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format Opening of the Trial on the Omnibus Indictments Against Debs at al. THE MANAGERS' ASSOCIATION The Only Conspirators the At torneys For the •». Know About. CHICAQO« Jan. 88.—The formal open ing of the Debs conspiracy trial in the United States circuit court took place vrhen the 12 jurors selected were sworn. Three more defendants put in appear ance, making 19 of the 38 left on the omnibus indictment who are on trial. Judge Grosscup announced that after the opening speech for the defense, the counsel for the defendants might show to the jury wherein their clients dif fered from the positions of the leaders. Thomas C. Miiehrist, one of the special i ounsel for the government, opened the argument. The Charges. He said that the directors of the Amer ican Railway Union were charged, with others, with conspiring to obstruct and retard the passage of the United States mail. He insisted that counsel was not defending or representing any of the railroads, but the government. He then proceeded to review the indictment as it *et forth the particular overt acts alleged by the government to have been the re sult and consequence of the conspiracy. He began with the throwing of a switch at Blue Island cm June 90, by M. E. Ervine. Mr. Milchaist proceeded with hia re view of the indictment, claiming that the government would prove that a oon piracy existed between the officers of the American Railway Union. General Managers th* ConsplMteffc Mr Darrow followed for the defense. He disclaimed any conspiracy in the acts of the officers of the A. R. U. or with the conduct of any of their follow ers. The strike, he said, was a protest of the railroad employes against the Pullman Car company's treatment of Its employes. He alleged that if any conspiracy hail been committed it waa by the General Managers' aasocion. The government, he said, was being used as a cloak by the tJeneral Managers' associ ation, the only body of men in the world that sympathizes with Mr. Pull man. He added that if the government did not call the members of the General Managers' association, the defense would, and file conspiracy would then be shown. Opposed to the Strike. Mr Harper, for John J. Hannahan, said his client was an officer of the fire men's organization, and had, under the instructions of his superior officer, de clined to take part in the strike, and his overt act as alleged by the indictment was to call out some men on the Fort Wayne road. The facts were that the firemen were opposed to the American Railway union, and as great animosity? existed between the two organizations as between the strikers and railroads, and Mr. Hannahan'a conduct waa out of regard for the lives of the two men whom he dissuaded from running an en gine into the camp of the strikers. Mr. Gee ting insisted that there waa no conspiracy between his clients and the officers of the Ameriban Railway Union, and he read several of Debs' telegrams cautioning the men not to in terfere with mail trains. The other counsel said they would re serve their addresses to the jury until after the government had submitted its testimony. Admission to the court is restricted to the holder of tickets issued by the clerk of the court. DENIED THE INJUNCTION. iMtim MeMelll Can Cut Wa|w of Rail way Employe*. PORTLAND, Or., Jan. 28. United States District Judge Bellinger rendered a decision in the Oregon Railway and Navigation company wage schedule case, denying the application of the em ployes for an injunction restraining Re ceiver McNeill from putting into effect a reduction of wages. THE VEST SUBSTITUTE. of Hon -Interference ta Hawatfa Af fair* K adorned by the Senate. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.—The Vest sub stitute on the Hawaiian question, en dorsing the course of the administra tion, and advising non-interference was adopted in the senate, 24 to 22. Helps the DOUQCE, la., Jan. 28.—The mond and Swift packing companies, in competing for business here, have re duced dressed beef to 5 cents all around. Former prices were 6 and 6£ ennts. 