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A COIGN OF VANTAGE.
i THE ISLAND OF JUAN FERNANDEZ COMING INTO PROMINENCE. Ti» OMf of War with the United State* lalklrk'i 01*1 Home Might Be Captured as4 lamed Into a Soulb fkmoni FortrfM*. HE natnral for tresses of the world have al ways been places of romantic in terest as well as of groat politi cal importance. Those which command impor tant waters have been struggled for with desperate en ergy, and it is scarcely necessary to add that Great Britain has secured the most important. Gibraltar and Aden, com manding tlie Mediterranean and the Red sea, and insuring control of the route to India, are hers Malta, the gr*»af. naval station in the eastern Medi terranean, is British, and so are Hali fax, St. Helena, the Cape of Good Hope and many others. On the western continent each nation is as yet the owner of its natural fortifi cations, and no sin-h anomaly as that at Gibraltar is yet established: but in view of possible trouble between the United States and Chili, the Island of Juan Fer nandez has all at. once attracted much attention. In a study of the situation it is first of all necessary to note that the Pacific coast of the Americas is as a rule "landlocked" from Alaska to Patagonia —that is, lofty mountains run close to the shore and for long distances there is very little beach—while on the Atlan tic side there is almost everywhere a gentle slojie to the ocean, and so fortift* cations must be artificial. Beginning at the northwest corner of the United States the approaches are as a rule easy, and no other state has so much deep water interior navigation as Washington. At the month of the Co lumbia, however, the difficulties are great, and there it may be said there is a natural fortification. At San Francisco is one of the greatest natural defenses in the world, and San Diego is also quite defensible. According to the official summary the United States bas but three good harbors on all its Pacific coast, which extends through 17 degs. of latitude. Chili does not seem to be ranch better supplied, though its coast line is nearly JUA.X FERXANDEZ. twice that of the United States, extend ing from latitude 24 to 56 south. De ducting Patagonia west, however, over which Chilian jurisdiction is but nom inal, the coast line runs through but 19 degs. of latitude and as Chili is no where over 200 miles wide, and in some places lmt fifty, its configuration is much like a yard of ribbon, and the total of real Chilian area is but 1 S3.000 square miles. The harbors in the order of their ex cellence are Talcahuana, Coquimbo, Valparaiso, Caldera and Vr.ldivia, but the third is the most important. It is evi dent therefore that if there is war the islands will be of vast importance. Inci dentally it may be noted that in no part of the world do American sailors enjoy better health than on the coast of Chili, and that the climate of Juan. Fernandez is perfection—if Booh time lit in this world. The island so famous in song and story, often called "Robinson Crusoe's island," lies about 400 miles west of Valparaiso, in latitude 33 degs. and 38 min. south—just the right latitude for a seagirt isle to have all the advantages of the tropics and temperate zones. It is about one-third larger than Staten Is land—that is, it contains about ninety square miles, its greatest length being seventeen miles and greatest width six teen mile3. Port Cumberland is the only good harbor, and not only, is the island landlocked on all sides, but reefs surround it in such a way that there are but few openings into the c^apafatively calm water inshore. F- 1 THE MORRO OF AJUCA. Every visitor speaks with enthusiasm af the glorious picture the island pre» sent# at first view—the great cliffs of many colored rock, the sloping vales be tween so richly colored by tropical veg etation, the wild fruits and plants, the clear waters rolling gently on the sandy qhnrtjs where the lx*ach is/sloping, and the deep, beautifully blue sky over all. In the eAriy morning, as a rule, all the peaks of M»-. A tne island are wrapped in mist, which toon rolls up in light, fleecy clouds and is then dissipated by the rising son. As tb mist rulls away the froat of tfc* limestone hill above Port Cumber laud sf«ms to be pierced by the embra sures of an immense fortification, bat these are only the remains of cliff dwell ings Vig by convicts. Nearly all the early navigators in the Pacific saw the w island, and some of tbrtm turned cattle, about far enough from the coast ftr refuge and refitting station. In 1704 a Scot* sailing master a Dampier's squadron, after a quarrej with his captain, wus left on the islani