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p) fey 4S,%*^ I VfV-1. mr 6v I -Jfe ft mm 'a #^«ii 14 Is p*, THE? CITIZEN-REPUBLICAN P. A. BLISS, Editor and Proprietor. SCOTLAND. SOUTH DAKOTA •wvw first horses of the western plains S*JJ were probably brought ther* by the Spaniards. In 1545, almost 50 yoxs be- fore Jamestown was settled, Coronado, khe Spanish captain, was roaming about the plains of New Mexico and he tells of the dogs used by the Indians to haul their plunder on lodge poles. Indicating that they had no horses at that date. Kn 1716 the Spanish again worked their "way eastward across tho plains, and their letters tell of the astonishment of the Indians at seeing the horses they had with them. The expedition was constantly losing horses, and there is little doubt that the first droves of -western horses originated from these was tropical islands, where cane sugar is lurial tho principal product. In 1907 the Unit- markv^hp cane sugar. Five years later, in 1902, flu electrodes of flaming arcs are carbons containing fluorides of alkaline •earths or other mineral substances in the vapor of which the arch is greatly lengthened. Increasing the light. Al iped Wohlaur, a German, finds that the t«pmmoin arc owes SS The mineral production of the Unit i|*d States has more than doubled In the last 10 years. During same period the value of our farm jprodnots has Increased only 06 per cent. IXb* principal mineral products of tho tooumrr during the year of 1907 repre jeented a total valuation of over $2,000, P00,W0k Seooad la importance to the exporta mmof china from the Limoges district to Piftues Is that of "English" walnuts. ^2^. are exported either un Slhelled for «d States produced about 84,000,000 .,n^r'bo1 "l^rst Pio .founds of beet and 644.000.000 pounds of 29,000.000 P™SL°° pound, or =»„, Wf in «.'& bVot! migar production was 967,000,000 pounds, against 544,000,000 pounds of cane sugar, the beet sugfir production of 1907 being greater thart that ot cane sugar in mny year In the hiBtory of this country. George Ade says that when a cer tain college president In Indiana, a I lolergyman, was addressing the students In the chapel at tho beginning of the /, college year he observed that It was r'a matter of congratulation to all the jfrlends of the college that the year had opened with the largest freshman class In Its history." Then without any •pause the good man turned to the les ion for the day, the third Psalni and began to read in a voice of thunder: 'Lord, how are tlicy Increased that troubles me!" An Interesting discovery has been (nade near La Batie Montsalien, the ancient Mons Selencus. It is a Roman oil Jar measuring Just 15 feet in cir cutnference, and hooped with iron. Nearby were found some stelae, and the Abbe Oulltaume, the departmental •archivist, is engaged In deciphering the Latin inscriptions). The Jar has keen placed in the museum at Gap to i«nrlch the fine collection of Boinan antiquities housed there. An unusually powerful dredge Is be ting built for the docks and harbor PL depthof 30 feet Vlnches, wsd its hop- use as dessert nuts, or in 1ftut kenxels—generally in halves. The ^oportion ia about one-third sent un •helied and two-thirds shelled. .^ Bfotalae, useful In medicines, pho- teams. h« Wp ih* Stmplon tunnel was made g* Switzerland the old road over the amm «ras nolonger kept free of anow winter. This, however, ^suited In venJenc® that it has been ^•cided to keep the road open all the ®r?*r to prevent: older ehUdran In* topt al hpiiie \?toi look after the London county council ia n« tha experiment of appointing .b7 "tonerswho will take care the babies ln the school buildinM ^n# «Khool, hours. h****. crop of Manchurlaii J*the ,,v 1*®* ms $* •lV?' 4 -r ^t'\ i-vt FIRST PIONEER IS BURIED AT YANKTON Ashes of Judge Brookings Rest Where He Was Active in Commonwealth's Beginning. Yankton. S. D., Jan. 27,—-Tiie °.shi\« of a provisional governor of Dakota territory were laid at rest during the past week in Yankton cemetery, so quietly as to be known to few. The remains were those of W. W. Brookings, once very prominent in the history of Dakota, for whom Brook ings, town and county are named, and lhe ays- the Queen Bee mill and Senev's island. Beet sugar is a rapid growing Indus- f'"u* remains were ere try in this country in spite of the fact £o Vof S hL ',^ fl r" that we have acquired a number of wh,ch iniee1 he ml 4 W ..)