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THE DAILY LEADER
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 10,1885. TKKM8 OP Wt-BltVJtUTlOX. By mail, 1 vw Bv mail, 6 month# By malt, month# Mir, bjr eavftor, per we«k TO l.mnin make* For Nember School Board THIRD For Alderman 18 ADVKBTISBR8. TUB Uaii.y »pwi*I feature of urnUbmit information conoemtOa th«» *dv*nU(c»»« and rvoourco# of tb«« city of Maaiaon and ol the atate at larae eiititllax tt to the paUoom^e ol ad r«rti«er» of every claaa. J. r. STAHL, Proprietor. UITY TICKET FIRHT WAKD. Per Alderman U. M. PAULEY. Far Xmbtr School Board— BCOMD WAB!. For Alderman JACOBKUNDBRT GEO H. IK1811. For Member School Board— H. J. BRKNNAN. FOURTH WARD. For Alderman— ADOLPB 8CHMIUT Fw Member School Board 11. HUBERTS Mil bank will institute creamery company with a central plant and four separating stations. Twenty-tive carloads of young oattle passed through Huron on the 6th inst., going to ranches along the Missouri river. Cattlemen are gathering up young stock wherever it is possible, and paying [good prices. The demand for cows and fat cattle is greater than for several years and prices are much higher than heretofore. Everywhere £kuth Dakota laughs at the abundance of moisture and the mag nificent spring time. Dakota will keep smiling to the end of time. She founded in strong hope. The board of county commissioners of Yankton county are again wrestling with the question of clerk hire for county officers. A resolution was introduced providing for the payment of clerks, but it was voted down. The board is divided in sentiment upon the question and there is no telling what the result will be. That clerks in county otlice6 are abso lutely necessary is a foregone conclusion, but the law makes it optional with the commissioners to provide necessary clerk hire. It la deemed not necessary in Yankton county except at certain times of the year and the present board of commissioners has an economical streak on. Information reoeived at Redtield from the officers of the A. O. U. VV. indicates that the grand lodge of that body will be held In Jamestown, N. D., May next, as originally contemplated. Pierre dispatch, 8: The insurance re cords of the state auditor's office show the total foreign tire and life insurance business of the state to be as follows: Fire Insurance— Premiums received $ 3&i,:i02 Losses incurred 210,081) Risks written. 18,715,863 Losses paid IK),369 Life Insurance— Insurance in foroe December 31, 1893 .$11,110,183 Insurance written in 1804.... 1^75,807 Premiums received 283,176 Losses incurred 89,977 Insurance in force December 31,1894 9,991),490 The late legislature passed insurance bills for the organization of merchants' mutual and county mutual companies a law preventing companies or agents from doing business in the state without authority from the auditor a law ex empting the life insurance from the debts of the descendant, and one allow ing guaranty companies to give bonds for public officials. The maximum rate bill was killed. Sioux City Journal, 9: The treasury reports show that money in circulation is increasing. The net increase for March was almost $10,000,000. It amounts to an increase of 10 cents per capita as compared witn the preceding month, but a decrease of $'J.06 per capita as compated with the same month year ago. The Sioux City Journal of the oth say6: "Attorney VV. E. Grant, of Sioux City, and United States Attorney IS. \V. Mil ler, of Klk Point, went to O'Neil a few days ago aud attempted to tile on about ^60 acres of land located on Walker's island, withiu two miles of the poetotliee in Sioux City. This land has on it a heavy growth of timber and is estimated to be worth 8100 an acre. The receiver of the United States land office refused to accept the entry of the attorneys for the reason that on the entry book occur red this notation: 'Do not allow anyone to reserve this land until advised by the interior department.'" Mr. Miller is KM U. S. district attoraey for thia state. Mueh Prematura Talk. NICARAGUA, April 10.—A prominent official states that all the talk of what will be the government's action respit ing England's claim and the ultimatum is premature, as nothing will be done until Minister Barrios submits im portaiit documents which he will brinir fnni England CENSURE FOR ALDERMEN. Wfaoaa City Dads Haw at the City'a Eipanoe. WIXOKA. Minn., April 10.