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The Madison daily leader. [volume] (Madison, S.D.) 1890-current, December 31, 1908, Image 4

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99062034/1908-12-31/ed-1/seq-4/

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STABILITY OF
f-M
GATUN DAM
Official Report as to This Part of
Panama Canal.
THE SINKING WAS EXPECTED.
ttafcmterrt Ma to *h« Rock Tee," Wfcote
8«ttling Caused Serioua Rumors.
Purpose of th» Dam and Explana
tion of Its C*nttrMtion-|4|t Lake
llndar Ita Sits.
Explaining the settling of the rock
"to*," which started the rumor that
the foundation of the On tun dam was
sinking and tlmt a subterranean lake
bud been discovered under the canal,
an event that was cxpected, a re
port has been made to the authorities
at Washington which. It la hoped, will
dispel any apprehension.
A portion of this "toe" on the up
stream end of the dam sank about
forty feet on
NOT. 21.
During several
weeks prior to this date a slide under
the high trestle of the relocated Pan
ama railroad at Gatun made neces
sary the dumping of an additional
quantity of rock before the roadbed
was brought up to grade. On Nov.
15
the Chagres river flooded the tracks
at Gatun. At the same time the ru
mor of having discovered a subterra
nean lake on the site of Gatun dam
and beneath it came out The report
ssys in part:
"The purpose of the dam at Oatun
Is to Impound the waters of the
Chagres (an artificial) lake that will
form in the valley of the Chagres riv
er. This dam will extend from one
ridge of hills west across the valley
to the ridge on the hills east and will
be one and a half miles long. At the
extreme east end the locks are being
built through a small hill on which
abuts the dam. The dam itself is di
vided into two parts, from the site of
the locks to the spillway, the other
from the spillway to the hills west.
The spillway will be located through
a small hill that rises in the middle
of the dam. A temporary spillway
800 feet wide, which will let the
Chagres flow during the construction,
Is completed and concrete laid there
early in January. There are three old
channels running through the dam
site.
"The plan for constructing the dam
Is to pump sand and clay upon the
site selected until the hill Is 135 feet
above sea level and 1,700 feet wide
across the valley. This sand and clay
have been found in large quantities
down the Chagres valley, convenient
to the site, and have proved to be
good material for a dam. The dam
will be made by suction dredges,
which will pump the material mixed
with water upon the site, and the wa
ter running off will leave a cloBely
homogeneous material. For the pur
pose of adding weight to the dam and
to prevent material from sliding north
and south, as a great mass of earth
Is likely to do, two walls, or toea, are
being built across the valley.
•The north or downstream toe is
composed of rocks and earth taken at
the site of the locks. The south or
upstream toe is composed of hard
rock taken from the cut at Bas Obis
po. The ridge of Bas Obispo rock
tMrty feet broad at the top and when
completed will be sixty feet high.
has reached that height in one placf
and has one to one and a half slope.
"Between the north and south toes
8,000,000 cubic yards of clay and sand
from the Chagres valley will be pump
ed. The object of these toes is to hold
the material of the hydraulic fill until
the water has drained off.
"The rock wall of the south toe has
been extended to the spillway, closing
the old channel of the Chagres and
east diversion beside the old French
eanal, the river finding an outlet
through the east diversion dug by the
French. The old French canal crosses
the Chagres at five different places be
tween Bohlo and Gatun, and it is
through that channel that the greatest
part of the Chagres flows to Gatun.
"A short distance above the dam the
Gatundllo flows into the Chagres. The
building of the toe forces the water of
the Gatunclllo and that of the French
channel or canal to seek an outlet at
a right angle to Its natural course, and
it has caused the flats south of Gatun
to be flooded when heavy rains occur,
as the diversion of the French canal
is not wide enough to receive the
quantity of water that flows down the
•alley and floods the lower parts. The
hitrh water of Nov. 15 was simply the
repetition of what happened several
times during this rainy season, flood
ing the flats of Gatun on the south of
it, and It was unusually high, as the
water rose in some places as much as
eight Inches above the rails.
Halfway between the foot of the
east hill and the spillway the old
fttench canal channel runs through
dam site.'but It has been closed by
conduction of the south toe. The
and "soft mud that lmd collected
lb the bottom of this channel for the
fast twenty years were not removed
when the construction of the toe was
begun, and when the welsrht of the
I*ck became ^reiit enough It displaced
the soft bottom of the old channel
and forced it up i'on feet north of the
toe Into the site of the dam.
"This was anticipated and desired.
It Is also anticipated that other parts
Of the toe ainv settle In the same way.
