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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
i i IS BATTLE IS F ! HOUSE TO RUT D HOUSE Fierceness of Conflict Shown By The Experience of Town of Carency THE STRUGGLE IS BITTER Insignificant Hamlet of 475 In habitants Before The War, Village Will Have The Hon ors' of History; Town Now Changed Beyond Recognition Edison Greets Daniels at Llewellyn Park, Abbeville, France. July 17. The character of the town to town, house to house struggle that has been going on north of Arras is shown in nearly all its details by the experience of (!arencv. An insignificant hamlet of about 475 inhabitants before the war, this village will have the honors of historv. It first came into the zone of operations when the German move ment toward the sea was. finally checked there. The Bavarians, leaving Beaumont October 1st, secured a footing on the hills of Vimy and Lievin. the 4th they were at Carency, Givency-en-Gohelle. Notre Dame de I-orette, Souchez and Ablain-Kaint-Nazaire, all of which have since had the honors of frequent mention in the official communique The French cavalry with the Moroc can Mounted Rifilemen met them there and opposed further prolonga tion of the enemy's front by the val leys of the Authie and . the ' Canche, forcing them to fortify themselves on the Hills of Artois and in the coal fields around Lens, thus saving Bou logne, Calais and Dunkirk. The French took about half of the village of Carency on the night of October 5, but were stopped at the most considerable building of the town, the Carency brewery, where the Germans made their final stand and where they maintained themselves all winter. Its fall was the prelude to the eonqdest of the surrounding hills. In the 'meantime the physiognomy, not only of the hamlet itself, but of the surrounding country had been so changed that it is almost impossible for those who knew it before the war to recognize 1t now. The owner of the brewery, an officer In the French artillery, was already at the front. His wife and children, driven from their residence by the ap proaching German fire, took refuge there, but had scarcely established themselves when the place became the center of a violent conflict. While hand to hand fighting was going on in the gardens all round, at one o'clock in the morning, French soldiers hitched horses to a conveyance, sent the family back of the lines and then bayonets returned to the the brewery. They were carry it, but succeeded in the position with loop holes through the walls so as to hold the enemy in check. French Dig Down. From that day the brewery and the other buildings on the French lines became the target for the German 3 inch and f.-inch guns. As fast, how !ver, as the shells reduced a build ing, the French dug down and main tained themselves. Until the end of November the French remained in the garret of the brewery, then were obliged to climb down to the second floor. In. December the roof and gar ret fell into the cellar and New Year's Day saw nothing but two jagged walls remaining erect, from behind which the French continued their fire. At Faster there remained but a fragment about two feet above ground and the French fortress was now entirely dug into the earth. The part of the vil lage held by the Germans had under gone the same transformation, and when the day came for the final as sault, scarcely anything remained on either side of the lines but heaps of Ptone and plaster. Partly mowed down, partly dug up fit the roots, the hawthorne hedges around the houses and fields had lost their original lines. The shade trees, stripped, splintered and cut down by the constant fire are nothing but stumps resembling battered and nib bled hitching posts. . From October to May a soldier's cap or a sapper's shovel appearing above the surface of the earth or around the corner of a ruin became instantly a target for a volley of musketry or for machine gun fire. Welcome Chance To Attack. ' The soldiers who had endured the tension of this situation for seven months are said to have danced for pleasure on May 9 when the word went round that the moment for the attack had arrived; they were going to meet the Germans face to face, with no earthen fortresses or ruined hrtwrtn them and flgnt it out Ills A ; Ilil383 ill I ' jJSe& (I WILSON 15 iir FOR RETURN D Note Goes To Gei n Then Come Mexici John Bull Cornish. X. IL, July u views on the German situati.. tative shape, President Y , ; -night began preparing for h ture for Washington to tak. Secretary Lansing and oth.-r : of his cabinet the next si- ; American policy toward .- 1 warfare. There were indicating j.. the -President does not exp : long in notifying German v . : sition of the United States. of his cabinet are uiuK is;,,. , unanimously back of him in ., mination to assert the rictus ., icans to the "freedom of t) . The German situation will T cusseu in a general way at T cabinet meeting, and a tinal expecved to be reached at cabinet meeting on Friday. The President will leave h pared to take up several quthuuns soon aner reaeni!i ington. He will select a sw. Mr. Lansing as Counsellor f .M St a ' 'A', Thursday night Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels and Thomas A. Edison conferred fcr more than .two hours in the home of Mr. Edison in Llewellyn Fark, N. J., on the per sonnel of the proposed advisory naval board of civilian engineers and in ventors. Mr. Edison is to head this board which is to work in conjunction with existing official bureaus for the improvement of the United States navy. The picture shown above was used in the New York Times Friday morning and loaned by the Times to the News and Observer. with fixed assault of unable to organizing in the open. - Men whose ears had been hardened to the thunder of ar tillery months before stopped them with their fingers when the prepara tory artillery fire opened, for no less than six lines of batteries in the rear played upon the German trenches. The attack has been officially de scribed, but . many details of individ ual heroism and many anecdotes of the siege and the assault remain to be told. Neutral Zone Rstablishexf, When the French and Germans held each about half of Carency, two houses in the center formed p. sort of neutral one because neither side could occupy them. One of them a big farm house had the best wine cellar of the region. Several nights running the Bavarians crept out of their lines into the cellar and regaled themselves. The French learned this and also visited the place neither side fired until the Bavarians went so far as to come one night with a wheel barrow. This was too much for the French and the rifles went off almost automatically. The wheel-barrow re mained there and a six inch shell soon after caved the walls in and the bal ance of the wine soaked into the earth." Another story is told of a subaltern officer who in the early days of the siege got lost in the mase of trenches approaching the lines