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THE FARMER AND'MECHANIC.
13 ATTITUDE TO CHRISTIANS IN ASIATIC TURKEY THREATENING Pictures of Massacres Posted in Schoolrooms Said to Have Been Sent by Government Teachers Compelled to Inculcate Emotion of Hatred and Contempt. ft pat m COAST w southern Missionary News Bureau Ida Clyde Clarke, Editor. letters from Asia Minor describe an Mtitude on the part of some of the Turks in authority that looks very threatening toward Christians of any );i.e aside from the Germans. Correspondents of the American Von rd in Asia Minor describe the mor ial terror in which Christians in that i -ion of Asiatic Turkey are kept be . ;uise of the threats for the future and l.ecause of the daily outrages. Greeks in one city were imprisoned simply for .i-ing the Greek tongue. Horrible pictures of bioody massa . res and outrage are posted in school rooms. "On the walls of a school for little girls, for instance," says one letter, "hangs a lurid scene in blood im1 and white. Headless bodies lie around' hands, arms, feet from all of which blood streams. In the center stands a Christian hacking an old man to death. On all these pictur.es are words certain to rouse bitter fan aticism The teachers say these pictures are sent by the government, and declare that they are instructed also to teach the children poems which inculcate hatred and contempt. One hodja on Leing reasoned with merely stamped his foot and said: "So will we grind these enemies under our feet." The Ited Cross has entered upon re lief work in various cities in Asia Minor. In one place, the board's cor respondent reports, while $3-500 was turned over to the authorities, the Christians were denied any aid ex cept a few boards for huts; but to Moslems were given olives, oil, wood, cofr, bread, etc. The Greek orthodox community and the Gregorians fared no better than the Protestant Chris tians. With the allies bearing down upon Constantinople from both east and west, it is pertinent to question- "How will the fanatical Moslem act if Tur key collapses? Will the Turk hasten to make the best terms possible for himself and therefore try to make friends with these hated Christians, or will he carry out the threats and kill and plunder all within his reach in the short time left him?" The representatives of the American board for the most part seem to ex liect little trouble. Years of kindness in the past and the help and friend- deavor society has great problems in me JtsaiKans. The Lord Jesus will bring it out right, even without my service, since I must now go to the war. It is bitter that I must now go with weapons against those to whom a few weeks aero I nrenched nf thp Lord for Peace. God make me strong." Vegetation on "Bogue Banks" R From Tropic to Hardest of Tern ate Zone. arises UNDAUNTED I1Y WOUNDS A Layman's Observation. Mr. J. P. McCallie of the Southern Presbyterian church, just returned from a tour of the world, savs: "In Japan we witnessed such sights as well Db British Prisoners, Permanently abled, of Good Cheer. London cable to Washington Post. In crossing from Flushing to Folke- filled or crowded churches, the zealous stone tne spirits of the first batch of preaching of individual Japanese and Permanently disabled rritish prison- a general willingness to hear on the ers remained undaunted. Strong, part of the people that convinced us virile soldiers they were; now physical that now was as great a day for the wrecks- yet though they have lost Christian message as Japan has ever leS or arm or eyesight, their heart has seen. One of the evidences of the never been shaken, greatness of the influence of Chris- Most of their stories went back to tionity in Japan is the fact that tne earl' dark days, when the little Buddhism has become awake to the English force was making such des- danger of being superseded and has Pirate efforts to hold back the flood installed Christian methods in no less of invasion that was engulfing P,el- than twenty-three different ways by gium. Of 1,200-odd prisoners who our count. In China the one oppor- have at last returned to England after tunity largely lacking in Japan the weary months of waiting and ooncen- opportunity for Christian education tration, the most date their disability is furnished plentifully. G overnment I lons and the fights of the great education is sunine- and the ohurrh retirement has her great chance." In the cabin lay Private Jones, of the Middlesex regiment. He was first hit by a rifle bullet in the left. leg. The bone was shattered, and he fell. He lay for hours during the heart of con flict, hoping in vain for rescue. Sud denly his hopes died with the echo of an exploding sharpnel. The base of the man-killing pro jectile crashed into his other leg, striking the knee and tearing off the The complete Bible in Taga- struck his body. The German line of The Bible In the Philippines. v In the Philippines, very manv dif ferent languages and dialects are cur rent among the islands of that great archipelago, Tagalog, however, is the cnief language in Manila, and the cen tral provinces of Luzon, as well as in many of the smaller islands and is spoken altogether by about 1,500,000 people log was the earliest to be printed in any language of the Philippines, and was first published at Manila in 1905. Since that date, the Old Testament has been revised by the Rev. C. N. Magill of the American Presbyterian Mission, who has been assisted in the task by educated Filipinos. He has also pre pared a set of references for the New Testament, in the text of which he has made certain necessary corrections. This revised Bible is now being printed. From Many Lands. In the year 1814 there were 700,000 uness extended in tne last rew montns Christians of all communions and have- they believe, laid such founda- races in India; now there are 