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V" THE DAILY LEADER. MADISON, SOUTH DAKOTA. Thursday i »i evenxs, april 189L rBKMS or SUBSCRIPTION. mail, 1 year mall, montlM mail, A month* ly, by carrier, per week Tub Daily Lxadcr 3.(10 1.50 15 TO ADVERTISERS. make* a apecial ftrni!hiD) feature of information concerning the advan- ilUcH and resource* of the city of Marti sou and state at large, entitiini it to tUe patronage advertiser* of every elase. F. STAHL. Proprietor. P. T. Barnum, the great showman, is dead. Blood ranges are said to be made novi -a-days by injecting analine dye. A contract, has been let to build a Catholic school at Manchester, Iowa. The Republicans captured all of the Huron city offices except police- justice. The "bar'l" in politics has been dis cs rded and the word "sack" has been substituted. Senator Edmunds of Vermont has tendered his resignation as United States senator. Gov. Mellette has issued a proclama tion asking the South Dakota ]eople to unite in an observance of Arbor day May 1 next. A stock company has been organized at Chamberlain with a capital of $50,000 to prospect and, open the aluminum beds Mar that citv. States Attorney E. 13. Korrs has insti tuted suit against Spink county for the collection of his salary. The county board cut his salary from $1,000 to $700 •ince hie election and he sues for the former amount. The mayor of Philadelphia was inaug urated on the rth inst., and on the fol lowing day issued a notice to the mem bers of the police force to quit the politi cal organizations of the city or leave the snploy of the city within ten days. Charles W. Herrick, a young unmar ried farmer of Edmunds county, was recently arrested, charged with having affixed a cancelled 2-cent postage stamp to a letter for the purpose of defrauding the government. The affair preyed up on his mind until last Sunday he com mitted-suicide by cutting his throat with -•jack-knife. The prosecution is be lieved to have leen malicious. An'enthusiastic Chamberlai® «lfcee ptmdent says: With our gold, silver, tin, lead, cinnebar and asbestos in the Black Hills, cement, coal and aluminum near the Missouri river, and our great jasper quarries in the Sioux valley, South Da kota is destined to be one of the opulent manufacturing states in this country within a few years. The theory that we are purely an agricultural state is an obtuse mistake. Sioux Falls dispatch, 7: PleDty Horses was taken from the oounty jail this morning and the steel cuffs around his ankles were broken off by a blacksmith, the custom of the military officials be ing to ririt the cuffs so that they can only be taken off with a file. The pris oner is a graduate of the Carlisle, Pa., Indian school, where he spent four years in earnest study. The trial will proba bly be the first to come off on the crimi nal calendar d'iring this week. The Vermillion I'nlvercAtgr. Vermillion dispatch, 7: Rev. R. O. Brandt is now here to look after the de ficiency in the university funds, as stated shortly after his appointment by the board of regents for that purpose. There has been some misunderstanding in re gard to the causes of this deficiency, and it has been stated heretofore that it was due to a change in the fiscal year. But that is a mistake, as your correspondent learned from Rev. Mr. Brandt yesterday. On account of the decrease in the appro priation the Bator each one of the prufeeeatB is u cd about $300 per year.^The appropriation bill provided ''Hiat this change should take place on tlie date of approval. The board of re Jfente, however, have a contract with ttach member of the faculty which binds them to a full salary this year. This Change by the legislature thus places the board about 8500 in the hole every month, and. as the overdrawing or changing the order of the issue of the state funds is a penitentiary offense, the authorities are in a quandary as to the best thing to do in the case. According Ip a resolution of the board at its last ftieeting the university will not be closed, but will continue the year out. Kaak ChMiceM at Hu«Mu, Huron dispatch, 7: A notable change in one of our principal financial institu tions has just occurred President Ha fon and Cashier Fowler, of the Huron JJialional bank, resigned their positions, |o take effect immediately. They were the founders of this bank seven years ago, and have creditably managed its af fairs with profit to all its stockholders. jBoth gentlemen retain their interest in "the bank and will continue to be resi dents of Huron. George Heineman is the new presi dent. He is one of the most substantial Jtitiz^ns of Huron and will prove a good t'he fficer. Mr. Bailey is the new cashier, latter is a relative of the last tern rial treasurer, and comes here fromhe ipnehaba National bank, let tone •"alls. ',/ V i'tth StMcwal IJuksn't Cnion Fatfcw fca law. E. D. Lad wig, of Erie, Pa., grew to manhood in Rockbridge county, Va., and just before the war was a teacher in the Sunday school of which "Stonewall" Jacksota was superintendent. In conver sation Mr. Lndwig said: "Thomas Jonathan Jackson -that was •Stonewall's' full name—was professor ©f mathematics and artillery practice in the Washington college of Lexington, and his fathcr-in-l.