by his own request and lived a soli tar life four years and *X'n months, till takel off by Captain Woo lets Rogers. This wai Alexander Selkirk, the supposed origi nal of Robinson Irusoe. Next a Span iard named Juan Fernandez locate! there with his family and gave th« island population and a name. Quite I community had gathered when Chili Vx| came independent and made the island a penal colony. The convicts were indulged in a grew) deal of liberty and the garrison w» small. One night the former rose in r» volt, massacred the soldiers and man} of the honest villagers of Port Cumber land, but rum, rioting and mutual inur der soon reduced them to a handful Then came a Chilian man-of-war an slaughtered all the survivors except very few. who found refuge in the wile interior. A little later the mate of at American whaler found a few widow and daughters of the convicts living it a cave in a hidden valley he deserted took up his abode with them, and found ed a family which still has represents tives on the island. OlBRALTJdL Despite the drift of waifs and outcast! and the incoming of honest Chilian colo nists the population is not one-tenth wha the island would sustain. It is the idea place for an American coaling and mili tary station and capable of being easilj made the Gibraltar of the South seas The largest vessels could easily enter th« harbor of Port Cumberland, but no where else could they reach the shore and from the heights a garrison coult defend it against the nn vies of the world El Yunke (The Anvil), the highesi mountain on the island, rises but 3,00( feet above the sea. With the Nicaragui canal completed and Juan Fernande held and fortified the United State« need not beg any South American natior to treat her sailors decently. Arica is the most southern port save one in Peru, and therefore a place ol great importance in relation to Chili and the Morro or high rocky headlanc by it is a natural fortress of immense strength. On th.a Peru has long main tained a garrison, but that nation is nol now in a condition to utilize its strength. The history of Gibraltar shows the iin mense advantage of holding such places. The Saracens fortified it in 712 and held it against the Christians for 597 years. Later they captured it and held it twen ty-nine years. Then the Spaniards held it 246 years, till ihe famous Sir Georgt Rooke and the Prince of Hesse Darm s-tadt. with com billed British and Dutch fleets, captured it on Aug. 4,1704. It 1779-83 occurred the ever memorable siege by the combined naval forces ol France and Spain. For three years the attention of th civilized world was fixed upon that rock, and on several occasions the most furi ous bombardments were maintained foi weeks. In December, 1781, a thousand pieces of fixed artillery and forty-sevei. ships of the line played on the fortress, while 40,000 men pressed the approaches from the land side. Yet the English, numbering 7,000 men. under Sir Gilbert Elliott, beat them off. At one time, it is claimed, about 800 English in an ad vanced fortress drove back the whole at tacking land force. In September, 1782. the besiegers succeeded in getting ter great floating batteries close to th£ fortress, and on the 13th one of the most dreadful cannonadings in history took place. At midnight every floating battery but one had been set on fire by red hot shot, and all their crews were drowned 01 killed save 400, who were rescued by the British. The latter lost sixteen killed and sixty-eight wounded. In February, 1783, the general peace was concluded, and that ended the famous siege. goats, pigs and horses loose upon it, and trained editors employed to edit all gov these multiplied BO rapidly that later ad venturers found an abundant meat sup ply, and finally thft buccaneers seized the »pot HS thf/ir rendezvous, it being JIIST J. H. BEADLE. Where Jefferson Lived. 1 The movement on foot to preserve and make public property the Hermitage, where Andrew Jackson lived, has tend ed indirectly to call attention to Jeffer son's old home, Monticello. It stands on the summit of a beautiful mountain near Charlottesville, and commands an un surpassed view of the surrounding coun try. On a clear day the old capital of the Confederacy, sixty miles away, can be seen. The mansion is of the modern ized type of Greek architecture which was so popular in the south a few gen erations ago, with rotunda and Corin thian columns. V eat lug s Hermit's Cave. It te remarkable that one who is both afflicted and a recluse should display in genuity. yet Giovanni Gorgesso, the blind hermit of the Island of Zacinthos, is declared by a recnt visitor to have devised a reflector which