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I bv THE DAILY LEADER. THURSDAY EVE**., AUGUST 3,1893. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. Bp mall, 1 year ... $8.00 ?y mail, 6 month* 800 By mail, 8 months 1-N) by carrier, per week..... Ite DAILY LUDIR IS TO ADVERTISERS. make* a qxcltl twtow of furnifhtnir information concerning the advantages and resources of the -itv of Mauison and of the •tate at lanre entitling it to the patronage of ad rerUaera of every class. J. F. STAHL, Proprietor. Democrats are said to be trying to kick up a row in the Indian school at Flaodrau. What won't a democrat try to do for an office? That is a shrewd move of the A%fP#6en politicans to kill off H. L. Loucks. Tbey are trying to arrange a joint de bate between him and ex-Congressman Hoar of Massachusetts, to be held at the atate fair. Chamberlain has granttd a fifteen year lea-je of American Island in the Missouri river to Dr. S. W. Duncan, on which to establish a sanatariutn or health resort. The waters of the hot springs will be analyzed and utilized, sod great improvements made on the island. DeSmet News, 28: To the manipulator of the Chautauqua, speaker who comes last is the They had Bain, and he was beet. ^eaioil every beet. They had Watterson and he was one better thau Bain. Then Copeland, Cook, Tal mage—each one better than his prede cessor. At last comes a certain Russel H. Conwell, and over him the Cliautau qua man goes into tits, and heads him "Born a King." Ah, Karl, thou art given to overmuch adulation. All these men are human. It trauspires since Receiver SfllHvan has taken charge of the failed Farmers and Merchants' Bank at Plankinton, that Treasurer Frendeofeldt of the state board of regents has his notes there and in the defunct National of Chamberlain lor $8,000. The board is now in session at Brookings and it is rumored that Joseph hftb three propositions to make to them: One that he will give for a bond some security company for the balance of the funds not turned in or to let him remain as he is and the third Mf they will give him a little time to turn What he has invested outside he will pay ttf the $*,000. Chamberlain Register, 27: In response to the wishes of the creditors of 'the late Brule County Bank Judge Haney came OQt from Mitchell Tuesday evening to i»ten to the arguments pro and eon on the application for the appoint ment of a receiver and the nullification of the recent action of Treasurer House in securing an attachment on the property of the bank. Attorney Brown represented the creditors who asked that the attachment of House be set aaide and a receiver appointed. At torneys Qreene and House represented the oounty treasurer and resisted the application. After hearing the argu ments Judge Haney rendered his de cision dissolving the attachment and ap pointing J. VV. Orcutt receiver. Warmed Over Asain« Yankton dispatch, 31: H. W. White, the well known inventor of tinn city, was Harried six years ago to Mrs. G. Wheel er, relicit of an old Yankton citizen. After a year of married iife Mrs. White went east and shortly after Mr. White ••cured a divorce. In May last Mr. White went to the world's fair with an individual exhibit consisting of an in vention of his own, and this exhibit at tracted wide attention it) the liberal arts building. In June Mr. White was taken *ery ill, and Mrs. White, formerly Mrs. Wheeler, heard of his indisposition. She went from her home in Ohio to Chicago and nursed her former husband back to health. They became lovers again, apd two weeks ago were married the •econd time. They are now at home in Yankton. Mrs. Wheeler is Mr. White's third and forth wife, and has been three times a bride. Mr. White is past seventy jReara old add his bride has seen sixty five winters. Hawthorn* In Bcaa 1'ot. The story goes that a few weeks ago an auctioneer near Lewiaton, Me., put up an old bean pot, and having no bids knocked it down to himself for 10 cents. Inside he found a copy of Hawthorne's "FaiiHhawe," the original edition. He rememlwred seeing in a Boston paper that a copy of this took had recently ljecn Bold for $131.50. He wrote to a Boston dealer, who offered him $100 for his (ind. which he took. It is said he vii^iit have got more.—Philadelphia NIL More Stamplug Tickets. JPhr, Pennsylvania company is about to tWard the old method of stamping tickets with ink. and will now punch the the year ami day cl-ur through the ticket by means ot powerful stencils. This is done to keep w al|enj and others from altering the date and thus extending tli»- luuit «f mileage looks and excursion tickets. W hen one thinks of the thousands of apt lal excurtsioti tickets sold on July 4 anu other occasions, the work devolving UJKHI the a^jut may be imagined. A pe culiar feature is that the month does not appear Everything is reckoned in the days of the year—ViOth. 