The more lh?v settle the firmer will
be the foundation of the toe, for the
u vr.VU'
I
i jjSL

A1
result Is simply what it would hart
"Ibec'U if a big trench had been dug
Across the valley down to the stratum
of Ktiff clay which underlies the dam
sit^ and had then been tilled with
Btone. The work on the darn is not in
any way interrupted by these small
settlings. Hock will be dumped until
the toe has reached the desired height
of sixty f«-ct, and each settling will
only result in more rock being dump
ed there until the -solid foundation is
reached and an equilibrium estab
lished.
"The idea that there is a lake under
the site of Gatun dam probably orig
inated from the fact that the borings
made at close Intervals all over the
dam site revealed water in about 10
per cent of the holeB sunk. The re
sults of these borings were published
Sept. 2, 1908, and nothing has devel
oped further. The report on these ex
plorations, which will appear in the
annual report of the chairman and
chief engineer to congress, covers the
matter thoroughly from a technical
standpoint. Briefly, It shows that wa
ter under pressure was found in sev
eral places under the dam site.
"The fact that there was no commu
nication between the various holes
shows beyond question that the water
under the dam site Is In pockets and
is not a pool or lake, and the fact that
the water was under pressure and rose
In the test holes shows that it has no
outlet. In addition to the borings two
test pits were sunk 100 feet below sea
level, and they merely confirmed what
the borings had already shown—that
the dam Is being built on a very firm
foundation of Impervious clay.
"What is true of the foundation of
the dam is also true of the foundation
of the locks. There is no question at
all of its satisfactory character. The
locks are being constructed in a series
of three double locks, making a rise
from sea level to the elghty-flve foot
level of the Gatun lake. Each lock is
1,000 feet long, 110 feet broad at the
entrance and 411-3 feet deep in fresh
water over the sills.
"The excavation for the south or up
per lock Is practically completed, and
the concrete work will be begun as
soon as the power handling and mix
ing plants are delivered on the isth
mus and can be put in running order.
The excavation in the second and third
locks involves the removal of 1,400,000
cubic j'ards of material by steam shov
els and 400,000 cubic yards by suction
dredges. The steam shovel work is al
ready well advanced, and the dredging
will be begun soon.
"The locks will be built entirely of
concrete, forming a series of three wa
ter tight boxes, each divided into two
parts. Beneath the level of the floor
of the upper and second locks a cur
tain wall will be sunk to a sufficient
depth to keep out whatever water Is
now finding or is likely to find its out
let beneath the lock site. The excava
tion on the curtain walls will be begun
In a few ^eeks. The plans for the
locks have lieen completed In all but a
few details. The stone and sand nec
essary can be delivered at the handling
plant In Gatun as soon as they are re
quired.
"The slide on the relocated line of
the Panama railroad at Gatun is simi
lar to those which occurred at Cuca
racha and at other points along Cule
bra cut and at Mlraflores tunnel. It is
caused by the earth, which has become
saturated from the excessive rains and
has been burdened with the weight of
the fill, sliding on the surface of the
rock, which underlies it. This slide
has reached Its angle of repose for the
present, but it is expected that during
the next rainy season, when the fill Is
continued to the ninety-five foot grade,
the slide wi'T begin again. More mate
rial will then be dumped Into the de
pression, and the filling will be con
tinued until the material has reached
its angle o repose, when no further
trouble is expected.**
GRAIN
AND
PROVISION PRICES
Minneapolis
Wheat.
Minneapolis, Dec. 29.—Wheat—Dec..
$1.08 May, $1.10%@1.10%. On track
—No. 1 hard, [email protected]% No. 1
Northern, [email protected]% No. 2 North
ern. [email protected] No. Northern,
|K0^.1.06.
(Duluth Wheat and Flax.
Duluth, Dec. 29.—Wheat—To arrive
and on track—No. 1 hard, $1.11% No.
1 Northern, $1.10% No. 2 Northern,
$1.08% Dec., $1.0914 May, $1.10%
July. $1.10%. Flax—To arrive and on
track, $1.47% Dec., $1.47 May, $1.
48%.
St Paul Union Stock Yards.
St. Paul, Dec. 29.—Cattle—Good to
choice steers, [email protected] fair to good,
$4.506/5.25 good to choice cows and
heifers, $3.2T»?i 4.50 veals, [email protected]
Hogs—$5.00(35.80. Sheep—Wethers,
[email protected] yearlings,
spring lambs, $6.25
Chicago Grain and Provisions.
Chicago, Dec. 29.—Wheat—Dec,, $1.
