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The farmer and mechanic. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 18??-19??, September 21, 1915, Image 9

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Chief Justice Walter Clark Tells of Rescue of Federal
Officer Who Gave Masonic Signal of Distress " '
chief Justice Walter Clark recent
ly usited at Monroe and was taken
it, i he famous "Wajftiaw Settlements".
n his return to Ilaleigh he sent the
appended J-etter to ISditor K. F. Beas
ley of the Monroe Journal relating in
it a striking incident of the war and
giving other interesting historical in-fcr-rcJttioiL
canoe and the Thames and
came eventuallv irPiH..nt
The whole of this section
ground full of historical
and has been desrriri
thus be-
is classic
in the well-
My dear Mr, Beasley:
Our party will always remember
with pleasure our visit to your town
nd county and the courtesy of ths
l.i dies and gentlemen who welcomed
us so cordially and went with us to
the "Waxhaw Settlements." We feet
isr.eciaily indebted to you. Thero
is probably no ground with more his
torical associations in this State than
that section.
Years ago I read Parton's life of
Andrew Jackson with the affidavits,
t t arty all from South Carolinians,
fixing the locality of the birthplace of
Andrew Jackson and have recently
reraa mem. a visit to tne spot ana
the surrounding's made clearer the
truthfulness of his statement that
Jackson was born in North Carolina.
The home of "his father and mother on
Twelve Mile crwk was many miles
in North Carolina. At his death, his
body was carried for burial to the
Wtihuw church which is over the
line in South Carolina, but his widow
returned to North Carolina to tho
residence of her brother-in-law, Mr.
McKurnie, where her Eon was born
M.Mn after his father's death. Not
ery long after his birth his mother
removed to the honre of another
brother-in-law, Majctr Robert Craw
ford, two or three mfle down the
roHd and. cm the west of it, where the
lirst fevr years of Andrew's life was
Tent. It is owing to this, and the
fact that the State line was not defi
nitely located till 1848 that any con
tusion arou-se.
The visit we made on Saturday
niHde clear the tenor of the affidavits
collected by Parton who visited the
pot in person, before the war. At
that point the Stale line runs for sev
eral miles north and south approxi
mately with the Camden and Char-
Kktte road, locally known as the "Steel
'.n-eei road," Jackson's birthplace,
very appropriately marked by a neat
memorial erected by the Daughters
r the Revolution on the spot where
trie residence stood, Is some S00 yards
east of this line but abont four miles
north of the South Carolina line after
it corners and runs due east and
west to the Pee Dee river. The home
of his father and mother, as I have
isaid, was in North Carolina, several
miles north of his birthplace. Stand
ing at is birthplace we were shown
in the distance the locality where was
fought the battle of "Wahabs" some
times calsd the Waxhaw fight.
The road running close by the birth
place goes on south to the spot of
J3ufor' Massacre, and Camden
Where Gates suffered his great de
feat. Along this road Gt? made
his hurried retreat with Cornwallis
end Tarlton in hot pursuit- In full
iew of the west, some 30 miles or
more Is King's Mountain. Camden is
rome 30 miles south, while Charlotte
is less than 25 miles north. At Major
Robert Crawford's, where Jackson
upent his early years, President George
Washington according to his diary
pent a night on his return from his
southern trip. It will be remember
ed that he went south by way of Hal
ifax, Tnrboro, New Bern, and Wil
mington and returned by this road to
Charlotte, Salisbury and Salem and
it the latter spot there is still shown
the houe where he spent a night and
Not far from Jackson's birthplace
is the old Wahaw church, which we
xisitd, where repose the remains of
many Revolutionary heroes and of
others who became distinguished in
the State and Nation in later years.
Near the grave of Jackson's father
the tomb of Gen. William R. Davfc,
vith the classic inscription written by
his friend, Gaston, which is said to
have no superior among mortuary me
morials, Davie. Mas probably the
most distinguished noldier from
North Carolina in the Revolution,
ihouch he was then a very young
'"an. having b3en bora in 1756, in
this section, which is also the scene
f many of his exploits. He married
daughter of Gen. Allen Jofies of
Northampton, located in Halifax
uhere his residence is still standing,
tcarne a member of the legislature.