-nv. Dr. George Junck lin. was president of the college. Presi dent Junekliu was an uncompromising Union man, and just before the war, when the secession spirit ran very high, a party of students one night raised a Confederate flas over the dome of the college. When Dr. Joncklin came down next morning and saw the flag he ordered the janitor to take it down. "The students told the janitor that if he lowered the flag they would kill him, and he refused. Dr. Juncklin, although upward of seventy years old, mounted to the dome, cut the halliards and brought the flag down. Stepping into the bal cony, he lighted a match, set fire to the flag, and, as it burned, said in a clear voice that was heard by all below, 'So may all attempts to destroy the Federal Union end.' "He was at once seised by a crowd of the infuriated stndents, and citi zens, and it required all the energy of his son-in-law, 'Stonewall' Jack son. and a number of others to pre vent his being hanged on the spot A compromise was arranged by which he was to leave the state. He hastily en tered his family carriage, and, with what few effects he could lay his hands npon readily, set out for Harper's Fern*, es corted by his friends. When he had crossed the river he stopped the carriage and directed the driver to wash every particle of Virginia soil from its wheels and body. "Now, there's a true story," concluded Mr. Ludwig, "and one that I don't be lieve ever appeared ia print."—Detroit Free Press. tCleetrlo PoteS th Berlin. In Berlin the electric arc lamp poles are things of beauty. They are more properly brackets than poles, though. The taps from the mains in the streets are carried under the sidewalk to the house wall and then up to the surface. At the sidewalk begins a handsome scroll work affair of iron, which runs up the house and then out over the street, supporting the arc lamp. Near the base is a panel door provided with lock and key. Back of the panel is a compart ment holding the fuse strips and switch, and a handle which fits on the square head of a windlass shaft projecting from one side of the compartment. The lamp trimmer comes along in the morning, unlocks the panel door, exam ines the fuse strips, throws the switch, takes out the little handle, turns the windlass, lowers, trims and raises the lamp, restores the handle to the compart ment, throws down the switch, locks the door and go« on to the next lamp. All this work is done without climbing a step. The whole device is painted a ,&ark green, picked out in gilt Far from being unsightly, they are real ornaments to the street. The householders are anx ious to have these brackets placed on their houses, often paying half the cost, and sometimes the whole cost, for the privilege. These devices are well mads and expensive, costing about $150 each. —Cincinnati Commercial Gazette. Tk« Teredo. The sfcripworm or teredo, with Its long, spiral shell, would hardly be taken for a two valved shell, yet it is. It is the bete noir of the dock builder on the Pacific and South Atlantic coasts, boring into the wood and depositing a lining, until finally the wood is completely honey combed and falls to pieces. On the Florida reef I found that a new dock, twhen the piles were protected by cas ings covered with tar, were rendered unsafe in a little over a year. An old wreck, comprised of the hull of a good sized ship, was visited by me in 1862 three or four years later it had almost disappeared. It was out of the reach of the surf, and simply fell apart by the action of these destroyers that had completely honey combed it, so that wading up to it at low tide I could puncture the hull any where with my finger. The only wood which seemed to resist the inroads of the animal was the palmetto. 1 often found logs or trunks floating, and while the terero had attacked it they were evi dently disheartened. Our common terero is but a few inches in length, but in Su matra a giant of six feet is found boring in the mud.