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REAM TO PREACH.
YEARS OF STUDYING COVERED BY A THEOLOGICAL STUDENT. A MMttor*! Training Cntlly B*fJwi at Hh Mother's Knee, and It I* Generally Twenty Years Later When He Graduate* aa a Pull Fltdtfd Treacher* •You read the other day," said a prom inent clergyuian."of the commencement •xercises of Princeton theological semi nary and of the graduation of 54 stu dents. There was nothing about that to attract public attention, and very likely you did not ffet further into the article than the headlines. It meant 54 more young clergymen in the world, that was all. to most people. But to a man who has been through the training that has just ended for those boys it means a great deal more. I never read of a sem inary commencement without feeling thankful that «o many more students ftfcve pulled through safely 'There is not much general knowledge of the tabor required in the making of a €terpryman People conld easily find out if they chose to inquire, but it is some thing they do not stop to think of. A clergyman is supposed to be able to an mrer any Biblical question that may be aaked him. bat whero he gets all his technical knowledge nobody thinks of ••king He does not get it from reading the Scriptures, certainly. If you were to keep on reading Revelation till you understood it thoroughly, how old would I*o be when you finished? "No, don't ask me whether I think I Vtaderst&nd it now or we may drift Stray into a theological discussion which will be very unprofitable. What I start ed to Bay is something about the severe training that a man must go through be fore he can be graduated from a theolog ical seminary and so become a clergy nan Severe? It is more than severe, and you see it results in thousands of physically weak preachers all over the world. **The training of a clergyman really Itogins when he is a 6-year-old child at Mi mother's knee, for in nine cases out of ten the parents decide for him and decide early. But start with the boy when he has been graduated from a grammar school, because he will prob ably receive that much education in any case. whatever his business or profes rion is to be. He should then be in the neighborhood of 12 years old. He must now begin a special preparation for col a preparation that differs from the ordinary preparatory course of students not studying for the ministry. He must fire at least four years to a special study of Greek and Latin, and at the same fftme lay a good foundation in ancient history, English composition and litera ture and higher arithmetic and algebra. •*The boy then, at 16. is ready to enter •Ollege and take the usual four years' classical course. In the first year he ita-uggles with algebra, geometry, Latin, Qreek. English history and English lit erature. In the second year the same, with the addition of comparative physi ology. mechanics, analytical geometry, physics and rhetoric. In the third year be adds also chemistry, logic, German, political science and philosophy. The fourth collegiate year includes all of these studies and geology, consular and international law, French,ethics, astron «ny and botany liesides. "He is now, on leaving college, ready to enter a theological seminary, unless Indeed he proposes to go into the gen eral theological seminary of the Protes tant Episcopal church, in which case he is required to be able to read the Old Hestament in Hebrew and the New Tes tament in Greek before he can enter. After his eight years of Greek he should be ablu to read the New Testament in the original, but this does not always fellow. It often happens that a student who goes through his Greek lessons well enough in college finds on going into the seminary. where he must actually use the language, that he knows very little about it. "The course in the theological semi nar t-r v occupies three years—making 11 years' study in all after leaving the grammar school. The studies in the theological seminary are theology, church history. Old and New Testament languages, geography of Palestine, moral philosophy and sociology, with lectures on sermonizing and the duties of a min ister and practical examples in preach ing Hebrew is one of the sticking points, for it i9 positively necessary for theological student to read Hebrew al most as readily as he can English. It is grind, a terrible grind, thw long strug gle with Greek and Hebrew.. 