throws sun light enough into his cave to warm it and comfort its sightless tenant. Cloth, both broadcloth Mid ladies' cloth, is seen everywhere, and tricot is put forward as one of the season's nov elties in very light colors. I notice that they are draped in the windows over folds of contrasting velvet, which pre supposes that velvet will be the suitable trimming. The government departmental have eminent reports. Between 7,000,000 and 8,000,000 tons of soft coal are yearly burned in Chicago. A FAIRY TALES. The t!tce like for fairy tales Is when the day begins to die, Jastas the brilliant suusel palei V- And twilight •lutdous gather When I c*n lie before the Ore That blazes with a ruddy light* And hear the tales that never tire. Of imp and fairy, tfiiome and sprite. And sometimes as the shadows fall Across he lloor from every aide, A goblin dunces on the wall. And iznoniea williiu the corners hide. Then as the firelight blazes high We see the shadows run away. And silently mftiin draw nigh. Like spirits of the wood at plapy And when the euibcrs faiutly glMF, Upon the smoke I see ascend The little folk 1 love to know. Who vanitih at the utory's end. -Flavel Scott Mines in Harper's Young People. FIAKI'S BIRTHDAY. As it was winter and very cold, they had drawn around the prince the screens of precious woods in the little hall wh re he sat dreaming, his arm upon an ell» rest richly inlaid with pearl. Magiivii cent rolies of soft, downy silk over lapped and crossed their many colored collars upon the breast of this daimio, and on the shoulder and embroidered in gold on the sleeves was a star formed of five balls surrounding a sixth, the well known coat of arms of the illustri"us family of Kauga. who had no equals in power in all Japan save the family of Shendai or the family of Satsouma. Yet. this prince, who meditated thus in the depths of this palace, was very powerful, very rich and very renowned, his people admired and feared him. his vassals were ready to die for him. his least desire was a law to all surround ing him: nevertfleless. today, he found himself exceedingly unhappy, helpless, poverty stricken, deplorably poverty stricken in thought and fancy: for hud he not. for many days past, sought for some surprise to celebrate the birthday of his only daughter, and had been able to imagine none? It was also true that this princess, who tomorrow would be sixteen years of age. iossessed all that it was possible to possess—marvelous birds, fantastic fishes, extravagant dogs, chariots, bullocks, horses, palaces, everything that one could conceive of. and even marvels of which one did not dream brought specially for her from distant countries. The daimio told himself, shaking his head, that he had too much indulged his beloved daughter: that he should not have indulged her thus till she had exhausted—she, Ixardly entered u]Kn life—all the riches of the world. Now he had nothing to offer his child, to as tonish and charm hear. Still pondering. Rtill wondering, for a long, long while through the cloudy transparency of the window, he allowed his wearied gaze to wonder over the stripped garden, under the gray and weeping heavens. "What did she really still desire?" Suddenly lie sprang to his feet. •'We will see her." said he, "see her, and perhaps be able, without her sus pecting anything. to divine her caprice." He turned and struck the gong hang ing by a silken cord from the teeth of a monster in bronze. Immediately the panels forming the walls glided noiselessly apart, separated to each side, permitting you to see a long perspective of room after room filled by samourais of service, pages, guards and household domestics. The samourais—noble vassals wearing two swords— bowed profoundly before him the pages and servants prostrated them selves. brows to the ground. I am going to visit my daughter.'" said the daimio gravely. "Come!" And immediately the escort formed about him. while the guards ran in Ad vance to clear the way. Fiaki—that is to say. Ray of Sunlight —in a well closed hall of her own special palace, was seated, according to custom, upon broad white mats laid ujon the floor, the long folds of her magnificent trained robes billowing and spreading about her like the leaves of a gorgeous fan, tissues, muslins, silks and satins, the most abundant of them all a sky blue gauze figured with spiders' webs, in which were caught the petals of rare flowers. The face of this young girl was white as cream, her tiny mouth like a cherry cleft in twain, disclosing two rows of tine little rice grains: her eyebrows shaved and replaced by two little black spots made with a brush and placed high up on her brow, while