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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
13 RUSSIAN PROTESTANTS MADE OBJECTS OF PERSECUTION Kxperiences of Rev. Wm. Felter, the Well Known Rus sian Baptist Preacher Evangelistic Work of Ko rean Christians News From Many Lands. (By Southern Missionary News Bureau.) ..I it..,; ,..rding to "The Continent," Rev. William Fetler, the Russian Baptist . I... I V, .1 J !(!) r who iitus iictu suuii remarK- pnpular acceptance as a preacher . ro-rad, and who has heretofore . n .I to enjoy surprising liberties . r the Russian government, has I in New lork City confessing he has at length fallen under an , .. i d ban which will probably pre- i.t his ever returning to Russia to i, ;,n;- his work. Mr Fetler, though he has himself . i l such consideration as no other u-( utifoi rning minister of the gospel i v. r received in Russia, is far from , r ihuiastic over the prospects of real ahl general religious liberty being n established In that country. Many signs since the outbreak of the u.i i . mh h as a new spirit toward the J. w and the Roles, have encouraged English observers to predict an era of It"-! aliation, but Mr. Fetler is in- lined to quite the opposite forecast. At least, the Protestants of Russia have experienced more trouble since war began than for a long time before it. Immediately after Russia plunged into the great European struggle, Hit iutis government agents recalled that the Stundists the original Rus sian Protestants were mostly non lesistants, and on principle opposed t war. Also, it was remembered that the Siwndists arose originally in a Ger man colony within Russian bounds. Tin ir name is, in fact, drawn from til- liwuiaii word for "hours," signify ing tin" devotional periods which they wi re accustomed to observe. m these grounds it was assumed hat Russian Protestants were likelv sympathetic with the enemies nouncement of that raet has just been made to the Jews of the United States ov benor Juan Riano, Spanish Am bassador to this country, that they will be welcomed to full citizenship in Spain, with all bars of inequalitv and disfranchisement removed. Many of the American Jews are reported as seeing in this announcement one of the means of solving the "Jewish problem,"' especially just now while the war is raging and the rights of Jewish citizens in some of the Euro pean countries are little regarded There is only one discordant note, and that comes from Oscar S. Straus, who visited Madrid one year ago. He said that "conditions are not such as to justify their (the Jews) return, as there is still a deep underlying preju dice and the discriminating laws have not been abrogated." He cites the opinion of Doctor Yahuda, who, he said, had been lecturing in Madrid University and who, after an investi gation, was oongea to take tne same stand as Mr. Straus. From Many Lands. Bishop Ilartzell reached New York in good health June 14th, having com pleted an episcopal visitation of all the Methodist Episcopal church mis sions in Africa except Liberia. The tour occupied nine months and re quired 24,000 miles of travel by sea and land. The bishop passed his seventy-third birthday June 1 at the Azores Islands while waiting for a steamer direct to America. DBishop Anderson accompanied Bishop Ilart zell as far as North Africa. "Just as Christian schools t to f the nation, or at least indifferent in the progress of the war. Fetler himself, having a German name, was regarded with peculiar suspicion. He was very soon arrested, and thrown into prison, where he was in formed that he would be forwarded to Siberia. By invoking some of his influential acquaintances, however, the pastor was able to get a petition to the minister of the interior begging that on account of the poor health of his wife and the delicacy of his three-months-old baby, he might be permitted to substitute exile from the country for the proposed exile to Si beria. This being granted, he departed to Stockholm, and afterward came to America. Immediatly after his leav ing eleven other Protestant preachers "Were banished, ten of them being sent to Siberia. AVork of Korean Christians'. The simple and exemplary faith of the Korean Christians is becoming the religious wonder of the twentieth century. The Koreans have been de preciated and even despised by the inilitant forces of the world. But the beatitude which fell from the lips of our Saviour is still the axiom of the higher life. The question which now "nfronts the nations is this one sim ple alternative, "Shall the earth be ruled by ambition, with its weapons f war, or by Christian meekness, with its weapons of peace?" The Missionary Review of the World reports a missionary's description of no of the methods of personal work i.