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The Madison daily leader. [volume] (Madison, S.D.) 1890-current, March 04, 1897, Image 1

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President McKinley and Vict
President Hobart Duly
The Ceremony But
v5*: •.
of Those That Have Gone
Great Crowds Witness the Pa
rade and the Taking of
the Oath.
WASHINGTON, March 4.—The quad
trntiial cerctnouy which accompanies
tho swapping of presidents of the Unit
eel States has again been successfully
accomplished, and William McKinley
has taken the place of Grover Cleve
land as chief of the nation.
Tho ceremony has been almost idea*
tical with those that have preceded it,
with the exception that a new company
of players wero on tho stage. In
deed, it is never precisely the same
company which appears before tho
people on successive inauguration days.
This year Major McKinley takes tho
part that Grover Cleveland had four
years ago, while Mr. Cl» frel..nd in turn
takes the place of^.i-njamin Harrison.
There is, however, one uncommon
feature. No retiring president beforn
Cleveland lias twice played the same
part—that is no one has given up tho
office to two successors. In that regard,
therefore, Mr. Cleveland may be re
garded as a more experienced actor
tlian any of his predecessors*
Ceremonies All Observed.
The ceremonies which are incident
to changing administrations were* all
scrupulously performed, even though
Mr. Cleveland was suffering from a se
vere attack of gout. Tho official calls
were made? and returned, and in addi
tion, Mr. Cleveland had dined the in
coming provident, a ceremony not very
It was nearly 11 o'clock when tho
president and president-elect entered
the carriage to drive to tho Capitol.
They were seated in an open landan
drawn by four magnificent black horses
-wearing white harnesses. The presi
dent occupied the right hand seat with
the president-elect on the left. Fol
lowing them in another carriage were
the vice president-elect and the senato
com mitteo of arrangements, Messrs.
Sherman, Elkins and Mitchell of Ore
The division constituting tho pres
ident-elect's escort to the capitol was
composed of a brigade of United States
forces and a brigade of the District of
Columbia National Guard, the whole
amounting to about -5,000 men* First
c-ame a division of mounted police, then
the Governor's Island band of 00
pieces. N"xt came General Porter and
staff, followed by mounted aides to tho
number of Infantry, cavalry and
marines followed. Just before the pres
ident's carriage rode Troop A ol
Cleveland, numbering 100. men, un
der Captain Bnrdick, while following
his carriage came a detachment of thd
Twenty-third Ohio volunteers. Then
there were moie soldiers, the rear I MI:
brought up by hi .h school cadets.
Tlie MMI-CII I'p lli»' Avriinr.
The March up Pennsylvania avenue
took about halt ah hour, aud while the
crowds from one end to the other
rent the air with cheer upon cheer
neither of the chief actors acknowl
edged the demonstration in any way,
out of consideration for the other.
Ia the Sen
TAKIN Tin: .\'III.
When the procession reached the Peace
monument at the foot of tho Capitol,
the chief of the Capitol police with his
men, cleared the way to the senate ap
proach at the east, while the procession
made its way through the south
portion of tho beautiful grounds,
up by tho house end and
along the east front of tho Capitol to
tho senate, where the president and
president-elect had left their carriage.
Mr. McKinley and Mr. Hobart went to
the room of tho vice president while
.^resident Cleveland retirod to tne
•president's room.
The senato chamber in the mean
while had been converted into an ap
propriate sotting for the scene about to
take place. About 11 o'clivk the sena
tors wero all in their places on the right
of the senate, w.ththo Democrat.c sido
left clear for tho distinguished people
v.Ho graced tho occasion.
T»i' arrival of tho diplomatic co ps
occurred a few minutes after 11 o'c.cc'c
and wan an interesting feature, ir
nearly every member had a full uni
form and wore it. Next came tho jus
tices of the supreme court. Soon after
tlie families of tho incoming president
and Vice president created a flutter of
excitement by their arrival, and then
came an official announcement that tho
presideut had no further communica
tions to make to the senate.
There was a moment of waiting and
then came the announcement, "Tho
President of tho United States." He
was just in front of the vice president's
desk vhi.n tho president-elect appeared
through the swinging doors, the two
then taking seats together.
