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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
11 1 . . STATEWIDE FISH LAW MEANS MUCH TO NORTH CAROLINA Inderal Government Glad Now to Help Make Fishine a Great Industry, Since Protection Is Assured For It Efforts-Many Good Things In Store. i; (V. K. YELVFRTOX). j Washington, D. C, March 13. mtern North Carolina will be the ,'.t fishing ground in the United VViruble and valuable fish if the nromiused co-operation between the j:ute authorities and the national bu VVnu of fisheries is realized. This is tb prediction of Dr. Hugh M. Smith, r,,nirnis.sioner of fisheries, whose de light at the final passage of a State wide fish law by the North - Carolina t,pt.-Uture is unbounded. All that North Carolina needs to ,lu t. secure the complete cooperation resistance of the Federal govern ;ipn! in the fishing interests of the l-iint is to enforce its new laws im t.Ttiilly and completely, according io officials of the national bureau. Th North Carolina streams and s-.uimIs will be stocked with the kinds of fish beat suited to the ter nary Htul f given protection will add immeasurably to the State's re .,irMS and prosperity. Three Essential Tilings. ('!) three essentials to bringing .,! ut ideal conditions in the State's ft.-liiu industry are summarized .y Dr. II. F. Moore, who is in charge ,t flif bureau's division of scientific inquiry: 1 Uniform and emcient en- nmKrked Tlth a buy and others will be marked within the next few 1901. when 75,400,000 eggs were taken. In 1902 the take fell tn 37 587,000, and by 1905 the number of eggs secured had fallen by stages to 5,748,000. In 1906, the year in which the Var.n bill became effective, 25. 643,000 eggs were taken; in 1509 the take was 59.6S5.000; in 1913 it had risen by rapid stages to 138.9192,000, and even this number could have been exceeded if the capacity of the hatch ery at that time had permitted the eggs to be handled. The season of 1914 showed a temporary decline ow ing to unfavorable weather conditions. The shad fishery in Albemarle III YORK HARBOR GLOSELY WATCHED The blackfish, or sea bass, is the mcipal fish taken in thpsA grounds. Thev are nf r,r. j t,-. oit. auu IS nun )a fictinJ : : I when the sunnlv smoii 0JT are a vindication of both ration catch vaduabl? M nit the aI le&islatin and shad culture. The wl kta? teS to and acher' ineffective so long as the frnm y? . ne, tr.ip ,to. and fish were prevented from reaching the Warships of Uncle Sam Are Eyeing All Craft That Pass in and Out i?sy the Asvxiatr-1 PriV New York, March 13. The destroy ers Drayton and McDougal. two of the fastest in the navy, arrived here today from Guantanamo to help pre serve n eutrality regulations. They will stand guard in the lowr harbor as a warning to shins nf hAiiimnt - ' - M "V . x . v 1 1 V irOMl InP prnnnla V. : t back beinth Mnf VLVlZlfS beds where ripe eggs may marks locating the grounds f ootamed, but as soon as an unub- Dr. Pratt a "Live On 1 ffirrdm nt rf .rt...., i.i i . I nations that thev cannot le?ve tli'.e lhe bureau of fisheries officials erations could be conducted on a p .n oth?r tlia" peaceful missions, have almost a personal interest in the scale sufficient to warrant expectation Peir arnval follows close upon a passage of the North Carolina lw. of economic results. The effects of onference here yesterday to discuss ror they have co-operated for several the heavier plants of recent years are years with the legislators f-who have in turn manifested both in the in attempted to get fish legislation. Dr. crease in the product of tne fishery Moore has several times accompanied and in the number of eggs obtain legislative committees in trips able. through the North Carolina waters "Fortified by the conspicuously where fishing conditions wereobserv- good effects which followed the pass ed at first hand. They knew, too, of age of the Vann law, the friends of the efficient and tireless work of Dr. fishery conservation in North Caro Joseph Hyde Pratt, of Chapel Hill, in lina have been endeavoring to have the interest of the law. Dr. Smith its essential features extended to all speaks of him as "a live one," and is maritime parts of the State, and the mOSt enthusiastic Shnnt Viio xx'r.r'lr i-r mnvomont - tVot T, .1 V,t, Kaa out. sn ptipp i well oo v.?o .. , .!xv. I .4 ,1 : j . a -r t ence lth I'resident Wilson last Thiirs- roads movement:. 190fi n ranvs nf thp v.Mri fivhri aa nint at his request, but it was on me general! neutrality situation, at which Collector Malont. Hear Ad miral Usher, commandant of the Brooklyn navy yard. Captain Karle, of the gunboat Dolphin, and Captain Carden, of the cutter Mohawk, were present. The two latter vessels also are assigned to neutrality duty. Mr. Malone deprecated todav re ports that the neutrality situation here was "critical." "There is no critical situation." he said. "It is true that I hd ..r. Dr. Smith Tells of Filit 1 of tne State was made by an agent of An interesting historv from thP th Bureau, and practically every year viewpoint of outsiders of the fio-ht in since then an assistant has been de- . . A, , . 