THE DAILY LEADER.
MADISON. SOUTH DAKOTA
SATURDAY EVENING. NOV. 7,189L
TKKMS Or SUBSCRIPTION.
By mail, 1 year
A peculiar phase of the Iowa election
is the fact that the defeat of prohibition
£8 mainly due to the four river counties
ftvith largt cities in them. Wheeler, Re
publican carried tifty-nine counties
'•'sagainst forty for Boies. Outside of
these river counties Iowa is Jsolidly pro
hibition. The senate is a tie on Repub
licans and Democrats with one prohibi
tionist people's man and one Independ
jent but the house is fifty-three Repub
lican against forty-six Democrats, and
levery one of the former are pledged to
*f!Twi Leader make*
tarnishing inform utiou concerning the advan
tage? and r*f«iurce» of the city of Madison and
llii- Mate at largi\ entitling it to the patroiiSKe
*twfewtti*ee»u« every el***.
.». r. STA.KL, Proprietor.
The sixth annual assembly of the In
ternational Chnstaia Workers' associa
tion is in session in Washington'
Yankton county has guaranteed her
proportion of the $80,000 necessary for a
South Dakota exhibit at the world's
The $150.0*» bonds recently voted by
the city of Pierre have been executed
and deposited with Jthe three national
banks of that city—$30,000 oach.
The Aberdeen News asks, "Will it be
McCoy?" in referring to the appoint
ment of a new governor for Oklahoma.
Dakota says, 'Wr cau -pare aim."
Capt. W. II. Stoddard of Sioux Falls
has been appointed jury commissioner
of the United States district court for
South Dakota, the appointment being
made by Judge Edgerton.
E. T. Cressey, assistant librarian of
the U. S. senate, has been engaged by
the (J. A. R. of Sioux Falls to deliver
lecture in that city on the evening of the
12th inst. Subject: "Battlo
In an interview in Chicago Gen. Con
gor said: "McKinley has won a magnif
icent victory in our state and the policy
of protection and reciprocity will win for
the Republicans 1892. There will be
a friendly contest between Foraker and
Sherman for the senatorship."
Dead wood dispatch, 5: Custer citizens
are disappointed at the action of the
governor in staying the execution of
Lehman and are loud in their denuncia
tion and declare the man mast die. A
petition protesting against the commut
ation of the punishment is being circu
lated and signed largely. Lehmaq took
the news of his respite cooly
ited no surprise.
The Dead wood Times says the late
election was unlike heretofore in the
belt towns, as peace and quietness pre
vailed. Special policemen were at all!
the polls to see that no electioneering
was done within fifty feet of the booths.
The saloons were all closed until six
o'clock in the evening, and there were
no drunken men to be seen as at pre
vious elections. The Australian ballot
system waa pronounced by the majority
as being a great improvement
old way of voting.
The dispatch with winch the United
States cruiser Balinnorc lias been sent
to Chili would indicate that the "un
pleasantness" between this and that
country is not yet ended. But as it is
hardly expected that a great nation like
the United States would pounce upon
a little quarrelsome neighbor it is gen
erally believed that this warlike atti
tude called in Europe a "demonstration"
will have the effect of quieting the
nerves of the ebullient Chilhans.
JBupport the present law and have pro
hibition constituencies at their back. It
will be some tim before prohibition
goee out in Iowa.
Washington dispatch, 4: President
Harrison refuses to be interviewed on
the result of the elections. He does not,
however, look upon the McKinley field
with a heavy heart. He did not at any
time believe that national issues were
involved in any contest except Ohio
where the Republicans waged war
against free silver and sought to uphold
the preeeut iriff law. In Massachu
setts the liquor, educational and other
stale issues overshadowed every question
and not a ray of light thrown upon thoj
tariil or finance. In New York the
r*— '3 was in opposition to Tammany
-ad the country districts seem to
have lost interest in the tight. Gotham
made such inroads upon the ring rule,
that the president believes that Tamma
ny and the democracy would have been
wiped out, had the country preauaftUl
turned out and voted.
Scarcely two years has the Brazilian
republic been in existence when it is
wreutliug '.J the throes of a revolution.
Last week some citizens of Rio Janeiro
got into a row with the soldiery and bad
feeling ensued. The commanders of the
poet entreated President Fouseca to as
sume the role of dictator and administer
more stringent law. As the encroach
meats of the central government over
congress and the citizenship has been a
MoroeoffnctK*1 for sometime, Pooseoa
hesitated but shortly at the suggestion
of the army officers to assume the dic
tatorship, and the provinces will now be
put under martial law. Fouseca claims
that when peace is restored and a new
congress elected, he Will relinquish his
dictatorship. As revolution is imminent
and he may finally find himself going the
way of Balmaceda.
