THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
i " ' .
I, ; ,
1 6 8
I . x - 1
III I I
SOME OF THE RESULTS OF
COMMUNITY SERVICE WEEK
v. .w Conception of Community Spirit Has Dawned Doing
Away With the Individualistic View Healthy School
Spirit Developed Celebration Will Be Permanent
, I i I! ) .
h i. til-
Winters in The Banker-Far-:an
of Agricultural Comtnls
th" American Bankers As-
citizens of Pikcville a
Carolina village of 600
told forgot individual
by appointment for three
: ; ?ivs
' i'. v
JUL I!. II. K. GllAHAM.
i"red fur the common weal
r a iart or a movement as
fi' i.i .-iunificant as the founding
ri" i! dilution or the development
' i i oi canals.
i i- minister, teacher, mayor and
'''.') public-spirited citizens of l'ike
vii:' were seized with a passion
i-.: i 'ttnr thiiiKa translated their de
int actual achievements. The
. i i ship of the community placed
f ' "rrect interpretation on the axiom,
onstration agent, and
The Machinery In Motion.
ihe machinery once formed into an
active agency, a variety of thin?
served as nucleus
crystallize civic consciousnpss: An il
lustrated 86-naere rtamnbipt v,TMf,,i
of yuggestions, and helpful 'hints for
- m. - -. a Ui. Liilll.O
.Ypcuint lo xne advancement of
every community in the State was is
micu iroin tne department of educa-
fcvt.. j i'i i,) iiiuusiiiia copies were
nrinl l.I n-..4i. .... i.t
i''" " incitij-iwn inousanu were
immediately distributed to town and
rV V I ii Iti i i in 1 . . i .
'" muT whh vo get a. f?rasp
ui atiu.ii conaitions m each commun
ii. i-iftuK unci canoiu comparisons
of conditions in one community with
tiHt.e oi otner communities were com
ww iii utt- ucinuuooK. i no needs and
Ps.1UiuueK oi the various sections
Are our roads what thev should l.?
re our farmers co-oneratins: as thev
should? How can we make our rnm-
munity liealthier? What is our com
munity doin to teach adults to read
and write How can we dpvlrm n.
richer social life and recreating ffi-
lities, a greater "set -together" spirit
among our people?
The "Plain Truth About Your
County: Where It .Stands and How Tt
Is Moving" is a section in the hand
book sharply calling attention to the
agencies and lore en that are makine
or marring individual counties. Com
parative tables, county by countv.
were compiled on these topics:
Power to produce farm, wealth,
white illiteracy, church membership
farm tenancy, road mileage, b .ys'
1 a , ...
corn ciuo enrollment, girls canning
club enrollment, and corn and cotton
yields under demonstration methods
Supplementary to the guidebook,
other inspiring literature contributed
to stimulate the movement The sec
retary mailed six thousand letters to
members of-farmers unions and a let
ter to every rural school teacher in
That There Is None
Bosh, Declares Capt.
J, R, Hutchincs
Kditor: 1 noticed a d.tv or
;ig an item in ih- Wa-hinstvo
News columns that Congressman
of our national
the well-doing of what needs
I'.i t photograph in the mind's eye,
tour thousand rural school districts,
cftirijily represented by twenty thou
rrr.J people, pledged to the support of
ft common cause and vou catch in
the large perspective the real signi
ficance of "Community Service Week"
l North Carolina.
Why this State-wide gathering
fcht-re men, women and children
t'liijht assemble to speak, act, play
and work for a greater common
wealth to crystallize community
pirit where the common good might
l consulted and determined?
other localities and States had
observed "Read - Working - Days,"
r.tean-up campaigns, and other varied
jie-day civic programs in efforts to
stimulate community spirit, but it re
gained for President Edward K.
Oraham of the University of North
Carolina to suggest the epochal idea
f a whole State devoting a week to
th? consideration of ail matters of
The Governor a Convert.
The governor was a convert to the
Me. In his proclamation, designat
ing the observance of "Communtiy
Service Week", he caught the con
structive temper of the original con
ception: "The realization of our
Patriotic ambition for North Caro
lina as a whole depends upon the
achievements of the samo ideal in the
local community the county, the
town, the township, the school dis-
Survey off Kural Conditions.
The inauguration of a rural census
or survey created a demand for
blanks for the insertion of replies to
fifty questions of intimate insight into
home life. The survey was prosecut
ed by the educational forces of the
rural communities. Here appended
are replies to ten questions, gathered
from thirteen counties scattered over
the State, of unusual import:
No. 1. Do you use patent
No. 2. Has the farm dem
onstration agent helped
you this year?