'Another I»o*toffloe Clerk la Trouble. pp FRANCISCO, Jan. 28.—A defalca tion has been discovered in the post office. Postmaster McCoppin became suspicions that all was not right in the newspaper department, and he employed an expert to examine the books. The result was the discovery that M. Mitch ell, the s^xrantant, was short a consid erable amount. The deficit is curtaiuly 1800, and may reach considerably more. SEVEN WERE KILLED. Bulldta* of a Urewery Plant WiiSHi il by a Boiler Kzplmtaa. ME5IXTA, Ills., Jan. 28.—At S o'clock p. m. the main building' of Henning's brewery In this city was wrecked by a boiler explosion, the concussion being so great that every building in the city was badly shaken. The building destroyed was Ave stories and filled with ma chinery. The force of the explosion completely demolished it, killing six men and badly injuring seven other*. The killed are: C. SEIKKRT. foreman. DAVID WELLS, liremai, DAVID GHEEK, enginedlk LEMUEL 1)E SHASO, iceman, HENRY PERT, laborer. JOHN KENNEDY, a well borer et Dekalb ADAM BRESSHKAD. Believed Mora Are la the R(I!M»' Four Chicago men who were injured and Kennedy of Dekalb had but lately come here and were engaged in sinking a well near the building. Up to a late hour no more bodies had been found in the debris and a blinding snow storm al mo stopped work but it is thought more men are buried under tons of brick and beams. The loss of property amounts to $100,000 and a large ntun bi of men are thrown out of employ ment. The explosion had an upward ten dency, lifting the bnilding, and then everything fell into a huge hearth in the center of the inclosure. All was ex citement and Many Were Driven Frantic with the thought that husband, father or son might be beneath the ruins. Women, bareheaded and wild with fear, braved the wind and cutting snow that some tidings of the injured might be learned. In the excitement a number of citizens received injuries in removing beams and lumber. Never before has this city suffered such a blow, and many are the conjectures as to the number of dead at the bottom of the great heap of brick and mortar and broken machinery. The work of removing the ruins is pro gressing slowly, and it will be a day or more before the list of dead will be com plete. FEBRUARY WEATHER. What May lie Expected If It la aa AvMage Month. 8T. PAUL, Jan. 28.—Official data fur nished by the local weather bureau on the weather of the past 24 years, for February, show that some cold weather may be expected in St. Paul next month. For the period indicated the mean temperature at St.Paul has been 10 deg. The warmest month was that of 1877, with an average of 32 deg. the coldest that of 1875, with an average of 7 deg. The highest temperature was B9 deg., on the 24th, 1880. The lowest was deg. below on the Slth, 1888. The average precipitation for the month is 0.93 inches. The greatest amount of snowfall recorded in any 24 consecutive hours, record extending to the winter of 1884-5, was 10.9 inches, on the 27th, 189:5. Average number of clear days, 8 partly cloudy days, U cloudy days, 9. The prevailing winds have been from the southeast. The highest velocity of the wind wa* 42 miles, from the west, on the 21bt, 1870. WJN'8 TRADE REVIEW. Events of tl WIM-U DiMaatroai to Bttstues* off th«* Country. NEW YORK, Jan. 28.—R. G. Dun & Co.'s Weekly Review of Trade says: Events have not helped business this week. The gold reserve has been re duced to about $58,000,000. Since Dec, 8, the trasury has lost in 89 working days about $53,000,000 gold and daily in creasing distrust is liable to affect mar kets unfavorably. Industries have not yet found sufficient demand for their products to prevent further declines in prices, and this week the average for all commodities has again touched the low est price ever known. The number of hands employed does not increase and a strike has cut off for more than a week about half the business of Brooklyn, to some extent affecting trade here. Barges Broke Away. SANDY HOOK, Jan. 28.