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A CAREEIl OF CHIME. REMARKABLE HISTORY OF A MODERN CHEVALIER D'INDUSTRIE. William Houghton, an English Adventur er, Once Prime In later and Practically In the conrse of his career, the dis tinguished portion of which began with the year 1S78, he has ruled a king dom. Ho was the prime minister of Abyssinia, the chief adviser of King John. Ilis word was law, aud hecouJd order the execution of the king's im mediate relatives. This height of power Houghton reached from the plane of life of the ordinary adventurer. For years he maintained his power, and when at last fortune forsook him he turned to the capitals of Europe for fresh tributes to his genius as a swin dler. Houghton first achieved notoriety in lh7P In that year he journeyed from England to Egypt, a crusader, as much as Richard the Lion Hearted, who made the same journey centuries before, but this latter day crusade was for fraud and theft instead of for the cross. A man named Major Barlow, who had been an officer of the Yorkshire (Eng land) yeomanry, was ~his companion. Both had planned out a programme of adventure that was a- daring as it was dangerons. Highest of all in Leavening Strength.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report. ABSOLUTELY King of Abyssinia, Now In 1'rlaon For Fraud—A Spectacular Scoundrel. liam Houghton is the individual to whom has fallen this remarkable expe rience, and the distinction is accorded him of being one of the most brilliant crimiunls and backsliders that history is cognizant of. Jnst at that time the relational be* ^gg^&ween ihekhedive and the king of Abys sinia were very strained. In fnct, so nleuder wax the tie that it needed but the w«Mpht of a 'diplomatic straw to break it altogether. Houghton aud his partner made their way into Abyssinia, and in a manner that no one seems to be thoroughly familiar with ingratiated themseh'es with King John. Major Bar low was the first of the two to gain prominence, for, he induced the king to give him a very excellent appointment in the military service. King John was more than willing to have his troops re ceive the benefit of the military knowl edge of an English officer, and it was not long before Barlow was placed at the head of the Abyssinian army. No sooner had he gained this point than he began to labor with the king in the in terests of Houghton, with snch excel lent results that the English adventurer became King John's political adviser and later on prime minister of Abys siuia. By this time Major Barlow had so won the king over that the title of gen eral was created for him, and he was formally appointed commander iu chief of the Abyssinian forces, with from 70,000 to 80,000 warriors under his com mand. Included in this force was the famous brigade of amazons, who were placed iu such a state of efficiency by this man that they became tremen- dous power in themselves and won fame Power was not all these gentlemen were lookiug for. Their mission to Egypt aud to Abyssinia was principally to gain tremendous wealth, aud this they seemed now in a fair way to *e cure. They deliberately appropriated gold aud silver and ivory from the stores of the king's subjects, sparing one but the king himself. How much they managed to secure no one will ever know, Hit certain it is that the amount was euonnon*. Wealth achieved, this pair of adventurers turned their atten tion to oolitics, aud very soon had the Egyptian vernujetit and King John by the ears. They stopped at nothing. Their daring was sufficient to overcome any obstacle. Their advice, no matter how extraordinary, was always taken, aud the 'commotion Abyssinia created under their practical suzerainty was each that all the nations of Europe ha their attention called to the matter. the Ta*Mti$# parlia- Baking Powder PURE There has jnst been lodged iu jail the only man who has tasted the sweets of power that a prime miDister wields and has ran the gamut of crime that con elnded with the convict's stripes. Wil- into the mystery of the preparation of inem«, rmi :t iookt-d fur .i .. if the very poire vl tuen jeo|i ir.ii7.:"l liy tli niarwious Ir-fiitery of two L:i£ ish nijcy.rits While uli thi. wtis going on fl.uehton and Barlow liwil it* well as Aoy-iuia couJii ponuit When they traveled, it was in state chairs, carried hy Amazo riiun warrior?. Ei\:'h had a h:ircni. aud for this theyouugest aud prettiest Abys sinian girls were selected. Presently these two grew too reserved to even dine with the king and had their meals served apart from him, prepared by an old Abyssinian whom they had inducted an English dinner Uninterrupted suocees made them still bolder, and they induced the king to present them with a large quantity of gold dust, which they proceeded to transform iuto a nest egg by placing it to their credit "in a bank at Berlin, to which point they forwarded the treas ure from Abyssinia. About all the king possessed in the way of valuables of which they failed to get at least a por tion was an enormous ruby, worn as a royal armlet. They told the king that he should give them that ruby ho they could present it to Queen Victoria, and that on receipt thereof she would be so pleased that nothing would serve her but complete annihilation of King John's Egyptian enemies. For some un known reason, however, the king re mained obdurate, and that is why he still possesses the ruby. In 1885 