No. 3. Are you a church
No. 4. Have you helped
your local bank by de
positing your savings in
No. 5. Has your bank ever
helped you by leanding
you money? IS
No. 6. Do all your chil
dren between six and
sixteen attend school? . S2
No. 7. Do you own your
No. 8. Do you take a farm
No. 9. Do the boys have
Saturday afternoons off
for baseball or other
No. 10. Would you favor
No. 10. Would you favor
and some high school sub
jects in your schools. . . 82 18
Rural communities all over the
State caught the spirit of the new
adventure in self-government their
patriotic impulse was quickened by
DR. CLAllKXCK POE,
window panes, place shelves in hat
rooms, and- repair wnodhouwe and
window blinds, .
Aside from the healthy school spirit
developed, various rural schools took
this advanced ground: Organized a
night school, obtained a schaal dem
onstration acre, formation of a bet
terment association, boys' corn club
organized, a school building com
pleted, and the installation of a mov
ing picture outfit in the school.
The epochal idea of a "Community
Service Week" has been made a fix
ture in North Carolina the perma
nence of the idea insures a more in
telligent and interested citizenship.
The endownment of a yearly fund and
the retention of a permanent civic
secretary safeguards its material well-
being and future welfare.
The idea gives birth to a new con
ception of community spirit; doing
away with the extreme individualis
tic view which proclaimed every man
his own judge, jury and sheriff, and
kept the active forces of society in
The newer conception is expressed
in the version of the president of the
University of North Carolina: "The
road that leads by my own door is
the road to the end of the world;
and the wonderful thing is that for
me it is the only road that leads to
Farmer, organ of et ,.:;t;t;t;tatat
the end of the world."
Stedman and others
law makers had been .mH.i i.tw... t.
look into th tobaeco situation to
wards raising uriees. $iwi oio-. t..n
of legislating ainst toin.vn tirr-.,-
I., - . 2 - . .
in iii juugmeni we nemoerat
inclined to legislate on le;;n
I never cast any other .ie in my
life and fed that 1 have a small voire
in our policies, being on- of the fam
ily. The cry of no competition is all
Tli.. ... i . . -
j in-v . iop oi Tooaeoo nas
well as any crop in ten years
the 1 it 5 1 a crp, which was by
of the best crops ever raised,
account of a vry strong for
mand, it sold etrmelv high.
can not believe any tonae-.. man
either planter, warehouseman, or buy
er ever expected to see such prices
again with a normal erop and normal
lias sold far
of the most
I believe, the spirit of tin-
to in every way possible give
mer a square deal, and the
planters of North Carolina t
'.'!:! conditions tobacco
beyond the expectations
sanguine, and has put
n the country an-1 given
than any other e in
tra de is
JUDGE WHIPS WIFE BEATER.
Orders Defendant To Take Off His
Coat, and Battle Is Staged in Court
room. Wilkes-Barre (Pa.) Dispatch to Phil
Justice of the Peace Henry Miller,
of Swoyersville, gave John Kotch, aged
40, whom he called a wife beater, one
of the soundest thrashings a man ever
got, and when he had finished the
job he sent the battered Kotch to the
lockup, and will keep him there until
he agrees not to beat his wife
Mrs. Kotch came to Miller's office
with her eyes blackened. She said her
husband had beaten her. Miller sent
a constable to round up Kotch, and
when the accused husband was
brought into Miller's court he claimed
that the laws of the country permit
ted him to boss his wife by beating
'Squire Miller ordered Kotch to get
his coat off, and then followed one of
the hardest battles that any justice
has ever fought in defense of women.
Kotch i3 big and powerful, but Miller
battled gamely with him, and, after
battering his nose until the blood
flowed freely, and thumping his eyes
until they were black, he ended the
struggle with a blow on the jaw.
TRAGIC DREAMS COME TRUE.
trict, the little neighborhood grouped I the movement and it was an in
around church or schoolhouse.
The plans for development of the
Machinery for the practical introduc
tion of this ideal as an adventure in
self -government were engineered by
JMitor Clarence Poe of the aRleigh
Progressive Farmer, a far-visioned
writer and Southern statesman. The
tanners' union forty thousand strong
' the State department of education,
department of agriculture, and other
organizations strong in leadership
splration to labor for the common
When an isolated school district in
an eastern county closed their stores,
shut-down their grist mill, saw mills,
cotton gin, and banded -together to
do service on the roads, county or
ganization had become a real science
and isolation had been pictured as
the mother of stagnation! Thirty
miles of improved highways was a
bold testimonial to the efforts of this
I'ledged their support to the project. I single township on "Public Roads,
An executive committee assumed
control of the movement. W. C.