03% May, $1.07% July. Sept.,
96c. Corn—Dec., 57%c May, 61
61 %c July, 61%c Sept., 61 \c. Oats
—Dec., 49%c May, 51%c July,
46-?»c Sept., 39%@39%c. Pork—Dec.,
$14.50 Jan., $16.27%@16.30 May,
$16.50. Butter—Creameries, [email protected]
dairies, [email protected] Eggs—30c. Poul
try—Turkeys, 16c chickens, ll%c
springs, 13c.
Chicago Union Stoek Yard*.
Chicago, Dec. 29—Cattle—Beeves,
$3,655/7.70 Tosans, $3.ft(y4.45 West
err. cattle, $3.60£i5.6o stackers and
feeders, $2.70^ 4.80 cows and helfo«p,
$1,505 /. 8.00 calves. $6.50#9.00. Hog
—Light. $5.05 5.80 mixed, $5.45{£'
6.00 heavy, $S.45ft6.05: rough, $5.45
fr5.K0 good to choice heavy, $5.60
'7?6.05 piss, $4.00© 3.70. Sheep, $2.60
©4.85 yearlings, $C [email protected] lambs, i
$4.60 @7.75.
r. 'V /T
V*
MAY PROVE FATAL
When Will Madison Peopfe
Learn the Importance
of It?
Backache if only a simple thing at
first,
But when you know 'tis from the
kidneys
Tbat serious kldn«y trlRblea fol
low
Tbat diabetes, Bright's disease may
be the fatal end.
You will gladly profit by tbe follow
ing ejperience.
Ja men H. Bishop, retired, Clark St.,
Dell Rapids, S. D., gays: "I willinsr
lv endorse Doan's Kidney Pills. 1
suffered for many years from dull.
Krinding pains in the small of my back
and was always weak and miserable.
As time parsed, ujj- case #rew wor.-e
and tbe kidney secretions uecaiue so
frequent that 1 was forced to arne sev
eral timeH during the nipbt. About
six months ago a friend advised me
to try Doan's Kidney Pills and I pro
cured a box. 1 now feel a great deal
better.''
For sal* by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Milburn Co., Buffalo.
New York, sole agents for tbe Onited
States.
Remember the wams -Doaa's—and
take no other.
Notice of Healing Petition for Letters
of Administration.
State of South Dakota, county of
Lake, bs. In county court in the mat
ter of the estate of Eetos Davault. ie
ceased. The state of South Dakota
sends greetings to Amelia Davault.
John Davault, Ideth Davault. Kail
Davault and Lois Davault, heirs at
law and next of kin Estus Davanlt,
deceased, and to all whom these pre
sents may come.
Notice ig hereby given tbat Amelia
Davault has filed with the judge of
this court,a petition praying for letter-,
of administration of the estate of Estnn
Davault, deceased, and tbat Monday,
tbe 4th day of January, 1900, at
o'clock p. m., of said day, being a dav
of a regular term of this court, to wit
of the January term, 190D, at tbe oflice
of the county judge in tbe city of
Madison, .onntv of Lake, has been set
for bearing Haid petition, when and
where anv person interested may ap
pear and show cause why the said pe
tition should not be granted.
Dated at Madison, S. this 14th
day of December, A. D. 1908.
—J. F. Blewitt,
Judge of the County Court.
Attest.
—F. R. VanSlvke, Clerk.
Hans (Jrdahl, Attorney lot peti
tioner.
Coughs tbat are tight, or stressing
tickling conghs, get quick and certain
held from Dr. Shoop's Cough Kemed.
On this account druggists everywhere
are favoring Dr. Shoop's Cough Keni
edy. And it iseutirely free from Opium
Chlorofootn or any other stupefying
drug. The tender leaves of a harmless
lung healing mountainous shrub give to
Dr. Shoop's Cough Remedy its curative
properties. Those leaves have the pow
er to cure the most distressing cough,
and to soOfche and to heal the most sen
sitive brotuMiial membrane. Moth- r's
should, for safety's sake alone, always
demand D-. Beoop's. It can with per
feet freedom be given to even the
youngest babes. Test it once yourself
and see! Sold by Chris Schutx.
The old fashioned way of dosing a
weak stomach or stimulating the Heart
or Kidneys is all wrong Dr. Shoop tirst
pointed out this error. This is why his
prescription- D~. Shoop's Restorative
is directed entirely to the cause of these
ailments the weak inside or control
ling nerves. It isn't so difficult, sas
Dr. Shoop, to strengthen a w^ak Stoni
ach, Heart or Kidneys, if one goes at it
correctly. Kaoh int-ide organ has its
controlling or inside nerve Whnn thene
nerves fail, then these organs must sure
ly falter. These vital truths are leading
druggists every where to Hispense and
recommend Di. Shoop's Restorative.
