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e 4 I s ' . W, ! i' II si i I i i - i ii'ji 1. 1 ' , , i : : . f i ! v i f Mi .' -- Oil' THE FARMER AND MECHANIC. xv WASHINGTON LETTER IN THE . KEEPING OF NORTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL COMMISSION Hy i:. i. w Washington. ! CON.VOK. C, March Amotii; the manuscripts in possession of the North Carolina Historical Com mission is nn interesting letter, yellow with age. hearing the autograph of George Washington, who had but re cently taken the oath of office as preiu-nt of the United States. The letter is dated .lune IV. 1789, and 1S b!drcsseil "To the Governor and Council of the State of North Caro lina." and has several interesting and significant points. The circumstances from which it originated are interest ing. , t The State of North Carolina at that time was not a member of the Union of States known as the "United States of America." A convention of the State during the previous year had refused to ratify the newly proposed Constitution of the United States, and the new Federal government had been organized and launched upon its ca reer without the help of North Caro lina. Hut a new convention had been railed and was soon to convene for the purpose of reconsidering the rat ification of the Constitution, and un der the circumstances the Governor and his Council thought it advisable to address a communication to the President cf the United States stating the sentiments of the State of North Carolina with respect to the United States. The Governor was Samuel Johnston, a strong Federalist, and the members of his Council were John Skinner, of Perquimans; James Ire dell, of Chowan: John Kinchen. of Orange; James Armstrong, of Pitt; Josiah Collins, of Tyrrell; Whitmel Hill, of Martin, and Demsey Conner, of Pasquotank. Of these Johnston, Skinner. Iredell, Collins and Hill had all been members of the Convention of 1788 and had voted for the ratifi cation of the Federal Constitution. At a meeting of the Council of State, held at Kdenton. May 10, 1789. the follow ing entry was made in the Journal "The Governor and Council consid ering that it may be of great moment to the Interests of this State, that the Sentiments of the People in respect to the new Form of Government for the United States should not be misrepre sented, and by that means the har mony between the different States be in any danger of interrnntion, think proper that the following address should be presented to General WlTti ington; the said address to be signed by the Governor and by the Presi dent in behalf of the Council. "To His Excellency George Washing ton. Esquire, President of the Unit ed States. "Sir: "Amidst the congratulations which surround you from all quarters. We. the Governor and Council of the State of North Carolina, beg leave to offer ours with equal Sincerity and fer vency with any which can be present cd to you. Thouerh this State be not yet n member of the Union under the new form of Government, we look in an abatement of the party spirit which so much endangers a union on which the safety and happiness of America can alone be founded. May that Union, at a short distance of time, be as perfect and more sal than ever, and in the mean while may the State of North Carolina be consid ered, as it truly deserves to be, at tached with equal warmth with any State in the Union, to the true Interest Prosperity and Glory of America, dif fering only in some particulars in Opinion as to the means of promoting them!" To this address, President Washing ton, in the letter referred to above, re nlied as follows: t "To the Governor and Council of the State of North Carolina. Gentlemen: "It was scarcely possible for any Address to have given me greater pleasure, than that which I have just received from you: because I consider it not only demonstrative of your ap probation of my conduct in accepting the first office in the Union, but also indicative of the good dispositions of the citizens of your State A GRAPHIC DESCRIPTION OF THE EARTHQUAKE IN ITALY Mrs. D. G. Whittinghill, of Southern Baptist ML-; Tells of Heart-Rending Scenes Baptist Union Chile Faith of an African Courier. in c SOME 3LRSHALIi EPIGRAMS. Vice President Has Knack of Saying TMnss in Striking: Manner. National Sunday Magazine. Vice-President Marshall has a knack at epigrammatic utterance. Even in everyday conversation his re marks