'It is in the seminary, of course, that the student gets his theological training. Btill each denomination has its favorite college. Theological students frequently uccupy an unpleasant position through out their collegiate and seminary courses. 31m churches help them when they are not able to help themselves, and they loo often have the feeling of being in fart charity students. All of the col leges make a reduction in the tuition of candidates for the ministry. ••After graduation from the theological nnmary the student receives a profes sional certificate from the faculty, and he must then pass an examination before the classis or presbytery in whose juris diction he lives. Having passed this, he receives a license to preach. He then awaits a call (a most important matter, by the way—some clergymen are for ever awaiting a call), and when he re ceives it he undergoes another examina tion by he classis or prtaby tery in whose district he is to be placed. He is then ordained by the laying on of hands, and i being installed his new pulpit ti a fall fledged clergyman "[Joyoa wonder thataatan who hn* been throng!) it all stops to think when he reads of another class leaving the sem inary? The graduates are still boys, al though they now more ut the ways of the wurl I tha.i young freshmen. They still have mam' tuiugs to learn, and their real 1 work is only 1 I? "tk: v ro ut Tbty Warned the Vampire. To most people the word "vampire* only brings up visions of noxious South American swamps, whose banks teem with venomous creatures, legless and otherwise, nightly visited by myriads of large, leathery winged bats, which are reputed to have an insatiable taste for human blood. To the ancients it meant something far different. There was a time when all Europe believed the vam pire to le a blood sucking ghost of a de funct human being. The most celebrat ed of these blood chilling vampire stories is that of Arnold Paul. During life he had resided near Madnerga. Hungary. Within 30 days after his burial four per sons near the place of interment had died, each with the marks of a vampire (small bluish incisions in the throat). Another person had been awakened in the night and recognizing Paul's ghost in the room cried, "Avaunt, vampire! in Jesus' name!" whereupon the appari tion instantly vanished. When this story was told, the town prefects held a meeting and determined to open Paul's grave. This was accord ingly done. There was blood on the lips of the corpse, also upon his hands. The embassador of Louis XV, who was pres ent at the disinterment, declared the proof positive, and Arnold Paul's re mains were hoisted to the surface, burned to ashes, and the ashes scattered to the four winds. It is needless to add that Paul's vampire ceased to vex the good jwple of Madnerga.—St. Louis Repub- Tha GigsUof Habit. A serious aspect of the giggling habit is that it is so nearly incorrigible. Man nerisms of all kinds strike their roots deeply, but "he! her and "ha! ha!" be come part and parcel of the offenders against reason and taste. That which makes the listener nervous to irritabil ity, fretting the amiable into a desire to smother the meaningless cackle in the throat that gives it birth if he cannot es cape beyond hearing of it, is practiced involuntarily by the habitual laughter. Like the famous button on the learned advocate's coat with which he fumbled incessantly while pleading, the giggle would, if suddenly taken away, deprive its slave of the power of speech. To command gravely temperate articula tion would be to strike dumb. The origin of the obnoxious trick is of course in youth and inexperience, and almost always in native diffidence or temporary embarrassment. When the girl has no fitting words at call, she gig gles. WThen the lad is oppressed by a weight of bashfulness and would swag ger it off, he guffaws. In the tyro's opinion a laugh outdoes charity as a cloak for every defect and extricates him from the most trying position. Af fectation is an active ally in the evil work, and the ambition to be agreeable brings up the rear guard.