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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
I " ' . K IE RGARTENS III TIE SCHOOLS htates might well afford to support kindergartens for n e children if for no other reason thai- th. Sn22n the trainin& cleanliness IV "u""cjo. wnioa tne children of oiuves gamed irom their es." rnistress- ieus of Donald MacKac. Mr. MacRae is a strong advocate o the introduction o the kindergarten into the puhlic schools of North Caro lina. In a letter to The News and Observer enclosing copy of the letter of Prof. Claxton, Mr. MacRae savs: vmi n" W" P stay ha-s introduced a bill in the House of Representatives CLAXTON ENDORSES establishment, equipment and main tenance of kindergartens schools of NnrtV O-a ? r, ttt1,. hev hive rarents breat- P.lrons.?f th.e various districts, COun J . , , ..... "es or C1"es desire such an addition to ntPfnet in SP.hnn WnrL' tneir regular graded school con rsp. M IIUI VUl ill UUIIUUI I I v I l I iimi.. , j v t; - , - , . , coiauuHiuneni 01 Kindergartens in tne public schools approved by several bisons Why They Would Do Good in North Carolina Are Set Forth ROI' .i.ys Than They Would Other wise Have Furnish Clear-1 x Insight Into the Meaning f Education had responded so nobly, that he felt that for one nieht at least they should come together and have a little r.aw where business might be forgotten for tne time beiner. Vaudeville is to be enriched bv dramatization of O. Henry's short stories. Joseph Hart has secured the vaudeville rights to all of thpm. and believes that the tales will adapt them- selves particularly well to the variet stag. Only one of O. Henry's r.tories has so far been dramatized success fully andthat is "A Retrieved Refor mation," which was converted b Raul Armstrong and Wilson Mizner. into "Alias Jimmy Valentine," the play which created such a furore all over the country. To the strains or "Dixie," mure than eleven hundred members of the New York .Southern Society sat down to the annual Dixie dinner and Colonial ball in the grand ball room of th COMPULSORY EDUCATION SOLVES CHILD LABOR Opini. the vev 13 of Dr. Joseph II yd- Pro Geological and Konomie of North Carolina. :t or Sur- "lt Hyde (Dorothy Mitchell). serins to me," said Dr. j,.st-nh Mr. Donald MacRae, of Wilming ...ii, is one of those interested in the Jiuit to et the Legislature to pass Up Stacy hill providing for the es Vihh.shment, equipment and mainten ance of Kindergartens in school dis- Ti- ts wnere tne patrons desire them Me h as received from United States ' mniissioner of Education 1. P. 'M ixtorj the following letter approving J be effort to promote kindergarten v.-r5: in North Carolina: M un very much interested in your -''fort to induce the Legislature 'of .rtli Carolina to enact some law Ahjeli Ail! assist in the promotion of h" kindergarten work in the cities, N'hiis and manufacturing communi of North Carolina. I have given ii t ;y ye.-irs to the study of the kin-hr-.irien and am convinced that it very valuable for all children, espe cially for children of cities, towns, m.i manufacturing communities .ho-,., mothers ran not give them the .tt.ntiop which mothers of the coun ir -;ive to their children, and who jded from direct contact with , which country children have. work of the kindergarten is on sound pedagogical princi 'rorbel understood clearly what ' greatest educators have tin- ood, that education is the result of two sets of forces, the forces vie f ...t are, 'The til th ...IH fro'ii within which may be called na ture, heredity, tendency, and the forces f environment from without, and that K'ood education requires the larerest passible amount of freedom for the Jevelopment and manifestation of the mmr forces, and such adjustment of the environment of the child as will make possible the fullest and freest activity and development of its rui ture. "1 liave thought that the kindergar b 'n is especially helpful in the South ern .States for the following among vtber reasons: "l The school life of children in be Southern States is much shorter than elsewhere. Anything that will ad ! to the length of the school life in a helpful way must therefore be ac 'uuted good. "2. The kindergarten in the school lejps to give parents a greater inter est in the school work than they would otherwise have. Mothers who end thier young children to the kin lerKiirtfm follow them with a tender er solicitude than they have been ac--istomed to give the older children in the grades of the school. It is asy to transfer this solcitude and in 'erest to the children after they hate entered the grades. "I'.. The. kindergarten gives to