*& 1 1 ... c. ,, jam «anaw, united states commis has _an ail-o\er tioner at Aberdeen, .yho has been ap lm a f?'' v* !"w.: puiii'diiy co»„™v,„i ir.K public event RIDES MILL WITH with her husband while cxr^ption of house, which, instead of fee was in command of the Island of St. heing of a claimed value of more hai» Helena. ntus. per cent of Its light to the Incandescent crater of the "tipper carbon, bat 25 toSS per oent of the Hamlng arch is due to the luminous Wr- The estimated total wealth of the ~t "United States Is nearly twice that of England. According to the latest esti mates obtainable the rating la as fol lowaj United States, IllC.OOO.OOO.OOO •f Great Britain and Ireland 9?24M,O00,00P France, MS.800,000,000 Germany, $42. 000,000,0®« Russia. 135.000,000,000 Xustrla-Hungary, $20,060,000,000. it 4- w,d orations. Is commercially in of thls country: Michigan, Ohio, lyiranla and West Virginia. Laat output was 1,378.498 pounds. Th» name -"blu^ laws" waa given to ..•»* collection of laws framed for government of the New Haven col T. were published In collective in Iw®, the volume being in *hl«a» save rise to (the nama ffnet has dung to the laws ever since. Hfi nAii/ii. A wuiu pjow as rapidly with oxen as wltii horsea and the statement having UrOQUvWl COfltitMffCliuiY ill Ofltv fAtl* ftAAH l1fnt«4A^I Iia •*. _i- only tour about 80 per Cent oi preceding year, ai- the output of ponaee will prob- •Mjr too less, owlna to the small slse poor quality of the cocoona ot ^^Wl'y'^'wted members of arejron lerislature announces his ota canvas^baJ.^ iUwdtl "5 Ntlt, clovee. dllanum, put« f, indalwood duet, garoo, laka, *nwrtt,-Orai»«« peel, B«ianvcs ftasia 'Mid camphor enter jaS 'ftofttion of Chinese Ingens^ tttiv^lnf In B*a^|iays by^theCnatives,huw really r.ot worth $25. GOVERNMENT LOSES "GOOD RIGHT ARM" ft hamberlaitu S. D., Jan. 27.— Deputy United States Marshal John R. Petrie writes from Cali fomia that he has sent in his resignation. The name of Petrie has become a terror to evil doers all over the western part of the state wherever crime has been committed against the govern ment. To John R_ Petrie is ac credited the deed of ridding the country of the ravages of the notorious "Jack Sully," cattle rustler and desperado. Many expeditions had been undertaken by the state authorities to cap ture Sully, but when he broke a federal statute Marshal Petrie was sent after him and Sully was brought in dead. He re fused to stop at the command of the doughty little marshal and a bullet ended his career. CAN OXEN PLOW AS FAST AS HORSES? Wagner, S. D., Jan. 27.—To settle a dispute with his neighbor, Silas Jones, of this place next spring will "break" 200 acres of sod land with plows drawn by oxen. Mr. Jones is one of the pioneer farm ers of South Dakota and a quarter of a eeatury ago he .iitaa.an adent with ox teams. He having claimed that he ««|.d P'ow rapidly with oxen as With horses anil tho uta been disputed he proposes to show that he is right. Consequently he is looking about for three yoke of docile steers to begin training to the tune of "gee" and, "haw." He will use an up to date plow on wheels, this being the only difference between his outfit and that with which he Invaded the virgin soli In his young er days. MISSOURI GIRL IS A PRIZE STUDENT BiDOkfield, Mo., Jan. 27.—A Missouri girl, born and reared on the farm, and educated by her own efforts, has been awarded tho Braun prize as the prize Btudent of the universities of America and Europe, and will start the com ing summer on a tour of the world with money her victory has given her. vSh? Is, 14®bel who pre-empted the very first land in Jeet from a dittorent viewpoint. Many .. more will follow when the members return to duty. Out of the whole mass a few will become laws, but the larger portion will have their brief "half hour in court" anil be forgotten. territory, now the property of a*h~ U^n was- T» was most proni- the deceased l* inenWy before the ciiixons of the ter- L7TJ.ZI- VANE BROKEN ARM. "Watertown. S. 13., Jan. 27.—Will Court, of South Shon», had a thrill ing experience yesieniay. While standing on the little platforni^i!ins his windmill 40 feet above the Kround the wind whirled the van# of the mill against him. breaking thf bone of his left arm in three places and sweeping him off into space. With his good arm he supported himself til! the wind brouRht him back over the platform when he made his way to the ground after the longest 10 seconds he ever lived. The arm was so badly crushed that amputation may necessary. HOMESTEADER DENIES FRAUDULENT CLAIM MADE BY GOVERNMENT S'..