are likely to be thickly flecked with epigrams and quaint bits of philosophy. In fact, it does not matter much whether one look for epigrams in his offhand talk or from a formal speech, for the epigrammatic sentence seems to be his most natural way of expressing whatever is on his mind. For example: The flae: and the drum thrill the sol dier, but the sabre and the musket win the battle. Necessity is the mother of contention. Not even Jefferson could make the towrards Russian peasant a Democrat ... . i i heir Sister States, and of the proba- If I were a "higher critic, i woum ,ility of their speedily acceding to change one commandment to react. the new gerfcral Government. The sins of the children shall be visit- "In justification of the opinion ed on their parents. which you are pleased to express, of x am for freedom. T want the right my readiness "to advise every meas- to -; ;n mv narrow Presbvterian pew ure calculated to compose party divi- nTw1 tft wnrsv,in in mV own narrow wav sions and to abate any animosity that Ifl T am willing to give you the whole may oe excitea uy mere ainerence oi . t! fr.i- vm,r Methodist your hallelujahs We only truly live when wTe appre hend that life is a movement and not a monument. It is well to long for the ideal; it is opinion, l take tne liberty or reier ring you to the sentiments communi cated by me to the two Houses of Congress. On this occasion, I am like wise happy in being able to add the strongest assurances, that I entertain a well-grounded expectation that necesrary to deal with the real. nothing will be wanting on the part I have no desire to sit before a of the different branches of the gen- desolate fireplace gazing at the dead eral Government to render the Union embers of an unfortunate past as perfect, and more safe than ever it is not education but regeneration it has been. thnt thP nponlp rppfl. "A difference of opinion on political points is not to be imputed to Freemen as a fault; since it is to be presumed that they are all actuated by an equal ly laudable and sacred regard for the liberties of their Country. If the mind is so formed in different persons as to consider the same object to be somewhat different in its nature and consequences, as it happens to be Freedom for us is a possession; not a gift. Too many nrsons viewT life through a glass windshield. The shalls and shall nots of desire, prejudice, and expediency are so nu merous as to lose the untrained man in a wilderness of doubt. Mountain tops are mostly for placed in different points of view, and visions. A .erlance and we go back to if the oldest, the ablest and the most tne na levels or lire. virtuous Statesmen have often differ- Many of the ideals of the dreamer ed in judgment as to the best forms are beautiful water colors that are of Government we ought, indeed, changed into indistinguishable blurs rather to rejoice that so much has when tnken out into the storms of been effected, than to regret that actual life. more could not all at once be accom plished. "Gratified by the favourable senti ments which are evinced in your ad dress to me, and impressed with an idea that the Citizens of your State are sincerely attached to the Interests, the Prosperity and the Glory of America, I most earnestly implore the Divine benediction and guidance in the coun- Many of the evils of life owe their origin and continuance to the fact that our knowledge of them is based on no data whatever. Eet this be the land of men, not laws; of love, not force; of principle, not expediency. We have no aristocracy of blood and we are yet too young to have by forwnrd with the pleasing hope of its of North Carolina and the States now snnrtiv becoming such, and in the in Union under the new general Gov meantime consider ourselves bound in ernment. cils, which are shortly to be taken by anv Process of evolution an aristo their Delegates on a subject of the crac" OT intellect and goodness. most momentous consequences. I We build our pedestals and we nut mean, the political relation which is ur heroes on them, but we demand to subsist hereafter, between the State that, whenever our images have feet (By Southern Missionary NY - ., reau Ida Clyde Clark, Lit.: Mrs. D. G. Whittinghill, .: Southern Baptist mission, ;: gives this graphic account of t! . V; cent earthquake in Italy: "A week ago Rome was sh , 7 an earthquake. Since then tlu v have been coming frequent!'