vehrs, parents and school officers truer insight into the real nature o 1 meaning of education and a juster 'hpreciation of its worth than they otherwise would have. This is espe cially true of teachers if the superin 'eiulent arranges for kindergarteners unl rade teachers to come together Jii teachers meetings for the study of principles of education. I had a noH striking illustration of this when 1 wa.j supernitendent of schools of the ''ly of Asheville, North Carolina. The work of the kindergarten vh u properly done always brings joy hihI sunshine ino the lives of children, lean Paul Richter was right when he t:d that this is the most important thing that can ever happen to a child. Much of the best in the educa Mon of children comes from imitation. Kindergarten teachers are usually wo "un of fine culture, well modulated voiees and good manners. Many chil dren learn from them what they have no opportunity of learning from their narenta in the home. "ti. The kindergarten material, as Wanned by Fopebel, the founder of ibe kindergarten, is so arranged as to insist children in learning the funda mental principles of form, color and Motion. The use of this material in 'be kindergarten therefore makes the le.st possible foundation for the study f mathematics a?id science in the Snides. "7. The kindergarten is especially helpful for negro children, who have bss opportunity for education in the home and In the ordinary schools, nd who are by nature more imitative than , white children are. I feel sure 'bat any community Jn the Southern has already been of the most pro gressive ana intelligent superintend ents or scnools of the cities and coun ties of the State, and the -indications now are that the State Federation of Women's Clubs, the Soro.sis Mnd the North Carolina State Teachers' As-' sembly will endorse the movement; and I enclose a copy of letter from Hon. P. P. Claxton, U. S. Commission er of Education, in reply to a letter I wrote to him asking for his opinion as to the value and desirability of kin dergartens in the pjublic schools es pecially those of North Carolina. You will note that Mr. Claxton's opinions and conclusions have been arrived at after logical reasoning and very care ful consideration; and, as he luus been interested in the subject of kindergar tens for some time, his opinion ap pears to be valuable. "The establishment of kindergar tens, which will be the remit of the bill referred to, is also approved by a National Kindergarten Association a purely philanthropic organization having for its principal object the esiaousnmeiu oi Kindergartens or a standard grade in all of the public schools throughout the United States. "Through the agency of this Asso ciation a number of States have adopt ed the idea and have found kinder gartens of great value, both in making the small children contented and happy and in training them along lines which will result in their being far better pupils when they enter the first grade of the public schools than are the average first grade children who have had no kindergarten training. ic Astor Tuesday evening. The rooms were at tractively decorated with palms, spring flowers and in places bales of cotton. At supper, which was .served at midnight at small tables, there were plantation singers to entertain the guests, while two large orchestras pro vided music ior dancing throughout the evening. There was no sneechmak- ing as the guests devoted all of their time to dancing. The Tar Heel State was well represented in the gathering. many former residents who are mem bers of the society, attending with their guests. The affair proved to be one of the most successful ever given by the society, which, by the way, is the second largest social organization in the metropolis. Mr. Paul Wallace of the firm of Ashley Home & Sons, of Clayton, was in New York all of this week purchas ing stock, and bearing the informa tion that his firm was buying heavily as good business was exnected in his locality this year. Other Tar Heel buyers in this city this week included R. H. Black, of Concord; C. W. Pol vogt, of Wilmington; R. E. Swartz berg, of Asheville; W. H. Stone and Mrs. E. P. Pate, of Greensboro, and Mrs. W. L. Heath and Miss W. I,. Mc Donald, of Charlotte. Mrs. D. R. Dixon and Mrs. L. B. Tillery, of Rocky Mount, arrived in the present Denis for a NORTH CAROLINIANS IN THE METROPOLIS 1 New York, Feb. 27. Miss Cordelia Drexel Riddle, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. J: Drexel Biddle of Philadel phia, has selected Wednesday, April 28, as the date of her wedding to Angier Buchanan Duke, son of Mr. Benjamin N. Duke of