—Marion Har land in Harper's Bazar. Mr. Lowell's Qu«*ti«a A few years before the death of James Russell Lowell he wrote a poem which he was to read upon a certain public oc casion. Naturally the newspapers de sired to secure the copy. Mr. H., who was then and is yet engaged upon a Bos ton daily newspaper, was detailed by his man aging editor to call upon Mr. Low ell and secure, if possible, the much de sired poem. After a great deal of im portunity from the newspaper man Mr. Lowell said: "Let me ask yon a question frankly, man to man, and if then you decide that I ought to give you the poem I promise you I will. If you knew I needed $200, you would not ask me to give it to you. I know that perfectly well. But that is just what you are asking me. I have a market for my poem in The Atlantic Monthly provided they have the oppor tunity of first publishing it. If it is first printed in the daily newspapers of this country, of course it is no use for a mag azine. Now, then, I tell you frankly, I do need the $200, and 1 ask you the question, Shall I give you the poem on your request, or sliall I keep it for the magazine?'' The newspaper man decided promptly, and the poet was not deprived of Ms $200.— Boston Herald. Where the Telegraph -New York Sun. Texas Siftines. In IfMt T?Hd. The four countries in the world which possess the smallest telegraph facilities are Peru, Paraguay. Uraguay and Per sia. In the first named there are only 86 telegraph offices in the whole country and but 1,600 miles of wire. In the ter ritory of Paraguay there are only 510 miles of wire in operation, and the entire telegraphic service of that country re quires the services of but 28 persons. One line of 360 miles, owned and oper ated by the government, runs from As uncion to Paso de Patria, the limit of Paraguayan territory, and the other 150 miles by. the railroad from Asuncion to Pirapo. Owing to high water and forest fires in that country the line is often inter rupted for a days at a time. At Paso de Patria the line breaks, there being no cable over the Alto Parana river, which is three miles wide. Communication is therefore by canoe, which takes mes sages over in the morning to the Argen tine side and returns to the Paraguayan side at night. An important telegram is often delayed 10 or 15 hours.—Hartford Couraut. She Liked the Old Kind Beat. It was down in a Chautauqua village that a gay young soldier had his sweet heart. Such a beauty she was too! It hapiened once that he sent her down from Buffalo a pot of cold cream to keep her cheeks as fresh as the budding rose. When he came down to visit her again, he asked how she liked his little gift. "The taste was very nice," she said, with rather a sickly smile, "but I think I like the other kind of cream beat."— Quips. A Considerate Man. Mr. Ohurnly—I hear yoi are going to marry a rich widow. Is there any truth In the rumor? Mr. Fewscads—Yes I am doing it out of consideration for my creditors, 1 haven't the heart to see them suffer.— •v v -Vrf-pi HEPROOF IN LOVE. Perain we art* nhnt out from light* Each of the other's look and smil«j| Because the arms' ami lips* chiigl Are past and dead a weary wl lie Secaim- the dawn that Joy hws brought Brings now tut evrta-int pain, Hotliing for you and me has bought The right to live our Uvea ta vain. Take not away the only lor# *R That leads me on my lonely way To know you noble, sweet and ptirej j, Great in least service day by day. •, Wive* and liautf kiwi. ifew a Saber Cot Feels. 