. much slighter. The walls - .1 'rented house swayed and rut-. : beams of the ceiling moved, a: .: .1 with a grinding noise, slid int.. ; . o Everything seemed to be sm': -back and forth. My husband ; :, y thought every moment that th building must go. To leave th : . ft h floor, with little children, was iu.;-..s. sible. The square below us w:is ., with whole families moving up i; , down to keep warm. We al mained in our flat, in spite of w. . : in the wTalls and sagging doors. , soon as my husband realized the tent of the damage and the iu-V; f help in the villages in the Al : r , he decided to go at once. "Finding to reach Avezzan. by ::::. tor was out of the question .n ; ;u count of the snow and expon , i organized at prayer meeting at ;r little chapel a party of men t - v train, carrying bread, first aid t- ?m injured, stimulants, etc. Arnnn: - h- ers were Dr. Gill and son, th chetto brothers, and som n,. who could help dig out the poor ferers from the ruins of thrir )..: -Several of the brethren ennic : night to our home, where -:.;! lamps, coffee, tea, and shawls v. gotten in readiness for th- ;!. morning start. "When the party reached thr sir . tion it was found that S. Bon. dei Mersi was in great need of iiotr. diate help, and little or no suci h reached the town, so they doc ; b go there. "The party returned yostf:l, weary of limb and sore at h:: at all the sights of agony seen- ':o dead, the dying, the maimed; y i happy to feel that help had been o en by them to the needy. Some v ; dug out from the ruins, wounoV-d an d carried to medical staff; hungry i 1 pie were fed; one group of wound ; placed on fresh boards with struw ana tnem again covered witn s ia.v so that the poor creatures actnr.iy declared that they had gotten warm. Words fail to describe all that na ; saw. The return trip, which sr.oi have been made in three hours oi the train, lasted twenty hours. 'At Tivoli, just before reaching Rome, there was a committee v !. came on board the train of ti wounded, saying to each one: WbaJ can we give you?' Some woin- r. nearly naked, wrere clothed; t! rs received shoes, etc. One poor man with a nursing baby, who b ; both arms broken, begged for .';r. a b GEO. WASHINGTON." New York, June 19th. 17S9 a Common Interest and Affection with the other States, waiting only for the happy event of suoh alteration being proposed, as will remove the Apprehensions of many of the good Citizens of this State for thos lib erties for which they have fought and Children Bom Sightless After Male- CURSE MAKES THREE BLIND. of clav, everybody shall have the rie-ht to tread on their toes with im punity. That wealth is wise which can at the midnight hour look out upon a moon-flooded chamber and fear no man. and hear no angry knocks at tne door of conscience. sunoren in common with others. This harpy rvent we doubt not will bo ac celerated by your Excellency's an pointment to the first office "in the Union, since we are well assured the same great nors of mind, which in all diction on Mother. Greensburg (Pa.) special to Washing. ton Post. After a curse pronounced on his wife had been followed by blindness The book of remembrance is small to devote many lines to man who has lived exclusively himself. Who of us can recall name or tne ricnot mnn . in Greece wren Aripuaes made it just; the n; too the for the of his three children. r,pnr?p Ynirn scenes hns so minentlv eharaeteriznri a paper hanger and painter of Mount of the richest man in Rome whn.A. Your Kxcellency. will induce you to Pleasant, left his wife and children, -ustus found it brick and left it nnvise every measure calculated to " ls alleged, retusing longer to sup- marrie: tne name of the richest man compose rariy Divisions, and to abate Port tnem. lusko was arrested on a in England when Shakespeare sound imy animosity mat may be excited by cnarge or desertion, and before Jus ii mere uiuerence in Oninirm. Vnnr tice or 1'eace L,. r.. lihodes Yusko tnM Excellency will consider fhowpvor an amazing storv. others may forget) how extremely dif- Vhen a girl of sixteen Mrs. Annie nctm u is to unite all the People of a i usko, it was testified, put out the great Country in one common Senti- eyes of seven ducks owned by a inent, upon almost any poltical Sub- neighbor, using a wire to perform the ject, much less upon a new form of act. Finding her blinded ducks, the Government, materially different