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The Madison daily leader. [volume] (Madison, S.D.) 1890-current, February 09, 1909, Image 4

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Tributes to the Martyr President's
Character and Leadership.
S. Chittenden Tells In Full Story
•f "Lincoln and the Sleeping Senti
nel"—Miracle of Hi* Style In 8pe«ch
tnd Writing—Homtg* the People
at Hia Funeral.
Within a few days the formal cele
bration of the one hundredth anniver
sary of Abraham Lincoln's birth will
be observed. Many stories are being
told about the martyr president and
tributes paid to his character.
L. E. Chittenden, who was register
of the treasury rrom 1861 to 1805 and
a personal friend of Abraham Lincoln,
now for the first time tells in full the
story of "Lincoln and the Sleeping
Sentinel," published by Harper &
Bros., which has hitherto been known
only in Its bare outline. lie speaks as
one having authority, and with Justice,
for he bore an Important share in ihe
It was on a dark September morn
ing in 1861, be Informs us, that be was
waited on at his Washington office b.v
a party of soldiers. They belonged to
the Third Vermont regiment, then sta
tioned at the Chain bridge, some three
miles above Georgetown. One of their
number, a youth of twenty-one, had
fallen asleep at. his post as sentinel
A hardy boy, not as yet Inured to mili
tary life, he had found it Impossible
to keep awake for two nights In suc
cession. lie had been found by the
relief sound asleep, had been convicted
by a court martial and sentenced to be
shot. With tears in their eyes, bis
comrades pleaded with Mr. Chittenden
to use his Influence and save the boy's
"He's as good a boy as there is in
the army," said tbe leader, "and be Is
not to blaf)ie." Scott had never before
been up all night In his life. lie had
been "all beat out" by his first expe
rience. The second night lie had suc
cumbed to sheer physical exhaustion.
Mr. Chittenden's heart was touched.
He determined to put young Scott in
personal touch with President Lincoln.
By using all his influence he succeeded.
This Is how Scott himself told the
story of the interview:
The president waa the kindest man I
had ever seen. I knew him at once by a
Lincoln medal 1 had long worn. I waa
scared at first, for I had never beforo
t&lknd with a (front man. Hut Mr. Lin
coln was BO easy with DIP, no gentle, that
I soon forgot my fright. He aski'd mf all
about the people at home, the neighbors,
the farm and where I went to school arid
who my schoolmates were. Then he asked
me about mother and how she looked, and
I waa glad I could take her photograph
from my bosom and show It to him. He
said how thankfut I ought to be that my
mother still lived and how. If he was in
my place, he would try to make her a
proud mother and never cause her a sor
row or a tear. I cannot remember It all,
bat every word was ao kind.
He had said nothing yet about that
dreadful next morning. I thought It must
be that he was so kind hearted that he
didn't like to speak of It. Hut why did
he say so much about my mother and my
not causing her a sorrow or a tear when
I knew that I must die the next morn
ing? But I supposed that was something
that would have to go unexplained, and
so I determined to brace up and tell him
that I did not feel a bit guilty and ask
him wouldn't he fix It so that the firing
party would not be from our regiment.
That was going to be the hardest of ail
to die by the hands of my comrades.
Just as I was going to ask him this
favor he stood up, and he says to me,
"My boy. stand up here and look me In
the face." I did as he bade me. "My
boy," he said, "you are not going to be
shot tomorrow. I believe you when you
tell me that you could not keep awake.
I am going to trust you and send you
back to your regiment. But I have been
put to a great deal of trouble on your ac
count. I have had to come up here from
Washington when I have got a great deal
to do, and what I want to know is how
you are going to pay my bill."
There was a big lump in my throat. 1
could scarcely speak. I had expected to
die. you see. and had kind of got vised to
thinking that way. To have It all changed
in a minute! But I got it crowded down
and managed to say:
"I am grateful, Mr. Lincoln. I hope 1
am as grateful as ever a man can bo to
you for saving my life. But It comes upon
me sudden and unexpected like. I didn't
lay out for It at all. But there is nom
way for me to pay you. and 1 will find It
out after a little. There Is the bounty In
the savings bank. I guess we could bor
row some money on the mortgage of th
farm. There was my pay, which was
something, and If he would wait until pay
day I was sure the boys would help, so
I thought wo could make It up If it wasn't
more than $500 or $600."
