OCR Interpretation


The Madison daily leader. [volume] (Madison, S.D.) 1890-current, December 08, 1908, Image 2

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99062034/1908-12-08/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

W
i
Tf
ft ,*
?.."rc
r*
I &. ...
&
PC
&*"
1
1 4

Si
W
$ 4
4
V S 3
%th
i'
tiih
S^ti
MESSAGE.
-*4^1
lies Annual Kecommen
dations to Congress.
ATTACKS ANTI-TRUST LAW
Sherman Aet 8hould Be Amended to
Permit Combinations Which Arc In
tfee Interest of the Public, 8aya the
President Urge* Legislation to
Safeguard the Wageworkers-—Dwells
I on Need of Protection For Forestt.
Views en the Army and the Navy.
I
I Washington, Dec. 8.—In his message
ito congress, rend to the two booses,
jtbe president said:
1
Th« financial standing of the nation
at the present time 1b excellent, and
the financial management of the na
tion's Interests by the government dur
ing the last seven yeans has shown the
most satisfactory results. But our
currency system Is imperfect, and it
Is earnestly to be hoped that the cur
rency commission will be able to pro
pose a thoroughly good system which
»WII1 do away with the existing defects.
During the period from July 1, 1001,
ito Sept. 30, 1908, there has been a net
surplus of nearly one hundred millions
of receipts over expenditures, n reduc
tion of the Interest benring debt by
ninety millions, In spite of the extraor
dinary expense of the Panama canal
and a BaviDg of neurly nine millions
on the annual interest charge. This is
an exceedingly satisfactory showing.
There has been a reduction of taxa
tion.
4
Corporations.
A* regards the great corporations en
gaged in Interstate business, and espe
cially the railroads, I can only repent
what I have already again und again
Mid in my messages to the congress.
I believe that under the Interstate
clause of the constitution the United
States "has complete and paramount
right to control ail agencies of inter
state commerce, and I believe that the
national government alone can exer
cise this right with wisdom and ef
fectiveness so as both to secure Justice
from and to do Justice to the great
corporations which are the most im
portant factors in modern business. I
believe that it Is worse than folly to
attempt to prohibit all combinations,
as is done by the Sherman anti-trust
law, because such a law can be en
forced only Imperfectly and unequal
ly, and Its enforcement works almost
as much hardship ns good. I strongly
advocate that instead of an unwise
effort to prohibit all combinations there
ahall be substituted a law which shall
expressly permit combinations which
are in the Interest of the public, but
•ball at the same time give to some
agency of the national government full
power of control and supervision over
Item. One of the chief features of
this control should be securing entire
publicity in all matters which the pub
lic has a right to know and, further
more, the power, not by Judicial, but
ty executive, action to prevent or put
a stop to every form of improper fa
voritism or other wrongdoing.
The railways of the country should
be put completely under the interstate
commerce commission and removed
from the domain of the anti-trust law.
The power of the commission should
be made thoroughgoing, so that it
could exercise complete supervision
and control over the issue of securities
as well as over the raising and lower
ing of rates. As regards rates, at least
this power should be summary. Pow
er to make combinations and traffic
agreements should be explicitly con
ferred upon the railroads, the permis
sion of the commission being first
gained and the combination or agree
ment being published in all its de
tails. The Interests of the sharehold
ers, of the employees and of the ship
pers should all be guarded as against
one another. To give any oue of them
undue and improper consideration is
to do Injustice to the others. Rates
most be made as low as is compatible
with giving proper returns to all the
employees of the railroad, from the
highest to the lowest, and proper re
turns to the shareholders, but they
must not, for instance, be reduced in
Mich fashion as to necessitate a cut
In the wages of the employees or the
abolition of the proper and legitimate
profits of honest shareholders.
Telegraph and telephone companies
engaged in interstate business should
be put under the Jurisdiction of the in
terstate commerce commission.
Ample Rewarde For Intelligence.