enraged neighbor hurled maledictions from one they have been accustomed on the girl, expressing the hope that .u. u ui vui mereiore ratner be c.is- uoa would punish her likewise. poseq to rejoice that so much has Mr. and Mrs. Yusko are the par been effected, than regret that more ents of three children, each of whom couin not an at once be accomplished, is almost totally blind. Terrified by Ae sincerely believe America is the what seemed to be a fulfillment of i X"uni m me world where such the neighbor's curse, Yusko urged a deliberate change of government his wife to ask for forgiveness of could take place under any circum stances wnaicver. "We hope your Excellencv will nr. don the liberty we take in writing so particularly on this Subject, but this me neignoor and beg that the spell or tne curse be broken. This Mrs iusko rerused to do. Then Yusko left home State, himejer it may differ in any the office of the justice as evidence of Political opin cms with the other the truth of his words. Physicians r.inies. coruiany joins with them in present at the hearing said that the Sentiments of the utmost irratitude curse had and veneration for those distinjruish- Yusko's mi nr. t Vi n t 1 pt rViilrlrri n ct-.- J A 1 i J A. 1 i .1, . . I . V. i l fu laicnw huu mat urns rious irtue, influenced prenatally and blindness wnicii we ieei a pnue in saying we resulted. peiieve uncier God Have been the principal means or preserving the TEAM FOR BIjACK CREEK. i-ineny ann procuring tne Independ- Black Creek. Mar. 6. Black Creek ence of lour Country. We cannot is expected to have one of the fastest neip considering you Sir in some baseball tenms the rnminz Ken measure as me vainer or it, and hope ever had. Under the management of iu fuf nrncp me Kooaenecis OI mat Mr. n w Tlnmo fnrmpr star at Tri- cuuuueuce you bo jusuy nave acquired, in 1911 and 1912, ed all the depths and shoals of h man passion; who knows the name of the man who had the most mnnev when Washington's fonts nro C-1 A i r-r -r reddened the snows at Valley Force- uit "Liicfti man in a tho c;. !dwU Pictt's brigade charged ux.c; uiuuuy angle or Uettvsbure- "NTr une xvjiuvts una no one cares. hoping that she could again n. her child. "One kind lady said to Dr, WW:' tinghill, 'What will you have?' and begged for a piece of bread, i had given away all his food some cold tea. "Today Dr. Gill and Dr. Whitn hill left for more remote vil: -Friends sent in shoes and " skirts; to these wTere added now :! nels, socks, stockings, and funds -plied by the Americans, through ; ambassador. "Rome has done much, and y ' suffering and need is still very The aristocracy have lent motor- ;-r given money and time lavishly, day all through the great city cr wagons have been going, followed an escort of red-capped stuJ blowing horns and beating dri and the people would look out their windows and throw out Mrsr ets, old clothes and anything wb' tney could give. The wagons : trimmed with Roman and It'1: flags, and little boys run in front the wagons with boxes to collect p nies.' It is a picturesque way to charity. I think back through the years the lean and fat, the ?ood and the bad ones, to my earliest recollection I erswl-tfh womnwCith nriar-bordered paths of life Hilf1?- Unafrai unharmed She Si? VrmfintS of beauty for me iVloes rot soil them nor yeTrs make them cheap and tawdrv ijll seventoen years since her loul im-,t?rs or an aipl Knt t have not forgotten all she. "aid 41 told me there wa n i n, " fehe T believe hr .a.Sana Claus, and iJ.-"- e n:.-IIe brings me nn uluII,s ana fifes. Rut he ctni to me thrv vWnr, n Lne stlV bnn?s the uM&Xa WILL SUBOT SUFTOAGI-:. Iowa May Also Vote on Prohibit; Amendment. Des Moines, Iowa, Mar. f. Gov r nor George W. Clarke today sien : the womans suffrage and constit"ti' r al prohibition amendments rrc t ' passed by the legislature. The ! '; amendment must have the sancu- ' the next general assembly bf f r submission to the voters. Th?- pi-f-ent assembly has before it a bill t permit a vote on the suffrage amend ment at the primaries next year. m PITFEDS OFF FOR CAW. Pittsburgh. Pa,, Mar. 6. Mamr F. C. Clarke and John II. Dailey. h ness manager, headed a party f f Players of the Pittsburgh Natb-r. :.-! league club which left tonigii' Dawson Springs, Ky. Several pl;, will" join the party along the v. The pirates will go to Hot Spr iv Ark.. after a ten day stay at Daws--' Springs.