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IiUP i-U:K. .U TIME.
HON FY 'AND REWARD TMOSC WHO LABOR THEN. T1*e SoMmi t* Now at I to Height, and Her* Art Ptw ObMirvntluni on Hop Culture mmS Harrent ami til* Dane*s That CHM After Mo ?|)«r. OP dances are about as impor tant a feature of the hop hsr.tsf time as tlio pick ing of the hope, and both are at their best just now. Did you evwr pick hops or go to a hop fiance? Then yon htve missed experi ences of which nothing can take the place. The work is hard, the hours are long in the field, but the fun when the work is over, and the field has been de serted for thoday, and the sun hits set, is fascinating enough to make it all up. At least that is what thousands of hop pickers think about it. Clear skies and pure air are essential to successful hop growing. The hop must be planted and tended with great care. From the beginning to the har vest and through the kiln to the market there is no cessation of anxiety. A hop field just ready for picking is one of the most beautiful spectacles that can be found any where, the vines greatly ex ceeding in grace the vines of the grape. As the golden wreaths of hops hang ripening in the warm sunshine or swing in the breeze in parachute shaped cano pies they lond a picturesqueness to the fields that canaot bo matched in the vineyards of either the old or the new world. Until a comparatively recent date mpst of the hops grown in North America were planted in the state of New York, although there were small areas devoted to hop culture in New Jersey. Michigan, Canada and Wiscon sin. More lately the Pacific coast has forged to the front as a hop producing region, and there are also now many fields of hops in Nebraska and Kansas. The hop district in England is circum scribed to the "wealds of Sussex and Kent." Beyond their employment as an ingredient of yeast and certain drug gists' preparations the two or three hundred millions of pounds of hops that are yearly produced on this terrestrial hall are devoted tonoother purpose than the brewing of beer, and it is whispered in some quarters that certain substitutes for hops have been used even by the brewers. The ripening of the hops must be fol lowed by speedy picking if the crop is to be saved in good order, and of course pickers are in great demand at the open ing of the season. The pickers'work in parties of four, usually at boxes divide so that each picker shall have a compart ment. To them the pullers bring the uprooted vines still twined about the poles. From he vines the pickers strip th« golden green balls,dropping them into the boxes for the "tenders" to inspect. The inspection is one of the moat important portions of the work, for as the pickers are paid by the quantity of hops picked there is naturally a tendency to mingli/ leaves and pieces of vine with the pick ing. Tally is kept of the number of boxes filled by each picker. After a box is full its contents arev "sacked" and taken to the kilns, where they are dried Nfor 14 hours and subjected to the bleach ing agency of the fumes of sulphur. St much for the work. Now for t!u play. In New York state and the east gener ally the workers are made up of "home pickers" and "foreign pickers." To the former hop picking is a period of hard work, considered only as such, and en dared solely for the money there is in it. To the "foreign picker," who, being away from home, is privileged to be a little more dashing in respect of personal con duct, hop harvest seems to be primarily a time of hilarity by night, with the working hours of the day thrown in as a necessary excuse for the picker's pres ence and the Support of that individual during tue timeu£ enjoyment. The army of •C r?