THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
STATE FAIR PRONOUNCED SUCCESS,
THAT OF 1916 fill BE BETTER YET
(HIOV If. IJUTLKIt)
Southern Pines, Oct. 30. Up to
last week a Ktory of the State r'air
coming from me might have been re
garded as biased by a personal desire
to nee the fair a success. As the fair
closed a week afro yesterday and my
connection with it ceased then what I
have to say may be taken as the
opinion of a newspaper man, viewed
solely with the newspaper eye, or if
prejudiced at all, prejudiced by that
Interest in the progress of the State
and its institution:;, which are not
.pen to the question of favoritism.
It Is a mystery to mo how I pet
tailzied up in these things, but when
Col. Pognc notified me last spring that
I had born appointed to a place on
the executive committee of the fair T
concluded to go with the crowd, and
make use tf the chance to help to get
Nrth Carolina more into the lime-
II Hit. Tt war. a live crowd T fell in
with. Col. rogue is an old war horse
who ha-s been doing this work for
years, and lie is an encyclopedia on
fair affairs, and a hustler for the
work. 1 did not know so much about
that at the beginning of the campaign
as I did at the close. Aided by C. B.
Densf.n, the treasurer, and backed by
a strong advisory noaru or tne nig i
men of North Carolina, Col. Pogue
laid out a more comprehensive pro
gram than ever, and carried it out.
I'nrrisli Man of Husiress.
Fortunately to help Col. Pogue the
association elected a president of the
fair association, Capt. K. J. Parrish,
of Durham, a man who is business
and progress from his boot heels to
his hat. and that topped out a combi
nation tKat left nothing to be desired.
The work these men did showed this
fall. Tt will show for many a year,
for they have started several things
that can not stop right away. Capt.
Parrish in his inaugural address set
North Carolina to thinking over
porno of the things proposed. The
dominant note of his administration
was to produce at Raleigh something
that snouia mane tne Ktate better
known to itself and its
in touch with a lot of things. This
fair opens the world right wide to a
hest of folks who would move in a
much narrower channel if they never
got away from home attracted by just
this kind of think. I think the fair is
a gooa tiling, ana tnat tne snows are
highly important in making the fair
a success, don't you?"
Now, in my superior hign brow
style I had net looked at it from the
boy's point of view, but wiien he
showed it to me I had sense enough
to see that he had the idea.
I let that kid lead me around. lie
had to get a closer look at the flying
machine, and he stopped a minute to
figure out the centrifugal influences
onoiy oounts out that has heen
done. The advisory board started out
to provide new buildings, but found
the linanc'al conditions and the limit
ed time against the scheme for this
year. P.ut they started something,
and at the meeting of the executive
committee of the fair on Thursday
night of fair week that project was
given another push. It will not be
allowed to Kop until it haa worked
out to a finish that I believe will be
bigger than the committee is figuring
For some time the men who have
been handling tho fair have been
striving to broaden the lines of opera
tion. It was left for Capt. Parrish's
f.d ministration to get the forces joined
and bring the issue to a focus, and I
think that has been accomplished. He
arrived at the psychological moment
that we hear of, and with the work
that had been done before him, the
backing of the advisory board and the
persistent work of Cob Pogue, he has
left a record that the State feels right
well satisfied with.
Several things commended this fair
from the start. It was early announc
ed that it was to be an absolutely
clean amusement enterprise, a State
wide opportunity for publicity, an ex
position of North Carolina resources
ana u reunion of the people from all
quarters. loiter the ideal of a home-
erming was introduced, and all these
things were carried out.
Perfect Order Prevails.
In two days mixing with the vast
crowds on the fair grounds. I saw one
bottle of whiskey, not a single man
that gave any sign of intoxication, one
encounter where two men were dis
puting over something, but they were
quickly separated by their friends
without any physical violence, and I
heard not an offensive word, saw not
an offensive action, nor an offensive
exhibition in any of the attractions.
If the Fair Association had done noth
ing more than give the people of
North Carolina a clean and attractive
outirijj: it would have deserved credit.