—At 1:30 a. m. during a heavy southeast gale and fog, when about 7 miles off Long Branch, the coal barges Eaopus and Fisher parted the hawser connecting them to the big Ice King. They were coming from Philadelphia with a cargo of coal. Both barges were shortly lost sight of. Five men arts on each barge. Implicated in a Robbery. HM ANGELES, Cal., Jan. 28.—8, B. Barnes has been arrested for complicity in the Outiirio bank robbery four weeks ago. Barnes was at a hotel and the ar resting officer recovered #2,000, Barnes share of the plunder. He claims to be a cousin of the Vanderbilts and says his father is in business in Austin, Tex. Dolph IxNieft Two Votes. SALEM, Or., Jan. 28.—In the ballot for senatOT Senator Dolph lost two votes. The ballot stood: Dolph, 42. Moore, 16 3 tare, 10 Herman, 10 Ben nett, 8 William*, 9 Lord, i scatter ing, *. Feared Six May Perish. GLOUCUHTEU, Mass., Jan. 88.—-The schooner Leader of this port is ashore on the reef off Norman's "Woe, at the en trance to the harbor. Four erf her crew of 11 men have reached the shore. It is feared the vessel cannot long withstand the storm and that .Urn mm ibpsd may perish on her. A. TO PREVENT A WAR Cresham Advises Arbitration Between Mexico arid' Guatemala. FORMER INCLINED TO ACCEPT. Preparations for War, How ever, Continue With Activity. Crrr OF MEXICO, Jan. 28.—The United States has undertaken to play the part of peacemaker between Mexico and Guatemala to prevent war, if possible. A telegram has been received here from Secretary Gresham expressing the hope that Guatemala and Mexico will agree between themselves upon some method of settling the dispute over., the lound ary, but that if this should not be pos sible the United States trusted the two countries would agree to submit their differences to the arbitration of some friendly nation. This communication from a nation with which Mexioo en joys such intimate and friendly rela tions has caused a profound impression upon the government and undoubtedly accounts, in part at least, for the de cision of the minister of foreign affairs to withhold for five or six days, at least, the ultimatum which it was to dispatch in much less time in answer to the note from Guatemala just received. It is said the president of the United States made sure his appeal would be received in a good spirit before sending it by first communicating in an unofficial manner with Minister Romero at Wash ington. That the situation here has been re garded as critical is evidenced by the fact that in the Mexican arsenal at the citadel there are being manufactured from 40,000 to 50,000 Remington cart ridges by orders from the war depart ment. They are also engaged day and night upon other work, in order that all the artillery shall be completely ready at a moment's notice with full donation of all kinds of ammunition. CAUSE OF THE DISPUFTT. DHforeaee* Betweea Mexioo aw mala Outlined. SAN FBANCISCO, Jan. 28. -The land involved in the dispute between Mexico and Guatemala is covered for the most part with dense forests of precious woods. Mexican choppers from the North and Guatemalan choppers from the South have clashed in the heart of the forest that fringes the banks of the rivers Usumacinto and Lacantun and their tributaries, and this has precipitated the conflict. The controversy rests on the question whether the Lacantun or one of the forks of the Usumacinto constitutes the boundary between the Mexican state of Chiapas and Guatemala. The old traditional boundary was the Lac antun, but according to the treaty of 1882, the boundary was poshed to the eastward. The Guatemalans do not now accept the Usumacinto aa the boundary and companies declining to acknowledge the title of the little repub lic to the territory have recently in vaded these regions on the left bank of the Lacantun. Tnrraco Wouldn't Quit. Don Miguel Turruco hasona cf the largest concessions. In June, 1892, the Guatemalan authorities ordered him to cease exploring the forests. As he de nied the authority of Guatemala, a com pany of soldiers was sent to enforce the order, and to capture the chief offenders. Other complications of the same sort followed, Mexico declining to allow the holders