/ iK V" Pi. V & "•4 •in 0 I IX THE HOPK1ELD. «f pickers is made up of men and boys •nd women and girls, 'ind a hearty, good ttaturwi. w reaming lot they are. They «re' many conditions in life. The ^-saleslady" from New York orUtica or %-racuse who takes l^ vacation in the lippfield. earning her way the while, works alongside the factory girl, and the heavy, brawny young countryman, and the jwile, spectacled, ftat chested young *udent who in earning money to help ttieet the *xpeuses of his next term at college, are mates. Whatever other qualities any of them jpmmem. here *he is likely to work hard #11 day. not only fur the money reward th*t is snre to follow, but because a »ost unmerciful guying i» the portion "•f every «w who shows in the hopfield 4»ny disputation to let the golden minute* 0f daylight slip by in loitering. Most of V •!/, i V.v. y .. Y their employers, and on large farm* ti*« "hoppers' boarding houses" are some times quite important structures, with scj«u:\".t" •,er!:jitor: for the men and women. On sm turns less care is takou with these |:octs. All, men and women alike, are expected to make their own us. The food in most eases is abundant and good and includes a lib eral allowance of pie. The tableware is not of the most delicato china, but ia usually chosen because of its solidity. Sometimes the plates and cups are of tin. But nobody minds that. Nobody goes hopping for style. Money and fun are what they are after, and the fun comes after supper. Then the dances, then the moonlight walks, then the drives about the country in buggies—all these for the young folks who are inclined somewhat to sentiment. For the men and boys who don't want to be bothered with the girls there are wrestling matches and stories and pipes, and some times a little hard cider for a change, but not often any disreputable proceedings. A hop dance is a social function that possesses its own forms of etiquette, al though these vary with the locality. Is it possible, by the way, that dances of another grade were first called "hops" because the terpsichorean festivities of hop harvesters are called "hop dances?"' Usually the hop dance is held in the barn. The floor is swept clean, and the fanning mill is set outside along with other agricultural implements that are usually stored there. The light is fur nished by kerosene lamps—sometimes by candles. Most of the girls attire themselves in white for the occasion. The young men used to wear their fine boots, to their great physical torture, when I was fa miliar with hop dances, although they were sometimes content with greased stogas. I do not know whether the fine boot habit still prevails among them or not, but it is likely that it has succumbed to the march of civilization together with bear's grease for the hair. The music used always to be brought from a fiddle. The instrument is now more often a mouth organ. Moneymusk is still a favorite dance, and so is the Virginia reel. In some places they waltz even ts do their fellow dancers at Newport and Bar Harbor. There is a certain awkwardness about the making up of the sets that is quite offset by the vigor of the dancing when everything is ready. If the music be that of the fiddle, the musician calls off the figures if a mouth organ, there is a special "caller," and in either case the 9) THE DANCE IN THE BARN. calls are apt to be pitched in the key of the music. I remember one old chap who used to fiddle for 50 cents a dance and sing his calls in a sort of improvised doggerel to the air he was sawing out on his fiddle. Another would keep up a running comment in a sort of nasal monotone which he would interrupt at the proper moment with the words of the calling: 'Step-right-along-there-Jim-Van-Bus kirk. Don't-get-on-the-lady's-dress. All sashay! Well-done, fust-rate-Robert* Johnson-you-are-keeping-step-A-l. La dies change!" And so on. In the meantime there would be such a lively swinging of partners at corners, such a cutting of pigeon wings at oppor tune moments and such eccentricities generally on the part of the ex^rta as greatly delighted all present, but would fill tl the breasts of the dancers at a fash ionable city assemblage with the most profound dismay. The hop dances of today do not greatly differ from those of other days, though I have heard of a series that was held in a mid New York state village in a rink this year where an earnest attempt was made to conform