North Carolina and New York. The ceremony will be performed in Holy Trinity church, Philadelphia, and Miss Biddle will have among her attendants Miss Hope Truxton Beale and Miss Eugenia Kelso Cassatt, both debutantes of this sea son in the' Quaker City. Miss Mary B. Duke, sister of the bridgegroom, will be the maid of honor. The Biddies and Dukes are at present at Palm Beach, but will return North next week to prepare for the wedding- uotnamiown early in week, and are at the St few days' stay. Miss M. Li. Abbott arul Miss Mary uarson, or ureensooro.are passing several days as guests at the Churchill. Miss N, O. Wiggins, of Murfrees boro, was a North Carolina visitor in the metropolis for several days. Miss Ij. A. Lloyd, of Asheville, reached the city during the week for a stay at the Grand. Miss L. G. Curtis, of Greensboro, is spending several days in New York, staying at the Grand. Mrs. E. C. Mellon and Miss Sarah Mellon, of Charlotte, were In the city on a pleasure jaunt, stopping at the McAlpin. Miss C. Burnette and Miss C. Gird wood, of Rocky Mount, were among the Tar Heel visitors in New York during the week. Mrs. A. Andrews and Mis.s E. Rewis, of Greensboro, are at the St. Denis for a few days' stay. Miss S. A. Perry, of Elizabeth City, has arrived in the metropolis, for visit at the McAlpin. The regular meeting of the Wash ington Heights Cliapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, Mrs. Samuel J. Kramer, regent, was held Friday afternoon at the Jumel Man sion in Upper Manhattan. Mrs. Thom as C. Wetmore, of Christ School, Ar den, N. C, addressed the chapter. "Statesville has one of the most pro gressive commercial clubs in the State and it is aiding the town to a large extent," said Mr. W. H. Morrison, well known merchant of that municipality, who spent the week in Gothan at tending to business matters. "Just now the club is preparing an attractive booklet advertising the town's possibil ities as an industrial center and its perfect climatic conditions to be for warded to all parts of the United States. Of course, we hope the pam phlet will bring us numberless new residents. "Business is splendid in our section; we started the new year off with a boom, andtrade conditions are im proving every day. I am purchasing a good supply of merchandise while in New York for we expect a banner season in the spring." North Carolinians registering at the various Broadway hotelries during the present week included the follow ing: t Navarre R. Renn, Henderson. Grand L. B. Hindman, Greenville, Mrs. C. Irwin, Reidsville; M. A. Sim clair, Fayetteville, and M.iss D. Trent, Reaksville. Wallick C. Wilson, Durham. Marlborough L. A. Liloyd, Ashe. ville. Park Avenue R. C. Britton, Char lotte. Biltmore J. W. Fraser, Charlotte. Hermitage P. R. Roberts, Rilling ton. York D. C. Fussell, Tarboro. Strand F. W. Wilson, Greenville. McAlpin J. E. Spainbour, North Wilkesboro; F. L. Stutson, Washing ton, and Mrs. A. Daye, Winston Salem. Herald Square H. C. Rambeth. Thoma-sville. Breslin Dr. J. A. Hart, Wades- boro. Mr. P. B. Beard of Salisbury, South ern representative of the Crown Steel Company of Baltimore, is passing a week in New York enjoying the thea ters, restaurants and other sights of the metropolis, being accompanied by Mrs. Beard. Mr. Beard, who travels throughout North and South Carolina, asserts he has been unable to find any traces of the so-called depression in his territory. Mr. Thomas D. Green, formerly of Asheville. and nowone of the most npoTninpnt hotel men in Gotham, be ing nresident of the New York City Hotel Association, was the host to his fellow officers and members of com mittees at a dinner at Woodward Ttiesdav evening. Mr. Green said he had imnosed so much work on: the officers1 and committeemen and "they i ratt or trie .North 'around Geological and Economic Survey, and one oi the leading men in the good roads moement in the State, " that this question of child labor could be settled if they would pass r letter compulsory educational law. for it would then UrtTe the child from the farm and other industries as well as the cotton mills and put him in school." nr. Pratt has traveled ov r theState and ba. seen life in rlto towns in the sandhills and the moun tains and is qualified to .