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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
15 THE INDIAN TRIBES IN NORTH CAROLINA 1 1 FRED A. OLDS. 1 1, vcntly the writer gave some facts T ' wding the North Carolina Indians 1Tlli told of what the collection of their iur'liwork in the Halt of History u;ii,s in the way of setting out to a i. degree the story of their life. The Two Greatest Families. The two greatest families of Indians lM North America were the Algonquian a i .1 the Siouan, and both of these were Wnrt.sented in North Carolina. The vl,'ntuian family occupied alarger ii:".t than any in all North America, i..r its range or scope was- from New foundland on the north to the Rocky Mountains to the westward; and as far smith as Pamlico Sound in this State. tlu- east, therefore, it skirted the at Lin tic coast all trw? way from New- r.kl! m. Hand to the Neuse river. Its southern border touched the eastern "m.-nian. the southern Iroquoian and th,. Muskhogean, and on the west the ;.,ii.in. The "Algonquins-" in Canada save the name to the family, the n:tme meaning "at the place of spear ing fish and eels," that is from the .... of a canoe. The name Sioux' means "snake' and hence "enemy." rh.. name Iroouois means "real ad- NEW ENTERPRISES THROUGHOUT SOUTH Amony the many Southern indus trial and other developmental enter prises reported in last week's issue of the Manufacturers Record are the following: NORTH CAROLINIANS IN I THE METROPOLIS (By 1L K. CAIUHWAY.) New York, Apr. An interesting; engagement announced this wek is that of Mis? Grace M. Palmer, daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. Lowell M. lalm- t r of Hnmklvn tn "P rUff. IKk., Tv-""sotiua"on -oai lo., Kairmont, son of the late Mr. and Mrs. John w. Va will develop coal property be- Allen Johnson, of Leesburp. N. C. tween tarmington, W. Va., and Hel- Mr. Johnson is a graduate of liar- ens Run; has begun sinking two vard University and is now in busi- snafts and proposes to invest more ness in this city. No date has yvt than $2,500,000 for two separate been mentioned for the wedding. Mention has beer r"?' , "ie su"e rignts on ine Ulxie Club e second largest . t u"i x u y u acres ana owns svera ?HI?0'L by and relies of the aborigines, are certainly fnform- e nu me collection easily takes rank as one of the most complete south of Washington. A Paint Pou organization of women in New York of obiert TOi,; ,, " ' IZ " . i "1UU""U acres in neiens uun sec- Reiner outpointed in the number of of the varied only by the Daughter of but there are yet others which merit explanation. A "paint not" i tn collection. This is a, "fulgurite made by lightning striking and fvin tT sand. In this has formed. The Romans days called these fulgurites "thunder- the Confederacy held its annual el- Tennessee Phosnhatft Pertilirr Cn lection of officers Thursday and svr- Centerville, Tenn., was incorporated al ts,eI1 knoisn former North Carolina with capital stock of $250,000 and will w0nier were chosen among the list, install plant for enrindinsr nh.osnh.ate The new president Is Mm James A. rock. I Alien, wue or .Municipal vourt Jus- and a former Kentucky n. ii i . v CtSht their greatest pod P"ed to build additional mill ' e 'uUv" "1? inc: T "f " " T IT AI . "ir SKy- ine KII i3"LU4C Krnest K. Malcolm as second vice- . -- icu ui f " ' -v,. . jjresiueni, irs. w. K. vvet as cor- '""r wua rrease ana painted their f 1 u" Hr5t noor winders on se.r- iaces and bodies with it. They also oncL an1 tnirtl for storage. used it for other decorative purposes. Crawford Motorcycle Co.. Morgan , Their Stone Work. town, W. Va.. was incorporated with The Indians did not fear to work capital stock of $100,000 to manufac- the most refractory stones, in order ture motorcycles. to make implements: flint, for exam l i j ; - r-.t- s t-: j. -i I pie, or hematite, that is iron ore. TheUac. ;r,n. ,.v, . I work, has returned to his home in uoin aumixaDie or ?100,Q00 to develop coal mines, etc. "yinrav"lt- Aen ms general boring are shown, as are also objects ov - t-i i missionary for the Asheville district, they bored, including pipes, gorgets ml Se? berg Stfeamship Co,, Mbile. Ala. Secretary of the Navy Paniel waj (worn at the neck as ornaments) Ind Ti f?n?S?Jrated with capital stock of ln New York tne latter part of aJ5t arrow-straightevers. $1,500,000 to operate steamship line. Wek, comin- from Washington to Clay Pottery. 