to urban ideals in dancing and etiquette. The result was interesting. Sometimes dudes from the towns invade the hop dance and try to monopolize the attention of all the pret tiest girls. When that happens, look out for storm. It won't do, however, to as sume that it is always the dudes who get the worst of it, although that is usu ally the result of a contest between them Mid pickers, owing in some measure pos sibly to the superior numbers of the packers, who generally stick by each other. With variations the hop pickers of the «ast and west and of merrie, merrie Eng land are alike. "Goin "oppin" they call tt in the tight little island, and the ranks of the 'oppers" are largely recruited from Loudon and other cities as they are from cities here. In the state of Wash ington Indians have done most of the picking till lately, when the Chinese be gan to take the places of the redskins. The hop picking Indians came from British Columbia and as far north as southern Alaska, crossing the straits of Fuca and the gulf of Oeorgia to get to the hopfields. In their way they fill the hours of night with merriment the same as the white pickers of the east, but when the Chinese pick hops by day they sleep and smoke by night. Chinese hop pickers are not popular save with the owners of the yards. Hop picking is a healthy employment, and many persons engage in it for a season or two simply as a recuperative measure. As manual labor goes it pays well, and there are probably in every hop raising neighborhood whole families who earn almost all the money they ex pend during the entire 12 months at hop LMTiMbU Diintlitf tfe* The Australian colonies are going through a crisis of a familiar kind— though in their ease it is rather excep tionally complicated and extensive. Their banks have taken a great «!.?«} more money to invest than they could place both safely and profitably. There has con:e a pinch and in di:e course such a succession of bankruptcies as con stitutes "a. crisis." In their case the pinch has been produced by the collapse of what—in the new slang of commerce —is called a "boom" in land. These things are to the sjectator no more in telligible than a dancing mania or any other form of nervous excilem^i.t car ried to and for a space just a little over the border of madness. To the average pf raon in possession of a moderate amount of common sense who merely looks on "a boom" appears to be a phenomenon of much the 6aine nature as those outbreaks of religious insanity which are occasionally heard of in Russia or Spain—paroxysms of lunacy in which whole villages strip off their clothes and caper about the countryside singing hymns or throw their children into fires in order to purify them from original sin. It seems so obvious that a great many cannot make a very high profit where it has been made for a short time by a few. The ond of "booms" is so inevitable and has Ijeen shown by so long and so unvarying an experience that it appears incredible there should exist people who can still rush blindly into them. To this of course the answer is that experience has no effect on human folly, whether it is of the silly order which cannot learn or of the cunning order which thinks it can profit by tho weakness of others.— London Saturday Review. A Full Hide or No Far*. Art Important case affecting of piss ngers on street railways has inst oeen uecided by the practical aamis:- on of the counsel for the defendants in the case of Harry Sloan against the Balti more Traction company that the claim of the plaintiff wa3 a just one. Mr. Sloan on the night of Dec. 31 last board ed a cable car going east. The weather was inclement, and ilr. Sloan was ill. He tendered his fare to the conductor, the n:e::ey was received, and tho4 f,.re rung up* The car proceeded bnt a short distance when s-omething happened in tho cable, and the car stopped. Mr. SI an waited for some time. Tho car didn't start, and ho asked the conductor to re turn him his fare. This tho conductor refused to do, savin- that .s it had been rung up it would e impossible for him to do fo without losing it himself. Final ly Mr. Sloan got out and we.Iked to Irs home. He brought suit before Magis trate S. J. Clark and was awarded £5 damages and costs. Tho traction com pany appealed the ca^e to the city court When it came up for hearing, how ever, the counsel for the company had the case dismissed, paying the costs, as well as the amount of the magistrate's judgment.