--d by the Christians of Korea. "Hoon after my arrival I was assigned t' do visiting in certain homes, and a little book was given me contain ing the names of each believer. On arh page was a second name; and, when I asked what that meant, I was informed that that was the name of the unbelieving woman for whom this believing woman had promised to work and pray until she became a I'hri.stian. I was also requested as soon as one had become a Christian h put her name in another place and hive the first sister decide on another fr whom she would work and pray. Many of them have been marked off ul others put in their places- Pretty 'Winitc personal work, is it not?" A Striking Illustration. The following story is well authen ticated: "In 1835 the Miami Baptist Associa tion of Ohio divided on mission and "nti-misslon lines. Nineteen churches, th 725 members, excluded six nurches, with 441 members, for hav " the missionary spirit. In 1888, hfty-two years later, the nineteen ';ntimissIon churches had decreased "ve (one has since died), the 742 members had decreased to 151, and '"t one of these churches had as many members as in 1836. But the x missionary churches had increased to sixty-five, and the 441 members l ad increased to 7,212." Spain and tho Jews. After more than 400 years Spain has officially declared her doors open lo the Jews of all nations, and an as unristian scnoois are a mighty factor in the homeland, so also are they being used in China for bringing people into the kingdom of God and building up his church," says Wilson Lielder, of Kaifeny, Honan, China. "In the Interior China Mission we are seeking for a correlated school system which will include every vil lage of Honan Province that has been reached by the gospel. We do not think that the school can precede the evangelist, but that it should find its place along with him. Starting with the village schools doing primary work we are seeking to have schools for grammer work and on up to the col lege grade. In this way we will be able to select, by competition, desir able pupils, those who give promise for the future, rather than to fill our schools with undesirable students just for numbers. "For the financing of these village schools there are two methods; one is to help pay the teachers- That is, to give the teacher from two and a half dollars to three dollars Mex. (or about $1.50 gold) each month and al low him to charge a small fee of the students, we having control of the school. The other method is to pay the teacher his salary or five or six dollars Mex. (or about $3.00 gold) each month and arrange school fees ourselves. "For six hundred dollars gold a year we can employ about twenty teachers with an average attendance of forty pupils, bringing us in contact with eight hundred boys and girls. Does it stop there? No. By touching these children we open the doors of their homes and, with an average of six persons in these honaes, makes a num ber 4,800 people reached in one year for an outlay of six hundred gold dol lars. What pastor In the homeland of this salary has an audience of this number? It you should only count on the opportunity for giving the gos pel to the people these schols are worth wrhile, but instead of only creat ing this opportunity the schools are training the future citizens of China. The president of China by his order has failed to force the Chinese to cut off their queues, but when these chil dren have been" taught the advantage there is in a body not wearing long hair, then the queues will go. A child shall lead them.' God's Word is just as true concerning the children of China as it is concerning the chil dren wrho make music in the homes of your -own fair southland. "School work is just being started in our Interior China Mission. Many schools have been opened this year. What we need is a man in each of the three centers of interior China field who can supervise these schools, let ting the missionaries now on the field give all their time to their own work Give us your earnest, sympathetic prayers in this work." Events In Argentina. Thos. Spight, a Southern Baptist missionary at Buenos Aires, Argen tina, tells of two interesting events as follows: "Last week I helped our Russian pastor, Cristobal Vauag, to inaugurate the hall in Canuelas, the new out station of the Southern Railway, a little oved an hour from my house on the train. "I have never seen an opening xo equal it in this country. It is a town of about twelve th filial rwl r. A 1 1 r 1 a anil has the name of being a cultured place. fWe