It Is to the interest of all of us that
there should be a premium put upon
individual initiative and individual ca
pacity and an ample reward for the
great directing intelligences alone com
petent to manage the great business
operations of today. It is well to keep
in mind that exactly as the anarchist
Is the worst enemy of liberty and the
IMCttonaiy the worst enemy of order
th* men who defend the rights of
yceparty have most to fear from the
preajpOoers of great wealth, and the
put' wfco are championing popular
tights have most to fear from the
#Maagogvss who in the name of popu
ti would do wrong to and op
business men, honest men
for the success of either
-^w v^'SS.
v- v i*V
1-' 5rSiL "r-!* .'•
/v'i
A-
Its most effective effort in the shape
of an appeal to the old doctrine of
States' rights.
The proposal to make the national
jrovernraeut supremo over, nnd there
fore to give It complete control over,
the railroads and other instruments of
interstate commerce is merely a pro
posal to carry out to the letter one of
Labo*.
There are many matters affecting la
bor and the status of the \s ngeworker
to which I should like to draw your
attention. As far as possible I hope
to see a frank recognition of the ad
vantages conferred by machinery, or
ganization and division of labor, ac
companied by an effort to bring about
a larger share In the ownership by
wageworker of railway, mill and fac
tory. In farming this simply means
that wo wish to see the farmer own his
own land. We do not wish to see the
farms so large that they become the
property of absentee landlords who
farm them by tenants nor yet so small
that the farmer becomes like a Euro
pean peasant.
The depositors In our savings banks
now number over one-tenth of our en
tire population. These are all capital
ists who through the savings banks
loan their money to the workers—that
is, In many cases to themselves—to
carry on their vnrtous Industries.
Postal savings banks will make it easy
for the poorest to keep their savings
in. absolute safety. The regulation of
the national highways must be such
that they shall serve all people with
safer than at present for the man of
small means to Invest his money in
child labor, diminution of woman la- i
bor, shortening of hours of all me-
chnnlcal labor. Stock watering should
le prohibited, nnd stock gambling, so I
far as is possible, discouraged. There
should be a progressive Inheritance
tax on large fortunes. Industrial edu
cation should be encouraged.
Protection For Wageworkers.
There is one matter with which the
congress should deal at this session.
There should no longer be any palter
ing with the question of taking care
of the wageworkers who, under our
present Industrial system, become kill
ed, crippled or worn out as part of the
regular Incidents of a given business.
The object sought for could be achiev-
I renew my recommendation made
in a previous message that half holi
days be granted during the summer to
all wageworkers la government em
ploy'.
I also renew my recommendation
that the principle of the eight hour
day should as rapidly and as far as
practicable be extended to the entire
work being carried on by the govern
ment
The Courts.
I most earnestly urge upon the con
gress the duty of increasing the totally
Inadequate salaries now given to our
judges. On the whole, there is no
body of public servants who do as
valuable work nor whose moneyed
reward is so inadequate compared to
their work. Beginning with the su
preme court, the judges should havs
their salaries doubled.
It Is earnestly to be desired that
some method should be devised for do
ing away with the long delays which
How obtain in the administration of
Justice and which operate with pecul
iar severity against persons of small
means and favor only the very crimi
nals whom it is most desirable to pun
ish.
At the last election certain leaders
of organized labor made a violent and
sweeping attack upon the entire ju
diciary of the country, an attack
couched in such terms as to include
the most upright, honest and broad
mlmled judges no less than thoss of
narrower mind and more restricted
outlook. Last year before the house
committee on the judiciary these same
labor leaders formulated their de
mands. specifying the bill that con-
Wfttngtfoer necessarily invites I tained them, refusing all compromise,
rssrtlon again** the cause stating they wished the principle of
i that bill or nothing. They Insisted on
provision that in a labor dispute no
injunction should Issue except to pro
tect a property right and specifically
to government
it thaas gnat corporations makes
•%!:v
e
provided that the right to carry on
business should not be construod as a
property rignt. and In a second pro
vision their bill made legal In a labor
dispute any act or agreement by or
between two or more persons that
would not have been unlawful if done
by a single person. In other words,
this bill legalized blacklisting and boy
the prime purposes, if not the prime cotting In every form. The demand
purpose, for which the constitution
was founded, it does not represent
ftentraiization.