—San Francisco Chronicle. The Odd Us« of Words. It is amusing to note how many words and expressions we hear every day that mean something far different from what they seem to mean. We are so accus tomed to this that we pay little atten tion to it, except when we are in thought ful mood and no matter how careful we are we gradually drop into the habit of following our neighbor's example, and in turn setting the example for others to follow. Thus wo find no fault with the friend who tells us soberly that the clock has struck one, when we know that the clock Iijjb never been guilty of striking anybody. We do not protest against hearing an other declare that he did something wrong because lie could not help it, as though the wrong, had it been assisted, would liave committed itself and saved the actual sinner from all blame.—Har per's Young People. I Indian SapsTiDf. Look at the most insignificant seoord of a grant of rice U some poor Brahmij in aiiy temple during thw days of the CUula or Chalukya, ten or fifteen centu ries ago each letter, each stroke or dot stands in clear, distinct form, as Legible as it was years ago*when its wording meant so mnch to the poor recipient. l4ut waat of art energy is allowing this to die. Ready ,s the Indian nation is to present addresses of welcome to rajahs and u English officials of position, they never t&l^e th#1 trouble to engrave lasting ones on copper.—Nineteenth Century. TO SL.IKP. To sleep! to sleep! lbs lofcg bright dag?ll d«o«. And darkness rises from the fallen «w. To aleep! to sleep I Whate ar thy joy*, they raaJ* with Um Whate'er thy grtete, In Sleep tfcey fads •way. To sleep! to sleep! Seep, mournful heart, and let lie past be past! Bleep, happy soul! all tills will deep at &st> To sleep! to sleep I —Ten nv son. LOCATING THE TRAITOR One bitterly celd winters evening lire men were seated together in a small room in a house situated in the Jewish quarter of a busy and largely populated Russian oity. The appearance of the rocm was as wretched as the external aspect of the House itself. The solitary window was totally con cealed by a heavy faded curtain, de pending from the roof, and as the wind moaned dismally through the broken panos of glass its somber folds stayed to and fro. The inmatos of this mournful dsn were seated around t.ho table, smoking their pipes and talking, as If furtively, in whispers. As »he feeble rays of the caudle fell upon the company they revealed t:i youthful faces, of four students, lie chief spokesman, however, was a mreh older man, apparently about 50. wbh a short, pointed beard, shaggy brow.?, and keen penetrating eyes of the darkest hue. The others deferentially addressed the speaker as "prof' n\" and such, indeed, ho was. at that til.. at a well-known school of medicine ia Russia. On the present occasion, however. he wa9 speaking, not of science, bu? of the terrible doctrine of assassination. Prof. V was a nihilist, ar o.itci Colossus of craft in the disseminata of revolutionary doctrines, nnd on th particular evening in question ho wan engaged in advocating with finery c:o quence the assassination of a certain colonel who had lately been promoted to the rank of chief commissioner ol the secret police. As the night woi-o on their whispered conversation *aj suddenly interrupted by a low know ing at the outer door. In a mom »ut the conspirators sprang noisele.: v their feet and listened with b:t.I breath. Th* sound was repeated—a peculiar whistle was heard from with out* and th© listeners exchanged icant glances and quietly resumed their seats. Presently cautious foo'stey-. were heard in an outer room, tho door was opened, and a youn? man haatily entered His face was pale, his man ner agitated, and as he returned h\s companions' salutations he regarded them with a fixed and angry stare. "Ten hare kept us watting, eota* rad*,*1 exoinimad the professor, puffin? calmly &i Ms pipe. "Ugh! we are r.! moat fJro*ea,for (he air of this wretc.^d apartment is autte Siberian. But cow to business. Wft will warm ourselves with talk eed fire our minds with the prospeo* of r«rveng«." There was a murmur of approval. It was noticed, however, that the younj man who had Jyst appeared upon the scene took his seat in silence, and. resting his elbows upon the table, slowly scrutinised the faces of his com rades. "Mjr dear professor,M be said at length, "we can not possibly proceed at present with thli business." "Why notP' was unanimously asked. 