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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
9 1 1 MfM " r r STRIKING INCIDENT OF THE WAR Chief Justice Walter Clark Tells of Rescue of Federal Officer Who Gave Masonic Signal of Distress " ' chief Justice Walter Clark recent ly usited at Monroe and was taken it, i he famous "Wajftiaw Settlements". n his return to Ilaleigh he sent the appended J-etter to ISditor K. F. Beas ley of the Monroe Journal relating in it a striking incident of the war and giving other interesting historical in-fcr-rcJttioiL canoe and the Thames and came eventuallv irPiH..nt The whole of this section ground full of historical and has been desrriri thus be- is classic associations in the well- My dear Mr, Beasley: Our party will always remember with pleasure our visit to your town nd county and the courtesy of ths l.i dies and gentlemen who welcomed us so cordially and went with us to the "Waxhaw Settlements." We feet isr.eciaily indebted to you. Thero is probably no ground with more his torical associations in this State than that section. Years ago I read Parton's life of Andrew Jackson with the affidavits, t t arty all from South Carolinians, fixing the locality of the birthplace of Andrew Jackson and have recently reraa mem. a visit to tne spot ana the surrounding's made clearer the truthfulness of his statement that Jackson was born in North Carolina. The home of "his father and mother on Twelve Mile crwk was many miles in North Carolina. At his death, his body was carried for burial to the Wtihuw church which is over the line in South Carolina, but his widow returned to North Carolina to tho residence of her brother-in-law, Mr. McKurnie, where her Eon was born M.Mn after his father's death. Not ery long after his birth his mother removed to the honre of another brother-in-law, Majctr Robert Craw ford, two or three mfle down the roHd and. cm the west of it, where the lirst fevr years of Andrew's life was Tent. It is owing to this, and the fact that the State line was not defi nitely located till 1848 that any con tusion arou-se. The visit we made on Saturday niHde clear the tenor of the affidavits collected by Parton who visited the pot in person, before the war. At that point the Stale line runs for sev eral miles north and south approxi mately with the Camden and Char- Kktte road, locally known as the "Steel '.n-eei road," Jackson's birthplace, very appropriately marked by a neat memorial erected by the Daughters r the Revolution on the spot where trie residence stood, Is some S00 yards east of this line but abont four miles north of the South Carolina line after it corners and runs due east and west to the Pee Dee river. The home of his father and mother, as I have isaid, was in North Carolina, several miles north of his birthplace. Stand ing at is birthplace we were shown in the distance the locality where was fought the battle of "Wahabs" some times calsd the Waxhaw fight. The road running close by the birth place goes on south to the spot of J3ufor' Massacre, and Camden Where Gates suffered his great de feat. Along this road Gt? made his hurried retreat with Cornwallis end Tarlton in hot pursuit- In full iew of the west, some 30 miles or more Is King's Mountain. Camden is rome 30 miles south, while Charlotte is less than 25 miles north. At Major Robert Crawford's, where Jackson upent his early years, President George Washington according to his diary pent a night on his return from his southern trip. It will be remember ed that he went south by way of Hal ifax, Tnrboro, New Bern, and Wil mington and returned by this road to Charlotte, Salisbury and Salem and it the latter spot there is still shown the houe where he spent a night and day.. Not far from Jackson's birthplace is the old Wahaw church, which we xisitd, where repose the remains of many Revolutionary heroes and of others who became distinguished in the State and Nation in later years. Near the grave of Jackson's father the tomb of Gen. William R. Davfc, vith the classic inscription written by his friend, Gaston, which is said to have no superior among mortuary me morials, Davie. Mas probably the most distinguished noldier from North Carolina in the Revolution, ihouch he was then a very young '"an. having b3en bora in 1756, in this section, which is also the scene f many of his exploits. He married daughter of Gen. Allen Jofies of Northampton, located in Halifax uhere his residence is still standing, tcarne a member of the legislature. 