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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
PEACE CONFEREES E T N E MEX N FACTION Latin-American Diplomats, At- fences, as wen as in add , r i -r o tne persons constituted in ter meeting, ueciae 10 sug gest Such Action CARRANZA FAVORED AT PRESENT OUTLOOK Unless Military Situation Changes First Chief of Con stitutionalists Probably Will Be Choice; Delegates To ; Meet Again In Three Weeks at Washington (Hy the Ass'uteU Tre.vO. New York, Sept. 1 8.. Secretary Jansing, representing the United States government and the diplomatic representatives of Brazil, Chile, Ar gentine, Bolivia, Uruguay and Guate mala, resolved at their meeting here today that the time had come for the extension of formal recognition to a government in Mexico. Three weeks from today another meeting of the conference will be held in "Washington, at which a decision is to be reached as to the elements upon which recognition should be conferred. A formal statement issued by the conference declared that, in asmuch as the factions themselves had failed to come to an agreement, recognition would be accorded to the le facto authorities possessing the "material and moral capacity neces sary to protect the lives and property of nationals and foreigners." Each of the several governments, it was an nounced, would itself "judge such ca pacity, and recognition will likewise be extended by each government sep arately at such time as it may proper." Currunzu Favored. Unless the military situation in Mexico takes a decided turn within the next three weeks in favor of Gen eral Villa, who has concentrated his forces for battle with General Obre gon. the Carranza commander in chief, at Torreon, most of the conferees were of the opinion that the Car ranza government would logically be entitled to recognition. The several governments will en deavor to learn, however, not only what territory each faction controls, but what promise of stability the fac tions give that aspire to recognition. To determine exactly what is the status of the different factions the several governments will examine the situation each in its own way. The United States will seek to form its judgment through long and exhaust ive reports from its consuls supple mented by personal conferences in Washington between Secretary Lan sing and representatives of all groups and elements. They will be heard im partially as to their claims ar.d mem bers of the Pan-American conference can attend such informal conference or hearings if they desire, but no ob ligation is imposed on any of the I'an-American governments to join the Fnited States in such a course. Text of Statement. Today's conference lasted nearly three hours, after which the follow ing statement was issued: "The conference held in New York cn the 11th of August, in addition to deciding upon the transmission of the telegram addressed to the persons constituted in authority in Mexico, in viting them to cease the struggle by the organization of a de facto gov- eminent by common agreement " among them, resolved to recommend to the governments represented at it 'the recognition without further an alysis of the government arising out of such agreement, provided it guar anteed the lives and property of na tionals and foreigners' and, in the event of such agreement not being possible, 'the recognition of any pro visional government with the mate rial and moral capacity necessary to protect the lives and property of na tionals and foreigners' Time Now Is Ripe. "In pursuance of this resolution and the impossibility of recognizing a gov ernment of all factions, owing to the lack of such agreement, the diplo matic representatives resolved at the last conference to communicate to their respective governments that, in their judgment, the time has now come to carry out the policy agreed on at the conference of the 11th in case of the impossibility of recogniz ing a de facto government springing from a common agreement of all the factions. Therefore, the de facto government aspiring to recognition must possess, should this policy be approved by all the governments, the material and moral capacity neces sary to protect the lives and property of nationals and foreigners. Each government shall itself judge such capacity, and recognition will like wise be extended by each government separately at such time as it may deem proper. Recognition will naturally entail as a result of the appointment of diplomatic representatives accredit ed to the head of the government recognized. "The American diplomatic repre sentatives hold that, in adopting this resolution and in considering the situation of Mexico at previous con- ddressing to authority Mpxiro the circular of August 15 last, they merely exercised in the most judicious manner possible the indis putable international right of taking the preliminary steps toward the re cognition of a de facto government in case of civil war, vested in all gov ernments, without thereby interfer ing either directly or indirectly in the internal affairs of Mexico, an inter ference which has not at any moment been contemplated. It has always been the sense of the conference that the pacification of Mexico is a ques tion to be exclusively decided by the Mexicans themselves, and it trusts that a government recognized by all the governments of the wrorld