Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
The Farmer and Mechanic WEEKLY, NON-PARTISAN PAPER- FOR THE HOME, FARM, SCHOOL, FACTORY AND FIRESIDE. RALEIGH, N. C. CAREFUL AS TO COTTON. Communications in Agricultural Topics and Questions Relating to Labor and Education In vited. THE FARMER AND MECHANIC, Raleigh, X. C. Entered at the postofflce at Raleigh, N. C, as second -class mall matter. ALL FOR $1.70 There has never been offered in North Caro lina so much good reading for so little money as we are offering under the following proposition: For $1.70 we will bend the following for one The Weekly News and Observer, an eight pgo weekly newspaper. The Commoner, an able monthly journal, published -by William Jennings Bryan. The Farmer and Mechanic, sixteen page North Carolina Iwmc and rarm weekly journal. Thus for One Dollar and Seventy Cents you can get all thCM papers one year. V. C. MOORE, Manager. Mo rn ing Toni 1C (Isaiah i: 17.) LEARN to do weU; seek judgment, relieve the oppressed, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow. Wo have with us now the football season. The figures of that loan appear now to be on the toboggan in place of the elevator. Going down. Chicago having had its Eastland horror in vestigation New York counters with an investi gation of its subway dynamite blow-up horror. Bulgaria will; Bulgaria won't. Bulgaria is hlill the riddle that is Balkan 'em all. That's neat, now isn't it? The youngster and the fiobert rifle i a com bination which should be watched. A seven v ear-old boy of Scotland Neck has just acci dentally shot his two-year-old brother. Those Raleigh people who have been pes tered and bitten by mosquitos of late in Raleigh will please just think it was a dream, is the advice of our aggrieved afternoon local con temporary. It i. announced, that the next Republican Na tional Convention will go to the city making the highest bid. that it will cost the selected city about $500,000. Getting in the auction clans like Bulgaria! And now Ty Cobb ha.s gone and broken the teeord in the American League for stealing bases, SO bases being put down to his credit thus far in the present .reason. Another case of base work. It is certain that the man named Onion who i running for ofiiee in Illinois is going to make a strong race, juM an certain, in fact, that the candidate named Catts in another State is going to make a noise in his contest Lead us to Bremen. They are ready there to pay ltJ cent? a pound for a million bales of American cotton. But what would be the price offered for a glass of water in the heated lower legions? It's the delivery that is the trouble. At the rate the discussion is proceeding- it looks as if pretty soon it will be charged the liner Hesperian was trying to torpedo a subma rine and that it was the "busting" of a gun aboard that vessel which accounts for the piece t.f torpedo metal found on its deck. Trices for cotton are up. The staple is sell ing at around eleven cents a pound, and men who study cotton, figures are expressing their belief that the market is going higher. In some parts of the South organizations are urging the farmers to hold for twelve and one-half cents a pound, and some are advocating a wait for fifteen cents a pound. This should be borne in mind. No one knows what cotton is going to do. It is an "onsartln" problem. Some one has said "cotton is a darned fool." In place of going on up, there may be a Change, and It may go the other way. The matter of fluctuations requires careful study, and when this is made there should always be held in mind that if cotton is dumped on the market with a great rush this invitee a drop in prices. Cotton is not going to spoil because it is kept on hand. It is not a perishable product. Sena tor Ellison D.JSmith, of South Carolina, in his address before the Raleigh Chamber of Com merce last week, told of a South Carolina bale 52 years old in which tbe staple was in perfect condition, the cotton graders being unable to say whether it was two or more years old. It is a product which is always of value, and being a commodity of the non-perishable kind it can be kept indefinitely. Cotton producers who owe money should not hold off selling cotton to the hurt of the men who have advanced money or given credit. Squared accounts should be the first thing. Then there should be careful watching of conditions, for no man wants to sell cotton at a low figure when if by waiting a little while more money could be obtained. Circumstances should guide, and as for us when cotton' is selling around eleven cents a pound we are going to tell no man not to sell or to sell. All that we can say is that the price is good, and that the advices we receive is that the market has an upward trend. Now the, reports come that there is to be a citizens' military training camp at Fort Bliss, Texa. Permit u to suggest that this will be a case of shaking a red flag in the face of one V. Iluerta, now on the inside of the bars at the aforementioned Fort Bliss. In all this commotion about the billion dollar loan to the entente allies, the mobilization of Bulgaria and Greece, the usury charges against banks by Federal Reserve Commissioner Hard ing, the 80 per cent valuation of property in Mecklenburg, do not let us forget that Carranza is still about. ALL TO THE GOOD. August is usually a month in which there is not expected an especially large business, one of those summer months when affairs move slowly. Yet last August our imports amounted to $141,729,635, the largest recorded in any pre vious August except 1912, when they were lar ger by some $13,000,000. And in August our exports were greater than our large imports by $120,246,133. If such figures as these do not show prosperity, what are we to expect from prosperity ? - This country is getting in a stronger finan cial position straight along, and bountiful crops abound. The South is seeing the price of cotton climb. But