Test it a few days, and see! Improvo
ment will surely and promptly follow,
sold by Chris Schuts,
Mrs. McRanejr's Experience
Mrs. M. McRsney. Prentiss, Mies.,
writes: "1 was confined to my i ed for
three months with kidney and bladder
trouble and was treated by tMO physic
ivns but failed to get relief. No human
tongue can tell how I suffered, and
had given up hope of ever getting well
nntil I began taking Foley's Kidney
emedy. After taking two bottles I felt
like a new person, and feel it my duty to
tell suffering women what Foley's Kid
ney Remedy did for me." J, H. Ander
son.
H0TTENT0TSJ&N WARPATH
Another Outbreak in German South
west Africa.
Capetown, Dec. 2.)—The Hottentots
in Oerman Southwest Africa are again
on fhi- warpath They recently raid
ed some emtio post* noir the liechu
an a I ami bonier and murdered two
Europeans. Seven German soldiers
gent In pursuit of th» raiders were al!
nhot down bv rhe Hottentots There
Is r^at anxiety among lh« local resi
rlei t*
AN
UNSURPASSED
REMEDY!
Ptao's Cure

an
unwutmwd
re­
medy (of rough*, cold*. MoniliitM,
•athma, hoaraeneaa and thioal and
lunf affection*. Il fori direct Jo
iba seat at the trouble and generally
raatoreaheahhy condition* Mot Ken
can tiKathw children Piao'a Cure
with perfect confidence in iti curative
power* tad freedom from oputaa.
Famoua foe half a century.
At all dnseeku', 28 eta.
heow
1
W\'
&
..
$*.4
V
v
2"
iA
4
.M.,
4
CATARRH
W-EEVER
if WW?
ELY'S
CREAM
BALM
8uro to Give Satisfaction.
I V E 8 E I E A O N E
It cleanses, soothes, heals and protects the
diseased membrane resulting from Catarrh
ami drives away a Cold in the Head quickly.
Restores the Senses of Ta-ste and HineiL
Easy to use. Coutains no injurious drugs
Applied into the nostrils and absorbed.
Large Size, 50 cents at Druggists or ly
mail. Liquid Cream Balm for use in
atomizers, 75 cents.
ELY BROTHERS, 56 Warren St.. New Yorfc
DON'T
BLAME HER
wt
~JU
For she cannot help it. omen are
often cross, irritable, Hysteric, and
declare they are driven to distrac
tion at the slightest provocation.
Men eannot understand why this
should be so. To them it is a mys
tery because in nine times out ol
ten this condition is caused by
a
serious feminine derangement.
A remedy is necessary which acta
direct ly upon the organs afflicted, re
storing a healthy normal condition to
the feminine system, which will
quickly disall hysterical, nervoug
and irritable conditions. Such is
LYDIA E.PINKHAM'S
VEGETABLE COMPOUND
lhe following letter bei'Vcs to
prove this fact.
Mrs. Mattie Copenhaver, 815 So.
21st St., Parsons, Karts., writes:
"For two years I suffered from the
worst forms of feminine ills, until I
was almost driven frantic. Nothing
but morphine would relieve me. Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound
brought me health and happiness and
made me a well \t!iin iii."
FACTS FOR SICK WOMEN.
For thirty years Lydia E. Pink
ham's Vegetable Comiound, made
from roots and herbs, has been the
standard remedy for female ills,
and has positively cured thousands ot
women who have leen troubled with
displacements, inflammation, ulcera
tion, fibroid tumors, irregularities,
periodic pains, baekaehe, that bear
ing-down feeling, flatulency,indiges
tion, i /.zi
ness, n ne vous prostration.
Whv don't vou trv it?
rs. Pink ham invites all sick
women to write lier for advice.
She lias guided thousands to
health. Address Lynn, Mass.
Prohibition Chairmen Confer.
Chicago, Dec. 30.—State chairmen
of the Prohibition party in Illinois, In
diana, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa,
Missouri, New York and Ohio met
here and conferred with National
Chairman Jones on political and pub
licity- plans for the next four years.
Similar conferences wllV 4m takt In
other parts of the countrf.
j.jk
Idaho Town Badly Scorched.