I believe that the more farsighted
corporations are themselves coming to
rocognize the unwisdom of the violent
hostility they have displayed during
the last few years to regulation and
control by the national government of
topiblmtioaa engaged in latarstafea buat
ness.
was made that there should be trial
by Jury In contempt cases, thereby
most seriously Impairing the authority
of the courts. All this represented a
course of policy which, if carried out,
would mean the enthronement of class
privilege In its crudest and must
brutal form and the destruction of
one of the most essential functions of
the Judiciary In all civilized lands.
The wageworkers, the workingmen,
the laboring men of the country, by the
way In which they repudiated the ef
fort to get them to cast their votes in
response to an appeal to class hatred
have
emphasized their sound patriotism
and
Americanism.
Courts Imperiled by Judges.
But the extreme reactionaries, the
persons who blind themselves to the
wrongs now nnd then committed by
the courts on laboring men, should
also think seriously as to what such a
movement as this portends. The
courts are jeoparded primarily by the
action of these federal and state
Judges who show inability or unwill
ingness to put a stop to the wrong
doing of very rich men under modern
industrial conditions.
There are certain decisions by va
rious courts which have been exceed
ingly detrimental to the rights of
wageworkers. This is true of all the
decisions that decide that men nnd
women are by the constitution "guar
anteed their liberty" to contract to
enter a dangerous occupation, or to
work an undesirable or improper num
ber of hours, or to work in unhealthy
surroundings, and therefore cannot re
cover damages when maimed In that
occupation and canuot be forbidden
to work what the legislature decides is
an excessive number of hours, or to
1
equal Justice. Corporate finances must
he supervised so as to make it far
ca??u
stocks. There must be prohibition of ^h1,^
often
ed to a measurable degree, as far as slons should be rendered Immediately
those killed or crippled are concerned, and the chance of delay minimized in
by proper employers' liability laws, every way.
As far as concerns those who have
been worn out, I call your attention to
the fact that definite steps toward pro
viding old age pensions hare been
taken in many of our private Indus
tries.
Pending a thoroughgoing investlga
tlon and action there is certain legls-
lntion which should be enacted at
once. The law passed at the last ses
sion of the congress granting com
pensation to certain classes of em
ployees of the government should be
extended to Include all employees of
the government nnd should be made
more liberal In Its terms. In this re
spect the generosity of the United
States toward its employees compares
most unfavorably with that of every
country in Europe—even the poorest
The terms of the act are also a
hardship in prohibiting payment In
cases where the accident is in any
way due to the negligence of the em
ployee. It Is inevitable that daily fa
miliarity with danger will lead men to
take chances that can be construed
Into negligence.
\h« *ork editions
the
legislature *lecldes to be un
a n u n
bel,0£
that substantial Injustice is
^"Ployees in conse-
quence of the custom of courts issu
lng temporary injunctions without no
tice to them and punishing them for
contempt of court In instances where,
as a matter of fact, they have no
knowledge of any proceedings. Pro
vision should be made that no injunc
tlon or temporary restraining order
issue otherwise than on notice, except
where Irreparable injury would other
wise result, and in such case a hear
ing on the merits of the order should
be had wlthiu a short fixed period,
and if not then continued after hear
ing it should forthwith lapse. Decl-
The courts are to be highly com
mended and stanchly upheld when
they set their faces against wrong
doing or tyranny by a majority, but
they are to be blamed when they
fail to recognize under a government
Uke ours the deliberate judgment of
maJority
as to a matter of legiti­
mate policy when duly expressed by
the legislature. The people should
not be permitted to pardon evil and
slipshod legislation on the theory that
the court will set it right. They should
be taught that the right way to get rid
of a bad law is to hare the legislature
repeal It and not to have the courts by
Ingenious hair splitting nullify it.
People Themselves to Blame.