—Ealtimoro American. in a store at Athens, Ga., stands an Old fashioned clock that was made in Liverpool. It hasn't missed a tick for 40 years. v".v\er'$ PUIs 2? 1 with the vii»w :\it usefulness amliu'.aptnhUify. sire 'copiposed of the piuet, e.g'.'Uibl? aperients. Their dei!r*nlo •vipir-coating, which readily dis solves in the stomach, preserves Liic-ir full medicinal value and makes tiiem easy to take, either by old-or young. For constipation, dyspep sia, biliousness, sick headache, Uid the common derangements of the Stomach, i.iverf and Are the Best Unlike other cathartics, the efTect of Ayer's Pills is to icine, strengthen the excretory organs and restore to them their regular and natural ac tion. Doctors everywhere prescril§ them. Iii spite of immense compe tition, they have always maintaiin-d their popularity as a family med being in greater demand now than ever before. They are put up both in vials and boxes, and whether for home use or travel, Ayer's Pills are preferable to any other. Have you ever tried them? Ayer's Pills Pr# pn: Dr. 3 Ayer It Co., Lowell, Ma*«. 8ld by all Druggists. Every Dose Effective COMPOUND AiweptdSeoowy by tm nla gtoydleiyfc BytemifuBv ttmd ered. Bewmreof iraprbtetpied draggtoUi wjjo offer terafpr iota— to piooapC tfal*. Auk tor Cook's Corffi rCOBTOvSlit taiinomdmHtwb,orlacloaetland ite to poirtM* totter, M4w* will «m(L partteuiars In No. 8 iUblrBtock, 1* trull. iUob. UrSeM Madison by F. C. Nrmth druggist Woods & Co., O. Tweed and E. Wood every wnere. (THADK MAMS MCGtSTSKSKJ mm tit oiuur HINDOO RKMgDY r*om:*Hs THE ABOVK __ msnri/ra i» S» »AV«, Orm NVr km is WjfOiUMM, FaUfnir Mi.enorv !»r*»i», Kifhtly KmiV viicur lu shrunken «r|*M,«tc. .... .. (ja&jrwi la vaHi cai««rtifivc* by punt abutw «0*i s and quickly Out wureiyrwifcr** (u» ________ K«ATZ, Iteglatet. 11111 ""f l'" 7 Notice. Mind Ofltca Mitchell. Sotrth D«kou, Aug*at SB, !«W, Notice in her« l»v that Hi# tot lev in* warned *ett!erh»» Mlc-d notice "f his iuteurlon to make final proof fn cupiorl of bin vlatin and that *»i(l proof will be mad* the clrrk Of the Mrcnft cotirt, in and for Lake coonty,S. i» ht Mad!»t»n, », !)., on October 14th, via.: John W. Hurry, fur the northen'et unart«*r of flection 1", fownahip 105, N., range 5S,W. 17. fownahip 105, N., range 5S, \\\. 5th p. (T Wj He nnn»! the IoIIowIdk'wit ne»»o« to prove In# conttnuoim recidence upou and cultivation of i»id land, viz.: OeorveWahhev Henry Stoncfleid Albert Stonefleld nui neriiJ Peteraou, all of jladiaoo P. O., H. K. No. 14!l6!ij Notice. So,,lh DHlcotft Augnat A ISS'S. Notice hereby ven that the follow Inir named aettler has died notice et her inten tion to make final proof in support of her claim and that eald proof will he made before the clerk ol the circuit conrt, in and lor Lake conntv 8 D.,on October It, 1H!«, viz: M*riah ISarton! widow of Smith Barton, decea»el, lor the Kk •ecuo. 17 tawB.blp lot, range -W, (H. E.N* «,»«).) Hhe uamen the following wltneascH to prove her continaoas residence apon and culti vation of, said land, viz: Joaeph Creea, of Ka- Oliver, Hdgar Lanehlln and U. U. nil, of Xfariisgiij S. L, R. u.E '1 EATZ, KeKUter. Land office at Mitchell, 8. D., Angust 98,1898. Notice Is hereby given that the following named settler ha^tiied notice of hi® Intention to make final proof In sopport of hia claim, and tnat »aid proof will be made before the clerk of the circuit court, and for Lake county, S. D., at Madi«on, 8. D., on October 7, 1HIW, viz: Wm. Carrott, for the Bection 1, township 108 n ranee r4 w. 5th p. m. (II. E. 29,415.) u« names the following: witnesses to provs his continnous residence upon and cultivation of, .aid land, viz: Oeorge o ?i?th5w*y *u1 