to return to this matter of imports and exports consider this from the New York Commercial: Calamity howlers have been minimizing the importance of our enormous exports as an indication of domestic prosperity by showing that our imports had fallen -off and by claiming that this proved a lack of buying power and consumptive demand which should accompany real prosperity. They were wrong, because the decrease in our imports was due to our inability to get merchandise from Europe and not to our inability or lack of desire to pay for it. Importers are adjusting their operations to changed conditions. Had we b sen able to import articles that we need and would gladly buy from Germany and Austria our August imports would have broken all pre vious records. When the people of this country import on a large scale and buy home-made automobiles in record breaking quantities it is hard to deny the existence of well distributed prosperity. August exports exceeded the large im ports by $120,248,133. August is usually a slack month and if the increase later in the year are proportionately great we will prob ably accumulate a favorable trade balance of two billion dollars for the calendar year. 'Hie billion-dollar mark has already been passed and the heavy movements of grain and cotton are yet to come. August records were surpassed in earlier months, but the maintenance of our foreign trade in the dull season is very encouraging. 'The Farm Life Edition" of the Yadkin Val ley Herald, of Salisbury, an issue of 24 pages in three sections, is an attractive and valuable newspaper publication. Farming and farm prob lems are given attention by men who know practically of farm conditions. It is not a "boo-t" or show edition, but carries a message to men and women who want to know about farms and farming from men who know. It is a helpful edition issued in first-class style and reflects the highest credit on Editor J f Hurley. EXPER FENCE AND THE vOHu. There are big chunks of wisdom ii view with Governor Crai puIUm - . paper this morning. lie does r.-.-t i words, but In condensed form he Y ill, n yj iu luc iuiui. The South has learned by expei says, that it must not bank entirely on r,. that it must diversify. Truly he iv.ys was hard hit last vear when cotton ..... ing towards bottom figures, but from -ha ns of those days he well holds :hn.T . learned a lesson which will pay for in cc if tVierft ia -practiced diversification ...... are ready for the emergency. This year the emergency ann.wr- - - - - - . .j, agree with Governor Craig that the b'. -; that helps is that Secretary- of the Tr McAdoo grave the assurance that therp w : millions of American dollars of poc:-r.:;, could borrow at six per cent to tide ot the market went up. This Inspired -ho producers with confidence and they wore r . to sit steady, and have been sitting sf-auy. The assurance of money backing gY..-r. Secretary McAdoo, as Governor Craig well x, 'Vd much to do with thf nrpssnt n-.-.m.,. dition of the cotton market." It shows U..v; Democratic administration is the frir-.i . f farmer, just as it is the friend of ail the ?v Indeed it is good for the people of this c ur. trsf Vio Tl a m n n t q rr $c in r-Viivenk ',ti.i t , vi- row Wilson is President The policy ..f nartv rvnd tVip. n.d minist m t ? tin of iffnV. 1.. - ,. dent Wilson, are things which are makin- in these present days. THE FORUM OF TOE PEOPLK. This morning there will be found oi an..; page a number of communications to the n and Observer in a department which thin has designated as "The Forum of the iv,.r They give the views of their writer u. topics of present day interest. Same of these articles are som.-w h .j ;. than we desire for that department, but in tions this paper makes use of those n lu.r.d the same lime asking tnat tnose or our v-:, who hereafter contribute to that drp i.? ti;e : brief, keeping their letters inside of tlue I dred words whenever possible. Longer i munications may have to be carried ovr then may never be used, as their timtiin-s have departed. ers on matters of live interest of th" l.v subjects which merit a place in its column, order to be published such comimniKa' must always be signed with the name - r writer, as tlie Jews and Observer ot.e,-: n- . lish anonymous communications. The war in Europe has certainly n :r -i news values. Under a one-line heading in papers or yesterday tnere appeared: !-: tons gross, from New York Sept'-int-et- l- That was all. In other days it would Ik.. a scare head story of at least a -jIumn. SecTctary Garrison. Raleigh now gets in the spotlight with other places in the jitney mix-up. New York Times The place for Lindley AI. Ourn.s..!. - head of the War Department. As -r War he has developed extraordinary ';" the nation will expect him to rnn tirv r post untii the work of strengthening ' defenses, which he has undertaken carried out according to his well-torm'-'. A change in the department might n-sjo -plexities. Secretarr Garrison ha s .stuu; situation tnorougniy, nis views ar i is a man of moderation whose ideus extravagant, he is not a militarist. Th- : of the views of certain public men on o it : militarj' needs are so extravagant un.i so great ignorance of existing conditi"' -throw into high relief the wisdom. ! ' and intelligent conception of his d-ny "x by Mr. Garrison. We do not believe he can b imr v1'' sign his position by a promise of : n- . next year for the Governorship of X'--' it. . i . j" a t i , i : ur me lure oi a enatorsnip. nif end is probably as futile as it is unwi.-' is not encouraging to know that aurny making to get him out of the War DP;,! before the end of his term. There i- aeai or. nard vork tor Mr. (iarrison there, and there is not too much time v in. He is the one man now in the a dm tion best fitted to check ihe opponent -sort of army extension, to combat the '-xu ana 10 oring aoout a tnorougn j-i"i" United States Arrnv on a wise and e 'r r- -r