Crosby, a leader in farmers union
circles, was named secretaryi with of
ficial headquarters in the State de
partment of education. Local leader-
j,hi' outspoken in teachers, minis
ters, mayors and local farmers' union
bi four thousand school districts
Pledged a working cooperation. For
ty counties were thoroughly organiz
ed with the rural Fchool district as
a working unit. The personnel of the
county and school district committers
tmbraced the mayor of the county
eat, county superintendent of schools,
newspaper editors, .president and sec
retary of farmers' union?., farm dem-
Grounds and Building Day-
Only the Weather Unfavorable.
Other communities were similarly
responsive to the call for actual serv
ice in community development. The
unfavorable weather conditions pre
vailing during the week was the sin
gle Influence to thwart the efforts of
the three-day observance. One com
munity reported: "Every man and
woman of us on the job stockhold
ers, justices, patent medicine men,
tax collectors, drummers, farmers,
registers, and 'regulators of deeds "
A community working schedule ran
as follows: Repair front porch, saw
wood with gasoline engine, put pump
in working order, replace broken
Woman in Vision Sees Brother With
Revolver, Then Uearns of His Sui
York, Pa-, dispatch to Philadelphia
A story of what seems to have been
a premonition of the slaying of Mrs.
George T. Miller here last Saturday
night by her husband, who later killed
himself when cornered by the police,
is related by Mrs, Anna Miller of
Baltimore, a sister of the slayer.
Mrs. Miller, who came to York to
day and claimed her brother s body.
said that last Thursday night she had
a dream which strangely worried her
In it she saw a man with a revolver
in his hand, a policeman, and two
children. After the tragedy she real
ized that the man she saw in her
dream was her brother. The two
children, she believes, were Miller's
daughters, who were only saved from
the same fate as their mother by
B. F. Hibner, who crawled with them
from a third-story window and along
a narrow ledge to a neighbor's roof.
The policeman, she says, must have
been Patrolman Ziegler, at whom Mil
ler fired when tne omcer came upon
him in the home of a brother after
the shooting of the woman.
in better condition than any
class, as well as the people in
of the tobacco sections.
-Ther is considerable comp
the trade, the four companie
loom the old A. T. Co., I.
Myers, 1'. Uc-rrillard Co., U.
nolds Tobacco Co.. and "The New"
American Tobacco Co., all go on th
market and buy according to the de
mands of their factories. And bid
mands of their factories, and bid each
against the other, and with 33 years
as a tobacco auctioneer, 1 say they bid
without any compromise of one
against the other. Then We hae the,
Imperial Tobacco, of Kngland, one of
the strongest firms in the tobacco
world, large users and good bidder
on the markets.
Then there, is the Export . Tobacco
Co., one of the strongest bidders in
the trade. This firm with Jhh. H
(Buck) Duke at its head is giving
mucn attention, time ana money m
upbuilding the tobacco industry in
foreign countries. The Japanese
through their agents are large buy
ers of our tobacco.
Then with such large firms art J. P.
Taylor Co., John E. Hughes &. Co.,
Dibbrell Bros. Co., I,. L. Strause,
Hughes Martin Co., Dart Tobacco Co.,
and others I could name, are all largo
buyer, and are firm3 that travel the
two hemisphires to get orders for-
bacco and are strong bidders in the
trade. So it is shown at a glance that
when any one says that there is no
competition in the trade, the facts do
not bear it out. This is comparative
ly a mean crop of tobacco, with a
large per cent of green and nonde
script stuff that no manufacturer
wants, as people have quit using that
kind and lots of it is only suitable for
sheep dip. And I have seen low
grades even lower than now in the
70s, 80s and 90s and 1905. With the
great European war going on it Is a
mystery how the market has been so
The truth is thats ome of our poli
ticians are always seeking an oppor
tunity to jump on Buck Duke anyway
and they don't know a cussed thin
about the tobacco business, and it is
time they were calling off and let.tha
tobacco interest alone. I believe the
general feeling in the entire tobacco
belt of Virginia, Korth Carolina and
South Carolina is to give the trade a
rest and hands off.
JOHN R. HUTCHINGS,
Wendell, N. C.
FEW HIT BY INFANTRY.
Hard to Explain But It Is a Fact.
Paris, Feb. 10. (Correspondence of
The Associated Press) The relatively
small proportion of men hit by infan
try fire has beerrTiplained by the fact
that the blue sky draws the aim high.
La Illustration maintains that this
position is untenable because high fire
is often more deadly than low by rea
son of the fact that it reaches the re
serves who are often assembled in fat
more compact masses than the men
on the firing lines.
In charging position an infantry
man's rifle barrel forms an angle ot
about 12 degrees above the horizon.
At from 16 to 60 degrees the Lebel
rifle with the "D" bullet has a range
of about 4,400 yards maximum. Sup
posing that a considerable part of the
fire were drawn high by the blue sky
there would be a zone of 150 yard
just within the maximum that would
be particularly dangerous for the reserve?!.
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