3,876, tions of trust that the common peo- 203. In India about one person out of pie will not carry out the cruel or eighty-six is a Christian. Of India it bloody plans of some Moslem lead- can be said that th ere? remains miirVi ers. Many of these Americans, in- land yet to be possessed. ueeu, are looking forward to greater intimacy and helpfulness than ever before growing out of the shared troubles of recent times. The Chinese postoffice handled 150, 000,000 more articles in 1914 than in 1912. The Gospel Among Refugees. Never before, though he has The First Baptist church in Dallas. Tex., gave last year $93,324 for all preached in some large churches, has purposes. Of this amount, $15,889 Mr. S. Levermore of the London Open was used for local expenses and $77 Air Mission preached in one like the 435 was for missions. The First Bap mighty open-air church at Folkestone, tist church in Shreveport, La., gave England, with its great throng of $58,000 for all purposes. Of this Belgian and French refugees, "a lib- amount $8,000 was for local expenses eral sprinkling of the military and al- and the rest for missions. In one ways a crowd of English, excited and case, eighty-three per cent was given curious." for outside purposes and in the other, Mr. Levermore, writing in the Ca I eighty-seven per cent. nadian Churchman, says: "I heard the resonant accents of the French The missionaries in China have been tongue on every hand. . . . My almost overwhelmed with opportuni- satchel was filled with French gospels ties for carrying out the recommenda- and Testaments, a white band upon tions of the national missionary con- ny sleeve bore the words, La Mission ference in 1913 in favor of co-opera- en Plein-Air, 19 John St., Londres, N. -., and I became the center of at traction for the Gauls- who straight way appropriated me as belonging to themselves." During the long waitii.g for the boats, I approached, saying: "It is of ten more painful to wait than to suf fer." tion of missionary the government. institutions with The Shanis education officials offered the entire charge of the public school system in eight counties, with a popu lation of 4,000,000, to the missionaries advance passed him as dead. He was picked up and taken to a Belgian hos pital. For six months he lay in the care of the good Mme. Bradunt. The leg with the broken kneecap will not heal. As Private Jones finished his story, he said: "But when I get back home it will heal. It only needs a little touch of British soil to heal it." In the next cabin was Private Smith of the Royal Rifles. Smith was a foot ball player. His right leg was cut off from the hip. "Better than losin' two legs," said Private Smith, "an lots better than losin' your 'ead. I'm satisfied if the government is." No word of complaint, no self-pity. Just a soldier playing the game. An other of the men wras a sergeant in the Grendier Guards. His right leg was gone above the knee. Still an other he had the regimental marks torn from his tunic had lost his left foot. In a darkened cabin he's Private Brown. He has five scars on his face where the German bullets entered The cabin is darkened because he cannot see. . As he lies stretched out on his bed it is not difficult to esti mate he is over 6 feet tall and more than 13 stone. Out of the semidark- ness came the crude wrords of "It's a lvtv 1 n TWT rt 1 T 4 TiTMai-O TIT ' ' Oil Tl in a minor key. It so happened that the English wounded met the Germans in the waiting room of the station at Flush ing. There they saw these men wrell dressed. They themselves were cloth ed in the ragtag and bobtail of the field hospital. As to their rations while with the Germans, the men made no complaint. "They gave us as good as they had themselves," they said. P. E. Hice. land and ir.duMrial agent of the Norfolk Southern Rail road, here today, told of a wonder land almost unbelievable. Mr Rice has just lias just visited " The Pines." as it is officially known, more popu larly referred to as ;ogue Bank?,' stretching from Whiteoak river on the south to Beaufort inlet on the north "There isn't as queer a place in the whole country." declared Mr. Kice. who is an Ohioan and has traveled pretty much over the entire country, says a Kinston special of Friday. Mr. Rice describes the Panks island, which in few places is more than a mile wide, as an agricultural El Dorado. The vegetation ranges almost from the tropic to the hard iest of the temperate zone growth. The most freakish thing about it i the sudden change from the tropic and semi-tropic to the temperate. Just as if a line were drawn, almost per fectly straight, north and south along the entire length of the island, the division is startlingly apparent. On one side of the imaginary line, the side next to the ocean, palms and shrubs and vines of distinct hot cli mate varieties thrive, almost run riot. On the other side, although there in no perceptible change in the terrain, the plant growth is temperate to the utter exclusion of the tropical. There are great quantities of dogwood and other hard woods on the sound side, and the woods are magnificent. The part of this extraordinary condition hard to understand is that when on crosses this imaginary line into the temperate" country the trees tower. straight and graceful, many feet abov those on the "tropical side," which are- gnarled and stumpy. There are places on the island, Mr. Rice firmly be lieves, where frost has never touched. He reiterates the claim of other ad mirers of this wonderland that any thing that can be grown in the Ber mudas or in the central part of North Carolina can be produced on "The Pines." The view from one of the high sand dunes is beautiful. The marshes are extravagant in color. with myriad lilies and wild flowers. and the woods are a riot of white and green and blossom shades. Bogue