Then came Mr. Hobart's great mo
ment. All eyes wero upon him as he
walked u the aisle to the right and
took up a position on the step at the
right of the desk which wou'd be his
for the next four years. Then Mr.
Stevenson said: "The chair has the
pleasure of announcing that the vico
president of tho United States is
in tho senate, and if agreeable
to him, I will now administer the oath
of office." Naturally there was no ob
jection, and the presiding officer, with
due solemnity, said:
Ilobirt First Take* the Oith.
"Yon do solemnly swear that yon
will support the Constitution of the
United States against all enemies, for
eign aud domestic that you will bear
true faith and allegiance to the same
that you take these obligations freely
and without mental evasion or reserva
tion, aud that you will faithfully dis
charge the duties of the office you are
about to enter, so help you God."
Thereupon Mr. Stevenson retired and
Mr. llobart reigned in his stead. His
first act was to read tho proclamation
i i
•jm§L v}f\
mm 1
of the president calling au extra session
of the s.e Kite. This occurs al caes,
as it is neces ary l'or the purpo-o-of in.
auguration and for the confirmation of
the cabinet, which comes before the
senate tho following day.
Then the newly elected senators
made their appearance to be sworn in,
and the old ones who had been re
elected, went ow the same perform
McK'ntejr Become* Chief Aetor.
Again the scene changes and Major
McKinley again becomes the chief
actor. It was nearly 1 o'clock when
£ie president and the president-eleot
emerged from the great door of the
Capitol rotunda and took up their posi
tions at the front of the platform. Mr.
McKinley was now, of course, the ceu
tral figure, and the thousands of ]eople
packed in the great park before the
Capitol cheered themselves hoarse be
fore they allowed him to begin his
inauguration address. When ho had
finished amid cheers that seemed to
grow more excited each time, Mr.
McKinley turned to the chief justice
and said:
"I am now prepared to take he oath
prescribed by law."
Tlirl'led the Multitude.
The scfcne that followed thrilled the
multitude and awed them into stillness.
It wa the sc-mo for tho right of which
'he ancestor of many a man in tho
crowd had fought. It is the crowning
fcene in the life of any American citi
Eeu aud the signification flashed over
many a u. in and woman. There is the
true illustration of the great American
rallying cry, "Of the people, by the
people and for tho people." As the
president stands there aud looks out
upou the people he is to govern, he seei
representatives of evrcy branch that
makes this a great nation. People of
every degree and condition, and for tho
peace, protection and prosperity of all
these and millions more ho is res] on*
There are brilliant uniforms, and up
the street is a detachment of artillery
whose cannons thunder away as he
bends to kiss the Bible aud binds him
self to be tho father of the nation
Then the crowd on the jilatform and
the crowd below break loose there i.t
no restraint to democratic ardor.
Cheers almost wako the dead on Arling
ton, where many a man sleeps wht
only four years ago stood on that verv
platform and listened to G.oVer Cleve
land take the same oath.
Book oa Which I'rcnidnnt McKinley
Took the Oath.
WASHINGTON, March 4.—Tho Biblo
on which Mr. McKinley took the oath
as president of the United States is an
unusually handsome aud costly copy
right of the testaments made espe
cially for the occasion in Ohio and pre
seiited to the new president by Bishop
Arnett of Wilberforce coiU ge, a col
ored institution ill tho Buckeye state,
oil behalf of tho African Methodist
Episcopal church. Its covers are oi
blue morocco with satin linings, with
Batin panels and gilt edges. A gold
plate in the center will bo engraved
with the following inscription
"William McKinley, president of th
United States of America. Inaugurated
March 4, lsi7."
The book on which ho was sworn into
tho highest office withiu the gift of the
people was a matter of quite decided
sentiment with President Cleveland
Mr. Cleveland asked tho privilege of
being sworn on a little red Bible which
had been given to him by his uiothei'
in his boyhood when he first left th'"
family roof tree, aud he took the oath
at the beginning of both his presiden
tial terms on the book which he treasure s
fondly. The custom, however, has
been for tho United States supreme
court to furnish tho Bible on which tho
president takes his oath officially, and
this tradition has been carried out by
the clerk of the court ever since that
tribunal was established, except on the
two occasions when Mr. Cleveland was
installed into office. Mr. McKinney,
clerk of the supreme court, who hold
the Bible on which Mr. Garfield was
made president- and every president
after him, has always marked the ver
which the president touched with l.i
lips, and after tho inaugural has pre
sented the book made historic by tl i
event to the president or his wife.