were expecting consider able fanaticism, but we were treated with the greatest consideration by the people iind also by the authorities of the town. The mayor released us from certain municipal taxes and told us to call if we needed anything of him. The chief of police was present one night and gave us protection each time that we asked it. "On the first night it rained, hot had something like fifty men present.. The next two nights the hall was full, over 100, and the last night there were about eighty. We had seats for only about sixty, and the remainder stood. We secured a good hall on the main street about half a square from the main plaza and about a square and a half from the church. We had only a few women, but the men wore frcm all cla?ses, from rich to poor, low society to the best, infidels and Catholics, ar.d all gave excellent at tention, with the exception of a lit tle disti:rban-ce one night. I never have sem greater respect or better attention paid than we received the last night. "Vanag is going into the work with all his heart, and 1 believe that you will hear from him in the years to come. He is splendid at making friends. The work of Constitucion church is doing well. We have re ceived by baptism since the beginning of the year nine members in all, for the first four months. The church in general is in a good condition. "We recently celebrated the tenth anniversary of our church with spe cial services afternoon and evening of two days. We had Don Pablo Besson, Brethren Sowell, Hart, and L. C. Quarles present, who gave us some excellent addresses. "One of the practical results was the call made by our church to the others of the city and La Plata to meet and consider the organization of a district association. Seven churches constitute the charter members." iSelf-SupiMjrt in Burma. The Karens of Burma now report 836 Baptist churches with 4S.6S8 members. There is a greater propor tion, of self-supporting ol urches among them than exists in any State of the Southern Baptist .Convention. Even th? weakest Karen churches are self-sustaining. The stronger churches call their pastors and sever the con nection when they think best, some times with the knowledge of the mis sionary, sometimes without. They ex ercise their own discipline, collect their own contributions, and decide by vote where each rupee is to go. It is, says the last Baptist Mission re port, not at all uncommon for the Karens to put up a chapel without saying a word to the missionary until they ask him to preach the dedication sermon. NORTH CAROLINIANS IN THE METROPOLIS (By It. New York. S. CAIUIAWAY.) July 31. North iaro- p.ts.ving the last stopping at the 1 : a. iu ei. i mg me CJIIU STIANS. M OIIAMM ED AN S AXD JEWS PRAY' FOR PEACE. 100,000 of All Faiths Beseech Their God in "Turkey. Philadelphia Ledger. The first united movement among Christians, Mohammedans, and Jews in the history of the word is graphi cally described in a letter received by Elias G. Baddour, 1203 Spruce street, from Emeel A. Faris, a former college mate at the American College, Beirut, Turkey, and now a soldier in the Turkish army. Thirty thousand. Christians, 35,000 Mohammedans and 40,000 Jews, bear ing the insignia of their faiths, marched out to three cemeteries to pray for peace in response to a given signal- The letter mailed in Jerusalem June 10th, reads in part: . "A committee of forty elders met in the Central Hotel last Friday evening. The following day twenty-five men were sent out to all sections of the city crying at their utmost voices, say ing: 'God is great. There is no God but God, and Mohammed, Christ and Moses and His prophets. Ye sons of God and of Abraham, prepare ye with thy children. At the tenth hour of Sunday bells from all ring, heavy guns will the tower of David, children of God hear to thy cemeteries and lir.ians in large numbers rh-cked to New York this week, the vacationist and other pleasure seekers being sup plemented by many merchants and their buyers who were here to pur chase fall and winter stock; fr their respective firms. Heal mid -summer weather made tripe? tr the nearby sea side resorts a pleasure, and many Tar Heels could be found daily at Bright on, Manhattan, Coney and the various other beaches. Mr. and Mrs. V. B. Mi.rtin and Mrs. II. H. Weathers, of Winston-Salem, ar spending a few days in tin- metropolis on a pleaxure visit. They are stopping at the Iatham. arriving early in the present week. Mrs. K. L. Hurt, f Goldhir. was a visitor in the city for most f the week, staying at the st. Denis Hotel. Mr. ar.d Mrs. D. C. Carmicha-1. of Charlotte, have been few days in the city. ar.aertult Hotel an