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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
HOW TO BUILD A CURTA1X. rnoNT poultry house ( Toultry House is Adapted to All Climates and Locations As Condi tion Vary in Different States, Modi fications of the Details of the Plan fiiven Here May Be Necessary in Some Sections, But the General Principles Will Apply Anywhere. After working and experimenting villi heated houses and then with las3 front houses and various other 1 inds, many poultrymcn and investiga te rs came to the conclusion that they hm not as yet discovered the right way to build their poultry houses. When came a radical change. It was from tne ciosea warm house to the curtain front house. These houses were constructed with two windows in front, one at each end, and in the center a long opening. The bottom of this open window was high enough from the floor so there was no direct 1 1 raft on the birds. The walls of the lx.use were built absolutely tight so there were no drafts. The opening v.a.s covered only by a light cotton curtain. Thorough trials of this style of house developed the fact that the fowls kept in such buildings were more healthy and vigorous and pro duced more eggs than under other .systems. So that now the curtain inches, and the top part of it. to a depth of three feet, six inches from trie plate, is not boarded up. but i left open to be covered bv a cloth curtain when necessarv. This lav a tight wall three feet. 10 inches high extending from .the bottom of th opening down to the floor which pre vents the wind from blowing on the birns when they are on the floor. door, two feet, 10 inches wide, for entrance to the yard, is made in the front wall. The lower half is board- cu l"e upper covered by the curtain. Another door, 15x15 inches, is placed six inches from the floor under one Of the Windows for fhp Virrl ti t.kis through the front yard. A similar door in the center of back wall ad mits them to the rear yard. A light frame, made of one by three inch strips a.nd one by six inch cross tees, is covered with ten-ounce white duck or unbleached sheeting, and hinged at the top of the front opening, which it covers when closed down. This curtain is easily turned up into the room and held in place by hooks in the ceiling. The roost platform should be made tight. It extends the full length of th room against the back wall, and is four feet 10 inches wide, and three feet above the floor. It is then high enough for a person to get under when necessary to handle the birds or J Front c vat ten allowing it to swing both ways be kept closed without atten- :1 It M I S I I I 1 I : 'I I A I 11 I Mil f "I" ' 11 ' II t II "' ' " " 11 ' H T ' 1 u' ' ' n n r v.- ro - JL-f j'j" j-'Ar-- Z'f M ---. : ! k i - -H ? X- 1L 1 :f if sir T M ry. rrpnirrarrttrKfranj hinges, and to tion. Extending across the building and through the center of the doorways, a track of wood or iron may be placed for the ready movement of a suspend ed car. The platform of this car snouia oe iwo uy eigni ieei ami ele vated about one foot above the floor. Attached to each of the platform is an iron guard which .projects one foot beyond. As the car passes through the building this guard strikes the door and pushes them open easily. All food and water can be car ried through the house on this ear and it wilf prove a great lbor saver in a long laying house. The drop pings from the roosting boards may also be removed on it, being gathered in p'aiis or boxes, loaded on the car, and pushed to the manure shed. Bill of Lumber. In constructing this house any strong lumber may be used. Amounts are given in board feet unless other wise specified. The following esti mates do not allow waste in cutting and are for the material needed for a two bv five Inch for roosts; 115 feet for rafter; 39 feet two by nine Inch tor steps; 11m f.,'t one by eis;ht Inch b aids for braces for rafters; 33 feet or.e by nine inch boards for doors; ! 0 feet door si Inch boards for lloor brace:-?; 1550 feet boards for out side boarding, walls, floors, etc.; 500 feel matched one by six inch boards feet one by six inch and ends; 100 feet frames; -10 lineal inch surfaced four feet pine shingles for lop floor; S00 shiplap for walls boards for roont l eei two by two sido for nest frames; 50 for curtain frames; 33M0 laid live inches to weather. Bill of Hardware. One pair double acting spring hing es with screws; one pair six inch heavy T hinges with screws; seven pairs live inch light T hinges with screws; two pairs two by two inch butts with screws; live pairs three by three inch butts with screws; two dozen No. 10 screws two inches long; 20 pounds three penny shingle nails; 75 pounds eight penny common nails; 25 pounds 10 penny common nails; 10 pounds 20 penny common nails; two pounds three penny clinch nails; front house has come to be generally accepted as the most desirable poultry house to build. The free circulation of air through the house removes all dampness, the litter is kept dry, and the birds scratch freely in it. After several years of experiment ing the Maine Agricultural Experi ment Station has adopted the follow ing plan as the most economical in construction: Each pen 20x20 feet will house 100 .birds; a houso may be made up of as .many or as few sections, or pens, as the owner desires. A door in each partition will make it easy to do the