r!o Kotice to* Creditor*. In the county court of the conntv of Lake. State of South Dakota. In the matter of the es tate of Abner D. Hadfleld, deceased. Notice is herehy given by the undersiunert, C. .J Button administrator or the estate ol Abuer D. II ad field! deceased, to the creditors nf, and all persons ciainiB the PAid deceased, to ex htbit them with the necessary vouchers, within four mouths after the fir^t publication of this notice, to the said C. J. liutton. administrator, at his place of business, in the city of Madisou In the county of Lake, South Dakota. Dated at Madison, S. I., rtOjtnsi 18. ltm ., o. j. button Administrator of the Estate qI D, Bad- *_ Notice. State of South Dakota, Second judicial circuit. In the circint court within and for Lake couu'„y. J. H. Williamson, plaintiff, vs. Frederick T. Day, defendant. The state of Sooth Dakota sends greeting: To the above named defend ant: Yon are hereby summoned and required to answer the complaint of J. II. Williamson, plaio tiH, which will be filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit conrt, within and lor said Lake county, at Madison, Sou-.h Dakota, and •erve a copy ol your answer on the sub scriber at his office in Madison, state of south Dakota, within thirty davs after the •ervice of this summons, exclusive of the day or service, or the plaintiff will take judument against you for one huodred and fifteen dollars IVt|1J\nt«re«,t percent, per auunm from July lo, lMt, besides costs. l)«teii at Madison, S. D.. this 5th day of June, W Bowel* aiso, to check colds and levers, Ayer's Pills J. fa. WILLIAMSON, Plaintiff's Attorney. To Frederick T. Day, the above named de fendant: Take notice that the complairt in the above entitled action and referred to in the above summons, was filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit conrt of Lake county, state of South Dakota, in the second judicial circuit thereof, in the city of Madison, *afd conn, ty and state, ou the5th day of June, 1893. v J. H. WILLIAMSON, Attorney for Piaint'ff. Notice. twistf ©Wee fit Mitchell, s, D.. Anim^t 2 1OT3 Notice is hereby jjiven that the follp-*iujf-named sett er has filed notice of her intention to make final prmif in sriptH.rt of her claim, and that said proof will he made before the e'erk of the circuit court, in and for Lake comity, at Madison south Dakota, on September lfi, lwni iz: Christie A. MctiUlivray. lor the northwest quarter section 81, township lOfi noith ran ye TA west. (T. C. E. 14Vt»). she names the lollowinc witnesses to prove ber continuous residence upon and cultivation of, said land, via 'JU J°hr*to3, J. D. McLoud and Dean MeKae, all of Winfred P. O.. s. D. it- N. KltATZ, Heeisttr. Summons. State of South Dakota County of Lake. In Circuit Court, Second Jud rial Circuit. Gabriel V\. Becker, Plaintiff, against Charles Weil and Jacob l'reyfus, partners, dointr business under Ihe firm name of Weil, Drev fns & Co .Defendants, "he StaU* of ^out Dakotn greetinc. To the above named defendant*: You are hereby summoned au«i required to answerthe complaint of Uabriei W. Becker, plaintiff, which was filed in the office of the Clerk of the Circuit onrt and tor Luke county, state of South Dakota, on the 4th day of September, A. I). 1«KS, and to serve a copy of your an«wer on the subscribers, at their office in the city of Madison, Lake county, South Dakota, within thirty days after the service of this summons upon vou, exclusive of the day of service, or toe plaintiff will take jndtrment against von for the stim of Ten Thousand Four Hundred Dollars, with interest from date hereof, besides crsts. Dated at Madison. Lake County. South Dakota, this 4th day of September. A. D. it?*?' D- D- HOLDHIDO& «fc SON. Plaintiff i Attorneys, Madison, Lake county, 8.D. Mort^aee Sale. #3.90 madeawsu OF ut surely r« Mtawttnod In *1,1 «r young Riwil jNX'kfl. #1,041 a pftck&lff Si* writtrnrueniiUi l® fmmor mouttf any n iprJrK-ti»i«-l amggtol n»• yrm imitation. Insist on haTlM III HA tM hfMS ti'fl f( i!.w- Will K.-H.1 It !,y mn.il upon price. 