Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
11 i . SULTAN'S SUPPORT OF REVOLT IN LIBYA IS REASON GIVEN FOR ROME'S HOSTILE DECLARATION I'ote Handed Porte Declares State of War Now Exists Between Two Nations; Marquis Di Garroni Demands His Passports and Quits Turk Capital. TALIANS Went PHEVENTED FROM LEAVING SYRIA WORLD QUESTIONS BEFORE U. S. LQORA men Arabic and Cotton Incidents Overshadow News of Great Battles Ku-..i.n apparently ha- o 5 v mall cra.Il.. f r sha w s anof !;: big Ger man o.fS-n:e against t h r u g k o t t With the xV.i . f Puld Marshal -,.n for t h is r-1 : r man hamls the: Baltic rj!ir h Polish f r t r -?-- With Il'ca m G-r-m.i n en b .tr .4 ? - GERMANS NOW NEAR CLASH WITH DENMARK tempt to .i.lv.tniv toward Petrogr.o! Meantime. howevrr. thf Cifrtr,.ir and Austrian, fallowing up tht-r ad vantage are emS-avor:ne a. make th Brest-Eitovsk line unien.iMo for the Russian. The Unmans null are mak ing an orderly withdrawing .nd doing all the damaf they can ar.d ex cept for the guns an-i "men in fort resses, the A us ro-Germans Jo nut claim any larg captures. On the other battlefronts thr ha been no evt nts of importance. WOMEN MARCHERS BEG FOR WAR WORK w.: Italy Declared War On Austria, No Action Was Taken Against Germany and She Has Been at Peace With Turkey Until Tension Tightened Recently A : ! I x x A I ... . M I I rf 1 ( . H S n P PS Mill lSPfl I lU"l Y w -m v 1 ! W - V I I I V V V V. I , . -T- ... . aiul When teutons Persist m At- (By the Associated Press.) Amsterdam, (via London), Aug. 22. The Italian am bassador left Constantinople at noon yesterday, according to a telegram from the Turkish capitaL The United States embassy has been entrusted with the task of protecting Italians' interests in Turkey. One secretary and two drag omans remained at the Italian embassy. London, Aug. 21. Marquis Di GarronL Italian Ambassador n Turkey, today handed to the Porte a note declaring Italy considered herself in a state of war with Turkey and demanded his nassnorts. according to an official telegram from Constantinople received at Amsterdam and transmitted to the Central News The reasons given in the note for Italy's declaration of war were, the support given by Turkey to the revolt in Libya and the preven tion of the departure of Italian residents from Syria. Although Italy declared tacking British Submarine Grounded On Neutral Shore of Danish Island; Unrest Re ported in Balkans y ii 1 r i . i on 1uii ii the cuately the May 24 and two powers re has never war on hostilities be ne gan imme l?en any dec- exerted who wished to Elation of war between Italy and b runny, while until now Italy and 'I .iU.y nominally have been at peace. i 'fiction b-etween Turkey and Italy, E ueer. has been in evidence since Hiortly after the hitter's entry into it - ;tr. Early in .June there were re l rts that Italian consuls were grad ually leaving Turkey and that Ameri can officials were taking over the task f looking out for Italian interests. l..t.r ctviriMis were made that the ottoman government was preventing it...sr. consuls from leaving and that Kimihir coercion was beim er Italian civilians Muit Turkish soil. Sent Note to U. S. On July 20 advices came from Rome that the Italian government had ad dressed a note to the United States asking it to use its influence to protect Italian subjects in the Ottoman do mains. The complaint that they were being prevented from leaving was reit e nited. Two days later the Italian cabinet met for the supposed purpose of dis cussing the situation as regarded Tur key, and almost Coincidently the Ital i.mi government began to gather evidence- intended to show that Turkey had violated the treaty of Iausanne. and undertaking according to the (mis of which she peldged herself to withdraw alt Turkish troops and . rs from the Cyrcnaica district in Tripoli and help bring about the sub it ision of the Senussi tribesmen in !!; s localitv. Instead of doing this, it u .is alleged, Envor Pasha. Turkish minister of war. last March sent his I " ther. Nuri Hey. to Cyrenaica to i i incttt rebellion. "n August 3. the Italian Ambassa dor at Constantinople made another it' t.t to Turkey relative to the atti ' . ! of the Ottoman authorities to v id Italian subjects. I. was stated ii .it Italian consuls were still being f;.t mm..,i in Tnrkpv. At that time the ; "iiMon was becoming more i oly. Explanations Asked. It w.-oi .-innniinrpii on AUgUSt 4 that I'alv had asked for categorical expla M'h.ns concerning Turkey's alleged i IikmI t.i iiittiilmw her troops in ; ;iooli. and it was charged that Tur v was pursuing a policy of procras- t li.ation. In otlicial circles in Home, the feel - was 1 eld that hostilities on the l art of Italy might begin at any mo " - i.t. as her last note to Turkey was ;'imost in the character of an ulti- "tutu. Shortly after this it was re i 1 red that a declaration of war by It :lv auainst Tnrkev would be simul-1 a neons with the sending of about 1 " DUO mi. to the aid of the Eranco- i tish force on the Gallipoli l'enin- ia . I' uas announced on August 10 that ' strong squadron of fast Italian livers was being held in readiness v'iil from Taranto. Italy, at a mo 'eent s notice. It was stated that it vas expected the warships would be f,"t against Turkey if the latter coun- London, Aug. 21. International questions, including those