'Because,11 replied the latest comer, as he quietly snuffed the aandle— "be cause one of us is a traitor.'' "A traitor!" exclaimed tiMlOMHi, starting to their feet "Yes, comrades we are betrayed and as no one knows ol this plot of ours except ourselves, it is plain, I think, that one of us has turned in formant" "You are mad to say so," hoarsely exclaimed the professor "but in heav en's name, what has happened? Come, tell us quickly. This is no jesting matter." "Listen, then. On my way hither, comrades, I entered a cafe de Paris to sip a cup of tea and smoke a cigaretto. I happened to sit by two officers of the secret police, and as one of them was somewhat tipsy, I could hear his conversation. I rather interesting. He told pan ion that he was under surround this old, deserted distinctly found it his com ordem to house at midnight—it was near 11 now—and to arrest all persons found within, He mentioned, moreover, all our names, and added, with a maudlin laugh, that a certain person to whom the adminis tration is eternally indebted, would be found in our midst playing the part of conspirator. Now, comrades, I have done. What shall we do?" The men looked at each other in dis may. A dead silence filled the room, for a mere suspicion of treachery among the men who had solemnly dedicated their lives to the sacred cause of liberty seemed to hold them dumb. Such villainy In their very midst—among men banded together in sacred brotherhood—was a greater crime than the merciless acts of a despot and his minions, *If this is true," said the processor, in a voice of suppressed rage, «'then I will no longer believe in human fldel ity, or the future of our cause. But-* death! if the story is true. Which of us is the informer?" the speaker, starlagly fiercely at the pale faces of his companions. "Bah! it is useless to ask that, my dear professor," exclaimed Ivan—such was the name of the youth who had brought the strange intelligence—as he advanced to the door of the room, locked it, and placed the key in hi* pocket "fevery one will assert hi* innocence of course. But, comrades, Aippose vre endeavor to find him out? Let us search each other. Thetraitof, *hoevar he may be, must doubtless Have ia bis soasession Ml nmnf of i V. Ai ... oxperinoiant is What say you?" "Agreed! agreed!" exclaimed the nihilistSL ae with one accord they sprang convulsively to their f«et. One of the staderite—a tall, lank youth with a somewhat foppish appearance objeoted, however, to the proposal. "But why?" hotly demanded tho professor, who seemed all eagerness to begin the investigation. "Because," was the hesitating re joinder. "honor ought to be enough. Besides there is something degrading in the idea of smirching one another, as If. Indeed, we were a lot of pick pockets. So let us break up the meet ing. This excitement is absurd, and renders the discussion of our plot im possible. As for the story told by tho drunken soldier in the ca1 don't believe a word of it" These words produced an angry murmur among the excited conspirators. The protest seemed so ridiculous und as the clamor increased Ivan turned to the speaker and warmly exclaimed: "Very well we shall abstain from searching you, since yeu wish it but remember this, that if we fail to find a clew to the informant among those who willingly submit to the examina tion we shall then know upon whom to fix our suspicions. Now, comrades, search me first I am ready." In a moment the speaker's pockets were emptied of their contents, and even the lining of his clothes was care fully searched, but beyond a few old love letters, some political pamphlets, and an English newspaper with a para graph obliterated with lamp-black, nothing of an incriminating character was found. A second student jjeadily submitted to the test—if test it was— with similar results. Then a third stepped forward and placed himself in the hands of his companions. But at" that moment a curious incident occur red. An invisible hand suadenly ex tinguished tho light of the candle, and in a second the room was plunged in utter darkness. What did it mean? Who had quench ed the light? For a moment the nihli ists remained motionless, as if rooted to the spot. As they listened in alarm they heard a strange, creaking sound in the direction of the curtained win dow. 8udden!ythr voice of Ivan exclaimed in the darkness: "Comrades, this is a trick! Listen! Some one is endeavor ing to ©9cape by the window! It is the traitor at last His attempt to escape betrays his guilt haw to deal with him k sttad b%ck! I In aa icstoot the resorts of three re- tnrtmg volver shots ran* out thrtmg-h the room and were followed by an afoaizinf yell as some ono fell heavily upon the flew. A profound sil«ao« then encuedk It was &a awfui situation. At length Ivan spoke to his terrified •otBf&nions. a Ught bow," he said ia trezahiinff voice. -and let us look upon the face of a tmiter. Will no one huv«. Am you a& afraid to faz# upon the dsad body of a miscreant who hasi betrayed us to eur ^emies? Come, professor, where are the matches? Youj had them laaL hush! What sound Is that? Llftenl By heavens, cota rfdaa the polko are upon us already. The hotts^ le siirroundedl Quick! here is a trap-door known only to myself. It leads to the main sewer and is our only hope of escape. Follow me." Groping hand In hand in the dark,, the affrighted men followed the speak-) er's directions, and after some momen tary confusion disappeared into a