1 Kewley-Dorst Coal Co., Bristol, j address the Methodist conference in vio-ix IScpresciitatives In Tlie Sta4:e. 'neT CIay pottery was of a hisrn f mcorporax.eo. wim session in mis city, iir uanieis ar- The Siouan family in wonn t.aro- r ftiict! - min. Innrm nn rm"?n.i nV0rr.iht t. ki H' ul w;trt reil?teiKi !iSfi the United States. These jars or pots National Plaster Co., Elkton, Md.. address he dwelt on the "mistakes of ministers wno give in?ir congrega tions essays while they hunger for the bread of life." He said that Billy Sunday won the multitude not he cause he used the vernacular of the responding secretary, and Mrs. Hob ins A. Lau as a member of the elec tion board. The Rev? William 11. Alien, who has been spending the past several weeks in the vicinity of New York. lecturing and attending to other were made in a mould of plaited cane I was incorporated with capital stock of $500,000. Thomas A. Edison Orange, N. J., will build benzol absorbing plant at Catawba. Saponi. Tutelo and several ,,t. r trines in jne c u uu wj.. and made 8mooth on the inside- When Th. iroquoian dried they showed on the outside the .aror i ar.a wieir ujmcuwaicu uiu cross Battem of the itrr. jftr Mb, aiso me Bpn SOM have an idea that the Indians mp v.neiiivTcs. ,H. stamped them xchile Koft wif n. xtan'ii. were i ia""'i cobs, hnt this i an Prrnr TVi -r-lr !1 A 1 4. FT, 4 lo 1 ' ' M v tn.ir language ana tnai oi A ulci'M point about much of their clay pottery Aa almost identical, so they could I is th t is dflMnt wt.' ou tHfiT, - - - 11 " V 1m T A f (AJ . I1J J darken their pottery by exposing it to t-a.-ily understand each other, rne lan-ur;,Lr.- of the Occoncechis was likewise .i-ii lar. The few recorded Saponi vo.r.ls are Siouan. The Saponi. and Tnr.lo moved about 17t2 from the Va-iKm river near Salisbury to the se- . ity of the white settlements in the .-.i-T ui onler to get protection, as the n.i-iliern and southern Indians were tr.-::M: them hard and killing them ui. n their way to the east they and time w-r, joined by the occoneeeni ana Mection. - .; rr l other allieil trines, an sman or-.,, .md they settled at "Saponi Tnu..." about fifteen miles from wbre x'i-.ior. Hertie county, now is. Thus tl. i.eome of the Iroquoian family. lfcmiUary Enemies. Y .ti' after year the Saponi and 1 . had fought their hereditary ;iiit llie iroquirt. irom ine norm. was made in 1722 between what known as the northern the smoke of chestnut bark Indian Money ttsn nnn leponeu v;ul baseball diamond, but because he $150,000. preached "the old gospel in the old E. G. Dougherty Fairhope Ala., is way." interested in organization of $100,000 Mr. and Mrs. P. A. Goodell. oi company to develop potter's crucible Winston-Salem, arrived in New York and tile clay early in the present week for a few Gretna Power Co. . Gretna. T.. was aays V1SU aI ine "otei coiiingwooa. ii r. -i.i, made the 4Six.' In 1779 the TMt-ios went to Canada and have pa--d iut of existence forever. It is i forest to know that the Iroquois i lrd all the Indians of the Siouan T.iT..iy in North Carolina "Tutelo." T'e -Tnscarora Territory. Tin: Cape Fear river was the south- onrr 'hi i.i-.nler of the Tuscarora territory, i clients and in fact The Indian money; calfed variously incorporated with capital stock of Mr- and Mrs. F. H. McDowell of wampum, peak or ?onoak, was made to acquire and operate electric p. ngnting system now being instailea. r " ' ' ; .7, passing several aavs ui ni: w.viik", Mr. and Mrs. James S. Dunn, of Winston-Salem, have been spending tne past several days at the McAlpin, doing some shopping and attending the theatres. Mr. and Mrs. Julian S. Carr, Jr., of Durham, have been enjoying a short stay in New York. They were at the Hotel Gotham. Mr. and Mrs. L. A. Williams, of Asheville, have been in New York for the past few days on a pleasure visit. Mr. and Mrs. T. II. Brayhill. of Lenoir, were among the North Caro lina arrivals of the week in Gotham town. Buyers in New York this week in cluded the following from North Carolina towns: M. linger, for lin- er & Milliman Company. Raleigh; O. F. Gilbert, of Elizabeth City: 13. Sykes, of Fayetteville; A. Weinstein. of I.umberton, and G. Far four, of Goldsboro. This week lltv Week was of sea-shells or of a rather soft stone. and had a wfde currencv. nraetieallv Diversified Farmer Co., Shreveport. all the tribes in America