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SUBSTITUTE FOR GENERAL STUFF New Navy Advisory Council Takes Place of The Aide System MANY OFFICERS PRAISE IT Removes Buffets Who Stood Between The Secretary of The Navy and The Officers Actually at The Head of Things; Efficiency The End in View (Washington Correspondence New York Evening Post.) When Secretary of the Navy Jose phus Daniels discontinued the aide system in the administration of the Navy Department and substituted therefor the advisory council, com posed of all the officers holding posi tions of Presidential appointment rank In the Department, he brought down upon his head the strictures of those who worship a particular system as a fetish and of those who would estab lish a general staff in the navy along Prussian lines. What Secretary Dan iels has done to the administrative machinery of the Department by the substitution has been to retain all the good features of the aide system, so far as they went in the way of direct and effective administration, without, at the same time, engrafting the gen eral staff Idea on the navy. The sub stitution, it may be said, is the result of experience and careful considera tion of every possibility involved. Under the regime of Secretary George von L. Meyer, the aide system came into being. As a result of it, there came to be in the Navy Depart ment a duplication of work in many instances, and a multitude of corre spondence between officers occupying THE FARMER AND MECHANIC. SECRETARY DANIELS AND HIS ADVISORY COUNCIL 1 i - 4 . :v:x-:-vi i i v IN o 0 o 9 V? NT Standing Left to right: Surgeon Richmond C. Holcomb, Acting Chief Bureau of Medicine an. Captain Ridley McLean. Judge Advocate General; Major-General George Barnett, Commandant V. s M,,nn Corps; Paymaster General Samuel McGowan; Rear-Admiral Joseph Strauss. Chief. Bureau of Ordn t;, fhr Constructor David W. Taylor; Commander D. W. Wurtsbaugh, Aid to the Secretary. Seated Left to right: Civil Engineer Homer R. Stanford, Chief Bureau Yards and Docks; Hear a. I mini! Wm. S. Benson, Chief of Naval Operations; Secretary Daniels; Rear Admiral Victor Blue, Chief of I'.ut. a i if Navigation; Rear-Admiral R. S. Griffin, Chief, Bureau of Steam Engineering. son has broader powers than have ever been enjoyed by his officer pre decessors, but he cannot expend a dollar or give an order to another offi cer, and enjoys only those powers Kiven to him by the Secretary in the line of large movements. In taking the steps he has, Secre- desks almost in adloinine rooms. In tary Daniels conferred with Admiral nractiee the svstem became a buffer 1 Dewey. Admiral A. G. Winterhalter, between the Secretary of the Navy and other officers of recognized abil- J T0sed of in a ereneral council more and the officers who were actually I ity in the navy and received their en- rapidly and efficiently than if one good, why the President has not adopted the aide system in standing off his Cabinet officers. Has Held First Meeting. The new advisory council has held its first meeting and the subject con sidered was aeroplanes for the navy. Several bureaus in the Department are interested in this problem, and the whole subject can certainly be dis- NESTORIAN CHRISTIANS KILLED BY THOUSANDS Twentieth Century Martyrs t Faith In Persia Victims of the Cruel Turks. Davidson. July 3. Rw Isaa. K. Yohannon, of Urumiah, Persia, .mi well known to this community through doing the work in the Department. In 1 Ure approval. At the same time, he man had to trot around and inter- other relatives and his son. who some instances it became a means of nas oeen graunea to receive tne com- view each bureau chief separately, es- a student of Davidson vprai .hm suppression of news as to what was mendation of many high officers or pecially if there was a conflict of ago, has written a letter to a friend in aciuauy iranspinng in tne department me navy wno we uui wuncu M views. Furthermore, the time of each this country bearing date of April 26 so far as the Secretary who was advance on the pto boi of ijhom interested officer will be saved by the in which he gives a graphic account" Charged with the highest responsibil- have frankly disagreed with Wm in Council method. One of the ques- of tbP horrorftn whic h the vt,.riiin Ity, was concerned. tne past on matters oi poncy in me tions soon to be considered is sub- r,i-tcQa tv,,,,,; .,, um Where Duties Clashed. Department. 