her long hair, fol lowing the mode of royal fashion, was unbound and streaming down her back to lose itself in the folds of her garments. The maids of honor formed a half circle about their mistress, and in front of her, behind a light carved balustrade, a dancer moved slowly, waving her fan in time to the notes of the orchestra, in toning a strange, weird chant, with a gotto, a biva. three kinds of flute®, a drum and a tambourine. At the prince's entranco the symphony ceased, and Fiaki quickly concealed be hind the spiders' webs of her sleeve the twin cherries of her lips, which was a salute to her father, tender and chaste. He smiled with pleasure at the sight of the beauty and grace of his idolized child. She rose to greet him, and, like a sea agitated by a sudden tempest, the silk, satin, muslin and brocade of her skirts rustled and undulated behind her. He caressed her lovingly, heaped her with tender names, calling her his In comparable his Supernatural Beauty, bis Perfume of Heaven then he de manded of her if she were perfectly happy, if there was aught thit she de sired? •Ahl illustrious prince! adored fa ther!" Fiaki responded, bending back ward her supple body in a pretty move ment of sorrow, '•how can any one be happy when the earth suffers as now and the sky continually drops tears? The gods have been cruel in creating winter. Not even the purity of tlie •now can create for mo an illusion of my vanishing spring.'' The daimio listened thoughtfully. then, in a deeper reverie ettik retweed to his apartment. 'It is certain.' said he to himself, ••certain that spring, and spring only is all Unit Fiaki desires.' Ami he stopi**d to lend an ear to the •harp wind Mowing against the palace wull* Already the twilight was far ad vanced the gray dawn waiting to take the gray evening's place. •Yes, spring spring only,** mur mured the unhappy daimio, dejectedly resuming the seat that he had quitted a while ago. Suddenly his sorrow changed to anger, and he summoned his prime minister. Nai-Dai-Tsin ran, bending low his back and auguring nothing good for himself or others from the gloomy face of his master. The daimio was silent a mo ment, as if hesitating te give an order so extraordinary but soon, with an irri tated shrug of the shoulders, he spoke: •Tomorrow. Nai-Dai-Tsin," said he. •will be my daughter's birthday. I de sire—do you hear me?—I desire, 1 say, that dawn shall break on the trees and bushes of the park and all the country round about the palace covered with flowers, as in the first months of spring. Go!" "You shall be obeyed, master," re plied the prime minister, bowing him self out backward. But qnce outside consternation seized him. and he let his arms fall helplessly in the long sleeves of his gown. "it is exile, it is death." murmured he "yes, death! For i have not the tune to fly sufficiently far away, and thunder has fallen upon me from the clear sky of full prosperity!" His legs bent under him he caught at the walls to keep from sinking. 'What could he do to avoid disgrace? Nothing, nothing," he told himself, after he had thought over the matter carefully. For the pleasure of his child his royal master had seriously com manded spring! For a long while he stood without thought, his head hanging like a tiall of lead on his miserable breast: then he cast lethargy from him and turned with a resolute air. "Come, courage, Nai-Dai-Tsin," said he. "A Japanese does not tremble be fore death. C^uiclr. the saber first, the stroke in the stomach: the poinard for. the throat!" He drew out the weapon and prepared for the stroke, but paused reflectively. Was it really impossible to simulate spring, and thereby, instead of ruin and suicide, conquer eternal' fortune? No use to despair too quickly there was al ways time to die. But he could not repress a start of ter ror on seeing how deep the shadow had grown beyond the palace and how rap idly the lights were springing up. like fireflies in the darkness. "All the park and all the country round about." murmured he: "and only one night!" Then, on the run, he regained his dwelling, called the council together and, without giving them time even to seat themselves, imparted to them the extraordinary order transmitted to him by the prince. "An order to be executed under pen alty of death before the dawn of the day," said he. recklessly indifferent to the terrified faces of those surrounding him. "The prince's humor is not to be trifled with he will hear to no reason. But listen and fully take in the idea that has come to toe, which may be the sal vation of all. Go from here and set to work at once in all the country round about—men, women, children, nobles, laborers, merchants and peasants, with silk, cloth, satin, velvet, paper or gauze —to work at once, I say, manufactur ing artificial flowers, if stuff be lack ing let them cut up their clothes, their haugings. their screens, their rugs for the floor—briefly, all that may seem to them necessary or good. Then all these flowers, before daybreak, too, must be tied, nailed, glued or sewed upon the trees, plants and bushes, the smallest along the edges of the roads, the tallest farthest away in the fields, all the artists and painters in the neighborhood follow ing upon their steps to direct the decora tion and give finishing touches of the brush wherever needful. 