OCR Interpretation

The Madison daily leader. [volume] (Madison, S.D.) 1890-current, January 06, 1909, Image 4

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99062034/1909-01-06/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for


K, .!??
'Continued from First page.
legislature authorize the sale of $100,
000 In capitol building bonds to run
for ten years, to be issued by the
state and paid out of a regular siuklng
fund, to be reimbursed, however, out
of the proceeds of the sale of public
building lands whenever the same can
be sold without muacccLsary loss to
the State.
Taxation of Public Utilities.
Under the law passed by the legis
lature of 1907, relating to the assess
ment and taxation of the property of
railway, telegraph, telephone, express
and Bleeping car companies, the state
board of assessment has been able to
procure much additional information
regarding the value of the property
of railways and other public service
corporations in the stale, pnd to as
teas the terminals and structures of
the railway companies situated within
the limits of incorporated cities and
towns. The law has proven to be a
most excellent one.
In 1907 the board raised the asseas
ttient of the express companies from
$139,298 (the assessment of 1906,) to
1261,177, and in 1908 it raised the as
sessment to $328,365—an increaae of
bearly 40 per cent over 1907.
In 1907 it assessed the property of
the railroads at $21,654,700, an in
crease of 44.71 per cent over the valu
ation of 1906, which was $14,962,560,
|md In 1908 it assessed the railroad
frojferty at $28,202,467, an increase
Over 1907 of 30.23 per cent.
In 1907 it equalized the valuation
t{ lands at $160,130,428, which was
19.89 per cent higher than in 1906,
land it raised the assessment of town
lots 4.37 per cent above the valuation
of 1906. In 1908 it equalized the val
uation of lands at $172,608,646, which
lis 7.78 per cent higher than the val
u at ion of 1907, and it raised -the as
sessment of town lots 6.55 per cent
isver 1907. It raised the assessment
of sh*res of bank stock over 1907
9814,228, all Increase of 34.9 per cent.
In applying the same ratio of value
to personal property, as returned, the
Btate board in 1907 raised the as
sessed valuation of all personal prop
erty over the valuation of 1907, 4.07
per cent.
The general results are, however,
from satisfactory. Owinc to the
incomplete and often misleading char
acter of the returns made and the un
reliability of information received, in
justice is frequently done to individ
ual owners by the action of the state
board. A very large amount of prop
erty Is not returned at all and con
sequently eaoapea all the burdens of
Non-Partlean Tax Commlaeien.
Millions of dollars deposited in the
(banks or loaned out on interest bear
ing securities are not listed by the
M*eesor and cannot be reached by
the state board.
Besides this, there la another class
Of property that cannot be adequately
assessed by listing and placing a value
upon the physical property returned
fey it. For instance, the express com
panies, which own little property in
the state, yet derive large incomes
from business beginning and ending
In the state.
The revenue lqpr of South Dakota
does not furnish a remedy for these
plarlng defects. I heartily agree with
outgoing state treasurer in the
advocacy of a law creatiug a non
artisan, appointive tax commission.
Ma whole subject is one of such far
teaching importance and involves so
ach careful Investigation and work,
I am convinced that we should
follow Minnesota and Wisconsin,
Where a non-partisan tax commission
lias worked out the problem to the
Satisfaction of the people.
Since the enactment of the law of
31907, relating to the assessment and
taxation of corporate property, the
public service corporations have been
{axed upon much higher valuations
than before and I believe they are
fiow paying their reasonable share of
the public taxes. The connecting
£rack law, the double damage laws,
ivlatlng to killing of stock and losses
Caused by fires, the fellow servant
the law limiting the hours of
Jlcontinuous service, the reciprocal de
murrage law, the anti-pass law, anti
'lobby law, primary election law, and
|aw making it a crime for corporations
••to make contributions to political par
ties or to party candidates or commit
tees, removed most of the abuses of
which the people justly complaincd
lander th-3se laws, which are working
frell, the corporation has been re
Jnoved from political power in South
^Dakota. I regard it as unfortunate
that the railway companies having
lines in South Dakota did not comply
Jwlth the law of 1907 and the order of
|he board of railroad commissioners
^hereunder, fixing the maximum pas
fare at 2% cents per mile.
Two-Cent Passenger Rate.