between the Enited States and Oermanv aris ing irom the sinking or the steamer Arabic with the loss of two Ameri can lives, and between the I mted States and the allies as the result of the declaration of cotton as absolute contraband, loom large in the news of the day. There continues to be much specu lation as to what action, if any. the Enited States will take with regard to the Arabic, especially as the evi dence of officers and passengers goes to show that the Arabic was not con voyed and received no warning ot an impending attack. It is asserted that inasmuch as no one aboard tin steamer saw the submarine there could have been no intention on the part of Captain Einch to ram the underwriter craft. In respect to the declaration of cot for the release of Italian subjects held in the Ottoman empire. Cabinet Met Friday. A meeting of the Italian cabinet was held Friday. Baron Sonnino. Minister of Foreign Affairs nrpntfri ton as contraband, it is exnected hen; that America will otter less serious an exnaustive report on the Turkish situation. He asserted that the Turk- lsn provocations had become intoler able. The cabinet's decision was kept secret. uispatches today stated that the Italian ambassador at Constanti nople had been instructed to hand the i one a. note asking for a formal categoric statement as to departure or Italians trom Turkish possessions. n was unoinciaiiy stated that the note was in the nature of an ulti matum and tnat a reply was expected r-aturday. Vl.Vli I All IX MOW YORK. acute I t y declined to satisfy Italy's demand Its Characteristics Present and Past- The Xeed Appears to Be Met. New York Sun. The removal of the Knickerbocker club to the new building which is such an architectural ornament to Fifth avenue marks more than one change in the club life of New York. Per haps it is characteristic of its exis tence as a metropolis that clubs now mild their own homes. With t!uj exception of the Manhattan club, the Brook and the Calumet club, which are at present quartered in former jrivate residences, the opening of the new Knickerbocker club s house marks the end of this way of acquir ing a home which had long been tra ditional. The Manhattan is in the old Jerome mansion. the Union club, for instance. wnicn is tne oldest m me citv. was first quartered in a house once th home of the Eeroy family. In turn a.s its membership increased and the movement of the population compel! ed a change of quarters, the club went into former residences of the Astor and the Kernochan families. Only two of its houses-, that which it occupies at present and its predeces sor at Fifth avenue and Twenty-tir.' t street, were built for it. The Manhattan club was previously at home in the old A. T. Stewart residence, the Eotos occupied for a long time the Bradish Johnson home at Twenty-tirst street opposite the old Union club, and the New York at various periods was quartered in the Wolfe and the Haight houses. Now these clubs with the exceptions noted are in homes which they built for themselves. Such is moreover the in evitable tendency of all clubs when they reach a sufficient degree of af fluence and importance. Another influence which may al most be taken as inseparable from club life in this city today is the v id of the club disagreements which result in the formation of other simi lar organizations. The Knickerbock er was always regarded as an off shoot of the Enion because there was something lacking in one which the other supplied. In the same way the Calumet has been said to have had its origin in the Knickerbocker, al though that seems less probable. At all events, there is no disposition just now to form social clubs of any char acter. The present supply seems ade quate for the time being to the demand. objection to this step than to the ei der in council under which cargoe from America now are dealt with. (Hermans Arouse Danes. Alongside these questions in which America is particularly interested, is the indignation aroused in Denmark and the whole of Scandinavia as the result of the attack by a German de- stroyer on me rsruisn submarine t-i.i after she stranded on a Danish island. According to the British official ac count and reports from Copenhagen, the E-13 went aground Thursday morning. The officers and crew were busy trying to refloat her under or ders from the Danish naval authori ties, who had given them 24 hours to accomplish the task, when Oerman destroyers appeared on the scene. One of them, after firing a torpedo which missed its mark, is reported to have opened fire with hvr gurs even after the crew had abandoned the submarine which was afire. The British otlicial account says the German destroyer fired at the men in the water with machine guns and shrapnel. Not until after Danish de stroyers got between the Germans and' their prey did they cease firing, the report says. SO of Crew Killed. Half of the thirty members of the submarine crew were killed and their bodies will be sent home in a Danish warship. Those who escaped will be interned in Denmark. The Danish government has protested to Germany, while the press of all the Scandina vian countries expresses its concern at the violation of neutral territory. The activity of German submarines also has brought a protest irom me Spanish government, which has lodge, a claim for the sinking of the steamer