'Governor of the State, member of
'ongress and special Embassador to
Before he was vet 50 years
Known novel "'Ilorshnp !U,hin "
In 1862-5 in the 35 North Caro
ia Regiment, commanded hv rv.i
Matt W. Ransom, later Confederate
Brigadier General and after the
for 2 3 years U. S. Senator, was Com
pany F from Union county with a
few men from Mecklenburg. Many of
these boldi-ors were doubtless descend
ants of the men from the Waxhaws
who served heir COlintrv (lnrincr (Via
Revolution. This companv was at
first commanded by Capt. T. W. Red-
wme wno was a member of the 'in
stitutional Convention of 1875 and
" niui'c! man ou years pass
ea in tne practice of the medical pro
fession has passed away full of hon
via a. me wpe age or 84. ins son
is one of the most distinguished mem
Ders or tne bar in the State. The
first Lieutenant of that company, aft
erwards Captain. was Sanford
Howie who is now also dead,
one time 1 was 1st Lieutenant
Adjutant of that regiment and
iwil io your county recalls an
dent or the battle of Sharpsburg. Md
(.wtnch trra Federals called "Antie-
tam ) which may be of some interest
to the few survivors of Co. F and to
ineir lrienas ana relatives in vour
county, as well as to the Masonic
brethren throughout the Stae
ihe battle of Sharpsburg or An-
tietam, Md., was one of the most crit
ical and bloody battles of the war. It
was fought by the Confederates in a
bend of the Potomac river with their
backs to the river and if our lines had
been broken not one Confederate
could ha.ve escaped on that day. It
was styled the "Soldier's battle" for
there was no room for generalship.
When all our reinforcements were in.
at 4 o'clock in the afternoon. the
or hear
I lea in
to his
and pro-
I ranee. Before he was vet 50
" a.ge, quitting public life, he remov
'"o to L&nsford.. two miles from the
Waxhaw church, in the immediate
neighborhood of his birthplace and
died there in 1S2Q. In 1798 when
war with- France was imminent he
was appointed a general at the
special solicitation of George Wash
ington, who was made commander-in
'hief. in 1812 he was tendered by
President Madison the appointment
ot Mujor General in the regular army
hich he d-ecrined and William H
Harrison was then annointed in his
I lace who won the battle of Tippe
Confederates numbered only 33,000
while McClellan's morning rolls, on
file, show that he had over 100,000
in line at daybreak. But of course
he was not aware of this disDaritv.
Our regiment belonged to the bri
gade commanded by Gen. Robert Ran
som, Walker's Division and under the
immediate command of Gen. Stone
wall Jackson. About 9 o'clock in
the morning, our command drove the
enemy out of the "West Woods,"
which had already been twice fought
over by McLaw's division and then by
Hood's Texans. The enemy made
five successive assaults during the
day, oy nve din?rent corps out was
each time driven back. The position
of our brigade was on the eastern
edge or the West woods and near
the Dunkard church, where our reg
imont charged and captured a section
of artillery, Co. B 2 U. S. Regulars
You will find a description of the bat
tle in the N. C. Regimental Histories
in your Court House in Vol. 5, pp.
71-82. Just after the second assault
was repulsed, an officer from another
part of the regiment came to Col.
Ransom who happened to be immedi
ately in the rear of Co. F and told
him that a wounded man some fifty
yards in front of his company had
given the masonic signal of distress.
He added that he thought he was an
officer of high rank because the com
mander of the brigade who came up
with the first line on horseback had
his horse killed under him at the
turnnlke and he had then led his
men on foot and when re was sho
down at that spot some fifty yards in
front of his company the enemy's line
had broken and gone back. Lieutenant
Howie and I being young officers
nearest at hand volunteered to go
out to bring him in. We were moved
by the latter consideration for I was
at that time lust a few days over
16 and knew nothing of Masonry, and
I do not think Lieutenant Howie was
a Mason for he could have been very
little over 21. Col. Ransom, how
ever was a Mason and permitted us,
though with reluctance, to make the
attempt. All this time we were un
der a heavy shelling from the enemy's
batteries nearly a mile away across
the Antietam and the broken but re
formed lines of the enemy were lying
down in our front and had tnrown
out a line of skirmishers who kept
up a dropping fire to let us know that
they were there and to discourage our
advancing. When wa two emerged
from the edge of the woods we expect -
oi n T-niiv hut among the enemy s
skirmishers there must have been
some Masons wno iwu ucaiu -mc
rmir. siCTial of distress for to our sur
prise while the firing to the right ana
nft -n-c vprvt nrt it immediately oeas-
in our front. We could hardly
nvni steDDimr on the dead and
tvi sroiind was so thickly
nyuiiu-4, v r-
nr.,.fi1a vni when we reached the
nnt ? found an officer badly
wounded in the left shoulder and arm
Col. Francis Win-
i-mn Tsifrpv. of the 19 Mass
Regiment who had commanded the
brigade and lying by him on the
ground was his Adjutant who was un-
AoA hut who had remained to
TrrtPrt his Colonel which he was do
: hr fiomnine' with his hand the
l"S " J . . . , . . .
nnrl it was ne wno nau
sent the masonic signal. With his
aid, we brought Colonel Paifrev bark,
his artery was protected bv a tourni-qu-ent
and at the first lull in the Cell
ing they were sent to the rear Tie
begged to keep his side arms be
cause he said the r,,l. m.'.nnit.,!
ery handsome swt.rd had been tre-
sented to him. i m ?nr--.-?i.n .f
later we found on the b;;i.i.. rh.. u.i.r.ij
'Presented t(, Lieutenant Cob.n.d
Francis Winthrop Palfrey ly Ma.--.