noi some abyss. None too soon. In an other Instant the door of the room was battered to pieces, and a company of gendarmes entered. Lights were now flashed in every direction, but it was obvious to all that the conspirators had escaped. The officer in charge Bwore long and deep, and ordered the men to search the house from top to bottom. Then advancing toward the window,he stumbled over a human body. "What's this?" he exclaimed, ex amining the dead man's features with a lantern. "Ha! so they have caught you at last, my friend, have they? Well, you placed the spy long and well, but it always oomes to this in the end." And tearing down the window cur* tain the officer threw it over the rigid body of—the professor,—Pall Mall Budget To Separate Ores. A new form of magnetic separator has been introduced abroad, which embodies a number of alleged improve* ments over the forms at present used. It consists of a soft iron cylinder which is subjected to the magnetizing action of a current from a dvnamo. Over the cylinder pass two endless chains of soft iron, which become magnetized from the cylinder, and there by attracts the part* icles of ore. These particles attach them selves to the chain and are carried around until they are outside the in fluence of the cylinder, when they be come detached aad fall into a separate compartment. The separator is used ia Spain for separating iron from fine ore, and is able to treat three and a half tons of ore with an expenditure of ono* quarter horse power. •oh* BishopGullera—"lam deligjfted to learn that Japan is -going to adopt Christianity." Miss Penelope Peach blow— "Indeed! Well, if it is of the United States kind they'll have to en large their jails and maintain an effi cient corps of bank inspectors.M Don't Laugh. A Stafectque young lady 90 heartily at her lover's remarks thfct her jaw got out of joint and a physician was sent for post haste. v Iceland** 6«fMrfb The geysers of Iceland which hate benn among the greatest attractions ot the i*!aad ywe gp^UwjUf A*wwa# tMt force. i THE 6ESKIAL •EBCHAKiDIIIE, KNOW CHILDREN'S FINE SHOES. PARTMkNT is complete, OKIUI4. C. H. WOOD, —DIALSR IX- DRUGS MEDICINES Ftftt 8TATI0NERV, PHttfc Goods, Albums, Fine Toilet Moape .Brushes, Combs. Toys, Fancy Goods, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Calsortjju^c Wall Paper, and a full line if Patent Medicines. CHOICE PERFUMERIES. Prescriptions carefully compounded daj j. oraicbt. IGABAVSBUS. MAI/mOH PMCOTA A i*". 't'n in Visitors WILL EXPECJT TO FIND And in order that they may not be disappointed, and that the ladies of Madison may le enabled to convince our visitors that Madison ill a stylish city, J. J. FITZGERALD Ea8 placed in stock a delightful line of dress goods, embracing the very latest patterns in Henriettas. Cash meres. Lady's Cloth. Brilliaiitines, Tolc du Nords, Outing Flannels, Knicker bocker Dress Goods, Etc. An! a Complete Assortment of Dress Trimmings. =s§r— Also a beautiful line of Ginghams and Prints. A stylish line of Men's and Boys' Hats just received. The Inwwf sffvV of CARPETS AND LACE CURTAINS in the city. Yours for style, IONABLE DRESS GOODS, LADIES' AND WALL PAPER, 1K1»M A\I JEWELRY. BiW mur Spring Supply of WALL PAPER FROM- SMITS a& COOIC DRUGGISTS AND JEWELERS. BAKHI1KU, COLLKt'TIONM, Etc. W. P. SMITH, President M. W. DALT, Vice-President* J. A. TROW, Cashier Citizens JSmioiiql Capital $50,000. Surplus 116,000. MADISON DAKOTA A General Banking Business Transacted. Will refcnit money to any part of the Old World, and sell ticket* to and from principal European porta on any of the leading lines ol steamboats. City and Municipal Bonds bought and sold. Madison, South Dakota. A GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS TRANSACTED. Makes a specialty of first mortgage and real estate loans. Baj municipal, oounty and school bonds and other securities. CORRESPONDENTS. Quaker City National Bank, Philadelphia, Penn* National Bank of Illinois, Chicago, 111. Sioux Falls National Dank, Sioux Falls, S? 1). V •sr. -ir. -Jr. -Jr. «e» ft ix if ft *8 SOS- SOS J.J.FITZGERALD. BOOTH* MHO KM, DRY UOODM A UHOCERIK8. PW SPf)I]X[Q LIFE! M. J. McGILLIVRAY & CO. ESEMLRed School-House Shoe, BEST IN THE MARKET. ETTER THAN EVER prepared to supply their customers with seasonable goods. Call and see our fine new line of FASH Our GROCERY DIS- Collections made and promptly remitted. CORRESPONDENTS: First National Bank, Chicago. Chase National Bank, New York. Minnehaha National Bank, Sioux Falls. CHAS. B. KENNEDY, Pres. fi. H. CLAPP, Vioe Pree. Wm. F. KENNEDY, Sec'y A Treaa. J. L. JONES, Ass't Sec'y A Treaa. Northwestern Loan and Banking Co. CITY MRAT MARKET. ROCHE & GGETHEL, Gity Meat Market OLD P. MUlkDJUG. Fn&b and Cur^'d Meats, Fi*i, Fold and Gamo in wason. v V A I K & H.