THE FARMER AND MECHANIC,
' i ;
I . . ... . :
The Farmerand Mechanic
weekly, non-partisan paper for
the home, farm, school, factory
RALEIGH, N. C.
Communications in Agricultural Topics and
Questions Relating to Labor and Education in
vited. THE FARMER AND MECHANIC,
Raleigh. N. C.
Entered at the postoffice at Raleigh, N. C, as
fctond-class mail matter.
ALL FOR $1.70
There lias never leen offered In Nortli Caro
lina so much good reading for so little money as
vc arc offering under the following proposition:
For $1.70 we will send the following for one
Thc Weekly News and Observer, an eight
page weekly newspaper.
Tlio Commoner, an able monthly journal,
published by William Jennings Bryan.
Thc Farmer and Meclianlc, sixteen page
Nortli Carolina home and farm weekly journal.
Thus for One Dollar and Seventy Cents you
can get all these papers one year.
. C. MOORE, Manager.
THE NOTE AND TB RESIGNATION.
(Second Corinthians ix:7.)
EVERY man according as he purposeth in his
heart, bo let him give; not grudgingly, or
of necessity: for God loVeth a cheerful giver.
TUci. ycdv. yon
V. Frank Booker, Apex, N. C)
AS oft as good old Summer comes we be
gin to inobolize against the enemy that
buzzes and hums tlie pesky troublesome Hied.
Our great grandfathers long years ago, fought
just such battles I ween, 'gainst this peace
brakin, hcalth-takin' foe, and today we're an
the scene, with swatters in the hands of all while
the liattle rages on, and
Till: ENDLESS WAR though their fortress
may not fall, we'll fight
till life is gone. Our soldiers that we leaie
behind, the- unfinished work will take; them
Ktrongty fortified they'll find and at once be
gin to make war against the prevalent tribe from
Murphy to Manteo and every mothers son will
war for health against the foe. And methinks
that in the great beyond when we get our starry
crown, the number of these foes we've slain,
Will measure our renown. Then let us follow
General Sanitation, stand bravely In the battle
line, nnd we'll be serving all creation with the
greatest service to mankind!
The Colonel made a most desperate effort to
get back on the front page in his revision of
opinion about President Wilson.
The interest being shown in the outcome of
the war by the women of Great Britain is mani
fest, for reports are that 79,946 have registered
for war work, of these 1,916 having been utilized.
The American horse is being fed into the maw
of war at a great rate. There have been shipped
alone from the National Stock Yards of East
St. Louis more than 150,000 horses, to the Eng
lish, French, Belgian and Italian armies.
Labor is to be recognized on a new issue of
gold dollars. The coin will bear the face of a
laborer and will commemorate the Panama
Pacific Exposition. It is to be stamped 'ery
shortly at the mint in San Francisco.
Wre do not wish him any harm, but of there is
fin aeroplane in flying service at the State" en
campment of the North Carolina military this
year we trust Adjutant General Y'oung will take
a ride- in it.
We have been waiting with bated breath to
hear some of the punsters of the press refer to
the name of the Secretary of State ad interim as
one with great melody in it. Lansing, you see!
The Germans perhaps think there is a harsh
note in it!
Missouri gets right into the limelight, with
Columbia as the center of it. The announce
ment has been made that Bennett Clark, son of
Speaker Champ Clark, is to wed Miss Helen
Morton Robnett, of Columbia, Mr. Clark is 25
years old and is clerk at the Speaker's table in
the National House of Representatives.
Since the resignation from the Cabinet as
Secretary of State by Mr. Bryan and the publi
cation of the eecond note to Germany on the
linking of the Lusitania the newspapers of the
country have been busy in discussing both sub
jects, and the discussion still goes on with com
plete support of the course of President Wilson.
Since the publication of Mr. Bryan's letter to
the German -Americans the tone of newspapers
which were extremely bitter towards him have
measurably softened. Some papers in the coun
try which have been noted in the years for criti
cism of Mr. Bryan on almost any old pretext
have made use of the present matter to turn
loose thir vials of wrath upon him, finding no
good in him at all. Other papers, while depre
cating the course he has taken have agreed that
it was engaged in upon principle, that while
they were at entire disagreement with him, they
regarded his act as that of a brave and courage
ous man, without ulterior motive.
The country had made up its mind even be
fore the issuance of the second note to Germany
that it was going to abide by the course of Presi
dent Wilson, that his wisdom and knowledge
could safely be trusted to handle the situation.
On the issuance of the note it wras found that
they were amply justified in the faith they had
put in the President, that the note he had dis
patched to Germany was not an invitation to
war, but that in it there was only insistence
upon the position taken in the previous note,
that humanity and international law prevail,
that American shipmasters and American pas
sengers find no hindrance from Germany in the
uses of the open seas. Humanity and American
rights form the keynote of the note, and the
gravity of the matter is impressed upon Ger
many, which is called upon to give assurance
tliat there will be no attempt at the abbrevia
tion of these.
The country is with the President. It holds
that he has asked of Germany only those things
he should have asked. He has put the position
of the United States before the world in such
calm and courageous words as to win admiration
and demand a hearing from Germany. That
nation in making its answer should hold in mind
that the note of President Wilson is underwrit
ten by the people of the United States, that it is
JAPANESE AID NEEDED.