Since 1887 an important interstate
commerce case has been going on it) the
United States courts of Iowa. In that
year the Chicago and Northwestern rail
way company published an 18 cents per
hundred rate on corn from Scranton,
Iowa, to Chicago. A few months after
the company reduced the rate to 10 and
11 cents from Nebraska points to Chica
go but left it unchanged as to Iowa
points. This was a violation of the
interstate commerce act, and one Os
borne of Scranton, Iowa, who had paid
the company 18 cents sued for the 7 or 8
cents rebate. The jury as ordered by
the court found a verdict against the
railroad company. It did not avail
the company anything, that it plead cat
rates from Nebraska points by other
roads and that it had to reduce its rate
to secure business. It ought to have
proceded in legal form against the other
roads to bring them to justice while
maintaining its own rate in Nebraska or
else lowered its rate in Iowa to corres
pond with the Nebraska cut rate. This
decision will commend itself very favor
ably to the agricultural portion of our
people, and is but another evidence, that
proper control of railroads is within the
power of the people by simply exercising
a wise choice in tilling our legislative
halls and judicial seats. It would be
well, however, for our Independent
friends to note in regard to the above
case that a Republican congress passed
the interstate commerce law, and a Re
publican judge instructed the jury.
LONDON'S GREAT PAPERS
THE POWERFUL INFLUENCES BY
WHICH THEY ARE CONTROLLED.
The Timet Practically the Organ of the
Bothscbllda The Kfyptlaa Epliedc.
How Sir Algernon Borthwiek
Ing Toward a Peeraga.
^Copyright, 1891, 1
y American Press Associa
or the other
the principal ur
gans of the Euro
pean press. The\
he London Tim
takes one view and The Daily News an
other that the Paris Temps is in favo:
of a cautious policy, while The Gaulc
demands immediate action, and that ti
Berlin Tagblatt, the St. Petersburg In,
voe Vremya, the Rome Riforaia, th.
Vienna Frenulenhiatt and the Madrid
Imparcial are each of them at variance
with their local contemporaries on issuer
of domestic and international interest.
While everybody is cognizant of the
ownership of the leading American jour
nals and to a certain extent acquainted
with the politics, the interests and the
aims of the proprietors, but little i»
known of the influences at the back of
the great newspapers in Europe. A few
notes bearing upon the subject may
therefore prove of interest, inasmuch as
they will enable Americans to gauge tho
value and to perceive the motives of the
utterances of the transatlantic press.
The power Ijehind the throne in the
case of the London Times, which, not
withstanding the numerous errors of its
ways, still continues to rank as the most
important and weighty of all the Old
World journals, is of a purely financial
character. Mr. John Walter, to whom
the newspaper ostensibly belongs, is but
little better than a mere figurehead, and
it is the Messrs. Rothschild, and not he,
who control not only its policy but even
its administration. Their predominating
influence in the great establishment at
Printing House square dates back to
early in the seventies, when they were
able to acquire the major part of the
shares. The interest of the Walter fam
ily in the concern is limited to one-six
teenth of the stock.
The Rothschild hand first became ap
parent In 1877, shortly after the pur
chase by Great Britain of the founders'
shares in the Suez Canal company. Fore
seeing that this investment of English
government funds in Egypt was bound
time to result in a vast in
crease of British power and responsi
bility on the banks of the Nile, and
would probably lead to a de facto, if not
de jure, annexation of the country, the
Rothschilds at once set to work to buy
up cautiously for themselves aa4 for
their friends all the Egyptian securities
of which they could get hold. The khe
diviate waa regarded at that time as
/radically bankrupt, add consequently
public at large as scarcely worth the
per on wtjjoh they wer$ pr&fcd.
Thenceforth the Rothschilds devoted
themselves to the task of involving
the British government more and more
in Egyptian affairs, knowing that every
step taken by the Downing street ad
ministration in the direction of annexa
tion would augment the value of the
khedivial stocks. Not a. day passed
without the London Times containing
long and costly cable dispatcher from
Alexandria, in every one of which was
repeated the samo old refrain, to the ef
fect that the only salvation for Egypt,
the only relief for tho miserable peas
antry from the grinding taxation and
the only chance for the foreign holders
of Egyptian bonds to obtain their due
lay in the British occupation of the
delta of the Nile. It was the popular
opinion created in England by these
cablegrams and letters from Egypt that
led up to the bombardment of Alexan
dria in 1882, and it is significant that,
notwithstanding the fact that th© Brit
ish guns pounded into utter ruin the
wealthiest and most important commer
cial center of the Levant, the price of
Egyptian bonds in London and Paris in
creased from 20 to 30 per cent, within
twenty-four hours afterward.