—The com mittee appo.nted last February to in vestigate the charts of corruption in municipal affairs made a report to the city council. Two of the aldermen, A. H. Hill and J. I. Willnou, and the city engineer, F. H. Pickles, are severely criticised for holding an optional inter sot in the Winona General Electric company, and, while this fact was un known, attempting to secure a lighting contract with the city. Their efforts were almost successful, and the well laid plans were frustrated only at the last moment, obliging them to recede from the position they had taken. The committee further condemns in unmistakable terms the numerous jun keting tours whidh the aldermen have made in the last few years, and of which they failed to make proper ac count of expense. The last trip of the kind taken was during the past sum mer, when a committee traveled about the country ostensibly to look up elec tric lighting matters. It is found that for the eight months previous to last August 94 orders have been paid for junketing expenses, amounting to $3,0Nrt.30, of which $94 was charged to the poor account and the remainder to incidental. No bills or vouchers could be found for orders drawn amounting to $1,739.56. Vouchers exceeding $1,000 for orders dfrawn in favor of Aldermau Hill are missing. The aldermen bought scalpers' tickets, while they in turn charged the city the regular rates. The investigation is not entirely completed, buf as this was the last meeting of the council and a majority will be new members it is not known whether the investigation will be carried further. LEO BY DANDY JIM. AparhM Again Become Troabl no—i Fired on Cowboy*, PHOENIX, A. T., April 10.—A band of Apaches is on the warpath and they made their first attempt at slaughtering white men last Friday. An old man named Bleving, a noted character of Arizona, his son, Si, and another cow boy were hunting horses near their ranch, eight miles west of San Carlos reservation, last Friday, when they were fired upon by a party of a dozen Apaches, well mounted and armed. The volley struck a wall of rock close to which the whites were riding. They immediately sought shelter and re turned the fire, driving the Indians off without loss to either side. The Apaches were under the leader ship of Dandy Jim, who was pardoned from the Yuma penitentiary, where he wits supposed to be dying of consump tion. He has been one of- the moat troublesome men on the reservation. A WONDERFUL RIFLE. At S.OOO Yarda It Penetrate* a: Steel Plato. LEAVENWORTH, Kan., April 10.—The K rag-Jorge risen army rifle was tested publicly a second time on the Fort Leavenworth target range. The firing was at a distance of from 1,000 to 5,000 yards. At 1,000 yards a bullet went through nearly 36 inches of solid oak without being misshapen in the least and at 2,(XX) yards an inch steel plate was penetrated. At 1,500 yards a mis sile passed through a human cadaver and over '24 inches of oak. Spring Work Advanced. DEB MOINES, la., April 10.—The towa weather crop bulletin just issued says: The season has opened about as early as in the average of the past 10 years. The soil has never been in better condi tion for plowing and seeding and the work is generally at an advanced stage. There has been sufficient moisture to facilitate farm operations, and not enough to obstruct the work. The bulk of small grain has been sown in the larger part of the state. Sovon Day* in Batticw WASHINGTON, April 10.—At the meet, ing of the Fifth army corps, to be held here, Charles A. Stevens of Shakopee, who is now in the pension office, will read a paper on the "Fifth Corps in the Seven Days' Battle." Mr. Stevens was connected with the corps as a membei of Berdan's sharpshooters, and hit paper will deal largely with persona) experiences. Lunched With Baron Rothschild. LONDON, April 10.—Baron Rothschild gave an engagement luncheon to the Hon. George M. Curzon, who is to be married to Miss Mary Leiter of Wash ington, formerly of Chicago. Among those present were the Prince of Wales, Sir Arthur Wellesly Peel, M. P., whe who has just resigned the speakership of the house of commons, and Mr. James R. McGuire, M. P. Ha* Cphaiii'i SlgnatMRS, ""MADISON. Wis., April 10.—Governor Upham has signed the bill providing fo^ the establishment of a home for the feeble-minded. The bill appropriated $50IX)0 to be used thia year and $50,000 to be used next year. Wanted for Mayhem. ST. CLOUD, Minn,, April 10.