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RALEIGH, N. C MAY 4, 1915 VOL. C. NO. 70. M IDDLE NORTH CAROLINA A LAND OF OPPORTUNITY Bion Butler and the Doctor Finish Up That Trip From NorHk to Wil son Tell of the Wonderful Progress of Great Agricultural Counties to get away from us, and for several miles we were on dry land. I do not know where Wilson got its name, whether from Wilson whiskey, or Woodrow, or some of the rest of the COLON IE ltlON II. BUTLER. s I said, when you are down in thy Hound country and figure on going any where like enough you cross a bridge and then turn to tne rignt or U it. After the doctor had looked at considerable family that has come into tlu Ush until ne was neartDroKen ne prominence at one time or another. returned to the train, and instead of But whoever it was Wilson is not de- going on in the direction we were pending on its namesake to give it dis heading we backed down the road Unction. Wilson has the tobacco habit otne distance and caught the swing also. It makes close to ten million lor the bridge. When we crossed it pounds of tobacco a year, besides rather than turn to the dry country some million dollars' worth of other vo headed up the Tar river for Green- stuff, and if you look up street from ville. Everybody knows Greenville. It the station when the train stops and is the first tune that you learn to sing see the big tobacco warehouses and when vou start into cultivate your packing houses you half wonder if voice at the cross roads singing school, every body in Wilson is living on to ".Mi. tni. re, do. do," try it on the piano bacco. Huge brick buildings stand and vou will recognize it. Doc knew out in every direction, and they are He used by the big tobacco companies the town as soon as saw saw it is nn amateur musician. Creenville is a picturesque and pleasant little city, showing up at of the Union that exceeds this rec- ord, and it takes twenty million acres of land to do it, while North Carolina is not farming much over a quarter of that acreage Large Possibilities The land area of this bunch of counties is slightly over 3,157,000 acres. Of the total area not to ex ceed forty per cent is improved. Ap parently this group of counties by the methods of farming now followed could readily double the crop. By intensive methods nobody knows what could be done. But the present method is sufficiently well under stood that it could be carried out on more of the land. Which is to say that these eight counties could if tilled in the same way produce a crop worth for warehouses, and for packing and 1 . . . i ti - .... . , I vetiuiiiio, w tis in uuv. aiuiat- iiuusco. xt seems i licit luuatuo By DISASTROUS FIRE Ten Persons Known To Be Dead and Several Hundred injured 2 CITY BLOCKS DESTROYED Fire Started Shortly After Two O'clock in Heart of City and Went Beyond Control of Na tive Fire Brigade; High Wind Carries Blaze is a finicky product that can not be .. . i i . ..... tractivelv from tne car wmaow, ana cut trora tne stalk and run through iihlo to give a good account of itseii, the barn and then sold to the buyer ! for it is a seat of learning of conse- who wants to make a cigarette. It Muence, and the capital of a mighty has to be aged, like the rest of us, thrifty county, Pitt, named for the for age seems to improve a lot of Kreat Englishman, the Earl of Chat- things, no matter what Dr. Osier may ham. a friend of the colonies in their think. troubled days. One of the things T Tobacco is stored away in packing like about North Carolina is that about houses for two or three years if the Whole Section-Moving. that the North Carolina man has to go West to see a fine farm tell him to trek around over the veldt in his own State a little and change his mind, for he will sure pick up the evidence. From Pennsylvania to the Missouri will see a lot of fine farming country From Washington on the Tidewater of the Pamlico river to Raleigh he will see a lot of fine farms. And the farms from Washington to Raleigh have this advantage over the farms By simply tilling twice as much land in the territory of the eight counties they could produce as much in a year as one-sixth of all the crop made in Illinois, the foremost farm State of the Union. The possibilities of a country are of mighty little value unless the people are putting those possibilities to use. As we looked oufof the car window any old place you drop down in the man who owns it can let it stay that the country we were passing through in naimants are ready to snow you mai long, aunougn it seems mai men are . Tf nv hn(1v tpllcj vmi rillt lilt". J-eUlU-l it LHJ11 kjl. xiivav jciivi- I iiic cue oiiiaii uuj k anu mnutnuj ence at Philadelphia in 1776 the have to dig out the thingsthey have grouchy patriots jn the North Caro- stored away and take a look at them, lina county had been holding meet- The demand for bright leaf tobacco Ink's and