Qhis thing pleased and entertained the
people, and I don't believe I can get
oetier evidence of it3 worth than the
opinion of my 19-year-old boy who
- A ,1 . 1 . . ... .
piuou wiin me watcning the interest
of the people in the various harmless
amusements, lie raid, with the wis
3om worthy of an older mind:
ine nnmoer of these shows might
uo criticisea, but you pee they bring
nere crowds that want to be enter
tained. That's a good thing for them
nt, a gooa thing in more ways than
'nu. u auoras mem amusement at
. ,.....,,1 ,w cum, ior iney can go
trio aimost any of theso shows for
uuiip, ana it 13 worth that to them
ui it also brings a lot more people
here than would come if the shows
were not here, and that brings those
People into contact with the agricul
tural and industrial exhibits, which Ls
worth a lot to them. It brings them
that held the motorcycle on the wall
in the side show, and the gyroscope
top, and it was necessary to hunt up
the iron works where they are mak
ing shells for the government. We
sized up the road building, and the
poultry, and the resistance of the
trusses that support the grand stand
with its weight of people, and the
Haywood county apples, and the
well take the premium list and go
through it. I shoved that boy up
against a lot of men worth while for
him to know, Gov. Daughtridge, of
Pocky Mount; McLean, of Lumberton;
Everett, of Durham; Patrick, Wades-
boro; McMillan, of Wilmington; Fred
Olds, that compendium of North
Carolina history and achievement who
ought to be in every boy's library,
pnd a string of them that will keep
him thinking he has been overrun
with greatness and give a far better
Cf ncntion of the personal factor of
Educates In Hundreds of Ways.
What it does for that boy this fair
is doing for thousands of other boys.
you know, for it broadens and edu
cates in hundreds of ways we do not
realize until the boys and girls take
up the subject after they get home.
And it gets the boys and girls who
?re farther along in years than these,
for all ages are the gainers.
I am not trying to tell anything
about what we saw at the fair. My
motive is rather to show that the fair
was a pronounced success, and it was
the biggest success in its influence
wmcn win dc exerted next year in
making the fail of 1916 a bigger
A big lesson is to be learned from
this fair. At its inception Capt. Par
rish appealed to the newspapers of the
State to take a hand in presenting to
the people of North Carolina the pos
sibilities of the fair as an educational
and publicity factor. Col. Pogue fol-
wed this appeal by a similar one.
and the newspaper men responded. I
am of the opinion that in doing so
they have cast bread on the waters.
several view pointsfi for it brings that
corner of the State into a little closer
touch with the State, and puts Wil
mington and Raleigh a little closer to
gether. Rowan. Cumberland, Hay
wood, Guilford, the Sandhills country,
and several sections were on hand, all
of them part of the commonwealth
Durham county had a fine exhibit.
Tt was interesting not only because of
the good collection of farm products,
but also because of the manufacturing
the Durham mills undertook at the
fair. The substantial co-operation of
the big concerns shows how this fair
ranked with the big industries, and
the value they put on its work. An
other thing in the Durham county ex
hibit of note was the educational dis
play. From the primer class to the
completed work of Trinity College the
display was a miniature of educational
progress. I venture the literary work
shown in the Durham educational
collection was a revelation to a lot
of folks. Books on several lines of
thought, publications, and an oddity
in the collection of the ballads heard
in the county, brought out a new
phase of State life.
The Sand Hills exhibit hung to the
idea of diversification of product. It
had the goods there to prove its case,
and close along side was the Cumber
land exhibit, which should have been
right along by the suffrage booth, for
Cumberland county showed a farm
scheme operated by a woman, and it
was extremely good. Variety, abund
ance of product, excellence of indi
vidual article all showed what the wro
men can do as well as what Cumber
land county can do.