—Sheriff McKelvey arrested August Rushenberg of Clearwater on a bench warrant is sued out of the district court. He is wanted for the offense of mayhem com mitted laet fall in Linden, this county. mied with Water. MILWAUKEE, April 10.—An open sea cock caused the Goodrich steamer At lanta to fill with water at Manitowoc. As the steamer's main deck was not submerged, no particular damage was done. Bin has many tools, bat a lie is a han dle which fits them alL—Holmes. Wrecked by a Boulder. ST. JOHNSBURY, Vt., April 10.—• serious wreck is reported on the Pass umpsine railway, near Smithville, caused by a boulder on the track. The engineer and fireman are reported IN A GREAT MUDDLE. Income Tax Collector* Fail to Find Out Where They Are At. LARGE SIZED DIFFICULTIES Arise From the Decision of th# Supreme Court—SO$TT* Cases Supposed. WASHINGTON, April 10.—The decision of the supreme court in the income tai case has plunged the internal revenue officials into almost inexplicable my** tery and trouble, and the more the de» cision is studied the greater seems to b# the difficulty attending a clear undeiv standing of its scope. The declaration that rents and incomes from real estate are exempted has opened up a question Very Difficult of Solution. The question has arisen for serious consideration whether the effect of the decision is not to include not only rente proper, but all profits of whatever char acter growing out of real estate, includ* ing farm products, timber, coal and all mine products, within the exempt class, so that real estate, including buildings thereon, which, whatever else is held by law to be part of realty, will be entirely exempt. Whether losses sustained through bad rent debts, the amount of expenses incurred in collect" ing rents or repairs on houses are to be deducted from incomes is also a mooted question. Supposing a Caao. Under the decision rents are not to be included in assessing the income tax. Suppose, it is asked, a man's income is of a mixed character, that is, from real and personal property? The former is exempt. Can he deduct the expenses necessary for the collection of his in come from personal property before making a return? The question is puz zling the revenue collectors, and a legal opinion on the point will probably be sought. Another Grave Que«rlon. Another grave question raised by the decision is whether the roadbed, round houses, stations, etc., of railroads are real estate or personal property within the meaning of the law. The laws of several states are said to differ on thia point and on several others of import ance which are involved in the opinion of the court. As soon as a verified copy of the opinion can be had the internal reve nue officials will begin the preparation of supplementary regulations, which will cover in a moite or less general way the opinion of the court, leaving the more obstruse questions to be solved as they are presented. Collectors in dif ferent part# of the country already have begun to telegraph for instructions on many points, at the same time stating that the crush of those who desire to make returns has already begun. All things considered, it is now thought that the loss to the treasury receipts from the income tax source will not ex ceed 50 per cent of the total that had been expected from this tax and may reach a much higher figure. FEARFUL OF ARREST. John D. Rockefeller Confine* Hlraaolf it New York. DULUTH, April 10.—As John D, Rockefeller does not dare to leave New York for fear of arrest on warrants al ready issued in the various states, and, as he would probably rather lose the $1,000,000 involved in the suit brought against him by Alfred Merritt, inter* rogatories have been submitted to him by lawyers on both sides to be answered before the federal district court clerk in New York city. His own attorney's direct interrogatories number 1H, and the cross-interrogatories of the other side number 42. TO RAISE WAGES. Iron aad Steal Want Bettor Werkera Pay. CLEVELAND, April 10.—The repre sentatives of the Amalgamated Associ ation of Iron and Steel Workers in this city say that an attempt will be made at the convention, which meets here next month to raise the scale of wages. One of the officers of the association said that improvement in the iron busi ness warranted the advance and the settlement of the controversy between the association and the Finishers' union leads to the belief that the de mand for it could be maintained. It is expected that about 250 delegates will attend the convention next month. Abollah Child Insurance. BOSTON, April lO.