the star of the Englishmen began to wane. The Egyptian govern ment made up its mind that there could be no peace with Abyssinia until the two Englishmen were out of the coun try. So an expedition was sent out aft er them under Osman Pasha, the best officer in the khedive's army. Strangely enough, he managed to capture them, and they were carried to Cairo Here they were treated with extreme consid eration, and after the bare formality of a trial a sentence of banishment was impoaed. Majw bait no ranoy for leaviug a country that had flowed with milk and honey, so, by forging a number of letters, by continuing his policy of intrigue, he gained permission to take a quantity of gunpowder with him, travel east and exchange it for ivory. He then bribed an Egyptian offi cial, shipped tons of gunpowder into Abyssinia, was detected, fled, and final ly succeeded in making his way back to the nation that had made him a power. Retribution finally overtook him, how ever, for tho rod of iron with which he ruled King John's army produoed a mu tiny, and Barlow was killed by the very men he had trained in arms. Houghton accepted his sentence and took passage on a vessel bound for France. He was not content, however, to refrain from evil even on an ocean voyage, and so he very shrewdly made overtures to the captain of the vessel to become a pirate, assuring him that within two mouths he would make him immensely wealthy. It so happened, however, that the captain was a rather olever and thoroughly honest man. In stead of joining in with Houghton's schemes he lauded him on the coast of France at the very first, opportunity. So trifling a misadventure as this did not daunt Houghton in the least. He made his way to Paris and posed without delay as the accredited repre- Beutative that to this day has made them well jjad considerable money, which, with kuown. While Abyssinia is in a statoof semi civilization there is yet a strong lean ing toward the barbaric, aud ut the time these events occurred that predi lection was even greater than now. So the two Englishmen, quickly perceiv ing that to maintain prestige and pow er they must conform to the native cus toms, decided to impress the fact of their high power and favor with the king by a series of ceremonies both long and weird. For a week the soldiers of the army danced and feasted, the cere mony being witnessed by the king, fionghton and Barlow, the latter two decked in paint, beads and feathers and portions of uniforms of English officers. This had all the desired effect. The Englishmen found themselves thorough ly established with royalty and people. of the King of Abyssinia. He the Berlin nest egg, gave him ample capital for the time being. His life was one of almost oriental luxury. Social honors of all sorts were his. All classes honored him and did all possible to make life pleasant Then he became en tangled in an alliance with a notorious woman, and a series of orgies began, beside which the greatest excesses of the Moulin Rouge are as obi Id's play. At last, however, the French police arrested Houghton, and he was sent to prison for two months. In the fall of 1888 he made his way to England and there began the career of swindling that has ended ia a prison. From time to time he was connected with very shady transactions, but always man aged to avoid arrest until a short time since, when he tried to blackmail a London broker, was arrested, triod and sentenced to 18 months at Wormwood Scrubhs prison, a London place of pun ishment for criminals of tho more de graded type. There at the present moment is the man who once held the fate of a nation in tho hollow of his hand, breaking stone for the'good of England's roads. Washington Post fortune For a Poorhooae Inmate. Patrick Melody, once prominent in Irish Nationalist circles, but who is now an inmate of the Cook county (Ills.) poorhouse, has fallen heir to a valuable estate in Dublin. The estate includes a carriage factory and seven valuable buildings in Dublin, which were owned by John J^elody. an uncle of Patriot. Melody served years il an English Sanohester iaon for participation ta the reaone Of 189. THOUGH SOMEWHAT CHANGED MADISON, SOUTH DAKOTA TUESDAY, JANUARY 5 1897. DAC0IT3 OF BURMA. THEY STILL EXIST TO PLUNDER. Authorities Are enable to Stop the Thiev ing aud Do Not Often Capture One of the Dacoltft A Sample Case of the Inef ficiency of the 1'ollre Offlron, Burma is one of the countries that are changing very fast, and one of the things that have changed in Burma is the dacoit. The sportive gentlemen de scribed by Rudyard Kipling and others who crucified villagers wholesale and filled old ladies with kerosene were flourishing iu full vigor less than ten years ago, bnt they already belong as completely to the past as Dick Turpin aud his colleagues in England. Nodonbt a fresh war or any event seriously shak ing the British power or reputation might produce a recrudescence of tho 0I4 disease, but in the meantime the dacoitl have entirely changed their habits. In stead of living together in bands in the jungle they are scattered through sepa rate villages in the guise of peaceful cultivators. Daring the day each man attends to his paddy fields just like his neighbors, and it is only at night that they meet together for the dispatch of their more important and lucrative busi ness. Dacoity as defined by Jaw is simply robbery committed by a baud of