"But it Is a great deal more than that,'
he said.
Then I said I didn't Just see how, but I
was sure 1 would find some way—if 1
Then Mr. Lincoln put his hands on my
shoulders and looked Into my face as if
he was sorry and said: "My boy. my bill
is a very large one. Your friends cannot
pay it. nor your bounty, nor the farm
nor all your comrades. There Is only one
man in all the world who can pay It, and
his name is William Scott. If from this
day William Scott docs his duty, so that
if I were there when he comes to die, he
could look me in the face as he does now
and say, 'I have kept my promise, and 1
have done ay duty as a soldier," then my
Aebt will be paid. Will you make that
promise and try to keep It?"
Scott did promise and did keep bis
promise. He soon earned the repota
tion of being the bravest man in hi&
regiment, tbe falthfulest and the kind
est. If any man were needed for the
dost exposed service. Scott was al
ways eager to be called upon. If any
otber man were In trouble, Scott was
his good Samaritan. If any soidiei
were sick, Scott was his willing nurse
He was ready to volunteer for any
extra service or labor. Nevertheless
he steadily refused promotion, saying
that he had done nothing to deserve it.
The end came In March, 1862, near
Tortctown. The federal forces were on i
fie)lan had ordered" General Smith to
assault and capture the works on the
south batik. The Confederates, how
ever, were too strongly intrenched.
They drove their assailants back across
the river. Scott was almost the first
to reach the south bank, the first in
the rifle pits and the last to retreat.
He was carrying oue of his wounded
comrades across the stream when the
Are of the enemy was concentrated
upon him. lie staggered with his liv
ing burden to the shore and fell.
"He was shot all to pieces," said an
eyewitness. "We carried him back out
of the line of fire and laid him on the
grass to die. But his strength was
great, and such a powerful man was
hard to kill." They carried him to a
cot In a nearby tent. Just at daylight
the word was passed that Scott want
ed to see all the boys. They went into
Ills tent and stood around his cot. Ills
face was bright and bis voice cheer
'Boys,' he said, 'I wili never see an
other battle. I supposed this would be
my last. I haven't much to say. You
all know what you can tell them at
home about me. I have tried to do the
light thing. I am almost certain you
will all say that.' Then, while his
strength was failing. Ills life ebbing
away, and we looked to see his voice
sink into a whisper, his face lighted
up and his voice came out natural and
clear as he said: 'If any of you ever
have the chance I wish you would-tell
President Lincoln that I have never
forgotten the kind words he said to
me at the Chain bridge, that I have
tried to be a good soldier nnd true to
the flag, that I should have paid my
whole debt to him if I had lived and
that now, when I know that I am dy
ing, I think of his kind face and thank
him agnln because he gave me the
chance to fall like a soldier in battle
and not like a coward by the hands of
my comrades.'"
Then he closed his eyes, crossed bis
hands on his breast, and that was all.
Richard Watson Gilder in his study
of "Lincoln the Leader," published in
the February Century, preseuts some
interesting phases of Abraham Lin
coln's character. Of his speech, writ
ings and belief In God he says:
Lincoln's style in speech and writ
ing is the same sort of miracle that
gave us the consummate art of Shake
speare, the uncoileged actor of Burns,
the plowman, nnd of Keats, the apoth
ecary's apprentice, son of a livery sta
ble man. It is not easy to analyze a
miracle, but In discussing the leader
ship of Lincoln It Is Interesting to And
certain qualities in bis literary style
that are traits of his character and
thus elements of his leadership.
Notwithstanding that the country
has been ransacked for every record
of his public speech and every scrap of
paper to which he put pen. there has
been found from him absolutely tooth
ing discreditable and little that can be
criticised in the way of expression.