of Guatemalan concessions to strip the forests. An American engineer, Miles Rode, was sent out to survey the boundary. He ran a line through the forests still further west than the Lacantun, and included as Guatemalan territory the country of precious woods, in which complications had arisen. Ac cording to Guatemalan claims the lands under dispute have been Guatemalan territory for over 50 years. The Guate malans claim Mexico's desire to extend her territory is the cauae of thecompli cations. GRAY GOES BACK. Vacation of the Minister to Mexico Brought to an End., WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.—Isaac P. Gray, United States minister to Mexico, who has been on leave of absence in this country for six weeks, will leave for his post at the City of Mexico on Monday He has been in consultation with Secre tary Gresham, and is acquainted with his wishes in the matter of bringing about a friendly and peaceable settle ment of the boundary dispute between Mexico and Guatemala, and if the ajv peal of President Cleveland is favorably entertained, Mr. Gray will probably co operate with United States Ministei Pierce Young, in Guatemala, in the effort to arrange a basis of settlement of thetnmfcfe. GRAND RAPIDS, Mich., Jan. -S. —The blizzard from the northeast struck this city afrrundown. Six to eight indies of snuw has fallen and is badly drifted. Trains are late on all roads and street traffic waa abandoned at 10^0. **'1 I' MADISON, SOUTH DAKOTA, MONDAY, JANUARY 28,1895. PRICE FIVE CENTS. mtm WA5HBUKN IS WARM. w a Hot Interview to a KeplMMftta i tivt of a Mlnneapoll* Paper. AtSsr UKHJH, Jan. 28.—Senator W. I. "Wadi burn consented to talk co a repewientative of a local paper about the recent natorial contest, the cause of his and the future of the Re* pttbllcai' jnrty of Minnesota. Mr. Washburn has reached the point where he can speak very calm ly of the method* used in his defeat, but his indigna tion has not yet cooled. "To begin with** he said, "my can didacy for re-elec tion to the senate A HBURJ*. was not a personal I had no particular desire for on, but I believed it was the de- the people of Minnesota that I serve for another term." Treachery Charged. The monitor goes on to state that Gov ernor Nelson, Lieutenant jpovernor dough and William R. Merriam re peatedlytold him that they wished to see him r-elected and he therefore ex pected no opposition. Later he says, the very&H'tt who promised him support worS»d actively against him. The scttiator says the Chicago board of trade* furnished money to aid in his de feat «uit the state patronage was also used jpgainst him. Regarding tho effect of the election on. t&e Republican party of the state, Mr. WaBhburn says: "Ifcwttl create the greatest upheaval ever Ifeeti. The people will not counte nance finch methods. I look to see the Republican party rise in its strength and ftSerly wipe out every politician who has been in any way ooauected with this unsavory case." TO CORROBORATE BLIXT. Another WIIIMM In the Giag Mnrder Discovered. MINNEAPOLIS, Jan. 28.—The excite ment ever the Hayward trial grows in stead of diminishing, and as the jury box gradually fills up the public has plenty of rumors to be run to earth in connection with the murder case. Friq&y there was a well defined rumor in circulation that a conductor on the Bryn Mawr car line had been under ar rest for two days, charged with com plicity In the murder. While such was not case, inquiry developed of news, for it waa learneil that lab of the oonductors on that hue had been subpoenaed two days ago attend as a witness at the trial. His name could not be learned, but it is stated that he was running a car at the time of the murder, and that he could identify Claus Blixt as the man who had been a passenger on his car at about the time Blixt .stated in his confession that he took a car after the murder and rode into the city. This called forth the rumor that the man had boon ar rested. Qificta to the Jmroe. County Attorney Nye is dissatisfied with the first juror selected, Ira Newel. An affidavit*was produced stating that Newel had been heard to express him self its opposed to capital punishment. By some oversight the county attor ney had failed to question the juror on this point at the time of his selection. The matter was warmly taken up by Attorney Brwin, and Newel denied that he waa opposed to capital punishment. He had changed his mind. LYNCHING OF SCOTT. Proaniaoat Nebr**k»M Involved ta the Con»pirary Against Him. OMAHA, Jan. 28.