declaring something fori has been so active of late that instead themselves. Pitt' is no exception, of allowing the leafjto season as long t larunuorougn, juiy x, xo, is mc 1 xa n aiiuum, x s ux u iu 10 river on a westward trin a traveler date when Pitt came into action. The brought out and manufactured ana 1 . - f; ' thing is refreshing. As a rule they as you might say. riai iru uui uy tVIIllUUUUllg i.ilO.. It v . the freeholders and inhabitants re- The progress this section is making i fcolve that we will pay all due alle- is wonderful. From 1900 to 1910 the ? giance to his majesty King George value of property in Wilson increased from Pennsylvania to Middle Kansas -.III," and about the time they get that from $3,003,000 to $8,164,000, or overl they do not have to be shoveled out i4i mey oegin ro worK meir kuivbh ni per cent, in Pitt tne increase Qf the snow in the spring before the , .ttiuunu irom oenina ineir uhcks mm i wa3 154 per cent., or irom ?4,J3o,uuu farmer can find a place to plant his announce tnat tney are "determined to ?11, 014,000. That is at the rate or corn. Eastern North Carolina, like nver to become slaves of any power nearly a million and a quarter a year the rest of the State, has climate, and on earth." I for the two counties. which is a nlimat is an as?pt that doubles the i ne put county resolutions were I mierhty creditable advance. This does real worth of a farm anvwhere. fcicned by "John Simpson, chairman," not include town property but is for Giving An Object Liesson. ana others and to clinch the thing! the farnts alone. The towns have This group of counties is showing xney issued another document m made remarkable advancements as itself what it can do with its farms, August following signed by 77 of the well. Greenville in the same time in- and incidentally anybody who is cu insurrectionists. When the time came creased in population from 2,565 to rious can see at the same time what mesrt men were on hand to show 4,101, and Wilson from 3,525 to 6,717, a North Carolina farm is capable of cause. I'itt has been on the maD ever land it e-oes without savins: that DrOD- dnine- Tn tViA tfn venrs frnm the ince. I rtv inr.reai?ft in the towns has been rnsiis of 1 ftflO to that of 1910 farm Pitt's Biff Tilings. I enormous. I property increased in value in Wilson Pitt is a irnod farminp p.mmtv. To-I This would not be of so much ac 171 per cent., or 17 per cent a year. l-acco is one of the big crops, ten mil- count if it were a finished job, but the in Wayne the rate was189, almost lion pounds beine the census fierures development is still going on. From My per cent a year. In Wake it was tor the county. What it could do in the car window it looks as if more is H8, in Pitt 154, in Nash almost 200 I 4 1 1 . 1 J. ? " I . r-v r ooacco if it had the people, would doing rgnt now man ai any urae ui per cent., or zu per cent a year, in make the anti-cigarette folks unhappy, the past, and u tne tooacco oeit oi Johnston over 212, or above 21 per Uut Iitt also makes other things. It the line from Washington to Raleigh cent a year, in Halifax 128, and in is one of the good cotton counties of 1 does not have some account to give Edgecombe 177. Is not that a right tne Htate, and it knows what to do 01 itseii wnen tne census man comes startling progress : Yet tne whole state when corn-nlantins: time comes, for it again he can be justihed in arresting of North Carolina shows an increase pulls down the big end of a million j it for false pretense. in the value of farm property in the, I'ikvhels of corn and that will make All tnese towns nave gooa ranroau ten years or lisu per cent., or 13 per n awful lot of pone trimmings for facilities, and tney are snowing tne cent a year, rne tarm property situa the greens and lowl A eounle of hun- 1 advantages of convenient transporta- tion in the old State is not so bad as dred thousand bushels of notatoes. a tion lines. The railroads are also I we might imagine is it? similar suddIv of neanuts. half a mil- I showing the advantages of the vast The Doctor is a big man in this .. - I .... . - V . . . . " J. I . x -r t 1 f . . Quantities 01 ireignt mai originates state. ie stanas six ieet tnree wnn in the big and little points along all out his shoes and weighs about 240. the lines. Cotton and tobacco and So every once in a wrhile somebody fruits and vegetables and such stuff came in the train and gave him the all pav freight. hailing sign, and sat down to talk to I don't know whether the people of us. Naturally during the course of North Carolina realize it or not, but the day we fell in with many differ right in the heart of this State, taking ent people and talked of many things in such counties as Pitt, Wilson, Edge- I I have positive assurance that the land combe, Halifax. Johnston, Nash, at every station from Currituck to Wayne and Wake is a district that Raleigh is the best the sun ever