The railway companies, after send
Ia« their representatives to the cap
ital two years ago, who admitted be
If ore the legislature that the average
jrate they were voluntarily charging in
1 Ike passenger service was only 2%
$ents per mile at a time when they
i were carrying a large number of
V ^privileged persons for nothing—saw
fit, after the free pass system was
abolished, and every one required to
pay fare, to go Into the federal court
pftd procure a temporary Injunction
f'ijBgalnst the enforcement of the order
Axing the maximum fares at 2% cents
#$r mile. It is worse than useless to
-[Attempt to convince the people that
cents per mile is confiscatory
When the passenger trains in this
aire crowded
ihe« lABkb
daily and when
K&llroada ax*. QtrriifiM
i V, v
ma ./ of the siim* pa^M'imeis in Ne
braska, Iowa and Minnesota lor 2
cents a mile. The result is that all
political parties In 1908 joined in a
demand that this legislature pass an
absolute act, with an emergency
clause attached, making it effective at
once, fixing the maximum passenger
rate between points in this state at
2 cents a mile. The people have spo
ken on this subject and your duty is
The state board of railroad com
missioners should have power to con
trol classifications and a law should
be passed requiring that a rate or
classification once established be
tween points wholly within this state,
shall not be advanced without notice
to the board. An appropriation should
be made to en "bio the board to fully
complete the work of ascertaining the
true cash value of the railroads in
this state.
Your most careful consideration of
the annual report of the board of
railroad commissioners for the year
ending June 30, 1908, is asked.
Through the effective service of that
board many of the excessive charges
on freight traffic to points west of the
Missouri river—particularly the out
rageous charges on emigrant mov
ables—have been very materially re
duced a new and cheaper classifica
tion has been made connecting tracks
at junction points have been ordered
and put in many specific complaints
have been heard and relief granted.
The rates on Interstate traffic into
the state are too high, but this legis
lature, as well as the state railway
commission, haB no control over them.
The legislature of 1907 appropri
ated the sum of $10,000 for the pur
pose of enabling the board of railroad
cotumisioners to ascertain the true
cash value of the railroad lines with
in the state. The sum appropriated
is not sufficient and it will take a
much larger sum than has already
been appropriated.
The board of railroad commission
ers recommends certain legislation in
its report which I deem It my duty
to emphasize as important. It calls
attention to the fact that the present
warehouse license fee is entirely too
small, and yields almost no revenue
fcbove the expense of collecting it
that it ought to be increased suffi
ciently to bear the expense of a thor
ough system of warehouse and scale
inspection. The board recommends
that the fees be based on the capacity
of the elevators licensed, as follows:
For each elevator or warehouse
with a capacity of 10,000 bushels or
under, a license fee of $3.00 10,000
to 15,000 bushels, a fee of $5.00 15,
000 to 20,000 bushels. $7.00 20,000
bushels or over $10.00.
Abolish Unjust Discrimination.
The board recommends that a stat
ute be passed to abolish unjust dis
criminations by common carriers In
granting and renting warehouse and
elevator sites, requiring a written re
port of each carrier to be filed with
the board showing the name and loca
tion of each elevator on its right of
way and the amount of rental paid
for each location.
The purpose of the proposed statute
is to enable the board to discover
whether or not there is unjust dis
crimination between what is com
monly known as "line" elevator com
panies and farmer elevator companies.
Complaints are made that the
charges of the express, telegraph and
telephone companies are too high. A
telephone commission was created two
years ago. It was given general su
pervision and control of all the tele
phone lines and exchanges in the
state, with power to hear and deter
mine complaints, require reports,
make schedules of maximum rates,
compel connections and prevent un
jubt discriminations. The legislature,
however, made no appropriation what
ever for the expenses of the commis
sion and it has not been able to ac
complish much for the want of funds.
Public utilities in the cities are left
to the control of the city councils
and city commissioners.
The board of railway commission
ers recommends that a law be enact
ed placing the express companies and
electric railways under the supervi
sion of that board and that it also
have supervision and authority in mat
ters pertaining to the hanging of
wires of telephone, telegraph electric
light and other wires over railroad
tracks. I suggest that the telephone
commissioner be required to act in
all matters relating to telephone com
panies with the board of railway com
missioners, and that an appropriation
be made to enable him to properly
perform the duties assigned to him.
Also that the supervision of the board
of railroad commissioners be extended
to express and telegraph companies,
and such electric trai sportation com
panies as may hereafter be organized.
Drinking and gambling upon rail
way passenger trains has become a
nuisance. I join heartily In the rec
ommendation of the board of railroad
commissioners that an effective law
be enacted to correct this evil.
8tate Depository Law.
Both of the great political parties
In this state have declared in favor
of a comprehensive state and county
depository law, which shall yield a
revenue to the Btate and county. The
retiring state treasurer in his report
recommends such a law and it will
be one of the important duties you
will have to perform. It should be
bo framed as to bring to the state, as
well a3 to the counties, a return of
Interest for the use of the public
This subject is one which you are
charged to put into the form of law
by the verdict of the people and de
mands your best effort.