«us Falls. S. D.. Jan. 27.—John F. Ryan, of Sioux City, will defend his title to his homestead near Chamber lain. -.vbieh the government claims he secured by fraud in 1903, before Will iam Wallace, United States coramls- pointtld Ti Jers will carry 10,000 tons of sand. Th« court (two auction pipes aro 42 Inches In diam- The plea ri toe govern mens, which *ter and 90 feet long, and each is con- has been in tht courts for five years nected to a pair of centrifugal pumps, «ach driven by a triple expansion en ine. Tiie suction pipes can dredge down to 70 feet below the water sur face. Through the death of her father the counters of Bathurat has become the cole owner of the Morning Poet of Lon don. She was the only daughter of Iiord Glenesk and since the death of mer mother she did the honors of her tonwys further state Vathei's house, both In London and in sigiis of cultivation, not even grazing, •ootlahd. During the war In South lands, and no naproTements. with the lAfrica she special examiner to take tcsti- :ony by Judge Cariand in federal past, is that Ryan never established an actual bona flfit resilience on his 160 aws. They refute the alleged resi dence which was filed December 7.1903, and ss..-: to have extended to that time from I'«_iruar- 10 of I&03. The government further alleges that Rya« visited t^e homestead, but three times in the r.tire time, each of which visits extended over a period of not more than four days. The federal at there were no E. Sturtevant, of Brookfleld. Miss Sturtevant, who is 80 years old, is a graduate of the Uni .verslty of Missouri and .secretary of the National Teachers' and Students' association. She has been admitted to the Missouri bar, and has won scholar ship awards and other distinctions In practically every year of her schooling., BURIED AT WIVES' F^ET. Pittsburg, Jan. 27.—The will of William Sprague, former superintendent of the water bureau, directs that his body be interred in his lo^ in the Allegheny ceme tery, at the feet of his former wives, 3taBgfe: and .Venis. WITH WOMAN AT THE THROTTLE, TRAIN BEA1 MILE A MINUTE PACK Gainesville* Ga., Jan. 37.—Mrs E. Douglass, wife of the general manager Midland, last night han dled ibe throttle of a,locomotive that dre«r th^ UiLin from Athens to this 4 pliMJ*. 'She ipade the eg. miles in «®XJ? Unusual Grist of Bills Seek to Regulate or Restrict Com-, mon Carriers. Pierre, S. D.. Jan. i'0.—i"p to the hour of adjournment for recess 10$ bills had been introduced in the senate, and 15S in the house. Many of them are du plioatos, or bills treating- the same sub-,1 First in importance among the nu merous bills requiring railroad com panies to do things, are the two-cent passenger fare bills. Of these there are three, to-wit: Senate bill No. 9 by Byrne: house bill No. T. by Roan ins, and Xo. n, bv McDonnell. They are identical in fixing a flat, two-cent maximum rate for adults. S. B. Xo. 9 passed the senate last week, and H. B. Xo. 11 passed' the house Wednesday, January 20 H- B. 3 ,—Trumbo—Requires the is-, sue of 500-n-ile mileage books at the lowest price made on any mileage book. S. B. To—Thoreson—Vives railroad commissioners Jurisdiction over all track scales for weighing cars or car load?. S. B. 50—Thoreson^Rcquires report of wnv.ks and accidents resulting ini loss of human life to be made to rail-' luad commissioners. S. B. 51—Thoreson—Allows railroad commissioners to appear in any case before interstate commerce comrais sions for any violation of interstate conimoree art. S. B- 52—Thorcson—Requites report to railroad commissioners of all ele vators on line of road, by whom op eral&d. and rental j-aid. S. B. S3—ThoresVsi—^Requires toilets rooMS in all rallrc.