1 North rnrrlinfl fnr- r,c-v. . I tailed to assist and advise in the ram- fnrtM'mcnt 01 ine law tiirougnout me . ion uacivauuu - . - r - : - - I T T 1 Tl 1 I1H 1 I 1 I I" I f I. Ill lilt: 7lil.Le il.S ' J -..v.ia i.- ... , . , ..... a department matter. I did not, as stated, represent to the President that the neutrality situation in this port was critical. As an example of the vigilant watch maintained, the Mohawk fired three blank shots as the Standard Oil steamer John D. Archbold was passing ' - ' fvntu.i ciwuhiciji ui ,1,o 1QC, i" terAsts nf most nnrtc nf the State tft "uu&" Ulc on ner way lO i,,,.. pivinr' the i?rentr;t lihertv tn the I vao ouuh a. idvv weie maue. t , , i liaton Kouee The steamer mm C1MI1L, ine J,reaithi nutrij.io lIie I tv,0 ovto : 4 I break wav from the ineffective and ,5 . e sif amt r appa rst .if the fish supply. . hole rather than in the temDorarv ,cpuu UL 1Jl- OIIlun' 1S an enective c "MUt iiciauvu iao frtereit of the fishermen temp0rary argument for a State-wide protective been enacted, each year has shown a ,urfsl?J" 1. e" . law and trives the scientific facts nn greater willingness of the fishery in- e extract IS as rollOWS: uxtv aw xium lxic niaictu.i; auu r entlv fad not Observe the MnnwV!, 'The history of the fisheries of Pernicious system of county control "1 S tI Lard vlu " 1, is j . , I Dnaoio Iaaq vco-nlatinn o tn " -lBtl. 1 Want tO DOUrO. yOU. rVJ rf-k TT tl 'rtTilmA -i e-m n An A. I X. I Mill KIIHI' M I I I II I I ' II IM I II III HUM lit! m . ... a A I ilUl 111 Vai till 11 r. I Mill I M I 111 I I I H I 411 I t-' -- --O v I ' hn ohAtfi r,n;Al.l.. . 1 A a t:. Urrater Cooperation OCtWeen lt. u..7.. .Lr-C . oHnnt tV,o hrn. ,1 nrineinlec nf Stnte V uuuw ,iull-M uiuugilL IltT 10 a obedience to local demands, nreiu- State and the Federal Kovero- ,i"r?0t?inT,T mwnicn ll?e Sminlatratior T without whieir no ef- ftop' a pavy tug went "'oncside and ..articulany tn the planttn, of VtS. XTkr"0 et- the steamer was allowed to pro- nrnionnnn nnnrnan I " i - i wvv. .wv4v.v H.pa nnrt loolnnc oc rothnr io Kno I iorceu v jv w.iv7v4o- iuiiivi viiaii uaocu l on broad principles having in viewT the lisl; rind in Vt- T'hllitS. .M, liatcncry on i-aniiico. the interests of the State as a whole ATTACKED BY WILD MOTHERS. i .... dim uiuueumie ui and a proper regard for the future i, h th's .ureau are concerned with weifare of both the fisherman and the Five Children Rescued From Savage ..he establishment of a fish hatchery consumer. There was at first a grad- Abode in Georgia Hills. Z ilhin theJocWnotbo wae in ual increae in the yield, owing to the Atlanta Constitution. .u.u in ine biuimiib ui nic wavcis in growth nf marlfPtu onH the i V.1,1. ibl !5SLlf- P?S? it,.fi8i!: mnt of means of transportation, the tale is that it is not a fictional story of a primeval race KAISER'S HOUSEHOLD ' ON SHORT ILVTIONS, 1X0 ,vt j.resent officials of the bureau do demand thus stimulated resulting in Gf the remnants f.ot contemplate the establishment of an increase in the number of persons 1 a. strange anc a Ik U hatchery in the l'amhco region anfi the nuntitv nf annantna on,. n Jt i: x. iiu.biit in mo 1 H,wiuv-v 1 nnn tne m anritv or nnnarntius em. .ts they say there is no suitable place ployed. For a period this increase in vn-ry suiacient spawn can oe iouna the intensity of the fishery had no and that these waters can be easily very conspicuous influence on the ap- M'f'ked from the Edenton hatchery-, parent abundance of the fishes, the Congressional action is necessary effects being further obscured in the t..-f..r.! a new hatchery can be estab- view of the fishermen by an increase lisht'J, but thfre is no prohibition in the unit price of the products, due n Mo.-KiniT Streams Or Otner Waters 1 tn hrnar pr markntc Pwntna lv tn whvro in the State with fish from Mi-ting hatcheries. The bureau has horttofore refused to stock a num-bfi- of streams in the State with fish however, the decrease in the fishes began to manifest itself in the catch, and this wras most conspicuous in the more desirable and higher-priced ""Mu.se no regulations for their pro- species like the shad. From 1880, t tioti in some cases were enforced, the earliest year for which data are while in many cases where regulations available, the catch of this species re enforced the laws were not of gradually increased under the opera- tuft'i. i-Mitly broad scope to be effec- tion of the factors just mentioned, but t'vv after attaininer the0899 incrmAlnti after attaining a maximum about 1897 it declined rapidly and in 1904 had sunk to the level of 1880. Es sentially the same conditions obtained bin iTnncrressmen. who were refused with respect to other species, ai- nsi, tor stockintr streams and other iuue" "" h v,n, ti,fl nth whn w - - I 1 X2-J 1 - I 11V I llC llCllUfl JA. til V AtJ.J J wv v wen mamiaineu ueuause v, 1 n;.r, will be no such trouble if the many the Je older of the mothers was just M.Me.wide law is enforced. justly regaraed as lnierior, wmcn in nrime of her vears. but already .