'Governor of the State, member of 'ongress and special Embassador to Before he was vet 50 years Known novel "'Ilorshnp !U,hin " In 1862-5 in the 35 North Caro ia Regiment, commanded hv rv.i Matt W. Ransom, later Confederate Brigadier General and after the for 2 3 years U. S. Senator, was Com pany F from Union county with a few men from Mecklenburg. Many of these boldi-ors were doubtless descend ants of the men from the Waxhaws who served heir COlintrv (lnrincr (Via Revolution. This companv was at first commanded by Capt. T. W. Red- wme wno was a member of the 'in stitutional Convention of 1875 and " niui'c! man ou years pass ea in tne practice of the medical pro fession has passed away full of hon via a. me wpe age or 84. ins son is one of the most distinguished mem Ders or tne bar in the State. The first Lieutenant of that company, aft erwards Captain. was Sanford Howie who is now also dead, one time 1 was 1st Lieutenant Adjutant of that regiment and iwil io your county recalls an dent or the battle of Sharpsburg. Md (.wtnch trra Federals called "Antie- tam ) which may be of some interest to the few survivors of Co. F and to ineir lrienas ana relatives in vour county, as well as to the Masonic brethren throughout the Stae ihe battle of Sharpsburg or An- tietam, Md., was one of the most crit ical and bloody battles of the war. It was fought by the Confederates in a bend of the Potomac river with their backs to the river and if our lines had been broken not one Confederate could ha.ve escaped on that day. It was styled the "Soldier's battle" for there was no room for generalship. When all our reinforcements were in. at 4 o'clock in the afternoon. the or hear I lea in to his and pro- G At and mv inci I ranee. Before he was vet 50 " a.ge, quitting public life, he remov '"o to L&nsford.. two miles from the Waxhaw church, in the immediate neighborhood of his birthplace and died there in 1S2Q. In 1798 when war with- France was imminent he was appointed a general at the special solicitation of George Wash ington, who was made commander-in 'hief. in 1812 he was tendered by President Madison the appointment ot Mujor General in the regular army hich he d-ecrined and William H Harrison was then annointed in his I lace who won the battle of Tippe Confederates numbered only 33,000 while McClellan's morning rolls, on file, show that he had over 100,000 in line at daybreak. But of course he was not aware of this disDaritv. Our regiment belonged to the bri gade commanded by Gen. Robert Ran som, Walker's Division and under the immediate command of Gen. Stone wall Jackson. About 9 o'clock in the morning, our command drove the enemy out of the "West Woods," which had already been twice fought over by McLaw's division and then by Hood's Texans. The enemy made five successive assaults during the day, oy nve din?rent corps out was each time driven back. The position of our brigade was on the eastern edge or the West woods and near the Dunkard church, where our reg imont charged and captured a section of artillery, Co. B 2 U. S. Regulars You will find a description of the bat tle in the N. C. Regimental Histories in your Court House in Vol. 5, pp. 71-82. Just after the second assault was repulsed, an officer from another part of the regiment came to Col. Ransom who happened to be immedi ately in the rear of Co. F and told him that a wounded man some fifty yards in front of his company had given the masonic signal of distress. He added that he thought he was an officer of high rank because the com mander of the brigade who came up with the first line on horseback had his horse killed under him at the turnnlke and he had then led his men on foot and when re was sho down at that spot some fifty yards in front of his company the enemy's line had broken and gone back. Lieutenant Howie and I being young officers nearest at hand volunteered to go out to bring him in. We were moved by the latter consideration for I was at that time lust a few days over 16 and knew nothing of Masonry, and I do not think Lieutenant Howie was a Mason for he could have been very little over 21. Col. Ransom, how ever was a Mason and permitted us, though with reluctance, to make the attempt. All this time we were un der a heavy shelling from the enemy's batteries nearly a mile away across the Antietam and the broken but re formed lines of the enemy were lying down in our front and had tnrown out a line of skirmishers who kept up a dropping fire to let us know that they were there and to discourage our advancing. When wa two emerged from the edge of the woods we expect - oi n T-niiv hut among the enemy s skirmishers there must have been some Masons wno iwu ucaiu -mc rmir. siCTial of distress for to our sur prise while the firing to the right ana nft -n-c vprvt nrt it immediately oeas- in our front. We could hardly nvni steDDimr on the dead and tvi sroiind was so thickly nyuiiu-4, v r- nr.,.fi1a vni when we reached the nnt ? found an officer badly wounded in the left shoulder and arm Col. Francis Win- i-mn Tsifrpv. of the 19 Mass Regiment who had commanded the brigade and lying by him on the ground was his Adjutant who was un- AoA hut who had remained to TrrtPrt his Colonel which he was do : hr fiomnine' with his hand the l"S " J . . . , . . . nnrl it was ne wno nau sent the masonic signal. With his aid, we brought Colonel Paifrev bark, his artery was protected bv a tourni-qu-ent and at the first lull in the Cell ing they were sent to the rear Tie begged to keep his side arms be cause he said the r,,l. m.'