--peak of the conditions both from observation and study, lie has seen the poor class of tenant on the farm, and un the moun tain side, and has seen the mill popu- "ukjii Hiiu tils iuea is inai tne mreai est need of these children is not to be deprived of work holly, hut an education. When asked as to what his ideas on the situation were in regard to child labor, and its best remedy in the State, he said: "While we all admit that the condi tions in cotton" mills and manufactur ing plants of all kinds are not a.s we would wish them, and that children are undoubtedly being employed in many of these, it does seem to be the best solution of the problem, and one that would solve the ones- iion ior an cuiiaren would fe a com pulsory educational law. This does not. center the attack un any particular line of business that may be employing children, but it will take the children from the cotton mills, stores, manu facturing plants, off the streets and put them in school. "I realize," continued Dr. t'ratt, "that there is a great deal of oppo sition to the idea of a compulsory educational law but after having seen the benefitcial results that have been accomplished in other States, by rea son of such a law, I cannot help hut believe it will be one of the best ed ucational laws that could be passed in North Carolina, especially when I be lieve it willsohe as nearly completely as any other law the children labor problem. 1 am taking for granted ihat if such a law would be passed by the General Assembly that it would have. the machinery by which it could be made effective." When asked about the child work ing during vacation, Dr. Pratt said: "There is no question that there are certain instances where children, and even young children, are forced by cir cumstances to help their mothers in eking out a living, and while we should protect and nurture such chil dren, I believe after tney pass a com pulsory educational law there will bo very little difficulty in passing need ed regulation to protect and care for such children, and at the same time not deprive the mothers of the little help that the children can give by working at certain times in certain places." Continuing his remarks on tne ques tion, Dr. Pratt said that a compulsory educational law would give the child something useful and beneficial to do. while a child labor law took a child from work, which in many instances was necessary for helping support the family, and gave him nothing in re turn. For children who are compelled to assist in the family income, the local or truant officer must make a thor ough investigation under a compul sory educational law and see that the, child gets as much schooling as it is possible for him to get. At present the compulsory educa tional law is from eight to twelve years of age and only for a. four months term for each yearduring which a child must attend school. The child labor law prohibiting children from working in mills is for 13 years with a provision as an apprenticeship at 12 years provided tney nave oeen to school four months in the year. The cotton manufacturers Association of North Carolina have passed resolu tions favoring the raising of the ace for compulsory education. BUTTS, PORICE DOG, FAMILIES. SAVES 20 y five-story 111: West of fire yes- New York Jress. Twenty families in th double tenement house, 144th street, were warned terday afternoon m time to escape oy Butts. a dog, that has been adopted as mascot by the police of the Lenox avenue station. Butts, although he isn't on the pay roll, has been doing efficient patrol duty for some time, accompanying the patrolmen on their rounds. He wa3 at the heels of Patrolman Edward Thompson as he " walked through 144th street yesterday. Thompson saw flames shooting out of a second story window, and while he was turn ing in an alarm. Butts ran into the house, yelping and scratching at the doors of the various apartments. When Thompson -reached the house the flames had cut off escape by way of the stairway, and some of the ants" were driven to the rear escape. "Blue Steel'' Talk at Bayboio. Bavboro Sentinel. Some young gentlemen with deep voices talked about using cold blu. steel on our honorable mayor lasi Sunday night. There is no evidence that our mayor did any running and it might pay these young men to use more discretion, for while Bavboro is very patient and slow, she sometimes gets up steam, and some oi tnese young men may get a sad lesson taught them. They were out of town boys, and for this once we r-train from giving their names. Pereival G Baum, of Lakewood, Ohio, wishes his property assessed at a higher figure. He appeared at the office of Deputy Tax Commission? John D. Fackler and complained that bis home is on the tax duplicate at lower price than those of his bora Heigh ten -fire BROTH FR AC CI 1EXTAIXY Dis covered foot cures tobacco namr. and indigestion. Oladiy sejaa par- French scientists have found that newly fallen snow is highly radios.c-tiv. ticulars. Florida. o of -i i v. T. K. Stoker. Mohawk.