4 "I hardly know how it feels to be shot, but I well realize how it feels t* be cut.' said Mr. O. D. Reeves of Indianapolis i! the Lindell. "I enlisted in a cavalry regiment when I was 16 and put in four years for Uncle Sam. Do yon see this scar? That was done at Nashville," and he held up his left hand, which was al most encircled by a deep scar. "The boys were ordered to charge, and I had emptied my pistols and had just drawn my saber when I saw bearing down upot me one of the largrs-t men I ever saw. "Our horses were both going at full speed. ii: he w.s headed directly for me. He htrtnehed his blow First, and I instinctively threw up my hand and lowered my head. The saber struck u hand, whit li fell helplessly by my sh:t The man lit v/ past me. and I turned my horse to one side and rode far enough away to examine my wound. No blood escaped, neither did I feel any pain until the wound was divssed a half hour late: The reaction set in. and the strongest opiates were used for days to givenje ri lief from pain.M—St. Louis Republic Tie Thumb. Thumbs have been appreciated evei since the world began. The ancient* used to call the thumb the other hand Barbarous kings used to swear and make compacts by their thumbs. In Rome it was a sign of favor to wring and kiss the thumb, and of disfavor or disgrace to lift them up or turn them outward. A man who was hurt in his thumbs was excused from serving in the Roman wars. Some of the scoundrelly citizens nsed to cut off their thumbs, so as to remain home and get rich. Teachers used to punish their pupils by biting their thumbs. The thumb is a great and influential member. I can look at the thumb of a young woman and describe her figure. 1 can tell whether she is thin and bony, or plump and round whether her joints are large and ill shapen, or small and perfectly proportioned. By examining a man's thumb I can tell what ought to be his vocation.—New York Tribune. It* Souk I* Like the Filing of a Saw. Of the Acadian owl, one of the rarest of New England birds, Audubon say9: "This little owl is known in Massachu setts by the name of the 'saw whet,' the sound of its love notes bearing a great resemblance to the noise produced by filing the teeth of a large saw. Thes* notes, when coming, as they frequently do, from the interior of a deep forest, produce a very peculiar effect on the traveler, who, not being aware of their real nature, expects as he advances on his route to meet with shelter under & sawmill at no great distance. Until I shot the bird in the act I had myself been more than once deceived in this manner." The ReitleH Man. Of all tiresome things a restless man to the worst. A restless woman cannot be gin to come np to a restless man. She gets physically tired out after awhile and must sit down. But a man—he can g$ on and on forever. In cafes, railroad trains, theaters—in fact, wherever men do congregate—there also is the restless man, driving every one distracted with his ceaseless tramp4 ing. He goes up, and he goes down, but he is never weary.—New York Herald. Public Debt Statement. WASHINGTON, Aug. 3.—The debt statement just issued shows a net it» crease in the public debt, iess cash in the treasury durinar July, of I4.264.073. JKWKLBY. AND Silverware -AT- GEO. COOK'S Watches and Clocks of «T6**y det acription. Repairing a SpecKlty. In Wood's clrng rLIT(ROITI». Everybody Call and see the Lounging Chairs which we tm tomers. giving to onr cash e«*» FlUffi FLITCEOFT. mass AKK HINDOO RIMKOY WiiDn KS THK AHoTI KKKCLTW In SO HAYS, N*rvu* liw«w. t'.vr*-' i- Si«* on*. imitation «EOtSTSKBD.l MADE A WBLL MA* Of Curt# Memory. *k. Sight y V 1 if..r to nhri Insist ca hp hits not got rga.n«, «tc. -au«M'.i~tsv im-t and !ut i-ui.-ir restore* Ual M«iih4w4 irt old or jrounif. Eosiiv tarried ia VMt purkct. l'ri i- Sl.ftO a pacta.*?* Hi* for wftB wrltu*n (Mrnalcf torare or mown Don't Ift any unprincipled ilru#(?li«t nil yon any kind Of having ISiHAPO—now other. W U,w« will M-ml it by mail upon r«*c?iptof bHw. In Mal«d envelop* rrt* AddrMB •RTNTAL H*4ImI n***, NIM IL SOLD bv O. J.Tweed & Co., Druggists, MAOI* SON. $ D.. aod other Leading Druggiu*. /&JL PEOPLE FIND That it is not wise to experiment with cheap compounds purporting to be bio ad-purifiers, but which have no real medicinal vaiue. To make use of any other than the old standard AYER'S Sarsaparilla—the Superior Blood-purifier —is simply to invite loss of time, money, and health. If you are afflicted with Scrofula, Catarrh, Rheumatism, Dyspepsia, Eczema, Running Sores, Tumors, or any other blood disease, be assured that It Pays to Use AYER'S Sarsaparilla, and AYER'S only. AYER'S Sarsaparilla can always be depended upon. It does not vary. It is always the same in quality, quantity, and effect. It is superior in combination, proiortion, appearance, and in all that goes to build up the system weakened by disease and pain. It searches out all impurities in the blood and ex pels them by the natural channels. AVER'S Sarsaparilla by Dr. J. 1. Ay**r & 'it.. Kowetl. MBM. Soli !