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Silverware Cut Glasi China DRUGGIST Complete Optical Room war PALACE Italy's Queen Establishes One to Benefit Earthquake Sufferers. BUSY HIVE OF INDUSTRY. Aristocratic Ladies and Working Girls 8ew Side by Side—Little Princesses Make Dolls' Clothes For Poor Cala brian Children—Storief of the Dis aster. It is impossible to enumerate the re lief committees of all kinds, each with a practical object, whicb have been formed in Rome for the benefit of the earthquake sufferers in southern Italy and Sicily. Queen Helena, who is per haps the most useful of all the agen ties of relief, has had the heavy furnl ture removed from three big rooms ot the royal palace, putting in tables, sew ing machines, forty or fifty work bas kets, chairs and nothing else. Here la dles of the oldest aristocracy and work girls are gathered together in friendly Intimacy, cutting out and sevftng as though their lives depended upon fin ishing. The queen Is as busy as the rest ad vising and directing, even giving les sons and taking a hand herself. This goes on practically all day until 5 o'clock, when tea is served for an hour. At these divertisements the great lady and the modest sewing girl associate as equals, says a special cable dispatch from Rome to the New York Times. Indeed, they almost change places in giving Instruction. Other hiimM# pupil* are the royal children, thr I'ri- .'ss.-s \l:uiil.i a: ipagaS CN rgreatestperfectly WE ENDEAVOR TO LEAD WITH Fof OUR generations American scien tists, technicians, men of affairs, men of leisure, have chosen the HOWARD watch. The first HOWARD was brought out in 1842—the only American watch. It had to prove itself the finest practical watch in the world —had to stand comparison with the work of the foremost European watchmakers. Every How aid it adjusted in iit tate, priced at (he factory, and printed ticket attached— from $ .oo to 150.00. "When you buy a HOVABD you fit tome* thing." Wc are distributor* for thii diitioctlve witch. A N E S O N i i e i e y s e v e n 1 s i years old. are jvrialtl.si lo be present. Tlicy «.re esta.dished in a ecr i ner, delighted. busy and important, rutting out and making dolls' clothes for the poor 111 tie Calabrian children. They have been promised that if they do these well lljey shall soon be pro noted to mak':r?r baby clothes. Then their cup of pride will be full. The way in which the queen came to establish this ^live of industry was quaint. She called a little dressmaker that her maid patronizes to order some children's clothes and saw her person ally. In the midst of the conversation the dressmaker remarkjed that it was difficult to carry out so large an order, as she had joined a society of sewing girls, established to devote a certain number of hours every day to making clothes for the refugees, buying the material out of their own pockets. The queen was impressed and in vlted them to the Qulrtnal, promising the material if they would give the Idea, which was enlarged into the present organization. The queen 1b righ^ In her element and was heard to observe, "If the cause were not so awful these would be very happy days for me." No wonder she was at. Messina "oar lady of mercy." During the sewing in the royal work room many stories are told about the earthquake. The little princesses were particularly interested in follow ing that of on old woman, appearing about 100 :.vir.4 old. who refused to leave the ruin* without her little treas ure and was no obstinate that she had to I.-?ft to her fate. Another ea»e was that of some sailors who he:'.rd a queer noise under the ruins, evlilcutly cor lias "rum something hu man. £j Ih'.1 duj ©a and found a Toinaa am' ••hild in a little shed it.*,?,.!, 4 mojofir powder V.j 31 •H Thousands of millions of cans of Royal Baking Powder have been used in making bread, biscuit and cake in this country, Vflfr and every housekeeper S using it has rested perfect confi 2—dence that her food would be light, sweet, and wholesome. Royal is asa fe- rd against the cheap alum powders which are menacers to health of the present day. ROYAL IS THE ONLY BAKING POWDER MADE FROM ROYAL GRAPE CREAM OF TARTAR AILsllLsllUm i Watck Repairing Jewelry Repairing aiuHhe Best of Work Guaranteed JEWELER A. F. Laity, Optician cow. which yiel.led enough milk to keep them both alive. At last all be came so weak that they could not lift their (leads, but they were all alive when rescued, having given warmth to one another. Several children taken from the ruins on the first day. when hunger was not so pressing, cried and kicked until their favorite dolls of toys were found One youngster was fund still clasping a Teddy bear in her arms. Queen Helena in describing some of the pathetic incidents of bar visit to Regglo said: "In one sunny street not a single building remained Intact, though the facades of the buildings remained standing. In these houses the living and the dead wefe mingled. In them were hunureds of corpses, besides many Injured persons who were pen ned in small spaces under the debris or held down by timbers or stones