For many of the shortcomings of
justice in our country onr people as a
whole are themselves to blame, and the
judges and Juries merely bear their
share together with the public as a
whole. It Is discreditable to us as a
people that there should be difficulty
In convicting murderers or in bringing
to justice men who as public servants
have been guilty of corruption or who
have profited by the corruption of pub
lic servants.
The huge wealth that has been ac
cumulated by a few Individuals of re
cent years, in what has amounted to
a social and industrial revolution, has
been as regards some of these individ
uals made possible only by the improp
er use of the modern corporation. Cor
porations are necessary Instruments of
modern business. They have been per
mitted to become a menace largely be
cause the governmental representatives
of the people have worked slowly In
providing for adequate control over
them.
Real damage has been done by the
manifold and conflicting interpreta
tions of the interstate commerce law.
Control over the great corporations do
ing interstate business can be effective
only if it Is rested with full power in
4.
Just as there are wise and unwise ex- mv »i
ecutives and legislators. When a!
president or governor behaves improp- Pf?visl""
erly or unwisely the remedy is easy,
for his term is short. The same is ^t(H\
true with the legislator, although not
to the same degree. With a judge
which he is in any way amenable are
public opinion and the action of his
fellow Judges. It Is the last which is
most immediately effective and to
which we should look for the reform
of abuses.
Forests.
If there is any one duty which more
than another we owe It to our children
and our children's children to perform
at once It is to save the forests of
this country, for they constitute the
first and most Important element In
the conservation of the natural re
sources of the country.
Shortsighted persons, or persons
blinded to the future by desire to
make money In every way out of the
preseut, sometimes speak as if no
great damage would be done by the
reckless destruction of our forests. It
Is difficult to have patience with the
arguments of these persons. Thanks
to our own recklessness in the use of
our splendid forests, we have already
crossed the verge of a timber famine
In this country, and no measures that
we now take can, at least for many
years, undo the mischief that has al
ready been done. But we can prevent
further mischief being done, and it
would be in the highest degree repre
hensible to let any consideration of
temporary convAilence or temporary
cost Interfere with such action, espe
cially as regards the national forests,
which the nation can now at this very
moment control.
[.The president here cites in support
of his contentions the great destruc
tion wrought in China by the denuda
tion of the forest areas.]
What has thus happened in northern
China, what has happened in central
Asia, in Palestine, in north Africa, in
parts of the Mediterranean countries
of Europe, will surely happen in our
country If we do not exercise that
wise forethought which should be one
of the chief marks of any people call
ing Itself civilized. Nothing should be
permitted to stand in the way of the
preservation of the forests, and it is
criminal to permit Individuals to pur
chase a little gain for themselves
through the destruction of forests
when this destruction is fatal to the
well being of the whole country In the
future.
Inland Waterways,
Action should be begun forthwith,
duriug the present session of congress,
for the Improvement of our lnlaud wa
terways-action which will result in
giving us not only navigable but
navigated rivers. We have spent
hundreds of millions of dollars upon
these waterways, yet the traffic on
nearly all of them is steadily declin
ing. This condition is the direct re
sult of the absence of any compre
henslre and farseelng plan of water
way Improrement. Obviously we can
not continue thus to expend the rev
enues of the government without re
turn. It is poor business to spend
money for Inland navigation unless
we get it
Such shortsighted, vacillating and
futile methods are accompanied by de
creasing water borne commerce and
increasing traffic congestion on land,
by increasing floods and by the waste
of public money. The remedy lies in
abandoning the methods which have
so signally failed and adopting new
ones In keeping with the needs and
demands of our people.
In a report on a measure Introduced
at the first session of the present con
gress the secretary of war said, "The
chief defect In the methods hitherto
pursued lies In the absence of execu
tive authority for originating compre
hensive plans covering the country or
natural divisions thereof." In this
opinion I heartily concur.
Until the work of river improvement
is undertaken In a modern way It can
not have results that will meet the
needs of this modern nation. These
needs should be met without further
dilly-dallying or delay. The plan which
promises the best and quickest results
N that of a permanent commission au
thorized to co-ordinate the work of all
the government departments relating
to waterways and to frame and super
vise the execution of a comprehensive
plan. The time for playing with our
waterways is past. The countrjr tfs
mands results.