iside.ro. The German ambassador ex pressed his regret at the "accident." Since then another Spanish steamer. the Pei ia Castillo, has been sunk and it is expected another claim will be riled. Telegrams from the Balkan capitals say Turco-Bulgarian relations have reached the breaking point and mat Turkey is strengthening her fortifica tions in Thrace because of the fear of a Bulgarian invasion. No open breach between the Bulgars and the Turks is likely, however, until Bulgaria- learns whether the Serbian par liament which has been in secret ses d.m for three davs. is willing to cede Macedonia to her. Greece is Uneasy. Yenizelos is back in power in Grece but it is questionable whether he will le so ready to join the allies as be was neiore ine pi'iuion ' hm and the dispute with King Constan tine which caused his downfall early in the year. Bevond reports of a naval engage ment in the Gulf of Riga in which, according to German reports, the Russians lost one destroyer and two gunboats and the (Hermans one de stroyer, while each had other vessels damaged, there has been little news from the fighting areas. This Ravai activity in the Gulf of Ri?ra where the Thottxtmi Itiralc in Ia.imIom I'mmmiI an A i) i Hal to l.lod- Gtrgf Mean Homiio. London Cable to New Y.o k TUo - Ram interfered considarblv with the women's demonstration toda. and it is estimated that only about 30 Um. instead of the 00o expected, look part in the procession. Possibly the object lesion was all the greater be cause of the untoward conditions vr which the women ro "-upenor Mme. Clara P.utt. the contralto, who was one of the organizers of the demonstration, lucidly explained the objects aimed at. She said: "'It was to convince The new Minis ter of Munitions. Mr. Idovd G.erre, and his colleagues in the Cabinet that o far as winning the war is cone ? r, -ed the women of this country mean business. Women of all clause- and professions, of all political creeds or none, joined in the puhl.deman.l to be enrolled for war service. "The women of I 'ranee are already fully engaged not only in carrying on the enormous agricultural work of their country, but also in vital manu facturing industries, including the production of munition.;. Many Frenchwomen are now earning be tween Sf. and H'f. a day in s'b-il fac tories after three weeks' training. The women of Germany are renderi!;"-- tre mendous service to their cour.tiy. It is estimated that nearly 40 per tent, of the munitions workers in the Fath erland are women, and this repn s. nts but one of their many spheres of activity. 'But what of our own country? The position is. quite frankly, the n-i ie of satisfactory. Some months ago th Board of Trade published an appeal to the women of Great P.iitain asking them to register for war work. The response was splendid. Over sh.imm) have registered up to the present. et, on the board's own admission, not more than 3.00 of these have obtain ed employment. "Taken in conjunction with the fact that the board's scheme was badlv designed, inasmuch a.s registration at the Iabor Exchanges failed to attract educated and professional women, whose time is valuable, it will be -een that the blame for the comparatively non-success of the scheme cannot be laid upon the shoulders of the women- "Take the case of agriculture, for example. Although the problem of feeding the nation is of paramount importance, we have no fewr than 1.3,000,000 acres under grass at tin present moment- potential sources of food supply which, with the aid of trained women, could be made almost immediately productive again. "It is estimated that of l.'iuo. workers engaged in farming about .. per cent, are of military age. Hre is obviously a splendid opportunity for women to relea.se many men for ::ie righting line. "Incidentally, it is worth noting that some 'j'i.ooi) women are already en gaged in agricultural work, a utlieiei;t answer to those who say women ar useless on the land. Three weeks' training, generally speaking, w ill qual ify a healthy woman for ordinary farm labor-. 'The services of women are ep-,,il!y in demand in the medical and nurs ing professions, particularly the toj mer. We have it upon the authority of a well known hospital surg-oi:. It. Stanley Eoyd, that some T.""" medi cal men are now serving with The colors and the result is that the l.'m-..I-est difficulty is being experienced m meeting the needs of the civil popu lation. "1 could place tweiv ' ing women graduates in a moment." -avs Dr. Mary S harlieb. the famou- spe cialist, "but 1 cannot get one.' "lb-re again prompt action neces sary, for every day sees the tart her depiction of our male hospital start'-', and the chances for women doctors in The next, few days will be su b they have never yet been. There are without doubt scores of women ready and willing to undertake the rive years training necessary to means Yet there can be no quexth.-n as to the necessity of em ouiagiiig inch women to enter the pr.dessiofi. Not only should more hospitals be thrown open to women. Fees should he reduced als. or even abolished en tirely, to meet the crisis. At present it costs approximately pounds (Jl.id'O) in fees, etc . alone to b- grad uated in this country. When a man is ill he seldom has a nightshirt pretty enough to receive callers in. S! if ' ; 1 V i .. t i K ff u 1 5 1 i It it i ; i i I. E o i