-.d stations where tiure are water and sewer systems. and sanitary closets provided for alt other stations. S- B. &4—Thoreson—Requires rail .roads to install interlocking switches, block system, or other safety appli aJices on order of railroad commis sioncrs. S. 1- 24—Dan forth—Requires railroad companies to fence track when ownei of adjoining land fences three sides. S. B. 49—Thoreson—Regelates pro cec-ding for recovery of damages from common carriers. S. B. 35—Ewert—Requires railroad companies to "^quip all engines with electric or other powerful headlights of Kot less than 1,500 candle power. S. B. 75—Byrne—Prohibits running passenger trains with less than full crew «f less than one engineer, one fir-eroam, one conductor and one brake man if more than three coaches, two brakeroea. (The last two bills, Xos. 35 and 75, were prepared and presented by the legislative agents of the Broth erhood of Engineers and the Brother hood of Railway Trainmen.) S. B- 77—Hare—Prohibits discrimi nation and requires uniform freigSPt rates for all parts of the state. H. B. 123—Abbott—Requires railroad companies to maintain feed racks and water troughs in connection with all stock yards. S. B- S2—Lockhart—Requires rail road companies to put in and maintain track scales for weighing cars at every station where an agent is kept. Max imum for weighing cars to be 25 cents. H. B. 114—Ribstein—Requires wait ing rooms to be kept o.pen at all sta tions for comfort and convenience ol passengers. H. B. 120—Smith—Requires railroad companies to maintain stock scales at all stock yards on their lines. H. B. RS—Cable (by request)—Re quires railroad companies to build side tracks between stations more than 12 miles apart by the public highway. H. B. 44—Whiting—Requires eleva tors, mills, warehouses and manufacto ries adjacent to railroad tracks to be located at a safe Are distance from station. H. B. 47—Arnold—Fixes minimum weight of car of sheep at 10,000 pounds and makes that the basis for comput ing rate on excess weight. H. B. 37—Simonson—Prohibits drink ing intoxicants on passenger trains penalty $50 confers police powers on conductors and all employes on trains. H. B. 18—Clark—Prohibits gambling on passenger trains $50 penalty for permitting it to be done. CONDUCTOR GETS RICH DEVELOPING FRUIT FARM Yankton, S. D., Jan. 2fi.—"Jim" •Whereat, a former conductor of the Great Northern Sioux Falls-Yankton rnn. writes that he struck it rich Ave miles from Spokane, where he went 12 5 ,u. 'V -•s *-V| «#V RAILROADS ARE THE LEGISLATIVE BURDEN BEARERS 7 7 7 His land, a fruit farm, has gone up by leaps and bounds until his 130 acres are worth $40,000. HOLLANDER SENDS PIE ON LONG MAIL TRIP Yankton, S. D.. Jan. 26.—A Hollander presented himself before the parcels post window here this week and.regis tered two fat pies to Holland relatives. He had them made in Platte and brought them to Tank ton to send. This wap the flrst the Yankton post ofllce ever got luscious pies en trusted to it tci &^.aJ on such a Journey. The pies will be nearly three weeks on the trip and will travel about 6,OCO miles. The Hollander was sending the 'Yankee pies" to relatives as a littlo proof of the sumptuous way in'which he was living in the land of the free. THIS PROFESSOR WILL1 WIT AND HUMOR W Minneapolis. Minn., Jan. 26.—Begin ning February 1, Joseph Warren Beach, Instructor in the department of Eng lish at the University of Minnesota, will hold a course in refined humor, according to an announcement made at the ..university. Professor Beach says that the plan is being made in all seriousness, and has the backing of the board of regents. Professor Beach is known atfaong those who have taken work in any of .his classes for his wit. The variety of humor to be dispersed in the new course, according to Professor Beach, is not to be of the common spit, hut delicate, refined and subtle. J. J. HILL AN OPTIMIST NOW. New York, Jan. 26.—James j. Hill revealed himself as an optimist in an Interview on his return from an exten sive tour of inspection of the Great Northern system. Mr. Hill, who not long ago expressed fear as to the im mediate commercial future, said that the situation is good, "Best of all," he sald, 'thei-er|s plen ty of money in the country. There has not beei» so rapid a recovery as some peopl~ well. ee? J*?" minutes, including stops. At tlnres she* looked for, hut that is Just a* 1 W recovery as so a wm CAPITOL BILL ASKS FOR BIG APPROPRIATION Want $300,000 for Comple tion of Structure and Mak ing Artificial Lake. Pierre, t?. li., Jan. -5.