1, in person, will watch over and foresee everything: our safety depends upon it." Less than an hour later there was not a palace, a house in the city or a hut in the country where they were not fever ishly occupied manufacturing flowers, and whoever had looked from the tower of the Kanga palace, shortly after the turn of the night, into the park and neighborhood wouldJiave believed him self in a sea of lanterns, which surged and lcajK-d from tree to thicket—an army of fireflies chased by foxes. But at this hour the illustrious daimio snored peacefully behind his screen of gold iucrusted iron wood and the In comparable princess, in tho softened rays of light sifting through the frail pearl leaves of a swinging lampadaire, reclined upon cushions and sought tc comi»ose in her dreams a fitting poem on spring. Her women had just finished dressing her next morning v when the Princess Fiaki heard under her window the notes of an orchestra and the chant of many voices. "Ah!" said she, with a wearied ges ture, "1 remember! My birthday to day! Why was I born in winter?" The maids of honor threw wide the window sashes. "True, mistress," returned they, "but see. the beautiful weather!" Beautiful indeed, the sky, for once, as if it had been a courtier clothed for the fete in a heavenly blue, across which a gay sun rolled of a gold a trifle pale. Languidly the princess advanced to the outer gallery and leaned from the balus trade. But then, what a cry of surprise and joy! Wliat was alt this she saw be fore her? Was it possible? Flowers, flowers everywhere! The spring, then had cotne! "What!" said she, turning from side to side a*d running from end to end of the gallery, "almond trees red and white, peach blooms, lilies, apple blossoms! Wliat a miracle!" Moreover, through all these spring roads and pathways gayly drawed i throngs were hurrying to pay their re spects to their prince's daughter: the great seigneurs on horselmck, the noble dames in bullock cars or the regular nourimanos. Fiaki hastened to descend. Tta dai mio met upon the terrace steps and she throw herself into bis amis with a cry of, "'Father! father! thou art in truth a god!" Then they strolled the park and gar dens to admire this magic* spring. Fiaki laughed and danced and dapped her hands like a child, and immediately a great chariot shaped like a pavilion, all aglow with gold stars and drawn by white bullocks, drew up at the terrace steps for the princess and her maids of honor to take a ride through the coun try. Then the visitors entered their cars and fell in lino and it was one long, joyous, brilliant and interminable pro cession. The prince led the way, the prime minister beside him, grave and impassi ble in his triumph. Tho scene of en chantment was vlie same along all the roads, the warmth of the sun and the light golden fog that faintly veiled the face of nature rendering still more com plete the illusion of spring, richer, more flowerv, more generous in all respects than the real springtime. "And what a delicious perfume!" cried the happy little princess, every instant thrnstiug her pretty little head out of the chariot to see the better. "What a delicious perfume floats in the air from all these flowers!" Delicious indeed! The daimio him self smelled it scent fountains and atomizers, in fact, hidden in the harness ing of the beeves, the spray from which mingled itself with the breath of the animals. Ever and ever so far they went into the country. Wild with delight. Fiaki could not abridge her happiness. Then she wanted to return by another road was it possible? A little uneasy, the prince regarded his impassible minister. "Does the princess desire," demanded he, "to return by the hills or the orch ards?" "The orchards, by all means," the young girl responded: "it is further and more beautiful." And bv the orchards they returned as Fiaki had said, more beautiful than all tlfley had seen. Soon the pink blossoms of a plum tree caught the princess' at tention. "1 