There is conjecture over the country as to
the Value of the Japanese to the Allies in the
war. When Japan first went in there were some
German warships and Kiao Chow in China to
be looked after, but the since the Japanese
forces have attended to those matters "there has
been silence as to anything being done by Ja
pan in behalf of the Allies.
It now appears that Japan has been the sup
ply depot for keeping the Russians in equipment
and munitions of war, that while Japan has
been engaged in affairs with China it has held
up shipments to the Russians, that by rea
son of lack of war material is to be found the
cause of the sudden collapse of the victorious
westward march of the Russian armies, that at
Przemysl the absolute need of war material was
a prime factor in Russian defeat.
At the beginning of the war Japan was ready
to sell war material to Russia, and it is said
that it furnished ammunition, and small arms,
and after the successful siege of Kiao Chow
that it sent cannon to Russia, the Japanese fac
tories and metal works executing rapidly great
contracts for that country. When the negotia
tions with China reached a critical phase the
Japanese are said to have held up shipments of
military supplies to Russia as a precautionary
measure and the effect was felt almost at once
on the far Russian front, for Russia has limited
manufacturing facilities and its armies had
about exhausted all reserve ammunition.
Now that Japan can again send powder, shot
and shell to Russia the armies of that nation
may be able to make a better showing than they
have been making of late. No army can get
along without fighting material, and if the re
port as to Japan and munitions of war is correct
then it offers one reason for the backward move
ment of the Russian army which had been push
ing on into Galicia.
THE DAY OF TTIE INVENTOR.
The war in Europe is making this the day of
the Inventor. Modern war equipment must bo
met by modern war equipment, and new inven
tion follows new invention, each nation seeking
to get the very latest instrument of destruction
and to find some counteracting invention which
will prove an offset to the new equipment of
Ever increasing is the list of inventions wltfc
have to do with war equipment. In Franc? ef .,
is a special committee of scientists which 5
ploring the field of invention so as to rh., -vA
best things for the French army. And in o m
other nations at war there is the s.in.e ft.
for inventions to aid in war.
One result has been to bring to the rr . ,.4
committee many freak inventions. One of
most novel of proposals submitted was th o
barking of dogs might be used to advaxt.i-,.
The committee was advised to tie revolver- ,
the heads of dogs with the triggers attache.
wires to the animals jaws so the weapons uiri
be discharged automotically when the (!(.t:i
barked. Another idea submitted was to train
falcons to carry into the air an apparatus wh:ch.
would receive missiles dropped from Zt-i j.i;rSi
The freak inventor has his day by reason v the
war, and he is multiplying.
INCREASING WORK OF YALl i:.
The work which is being done by the North
Carolina Historical Commission is one of in
creasing value to the State. If the people g n
erally could visit the offices of the Commissi,
in Raleigh and see the work which is goinp ,sa
under the able supervision of Mr. R. D. W. r n
nor they would be unanimous in declaring that
the State did a most wise thing when it cr at d
Lately there have been many additions
value to the collection of letters and documt nts
of great historical interest and more largely a
people who have such things in their poss.s
sion sending them to the Commission. If it is
not desired to give these historical papers they
can be loaned to the Commission and they win
be preserved and kept in safety, while they are
thus made available in giving fuller data on the
history of the State.
All visitors who come to Raleigh should in
form themselves of the work being done by the
Historical Commission, for knowledge of what
is being done will be of value, and seeing this
may inspire others to add to the collection whirh
is going on steadily.
Pictures are seen in the papers showing the
great stored-up quantities of food in the pus
session of Germany, and a reduction of one rent
in the price of bread has been announced in
London. There seems to be no starving out of
the war of any of the nations.
There is no lack of soldiers taking part in th
war, but there is the lack of munitions of war
being shown. To help along this line all Frer.eh
soldiers capable of turning out shell have be n
ordered back from the front to work in the fac tories.
We also make salutations to Dr. Henry Mr
genthau, Ambassador of the United States f
Turkey. The honorary degree of Doctor of
Laws has just been conferred on Ambassador
Morgenthau by Constantinople College.
The deplorable accident by which a baby was
severely injured in a fall from the second story
window of a Raleigh hotel Friday night is i
warning to all people to see to it that window
screens are fixed firmly in place.
How pleasant it would be for the pedestrian
in Raleigh if the City Commissioners wmiM
direct that decent sidewalks be put down in
places in this city where they are badly need. d.
Some of the sidewalks are horrible to cont m-plate.
"The great exportation of foodstuffs from tie
United States is a direct notice to the farm-:s
of North Carolina to get as busy as can I a
raising such crops. That kind of farming pays
and it makes it so that there is always something
to eat at home. The "hog and hominy" farm, r
is the farmer with a head on him.
How thoughtless it is for the brethren of in
state pressto be wondering what any editor
of South Carolina will say to any editor of North
Carolina when the associations of the two Stat
meet in annual session. The answer is "Mm;
treat" of course! Foolish question No. 99, SSL. -999.
North Carolina should be proud of the rec
ord made in county commencements. They
should multiply till there is a county com
mencement in each of the hundred counties of
the State. As Editor Archibald Johnson s
in Charity and Children: 'We feel better abot
old North Carolina every time we witness th
parade of a county commencement. We ar
not going1 to grovel in the dust forever. Tn
next generation will be better citizens than th-:
present one because they will know more, a
knowledge is power."
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