43d or 251st, as the ease i»uiy be Following the day stamp is the final figure of the year, 8, which will remain until next January,— Hffr York Letter. 1IV A VMaiUOB IMWM In the earlier days it was the ly accented idea that the somnambulist was possessed. Anything and every thing that could not be understood or explained was of the supernatural. To see an individual apparently asleep and utterly oblivious to the greater number of surrounding objects and yet so keen ly wake to others as to be able to per form the most intricate actions without the aid of the senses was so greatly at variance with the common experience of mankind as to call up feelings of as tonishment and awe, not alone to ths minds of the vulgar or laymen, but tc those accustomed to scientific Investiga tion. Modern science has at least dis pelled this idea of the supernatural, thongh it has not ret been able to fur nish a rational theory which will ao Count for all of the manifestations of th« affection. It has done much, however, toward elucidating the functions of dif ferent parts of the nervous system and to that way prepared the mind for fuller understanding. Thus, in 1845, came a definition of Somnambulism as "a condition in which certain senses and faculties are sup pressed or rendered thoroughly impas sive, while others prevail in most un wonted exaltation, in which an individ ual, though asleep, feels and acts most energetically, holding an anomalous species of communication with the ex ternal world, awake to objects of atten tion and most profoundly torpid to things at the time indifferent, a condi tion respecting t/hich most commonly the patient on awakening retains no rec ollection, but on any relapse into which a train of thought and feeling related to and associated with the antecedent par oxysm will very often develop."— Louis Globe-Democrat. An Artist's vtetr*. "My own training has been a very thorough one,'' said Sir George Reid, P. E. S. A., in reply to a question I put him, as he refilled his churchwarden and stretched himself at full length on hia sofa. "At 12$ years of age I was ap prenticed to a lithographer in Aberdeen. I came to Edinburgh in 1381 and entered the board of trustees' school of painting at the Royal institution on my twentieth birthday. I started my artistic career as a landscape painter and would have scouted the idea of painting portraits. "However, I gradually came to the realization that as a rule the drawing in landscape was very faulty and weak. I felt that a landscape painter should go in for a good figure education, and so be able to draw anything. I therefore went in carefully for that branch of art, re turned to Aberdeen and began landscape painting and occasional portraits. Grad ually my portraits elbowed my land scapes out of the field, which shows how little command a man has over des tiny," thoughtfully remarked my host. "I don't regret it. Portrait painting has been most interesting to me and has brought me many friends."—Cassell's. The Civic Value of the Teacher. Since the days of Aristotle and his predecessor, Plato, there has, I think, been no great ethical or political writer who has ignored what I may perhaps call the civic value of education. Soc rates himself Cif indeed the "Theages" is good authority), in a passage which is possibly familiar to you as it is quot ed by Roger Aschamin 'The Scholeinas ter," enunciates the opinion that ''no one goeth about a more godlie purpose than he that is mindfull of the good bringing up both of hys owne and other men's chil dren." "What greater or better serv ice," says Cicero, "can we render to the state than by teaching and educating the young?" St. Chrysostom, setting the seal of Christian authority to the judgment of the refined pagan world, exclaims "There is no greater art than this of education, for what is equal to the pow er of disciplining the character and molding the understand of a youth?"— Contemporary Review. Women Should Try Raising Viol eta. Such has been the rage for -violets this season that the wholesale dealers have hardly been able to supply the retailers, who have paid as high as $1.75 a hundred for them through Lent and have paid Bines at times a penny apiece. Just be fore Ea.iter one florist sold 3,000 bunches in a single day. It seems to me there is a suggestion in theso facts for some re fined, capable woman, who would like to add to her income. Ask any gardener, and he will tell you violets are easily raised that the forcing of them in frames through the winter is not at all difficult, and if one can carry the same direct to the retailer during the busy season a big profit is assured. What one can do an other may attempt, and it is certain that this season a certain clerk living, in the suburbs brought into the city every morning freshly picked bunches of vio lets which greatly increased his income. —Brooklyn Eagle. The Hidden Life of a Nan. The young man who made an unhappy marriage and was divorced was for years a mystery to his creditors, because he did nut pay his debts, though he worked hard day and night. His reputation in that time suffered terribly, and he lost caste with many people who had former ly admired him. "When the woman from whom he had been divorced died some time later from an excruciatingly pain ful disease, he began to pay his debts. There are exceedingly few people who know that all the money which he could earn he gave to make her U£» kw erable.