—A special to The Bee from O'Neill says: Developments in the Scott case have laid the whole conspiracy which resulted in the lynch ing before the authorities. The informa tion is furnished by a member of the vigilance committee. Fifty men are involved in the affair, many of state prominence. It proves to be the work of the oathbound organizat ion, which has for a quarter of a century held sway in Holt county and defied idl law. The members of the committee who were friendly to Soott knew that he was to be lynched, but they were not made ac quainted with the time and place at which the murderous work was to be accomplished. How far the conspiracy extended is indicated by the list of the members of the committee that is now in the hands of the attorney general. This includes over 80 names, among them being one or two ex-members at the legislature. McQnaid Wait* for New®. ROCHKSTKK, N. Y., Jan. 28.—Bishop McQnaid gave out the following state ment relative to the dispatch from Rome that he has been censured by the pope for his sermon against Archbishop Ireland: "All the&e stories are manu factured by a clerical clique in New York and neighborhood. First, they had me summoned to Rome, next t-hty had me deposed, and now they have me scolded. I wait patiently for the next jiiwx news." Rifle* and Shells For Mexioo. SAS FRANCISCO, Jan. 28.—The steamer St. Paul has sailed for Mexican ports, and in her cargo were 38 eases of cart ridges, 1 ease of rifles and 1 ca*se of Khells. They were to be unloaded at Mazatlanu The shipments were hur riedly taken to the steamer and stowed so it would be reached quickly when the vessel DEMOCRATS AT SEA Passage of the Nicaragua Bill Leaves Them Without a Programme. WILL LOSE THEIR MAJORITY In a Pew Days Republicans Will Have Control of the Upper Houee. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28.—The final dis posal of the Nicaragua canal bill, which has occupied the senate for so many weeks, has brought the Democrats of that body face to face with the problem of the programme for the remainder of the session, of which there remains but working days. There is already very fair prospects of a sharp conflict between the various measures on the calendar, and especially between the pooling bill and the bills for the admission of the territories of Arizona and Mexico as states. It has been practically agreed ever since the Democratic caucus held soon after the convening of the present session, in December, that the bankruptcy bill would be taken up by general con sent after the Nicaragua bill, and Sen ator George, who will have charge of the bankruptcy bill, has given notice of his intention to ask to have it called up, but Senator Chandler made it clear that the bill could not be taken up without a vote on consideration. Furthermore a majority of the Republican senators are opposed to the George bankruptcy bill, and some of the more influential of them express the determination to keep it be fore the senate until the close of the ses sion, rather than let it become a law. Pooling and Territorial Bills. Senator Butler has given notice of his intention to move the consideration of pooling bill, when the bankruptcy bill shall be disposed of. It has been sup posed ever since the Democratic caucus that the territorial admission bills would succeed the bankruptcy bill, and the Republican senators were informed in their caucus that it ia the purpose of Senator Faulkner, chairman of the ter ritorial committee, to insist that this or der shall be maintained. The Republi cans regard this prospect erf a conflict in the Democratic ranks with relish. The failure of the Republican caucus to make any serious reference