.nnit.,! ery handsome swt.rd had been tre- sented to him. i m ?nr--.-?i.n .f later we found on the b;;i.i.. rh.. u.i.r.ij 'Presented t(, Lieutenant Cob.n.d Francis Winthrop Palfrey ly Ma.--. Volunteers by th- town of 'oncor.'. Mass." (n the reverse of the bl.ul was the latin motto of his Stat-, which means in English, as vou know. "Hv the sword, we seek nenre " Colonel Palfrvy was verv reluctant to surrender his sword which he dil upon assurance that it would be pre served and returned to hi-r, fter ?lt war. Lieutenant Howb t-ok his sworil while his nistol n rem.i t-W.i ,K- handsom-e one fell to me Thev of fered us their watches, which' of course, we refused but cautioned them to conceal them or our IVmv.m guard would tret them. We never expected to see of Col. Paifrev again, but ins ed after the war) owing wounds he soon exchanged moted tor his gallant rv in this ha i tie to Brigadier General and again com manded his brigade in the battle of Fredericksburg, 13th December of that same year. We know not bin e- of that however, for our brigade at that battle was not in his front but on Mayre's Heights where Co. F from Union county aided in repulsing sev en successive assaults the ehief of Which was led bv Thomas Francis Meagher's Irish brigade with the green llag and ".Sunburst." After the war when Gn. Ransom was a candi date for the U. S. Senate he men tioned to me one dav at Wei don th:tt he. had received a letter from Gen eral Palfrey inquiring about his sword. 1 recalled the incident to his memory and wrote to Capt. Howie who according to promise had kept the sword which he sent to Senator Ran som at Washington who delivered it to one of the Massachusetts Senators. The other weapons mentioned had teen given by us to friends or lost, and could not be traced. I was deeply impressed by the ma sonic incident and esoeciallv bv the cessation of the fire when we went out to the wounded officer, expecting a volley. After the war, as soon as I became of the requisite age, I join ed the masonic fraternitv. When on the Superior Court Bench at the court beld in your county in the spring of 188 8 I met Col. Howie and the survivors of his company and we all recalled this incident. It is mentioned in the "Regimental His tories" but not as fully as it is given here. Some years lat-er, when editing the Regimental Histories" at the re quest of the Confederate Veterans of this State, I wrote to several Northern Generals to verify data and among others to General Palfrey. His widow wrote me a verv courteous re ply stating that her husband was dead but that he had written a vol- WAR KEEPS ENTIRE ROYAL FAMILY BUSY Mil ties i ! oi a v s Either F Nu rsiiu Hi! rv oL it Ne V Th- s.ni t ha t-r-'Uk.- Itali-.n n; 1 'I11M1.I n d war the entire Victor Km supreme i his two cousins and the Ci.unt of command of an : Duke ( f the Abl chief of the llah t i.- D Turin. ! inv A. - to K in :a ! n ; s i ' i: : r: . a r: i ; f r P. : s and the Prince of Cdin... an "to r :;n . f the King, is in command a ;;;!;:'. -.v flotilla. Th-re ar two s.uis .f the Duke of Aosta in tin army, both : ing in the ranks as oi !nti'rs. .:jd a son of the Duke of O noa. the Km; uncle, is a sub-lieut' nant of ,trt;ii. ry. The Duke of Genoa has I e-n appoint ed lieutenant-general or wo roy dur ing the Kind's abs. me fimn Pome. Queen F.lena, Dowai r Queen M.ir- the Duchess of Aosta .ii.d 11 working hard loss h os 'li ef relief f.r ume "Antietam and Fredericksburg" of which she sent me a copy, which I still have in my library. The survivors of Co. F will re member the above incident and it may be of some slight interest to others among your large circle of readers, especially the friends of Captain Howie. Most truly yours. W A L.T E R C L A R K. Raleigh, Sept. 13, 1915. BAB IKS THIHVK ON SUFFKAGK. Women Use Statistics to Kcfutc an Old Theory. New York Evening Post. severed artery. The Kmpire State Campaign Com mittee has assembTed statistics in an effort to refute the theory that votes for women means fewer children. The committee compares olorado with Maine. With almost the same popu lation, but with 2,000 fewer mothers, Colorado had 18,913 estimated births in 1910, while Maine had l,li8. Jn Maine, the. figures ;).ow. 1,743 babies died in their first year, while tne num ber in Colorado was nearly, iuu less. The Committee also puts California down as the "Banner Baby State for the year, having a larger percentage of births than am' other State. The lowest infant mortality figures the United States are to oe lounu the suffrage city of Seattle. Wash. These are only a little nigner man in