At the present moment, with the Brit
ish in practical possession of the Delta,
the Egyptian securities have risen from
70 below par to 4 above, and are re
garded as sound an investment as Eng
lish consols. Inasmuch as the Egyptian
debt amounts to some $800,000,000, near
ly all of which was held ten years ago
hy the Messrs. Rothschild, it is easy to
form an approximate idea of the enor
mous profits which they have secured on
Hie price of the bonds. Their winnings
must have been amply sufflci' it tore
coup them more than a thousand fold
for the expense involved by the purchase
of that controlling interest in The Tiniw
which contributed so greatly to the suc
cess of their Egyptian speculation. I
may add that the entire merit of the
latter belongs to the present Lord Roth
hchild, who embarked his house into the
venture against the advice of hi* father,
the late Baron Lionel Rothschild, an
in deference to the strong recommenda
tion of l«rd Beaconstield, who was as
fond as he could be of anybody of liis
Nor have the Rothschilds proved nn
mindful of the services rendered by the
Alexandrian correspondent of The Times
in sending to tho paper those long cable
dispatches that were destined to pro
mote British intervention in Egypt, and
in natural sequence the success of their
scheme. They brought him to England
and caused him to be appointed general
manager of the paper.
Whereas The Times endeavors to lead
public opinion, the efforts of The Daily
Telegraph are devoted to following
closely in its wake and to achieve recog
nition as the vox populi. More than any
other English paper it is quick to "Qatch
on" to a popular fad or craze and to
work it for all it is worth. Here, too,
the controlling interests of the paper,
which is the most widely circulated of
all English journals, is in the hands of
Hebrews, namely, the Levi Lawsons,
whose aims are, however, of a social
rather than of a financial nature. An
attention or a courtesy from some great
leader of society or royal personage is
perfectly sufficient to secure not only the
support of the paper, but even if required
a complete volte face in its politics. The
result is that the utterances of The Daily
Telegraph carry no weight with the
classes, although it is possible that they
may do so with the masses. Among the
best known members of its staff are Sir
Edwin Arnold, George Augustus Sala
The Daily News is owned in part by
Mr. Labouchere, M- P-. the Radial pro
prietor of Truth, and partly by tne Mor
ley family, which represents the great
nonconformist element which is the
bacldone of the Liberal party. It is the
policy and aims of the latter which it
represents, except when it makes room
in its columns for the flippant cynicisms
of Labouchere and Justin McCarthy.
The Standard, which ranks almost on
a par With The Times in point of impor
tance, is the recognized journal of the
old Tory party, and may justly be con
sidered as the organ of the prebeut Con
servative administration. Its editor, Mr.
Mudford, who look s upon Lorl Ran
dolph Churchill as his particular bete
noir, is a constant guest of the premier,
Lord Salisbury, at Hatfield, and the
views which he expresses may be regard
ed as those of the cabinet.
The Morning Post, like The Telegraph,
is without weight. Its politics are Con
servative and its aims social. Its so
ciety columns are rented out at so much
a line, and it caters almost exclusively
to that portion of the London world
which yearns to see its name in the news
papers as having been present at swag
ger entertainments. The proprietor is
Sir Algernon Borthwick, who, having al
ready won a baronetcy by m£ans of his
paper, is devoting all his energies as
well as thiM-e of his clever wife to (^cur
peerage. One of his maneuvers in
the pursuit of this aim is sufficiently
characteristic to be worthy of a pass
ing notice. Every year he hires at a
large cost one of the castles in th* im
mediate neighborhood of the queen's
highland country seat at Balmoral, and
then secures the presence of some fa-
Qusic. and h/tring ascertained, th*t ftp
distinguished artist or artiste is staying
with the Borthwicks, forthwith proceeds
either to invite herself to tea there for
the purpose of hearing the songbird, or
else "commands" the presence of the
latter, accompanied of course by Sir
Algernon aud Lady Borth wick, at Bal
moral. All are satisfied. The queen
gets a concert free of cost, the artist gets
the advertisement of having performed
before her majesty and the Boithwick*
SIB ALQEHXOK BOBTKWICK.
enjoy the kudos of having figured
either as the queen's hosts or guests. In
this way they have succeeded in ingrati
ating themselves into royal favor and
are now included among that newly con
structed clique of London society, name
ly, the purveyors of amusement and
entertainment for the members of the
Of the remaining papers worthy of
mention are The Sf. James* Gazette,
which is owned by a German Hebrew
named Steinkopff, and The Pall Mall
Gaxette, owned by Mr. Yates Thomson.
Archduke Johann Heard From.