fvork. In lone houses, one end section may be left for a feed room. Three 6x5 Inch Sills run the length of the house, the center ono supports the floor timbers In the mlddje of the house, while the outside ones rest on a rough stone wall, high enough from xho ground for dogs and cats to go clean out the house. There are three roosts, framed together in two 10 foot sections. The top is one foot above the platform and hinged to the of the building may be lessened by using shiplap for the sides and by covering with a high grade roofing paper. The front of the building, or of each section, has storm windows, two feet, 11 inches by four feet, six inches. These glass windows are screwed on back wall, so they may be turned up out of the way when the platform is being cleaned. The back roost is 12 inches from the wall, and the spaces between the next two aro 16 inches. They are made of two by three inch lumber placed on edge, with the up per corners rounded or. The roost ing: closet Is shut off from the rest of the room by curtains similar to the one described for the front of the house. For convenience Iti hajid- 1 0 0 0 B tinder the building to look after rats, ung there are two of these curtains. etc.. that may harbor then?. The each nine feet, eight inches long, and clone wall rests on the surface of the three feet wide, hinged at the top so irround. with large openings in it las to be turned out and hooked up. every 20 feet to allow the circulation J This leaves a space of two feet, six of air. Thia keeps the groujid and J inches between the curtain and the Umbers dry during tie summer. The I r5f. This spafie Is ceiled, and in it lioor timbers are 2x6 Inches and rest are two openings, each three feet long on toD of the sills.- The front studs I and six Inches wide, provided with a arc eight feet high, and those at the slide door for ventilating the roosting back are six feet, six inches high. The closet when necessary. Tlie nests are two sides of the roof are unequal in placed on framework under the roost width, the ridge being eight feet from ing board. This frame should extend the front wal). The height of the at least three inches beyond the back fiji Cross Seefonat AB ridge from the sill to the extreme top of rafters is 12 feet, four inches. All studding is 2x4 inches. The building Is covered with one inch rough lum ber, then papered and covered with of the nests, and should be so arrang ed that they may be easily removed for cleaning. If several of these houses are joined together to make one long laying curtain-front house 20 by 20 feet, or for one unit of a long house. Eight cedar posts, six feet long, six inch butts; 350 feet two by four inch for studs, doors, windows and coop frames; 220 fet two by six inch planks, for floor joists (10-foot lengths); 60 feet six by six inch for sills (20-foot lengths); 26 feet four py four inch for corner studs and wall stringers; 40 feet two by three inch Raising Ponies Pays Very Well. rustic siding. The rpof is covered with house, a door should be placed in every compartment nve incnes out from the edge of the roosting plat form. . These doors are three feet wide and seven feet high, divided in the middle lengthwise, and each half is hung with double-acting spring one inch Doaras ana tnin Duuaing DaDer. and then shingled. The cost uprights two feet, eight inches from each end of the room. They are three feet above the floor. The distance be tween the windows is eight feet, ten A good way for a boy to start in business is by raising Shetland ponies. A very well bred mare can be bought for $1.25 to $200, the latter figure be ing for a pure bred. Starting with a mare in foal, a boy can, in the course of five years, if he has no bad luck, find himself :n pos- i r ii ii vi w ii I mi-- ,. r I I one pound three quarter inch staples; two thumb latches complete with screws. Miscellaneous. Two storm windows, 2 lights, 10 by 12 inch glass; six .squares building paper; 10 feet 42 inch poulty net ting; three yards 42 inch unbleached sheeting, or 10 ounce duck; seven yards 30 inch unbleached sheeting, or 10 ounce duck. They need shelter in bad weather, of course, but an open 8hed, wind tight on three sides, leaving the eouth side open, will be all that is necessary. A good wire fence is reaulred to keep them in bounds, as Shetland aro extremely curious, and somewhat rest less, and will manage to get over, un der, or through the average farm fence. If handled from birth they are very easily broken, and at three years oid will be ready to ride or drive. Thor oughbred Shetland find ready Bale at prices ranging from $125 to $200, and exceptionally fine specimens 1 bring even higher prices. Let the Cattle Kat in Comfort Around every feed bunk there should be some arrangement for pre serving the feed and keeping the cat tle out of the mud. If the bottom of the feed Uough is made with rne- A Baby Shetland session of enough animals to start him on the highway to success. It is always best to buy registered animals for breeding, but if crosses are used with a registered stallion one can in time breed up to a very high standard. Shetlands are very easily kept. They require but little grain, and will do very well on rocky hill sides where there is fair pasturage. inch much cracks between loos corn will th fall quarter board through which hogs following the cat tle will make good use of. A i ?