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THE STANDARD YARDSTICK.
Years of Study and rtmeittt Were Xeceimnry tu Prodnce It. "People \v!io h.iudle the yardstick have hut little iilea of the years of study and experiments that were nec essary tv» secure tlie standard yard measure," observed an otiieial of tli# coast survey. '•Bird, a famous scientist, made the first standard yard in 1700, but the English government did not legalize* it until 1S24. Ten years afterward, when the house of parliament in Loo don was destroyed by tire, the stand ard yard was lost, and England was again without a standard yard of lensth. Sheepshanks next made a standard measure, which the Engl.sh government adopted, and, so that it could not be again destroyed by lire, four authorized copies were made of it- One of these was deposited in the royal mint, another in the Royal society, another in the observatory at Greenwich, and the fourth was ita* bedded in the walls of the new house of parliament. "The standard yard measures which are owned by the government are cop ies of the original, one of which it owned by the coast survey. The Unit ed States naval observatory has one also. The delicacy of its construction May be gathered by the fact that a C&ange of temperature of one-hun dredth of a degree of Fahrenheit has been found to produce a sensible effect oil the length of the bar. "The copies of the staudard are made of bronze, for the reason that bronze is less affected by temperature than any distinct or single metal. "The cost of the construction of tbe original standard yard measure in volved the labors of Bird and his as sistants for nearly six years. Sheeps hanks was 11 years in producing the accurate copies which he made from Bird's original measurements."—Wash ington Star. WHAT MAKES SUCCESS. It'a the Man. Not the Job—There Are Possibilities In Everything. '•\Ve are forever going to begin work In earnest tomorrow," said Mr. Stay bolt, "and we are never satisfied with the job we've got, and we perform the labor involved in it In only a half heart ed manner, but we are going to work in dead earnest when we get a job to suit us. "The fact is that tomorrow, when we get to it, will be to us as today is to us 6tw we shan't feel any more like work. And that other job, when we come in actual contact with it and see It close at hand, won't suit us any bet ter than the one we've got now does. "The truth is that we are dawdlers and shy of work and trying to get along just as easy as we can. We hate to pitch in and go at things. "The time for us to work is now, not tomorrow, and the job for us to collar it the one we've got. Round that up in style, do the work completely and thor oughly, and you'll be astonished to find how you'll bring It out and what chances there are in It And every body that knows about your work or is in any way concerned or affected by it, as it is done well or ill, will be de lighted to see it well done—everybody likes to see a job, whatever It is, well done—and pleased with the doer, and there's money in it every time. "It isn't the job that makes success it's the man, and don't jrou forget it."— New York Sun. Saranelll Serum Fail*. WASHINGTON, Aug. BRIEF BITS OF John W. Miller of Watisau, Wis,, lias been designated as census supervisor for the eighth district. At Denver Joe Choynski was given the decision over "Mexican Pete" Ever ett on a foul in the seventh round. Mysterious Billy Smith and Andy Walsh fought 23 rounds to a draw be foreBroad way Athletic club, New Vork city.'' C. B. Hersey, 25 years of age, a son of Colonel R. L. Hersey, a prominent cap italist of St. Paul, was while fishing at Lake ^ebagamori, Wis," Lieutenant Stewart Spencer Church Ill, $on _f Lady Randolph Churchill, denies the reported engagement of his mother to Lieutenant G. W. Corn wallis-\Vest. Coke is about to be manufactured on a large scale from the lowgradg Illinois and Iowa coal, and of a quality good enough to make it usable by the big steel mills. LATEST MARKET REPORT. Dulnth Grain. DULUTH, e^c NoT 1 U Xeetiiern, 67c. 7.—In a letter to Surgeon General Sternberg, dated Jan. 2u last, the distinguished Brazilian physician. Dr. J. B. De Lacerda of Riu de Janeiro, says: "The serum of Dr. ivuiarelli has failed here in Brazil. The xperiments made at ban Paulo have not been favorable to the use of tiiis serum. It id neither preventive nor ttrat$*e." No Deaths and No New Cases. NEWPORT NEWS, VA., Aug. 7. —There were no deaths and no cases of yellow fever at the Hampton Soldiers' Home during the day. EGGS—Eresh, X£WS. The poatoffice at Argyle, Minn., has been taken from the fourth class and made presidential. Aug. 5. WHEAT—Cash No. 1 hard, 72^o No. 1 Northern, 70o No. 2 Northern, 05%o No. 8, 63o. To Arriva—No. 1 hard, 73$o No. 1 Northern, 700 September, 08)£o December, 69^c. Minneapolis Wheat. MINNEAPOLIS, Aug. &, WHEAT—In Store—No. 1. Northern, August, Q80 September, De cember. _08o. On .Track No. 1 byd. Business men find that the profuse quick lather of Ivory Soap readily removes the dust and grime of the office. Ivory Soap is so pure that it can be used as often as necessary, without causing chapping or roughness. CATTLE Market strong. Not many here. Sales ranged at 9.