National Parks.
I urge that all our national parks ad
jacent to national forests be placed
completely under the control of the
forest service of the agricultural de
partment, instead of leaving them, as
they are now, under the Interior de
partment and policed by the army.
Pure Food.
The pure food legislation has already
worked a benefit difficult to overesti
mate.
Secret Service.
Last year an amendment was Incor
porated in the measure providing for
the secret service which provided that
an administrative department,a branch there should be no detail from the se
of the federal executive, carrying out
cret
a federal law. It can never be ef- i j8
fectlye if a divided responsibility Is amendment has been of benefit only,
left in both the states and the nation.
It can never be effective if left in the
hands of the courts to be decided by
lawsuits.
The courts hold a place of peculiar
and deserved sanctity under our form
of government. Respect for the law is
essential to the permanence of our in
stitutions, and respect for the law is
largely conditioned upon respect for
the courts. But we must face the fact
that there are wise and unwise judges,
service and no transfer therefrom,
no^
too much to say that this
and muM l)e of ouly to
criminal classes. The amendment in
question was of benefit to no one ex
cepting to criminals, and it seriously
hampers the government in the detec
tion of crime and the securing of jus
tice. It prevents the promotion of em
ployees in the secret service, and this
further discourages good effort In Its
present form the restriction operates
only to the advantage of the criminal,
of wr0Qgtl0er
Thf
who, being human, ls also likely to secret service agents was partly
err, but \\bose tenure is for life, there
IS no similar way of holding him to
responsibility. Under ordinary condl-
tlons the only forms of pressure to *eUeve
"frument In favor of the
W(IS
,that
the
resPOIlK")'e
congressmen
vt's
wlsh to
by
?Trot
suc^
investi-
8ervlce
men- Ver? !lt"
investigation has been done
the
past'
but lt ls true that work
tpr the Indictment and COT-
vlct,oa of
A senator and a congressman
for land frauda 10
Oregon. I do not
that
tL-U r*
5
.•'••'.iiwP'll.'': .. /I I
to protect criminals in any branch of
the public service, and exactly as we
have again and again during the past
seven years prosecuted and convicted
such criminals who were in the execu
tive branch of the government so in
my belief we should be given ample
means to prosecute them if found in
the legislative branch. But if this is
not considered desirable a special ex
ception could be made in the law pro
hibiting the use of the secret service
force In investigating members of the
congress. It would be far better to do
this than to do what actually was done
and strive to prevent or at least to
hamper effective action against crim
inals by the executive branch of tee
government
Postal Savings Banks.
I again renew my recommendation
for postal savings banks, for deposit
ing savings with the security of the
government behind them. The object
Is to encourage thrift and economy In
the wage earner and person of mod
erate means. It is believed that in the
aggregate vast sums of money would
be brought into circulation through
the Instrumentality of the postal sav
ings banks. Postal savings banks are
now In operation In practically all the
great civilized countries with the ex
ception of the United States.
Parcel Post.
In my last annual message I com
mended the postmaster general's rec
ommendation for an extension of the
parcel post on the rural routes. The
establishment of a local parcel post
on rural routes would be to the mu
tual benefit of the farmer and the
country storekeeper, and it is desirable
that the routes, serving more than 15,
000,000 people, should be utilized to the
fullest practicable extent.
Education.
The share that the national govern
ment should take in the broad work of
education has not received the atten
tion and the care It rightly deserves.
I earnestly recommend that this un
fortunate state of affairs as regards
the national educational office be rem
edied by adequate appropriations.
Census.
I strongly urge that the request of
the director of the census In connec
tion with the decennial work so soon
to be begun be complied with and that
the appointments to the census force
bo placed under the civil service law,
Waiving the geographical requirements
as requested by the director of the
census. The supervisors and enumer
ators should not be appointed under
the civil service law for the reasons
given by the director.
Public Health.