-^-The legislative committee on insurance lias reported to the hou e favorably on the bill to pro hibit any life insurance company in Massachusetts placing a policy on the life of any child under 10 years of age. Three members dissented. The bill, if it passes, wi.l affect business to the amount of over $2,000,000 annually. No Pay Until Confirmed. WASHINGTON, April 10.—The «o»p troller of the treasury has rendered a decision in which he holds that Judges Springer and Kilgore, recently ap pointed to the two districts in Okla homa, cannot receive compensation for their services as such judges until after they have been confirmed. Work of an Unknown Stan. LINCOLN, Iseb., April 10.—In Pawner county an unknown man on horseback set fire to the high prairie grass during a high wind and the country wasdeva tated for miles. Seventeen farm1 lost everything they possessed, hav hard work to save the lives of then families, and the village of Chilco was entirely destroyed. Governor Marvll Dead. LAUKXL, Del., April 10.—Governor Joshua H. Marvil died at 9:15 p. in. at his home in this place. Death was caused by a complication of Bright's disc—a, erysipelas and heart failure. LOTS THE FIBST HANSOM CAB. Its First Customer* Were Broker*, Who Caused It to Become Popular. The first hansom cab in America had an interesting history. A reminiscent, voluble, red faced cabby told it late the other night up by the Thirty-third street stand. It was brought over in 1870 or 1871 by John Patent of the Pacific hotel, in Greenwich street, just above Cort landfc, and it cost £70. Its driver was old John Carter of Liverpool, since de ceased, who came to New York in 1861. The original cab that John Carter drove was a handsome one, made very much like those now in use, but it had a claret body and red running gear. An interest ing feature of it was that it was bol stered with a pair of patent axles, which were so complicated that Carter was the only man who could grease them. For some reason the cab was not put into running immediately after it was imported, but was laid up in the stable for 1% years. Then John Carter ran it from the Pacifio hotel, but there was not business enough there, and he went down to the corner of Broad street and Exchange place, where trade flouri-hed, and he used to get fares from the big brokers. Morosini was said to have been a good customer of his, and Jay (JnuM, if reports are accurate, rode in it once or twice. It was a familiar feature about the Stock Exchange for four years, and then it broke down, ending the ca reer of the first hansom cab in America. —New York World Adding Inn alt to Injury. Old Lady—That parrot I bought of you uses dreadful language. Bird Dealer—Ah, mum, you should be werry careful what you ses afore it It's astonishin how quick them birds pick up anythink!—J*ick Mo TTn Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder World's Pair Highest Award. LANDS LOTS Why, yes, there is money in it at present prices. Lake County Real Estate as good and better than the lands of Iowa and Illinois can be bought for half the price per acre. There is speculation in it for the safe in vestment of money. Prices cannot long remain at the pres ent standard. An immense increase in price must come at a very early day. Do vou want to make nione}' by making investments in Lake County Lands Do you want to make met by making investments in Mad ison City Lots Homeseeker, do you want a cheap home in the best portion of South Dakota Then call upon or correspond with CHAS. B. KENNEDY. TRAVELERS WANTED MADISON, SOUTH DAKOTA. 15? |leW tfeli&bl? fi&rdW&r? My stocks consists of a full line of SHELF Faithful gentleman or lady to travel representing established house. Salary $65 monthly and expenses with increase. Enclose reference and self* addressed stampted envelope. Itl MfflUW ti, ttlc*. AND SHOP-MADE TINWARE. I have a well equipped Tin Shop in connection with store and am prepared to do all kinds of new work, also all job work in this line, such as repairing gas oline stoves, pumps, sharpining shears, etc. I will give special attention to plumbing. All work guar anteed. Call on me when in need of ai^&i&g in my lin*. i CRIST RENSCH, Proprietor. I have a large warehouse and can store good of all kinds including stoves, at very reasonable rates. CHUM. J.H. WILLIAMSON, ATTORNEY AT LAW Collections promptly attended to Office in Syndicate block, over DM MeKinnen's etore, Madison, ft. I).