Boise, Ida., Dec. 30.—Eight business
buildings in Silver City, the leading
mining camp of Southern Idaho, were
destroyed by fire and dynamUe. A
number of buildings were blown up
with dynamite in order to save the
town. Chinamen caught looting were
driven —+v noint of revolvers.
mm
f07 MAK BY rMl
HCfW
BAKING
CHICAGO
Indifferent Leavening
Residue of Rochelle Salts
Most Leavening Power
Purest Ingredients
Moderate Price
re people are taking Foley's Kid
ney Remedy every year. It is consid
ered to he the most effective remedy for
kidney and bladder troubles that uud
leal science can do vise. F'lev's Kidney
Remedy corrects irregularities, build*
up worn out tissues ar restores lost vi
tality. It will make you feel well and
look well. J. H. Anderson.
Rheumatism
1 have found a tried and tested cure for Rheu
matism Not a remedy that will straighten the
listorted limbs of chronic cripples, nor turn bony
growths hack to flesh again. That is impossible.
Mut I can now surely kill the pains and paii*» of
this d"ilonible disease.
In Germany—with a Chemist in the City of
Diinrwtailt—
1 found the last ingredient with
which lr. Shoop's Rheumatic Remedy was made
a perfected, dependable prescription. Without
that last ingredient. I successfully treated many,
many cases of Rheumatism: but now. at last, it uni
formly cures all curable cases of this heretofore
much dreaded disease. Those sand-like granular
wastes, found in Rheumatic Blood seem to dissolve
and pass away under the action of this remedy as
freely as does sugar when added to pure water.
And then, when dissolved, these poisonous wastes
freely pass from the system, and the cause of
Rheumatism is gone forever. There is now no
real need—no actual excuse to suffer longer with
out help. We sell, and In confidanoe recommend
Dr. Shoop's
Rheumatic Remedy
SCHUTZ & KETCHAM
The
Baking Powder
Story in a nut-shell.
High Price
Cheap
Baking
Adulteration
Impurity
Unhealthfulness
Powd#
Trust
Baking
Powder
CALUMET
BAKING
POWDER
Ranhrad Highest Award
World's Pur* Food Efpontioa
Chicago* 1907.
LAND IS THE BASIS OF
ALL WEALTH
and the demand lor Lake County farms is increasing. II you
are search of
Home in a Good Climate
you
where you can raise Wheat, Oats Barley Cortt, ?otatoes and in
fact everything adapted to this latitur'f} and wheie
QUI
successfully carry on
Dairying & Stock
and where your family will have the advantages ot
GOOD SOCIETY GOOD SCHOOLS
GOOD CHURCE FACILITIES
Then come and see me, and I will show "ou iust what you want
II you are renting land now, paying $3 to $5 annual
rental I will show you iusi as good land and sell
it to you at what you wil pay out in rental
where you are in three ye'x.rs, and
will give you easy terms ot payment
If you want a geed location in Madison I have such for vou.
A lar*e number of substantial buildings have been built
in Mad is cm the past set sen arid the cit^ is steadily
growing hi population.
Correspondence Solicited
Chas. B. Kennedy,
MADISON, SOUTH DAKOTA.
"ST
Wfeere ym
It (Ke Ump lor th* ttadotl or
reader.
It give*
l*HONE
V?
St*
"V'
-rl,
w i'Jv".
WMI
R—
Wfaea yon want II—
No smoke—no smell—no trouble.
Often you want heat in a hurry
in some room in the house the fur
nace does not reach. It's so easy lo
jack up and carry a
PERFECTION Oil Healer
(Equipped witli Smokeless Device)
It die room you want to heat—suitable {or any room in the
house. It has a real smokeless device absolutely preventing
smoke or smell—turn the wick as high as you can or
as low as'you like—brass font holds 4 quarts ol oil
that gives out glowing heat lor 9 hours. Fin
ished in japan and nickel—an ornament
anywhere. Every heater warranted.
Thty3ay&Lamp
a hrilliaat tlaij light
thai
nukes study a ieasura.
Mad*
with the latest improved central
gi bran, nickel plated and
draft
equipped
burner. Every Ump warranted.
II you cannot obtain (he Perfection Oil Heater or Rayo Lamp irea
your dealer write to our nearest agency lor descriptive circalar,
STANDARD OIL, COHPANT
(lannwatai)
InummmflnwN \\\\\\u\\\\\\\\\\um\\\\\\\\m\\\\\\uwww
E. W. KETCHAfl
will deliver promptly to any part of the city
Uu» beat of
HARD AND SOFT COAL
f-L- ^•5. ty:*
lflif iIWiiii rrlaiifc
I Hi!
+J2H
JA
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