and ran into the Germans. He told the Bavarians he had come on behalf or six com rades who wanted to surrender, just to learn the way and find out if they would be well treated. The Bava rians told him to go back and fetch his six comrades who would be treated well. Of course the officer went back and forgot to return to the German lines. Vast Summer Vacation Scheme Shaping Up in The Mountains (Continued on Page Two) the picture man and ask him some questions. He tells me that Chimney Rock is a favored spot for,the location of the photoplays that are becoming popular. Around Asheville, and from there down the river, and over this way into the mountains, the location affords a good background for the photoplays that like mountain set tings. It is hard to beat North Caro lina mountains when you want them for scenic effects in picture work They are real mountains. They have real forests on them, and rugged fea tures, and real mountain trails, and real cataracts, and mountain cabins and little farms, and all the romantic features that give interest to a picture yi-' me picture men are coming into North Carolina mountains and sending out pictures everywhere. The movie man who was with the news paper folks on ML Mitchell made pic tures of the inauguration of Presi dent Graham at Chapel Hill, and sent them to the picture shows that are supplied by his concern. He made pic tures of the good roads work down in the Hendersonville country, and he goes from here to make a series of pictures of the mountain scenery of the Southern railway. He will be set on the front platform of a car that will be pushed up the mountain, and as the train goes ahead the camera will take down the. picture that steadi ly unfolds in front of him until he has covered miles of the road to be shown in pictures all over the coun try. Introducing North Carolina. If you are a patron of the picture shows you can remember wTith con siderable satisfaction when you see the scenario of the Southern Railway some of these days that the same thing is on exhibition at hundreds of other places all over the United States, and North Carolina is being introduced to people everywhere in a most effective style. As the picture man has only commenced his work in the State the certainty of a vas amount oi puDiicity rrom tnis source is apparent. Up on the top of Mt. Mitchell I fell in with a man from Pennsvlvania. We stood looking out over the end less sweep of mountain peaks, and he fell to SDeCUlatine- on the future Of the COUntrv. I remember nn in Pennsylvania how it was just like this?" he said. "Finest timber ever grown, and we whirled in and took off that fine white pine, and then folks asked themselves what's troimr to be come of this country with the pine gone? And we jumped in and took off the hemlock, and it brought more money than the pine. And then come along the railroads and they began to take out coal, and the coal brought more money than the pine and the hemlock both. And then the gas wells come along, and be blasted if ou can tell wThat's going to come next up there. And I'm a telling you it's a going to be that way down here. All this here timber 'em a while to git they'll all think the smack to the dogs Department, go fully into the y, problem, and take up will sing the proposed protest terference by Great Britain merce between the United other neutrals. During his three week's .; Mr. Wilson's health has i!npn he has gained several j-oai, weight. five to twenty thousand peopi Counties that contained If. to IT. u sand .people then now count .".. t. ! : thousand souls. Then as thr in, a said, "You can't pile up a- mu-h .: ,ft as there is in the mountains f N ith Carolina without having in th- p something of value." In a va !. value of much of the mountain ( ...n -try is known. But generally sp-a;.-ing it is an unexplored region, 're forests are enormous in xt t t. :.v,l wide in their rangs of ood. 7! " rocks are as limitless in their an-a a- 1 in their variety. But what is within them is only conjecture yet. it something, and that something is h.-!! here in reserve until men want ; use it, and come and hunt it out. if is'not necessary that we turn In :: use up everything on earth ; . - t away in this generation. The yew Li sters who are following will wants, and they will have the s. to satisfy them as long as these hi; remain unmolested. I can't tell y how. I couldn't tell you how t-' .t lize the natural gas that wa p" into the air by the billions of feet years ago in the oil count ?'Y 1 fore men learned what to d nor what to do with gasoline v. was a waste product at ih'- fineries forty years ago ai d fr anybody who wanted to carry p. few gallons. Neither can I what to do with the stacks here in the mountains. H'-t body will arrive one day v turn things over and find o Vast Scheme Shaping. Meanwhile the big thin.u' look for up this way is the va mer vacation scheme that shaping up. All the intlu workinsr in that direction a square mu" o is worth moro beauty and its and its rejuvenat outdoor charm ti 7 1 .1 is r a: likely that mountains picturesque possibilities mate and take then is going to it off, and country is goin' and some feller will come along with something else and you will be supprised to see what's on these corking old hills. You can't fool me. You couldn't git as much stuff piled up as they is here in these mountains and not have any thing in it that isn't worth something. You watch what I tell vou." No End To The Resources. The old chap has two lines of sense in his argument. I remembered very well the conditions he ' recalled in Pennsylvania,' where every time one crop was taken the people predicted the end of the world, and each suc ceeding crop proved more profitable. Towns that held a thousand people when the white pine went away have anything else that could h-- -Suppose we could let the sro.t! pie of the household get out i: country in the fall when tie- nuts are ripe. Ever chase ov mountains as a boy when ch were ripe? If you did not it nr wTorth while to begin yet. ' there may be some place wher nuts are more abundant than up but if there is a place that has chestnut trees and more J ' blossoms to the square mile never seen it. Up and down the leys for miles and miles the tr alive with blossom, and unless have some Way of making a n small crop from an enormous blossoms I would say in a rough that in Western North Carol in tains are making right nov 1 comes of them is a msystery. i people to gather all of them rt in a hundred miles of the mou I would rather be turned 1 North Carolina mountains in nut season if the crop turns it rrnmi:s now than to see tiest mine that was ever open' mi ha out th Vance Wants Croppy Weather. Henderson Gold Ieaf. Crop reports in Vance have the present time been not alto-' favorable. ' Drought and cool m Vioi-o rctrj t-i oi rrrfwxrtYi and dev ment in most all crops. But a or two of present temperatures continued good raiis would be cient to work wonders. v. ' ' ; swfP- i