The dangers to public health from
food adulteration and from many oth
er sources, such as the menace to the
physical, mental and moral develop
ment of children from child labor,
should be met and overcome. This na
tion cannot afford to lag behind in the
worldwide battle now being waged
by all civilized people with the micro
scopic foes of mankind. The first leg
islative step to be taken is that for the
t-oncentration of the proper bureaus
into one of the existing departments.
Statehood.
I advocate the immediate admission
if New Mexico and Arizona as states.
Tiiis should be done at the present ses
sion of the congress. The people of
the two territories have made it evi
dent by their votes that they will not
come in as one state. The only alter
native is to admit them as two, and I
trust that this will be done without
delay.
Foreign Affairs.
This nation's foreign policy Is based
on the theory that right must be done
between nations precisely as between
individuals, and in our actions for the
last ten years we have In this matter
proved our faith by our deeds. We
have behaved and are behaving to
ward other nations as in private life an
honorable man would behave toward
his fellows.
Latin American Republics.
The commercial and material prog
ress of the twenty Latin American re
publics is worthy of the careful atten
tion of the congress. No other section
of the world has shown a greater pro
portionate development of its foreign
trade during the last ten years, and
none other has more special claims on
the Interest of the United States.
Panama Canal.
The work on the Panama canal Is be
ing done with a speed, efficiency and
entire devotion to duty which make It
a model for all work of the kind. No
task of such magnitude has ever before
been undertaken by any nation, and no
task of the kind has ever been better
performed. The men on the Isthmus,
from Colonel Goethals and his fellow
commissioners through the entire list
of employees who are faithfully doing
their duty, have won their right to the
ungrudging respect and gratitude Of
the American people.
Ocean Mail Lines.
I again recommend the extension of
the ocean mail act of 18i)l so that sat
isfactory American ocean mail lines to
South America. Asia, the Philippines
nnd Australasia may be established.
The creation of such steamship lines
shonld be the natural corollary of the
voyage of the battle fieet it should
precede the opening of the Panama
canaL
The Philippines.
Real progress toward self govern
ment is being made in the Philippine
islands. The gathering of a Philippine
legislative body and Philippine assem
bly marks a process absolutely new in
Asia, not only as regards Asiatic colo
nies of European powers, but as re
gards Asiatic possessions of other Asi
atic powers, and indeed, always ex
cepting the striking and wonderful ex
lunple afforded by the great empire of i
public Interest Japan, It opens an entirely new da-"
BREAD and CAKE
Raised with
Royal Baking Powder
Porto Rico.
I again recommend that American
citizenship be conferred upon the peo
ple of Torto Rico.
Cuba.
In Cuba our occupancy will cease in
about two months' time. The Cubans
have In orderly manner elected their
own governmental authorities, and the
island will be turned over to them.
Our occupation on this occasion has
lasted a little over two years, and
Cuba has thriven and prospered under
lt Our earnest hope and one desire
is that the people of the island shall
The Amy*
As regards the army, I call attention
to the fact that, while our junior offi
cers and enlisted meu stand very high,
the preseut system of promotion by
seniority results in bringing into the
higher grades many men of mediocre
capacity who have but a short time to
serve. No man should regard it as
his vested right to rise to the highest
rank in the army any more than in
any other profession.
The scope of retiring boards should
be extended so that they could con
sider general unfitness to command
for any cause in order to secure a far
more rigid enforcement than at pres
ent in the elimination of officers for
mental, physical or temperamental
disabilities. But this plan ls recom
mended only if the congress do®s not
see fit to provide what in my judg
ment is far better—that is, for selec
tion in promotion and for elimination
for age.
Now that the organized militia, the
Right
Ml
—delicate hot-biscuit, hot rolls,
doughnuts, puddings and crusts—are not
only anti-dyspeptic in themselves, but aid
the digestion of other foods with which
they assimilate in the stomach—the joint,
the game, the entree—important parts of
every meal.
Royal Baking Powder makes the food
finer flavored, more tasty, more healthful.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., NEW YORK.
pariure when ciiu.r.aivsl with anything
which has hnppoucd among Asiatic
powers which are their own masters.