1 marine boats, in which the Bureaus in nnn in rKa v,'. . ;u,t. the Meyer As was stated above, under the old Gf Construction and Repair. Engin- Z'V , ' The four aides under Tlan were the advisers of the Secre- plan Secretary Daniels was unable to I eerine- and Ordnanre. arP interAsfed. tary of the Navy on operations, ma- get into direct touch with the bureau in the meantime, throughout the en terial, inspection, and personnel. The I chiefs in the Department. He wanted I tire week. th doors of SAerAtaj-v rfl.n- active officers in charge of the actual to harmonize the conflicting elements, ieis office will be open to any officer work in these lines reported to them reduce red tape and bufferism to a ana- member of the council who de- ln stead of to the Secretary. The Sec- minimum, and bring technical and sires to discuss 'with him in advance retary found out what his aides per- tactical problems, business, and pro- any question of administration or de- mitted him to know tnd whatever else gress into such relationship that every tail which "mav or ma v riot finallv he could find nut in the routine of I ansrle of everv auestion mieht effl-1 office. In practice the aide for opera- cienUy and speedily be disposed ot eration. In other words, the routine rucfif. some burned ahe. tions conflicted and duplicated the directly by the most interested offl-1 Qf the Department will continue asl hansed some whlle al!ve havf" . worK ox me cnier or tne Bureau or 1 ciais. heretofore. wavigation. regarded under the old Personnel of Council. There is no politics, either partisan ril Therefore, when the Secretary d-1 2T fJS?! JP. - "r.c 'v v' I 1 A 1 1 .4mAnr fwi. AO CVIUCUWJ Oi LUIS iaCL department under the Secretary and JT ? y,rtTtdth; Daniels has kept all of the bureau "All their villages, about HO in number have been destroyed, all th houses and churches burned, every thing has been pillaged, nothing Iff to live on, all were driven away from their homes in the deep snow and severe cold. More than 2,000 of them have been killed, some shot, pome 8 8cta- VikIse on their jobs throughout the oi naviganon came into connict witn I r : VZ"'r " J "V rJi i a, fun four their tongues, lips, ears, lingers or hands cut off. Some have bwn muti lated, and their heads crushed. Others have been thrown into wells and pit, and others still have been beheaded. trie "To most of these vi runts t7,e wo?k of the 'lide Vr pon ' e marine corps. f d the . tajgj de- "Z wou.a The inspection work done in the Navy P"1 h'chi P,01!8. L?5eff AndrSw? forme? aTde ner,L deny Jesus Christ, but the :hrisuni Department itself made the aide for SSpSfrSnd of ose place was filled when the of- refused and sealed their faith wit inspection almost unnecessary, for the wiwoh rimP into official ficcs of cnief of navigation and aide their blood, 20th century mrtyrv reason that every bureau in the de- wAhi?h SHo- for personnel were combined: It is "More than 300 girls from fo of was e-iLinrr ivnirh woo a hM(ai nha.ir -..m ov . i ,f - . n .- .. " ' 1 y. 4.S 1 1-J IcauuvillL O.L Lilt! fllll 1)11 v luitiiru . on the Inspectors than an insDection I 01 per"""f:, T their terms. As the nnmnf tim "About 15.000 nrsons. I 1 V V . , f T2liran of Ordnance I "a-a-i wi"vcxo sx ue iuxs aweraDiea in l xnem women ana cnuuini, - - could be. As a result of this situation orlne ?u 01 rar; the Department thft hirtP.,t h. Amn vrri in th re- aol "l.y1"" "mue l"e. cniei oi xne . WtlMM111 f RtMTT, Hnrin? reau cmeis ever brought together in (Urumiah). But even th:s i:a xsureau ot navigation his aide for per- -"r. Aor history of the navy. Rear-Ad- attacked often and som of tr- sonnet . and the aide for material he- Bureau of Construction and miral nas a world-wide repu- fugees taken away and hanp- tSlh? hieH adViiT t0h2 25" ReJSr Construction and n a naval construct while others fined heavily are stil! u ianr rTun wa; tA Vo"' . t Rear-Admiral H. R. Stanford, Chief r1"1"1""33 Is "eciaea. f eing massacred - w v&avTb oh uuilvt rV veil the ranking officers of the fleet to I "Up to this time more than a -. -r J ja TTV . 