Without the aid of any teacher he
early learned to be moderate and rea
sonable in statement, so that on the
part even of the obscure young poli
tician there is a complete absence of
that kind of public speech which is
described In a passage be loved to
quote, where it is said of the orator
that ho mounted the rostrum, threw
back his head, shined his eyes and left
the consequences to God.'
"An intensely Important feature of
Lincoln's leadership would be omitted
If nothing were said of the effect upon
his thought and conduct of his belief
in and conscious communion with an
almighty, mysterious nnd benevolent
power, concerning itself not less with
human affairs than with the march of
seasons and the sweep of constella
tions. The Deity was to him an ever
present, ever regnant influence. There
was nothing of theology or dogmatism
In his religious opinions, but be lived
in tbe spirit. The strange silence of
the Almighty Sovereign perplexed
him, and he sought with passionate
eagerness to read the decrees of Prov
idence In the unfoldings of events
sometimes taking definite action in ac
cordance with his Interpretation of di
vine Indications. And always the be
lief lu God was to him a challenge to
singleness of purpose. To the all pure
he lifted clean hands and a pure
Mr. Gilder in closing his article says
"Let me close with the memory of a
night of the spring of the year 1865. In
the time or the blooming of lilucs, as
says the wonderful poem. I was wait
ing in Philadelphia for Lincoln's fu
neral train to start, as it was my duty
to accompany it to Newark. I had and
have little desire to look upon faces
from which the light of life is depart
ed, but suddenly it came upon me that
I had never seen the great president
and must not let go by this last oppor
tunity to behold at least the deserted
temple of a lofty soul. To my grief 1
found it was too late. The police had
drawn their line across tbe path In
front of Independence ball. But my
earnest desire prevailed, and I was
the last to pass In by the window and
behold in a sudden dazzle of lights
and flowers the still features of that
face we all now know so well.
"Then I went my way Into the night
and walked alone northward to the
distant station. Soon I heard behind
me the wailing music of the funeral
dirge. The procession approached
The funeral train moved out beneath
the stars. Never shall I forget the
groups of weeping men and women at
the little towns through which we
slowly passed and the stricken faces
of the thousands who In the-cities
stood like mourners at the funeral of
a beloved father. Thus, as came the
dawn and the full day, through griev
ing states was borne the body of the
beloved chieftain, while the luminous
spirit and example of Lincoln, the lead-
lUi of the James river, the Con*
a the other. General Mo
the people, went forth Into all
the earth along tbe pathway of eternal
Slavonian Found Dead on Porch of
Boarding House.
Minneapolis, Feb. 8.—Mayk Mates,
supposed to be a Slavonian, aged
twenty-four years, was murdered in a
boarding house conducted by Andrew
Ocak. Mrs. Ocak notified the police
that the body of a man was lying on
their front porch. The police found
that the man's head had been beaten
in and continuing their investigations
they discovered a bloody trail leading
from Mates' room In the house
thrdugh the hall to the front porch.
In Mates' room they found a bucket
of bloody water, an iron poker cov
ered with blood and a suit of blood
stained clothes.
The police are searching for John
Baca, who roomed with Mates. The
two men worked In a local grain ele
vator, but Mates had not been work
lng for a couple of nights and th«
police learned that Baca and Mutes
quarreled because Mates had not been
at work.
Second to Be Dismissed Since
Death ot Emperor.
Peking, Feb. 8.—Shen Pi, president
of the board of communications, and
three under secretaries of the board
were dismissed in disgrace.
Recent dispatches from Peking set
forth that Chen Pi had been im
peached on charges of corruption. The
recent failure of the board of com
munications to float a domestic loan
of $5,000,000 for the purpose of paying
the shareholders of the National Tele
graph system embarrassed the gov
eminent seriously and Chen Pi In De
cember began negotiations with Brit
iah, French, German and Japanese
banks for this money. The terms im
posed were described as humiliating
to the central government.
Chen Pi is the second high official
to be dismissed from office since the
death of the emperor and dowager
empress of China last November. Mis
dismissal follows that of Yuan Shi
Kal, a member of the grand council
by about five weeks.
Chen PI is a metropolitan graduate
of 1877 and he has held various pub
11c offices, Including the goveruorshi]
of Peking, since 1901.