will be able to attain that result and assure the welfare of the sister country." No Disagreement. While some of the conferees may at the end of three weeks reach dif ferent conclusions as to the govern ment that ought to be recognized, con fidence was expressed by many of the conferees that there would be no eventual disagreement because the tra ditional policy of the Latin-American governments in any event is to fol low the lead of the United States on such questions. Even those of the conferees who were doubtful them selves as to whether or not the recog nition of General Carranza would be advisable did not hesitate to indicate that if the United States reached such a decision there would be identical and unanimous action as heretofore. The general opinion of these con ferees who would express themselves was that the Carranza movement wras in the ascendancy from a military point of view and that unless unfore seen circumstances developed the re quirements of "material capacity" would be satisfied, but whether or not the Carranza authorities possess the "moral capacity" for stable govern ment is a question which the conferees thought would lend itself to further study and consideration. The emphasis placed in the formal statement that was issued after the conference on the unwillingness of any of the governments to interfere "di rectly or indirectly in the internal af fairs of Mexico" resulted from the many misinterpretations in Jtin- America of the original purpose of the conference. The situation that may result on the border because of the resentment which General Villa may feel because of the possible recognition of Car ranza has been taken into considera tion, but it was pointed out by one of the conferees that the Villa fac tion still has an opportunity to demon strate the measure of its control and to present an argument as to why the Carranza government should net be recognized. Secretary Lansing, at the conclusion of today's conference, sent a long communication to President Wilson advising him of what had taken place anathe members of the diplomatic corps returned to their respective homes- PftIR ARRESTED FOR SPLIT OVER LQftN OLDIIGUPE DIOR W. S, Croker, of Forest City Free Press, Robbed of $23 at Point of Gun SHOWS NO SIGN G 0 i N K TOGETHER (Speil to The News at:d Ob;rur). Forest City, Sept. 19. Two men giv ing their names as Harris, of Caroleen, and Patterson, claiming his home in Alabama, were lodged in jail this morning, having been arrested in con nection with the hold-up which oc curred here last night. The two men were taken into custody after being trailed to the proximitv of that place. Hold Up Kditor. Last night about 10 o'clock two masked men entered the back door of the Free Press office and advanced upon Editor W. S- Croker, who was busy setting type, and demanded that he raise his hands. The editor did as commanded and while one of the fel lows held the pistol on him the other searched his pockets- After finding $23 on Croker they backed off and were gone in a jiffy. Mr. Croker gave tne alarm in a nail minute alter the hold-up and in a few minutes Chief Harnption and several men were on the scene. A message was dis patched to Shelby for blood hounds while some of the citizens gathered at points on the outskirts of town. Noth ing was seen of the men for the next hour, but when the blood hounds ar rived they struck a hot trail and track the culprits to a river cross ing near the Bostic yards. Deputy Sheriff Harrill and Chief Harnption had alreadyr gone to the yards and had just arrested Harris and Patterson be fore the crowd with the dogs arrived. Several Nearby. The hold-up was one of the most daring deeds that ever happened in the county. The Free Press office is not more than one hundred feet from the main square and several men were on the square at the time of the robbery. A restaurant, operated by T. R. Blan ton, is not more than fifty feet from the back door where the robbers en tered. Mr- Elanton had just re-entered his place of business from the rear end of his building about two minutes before the alarm of the hold up was given. From the trail it is believed that the robbers knew the lay of the land and had everything perfected for the hold up. A hearing will be given the two men Tuesday morning. American and AngJo-Frr-Bankers Still at Odds 0 Munitions U, S, FINANCIERS NOW WANT BETTER TERMn Commissioners Now Here p Days Believed More Inter ed In Getting Credit Thar First Intimated; America lieved Only Great World Mar ket Yet Open Be. New today's nu ALLOW SHIPMENT OF LIQUOR IN ALABAMA (By the Associated Tress.) Montgomery, Ala., Sept. 18. Per sons having liquor in their possession may ship it from Alabama into a wet State within twenty days from today under the Chamberlin shipping bill which was signed by Gov. Hen derson today. The bill was primarily for the relief of a Birmingham dis tillery where a large quantity of liquor is being neia oy tra government lor the taxes. Had the taxes been Daid .the lfquor would have been open to seizure before the bill was sigired to day. (T.y the Associated Press York, Sept. 18. The brief business sessiun f.uM the situation virtually unchanged :th respect to the variance of opinion over the proposed Anglo-French i-n-dit loan, except perhaps that some of the American financiers were adht rir.ir more firmly to the idea