*y all Druggittu. I'm** *1, wlr. bottU*», Cures others, will cure you W. L. DOUGLAS S3 SHOE noW*. D» joa wtar them? When next In need try a pifaif •est In tti® world. •500^^3.00 *2.80 •2.00 #2.00 #2.25 1.7$ 12.00 If you want a fine DRESS SHOE, mad# !n the latelt style*, don't pay $6 to $8, try my $3, $3.50, $4,00 tr $5 Shoe. They fit equal to custom made and loek adl wear ts well, If you wish to economize In your footwea^ do to by purchasing W. L. Douglas Shoes. Name ani price stamped on the bottom, lock for it when yoo buy W. I... DOUGLAS. Brvekton, MM*. Sold l|$ THE FAIR, PA LMKR & CAREY. Props BOOTH AJN1 KMOKM. BUY YOUtt Boots and Shoes OF JAS. BARRETT, icit. CHOICE CRYSTAL ICE. File your orders for the season of 1893 with Li FISHER ATTORNEY M. Jt. C.J.fmrm** FARMER & FARMER, ATTORNEYS COUNSELORS AT LAW OHcr over J.J. Fitzgerald** st«re. CONTRACTOR. PHIL. THOMAS, Contractor Builder. Plans and Specifications Finished whtn Require!. I)K(JV« C. H. WOOD, —DIALER IN— DRUGS and MEDICINES FlNt STATIONERY. Plash Goods, Album*, Pme Toilet ttoap Brushes, Combs. Toys, Fancy Goods, Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Cslsomoe Wall Paper, and a full line of Pi tent Medicines. HOICE PERFUMERIES. Prescriptions careful! v compounded da? or night. EOA AVKIMTR* MAI't*ON *TA WOOD'S PHOS PHODINU The Great Ea«IUh firmed?. Promptly and perra*n«al» cures all forms of Novo tap eak Mm «uion», 8p*r*r rrf*a, Iwtpotenciramd am AbuMOrJSxeeuet. ep'evt* of Been ears iu prescribed orer years in thoawuin* of W ttof onIn HtUabh and. Bon- Ta of ewer, If and. Bon- eM M' lUeiM hw». Ask |drulegist tor Wood's Pho#- n"JiinK it he offers nome MjtJOTS awUS AjttTm urorthlettfl jjMHlirltio toplftC# of this. till dJ*hon«*st store, inclose price to letter, and we will SHMt by return stall. Price, one !ackiisce. »1 (tlx, S&. Om- vie an?, *lr will cur*. Pamphlet in plain smled envefoI~ Addrefei THI. WOOD CIIKViICAJ, CO.. l.tl Woodward aveauts, Detroit. Ulclh \wHold in MfAhson by F. SitmJi, Wood, E. Woods k Co., O. Tweedf and druggists everywnere H: MADISON THE I v i I ITHF. OF SOUTH DAKOTA. MADISON —18 LIGHTED BY— ELECTRICITY. The Streets Illuminated by 12 Arc Lights The Most Complete Plant in the State. state ASSEMBLY GROUNDS At LAKE MADISON, three and one-half miles southeast of the city. Connected by Motor liltit A Large Nnmber of State Meetings are held at the Chautauqua Grounds every summer. $he Lake provided with the Steamer "City of Mad ison,'1 capable of carrying 150 persons. A Beautiful Sheet of Water, Eight Miles Long and Two Jvtiles Wide. Two and one-half miles west of the city surrounded by beautiful groves of natural timber. MADISON A Great EiMml Center The seat of the State Normal School. Value of Normal buildings, $55,000. The Normal School is now in ses sion, with over 250 students from various parts of the state in attendance. Excellent City Schools. New Central School build ing recently completed at a cost of $20,000. MADISON Is the home ol Nine Churches! Excellent Society. Stone and Brick Business Buildings lt» THE Freight and Passenger Division of the S. M. Div. of the C., M. & St. P. R'y running north and west. Fine Brick 10-S^ll Round House. MADISON Is a great Grain Market. Seven El evators, Flat House and Roller Mill. Lata* County has NEVER Experienced a Crop Failure. CITY PROPERTY And FARM LANDS can be purchased at reasonable prices. HOMESEEKES are cordially invited to settle this community. For additional particulars concerning the resources of this section, prices of City Property, Farm Lands, etc., etc., address GHAS. B. KENNEDY, Madison, South Dakota. V