-r-New York Tribune. Fitted For the Post. Hotel Proprietor—Yes, I want a clerk at once. What do you know about ho tel keeping? Applicant—Know? See here! Unless you've got foMr or five years to spare for a little chat, ask me what I don't know. It'll take less time. What do I know about hotel keeping? Well, I should smile. I know it all—more than all. I could run 40 hotels and play 10 games of eheas blindfolded. Why, man, I used to be a commercial traveler.—New York POPIJLAB ELECTIONS. THE 8TEAOY GROWTH OF INTEREST IN STATE ELECTIOitC Uwom Th.it May 11* Drawn Prom the Ntn York State an it National Etaetlona—Tlu of Vbtera to Mag PHyvlatlol Groator In th« Conntrv. A comparison of the election returm at the end of the lart century, about the time of the adoption of the constitution of the United States, with the returns for the last presidential election, shows how widely the suffrage has extended in the United States. In Massachusetts, between 1773 and 1794, the proportion ol votes cast to the population varied from 2 to 5 per cent. In several counties of the state of New York there were cast at the election of 1892 almost one-third ai many votes as there were inhabitants. It is the habit of many people to tak it for granted that the earlier institu tions of the United States were more democratic than the present ones, and that tfce tendency of these times is tc put the political power in the hands of s few men and to take it away from th multitude. No such theory is borne out by the election returns. At one of the most hotly contested elections in Virgin ia. when Chief Justice Marshall's father was a candidate for membership in th« house of burgesses, or what would cor respond to assemblyman here, there was only one vote cast to e^ery 10 inhabit ants, a ratio smaller than that cast in any county in this state for a great many years. There was a property qualifica tion for electors in this contest, and it was frequently the case that the voting, instead of being by secret ballot, was viva voce. There were so few electors that they would all come together on election day, and their names would be called, every man naming his choice. With all the talk about the large vote of the city of New York and the power of its majorities to settle the result in the state, it is somewhat contradictory that the election figures should show that New York has the smallest ratio of Voters to inhabitants—less than half as large as the ratio in many of the rural counties. Brooklyn comes next and Buffalo third. Throughout the state it is general that the Democratic counties cast fewer votes to the number of their inhabitants than the Republican counties. In New York the number of inhabitants to each voter is 6.89, in Kings 3.95 and in Erie 5.06, while in Cortla jdt and Otsego the ratio is 3.11 to 1 3.16 in Yates, 3.35 in Gene see, 8.33 in Delaware, 3.35 in Allegany, 3.26 in Madison, 3.37 in Ontario, 3.22 in St. Lawrence. This shows a ratio twice as large in New York and almost twice as large in Brooklyn and Buffalo as in the rural counties. There are two main reasons to account for this. One is the difference in the election laws in the cities and in the counties, and the other is the difference in the character of the population. It cannot be a difference in politics, for Schoharie, one of the few rural Demo cratic counties, shows a ratio of 3.13, and Greene, another Democratic county, has a ratio of 8.88. The percentage of voters is lower in the cities than in the rural districts. The two counties of Schenec tady and Schoharie are Democratic and contiguous. Schoharie is a purely agri cultural county, while a great part of the population of Schenectady county is in Schenectady, which is a flourishing little city. Schenectady has 6,000 more population than Schoharie, but it casts several hundred fewer votes, and there is a difference of a third in their ration. One reason for the high ratios in New York, Brooklyn and Buffalo is the large number of aliens in those cities. The aliens count in the population, but they do not count in the number of voters. According to the state census New York's population is one-fourth alien, and the ratio in Buffalo is almost as high. Another thing is the difference in elec tion