We have given the Filipinos constitu
tional government, a government based
upon justice, and we have shown that
we have governed them for their good
and not for obr aggrandizement
At the present time, as during the
past ten years, the inexorable logic of
facts shows that this government
must be supplied by us and not by
them. We must be wise and gener
ous. We must help the Filipinos to
master the difficult art of self con
trol, which Is simply another name for
self government But we cannot give
them self government save in the
sense of governing them so that grad
ually they may, if they are able, learn
to govern themselves. No one can
prophesy the exact date when It will
be wise to consider independence as
a fixed and definite policy.
the baking
v*'' i
\v
y
V*
.......
do every rcusnuuble thing in its pow1
er to perfect Its efficiency.
A bill ls now pending before the
congress creating a number of extra
officers in the army, which, if passnd,
as it ought to be. will enable more of
ficers to be trained as Instructors of
national guard nnd assigned to that
duty.
There should be legislation to pro
vide a complete plan for organis
ing the great body of volunteers ba»
hind the regular army and national
guard when war has come. While
teams representing the United States
won the rifle and revolver champion
ships of the world against all corners
in England this year, lt is unfortunate
ly true that the great body of our citl
eens shoot less and less as time goes
on.
To meet this we should encourage
rifle practice among schoolboys a ad
Indeed among all classes, as well as
In the military services, by every
means in our power.
The Navy.
I approve the recommendations of
the general board for the increase of
the navy, calling especial attention to
the need of additional destroyers and
colliers and. above all, of the four bat
tleships. It is desirable to complete
as soon as possible a squadron of eight
battleships of the best existing type.
The North Dakota, Delaware, Florida
and Utah will form the first divisldi
of this squadron.
I most earnestly recommend that the
now govern themselves with justice, general board be by law turned into
so that peace and order may be se
cure.
The Fleet's Reception.
I take this opportunity publicly to
state my appreciation of the way In
which in Japan, in Australia, in New
Zealand and in all the states of South
America the battle fleet has been re
ceived on its practice voyage around
the world. The American government
cannot too strongly express its appre
ciation of the abouuding and generous
hospitality shown our ships in every
port they visited.
a general staff. The** ls literally no
excuse whatever for continuing the
present bureau organization of the
navy. The navy should be treated as
a purely military organization, and
everything should be subordinated to
the one object of securing military
efficiency. A system of promotion by
merit either by selection or by ex
clusion or by both processes, should be
Introduced.
Nothing better for the navy from
every standpoint has ever occurred
than the cruise of the battle fleet
around the world. The improvement
of the ships In every way has been ex
traordinary, and they hare gained far
more experience in battle tactics than
they would have gained if they had
stayed in the Atlantic waters. I do
not believe that there is any other
service in the world in which the
average of character and efficiency In
the enlisted men is as high as ls now
the case in our own. I believe that the
same statement can be made as to our
officers, taken as a whole, but there
must be a reservation made in regard
to those in the highest ranks and In
regard to those who have Just entered
the service, because we do not now
get full benefit from our excellent
naval school at Annapolis.
Arbitration Treaty With Peru.
Washington, Dec. 7.—Secretary of
State Root has signed an arbitration
treaty with Mr. Pardo, the minister
froifa Peru. The treaty follows Unas
of those negotiated by the state de-
national guard, has been incorporated partment with various European co\Xfr
with the army as a part of the national
4rios u 18 the first
forces it behooves the coverninent to S°uth American state.
that is where Calumet
Baking Powder proves
its superiority} its
wonderful raising power its neter-failine abifity
to produce the most delicious baking—and
its
economy, la die hafciag—that
signed with aBJT
is the only way
you can successfully test it and compare it with the
high price kinds.
YM cannot
statements until you have tried
discredit these
CALUMET
the only high grade baking powder telling at a modem*
cost. $1,000.00 is offered to anyone finding the lent
trace of impurity, in the baking, caused by Calumet.
Ask your Grocer—and insist that you get '"ihmut
RecmJ Highest Award Warld's PǤ
F*d Em-Hfaa, CUcuo, 1907.
Y
n
i
A*-'
'fO
tX K:
A".
I

xml | txt