accepting it La- was incorporated with capital as currency. To make it, particularly stock of $1,000,000 to establish 12 of shells, required a good deal of care i canning- piarus ai various oumw in Both sorts are in this col- 1 Louisiana. Cnase Bag Co., St. Louis, Mo., was incorporated with $1,000,000 to man ufacture bags. i Litttlerleld-Steere Co., Knoxville, Tenn.r will build candy factory: four storie? and basement; 108x125 feet; brick, mill construction; cost $50. Or Texas Power & Light Co., Palestine, Texas, is reported to build electrie Keen Fishermen. Sinkers for fishing lines are among the objects on view. These are of stone, as are also weights used in do not know how to glaze it- The Catawbas were and are better pottery makers than, the C&erokees. They VioTriirtsr down the- spinps xvl"tirH tH re i rnon nwA t'n dranr in. th tpV! TVieJlight plant to COSt $83,000 Indians were adept fishermen and Norton Iron Works, Ashland, Ky., n.rw iwav Tneattxi thir vUino-Po-L will erect $o0,000 builomg and in- .v n known as the nortnern ana near streams. At several points near .an worm oi maenineiy ior v. mi h rn Indians in Carolina and Vir- Rajeign tny jjad "towns" as they manufacturing woven wire fence, tfin-.-i. About 1740 the Sapin and were Gailed. though in general they . .H. R. Banks Lumber Co., Kansas Tim.-I., went north and joined the "Six were a shiIting people and for sani- 'City, Mo was incorporated with eap- Xa-iMns-in New York. The Tuscarora tary reasons,. for one thing, seldom ;ltal stock of to establish lum- liau nreeeded them and had ioined tnn.i tt,o- ; o nninioi nUna ber plant. The Indians were superstitious, but .ter Lumber Co Figsboro, will build lumber mm at 3iartinsviiie, rrTv. vw Va., to manutacture building maten- 1 . , 1 5H Tlnr f - " " . . ' . m I I ,4 I II M 1111 IIlL.rTll.VIE fl II I IE. L.J 1 1F W I 1 1 Z a M j . wm - -i r rs. a yr -rrk i fc," I I -t.w-- ' - - i OATT1 OH II !J r (in i I 1 1 1 SI 1' iI 11 r( M Cr I I I r: eteh at This h;. OTV; 'e- nJ..nVl mSbJ. waS life opl.nty The Indians were superstitious, but not a whit more so than many people in this year of grace 1915. jurers were men an shamans or "medicine of plant about $50,000. XT'- i j-. w l T3 -v t.- y4-5 r-VT vi f i d r aii J"?1""; -Newport News, Va., incorporated with rts of schemes to deceit their hLfl 1JA all their tribe. Severn Gravel & Sand Co., Balti- thn.i 'l. rli- V,nViUn- -waa alonff l mi v more, vlu., w iuuuvuicu " tin; .use and Tar rivers, rtatteras i; ees to this day. i ally, in many, if not most re 'rt.s.. ihe real dividing- line between th- n..rth and south, and so it' divided )" Indians. "me tribes of Indians were plti I' lMv small. Thus the Bear river trib1 nfiiiiated with the Tuscarora. had In lTf7 one town and fifty warriors; in Cnven county, on a tributary of the V i h river. "diatis Names' Meanings Knomi. turally there is much interest in ital stock of 70 000 to develop sand Aiie wniie ritxures Frankfort Chair Co., Frankfort. On the wall of the western Hall of Kv., was incorporated with capital History are the famous "White Pic- stock of $26,000 to manufacture tures," painted m 1587 ty Governor chairs, etc John White, of the "Roanoke Colony, in what, was then ealled "Virginia," PRKPAREI) FOR MBKRTY now North Carolina. These pictures about the various Broadway hostel- ries and arrivals of the week were, quite up to expectations. Among the visitors in the city from JVorth Caro lina were the following: Grand R. R. King. Jr., Greens boro; S. J. Ellis, Wilmington; I. M. Williams, Wilson; G. C. Mann, llai- eigh; S. B. Tanner, Charlotte; Wil liam Haas, New Bern, and J. Wal ton, Jr., Statesnlle. Latham J. G. Kyler, Goldsboro; T. J. McKay, Bolivia; and II. J. Mc Millan, Wilmington. V,-T-lr T. lUrVair Asheville: K. H. are tnluable. They are copies of Buncomho Convict Trties Stole and karamte, Charlotte; Captain J. F. tsusseiis. aouinpori, uuu r.. .ow-..i. 