Volunteers by th- town of 'oncor.'.
Mass." (n the reverse of the bl.ul
was the latin motto of his Stat-, which
means in English, as vou know. "Hv
the sword, we seek nenre "
Colonel Palfrvy was verv reluctant
to surrender his sword which he dil
upon assurance that it would be pre
served and returned to hi-r, fter ?lt
war. Lieutenant Howb t-ok his
sworil while his nistol n rem.i t-W.i ,K-
handsom-e one fell to me Thev of
fered us their watches, which' of
course, we refused but cautioned
them to conceal them or our IVmv.m
guard would tret them.
We never expected to see
of Col. Paifrev again, but ins
ed after the war) owing
wounds he soon exchanged
moted tor his gallant rv in this ha i tie
to Brigadier General and again com
manded his brigade in the battle of
Fredericksburg, 13th December of
that same year. We know not bin e-
of that however, for our brigade at
that battle was not in his front but
on Mayre's Heights where Co. F from
Union county aided in repulsing sev
en successive assaults the ehief of
Which was led bv Thomas Francis
Meagher's Irish brigade with the
green llag and ".Sunburst." After the
war when Gn. Ransom was a candi
date for the U. S. Senate he men
tioned to me one dav at Wei don th:tt
he. had received a letter from Gen
eral Palfrey inquiring about his
sword. 1 recalled the incident to his
memory and wrote to Capt. Howie who
according to promise had kept the
sword which he sent to Senator Ran
som at Washington who delivered it
to one of the Massachusetts Senators.
The other weapons mentioned had
teen given by us to friends or lost,
and could not be traced.
I was deeply impressed by the ma
sonic incident and esoeciallv bv the
cessation of the fire when we went
out to the wounded officer, expecting
a volley. After the war, as soon as I
became of the requisite age, I join
ed the masonic fraternitv. When on
the Superior Court Bench at the
court beld in your county in the
spring of 188 8 I met Col. Howie
and the survivors of his company and
we all recalled this incident. It is
mentioned in the "Regimental His
tories" but not as fully as it is given
Some years lat-er, when editing the
Regimental Histories" at the re
quest of the Confederate Veterans
of this State, I wrote to several
Northern Generals to verify data and
among others to General Palfrey. His
widow wrote me a verv courteous re
ply stating that her husband was
dead but that he had written a vol-
i !
oi a v s
Either F
Nu rsiiu
oL it
Ne V
s.ni t
ha t-r-'Uk.-
n; 1
'I11M1.I n d
the entire
Victor Km
supreme i
his two cousins
and the Ci.unt of
command of an :
Duke ( f the Abl
chief of the llah
i.- D
! inv
A. -
! n
; s i ' i: : r: . a r: i ; f r
P. : s and the
Prince of Cdin... an "to r :;n . f the
King, is in command a ;;;!;:'. -.v
flotilla. Th-re ar two s.uis .f the
Duke of Aosta in tin army, both :
ing in the ranks as oi !nti'rs. .:jd a
son of the Duke of O noa. the Km;
uncle, is a sub-lieut' nant of ,trt;ii. ry.
The Duke of Genoa has I e-n appoint
ed lieutenant-general or wo roy dur
ing the Kind's abs. me fimn Pome.
Queen F.lena, Dowai r Queen M.ir-
the Duchess of Aosta .ii.d
working hard
loss h os 'li
ef relief f.r
ume "Antietam and Fredericksburg"
of which she sent me a copy, which I
still have in my library.
The survivors of Co. F will re
member the above incident and it may
be of some slight interest to others
among your large circle of readers,
especially the friends of Captain
Most truly yours.
W A L.T E R C L A R K.
Raleigh, Sept. 13, 1915.
Women Use Statistics to Kcfutc an Old
New York Evening Post.
severed artery.
The Kmpire State Campaign Com
mittee has assembTed statistics in an
effort to refute the theory that votes
for women means fewer children. The
committee compares olorado with
Maine. With almost the same popu
lation, but with 2,000 fewer mothers,
Colorado had 18,913 estimated births
in 1910, while Maine had l,li8. Jn
Maine, the. figures ;).ow. 1,743 babies
died in their first year, while tne num
ber in Colorado was nearly, iuu less.