NEW YORK, NOT. 7.—Archduke Jo
hann, of Austria, who a year ago gave
np his title and position at court and
contracted a morganatic marriage with a
beautiful opera singer, has been heard
from. After his marriage he hired a
ship and sailed as its master. The ship
was not again heard of and was given
np as lost. His wife's brother has re
ceived a letter from his mother in Vi
enna, in which she wrote that she had
heard from her daughter. The vessel
in which the archduke and his bride
sailed was wrecked off the South Amer
ican coast and the pair went to Chili.
He took part in the late troubles there,
but it in not known on which side he
Rusalan Naval Construction.
ST. PETERSBURG. Nov. 7.—The Rus
sian government is pushing forward the
building of a fleet with more energy
than ever, and several private ship
yards will soon become the property of
the government. The czar is said to be
anxious to make Russia a first class naval
power, and he means to hare a strong
fleet of sea-going ironclads and belted
Palatable and Nutrition*.
Sr. PETERSBURG, Nov. 7.—Vast quan
tities of beet root refuse, mixed with a
small percentage of rye flour, is being
utilized for bread, and is said to be
palatable and nutritious. The frequent
reports of dishonesty in the manage
ment of the funds entrusted to govern
ment officials for relief purposes, has
caused some falling off in the contribu
tions and there is a growing demand
that the expenditure of money donated
by private charity be entrusted to pri
Wu Sketching Ruaaian Forts and Prieone
LONDON, NOV. 7.—A dispatch from St.
Petersburg states that at the time of his
arrest at Berdicheff, in the government
of Kieff, Russia, Mr. Joseph Pennell,
the artist employed by the London Il
lustrated News and the Scribuers,
American publishers, was engaged in
making sketches of the various Russian
prisons and forts in the vicinity and sur
DEC ATUR, 111., Nov. 5.—Harry Ogden,
a young man 22 years of age, and the
•on of repectable parents, was shot and
Mlled in Melhorn's saloon by an un
known man. The murderer fled and
has not yet been arrested.
Hardware Store and examine
A complete lino of Heavy and Shelf
Hardware and Build
yyTin Shop in connection with Store
OM. JR. AHUMT.
0m Ch C*
C» J. JParmer
FARMER & FARMER,
ATTORNEYS I COUNSELORS AT LAW
Office over J. J. Fitzgerald's store*
Office in the Court Ho«se
First door east of the post offices,
FINE WORK A SPECIALTY.
Complete satisfaction guarauted. invite the gentlemen of Madi
son to consult us
when in nood of
I—* H4 P-"* V-M
CkO* P* P
NATION AL BANK'
Capital ir«d Surplus, (61,500.
A General Banking Busi
8old. Collections a Specialty.
EVA competent collector constantly employed
to attend to collection* in »urroundin}? eaaatty.
onejr loaned on real esUfci 4A
.5- 'to# ."i.w
Ckenieat BhnV, Ymfc.
Pint National Bask, Chicago. v ,4
Sieax Fall* Natteoal Bank. Sloaz Valla, t. D.
THIS TRADE MARK.
Do not purchase Stoves until you haye examined]
KUNOERT 5 FITZGERALD.
MKBCH A JVT TAIl.ORI!V«.
THOMAS & RONNING,
anything in our line.
WE BOUGHT 100
Fine Watch Chains—Ladies' and Gents'—Got them in that
quantity juset 20 per cent, less than manufacturers1 wholesale
priee. Do yon want Qne of them at the corresponding price?
Call and see them, 'twill cost £ou nothing—they are in our south
window, together with some other beautiful new designs in Fin#
Jewelry of various sorts.
Our north window is devoted to Artists' Materials this week.
Some beautiful studies in Oil will repay your gaze.
It takes (lie lead
It's the best in the world
it never chalks or flakes off!
It is guaranteed f«r live years
It costs less than other paint
Baaause it spreads 50 per cent, further.
Jmd Vr Mid in Lake couaty in four and a half yeaa»*»«t
GALLONS no one ha entered a complaint yet.
SMITH & COOK,
BA H.EKY, CO XI'ECTfeOK KKV, Etc.
PFI8TER & 811KA,
BaVers, Fruiterers and Confectioners.
Bakers ot the Celebrated CllEAM BKEAJ).
LUNCH Oysters served in every style.
F. FITTS, X- l»Yrr*, W.A. MACKAY,
President. Vice resilient. Caahtw
Dm$g'*ts an Jewelert*
CITY MEAT MARKET,
City Meat Market.
Keepe constantly on hand a foil
FRESH CURED MEATS,
Fish, Fowl and Game, in seasoii.
and Main At.
Contractor and Builder.
Done on snort notice, by
L. I. FJSHUR.
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