Slayer Escapes With Ftfie.
Waycross, Ga., Feb. 8.—Kinch Will
iams, a young man who. In November,
1904, shot and killed his stepmother,
returned here after being a fugitive
from justice for four years, surren
dered to the Bheriff and was given an
immediate trial. He was allowed to
plead guilty to "shooting at another'
and was fined $150 or nine months'
imprisonment. He paid the fine.
Four "Widows" Claim Remains.
New York, Feb. 8.—Each bearing a
marriage certificate four women ap
peared at a local undertaking estab
llshment to claim the body of W. S.
King, wlio was a well known figure In
the Tenderloin district. It had been
the general belief among his friends
that he was a bachelor.
Electrocuted on Street Car.
Cleveland, O., Feb. 8.—Joseph Ra
tajczak was electrocuted while riding
on the platform of a Broadway street
car. An electric light wire fell ovei
the trolley wire and stopped the car.
Ratajczak grabbed a loose end of the
wire which fell over the rear of the
car. He was killed Instantly.
Minneapolis Wheat.
Minneapolis, Feb. 6.—Wheat—May,
July, $1.09%. On
track—No. 1 hard, $1.11% No. 1
Northern, $1.10%^l.n No. 2 North
em. $1.08% @1.09% No. S Northern.
$1.06® 1.07%.
Duluth Wheat and Flax.
Duluth, Feb. 6.—Wheat—To arrivt
and on track—No. 1 hard, $1.10% No
1 Northern, $1.01% No. 2 Northern
$1.07% May, $1.09% July, $1.09*
Flax—To arrive, on track and May,
$1.50% July, $1.58% Oct., $1.32%.
St. Paul Union Stock Yards.
St. Paul, Feb. 6.—Cattle—Good tc
choice steers, $5.00 r?? fi.00 fair to good
$4.50'ij'R .00 good to choice cows and
heifers, $4.00(9)5.00 veals. $5.25^(6.00
Hogs—[email protected] 6.25. Sheep—Wethers,
$5.1005.85 yearling*, $6.00® 6.60
lambs, [email protected]
Chicago Grain and Provisions.
Chicago. Feb. 6.—Wheat—May, $1.
10%*?l.l0«fc July, 9S%(f*99c Sept..
95%c: Dec., 95%c. Corn—Feb., 6')Vic
May, 65%ffi65%c July, 63%c Sept
6 ?%c. Oats—May, 51?4c July, 4G%c
Sept., 39Hr?'39%c. Pork—May. $16.
80 July, $lt».90. Butter—Creameries,
22(0 28c dairies, 21 @250. Eggs—[email protected]
33c. Poultry—Turkeys, 17c chickens,
13c springs, 15c.
Chicago Union Stock Yards.
Chicago, Feb. 6.—Cattle—Beeves,
14.10^6.90 Texas steers, $4.20t£5.00
Western steers, $3.90rt|5.50 stoekers
and feeders, [email protected] cows and
heifers, fl.SOfri 5.50 calves, [email protected]
7.75. Hogs—Light, [email protected] mixed,
16.00(5)6.52% heavy, $6.05® 6.55
rough, $.05Ci6.20 good to choice
heavy, $6.20(^6.55 pigs, [email protected]
Sheep, $3.25#.5.60 yearlings, [email protected]
7.00 lambs, [email protected]
During Change of Life,
says Mrs. Cfaas. Barclay
Graniteville, Yt. "I was passing
1 tlieChangeof Life and suffered
from nervousness
andother annoying
symptoms, and I
can trulv say that
Vegetable Com
pound has proved
wortli mountains
of gold to me, as it
restored my health
and strength. I
never forget to tell
my friends what
Vegetable Compound has done for me
during this trying period. Complete
restoration to health means so much
to me that for the sake of other suffer
ing women I am willing to make my
trouble public so you may publish
this letter." Mus. CHAS. BARCLAY,
it.F.D..Graniteville, Yt.
No other medicine for woman's ills
has received such wide-spread and un
qualified endorsement. No other med
icine we know of has such a record
of cures of female ills as has Lydia E.
Tinkliam's Vegetable Compound.