1'smjitil' in •eaSed envelope fr** ilri«-»tai Mr4l««l C*, flrmmtM PlMr, Ottm$•» Bk v Default Laa been made in the conditions ol a 5?. irtK^£S conta,IlinK-power of sale dated April 2nd, 18S8, and recorded on the 3rd day of Mav, lrt*, in the office of the Register of Deeds of Lake county, Territory of uakota, now State of South Dakota, in book "I"" Qf mortgage*, page 15H, whereby William B. Wood and Emma E. Wood his wife, mortKajrors, mortgaged to Ueo. H. Brace, mortgatfee, the west half of the west half of the southeast quarter of section 7, township K*i, KatU'e 54. in said Lake county, S. D.. by which default the power of sale has became oper ative, and no net ion or proceeding at law has been instituted to recover the debt secured there by or any part thereof. The amount claimed tot be due on said mortgage at the date hereof is besides the sum of $50 attorney's fea stipulated for in said mortgage Now notice ia hereby given that by virtue of said power, saut mortgage will be foreclosed, and said premise* sold at auction by the sheriff of said county, oip hs deputy, on Monday, the 23rd day of October IH!W, at lo o'clock a. ro., at the Iront door of Urn court bouse in Madison, K. D., to pay said debt, attorney's fees and disbursements allowed bjf law. Dated Stoux Falla, S. D., September 8th, O. H. BRACE Mortgagee. Paul 8. Kkowlm, Attorney for Mortuagee. HOTfSI.. WORLD'S FAIR, CHICAGO. HOTEL- Calum- A^^nnor.nd Xithflt.' t. Firepn r.x.r.is nnar Grounds, hufh* u ever? American aiui Pur n a ujhA Awm Anicr»(',u) Riiu SANCRO^T Do ym wtw them? Wiieti next In Med fey ,iir W. L. DOUGLAS S3 8HOE aoVWs. •est In the world. 43.00 44.00 •2.50 #2.00 12.28 11.75 |9 00 ro,t B0Yft 41.75 If yon want %tm MESS SHOE, made In the latest ftyles, don't pay $6 to $8, try my $3, $3.50,$4.00or $5 Shoe, Thw ft equal to cuitom made and look tad wear as well, IfyoBwIshtoiconomizelnyotirfbotweaf, do to by porchulng W. L, Ootigfas Shoes. Name a«l price stamped tm tho bottom, look for it when you buy W. I~ DOOOIiAl, Brecktoa, Mass. Sold Mfi THE FAIR, ^LMiSlUCABEJuKropa' X- ... V MADISON Hi A of Ka- mona, and C.|H. Brown, ol Oldham, s. D. K. N. KltATZ, R«KiBt«r. the b'A" v N A OF SOUTH DAKOTA. A Large Number of State Meetings are held at the Chautauqua Grounds every summer. I*AKK MADISON, three and one*half miles southeast of the city. Connected by Motor line 1«» THE Freight and Passenger Division of the S. M. Div. of the C., M. & St. P. R'y running north and west. Fine Brick IO-S13II Round Ho"se, MATvrsmsr Is a great Grain Market. Seven El evators, Flat House and Roller Mill. Lake County has NEVER Experienced a Crop Failure. CITY PROPERTY And FARM LANDS can be purchased at reasonable prices. HOMESEEK.ES are cordially invited to settle in this community. For additional particulars concerning the resources of this section, prices of City Property, Farm Lands, etc., etc., address r/v i •TIHKjMkia^a —IS LlQHTID BT— llLAl/iOxJiN ELECTRICITY. The Streets Illuminated by 12 Arc Lights The Most Complete Plant in the State. State Chautauqua ASSEMBLY GROUNDS) The Lafe provided with the Steamer "City of Mad ison," capable of carrying 150 persons. i A Beautiful Sheet of "Water, Eight Miles Long and Two Miles "Wide. Two and one-half miles west of the city surrounded by beautiful groves of natural timber. MADISON A Great Ictiiaf Center! The seat of the State Normal School. Value of Normal buildings, $55,060. The Normal School is now in ses sion, with over 250 students from Yarious parte of the state in attendance. Excellent City Schools. New Central School build ing recently completed at a cost of $20,000. MADISON Is the home ol Nine Churches! Excellent Society. Stone and Brick Business Buildings CPS, B. KENNEDY Madison South Dakota. i V K Yf 11 re fo nr re: of tO CO Oil k 11 Ml te.» in* •MS 11)1 wi trt tlu iilj the IV] tiu3 tiv lav, tioi Vn vi si the V:e IS fc.ad tha' nrj toxq 11m W gen Itep It j) age rt-qi v«iu valu 1 ay bt'tv vain that Vfiln u v 1 t'c cc "1 hi. 1 tu i: tii.ul •'Xv 'act ii cii'cu crt-at with valM con si a It-i want board spent vath •ij'-y,. nt rj •"•t mana