laws. In the cities a man has to go to the polling place twice to vote—once to register and once to cast his ballot. In the country he has to go only once and that time to vote. His name may be put on the registration list by his friends. A comparison of these returns with the election returns at the time of the Revo lutionary war and the adoption of the constitution shows that political inter est is increasing every year, and that the percentage of those who participate in elections is also increasing. In Massa chusetts toward the close of the last cen tury, when discussions respecting the federal constitution were going on and when there had been an actual rebellion in one part of the state, not over 6 per cent of the population voted, although the census of those days shows that about three times that percentage of men were entitled to vote. In New York state at the last election the census and registra tions lists were almost identical in many districts, and there were some districts where there were more votes cast thau the census showed of residents in the dis trict in the spring when the census was taken. It may be that to the rich men and men engrossed in the management of large business affairs politics and politi cal matters are not relatively so impor tant as they were when the United States began, but a comparison of the election returns shows that aside from the widen ing of the franchise the proportion of those who vote is greater in this state than ever before.—New Yor&Su-jp. Oiling Shears. i U your shears squeak or oma while you are using them, run your linger thoughtfully down the side of your nose and rub it over the inside of the blades, and the scissors will generally work as easily and noiselessly as any one could desire. There is always a little oil col lected in the corners on the outside of one's nostrils, and those who know it can "oil up" squeaky shears without trouble or without fear of making the scissors greasy. Another simple way to accomplish the same end is to. draw the blades of the shears over the hair, on which, when it is healthy, there i* 7, V /V V W Aa jUMtrk Klevatod B»nd la No misgivings n«Ned apply to the case of the new railway at Liverpool. In size and power, as well as in the ingenuity of its details, it surpasses the best American models. It extends along the quays of the great line of docks on the Mersey for nearly seven miles. Its carriages are of full size, not arranged like a tram car, but like the ordinary passenger car of the United States, each being in two compartments and capanle of seat in ."7 perrons. -nenth each car ia an electric motor of from 100 to 70 horsepower, and the speed will be as high an 80 miles an hour. The povor to work the trains, and with them the accessories of signals and light, is the name, and generated lrom a single point on the system. The wliole runs upon in -overhead railroad" or con tinuous bridge of iron. That is not, how ever. of the essence of an electric railway, though the lightness of electric rolling gear makes such an arrangement cheap and .suitable for the purpose.—London Spectator An Enjllih Boy's Knowledge of Literature. Everj* one who is not a schoolmaster is aware that c, ynp.g Englishman knows almost nothh'g of the literature of his own latj.l. a .'I what little he does know he dislikes. lecanse he has had at school to translate it into Latin. It is most hu miliating to hear an American youth discourse upon this matter while our own sons sit mum and glum. Efforts have been made of late to find out what our boys do read for their own pleasure, and the result of these inquiries seems to be that they read the accounts of prize fights. One headmaster tries to prove thai this is derived from the influence of Homer, but it is much more likely that it comes from a perusal of the sporting newspapers and the general devotion tH athletics. From whatever cause it arises, it is certainly true that while there is no deficiency of good poetry and good fic tion among us the rising generation caree lor neither. —London jitagfrafcad New* Condition or town eniaa. WASHINGTON-, Just think! 95 cents for a pair of ladies' Hue Oxfords, hand turn, at Reed & Shelso's. Second hand bicycle for saw. Li. C. ELWELL. •RBAKFAMT TEA. -A CHOICE- S. A. HASKELL, ^Successor to C.<p></p>FLOUR! Of Aug. Comptroller Eckels has given out an abstract report showing the condition of Iowa banks exclusive of Des Moines on July It last. It shows loans and discounts, f25.l97.783.96 stocks and securities^ $1,495,651.07 capital stock paid iu #13.915.OiX.' surplus fund, $2,045,173.78! average reserve hfld. 26 H3 n-*r cent. During the dog day season, the drain of nervious and vital energy may b# counteracted by the uae of Ayers Sarsaparilla. In purifying the blood, it acts as a superb corrective and tonic, and enables the system to defy malarial and' other climatic influences. TEA At C. A. KELLY'S. WHe also has a nice line of Canned Lobsters, Eels, Potted Meats, Etc. FLOUR, FKBO, OILM, *f. J. Button.