\93(£3.03 for bulls t3.10(^3.85 for cows $t.3o(ff4.45 for steers |2.ti544.U0 for 6tockers (5.5'j®5.75 for calves. SIIEEP Market steady receipts mostly Westeruers. Sales range.I at I3.9J for Western sbeep for lambs. Receipts: C.tttle 2j c.lives, Wj iMga, 300 sheep, 30. Chicago Cmon Stock Yards. IT FLOATS. comntfT mm by tmc Procterft oamblC©O ONMMMNI 'Northern, "oaj.c T»o. Sioux City Live Stock. Sioux CITY, HOGS—Market about steady. Range Of pri ces, t4.30*g4 5J. CATTLE—Market steady. Sales ranged at t5.0)^j.d'J for beeves |2.5u(!&4.O00 for cows, bulls and mixed $3.60^4 40 lor stockers and feeders fi.28 .25 for calces and yearlings. Receipts: Cattle. hogs, 1,700. St. r*M Union Stock Yard*. SouiH ST. PAUL. Aug. 5. HOGS—Market l."82 jc higher. Range of prices, $4.70vd4 87^. CHICAGO, Aug. 5. HOGS—Market opened strong, weak ened later. Sales ranged at H. 4 @l.s5 for mixed and butchers t4.4o&4.b'J for good heavy: f4 35 for rough heavy $4.50.44 yo for light. CATTLE—Market steady. Sale-t ranged :it $4 5u(g.j. 75 for beeves and feeders. SHEEP—Market steady. Sales ranged at 75 75 for sheep 40 for lambs. Receipts: Hogs, 13,00J cattle, 3U0 sheep, l.ooo Chicago Grain and Provisions WHAT TO DO WHEN SICK. In case of weak stomach, disordered liver, Impure blood, shattered nerves, bronchitis, lingering cough, or other affections which lead to consumption, Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery will ordinarily bring about rapid cure. If the trouble be deep seated and chronic, you had better write to Dr. R. V. Pierce, himself, at Buffalo, N. Y., telling him about your sickness. He will give you a e y carefully-con sidered advice, and charge no fee at all. His practice has been 60 widespread, and has covered so many forms of disease, that his free advice is likely to do you more good than that of a physician who charges nigh prices. Dr. Pierce Is also the head of the famed Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute, at Buffalo, N. Y., where hundreds of invalids and afflicted persons from all over the country go for treatment by the corps of specialists who are in conetant attendance. It is because of his vast practice that the I have used three bottles of Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery since my correspond ence with you and find great improvement in my case," writes Mr. A. F. Novotny, of New York, N. Y., (Box 1437). "I feel that I am in need of no more medical assistance. When I started to take your medicine I had a regular consumptive cough, of which 1 was afraid, and everybody cautioned and warned me concern Itig it. I was lofting weight rapidly, was very pale and had no appetite whatever. Now I do not cough at all, have gained eight pounds in weight, have recovered my healthy color, and my appetite is enormous. I can and will rec ommend your medicine to everybody who may be in need of the same, aa it is a sure cure, no humbug u are moat other patent medicines, and u far superior to all similar medicines." If the head aches, the trouble is pretty sure to be constipation or biliousness. Dr. Pierce's Pleasaat Pellets will care yon. OLD la, Aug. B. AGfc $2 2-j(g5 lu cows and heifers f3.7og.j.l5 for Texas steers §*.4oi4.75 for stockers (Joseph Chamberlain, for a joint inquiry CHICAGO, Aug. 5. CLO.iING I'HICES. WHEAT—September, ey}i®'iCgC De cember, 71Hjt71Jic May, 7I?-4 C. CORN*—August, 30 & September, 'i0% December, May. OATS—August, ll% September, December, l^Jg May, 'Jlj.c. POKK Augusr, ib.4 September, lb,'JO October, 8.55, January, *0.70 De cember, tit. BUTTER Creameries, l-}£'ijl7c^ dairies. 12(t£ POULTRY—Dressed turkeys, 7^'3SJ^ chickens, ^lic ducks, S&'Jc. PENSIONS. fiMtlon That Will B* Promlnant 1B th« N«it Parliament. LONDON, Aug. 7.—It is understood that one of the principal governm-nt measures of the coming sessions will le old age pensions, and there is ev^ry prospect of a hot fight over the bill. Many supporters of the government ar utterly opposed to what they term "so cialistic legislation." the taxpayers are ill anus against the prospective heavy demands upon their diminishing in comes, and it is pointed out that 110 matter how disastrous it turns out to be, such a measure could never be re pealed in a democratic country like England. It is recognized on every ?i le that increased expenditure will be ro 'ii site to meet the fierue rivalry of the United States and Europe, while sign are not lacking that Great Britain's in come is nearing high water, and