I commend to your consideration
the report of the board of charities
and corrections for the period ending
June 30,1908. The board reports that
&e TCQrk denft in thu iuHtitutioaa un-
3ei Its control has been satisfactory
ami tl.:n iuipruv-ine.il Ls Manifest in
each. Not one word of complaint or
scandal has come to me in regard to
the conduct of any of them.
In May, 1907, I called a state con
ference of charities and corrections to
ronslder the highest public welfare'in
the non-partisan management of these
Institutions and in general humanitar
ian work in the stite. A permanent
organization was perfected, which co
operates with the national organiza
tion. The board of charities recom
mends the enactment of a law fixing
terms of office of a considerable num
ber of years In length, for the officers
and employes of each institution and
regulating their salaries with a view
to securing and retiining the servioes
of the most competent persons.
The management by the state board
of charities and corrections has been
economical. Over $60,000 unused bal
ances in the appropriations hare re
verted to the general fund. The shirt
factory at the state penitentiary has
yielded to thg state a net profit of
A law should be enacted which will
give the wife and children or those
dependent upon the labor of the pris
oner, part of his earnings while In
carcerated. A law should be enacted
providing for at lea*t one state agent
to act as parole officer for the peni
tentiary and training school. Young
men convicted for the first time
should not be sentenced to the peni
tentiary for a term under six months.
A reformatory should be established
to which Buch offenders could be sen
tenced. The principle of indetermin
ate sentence should be embodied in
the penal laws of our state.
The state board of regents reports
that the fine new law building at Ver
million has been completed. The new
building at Aberdeen was dedicated
on Dec. 18. The new dormitory at
Brookings is now doing service. The
new building at Spearfish is not quite
finished. The new improvements at
Madison and the school of mines have
been completed. The board's report
shows that many of the institutions
are crowded and that new buildings
are needed, but the board does not
approve all of the requests made by
the heads of the institutions, and it is
to be regretted that lack of funds will
prevent the carrying out of many of
the board's projects. Andrew Carne
gie has offered to donate $40,000 for
the erection of a library building for
the use of the university upon its
grounds at Vermillion, conditioned
upon the state contributing annually
$6,500 for Its maintenance. The board
recommends that the legislature give
the necessary auth rlty to accept the
offer. All the state educational insti
tutions are crowded with students.
The university has the largest attend
ance ever enjoyed by that Institution.
Artesian Water 8upply.
The report of the board of regents
calls attention to the recommendation
of the state geological survey con
cerning an investigation of the arte
sian water supply of the state. This
is a subject of very great importance.
Now is the time to prevent unneces
sary waste of this great resource.
Acting upon the express request of
the Hon. CJifford Plnchot, chairman
of the National Conservation Commis
sion, last August. I named a standing
state commission on state conserva
tion, consisting of five men. This
commission has made a preliminary
report so replete with valuable infor
mation and suggestions that I urge
that an appropriation be made for the
printing and distribution of this re
The report of the board of agricul
ture is deserving of careful attention.
Since the reorganization of the board
and the erection of new buildings, the
success of the state fair has been
phenomenal. The state now has
grounds of its own, covered by splen
did buildings with approximately $80,
000 worth of property, and should re
ceive $10,000 with which to pay ex
pen?es and premiums and to be used
for emergencies. The board asks for
special appropriations for four new
buildings and other improvements.
The report of Commissioner of Im
migration Mcllvalne shows that with
the very small appropriation made for
his bureau he was unable to give as
wide publicity to the state's resources
as might be done with a larger sum.
Many thousands of pamphlets contain
ing information concerning the state's
resources and thousands of illustra
tive maps were distributed by him
through the malls. No appropriation
was made for the office after Jan. 1,
1909. There seems to be a demand
for the maintenance of the immigra
tion buraau and it should be supported
by an appropriation.
The settlers and homesteaders who
have in recent yeara xnoved into the
newer sections of the state lying west
of the Missouri river and who have
begun the cultivation of land, are bit
terly opposed to the law which allows
live stock to run at large in that por
tion of the state. They insist that
the law be amended.
Revision of Banking Law.
VHbtic Examiner Jones reports that
the banks of the state, generally
speaking, are in a sound and satisfac
tory condition. During the biennial
period ending June 30, 1908,122 state
and 3 private banks were organixed,
6 liquidated voluntarily and paid their
depositors in full and 2 were placed
In the hands of receivers.