sights of the citv. Mr. and Mrs. J. E. March, of High Point, were among the North Caro linians visiting in the city during th" past few days. They were guests at the McAlpin for a week or more. Mr. and Mrs. H. A. Tomlinson, of Raleigh, have been enjoying a short visit in Gotham, staying at the Breslin. Mrs. E. K. Montereo, of Salisbury, was a guest registered at the Hotel Victoria for several day:: of the- pres ent week. Miss M. A. Alexander and Miss V. M. Frazier, of HuntersviUe, N. C, havn been spending the past several days in ; the metropolis, registering at tha 1 Grand. Tar Heel buvers here this week in cluded W. T. MeCov, of Charlotte; C. W. Mellick, of Elizabeth City; W. Lee, of Monroe; A. L. Price, S. W. Lipin skv, C. It. Baughn and F. V. McCan- less. of Asheville; G. W. Hall. Hickory; W. D. Meyer and W. Stone, of Greensboro, and C. C. ( of Wilson. North Carolinians registered at various Broadway hostelries during the week included the following: Navarre W. F. Morgan. Charlotte; S. S. Mclntyro, Lumberton; K. Shep pard, Winston, and I. W. Warner. Raleigh. Gerard F. H. Harris, Asheville. Aberdeen F. A. Lyon, Greensboro, and W. D. Witherbee, Charlotte. Grand J. G. Murphv, Wilmington; W. J. High and W. B. Whitaker, Dur ham; II. Stadiem, Kinston: C. H. Beard, Winston, and W. F. Brock, Charlotte Collingwood B. S. Wells Kerr, Asheville. Herald Square H. Silverberg. Win ston; F. H. Phillips and M. Dworsky, Raleigh; J. R. Boyd, Roanoke Rap ids, and II. L. Miller, Morganton. Park Avenue J. H. Howell, Char lotte. Woodward J. E. Rumbough, Ashe ville, and F. Martin. Winston-Salem. Strand L. Hand, Charlotte. Broadway Central L. J. Copped ge and S. A. Hopkins, Rockingham. Manhattan D. O. Warner, Greens boro. Continental W. S. Vernon, Char lotte. Latham G. W. Ity, Asheville. Flanders W. W. Davis, Raleigh. Wallick J. O. Brown, Asheville; M. II. Conrad and W. J. Lancaster, Lex ington, and C. R. Aycock and F. M. Watson, Fremont. McAlpin J. W. Harriss and Fred N. Tate, High Point; T. D. Wright, Durham; A. B. Amaker, Asheville; H. C. Rountree, Rocky Mount, and E. T. Shepard, J. G. Baird and I. L. Caudle, Charlotte. of II. lay, the HOPKINS TEACHER KILLED. directions will be shot from As soon as ye this, go forth pray to God, thy God, to have mercy and peace upon His people.' "At the tenth hour of the following Sunday bells of churches, schools, hospitals were ringing from every di rection, heavy guns were fired from the tower of David northward and southward, eastward and westward, leaving heavy smoke over the city. It seemed like Judgment Day." ' EACH DOSE OF IODINE IN A SEPARATE PHIAL The surgeons of the field hospitals of the French army, in disinfecting wounds, are now using tincture of iodine, supplied to them in tiny phials, each containing just enough for one average application. The phial is made of glass in the shape of a medicine dropper and is half filled with the antiseptic, the remaining space containing air under pressure of about two atmospheres. It is sealed by a bead at the pointed end, and when this is broken off the liquid is sprayed out under sufficient force to penetrate deeply into a wound. One of the first things that is done when a man is hit, providing he is within reach of the surgeons, is to thoroughly coat his wound with lodln. Raymond Ieguy "Was In French Army At the Time. Baltimore Sun. Raymond Leguy, formerly a pro fessor of French at Johns Hopkins University school, was killed in battle lu Europe, according to information received yesterday by Dr. E. C. Arm strong, head of the romance language department of the university. Ie guy's brother was killed a few months ago. Three separate times the young Hopkins professor plunged into the thick of the fight. He was in charge of the French department of the sum mer school xri 1914 and when the war broke out he immediately became a sublieutenant in the French Army At the front pneumonia seized him and he went to a hospital. There he heard of his brother's death in battle,, and the shock, instead of retarding his recovery, nerved him to get up and get into the fight again. But he was too weak; he became ill and re turned to the hospital, where his iron nerve pulled him through. Again he went directly from the hospital to the firing lines, and there he was killed. Nothing but the bare announcement of his death has ben received here- M. Leguy was small of stature and of slight build, but liery in his patriot ism for France. Fellow-professors and students at the summer school were iona or nim ana nu tuxvm plishments made him among the most promising of the younger instructors. - ? i . i " . t- V IS 1 i f - 4 i i ! 1 li 'Is 1 c i I - r