For more than 30 years it has been
curing female complaints such as
Inflammation, ulceration, local weak
nesses, fibroid tumors. irregularities,
periodic pains, backache, indigestion
and nervous prostration, and it is
unequalled for carrying women safely
through the period of change of life.
It costs but little to try Lydia E.
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, and,
as Mrs. liarclaysays.it is "worth moun
tains of gold to suffering women.
Reports of Lor.^ of Life Prom Various
Berlin, Feb. 7.—The flood situation
in Germany, resulting from heavy
rains and melting snow, still is seri
OUB. Many tases of loss of life con
tinue to be reported from variovs
parts of toe country.
The lower sections of Frankfort
on the-Main are flooded. A terrific
hurricane raged In the Rhine valley
and demolished the Wiesbaden ma
chlnery hall and other buildings in
course of erection for an exhibition
this summer. The river police of
Cologne have stationed steamers at
various points along the River Rhine
to give assistance as required. Th
Elbe, the Main and the Oder are also
rising. Several villages are cut off
from communication from the outside
world and are threate ned with partial
^destruction. The Elbe is carrying
down great masses of ice, which have
partly destroyed the scaffolding o?
the new bridge being erected at Dres
den. The Mulde, a confluent of th
Elbe, has flooded the country around
Dessau. The Oder Is rising rapidb
and many barges frozen into the ic
several weeks ago are threatened with
Condemn Ohio Grand Mmter.
Houston, Tex., Feb. 8.--The Mn
•onic lodges at Sherman and Conro
have adopted resolutions condemning
Grand Master Charles Hoskins ot
Ohio for inviting William H. Taft jto
become a Mason on tight
Keep It on Hand!
Cough* and colds may M»i7r any
im-mtar erf ihe family any timr.
a bad cold has hwn averted
and much tickncs* and suffering
ha* tami by the prompt use
Cure, I-»rre is nothing
lik«-it to break up coughs and colds.
is no bronchial or lung
if n} ie that it will not relieve,
rrr from opiate# or harmful in
gmiu:nt». Fine for children.
At all druggists', 25 cts.
A New Back for an Old One—
How it Can Be Done in
DH back aches at tiuiM with dall,
indescribable feeling, making you
weary and restless piercing pains shcot
across the regiou of the kidneys, and
again the loins are so lame to stoop is
agony. No use to rnb or apply a plas
ter to the back in this condition. You
cannot reach the cause. Exchange the
bad back for a new and stronger oue.
Thomas Simpson,carpenter,Pipestone
avenue, Flandreau, S. D.. says: "I
.suffered from dixorderel kidneys for a
great many years and used most every
remedy I learnt of without findiue
relief. The doctors were unable ro
help me and my case became very seii
ous. My back pained me incesoautly
and I arose in tbe morning languid and
tired. Having read of Doan's Kidney
Pills. I decided to try them and pro
cured a box. From the first Ijobserved
a decided change and in a very short
time my trouLile'h.id entireley disap
peared. It is a great pleasure to le
commend this xcellent preparation
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents Foster Mill um Co.,* Buffalo.
New Yotk, sole agents for.th* (Tnited
Remember the 2
take no'ottier. nTT-J.
Established 1885 OLD LINE
New business written
Paid policy holders
Total phid to policy holders
Insurance in force
Foley Orino Laxatiye cures constipa
tion rnd liv trouble and mak»s tbe
bowels healthy and regular. Oiino ia
superior to pills and tablets as it does
uot gripe or naupeate. Why take any
thing els6. J. H, Anderson.
Hoarse coughs and stuffy mils Hint
may develop into pneumonia over niyh:
are quickly cured by Foley's Hooey and
Tar, as it t-oothes influriitd membranes
heals the lungs snd expels the eetd from
the system. J. H. AndersoD.