The Committee also puts California
down as the "Banner Baby State for
the year, having a larger percentage
of births than am' other State.
The lowest infant mortality figures
the United States are to oe lounu
the suffrage city of Seattle. Wash.
These are only a little nigner man in
equal-suffrage Australian and New
Zealand, which have the best infant
morta-litv records in the world. Close
on the heels of Seattle comes Oakland.
Cal with an 87.2 mortality of infants
to every 1,000 live births. The high
est infant mortality in the United
States is in Massachusetts and in the
cities of Fall River and Lowell.
Four male suffrage States in the
Union, whose population about parall
els California's, lose from 1.000 to 2,
000 more babies every year than Cali
fornia loses. One of these States is
New Jersey.
Princess Letitia are
in connection with R-d
tals and the organi.ation
soldiers' families. As soon as war
was declared Queen Klena insisted on
oerseeing all arrangements for
wounded and sick soldiers, aid. de
spite the admirable organization of
the Army' Medical Corps and the Red
Cross, her experience served to im
prove even what was supposed to b
The Queen has been interested in
hospital work ever since her girlhood,
when under her mother'." tuition she
learned lessons in attending to
wounds. Kvery woman in Mont, ne
gro Is expected to know all about
minor surgery, as the Montenegrin
army has no medical corps and the
women must take care of the wout.d
ed soldiers.
When the Princess of Montenegro
became Queen of Italy her first work
of mercy was tending the wounded in
a serious railroad accident at 'astel
Giubileo near Rome. It wa.s due to
the Queen's efforts that relief and
rescue work was started promptly
after the Messina earthquake and
again during the1 recent Avezzano
earthquake when the work was harder
as meuicai supplies, blankets and pro
visions had all been sent to the front
for the war then expected at any mo
ment and the relief of the earthquake
survivors was almost a hopeless task.
The Queen delegated the Duchess of
Aosta, who graduated as a Red Cross
nurse during the Tripoli war, to take
her place as directress-general of the
Red Cross. This post is undoubtedly
the most exacting ever held by a
member of a royal family, since It
means a continuous and complete in
spection of every base and reserve
hospital in Italy. It is roughly esti
mated that, excluding the field hos
pitals and ambulances at the front,
which are in charge of the Army Med
ical Corps, there are at lea.st a, 000
hospitals scattered throughout Italy In
hotels. convents, private palaces,
schools, etc. The Duchess of Aosta
has to travel from one end of Italy to
another inspecting these hospitals.
She is accompanied by Sister Caroline,
an Knglish nursing sister, who Took
care of the Duke of Aosta when
was seriously ill with typhus last year.
Dowager Queen Margherita. after
spending nearly all the summer in
Rome until the hospital she opened in
the Palazetto, or small palaee, in th
Details of a curious family compli
ration come from St. Gall. Switzer
land. A naturalized Swiss citizen
man by birth, is married to a
nan IXlS UlUUlCl-m-ian u u0
oo-ain.srt the Servians and the husband
of his sister-in-law is righting
the Ausrrians. Of
man's two
garden of her villa, w;us ready, has
gone north for a short rst. Her hos
pital is a model of perfection, and it i?
equipped with all modern improve
ments for surgical and medical cases.
Queen Margherita has regained all the
popularity which seemed to ha- re
verted to Queen Klena. Her reply to
the Kaiser's telegram asking her o
jdead with her son and aert a war
between Italy and Germany conclu
sively proved that although a L-.od
Catholic she. unlike the majority rf
Italian clericals, is not a neutralist
Despite her age. the .jueen mother
has been indefatigable in visiting hos
pitals and workrooms. Sh- has con
tributed largely toward the relief .
soldiers' families and equipped at her
expense an entire hospital train
The war has rejuvenated the K.r.r
The open air life he b ads at the j i --r:t
has benefited his health. He is no
longer nervous, and the ha racier i -t :
twitching of his mouth has di.-ip-peared.
Although not robust in ap
pearance, the King can stand !.tig-.
and even lack of sleep better than h.
aids, younger men who follow 'hr'
King everywhere and have to 'r
occasionally a few days leave f..r a
rest. Victor Hmmunuel never
more than six hours, and he sp-r;.
the remaining eighteen of each dav ;n
motoring along the front, visiting ad
the encampments. Recently the Km
happened to pass near a podtion
where almost an entire army corp
was massed preparatory to advancr.tr
aeainst the enemv. The men cheered
brothers, one is m a Prussian regi
ment and the other is serving France
under General Gallieni.
the King
tion wa.s
that even
nied him
soldiers in
wildly, and the dernonsira
so spontaneous and sincere
the Generals who accompa
were moved and joined th
shouting "I-vviva ili:e.
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