— A bill was in troduced in the house yesterday by the committee on capitol building and grounds, providing for the completion of the capitol building. It provides that warrants may be issued for the completion of the building, for an amount not exceeding $300,000. to be paid out of the proceeds of the sale of state lands: and further provides that if sufficient, sales of such lands have not been made to pay such warrants within one year from the date of issue, they shall be paid from the general fund, for which purpose it appropriates a sum not exceeding $300,000. and it further provides that in case the capi tol building fund warrants are paid out of the general fund, or that there are not sufficient funds in the general fund to redeem such capitol warrants, after they shall have been outstanding one year, the state treasurer, with the ad vice and consent of the governor and auditor, is empowered to sell 10 year per cent state bonds, not exceeding 5100,000 in amount, to redeem the war rants The bill also makes provision for the change of specifications recom mended by the capitol commission, sub stituting real marble for imitation mar ble, and for grading and landscaping the grounds. The bill has been threshed out bv the committee after a week of arduous labor, and after full consultation with the capitol commission, as the most feasible plan for finishing the building without sacrificing lands in Butte and other counties too remote from rail roads to be saleable at a price ap proaching their intrinsic value. It will have the approval and support of the capitol commission. The senate held a one hour \session. from 10 to 11 a. m. To the surprise of many who expected serious opposition, .senate joint resolution No. 3, proposing ja suffrage amendment for women who are taxpayers in their own right, passed with but three dissenting votes. The ladies present in the lobby broke out in spontaneous applause when the roll call was finished. A house bill re lating to the board of dental examiners and regulating the practice of dentistry was also passed. Also. Senator Hare's bill to prevent desecration of the flag. The state board of pharmacy held an examination yesterday of a class of 30 candidates for registry. CHARGED WITH LARCENY BUT FOUND THE MONEY Dallas. S. D., Jan. 25.—A case of a somewhat unusual character will be tried at the next term of state circuit court in this (Gregory) county. It is that of the state vs. Mrs. Fickle, a well known resident of Dallas. The action involves the sum of S30, and will be as hotly contested a^ though the stakes were $100,0*10. Mrs. Fickle is charged with grand larceny as the result of her alleged refusal to surrender to a man named AIcMasters the sum of $30 which Mrs. Fickle is said to have found on the streets of Dallas during a cele bration on July 3 of last year. McMas ters claims the money is his, and al leges that Mrs. Fickle refuses to sur render it to him, hence the action was instituted against her on the charge of grand larceny, which is a penitentiary offense. Mrs. Fickle has engaged at torneys to fight the case. BUSINESS BLOCK BURNS IN NEW RANGE TOWN Wall, S. D., Jan. 25.—The principal business block in this town burned to the ground Wednesday night. There is no fire protection and the fire was. checked by the bucket brigade after it had consumed all the buildings in the block. MADISON PREPARES FOR SCHOOL BOND ELECTION Madison, S. D., Jan. 25.—The mayor has ordered a special election for Feb ruary 2 to vote on bonding the city for $15,000 additional for erecting a fifth new school building. The present1 buildings are badly congested, and 10 jyears sooner than expected. BATTLE MOUNTAIN ..MANAGER REMOVED & Hot Springs, S. D., Jan. 25.—With the: .public ignorant as to any charges being! 'preferred against him, General E. T.' West, of the Battle Mountain sanl-| tarlum at this nl«r-o h»j b«u%n r«mov«ijJ. and Dr. J. E. Miller, of Des Moines, Ia., appointed in his place. Dr. Haas.i head surgeon of the Institution, has: also been transferred to the Milwaukee' sanitarium. Since General West's advent into the' institution there has been complaint' from the inmates that he was lacking! in sympathy for their condition, but it was not known that formal charges had been made, and the action of the board of managers came as a surprise to all connected with the sanitarium, Dr. Miller is a relative of Congress man Hull and was formerly in the min ing business, where he is said to have lost a fortune. He has had wide ex periance a'nd his qualifications have' commended him to the board of man agers. He is at present practicing medicine at pes Moines. [NEW YORK SUBWAY CONSTRUCTION MAY STOP FUNDS SHY New York, Jan. 25.