-V-cinl laws which have been en- Vie. rner Penoa were dui uue u u- - - lifetime. The izea, at a later aate came into greater 1 . r,. . ,T v,,. demand and found a market which P'PH"r Wa nl? lxteen years hex Ho ficliormon aill(1 Rlltin V with CllliU ucnift auuui iuui j c.i o u.u. profit. "About the time the decrease in the shad became critical and was impos ing a serious decrease in the profits of the fishermen, an inquiry was in stituted by the Bureau of Fisheries which demonstrated that the most im portant, if not practically the sole, Thorn in Flesh Removed. TWK state of affairs has caused a "ln;s3 between the bureau of fish ?rie and some of the North Caro- e refuse tu nthe - - 1 , .ht 111 tneir districts. iereatrer 1 "c mamiaineu uu - . i v,; f No More Receptions or Mvc O'clock leas and Staff of Servants Redm-ed. Paris dispatch to London Daily Chronicle. A diplomat of a neutral power who has inst arrived from Rerl and distant land, spun, tne. rie-irt severeitv nf tt perhaps, by the weird fancy of a Jack vails at the court of Prussia. There London, but that it happened m the are no more receptions, no chatty civilized land of Georgia, It is the o'clock's" in the afternoon, and experience of Robert S. McCord, of the number of domevstic servants has the Georgia Children's Home Society, heen reduced to a minimum. The ef- as told by himself. feet of the general scarcity is begin- He brought to Atlanta the other ning to be felt in the royal household day from the hills of Floyd county as elsewhere. four small children the youngest The Empress has left the Royal four and a half and the eldest nine palace with its vast and deserted years, and he placed in a public hos- apartments which gave her profound pital another suffering from sciatic depression. She has betaken herself rheumatism and the loss of a toe. to Mon Bijou, which is a conglomera This is the story: tion of several pavillions in old Ber There came to Mr. McCord reports lin. She has f- entourage only two of two mothers and five children liv- ladies of honor and two chamberlains, ing in destitution verging upon sav- From time to time the Kaiser makes agery in an unfrequented scetion of a brief appearance at the Court. On Floyd county. With the sheriff of s.uch occasions he makes it his busi Floyd county Mr. McCord went to in- ness to see that the necessities of the vestigate. food regime are being strictly follow Back up in the hills they found the ed, and in consequence the mode of home a crude arrangement of tat- life at the Court has undergone a tered tent cloth, logs, and mud, built radical change. Meals are modest to a degree. Tne Empress Augusta Victoria's breakfast consists of a cup of tea and one plain boiled egg. Lunch at mid-day con sists of soup, a single serving of r' ,-h for several years in the Albe oi irie Sound region have shown re iHs 'ifficient to vindicate them com-det-ly .according to Dr. Smith. This r.'sri..n had its greatest fishing season r 1913, according to the bureau's ords, showing that the fishermen were in the end benefited most by the enforcement of the laws. The pros vn for shad and herring fishing in this reirion. according to Dr. Smith. meat and some fruit. For dinner she has soup, a single dish, and a plate A 11? t T A A. A The children. clad in meager 01 venmwm ut uui.iu.iuih. x uu um stretches of cloth. skittered, like are erveu m tneir jackets, j-umr chipmunks, in and out of the gaping boles of the improvised structure. Their mothers squatted near an open fire burning several feet distant from the hut under a battered tin boiler in which all tehir food was cooked. The jargon of the mothers was so illiterate that it was barely intelligle. them in their raw state is regarded as a waste of good edible material. The Kaiser never tires of recom mending the virtues of war bread, and he likes the members of hi suite to nibble it in public." HYDRO-POWER CONVENTION". K tho i .7,,.,. .artoiniv cause of the decrease was the exces ax .. . ' m Rive ii of fishinir imnaratus of all P-tki Bay inds. fished promiscuously in the in- When it was understood that the new- j, Body To Meet at Ashvill "The Marvhnd ind Virtrinia neoDle I lets, channels, and sounas so as to ei- wmaa wcic 1.111 c w hj UiVi ue iViaryiana ana Virginia People I n -r tul Prrvinr' awnv the children. the eiii unwilling to protect their fish," lcliia-Ii ulX? aa6 f.i.