to the financial and currency complications is taken as evidence by many, that this question as others, be left suspended, and that they at present have no purpose of offering even a temporary expedient for the re lief ot the treasury. Repnhltaan Maoris It will develop within a Tay or two that the Democrats are without a ma jority in the senate, and therefore un able to do business without the assist ance of the Republicans or Populists. The seating of Mr. Pritchard in Mr. Jarvis' place reduced the Democratic vote to 48 out of a total of 85, or a ma jority of 1. Clarke and Mantle, Repub lican, have been elected to fill the vacan cies from Wyoming r,nd Montana respectively. When they take their seats the senate will number 67 mem bers, of which the Democrats will still have only 43 members, or 1 less than a majority KlllcdL ST. PATTL, Jan. 28.—J. W. Bone, JOtA master of the Chicago, Burl*ngton and Northern railroad, was killed at 1 a. m. by being caught between two carsf while making a coupling. His watehr chain apparently caught while he wa^ between the ears and held him long enough so he got crushed. '«*. Prio/f Cream Baking PowM Perfect Madf» CONSUMPTION SO PRONOUNCED By the Physicians SEVERE ^fcBCOUGH kc# Y, a% spilling Blood Given Over by the Doctors I LIFE SAVED BY AYER'S CHERRY PECTORAL Seven years aso, my wife Uad •arere attack of' lung irouble the physicians pronounced cousumpti ii Tena. o which o O The cou* ti was extremely distressing, especially at night, ami was frequently o attended with the spitting of bfcxni. o The doctors beiag unable to help hoi, 0 I Induced her to try Aycr's Clierry Pec- o| fj. toral, and waa surprised at the great g|« reBef It gave. Before using one whale bottle, she was eared, so that now she is ©f ,• quite strong aiul..healthy. That tliis ®j medicine saved my wife's life, I have!i the least doubt."—K. Moaais, Mem-of* Aysr's Ofierry Pectoral Received Hlgheat AT to whj&h reached was consigned. Awartle THE WORLD'® FAIR •oaooaooQisoaaosooseaoooi Awarded Highest ififonors- WerM*.f FfclV* -DHL- CSEAM !N6 Mi &i*c W jgf w IrtOST PERFECT MADE. ilWTC Grape Cream of Tartar Powder. Fur •som Ammonia, Alum or ahy other adulterant 40 Yi'ARS THC STAN PAR If LATEST MARKET REPORT. Milwaukee Grain. .\1ILW.U KKK, JAN. 2ft, IHS T*. R—Dull and easy. w ukAT—Weak. No. Spring, 81c No. 1 Northern, May,55e. CORN—Scarce No. 8, 44c. OATS—Lower. No. 3 white, Sljjc No. 3, ao^c. BAULKY—Quiet. No. 2, 33$£c sample, 52(«55c. RYE—Strong. No. 1,51^0. Minneapolis Grain. MI.VNKAPOMS, .Jan. 26, IflBfi. WHEAT—C1OS«H1 easy and steady. Jan uary, 53c May, f)4%c July, V%(i'55%c. On track—No. 1 No.l Northern, 6i&c No. 2 Northern, 34^e. Duluth drain. •, DULUTH, Jan. I», 1896. WHEAT—Cash, January No. 1 hard, 57c No. 1 Northern. 55Hc May No. 1 Northern, 57c July No. I Northern, 58)ic. ML I'aul Union Stock Yard*. SOUTH ST. PAI L, Jan. 36,180K. HOGS—Prices higher. Quality fair to to good, lianae of price*, 44.00(a 1.15. CATTLE—Market slow and weak on common stuff. Fot much offered and market ruled quiet. Prime steers, tH.firstname.lastname@example.org good steers, |2.75(ff3.25 prime cows, f&40(« UK) good cows, common to futr cows, $1.00fa!l.75 light veal caivaa, heavy calves, email@example.com, SH KEP—Steady. Receipts: 1,800 cattle,75 calve% 5 sheep, 100. Chicago 17 nton Mock Yard*. ... CiftcAGO, Jan. AO, S18G5. HOGS—Higher. Sales ranged ut $3.85^ 4.25 for light $firstname.lastname@example.org for mixed W.00 4.50 for heavy packing and shipping lots $4.00(t4.15 for rough. CATTLE—Market dull and weak. SHEEP—Market strong. Receipts Hogs, 7,000 cattle, BN sheep, 1,500. Chicago Grain and ProvlftMb CHICAGO, Jan. 20,18B&. CLOSING PRICKS. WHEAT—January, 49^c May, 53c July, 53%c. CORN—January, 42%c May,45Xc July, 45(tt4.r^c. OATS—January, 98H May, 8BK@20Hc June, 2U}^c. PORK—January, $10.40 May, $10.88. LARD -January, V» May,Iti.TiJf. RIliS—January, $5.40 May, #5.55," SUBSCRIBE FOR THE LUE.COUNTI WEEKLY LEADER, A carefully edited* 48-columu paper ALL« PRINTED at fiomc, •"*p? Sent to any address ijr #he United States, for ONE DOLLAR .... Tastes Good* Uf) dr&ggiats.