The examiner recommends a very
thorough revision of the state banking
I heartily approve of the recom
mendations that the banks be prohib
ited from loaning money to an officer
or director without good collateral, or
a responsible endorser that no bank
be allowed to organize with a capital
of less than $10,000 that a director
shall be the owner of at least live un
pledged shares of stock in the bank
ot which ha U a director* thai tint. 4s-
partinent of public examiner be given
authority to designate aiij all
reserve banks to disapprove of pro
posed bank charters to take direct
charge of and wind up the affairs of
Insolvent batiks that the law require
all banks which act as reserve banks
to keep on hand at least 25 per c«nt
of their total deposits in lawful mon
ey, or to deposit the same in banks
approved by the public examiner as
rc serve banks, and that cash items
shall not be considered as a part of
the reserve that banks be prohibited
from issuing their certificates of de
posit for borrowed money that they
be required to Issue their bills pay
able In all cases when money la bor
rowed and to show such amounts in
all published statements under "bill^
payable that banks be prohibited
from borrowing, habitually, for the
purpose of reloanlng and that authority
be given to the public examiner to re
quire such bank to pay off such bor
rowed loan that the amount of as
sets which a bank may pledge as col
lateral to its loans shall not exceed 5t
per cent in excess of the amount of
any such loan that a preference be
given to savings depositors that state
banks be required to pay fees for in
spections. I recommend these sug
gestions of the public examiner.
A carefully worked-out law for the
protection and insurance of depositors
is demanded by the times. It is for
you carefully and conservatively to
work out the details. The law recog
nizes the right of companies to incor
porate for the purpose of insuring
property holders against loss by fire,
hail, tornado and burglary and to In
sure persons against loss occasioned
by accidental injuries and by death.
Certainly under a carefully drawn and
properly safeguarded law, statutory
provision may be made by which de
positors in the banks chartered by
the state may be indemnified against
the loss of their money.
The report of the insurance com
missioner sboars that for the year end
ing June 30, 1908, the total amounts
received from all licensed companies
during the year were: Feee, $20,
025.83. Taxes, $66,446.95.
Foreign fire insurance companies In
1907 upon South Dakota business re
ceived in premiums $1,130,502.74, and
paid In losses in our state $39S,285.44.
In the same year foreign life insur
ance companies received In premiums
upon business in the state $1,275,
J.tF.,47 and paid in losses $213,713.63.
The statute fixing the basis of taxes
paid has been declared Invalid by the
Second judicial circuit and should the
lower court be upheld on appeal then*
will be no statute for the taxation of
insurance companies. This legisla
ture should submit another proposal
with proper safeguards as to the limit
to the voters of the state at the next
general election, and It will be ratified.
The report of the mine inspector
states that the laws of the state are
generally complied with by mine man
agers to guard against accidents.
The report of the department of his
tory shows a very satisfactory growth
in state production over last year, the
estimated value of our entire produc
tion this year being $185,434,430. Dur
ing the year there were 11,097 births
and 4,129 deaths.
Enlarge Supreme Court.
The business of the supreme eourt
has accumulated to an extent that
makes it difficult, if not imposible,
for three judges to do the work re
quired. There is a well founded de
mand that the court should be re
lieved of the excessive burden im
posed upon it by an increase in the
number of its members to five judges.
I suggest that you carefully consider
this matter.
The commissioners of the Soldiers'
home report that at no time since the
home has been established have the
members been so well cared for and
clothed as at the present time. No
complaints are being filed by either
the management or the members.
A new hospital has been erected and
furnished with modern conveniences.
The receipts of the office of secre
tary of state for the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1907, were $34,666.44. For
the fiscal year ending June 30, 190S,
the receipts were $26,700.71, a falling
off of $7,956.73, a result of the money
stringency of last year.
During the biennial period covered
by the report, 1949 domestic corpora
tions were Incorporated 250 foreign
corporations entered the state 803
resident agents for foreign corpora
tions and 661 resident agents for do
mestic corporations were appointed.
A change should be made In the
statute which will insure greater se
curity for the public and more con
clusive evidence of responsibility and
good faith on the part of Incorporators
not residing within the state than Is
now given.
Certain sections in the pure food
law have been declared to. be Invalid.
The law should be amended so aa to
become effective.
School and Public Lands.
The report of the commissioner of
school and public lands shows that
his department is In a prosperous con
The law merchant should be uni
form throughout the length and
breadth of the United States, because
commerce knows no state lines. A
bill for an act bringing our law Into
conformity with the law of the major
ity of states will be submitted to you.
The report of th-3 attorney general
shows a faithful and conscientious per.
formanco of official duty. His salary
should be increased.
Provision for a residence for the
governor should be made.
The report of the superintendent of
public instruction is an interesting re
view of the educational work done In
our great system of common schools.