five nieu or more, and it is important only because of the Burman's strong nutural propensity toward it and the great diffi culties which his national character places in the way of his detection. It must always be remembered that, Bur ma being iu a transition stage and much less settled than India and the government being extremely short hand ed, an immense amount of various kinds of work falls upon each single English official. Hence it is wholly impossible for him to exercise any close or detailed supervision over any particular part of his district. This of itself renders the detectiou of criminals a difficult mat ter. When the dacoits were in the woods, it was simply a case of turuing out oc casionally to hunt tbem down. At pres ent the matter must necessarily be left chiefly iu the hands of natives. Now, the natives are for the ruont part honest aud tolerably law abiding, and they have uo sympathy whatever with a man who goes dacoiting, but the dacoit goes armed, and the supinenetai »«»d cowardice of the Burman in th« piesenco of arms, —«-ily of firearms, are something almost incom prehensible to the western mind. It is quite sufficient for a party of half a dozen men to have a gun amoug them—effect ive or useless, loaded or empty, matters little, the mere show is enough—aud they may go fearlessly to work in the midst of a crowd. No one will interfere with them. Iu more than one instance bold robbers have made successful at tacks when armed merely with their dabs—the dagger which every Burman carries—and with a pretended rifle made of a stick, with which they frightened off all opposition. But perhaps the strange workings of the native character are best exhibited in the following case, which occurred quite recently. The facts are vouched for by au English officer: There wus a band of five men who were iu the habit of practicing dacoity occasionally. Three of them came from the same village— not a common thing, as it makes detec tion easier—the fourth from another village, and, as for the fifth, no man kuov.'s whtnee he camc, for reasous that will appear. One night these five men, armed with nothing but their knives and spears, which are used for fishiug iu lower Burma,- entered a house, tied up the owner and began plundering. Now, this hcuse was iu a large village, containing not ouly a population of Komo 1,400, but a police post with 15 native policemen armed with sniders, The alarm was given and the house surrounded, and then there was a pause. The robbers continued their work undis turbed within. The villagers, some 200 or 300 ablebodied men, all more or less armed, sat around on the dam wbiob surrounds and protects every house on the delta, looked down on the house and discussed the question. The police stood rather nearer the house and fired shots into it through the bamboo walls, hurt ing no one. One solitary policeman after a time volunteered to advance. He crept up quite close to the house aud fired in through an opening in the wall. Then he went farther and actually put his head and part of his body through the hole, apparently to see what executiou he had done. One of the robbers prompt ly pinned him to the ground with a fish vptar aud killed him. By this time they bad completed their preparations so they sallied forth, each man with hie pack of plunder on his back. Though the house was surrounded, they appear to have had 110 difficulty in making their way through, only the police lirct after them with buckshot and hit thre of them in the back, not seriously wounding th*m. But one of the baud had the misfortune to stumble and fall Instantly the crowd rushed upon him and before he could rise literally haeko him to pieces, and eo effectively tha not the slightest clew to bis identity remained. He was absolutely destroyed No one knows even what was his ua tionality. The other four got cleai away.—Public Opinion. A BtMrkafeif A majority of readers know that a mixture df tw parts of pounded ioe and otic part of common sait will reduce the tenij'emturn of anything inclosed so as to be wholly surrounded by the mix ture (ku? a Hi ilk can in au icecream free*'r 1 to u point 8i degrees below that ut hich water freezes. There are but fi,\v re .l« rH, however, that know of the rcinaik.ible properties of a mixtnre of *hlnrid' of lime and ice. A mixture of three parts of crystallized chloride of 4une and two parts of ice forms a combination that will freeze mercury iu sev%« minutes.—St. Louis Republic. The white carnation is regarded in England as an emblem of disdain. Thli idea was probably snggetted by the up right habit of the flower, which no and waves naughtily in the breeze. JOHN RICHARDSON DEALER IN OIL & 6AS0LINE. Leave ban. your order at Hubbell Bros. S. Y. HYDE ELEVATOR GO. Han As s Soft Coal. A n excellent grade of^Leh igli V al- l»y~coal. Bottom prices. Free delivery to any part of the city. Wm. Fint/e!, As? ent A LOCAL NEWSPAPER Mniimmif t'Ucmpiihiff.Hri mBtuilliHMimmuilMiiittf T« nth Leaflet .IS BY FAR., The Best pqpqr published in Madison for the farmers of Lake County. It gives the City and County Local News Complete, besides a large tnni.l (i n por ant STATE AND NATIONAL NEWS catefaly emptied rom onr daily isam-s •&> CHAS. B. Kenkedt Presidan v RUPTURE and MmTAttisISHKi* 1*7*. PRICE FIVE CENTS JEWEL** STOVES McDONALD BROS. THE HADISON State Bank, riadison, S. D. 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