there is a widespread feeling that this i u«• time to sacrifice millions, which n.iirht be f-pent in insuring the country again-t hostile fleets. As to the obi age eli sions scheme, many people think it would fatally decrease the sense of duty towards the family and render the citi zens less thrifty and energetic. The visit of Herr Fischer, the special agent of the Orange Free State to Pre toria is regarded hopefully. His influ ence is expected to lead President Kru ger to accept the proposal of the British secretary of state for the colonies, Mr. into the effect the franchise bill will have upon the outlanders. He was the spokesman of the Dutch party when the recent concessions were made by Presi dent Kruger. The condition of India continues sen Dus. Except in Bengal, practically no rain has fallen in Western or Southern India for nearly forty days. The Bom bay government is already considering means to cope with the famine, which will be severe unless rain soon comes. A famine would seriously interfere with the currency reforms. The natives say the luck of the viceroy of India, T-ord Curzon Kedleston. i./failing. Corena touce^ilon to (xerniany« BERLIN. Aug. 7.—A dispatch to The National Zeitung from Corea says the government of that country has granted a concession to a (jierman syndicate to build a railway from Seoul, the capital, to Gensau, in Broughton bay, on the west coast of Corea. lfeeil Sails For Rome. SOUTHA I'Tox, Aug. 7.—Among the passengers on board the American Line steamer St. Paul, which sailed for New ork were Ihomas 13. Heed, ex-speaker of the house of representatives Senator W. J. Sewell of New York, Mr. Daniel Frohman and Mr. Richard llroker. Open the door let in the air, lie winds are sweet, the flower ara fair, Joy is abroad in tde world for me, Since takiug Kocky Mountain Tea. ,, should be lost in taking Foley's Kidney doctor is so well fitted to successfully treat Cure, which is guaranteed or monev tL every form of disease. Do not feel that ~unded. 50o and fl.00 you are imposing upon him when you ask for free advice, because he wishes all to know that his medicines only are to be paid for—not his advice. THANK C. SMITH. '"DeWitt's Little Early Risers did me more good than all blood medicines and other pills,writes Geo. II. Jacobs, of Ihompson, Conn. Prompt, pleasant, never gripe,—they cure constipation, arouse the torpid liver to action and (five you clean blood, steady nerves, a clear brain and a healthy appetite. COOK &, OOU Tite Host Fatal •JiMe««». More adults die of kidney trouble than of any other disease. When the firat symptoms of this disease appear no time FRANK 8MRIH cJQP LAND Good Society, The Remorse of a Guilty Stomach and the demand for Lake County farms is increasing. search of a Good Home in a Good Clima where you can raise W^heat, Oats, Barlsy, Corn, Flax, Pot&t in fact everything adapted to this latitude, and where you can successfully cany on Dairying & Stock Raisin and where your family will have the advantages of Good Schools, then come and see me, and 1 will show you just what you want. are renting land now, paying $3 to $5 per acre annual rental, I show you just as good land and sell it to you at what you will pay out in rental, where you are, in three years, and will give you easy terms of payment. If you want a good location in Madison I have such for you. £k large ni ber of substantial buildings have been built in Hadison the past Correspondence Solicited. Henry Mcl.el.an, of Hamilton, 111., is a veteran of the 16th Illi nois Infantry. He said: F°r more than fifteen years I was a sufferer from gastritis in 1897 SCC day v Is the Basis of All ^Vea|| Good Church Facilitii son and the city is steadily growing in population. Chas. B. Kenned MADISON, SOUTH DAKOTA. its worst form. I was much reduced in flesh and strength and unable to attend to business. Finally my wife persuaded me to try l)r Wil liams' Pink Pills for Pale People and to my surprise I began to eet better. Three boxes effected a cure that has been permanent. When I began to take the pill3 I Wdghed 136pounds now I weigh 3- Tlles® pills did me more good than all the other medicine I have ever taken. e v. Md,nu.AN.»» «1A »^fCn Jtld Sworn to before °f Decembcr. -WAU.ACR, Notary Publit From the Presst Hamilton, ///. new» to tli** |,L)(i w hfe and rich- ixrvcs. They »r* «n .r?',,or« "battered wiK'h lim-iisoH r,"fxrific for P'lrulywH, Si! YitU8*dano»,r Pi*, rln'iinmtism nor»« »*ural. MNtetoe fiZZL? ry* fry Or. WW- H. v.. '1 If y0u will sea EncotsragiiH Word* for Oft yfSA Wy gratitude for the fccehrcd from Dr.Mtfcf fee prompts me to write* others m*y learn of of this grand medicine* feted extseme nervous tkn^which rendered,Tie* to work. My nervc5 ^r be 'on edge' and I hf? fl lassitude. I began talu Mile^ Nervine improred and now am DK.MIIJ*' fag #r 1 Br.MSM Metfsal