} FEED Gasoline and Kerosene. HOTEL WORLD'S FAIR, CHICACO. HflTEl Calnmet Awnu and 20th Stroot. Fireproof 241 rouaia near Fair HV I w Ground* hath* n 'vcry floor. American anil Kuroj.can plans. to|3ad*y. Flnn-clas* liuuilj PMWinlir I hotel Write for circular. Notice State of l^outh Dakota, rounty of Prompt Clock Repairing. Luk*, e». Ia circuit court, eecnud judicial circuit. Charle* B. MayDard, plaintiff, v«. Maud 8. Maynard, defend ant. Notice to taka deposition*. To Mand 8. Marnard. the above named defendant. You will take notice that barlf# B. Maynard, the plain tiff in the above entitled action, w ill take the de* positions of *eo. Voaeand Ellen Seeer, at th€ office of Albert Voce, in the town of Pittffleld in Rutland county and xl&te of Vermont, by and be fore Albert Vofe, a notary public in and for said countv and emu, (or in case said notary cannot act, then before some other qualified notar* public) on Friday the irth day of August, commencing at the hour of 10 o'clock in the fore-' noon of that day that the taking of S"ld deposi tion e will be continued and arjourned from d*y lo day until fully tHken and completed, and that the deposition so taken will be read in uvideuce, npon the trial of the above entitled action on tlic part of the plaintiff. y J. H. WILLIAMSON, Attorney for Plaintiff. Notice. State of Dakota. Second judicial circuit In the circuit court within and for Lake county. J. H. Williamson, plaintiff, vs. Frederick T. Day, defendant. The state of South Dakota sends irreeting: To ihe above named defend ant: Yon are hereby sommoned and required to answer the complaint of J. 11. Williamson, plain tiff, which will be filed in th« office or the clerk of the circuit conrt, within and lor said Lake county, at Madison, 8outh Dakota, and serve a copy ol your answer on the sub scriber at his office in Madison, slate of South Dakota, within thirty days after the service of this summons, exclusive of tbe day of service, or the plaintiff will take judgment against ron for one hundred and fifteen dol ars with Interest at 7 per cent, per annum from Jttly 15 besides costs. Dated at Msdifon, 8. D., this 5th day of JtMM, J. H. WILLIAMSON, Plaintiff s Attorney. To Frederick T. Day, tbe above named de fendant: Take notice that the complain In tbe above entitled action and referred to In the above summons, was tiled in the office of tbe clerk ol the circuit court of Lake comity, statoof South Dakota. In the second judicial circuit thereof, id the city of Madison, said ty and state, OB the 5tb day of June 1W« 7 cobb- 4. 11. WILLIAMSON, Xm I'iftlnt.1 J- 7* KRAL BANKING, P. D. PITTS, President. W. A. MAOEAT, Caikler. A General Banking Busi ness Transacted. Foreign and Domestic Exchange Bought ana XSMTATIK. Collections a 8peciaJty. Safety Bepoait Vaults. Bteamship tickets by all lines to all Europe. peiateia 0rMoaejr lowed os real eetate tor Batten capitalist*. feRIHWPONRRlVTM: Chemical National liank. New York. Unton Trust Company, C'hicaeo. NationalBank of Commerce, Mtnneap OBI Vails National Bank, Sloez Falls A. B. Qlmore, FURNITURE. v PRICES Move the World. mi I have just received a few quarter sections of choice Improved Land that must be sold AT ONC«, at the old* time prices —only $10 per acre Which if? only one-half the real value to-day. Also, a few choice inside city lots, at prices that will surprise yon. 8&gT*Now is the time to catch on, and don't you forget it The early bird gets the worm, E. A. W. H0LDR1DGE. Real Estate Dealer, Madison, So. Dak. TIC BOOK HTOBR, Main Spring your Watch is liable to break at aiiy moment. For that or any other repairs, take your Timepiece to Mr. E. H. Beadle, who is in charge of this depart ment, lias been in their employ reven years, which is a sufficient guarantee ot his competency as a workman. The Book attention given to Watclv Jewelry SYNDICATE BLOCK M. E, Fotb, Vict President. Q. L. VCCALUMTBR, Aoaiatant CMhier FIRST NATIONAL BANK Capital and Surplus, $61,500. ibrhhis i Ill II and •BAT XABEBTi. Get tlu lest meat at i. I. IWS Meat Market, Oorner Egan avenue and Center Street. Convenient to the Motor Depot. CURED MEATS for summer use a specialty. CAMPERS SUPPLIED City Meat Market Keeps constantly on hand ft fall line of Fresh and Cured Moats, Fish, Fowl and Game, in season. GOETHFL & ^HUITC. HOTEL MADISON HOUSE, The Pioneer Hotel at the city. Proprietor. Rooms it whj furnished for the summer season. The wants and comforts of guests carefully studied— (IROCKRIM. FRANK 7" HAS Ope tied up a genera! supply of FJPSU GK0CKKIF8 DRIED FRUITS CANNED GOODS et» Jn C. E. Kelley's old stand, corner west of the Postoffice, and will deliver to all parts of the city. GIVE HIM A CALL.