Prime Products Exhibited.
for it seems to me that Col. Pogue and
the new president, whoever he mav
be, are going to plan their camnaicrn
right away to make the next fair a
broader one than this one, and that
they will try to reach the point even
tually where the State Fair will bo
such a State-wide exposition that it
will have such an income that every
lair can advertise liberally with the
papers and pay them considerable
sums oi money ior tne service, l am
confident that had the fair been favor
ec with good weather this year the in
come would have been such that the
aavertlsmg appropriation for next
year would have been made much
larger. Unfortunately It can be made
only as big as income warrants. I
have not yet heard what this season
tncome Is. But I know that in the
A T j
next two or tnree years tne income is
going to be much larger than ever,
for the fair this year has taken on
True to Name.
it is useless to speak of the exhibits
ami try to refer to them except in a
eneral way, for they were too many,
ana were seen by too manv neoole to
take time to describe them. The im
pression as a whole, and the general
lesult is all that can be cited. Prima
rily it was an agricultural fair. In
this respect it was true to name, and
Col. Pogue says the exhibits from the
counties were In greater number bv
far than previously. The work of the
girls' canning clubs, the boys' corn
clubs, and things of that sort cannot
be overrated in their importance
This exhibition of what the children
or North Carolina are doing is worth
to the State all the entire fair cost
It is a practical showing of an asset
that bad not until lately been suspect
ed. The boys and girls have presented
tangible evidence that if the cotton
cvop snouia be absolutely wiped out
TCorth r.irnlinn rr.n turn t.- csriT-nil-ii-r
.xmi jjiuuutc uiumiiieu iimuons
of value. A pound of pork is worth
us mucn as a pounci or cotton ana a
jar of tomatoes will appeal to a hun
gry family more than some other
things that have heretofore been look
ed on as the whole dependence.
New Hanover county was up with
mi exhibit, which is gratifying from
r 1 1 " i - ill 11 tr 1 - 4 4- f w. ? 1 m nril VA
The agricultural department of the
State, the educational department, the
insurance department, in a space that
should have been much larger to ac
commodate the valuable exhibit, and
I don't know what all, were there to
show what this old State can do when
it tries. But enousrh of te eni'm0?-
tion. The point is that the counties
and the departments and the boys and
girls and the old folks and the women
and everybody, had taken interest
enough to gather up their prime pro
ducts and bring them together to show
the State what it can do, and to show
other states what can be accomplished
in North Carolina. I don't recall for
sure whether it was Capt. Parrish or
that other creditable North Carolina
product, Col. Wade Harris, who is
making the Charlotte Observer an
other thoroughly creditable North
Carolina exhibit who referred to Sec
retary Daniels as one of the most
satisfactory North Carolina articles
exhibited at the fair.
In starting out I said this article was
planned to be the view of a newspaper
man on the fair. It is legitimate
therefore to include all the things I
saw there as far as I can recall them,
and while I stood trying to hear what
Mr. Daniels was saying my newspaper
instinct was by lorce of habit putting
him under the inquisitorial micro
scope. A North Carolina exhibit, .all
except the silk lid, and that bunch of
d?cers flashed up there was the first
that has come under my notice in thi3
rstate m several years. when l was
young like Daniels and Parrish and
Craig and Benehan Cameron I used
to be partial to a siik nat, and some
day may cultivate the habit again as
I get old and dignified.
Gauging a North Carolina Product
A North Carolina exhibit, and If
you stop to think, a product that mov
ed from a newspaper shop down to
Washington to presently find himself
in authority in a great department of
a great government tnat is standing on
the danger line which is all that sepa
rates it from sharing in a world-wide
war. As a newspaper man, cold
blooded as newspaper men are, I can
separate Daniels from his surround
ings and size him up merely as a fac
tor and not as a man. It is a right
trying time, but that good-natured
looking chap addressing the crowd in
the grand stand at the fair i3 not
talking to me at all. He is talking to
the crowd while I am taking his gauge
at Washington. They have not caught
him asleep once since the war broke
out, when I come to think of it. I
like to see a newspaper man make
good, but that is not the whole thing
As a newspaper man I claim a sort of
credit for the craft when one of them
does make good. So far Secretary
Daniels has showed them a clean
slate. That knowledge of the true
and the false that comes to the news
paper worker ha,s stood this man in
good stead. His blue pencil training
taugni mm long ago how to boil most
cuii-niis uown to Liie virtues it con
tains. A newspaper man has so long
been accustomed to measuring up his
sunt oy tne test that ir it does not
saow up right m the paper in the
morning it Ls no good that not many
biuita get past him. Another thing
a-Doui a newspaper man as a manag
mg editor or a government depart
ment. Years ago when McCu1:
was editor of the ?t. I.nui? i.