'Ii:tn names, which are numerous i Nonli Carolina. By good fortune tn.iny of these names were given by Tuseiiroriiu nnd the Cherokees, '"th of which tribes, or nations, have :i written language. Thus it is easy i' u-ll their meaning. The Indiana fu rally named places on account of peculiarity or incident and did th- s.j me as regards the naming of h-tr children. Thus in Tuscarora Chocowinity ir.r;,ns "The place of the Burnt Mrui." and Chockovotte "The Place "i tle Otter." In the Cherokee Na 'i -n is a boy named Kordoske. which hf.uis "Snade," because his mother, 1 "rying him on her back, was nearly by a spade which fell from a I'-P hill. Another Irdian there is the ones in the British Museum m London and are gifts to the Stnt from Col. Benehan Cameron. The United States- has in the National Stored Supplies. (Special to The News an'! Obserr). Asheville, April 3. That the vict ca.mi near f airview nss Greenville. con- , Broadwav Central N. F. Shivar. been khoWnn- A T? Miilett. Quintal: F. R. Rabel, Rocky Mount, and W. D. ITarrell, Wilmington. Herald Square W. II. Shepard. L. Pierson, Jr., Museum another set. and these three J robbd by the storage f small are alL Of eourse many engravings hiuantities of nrovision at a house of them have been made and in the Inea.rbv eaeh dav by trusties was ascer- eastern Hall of History is a rare vol- tained yesterday by Chairman W. E. ! statesville, and H ume containing the hrst or tnese en- Johnson, of the board of county com- Julian. gravings, made in I59(f. this volume rnissioners. who paid a visit to the eins aloan by Bishop Joseph Blount 1 press who occupies the house and Cheshire. The story told is by Harlot soured from her an admission that and it was first published m London LCertain convicts have been placing in 15S8. Inrovisions there for a month. Small " The "White Pictures." made by a Isliees of meat, cans of vegetables and remarkable man, who was, writer and paiis of lard have been taken to her artist, historian and governor alt at home bv trusties for storage until once, and whose "capital" on Roanoke their time expired. The thefts were Island was the first "City of Raleisrh." discovered when local policemen yes- are invaluable, particularly when terdav arrested "Happy John Albea, studied in connection with this Indian colored, as he came to Asheville after A. P. Ryhne. Mount Sinclair. Carthage. W. Graham, Oxford. H. Linsmore, Char- Marlborough Holly, and J. P. St. Denis A. Aberdeen R. lotte. Wallick W. IT. Stort, Greensboro. Algonquin IfL F. Morley. Wades boro. Ansonia Earl Smith, China Grove. Vanderbiit C. I. Burkhalde, Charlotte. McAlpin W. T. Brown. Winston- collection, which it is the writer's completing his term. Tn a burgy Salem; M. W. Shcok, Lincoln, and Hatred Conocotogah, which means ' funding Turkey" because his moth er . r .n i-. ,trr itiif(v tohbler. v lii.-b t;Hi ouite still and looked at Its advantage to those of all degrees h' r. unafraid. purpose to enlarge. Useful To The Student. It will readily be seen that the Hall of History is invaluable to students. Ia. Jackson. Salishury Mcans Cave l'cople. " h word Cherokee means "Cave People," in allusion to the numerous aven in the North Carolina moun tains where they have lived perhaps thousands of vears. The word Ca- tawha means "Divkled. or Separated." heoause they had been set off, or had fenaratcd themselves, from another tribe. The Indian stories, set out so at- in Raleigh cannot be estimated. It is nearly like getting history at first hand. ATI periods of the State are il lustrated by the objects which made the history and by pictures which have a direct bearing on the various pe riods; objects and pictures being chronologically arranged and synchronizing. Alaska last year shipped to the Uni ted States gold bullion valued at tractively in the North Carolina Hall 1 a76,015. SMITHRELD WINS w-hirh he drove were found twenty I M. pounds of bacon, 40 cans of vegeta bles, 10 bags of conee. five sacks of flour, 50 -pounds of susrar and blankets and clothing: provided for the con victs. He is charged with larceny. 1 Mirro, April 3. Smithfield defeated Mirro in a slugging match here today. For about 100 years Denmark has winning out in the ninth. At th end had a system of agricultural appren- of th ninth the count stood It to 11. ticeship to teach the practical side-of in favor of Smithfield. Smithfield farming. The boys serve three years made a quick double play in th- sixth on farms in different parts of the with two on base. countrv. spending one year on each The features of the game were the fprm and receiving a small wage, batting of Smith, Gordon and Kirs, of They report annually to the Royal i Smithfield; also Holland of Mirro. Danish Agricultural Society, sending; Batteries for Smithfield: Gordon in notes on their experience. intruc- and OUne; for Mirro, Davis, Balwin Etion and observation. fancf farce.