Mrs. McRaney's Experience
Mrs. M. McRaney, Prentiss, Miss.,
writes: "I wat confined to my bed for
three months with kidney od bladder
trouble and was treated by taio ysie
i«os but failed to get relief. No human
tonguf can tell bow I suffered, and I
h.td given up hope of ever getting well
no:ii I began lakin^ Foley's Kidney
eaiedy. fter taking two bottlus 1 felt
1 ke a new person, and feel it my duty to
tell suffering worsit n what Foley's Kid
nev Hemedy did me." Ander
==r 1
and jthe demand lor Lake County larms is increasing. If you
mre search of 4
Then come and see me, and I will show
Home in a Good Climate
sphere you can raise Wheat, Oats Barley s Corpi Potatoes and in
fact everything adapted to this latitude and whe*e
you e*n successfully carry on
Dairying & Stock
and where your family will have the advantages oi
Tbe Northwestern Life issues all the latest and most improved forms of policies,
L. K. Thompson, Pres.
VT. J. Grrham, Vice Poes. and
desired. It invests its income for the upbuilding of the territory in which it operates, hae
the farmers of Minnesota, Iowa, North and South Dakota over $3,500,000.
George E. Towle, Treas.
Robert E. Efterly, Sec.
John T. Baxter, Council.
Henry \V. Cook, Medical Director.
F. M. Stickuey, Cashier.
H. F. White, Auditor.
Edgar Eshbaugh, Agency Director
F. Ball, District Manager
Stoltzman and S. G. Westaby Solicitors
It you are renting land now, paying $3 to $5 annual
rental, I will show yuu -just as good iand and self
it to you at what you wil. pay out in rental
where you are in three ye^rs, and
V7.ll give you easy terms ot payment
If you want a good location in Madison I have such for vou.
lar^e number ot substantial buildings have been built
in Madison the past season and the^cit^ is steadily
growing in population.
Correspondence Solicited i
Chas. B. Kennedy!
Northwestern National Life Insurance Company,
$5,250,000 Insurance gain written
1,500,000 Gain in assets
70(UKX) Gain in Surplus
January 1, 1909.
up d"Vcrty
bundle of articles which only re*
mr'r.i cl or dyeing' to m&ke
tr. .:n give further
iust what you want
Purely Mutual
I 5,700,000
friends ar.d neighbors would be
rlad to jr.in you. Every home con
tains a pp.ir of gloves, lacs cur
tains or cra^cries, a jackst, a
wr ist, an overcoat, or something
wmcli it would be economy to
have clcaned. --If the order is $3
or mcr wo pay return charges
raoro economy.
Pt Ice*. i.rt rlrM-Our work «MM*
dtiUrd. &n(fir«u)Uon booklet
Cr"53 Brccj
ManZast PHq
Wl il'YKH Mmet: S &U
in any
am mounts
loaned to
F. A Chamberlain, Pres. Security Bank.
E. \V. Decker, V. Pres. Northwestern tank.
C. F. Jaffray, V. Pres. First National Bank.
A. A. Crane, V. Pres. Northwestern National
B. F. Nelson, Nelson-Tuthill Lumber Co.
L. K. Thompson, Pres. and General Mgr.
George E. Towle, Treas.
W. J. Graham, Actuary.
$ioux Falls, S D.
Madison, S. D.
Madison, S. D.~
Foley's Honey and Tar clears tbe air
passages, stops the irritation in tbe
throat, soothes tbe inflamed membranes
and tbe most obstinate cough disappears
Sore and inflamed lungs are healed and
strengthened nud Ihe cold is expelled
from the system lie fuse any but the
geeminein the yellow package. J, 11,
In sickn. if
certain hidden nerve
.roes wrong, then, the organ 'bat this
oi rve controls will also surely fail It
may bo a stomach nerve, or it may have
ven strength and support to the he»rt
or lodneys. It was Dr. Shoop that tirst
pointed to this vitul truth. Dr. Sboop's
Restorative was uot made to doso tbe
stomach or to temporarily stimulate the
heart or kidneys. That old fashioned
me hod is all wrong. Dr. fchoo|»'« Re
storatire goes directly to these failinir
taside nerves. The remarkable suocess
ibis prescription demonstrates tLe
wi-dom of treating the actual
thes (ailing organs. Bnd it js inde«
ea&i tn provr A simple five or ten rtavs
test will purely tell. Try it once and

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