equal-suffrage Australian and New Zealand, which have the best infant morta-litv records in the world. Close on the heels of Seattle comes Oakland. Cal with an 87.2 mortality of infants to every 1,000 live births. The high est infant mortality in the United States is in Massachusetts and in the cities of Fall River and Lowell. Four male suffrage States in the Union, whose population about parall els California's, lose from 1.000 to 2, 000 more babies every year than Cali fornia loses. One of these States is New Jersey. gherita, Princess Letitia are in connection with R-d tals and the organi.ation soldiers' families. As soon as war was declared Queen Klena insisted on oerseeing all arrangements for wounded and sick soldiers, aid. de spite the admirable organization of the Army' Medical Corps and the Red Cross, her experience served to im prove even what was supposed to b perfect. The Queen has been interested in hospital work ever since her girlhood, when under her mother'." tuition she learned lessons in attending to wounds. Kvery woman in Mont, ne gro Is expected to know all about minor surgery, as the Montenegrin army has no medical corps and the women must take care of the wout.d ed soldiers. When the Princess of Montenegro became Queen of Italy her first work of mercy was tending the wounded in a serious railroad accident at 'astel Giubileo near Rome. It wa.s due to the Queen's efforts that relief and rescue work was started promptly after the Messina earthquake and again during the1 recent Avezzano earthquake when the work was harder as meuicai supplies, blankets and pro visions had all been sent to the front for the war then expected at any mo ment and the relief of the earthquake survivors was almost a hopeless task. The Queen delegated the Duchess of Aosta, who graduated as a Red Cross nurse during the Tripoli war, to take her place as directress-general of the Red Cross. This post is undoubtedly the most exacting ever held by a member of a royal family, since It means a continuous and complete in spection of every base and reserve hospital in Italy. It is roughly esti mated that, excluding the field hos pitals and ambulances at the front, which are in charge of the Army Med ical Corps, there are at lea.st a, 000 hospitals scattered throughout Italy In hotels. convents, private palaces, schools, etc. The Duchess of Aosta has to travel from one end of Italy to another inspecting these hospitals. She is accompanied by Sister Caroline, an Knglish nursing sister, who Took care of the Duke of Aosta when was seriously ill with typhus last year. Dowager Queen Margherita. after spending nearly all the summer in Rome until the hospital she opened in the Palazetto, or small palaee, in th in in Details of a curious family compli ration come from St. Gall. Switzer land. A naturalized Swiss citizen man by birth, is married to a nan IXlS UlUUlCl-m-ian u u0 oo-ain.srt the Servians and the husband of his sister-in-law is righting the Ausrrians. Of the Ger- Hunra-fightinc against man's two garden of her villa, w;us ready, has gone north for a short rst. Her hos pital is a model of perfection, and it i? equipped with all modern improve ments for surgical and medical cases. Queen Margherita has regained all the popularity which seemed to ha- re verted to Queen Klena. Her reply to the Kaiser's telegram asking her o jdead with her son and aert a war between Italy and Germany conclu sively proved that although a L-.od Catholic she. unlike the majority rf Italian clericals, is not a neutralist Despite her age. the .jueen mother has been indefatigable in visiting hos pitals and workrooms. Sh- has con tributed largely toward the relief . soldiers' families and equipped at her expense an entire hospital train The war has rejuvenated the K.r.r The open air life he b ads at the j i --r:t has benefited his health. He is no longer nervous, and the ha racier i -t : twitching of his mouth has di.-ip-peared. Although not robust in ap pearance, the King can stand !.tig-. and even lack of sleep better than h. aids, younger men who follow 'hr' King everywhere and have to 'r occasionally a few days leave f..r a rest. Victor Hmmunuel never more than six hours, and he sp-r;. the remaining eighteen of each dav ;n motoring along the front, visiting ad the encampments. Recently the Km happened to pass near a podtion where almost an entire army corp was massed preparatory to advancr.tr aeainst the enemv. The men cheered brothers, one is m a Prussian regi ment and the other is serving France under General Gallieni. the King tion wa.s that even nied him soldiers in wildly, and the dernonsira so spontaneous and sincere the Generals who accompa were moved and joined th shouting "I-vviva ili:e. I - -?-, - - f 1- ? I . i U I - ' i i V1 V ' I - 'J Ma- nit i M t ? i I -1 t ' 11 i -4 -9 it- ) i 1 , 4 4 i V i 1 si i I? . is IK 4i . . . i ' t 1 . ' - t . 1