Two years ago, in keeping with its
platform pledge previously made, the
legislature enacted a comprehensive
primary election law. During the year
12 C&. the. several political nnrtloa mn/la
Home in
thfir |.--u ::jmi:. itit.ns under this
iw ri'l tii!- '!omr -uit party selected
its party candidate for the United
States senate, Our primary law in its
general ar.d essential features is sim
ilar to that enacted in several other
stains. As a system of governing po
litical party management and nomina
tions, it has come to stay.
A general attack was made upon
this law in the state supreme court,
but its general provisions were sus
A few changes simplifying the pri
mary law should be made, but its gen
eral scope and provisions in detail
should not be changed.
No other disease preys upon the
masses and prevails among all elasses
of people like tuberculosis. I recom
mend that a special commission of
physicians be authorized to investi
gate the extent of this disease tn our
state and to collect and distribute
rellaMe literature, which will assist
in educating the public as to the
means by which its spread among the
people may be ehecked.
prove fatal
When Will Madison People
Learn the Importance
of It?
Backaehe la only a simple thing st
jron how*
'tis from
That serious kidney troubles fol
That diabetes, Bright's disease may
be th*Tfatal end,
Yon will gladly profit by the follow
ing experience.
James H. Bishop, retired, Cliuk St.,
Dell Rapids.[S. D., gays: "I willing
ly endorse Doau's Kidney Pills. I
suffered for many years from dull,
grinding pains in the small of my back
and was always weak and miserable
As time passed, my case grew worse
and the kidney secretions oocaine so
frequent that I was forced to arise sev
eral times during the night. About
six months ago a friend advised me
to try Doan's Kidney Pills and I pro
cured a box. I now feel a great deal
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Milbnrn Co., Buffalo,
New York, sole agents for the Doited
Remember the same—Doau's—»nd
take no other.
andUthe demand lor Lake County farms is increasing. If you
are search of a
where you can raise Wheat, Oats Barley Corr Potatoes and in
fact everything adapted to this latiturff, and wh&ke
you can successfully carry on
Dairying & Stock
and where your family will have the advantages ot
Then come and see me, and I will show tra iust what you want
If you are renting land now, paying $3 to $5 annual
rental., I will show you yust as good land and s#U
it to you at what you wil. pay out in rental
where you are in three ye^rs, and
w211 give you easy terms ol payment
If you want a good iccation in Madison I have such for von.
A iar^e riumber oi substantial buildings have been built
in Madison the past season and the cit^ is steadily
growing in population.
Correspondence Solicited
Chas. B. Kennedy,
it (lie Lamp ior th« student or
Good Climate
Where yon want It—
When yon want tt—
No smoke—no smell—no trouble.
Often you want heat in a liurry
in come room in the house the fur
nace does not reach. Its so easy to
pick up and carry a
(Equipped with Smokeless Device)
to the room you want to heat—suitable for any room in the
house. It has a real smokeless device absolutely preventing
smoke or smell—turn the wick as high as you can MT
as low as you like—brass font holds 4 quarts of oil
that gives out glowing heat for 9 hours. Fin
ished in japan and nickel—an ornament
anywhere. Every heater warranted.
reader. It gives brillnrrt. Seady iigkt
that makes study a leasurs. Made ol brass, nickel plated and equipped
with the latest improved central drah burner. Every lamp warraatad.
11 you cannot oblain the Periedion Oil Heater or Rayo Lamp baa
ywr JcaUr write to our nearest agency ior dtaariptivs areolar,
InwmmiuttMM wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwuwwwwmwwwwWW
Coughs that are tight, or distressing
tickling conghs, get quick and certain
held from Dr. Shoop's Cou«h Remedy,
On this account druggists everywhere
are favoring Dr. Shoop's Cough Rem
edy. And it is entirely free from Opium
hlorofoom or any other stupefying
drug. The tender leaves of a harmless
lung healing mountainous shrub give to
Dr. Shoop's Cough Remedy its curative
properties. Those leaves have the pow
er to cure the most distressing cough,
and to soothe and to heal the most sen
sitive bronchial membrane. Mother's
should, for safety's sake alone, always
demand D*. Seoop's. It can with per
fect freedom be given to even the
youngest babes. Test it onee younett
and see! Sold by Chris Schnti.
There is
scarcely anv limit to the
possible improvement in seeds,
but it takes time aiul money. We have
been improving flower and vegetable
seeds for over years. More than 2000
years. ......
people are working to make Ferry'#
Se*ds suit you. Iluy the best—Perry'sw
For sale everywhere.
M. FIRRY A CO„ Detroit, Mtoh.

xml | txt