—Unless the legis lature increases the borrowing capacity of New York, subway construction and other public improvement work will have to he halted for at least two years, according to a statement made today by Mayor McClellan before the legisla tive committee which Is Investigating! the municipality's finances. The mayor! declared that he felt bound by the re-' port of William M. Ivins to the gov ernor that the present margin of bor rowing capacity was only $8,000,000. He believed private capital would not bei interested in extensive subway build-' ling at the present time, f. I MRS GOULD'S RELATIONS WITH ACTOR PROPER New York, Jan. 25.—The testimony off May Robinson, an actress, taken by deposition In the suit brought by Kath erlne Clemmons Gould for separation! from Howard Gould, was filed in tha' county clerk's office today. As far a si witness observed, the relations between .Mrs. Gould and Dustin Farnum, an actor, always jhad been perfectly prop !«r.vMiss Hoblnson's testimony was taken before J. M. Hampden Dougherty 'as referee. 'f '4 *f A- tK%". *fS \i. RETAIL MERCHANTS PROGRAM COMPLETE The Coining Meeting at Yank ton Promises to Develop Unusual Interest. Yankton, 8. D., Jan. 23.—The work, of preparing the program for the 12th annual convention of the South Dakota Hetail Merchants' & Hardware Deal ers' association, which will be held at Yankton on February 2, 3 and 4, has been completed by Nat S. Tyler, of Sioux Falls, secretary of the associa tion. The opening session, which will be devoted largely to insurance matters, will be called to order on Tuesday evening, February 2, by P. F. Wiokheni, of Alexandria, president of the Retail Merchants' Fire Insurance company, of South Dakota. The session at 9 o'clock Wednesday morninf will be called to order by A. F. Grimm, of Parkston, president of the association. After the appointment of committees an address of welcome and a response will be made, after which the various annual reports and the annual address of the president will be presented. Addresses also will be made by Chas. L. Thurber, of Chat liold, Minn., and D. E. A. Lundquist, of Irene, S. D. At the afternoon session on Wednes-1 day, February 3, addresses will be made by W. J. Pilkington^ of Des Moines, la. J. J. Ryan, secretary of tho Retail Grocers' and General Mer chants' association, of Minnesota A. George Pederson, Chicago J. H. Clap perton, Minneapolis, and C. J. Moore, Sioux City. At the session on Thursday forenoon. •February 4, addresses will be made by A. J. Alwin. of New Ulm, Minn., secre tary of the Minnesota Commercial Men's Health association: Oscar L. Schutz, Minneapolis, and Professor A. H. Wheaton, state food and dairy com missioner of South Dakota. The ques tion, "What Can the Merchant, Through This Association, Do for Him self?" will be discussed by the conven tion. The closing session of the conven tion will be held Thursday afternoon, at which the various committees will make their reports and officers for the ensuing year will elected. MAYOR INTERFERES WITH LIQUOR RAID Geddes, S. D., Jan. 23.—Mayor Swee ny, of Geddes, has caused surprise by interfering in the raid of a "blind pig" here conducted by J. W. Carrigan, south of the Gee hotel. Carrigan was arrested on complaint of T. M. Thompson and Rev. Mr. James, by Chief of Police M. Crow,ley. He waived examination and was bound over to the circuit court. The chief of police levied upon the $80 worth of liquor in Carrigan's possession and was about to remove it when the mayor appeared and forbade him to touch it, declaring he was running the town. Crowley. suggested that City Attorney Ward be consulted, and Ward declared it the duty of the city authorities to remove the liquor to a place of safety. Officer J. W. Shuck was left in charge, of the liquor and Mayor Sweeny, re-' turning, ordered him to leave the place. This Shuck refused to do and the may or swore out a warrant for his arrest for refusing to obey his orders. The marshal wouia not serve iiie WfiiTaDt and In the meanwhile the liquor was taken to the power house. SOUTH DAKOTA GRAIN DEALERS AT WATERTOWN Letcher, S. D., Jan. 23.