that banks subscribing to the big loan should receive terms better than those -iv n to the investors. Over this and the matter of including munitions of war in the scope of the loan's operation. tnere was still marked differercrs of opinion between some American hank ers and the Anglo-French financial commission. These bankers wish mu nitions excluded from the list of ex ports to be paid from the proceed, of the loan, it is reported, -while the commission is said to be of the opt ion that munitions should he in ;ded. No Adjustment Nestr. Notwithstanding rumors to the con trary, an adjustment of this and other minor proposals was understood to he still far from accomplishments. I Hir ing the day it was reported that an agreement had virtually bee n reach 1 and that the success of the plan would be announced shortly, perhaps or. Monday. This was too optimists, m the opinion of those who profess t know precisely what the situation is. "We have not yet begun actual ne gotiations," one banker was quoted as saying. "Heretofore our discussion of possible terms has been confined i conversations. There is no detinue, concrete plan before us for considera tion, and I doubt if there will he fore the middle of next week SPLIT TWO , v viewed irom tne standpoint t American banker, the commission won nearly every proposal so f; i is standing decidedly firm on others at present discussed. Want Better Term-. There is a growing demand the bankers be afforded belter he- i n r nv TWO CHANGES ARE MADE IN U.S. CONSULAR SERVICE LABOR HEADS DEMAND BETTER WAGES AND HOURS (By the Associated Press.) 18 Among service an- Washington, Sept. changes in the consular nounced today were: William H. Gale, Leesburg, Va. Consul at Colon, promoted to Consul General, Christiania, Norway. Julius D. Dreher, of South Caro lina, uonsui at loronto, transferred to Colon. 3 MISSING AS U-BOAT SINKS BRITISH STEAMER (By the Associated Tress.) Pittsburgh, Pa., Sept. 18.. Members of the American Federation of Labor, the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and the Interna tional Association of Machinists tr.- day presented to E. M. Herr, pru dent of the Westinghcruse Electric and Manufacturing Company, a de mand for an eight hour day. twentv per cent increase in wages and pay ment at the rate of time and one-half for all overtime. Mr. Herr was ariven until next Thursday to reach a de cision. (By the Associated Press). London, Sept. 18. The British tank steamer San Zeferino, 6,4 30 tons gross, nas oeen lorpeaoea ana sunK by a submarine. Three members of her crew of 42 are missing. TROLLEY MEN NEUTRAL ON PROHIBITION QUESTION (By the Associated Tress) . Rochester, N. Y., Sept. 18. The Amalgamated Association of Street and Llectnc Railway employes of America, in its fourteenth biennial convention here today, adopted a reso lution lavonng enfranchisement of women and declaring the organization neutral on the question of prohibition in oraer to prevent exploitation of union membership by liquor dealers, the convention voted to bar liquor aeaiers memDersnip in the union. A resolution providing for the automatic retirement irom membership of members who become inspectors or loremen wasNjost by a large vote. DR. PICOTTE, INDIAN MISSIONARY, IS DEAD (By the Associated Tress). Walthill, Neb., Sept. 18. Dr. Susan LaFlesch Picotte, for manv vears prominent as a physician and mission ary worker among the Indians of this and adjoining States, died at her home here today at the age of 49. She was the daughter of Pierre LaFlesch. the last chief of the Omaha tribe. She was educated at HamDton In stitute and the Woman's Medical Col lege of Philadelphia and was well known as an author. GREAT GERMa'n ARMY REPORTED FOR TURKEY despite the reported declaration the commission that London and J' will not pay anyone more than per cent. The opposition to this st; on the part of the Americans, fair, it is said, to stiffen to the . degree as the opposition t h munitions included within the of the loan. The American financiers r.pp have had in mind continually the t which might be dealt American dustry should the commissioner in their work. At the beginni: . parleys, it was said, the commissi pointed out that the establishn-; the loan, in their opinion, was r vital to America than to -ith r ,; Britain or France. Today, nine days after the m sion's arrival here, the impf seemed to be gaining ground ' perhaps, this dark picture was i with a purpose, and that in y neither Great Britain nor : would let details of minor imp"1' shut to them the door of th great world market now left. ; Significance was attached drop in sterling today from 4 . w 4.69, cents a loss of overnight. three This ar.d :.-- could h-r happen, it was thought, if ments for the definite form. loan hud ;rr CONSCRIPTION OPPOSITION ENDORSED BY RAILROADERS (By the Associated Tress). Berlin, Sept. 18 (By wirel ess tn Tuckerton). An Overseas messaee from Constantinople quotes Enver Pasha, Turkish Minister of War, as saying a great German army will go to Turkey. (By the Associated Trt-s London, Sept. 18. The ..( committee of the Amalgamated i of Railway Servants ur.anirnou-r dorsed today the .statement ;n House of Commons on Thursday H. Thomas that conscription v bring on an industrial revoluti : that the railway workers wouhi work. The canal zone is planning t; fieldworks in certain exposed pi res.