Democrat, which in his dav wa
of the great papers of this c-. .
somebody asked him what o..nti-
a good newspaper man and h- ar
ed. 'knowing where hfll was
to breaK out next, and having :
there when it broke." Daniels v
signed his men, and look in ir
names and pictures of thorn
have been appearing in the k-.
the last few weeks, from Kdicr.
vou know they are all artist i;-
Chief Marshal's GHd Work
I told Everett once if I i.
build anl countenance I w.
doing Spartacus or Yirginius .
stage, but he sayas he woii'm
be a lawyer than to delude t! .
of Rome with blood. WlH-n '
made him the master oi (r-!i
they picked royal blood. L i -
away with it with all the ki "
Lord Chesterfield and the mil it a i
of Front deBoeuf, or the Hhu k K
himself. He made the fair -event.
But all this is hoi what I
out to say. The fair is finish-.":
I fintl in it is this. It has aw.!.,
so many new enthusiasms that .
comes a State-wide matter t. -
advantage of all the new entlm-:
and the old enthusiasm to swi;,
tide in toward a much bi '. r
better fair than ever. It was ,
ioea to propose another Durban.
as president, for it gives to t!i.
l Durham flavor. No nuttier :i
Durham man succeeds another.
L am any guesser on John Sprma
he would give the folks snnutla? .
think about pretty soon that v, .
cause them to entirely forget .ai.
where he is from. That he de ..:
is to be regretted. The new a -.a.
tration will start to get new hui!
for the fair if that is possible, a: :
bring more counties into tb i i ..
next year, and to interest a wib : :
in the next event. They will
just as far as the people of i.-
stand behind them. The men v.
certain to be on the next pr s: ;
taff are planning for bis a-i.-: .
Maj. Graham and Col. l'oga--planning
to make next vera- th- i
fair. Raleigh and Durham hav - a ;
ed hands over the future. Th.-.--
towns w7ill have a hand i-xien.bv :
Wilmington, Greensboro, Char!..;;,
all the big and little towns :
The movement has l.e -n :-t..; a
make the State Fair a pova rfui . i
to develop the resources of
Carolina, and the people have r- .
ed more this year than er th a
enormous work accomplish, i i '
fair in the past can be i.n.a.b ne.i a
made more important by widening
scope and its field of infiuencr-.
The State Fair is not a money i,,.-
mg proposition, that is not for
but I am satisfied after seeing i' 1
week, mixing with the crowds t a
days watching the people, seen;
hibits, hanging around and notai;:
de tail, that it is a deci-'cd money n.;
mg institution ior the Mate.
the State is a winner on :
that is put into the State by .
by the patron, by the p'ibie
or in any other way.
The fair last year
gratifying success. I
this year will show i
success, and Col. I'o
respects it wras more
over. Yet he hoi. a riala
Capt. Parrish hopes, and Maj.
hopes that the fair next year "
any previous fair all to pi-
being the case now is the nu
1 1 v.
for next year, to plan for .
ful things that a fair can a..: a
do for the State and for th - -In
the Sand Hill booth a the i - a
week Clyde Davis, secretary '
Sand Hills Board of Trade. ?'
that right there he was figurba
better way to exploit the Sana
country next year, and we don'
to let him get too much of tie
My connection with th fair ac
tion oe?'JAd last week. Thcrei
can freely advocate that we all
right now to make a fair no:-.-i,ft
n oyent that will p
the rest to sleep. We don't wa:
et Virginia or Georgia or urn-
Indiana or any other state e.e re
to our State as something that
cur Mate among tne seeoew
players. Do we?
Kye and Kar If
ls Improicrly 1
the nose the
wrong v -mankind,
tile greatest danger to
cording to the eye. ear
ciali-ts in convention.
They ascribe the na-rao-ignorance
of the proper nasal -
and have decided that rather f
blow improperly children .hcjld
taught to spit.
This new doctrine v:u mad
dogma of the specialists through
address by Dr. B. Metvnhaoja.
Cleveland, who pointed out that
closing both nostrils and then lt
go vith a blow there is danger
causing ear troubles and interna!
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