—The second annual convention of the Farmers' Grain Dealers' association of South Dakota will be held at Watertown, S. D.. on February 17 and 18. A very elaborate program is being arranged, and among the prominent speakers will be Hon. E. G. Dunn, of Mason City, la. C. G. Messerole, sec retary of the Farmers' Grain Dealers' association, of Iowa J. L. Johnson, sec retary of the Farmers' Grain Dealers' association, of Minnesota Professor W. A. Wheeler, manager of the Dakota Improved Seed company, of Mitchell, S. D. Hon. H. L. Loucks, of Water town, S. D. ex-Governor Elrod, of Clark. S. D.. and many others promi nent in the farmer elevator movement. A reduced rate has been secured on all railr,oads entering Watertown, fare and one-third oh the certificate plan. RAPID CITY SECURES FIREMEN'S TOURNAMENT Rapid. City,' S. D.. Jan. 23.—The board of control of the Firemen's association met in Rapid City yesterday. All mem bers present were given a banquet at the Auditorium last night. Lead gives the board a banquet to night. Lead bid $1,818, Rapid City, $2,000, and the date for the tournament was fixed for June 20 to 25, Inclusive, at Rapid City. EQUAL SUFFRAGE AMENDMENT PASSES WITHOUT PEBATE Pierre, S. D., Jan. 23.—-The equal suf frage amendment passed the senate to day without debate and with but two dissenting votes ,': Mrs. Ramsey, of Woonsocket, Mrs Johnson, of Highmore and Mrs. Crau mu of Faulkton, are here advocating t])^ measure. *}•& *£"S 1 THE LEGISLATURE. I I -4 Pierre, S. D., Jan. 23.—The senate passed three bills, one by Senator Bates, legalizing informal and defec tive acknowledgements: house bill, by Mr. Van Ruschen, relating to the pro bating of wills, and another relating to answer in pleadings, both being correc tions of typographical errors in tho compiled laws. New bills introduced in the house were: By L,arson, to change name of Deaf Mute school to "School for the Deaf." By Erickson, for state bank deposit insurance through the insur ance department. By Morris, providing for care of dependant children through juvenile courts. By Morris, defining contributory delinquency of children and fixing penalties. By Mendel, open ing school buildings to other meetings, than schools. The house passed Sen ator Stokes bill to settle accounts ot Butte, Harding and Perkins counties O'Donnell's 2-cent railroad fare bill, after spirited debate on postponement for 10 days Heffernen's bill appropriat ing $1,500 expenses for meeting of coun ty auditors Johnson's to require coun ty treasurers to account for interest of funds Simonson's adulterated lin seed oil bill. WHAT A BLIND MAN IS TRYING TO DO. Wo have h^ard of blind'people taking-" up many different ways of earning tlielr living, but it remained for Mr. Ward, of Karmingdnlo. South Dakota, to study ujv s--omethtng new. Mr. Ward has been blind for over twelve year.-? and during that time lias visited nearly every state in the union. Mr. Ward has supported himself iji thft past by canvassing, but no matter lion hard he might work it was an up-hill proposition to ever get anything ahead seemed as though had weather, car fares, hotel 'expenses, etc.. would lieep. liirn from ever gietting a start. ,)nft day Jlr. Ward made up his mind to take a homestead from the United States and see if he could not at least obtain home for himself in that way. After canvassing all over tho west v.-he re homesteads could he obtained, Mr. •\\ard found a very nice location close to l-'armingdale, in South Dakota. Farm nigdale is located on (he main lino of tlie '"liicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul rill road, 200 miles west of tho Missoi-ri river. 1.000 miles west of Chicago ami 1!i mile-! cast of Hapid City. The lard there is somewhat rolling, hut well wa tered, there being plenty of creeks and' springs there. The soil is unusually rich and all kinds ul" small grain does- splcn- d! i. Th wa ". formerly a cattle country until a very recent time ago, but with two new railroads just put through in this country, has brought, in over fifty thousand homesteaders who' have set tled tho western half of South Da kota. The Chicago and Northwestern railroad also runs right through tho heart of this new and prosperous Potin try. 1 There are rpiitc a number of good, de sirable homesteads that can still be oh- -1 lained in this country, as any one can f !ind out for themselves by looking at tlye township plats in the 1'ifited State* *1 land office at either Pierre or Uapid City. South Dakota. The west is the most prosperous pur-1| tiou of the United States today, and la nil