1- the Secretary and the man who was "1 "re be the best authority on orrir,,, i fr Rctuallv flnlnp thA wrV 5 tha anarr 1 lear-Aamirai oamuei mcuvwau, m."i. n - ui me reiugws nave 5Snt hiiJ 5t th72llinHo ??r Chief of the Bureau of Supplies and the 1navy'.1. Jn1.r colleagues are of neas, fear and other causes. nil111! UL Accounts. eq.aal in their respective -At the berinning of the i r?u svm vw.r.a wo u uii aumg Poor. AH m i t- 1 W r- Tr54tA Hhief spneres. . fmlT wth it smed th.i wtSe ,S2k"TSi Bureau of Medicine and Sur- u SSM Jr on luat the same, everv hnreau commandant of the Marine Corps. nJL , !eswho we5e of my family I with some oth nB.Vin;ha i;; 0Tov Capt. Ridley McLean, Judge-Advo- wn? are Urumiah. thinkinir my abn . . . u u . ' n t v. M . . . i iiMn iiiiiiifer i iih flnrirai r v i i - tiw ' 1 bi as before, and reporting defects in- caXe General of the Navy. stead of through a buffer. Post of CI lief of Operations. v "cuvio. yt. y3. Denartment nndei- v " 1VT 1 De niy ior a iew ai Ex-Secretary Meyer has seen fit toone object in -view to get the work I great dismay soon the get the work ur i Kurds advanced against criticise the formation of this council done m ffiritw c,, The next step taken by Mr. Daniels I on the ground that the officers who j possible He has sought for massacres began, the road.- t I to go to Congress for legislation 1 are members of it have not time to do jn each line uoon which tnV i blocked, all communiocaion - eatinK the office of Chief of Onera- I their work oroDerlv and attend to the tBnAn navy is ff K sir then I have ' - ri tions, now filled by Rear-Admiral W. 1 council work besides. Washington is co-ordinated them into hi nc wanderer and a lonely eoule 8. Benson. This officer now ranks wholly unable to see the point of this I council. The r iLl zJl or.y J not heard from my family J'" next to the Secretary and Assistant criticism and is asking why, if this is going to work, but Mr laniei 52 hut indirect information is u Secretary Roosevelt, and is wholly true of the chief adnuistraUve offi- willing to be judged on the rtSiU that they .e refugees and solely responsible for the prepa- cers of the Navy Department it is not and is making no predictions now American mission yard. I tiy. ration and maintenance of the fleet for true of the members of the President's battle. This officer took the place in Cabinet. In fact, Washington, especi- In all of his General thA now aitminlstrnHmi of th AiA frv i nllv the lAV end of it ha nffo. 1 " , . lls reports operations, and has an assistant for dered why the Cabinet idea was not service rd Zl on th1 rret operations. Capt. Volney Chase, and extended to the executive departments ascer5ini flttOT tn n oe-tatont for material. Cant. Josih h the C-hlner offleer. inn k, acerxaining the moves of the Ger- M MrTCean. through whom he is kent I interest of economv ari " " 1 tVans ?Bon as they start to make know whether they are alive t-r whether they are starving From this point we are not give any help or even to ' r,r" cave with Urumiah." In touch with every phase hearing on especially with a view to solving thelthev Jf 0ii0iSance , work Fres compiled by the the nreoaredness of the fleet. Re-1 iarcer nroblems of minia,? J"v I Ty na.Te P6111 haa heen invalu- I Hunearian and German consul . . i iMvn ou3ii i aiiiA m m-ww i . . i a a pairs, construction, manoeuvres, and 1 as the naval advisory council will i rV rT?l rw Ui"mi state-1 ew York show tnat - , practices are within the particular consider. The question miht rd v 1 t 11 war offioe- their Irists of their countries wh- province of his office. Admiral Ben- he asked, if MrSl i ? I avIora .. covering an average of themselves for services ar - "-"v.v. ai 4,vuu miies a aay. UuiB -1 obtaia transportation.