The first inauguration of George
Washington, in the federal building, in
New York on April 5i0, 17iS was de
layed by the failure to provide a liilile
Just as the arrival of Washington was
announced to congress, Chance.lor v
ingstone DISCOVERED that th TO was ir
Bilile in the building. Ho was mas:
of St. John No. of Free Masons a
happened to remember that there wu
a Bill in the lodge room. A messen
ger was quickly sent to bring the book
aud it is pre e.-ved to the present day
among the relics of tho lodge.
FdDn4jrlTKoia Avenue Outshone Itnelf in
the Matter of Adornment..
The center of interest in the decora
tions of the city is Pennsylvania ave
nue, stretching an anbroken sheet
of asphalt 150 feet broad and a mile
long from the foot of the Capitol to the
foot of the treasury, and thence, after a1
short break at Fifteenth street, for
another mile and a half past the north
front of the treasury, past tho White
House and tho senate, war aud navy
departments to Washington circle.
There tin* inaugural procession turned
on it* backward march past the review
ing stand of the grand marshal on
street. It is one of the most remarka
ble thoroughfares among the capita.J
of the nations, and its decora
tion for the American Olympiad is a
matter of long thought and of expendi*
ture of money. The great trough Oi.
buildings from the Cap:tol to 1 lie treas*
ury, one of tho most magnificent vistas
in the wor of cities, cannot brook any
faeap adornment and this year tho
decorations are abundant. Tho avenuo
is a wea.th of bunting. There are
flags of all nations waving from the
windows or floating from every avail
pole, probably every
the international code is representee.,
from the Stars and Stripes and the blue
cross of St. George to the white elephant
of Siam, aud the black and yellow
dragon flag of China.
The presence of the crowd on tho
streets also lends a good deal of brill
iancy and movement to the scene and
detracts from tho need of excessive
decoration. Front house front to houso
front, except in the center, where the
police have cleared a way, there is a
solid mass of humanity, many colored
aud constantly shifting a veritable
bumau carpet for the great avenue
through Vihli th-» flood of the inang*
ural pro.wsai«,ii rolls.
Above th« heads of the crowd on
either side r'ise the wails of the houses,
enriched with every variety of flag and
streamer that the mind of the resident
property holder can devise. There are
sunl.ur.sts of red, white and blue under
almost every window-sill, and where
the national colors are wanting, there
the yellow and black of Russia, tho
donile-headed eagle of Austria, tho
red. white and green of the Barbary
states, and every other national com
bination that would naturally suggest
itself to the naturalized population of
a most cosmopolitan capital.
The decorations of business houses
and residences was varied to suit tho
individual tastes and tho financial
ability of tlie owners, many handsome
displays being made in tho business
district especially.
But more substantial and extensive
than the decorations of the privato
buildings are those of the public de
partments. Every department from
the interior to the state, war any navy
buildings, has thrown abroad all its
store of bunting in honor of the day.
The base of the treasury building is
one of the favorite grounds from which
to view the inaugural and there have
been erected standout tho south, east
and north fronts. These, with their
uniform salmon-like tint and frieze of
brilliant crimson, together with their
livid freight of spectators add to tho
decoration to the building. Further
on in the stretch of the avenuo before
tlio president's house, the stands are of
the most classic form and substantial
stylo. From over the white reviewing
stand of the chief 'executive, floats
a hundred banners and its snowy wall
and flag draped sides, make it the gem
of the whole collection of reviewing
stands. The otheis on this favored
stretch of the great thoroughfare are
decorated witn the national colors in
terspersed with laurel wreaths, golden
eagles and banners of every hue, shape
and size. The stretch of the avenuo
past- the president's reviewing
stand is th most choice bit of tho
whole panorama through which tho
gieat procession moves, and thence
westward the decorations fade gradu
Absolutely Pure.
Celebrated for |?h tri at »v« Ijinc- t'c:!li am!
!.• :i 11fulii«•
chA-fiuve tie
aiil al forms of adnlteratio (. ii'm.'. n the
rlieap brand*.
CO., Hew York.
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