is rapidly increasing in value. Kin- ex ample, right around I'pham. North Da kota. there are quarter sections of lam! that were homcsteaded In 1002 and 1903, and in 1008 these same 100-acie farms were changing hands at five and six thousand dollars each. This is onlv a sample of how fast farming land i« in creasing in value in the west. If everv man and woman in the eastern stales could realize what a great and rapidlv growing prosperous country there is in the west, they would not stay in the. eastern states at all, Mr. Ward is going to tell the people in his magazine, the "Great Western Mas i zine," all about the great western coun try. rdr. Ward's magazine is published every other Saturday, and we aslc everv reader of this paper to examine one copy of the "Great Western Magasdne." which is delivered at your house or pluee of business every other Saturday for only five cents a copy. This magazine shows what can done by a man who is totally blind. The subscription price of tho magazine is only $1.30 year, and wo doubt If $10.art invested in subscribing for other maga zines will bring you as much for your money as you will get. in the twenty-six numbers of the "Great Western Maga zine." Mr. Waril has secured an agent i-i the different towns and cities in this local ity, and our readers can have a. copy of the magazine delivered to them every other Saturday by leaving word with ine agent of the "Great Western Maga zine" at this place. Mr. Ward is' going to tell the eastern people all about the western country and get them interested in it, and wo hope all our readers will give this mat ter their prompt attention, and become regular readers of the "Great Western Magazine." 4 «fj Ihv Very few people ever saw a blind man's magazine before Mr. Ward start ed his magazine going, and we assure •1 you that its contents are going to be a great big surprise to you. In order to put this magazine out. for only five cents a copy it was found' necessary to use large pages, as It could not be published in small pages without going to an enormous expense, so the magazine is published in news pa per form—eight long columns to the page, containing over 1,600 inches of th® best and most expensive, as well as tbe most interesting matter that could be secured. Articles from the best known men and women of the day appear in every issue, while its 'half-tone illustra tions are far ahead of the average mag azine, and still you get it all for only flve cents a copy. It has been called the greatest magazine on earth for thu money, and we believe it. Remember when you buy a copy of the i, magazine that you are helping a poor .'i man who is totally blind, and that vou are not helping to make some milltm aire still richer. j*j —Exchange When New York city's Catskill aqu duct is completed the city will have-' water enough for a population of 7.000, M$0. without any cause for anxiety. In Southwest bay. in the New Hc orides group, there is a small wooded, island of considerable height above tho- :ea, although only a few hundred yards,." circumference. The story of its ac quisition is a cqrious one. Southwest bay used to be considered a good place for target practice by the British men of war on patrol duty there, and this small Islet was used as a target frequently that it seemed in danger of", being gradually shot away. The chief who owned it protested and wantccf compensation. The captain of a man of war, who understood the natives, knew that these claims would be a ceaseless source of blackmail unless they were settled once for all so he bought the island for the British crown, paying 10 sticks of tobacco for It, and everyone was satisfied. The place since then has been known as "Ten Stick Island." The cushion dance was originally ait' old country dance in triple time, which was introducted into court at the time of Elizabeth. The dance was very sim ple. A. performer took a cushion and after dancing for a few minutes stop ped and sang, "This dance it win no further go" the musician th£n sang. I pray you, good sir, why say vou po*" The dancer answered, "Because Joan Sanderson will not come, too," ^nd. upon the musician's replying "She tatftt come, too, whether she wilt dancer threw the cushion before one of the spectators. The qne so sr?o*ed had to kneel on the cushion' .. an a allow thci- dancer to kiss h?r. Alter .which he repeated the danc$, J.