shone does not need to take off its hat very on. We had testimony from people often to any farm section any where, who got on the train from time to These eight counties make about one- time. Besides settling the war, and fifth of the crop of North Carolina, the taxation, and electing seven or eight total in the census year reaching close new governors, -and arranging the cot to 30,000,000 dollars, not counting ton acreage, and Poole as a home run fruits, lve stock, poultry and dairy artist with the Raleigh team, and how products and such things as that, many eggs to put under a hen we which run up into additional millions, considered the price of land. One At the same rate if the rest of the brother from somewhere in the high counties of the State kept up with school debating society belt informed these, the agricultural products of 1 us that this thing of advancing prices' North Carolina would amount to over j $350,000,000. Illinois is tha only State I (Continued on Page Two.) (By the Associated Irs Colon. April 30. More than half the city of Colon was swept by a dis astrous fire which started shortly after 2 o'clock this afternoon. Ten persons are known to be dead, including two native policemen and several hundred persons have in en injured while between 10,000 and VI. 000 others, mostly negroes- have been rendered homeless. The loss is estimated at about 1'. 000,000. The tire destroyed twenty-two citv blocks. Many arrests have been made for looting. The town is now under the . 3 - a j Kuaru oi a native police and two companies of the United States coast artillery who aided in fightintr the fire. Half the population have lost all their belongings. The fire started in the heart of the city and soon was beyond control of the native fire bri gade. The city's wooden bmldinKs burned like tinder. Most of th argest stores, all of them carrvina: heavy stocks of merchandise, wer directly in the path of the flames. A high wind was blowing at tho ime the fire broke out and late in the afternoon when it was spreading fast and myriads of sparks were be ing carried in the direction of Cris tobal, firemen in the canal zone be gan dynamiting buildings in the path of the flames. For a time these ef forts were fruitless, but the fire wa brought under control. All the banks in the city were de stroyed and part of the railway sta tion was burned. All that part of th city between Seventh street south to past Twentieth street and on Front street, eastward beyond Bolivar street was destroyed. hon pounds of grapes, forty or fifty thousand bushels of fruit, three or four million eggs, and that kind of stuff is what they make in Pitt county hen they are not at work in the to lacco and cotton fields. We left the Sounds behind us when we came over into Pitt, but the fine farms visible all along the road made up for it. Pitt county is a pleasing territory to watch scurrying backward past the car windows. The Grimes plantation brought up the question of the big things of the earlier days, and that started the history of the neighbor hood and the big men that have come from down in the vicinity, and before we knew it the Doctor was cross-examining a neighbor in the car about the training school out across the town at Ureenville. Ilustlinir Wilson. We were so much taken up with the scnool and the town and various things that we permitted the Tar river Ostriches Arc Cheap. Pittsburgh Chronicle-Telegraph. Pity the sorrows of the ostrich ranchers of Arizona, who find that their birds have depreciated in value from $150 to $5, with practically n market even at that figure. They have tried to utilize the big birds as food, but seem to have failed to de velop an appetite for half a spring ostrich on toast, or ostrich hash, or any other form of ostrich cookery, among the regular boarders at the Arizona hotels, or even among th transients who might be willing to sample a little of the white meat by way of curiosity. In former years there was a de mand for ostrich feathers which made the propagation of ostriches a profit able business in California and Ari zona, but the great ostrich feather market of the globe is in London, and in that metropolis plumes from our own west entered into competition with plumes from Africa, but the de mand was sufficiently large to take care of all shipments, until the war broke out, and the ostrich feather trade collapsed. Many birds have been turned loose in the Arizona wilds, because to keep them and feed them under the circumstances is a loosing proposition. As that country is favorable to the development of the ostrich, large flocks of these great birds are likely to be found in Ari zona in days to come. Cows will fall off in milk if water is not within easy reach. When in full flow of milk they require, it Is claimed, fifty per cent more water than when .dry- l; H s ,3i ' 9 i i s ! i - f i' t :i . J : 1 --: 1 - i 1 . , 't.r.