Banks, Mr. Rice states, is intended to become an exclusive re sort place unexcelled in the country. For twenty miles along the beach in an automobile track, a natural course that will not have to be touched to improve. The bathing from the sfa beach, where the water, warmed by the Gulf stream, is almost always of ideal temperature, is possible almost the year through- Deer and other game abound, but are protected by law IN REFRIGERATOR CAR 7 DAYS. DR. POTEAT TO LECTURE of the American board, full liberty be- "Vous avez raison," they cry. I ing granted to teach Christianity. Goes Then I say, "We have a little hymn in English that is often a great comfort to me." Translating into French ".Jesus, Lover of My Soul," or "How Sweet the Name of Jesus Sounds," I begin to sing, the people gather, and the rest is easy. Preaching, can vassing, singing, translating, writing letters, and even giving lessons To Texas To Deliver Six dresses at Seminary. Ad- A hall of evangelization and ortho doxy was lately opened in Cario, Egypt to train Moslem missionaries for work in Japan, South Africa and Europe. French and English, all pave the way for "the one thing needful." The total increase of pupils of all kinds of schools in British India in in the years 1912-1913 was nearly 400, A pathetic letter addressed to Dr Francis E. Clark of the Christian En deavor society by a teacher in Croatia 000. Only twenty-nine per cent of boys and only five percent of girls of school age are in school in India. In spite of the heavy burden that Holland is bearing in the support of Austria, who devotes his summers and Belgian refugees, the leading mission- all his frp timo in cihristinn Endeavor ary societies report tnat nnanciai work, is one of those sidelights on the anxiety, so far as the present ear is war which give it its vital human sig- concerned, has been entirely removed. nificance. This teacher writes: "For four weeks I have borne the Christian For the first time the Chinese gov Endeavor banner through the Bal- ernment has sent ten women students kans. I was obliced to cut off four- all of them Christians, to America, teen days of the journey planned and under the indemnity fund hasten home on account of the politi cal unrest. Here the war call of my I The remarkable demand for worn earthly king suddenly reached me, an's education is making itself felt which I must obey early in the morn- not only among Hindus and Christians ing. Unfortunately, I have not time but also among Moslems, whose girls enough for a complete report. Every- now go readily to school, where there is an earnest longing for The student volunteer missionary salvation in Christ. Everywhere I union of England has registered fifty had to promise either to return or to per cent "hiore volunteers since the war send a secretary. The harvest is ready began than during the correspo iding at the door, and the Christian En- period in the year previous. Wake Forest. May 1. President William Louis Poteat left this after noon for Fort Worth, Texas, where he will deliver a series of six lectures before the South Western Baptist Theoloerical Seminary. The lectures will be delivered from Wednesday, May 5th to Friday, 7th. After this engagement he leaves Forth Worth for Houston where he will attena Two Starving Stowaways Almost Frozen on Transcontinental Trip. The Philadelphia Record. Seven days locked in a refrigerator car, with the temperature at 40 de grees, three of the days without food, was the experience that nearly cost the lives of two Philadelphia men. who were making their way back home from California. They are John Ledles and James Bellew. Lieut. Horn, of the Pennsylvania Railroao, police, discovered them in a half- conscious and nearly crazed condition when he inspected cars on a fruit and produce train that arrived at 1 for tieth and Chestnut streets. The two men were found in a heap in a nttie section mat nau ueen cieui ed of the greens. When the officer reached them they were unable to speak. As quickly as possibly they were taken to the University iiopitai. where vigorous measures were re. sorted to, with the result uiat tney were brought around suflici' nily to tell enough to explain their presence in the car, which was kept at the low temperature by ice in compartment at the ends. rI hev said tney naci a portion of the Southern Sociological startf.d from California on the" train Congress and tne boutnern bapusi witn the idea that it was a fast freight Convention. and that it would reach this city in The general topic for all six ot the nv,mit five davs. Enough corned lectures to be delivered Dy uoctor meat. bread, and other edibles were Poteat is Christianity and Culture, taken along to last through the trip. The lectures will maintain the thesis that Christianity originated in the midst of the best culture of its time, and when it has not been miscon ceived it has been the nourishing mother of the best culture ever since. Doctor Poteat will stop off in At lanta tomorrow and will address the Mens Bible Class of the First Baptist church in the morning, he goes di rectly from Atlanta to Fort Worth. The world's record sugar planta tion contains 13,000 acres, 20 miles of railway and employs 1,500 people. It's a good brand of fertilizer that will raise a mortgage. they thought, but the supply gave out in four days. VILLA CLAIMS VICTORY. His Troops Clash With Obrcgon Ad vance Guard. (By the Associated Pr-s?. El Paso. Texas, April 30. A batt! was fought yesterday between two of Villa's brigades and the Obregon ad vance guard at Trinidad, according to an official Villa statement reaching here today. It was said the Carranza troops were defeated, retreating to Siloa. It was stated that the enemy tost six hundred dead, while the Villa losses were placed at 140 killed. MM 1 U . i. u t - ft 1. fx J $ 1 M - I it " t t - r 1 ' I th