must have it," she cried, "a branch of that plum tree to carry with me as a souvenir of this wonderful sjectacle." "The game is up!" moaned the prince to himself, throwing an appealing glance upon his minister. But the minister had neither paled nor trembled. "1 will do myself the honor of pluck ing it for you," said he. putting spurs to his horse and returning a moment later with a superbly flowered branch. No sooner done than the maids of honor wanted a piece, and then all the noble dames, seeing that they were really permitted to pluck the blossoms, leaped from their cars and demanded fragrant souvenirs on their own account. Really this was too much. The prince paled with anger and was going to order them to move on, but the minister reas sured him with an imperceptible shrug he knew women wrell—he had foreseen this also, and at a sign to an assistant a cart drove up loaded to the top with dewy blossoms, and all were provided with that which they demanded. Nai-Dai-Tsin had unhesitatingly pil laged all the conservatories of tho pal aces and had meu mingling with the crowd with bags full of flowers till the word was given. The prince, who had not divined this very simple device, was sjeecliles8 with amazement. "Thou art truly a wonderful man," he murmured in the minister's ear, as they re-entered the palace, "and thou hast done far more than I could possibly have hoped but even in the delight of this wonderful fete, there has been in me a dull disquiet—how shall we ever be able to surpass this spectacle for the coming year?" Meanwhile as the daimio tarried to speak to his minister, Fiaki descended from her chariot at the same time the son of the prince of Satsouma, who had far to come and who had just arrived at the palace with a brilliant eecort, ad vanced to salute her. A very handsome young man, too, and so brave that in spite of his youth he was already much talked aljout. Deeply moved at so much beauty, he stood be fore Fiaki, and she, no less blushing and confused, buried her face in the fragrant blossoms in her hand and could say not a word. Nai-Dai-Tsin, who seemed to see everything, called the prince's attention to them, and to the mutual mental dis turbance that seemed to leave them both tongue tied. "When the seventeenth year of your daughter arrives for her, my lord," said he, "give her for husband that hand some prince there, and she will love him more than today she loves the spring." The daimio's face broadened into a delighted smile and he hurriedly thrust a gold and bronze trinket into the prime minister's hand. "The key of my treasure box, Nai Dai-Tsin," said he "take it, use what you will, and heed my advice—be not too modest!"—Translated from the French of Judith Gautier by E. C. Wag gener for Short Stories. |)aglud'i Peerage. "OrtrOM Nobility," as most people are aware by this time, is a superstition. At least a half of the hereditary peer ages have been created within the last sixty years, and not one-fourth were in exist(rnce 150 years ago. The peerage consists, for the most part, of clever law-: yer8, who, as Burke said, are only birds of passage in the lower house, success ful commanders, unsuccessful party liacks, manfticent party backers and wealthy brewers. These are "Our Old Nobility," and we entirely fail to see why auybody should object to their hny ing themselves into "Our Old Proper ties."—Pall Mall Gazette. Sjrrup Good druggists 1.000 Cenulne Tyler Curtain Desk* til and 24 Net Spot Cash. Wo. 4007 Antique Otik Standard JF»*r Orak*. 4ft. ein. long by an. blah. Mice undliuPt. I'riHif, ZINC Bottom under drawer*: pntent Hram Curtain l'olishi Onk Writing Table 1 um tilcr lock one lock seeming all draw em 8 cardboard Kiiin# Boxes Cupboard In Finished Muck Kxtnt»l«ti Am- slulc* *00 lb». Pikf, t'. O. M. at Faflo' Also 1,000 Antique A«Ji A*h. Desks. Xo. 40UN. Sumo n* ntov:.\ Antique except hiuiW K WW I a« 011k. BLCCIeverCit.liw.f ,9. Wi-1Kh 1 Prle* O. B. u« Factory. »SSl Hi'l from o'ir ]iidl tnaili.« factory direct. Mad« ami solely by ihe TYLER DESK CO., St. Louis, Mo. cf HmI t'o etc ii» ceicr» prli.u-i. Ilm.i frr. 1: ceoti. SUBSCRIBE 11 »•—-y- y—y .,.n.ii--1,nr orr\9 THE City News EVERY DAY. ADVERTISE I* The Daily Leader. Its readers consult its columns tor bargains ill MERCHANDISE HOUSE SUPPLIES. SUBSCRIBE -FOB- A E IT CONTAINS complete resume of the local events of the city and country. IT CIRCULATES Extensively among the farmers, and is unequaled as an ad vertising mediqift. -ooc|^ Job Printing V THE DAILY LEADER'S job printing department is complete in eveiy detail. Orders for work will re ceive prompt attention, and sati factio* guaranteed ill erory parti ular.