- Dr. Smith, "and fishing on the shad and other anadromous fishes to Ch.-sapeako has Kne from bad to their spawning grounds. rs." The Vann Law Helps. Sab. Water Hatchery in View. "Moved by a consideration of these -M-.r.y improvements in the fisheries factf the Legislature of North Caro- throit screame inc J'J'.licM station at Beaufort have iina. in 1905, passed an act, popularly ther members of hi :'' "dn during the past year, and known as the Vann bill, which pro- 1 tne T.tireau will inaugurate soon a j hibited fishing in certain of the inlets and important experiment in the I leadine from the sea to the sounds. propagation of marine species there. and restricted the use of pound nets The Federal government has no in the upper part of Pamlico Sound 'iiarino hatcheries now south of New an(j aii 0f Croatan, Roanoke, and Al- J'ngland, but if the Beaufort experi- bemarlcs Sounds to certain prescribed ments develop ways and means that ZOnes. As amended in 1909, this law ire teasible a salt waiter hatchery on now nreserves from all nets a strip tb'j North Carolina coast in the next lew years is not an improbable fore leute New Grounds. of varying width extending from the ocean inlets to and up the rivers dis charging into Albemarle Sound. "There is thus created a broad Another important activity in the avenue in which the shad and other J" ar future will be a further survey anadromous fishes may travel without of the waters off the North Carolina obstruction from the sea to their oa.t with a view of locating, chart- spawning places in the rivers. The and marking additional fishing effect of this has become increasingly grounds. The United States fisheries apparent and perhaps may be illus- -b'amboat Fish Hawk has already trated best by the history of the op- in June. Asheville, March 13. The enter tainment committee of the local board of trade has been advised that Juno 16, 17, 18 and 19 have been named as the dates for the annual convention- of the Tri-State Water and Light Association. The executive commit tee of the organization has selected W. F. Stieglitz, of Columbia. S. C. the first president of the association, as manager of the convention and he is The sheriff struck 1 preparing to visit Asheville within the hands before it near iuture wim a view iu uompiemie. preparations ior tne approacning an nual meeting. Asheville was selected as the place of holding the 1915 convention at last year's gathering and the water and light men of the Carolinas and Geor gia will gather here in large numbers for th approaching event. Various speakers of prominence will have im portant places on the program, which will be announced within the next few weeks, it is expected. carrying: away tne children, tne mothers went mad with range. The eldest snatched away from hirn the child Mr. McCord was leading by the arm to a big automobile that stood in the roadway. She flew at his oherently. The his party were a considerable distance away. The younger mother snatched from in side the crued hut ,a single-barreled shotgun, and leveled it upon the as sociation officer. the gun from her was discharged. The officials were compelled to sub due both women before the children could be safely removed. Land Case Nonsuited. (Special to The News snd Observer.) Elizabeth City, March 13. The case of C. P. Weston against the John L. Roper Lumber Company, which was to have been the big suit of Cam den Superior Court this week, came to an end abruptly, when Judge The mad.- some valuable surveys and has 1 erations of the Bureau's hatchery at Whedbee ordered it nonsuited. located a number of fishing grounds Edenton, N. C. at the end or Albe- plaintiff was suing to recover posses- Previously unknown. Even after marie Sound. The station was estab- sion of about a thousand acres of these have been located and charted lished in 1389 for the utilization of timber land, being lots numbers one they have not been widely available the eggs from shad resorting to the ;.nd four in the New Lebanon estate, whig to the fact that they are out of spawning beds in Chowan River and which lies between the Virginia line sight of landmarks. One of the larg- the adjacent parts of the sound. Its and the Dismal Swamp Canal in m of these crround0! has been recent- first year of effective operation, was I f aniden county. A striking illustration of the desire for education in Formosa is furnished by the fact that the English Presby terian mission i founding a high school in Tainan which will cost $60, 000. Toward this sum $30,000 has been contributed by non -Christian Chinese.