that rested upon legs or arms. Yet upon the standing walls in many places were cages containing canaries entirely uninjured, which sang and warbled joyously. The contrast pre sented was terrible. "The very day that I saw these ca narles and heard the cries of impris oned persons under the ruins I visited MeSSlna, where a young woman bereft of her reason stood upon a heap of ruins singing and bowing to an au dience composed of corpses. The wo man proved to be the singer Gemma Perugia, who had gone mad from grief and who imagined herself at a cafe chantant." Send Them Home at 1. A new club recently opened on Eu clid avenue, In Cleveland, O., has a house rule that all members must be out of the building nat later than 1 o'clock and the place closed up at that hour, excepting, of course, special oc casions. "And what's the reason for a 1 o'clock closing ordinance?" somebody asked. "Reason enough," replied a member of the houHe committee. "No man has aiy license to be away from his fam ily any later than 1 o'elock." ASTRAL BODY'S LONG TRIPS. Woman Said She Visited Wales Thrioe While Remaining In St. Louie. Mrs. Jordan W. Lambert, wife of the millionaire chemical manufacturer of St. Louis, recently related one of the most remarkable stories of psychic phenomena ever told. She said she i journeyed to Wales from her own home three times to bind up the in jnred arm of a boy hurt In the slate mines there. She also gave him money for the relief of his needs. This was In United States coin, and the boy ex changed it at the steamship offices in London for English coin. The ex change was proved in London later, i All of this time Mrs. Lambert was in her own home and she thinks en tirely conscious throughout. She her self relates the experience, prefaced by spirit communication between Joe Wentworth, a spirit guide, and hefldt Proposed Tax on Babies. A bill forcing parents to pay 50 cents tax on each new baby was recently introduced In the Iowa legislature ac cording to a Des Moines dispatch. MADISON. SOUTH DAKOTA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRI ARY lO, 1909 TOSAVEMIIERS'LIVES Kansas Professor Experimenting With Explosive Gases. ONE CAUSE OF EXPLOSIONS. Mine Disasters Can Be Prevented, Erasmus Haworth Believes, by Eliminating Carbon Monoxide, a Deadly Deoxidized Gas—Most Ex plosions Due to It, He Says. What causes explosions iq, mines that have been tested and are suppos ed to be absolutely safe? Professof Erasmus Haworth, head of the geo» logical department of the University of Kansas aud state geologist, lias |een experimenting for the last three months in Kansas mines and has reached many interesting conclusions. To aid In farther experiments a bill appropriating $3,000 wa$ recently iti troduced In the Kansas legislature Professor Haworth believed It would be passed. "It's the big problem cf the coun try," Professor Haworth said the other night at the Union depot in Kansas City. mine explosion has become so common that a hundred or more lives have to be sacrificed before the public will pay any attention to it. It Is noticed, too. that (lie ^plosion gen erally occurs in mines that have been carefully inspected. "Lust summer I came "io the conclu sion that we could make experiments in Kansas just as well as elsewhere. The laboratories at Lawrence offered excellent opportunities for currying on the work. We have been experiment ing as to every conceivable way that an explosion could possibly occur, aud the results of our experiments will be received with interest all over the United States." The problem of financing the experi ments caused the Kansas professor some worry at first But mine owners became interested. The Central Coal and Coke company of Kansas City alone contributed $500 for the experi ments when Professor Haworth ex plained his plans. Then some funds which had been appropriated for geo logical experiments were added to the subscriptions of the c^al companies. That made enough to \pet utloiis. Professor C. Young of the geological department was sent to the Pittsburg coal fields. He collected coql dust, coal gas In bags, marsh gas, natural gas and all forms of gas that contain ed explosive elements. Experiments demonstrated beyond doubt that car bon monoxide is the cause of most ex plosions. "The queer thing about It," said Professor Haworth, "Is the fact that no one has noticed the effects of this deadly gas in mines. At the mining congress in Pittsburg last December I was unable to find any scientist who realized that carbon monoxide might be the cause of the great disasters. Carbon monoxide is a deoxidized gas. At I-awreine we have found that the gas will explode when a current of air strikes the cavity in which it is con fined. "The importance of the discovery cannot be overestimated, for I'm con fident that fully two-thirds of the ex plosions are due to this gas."—Kansas City Times. Medals For Canat Workers. Medals of bronze manufactured from the old scrap left by Ferdinand de Lesseps In his unsuccessful effort to dig a canal across the isthmus of Pan ama are soon to be struck in the mint in Philadelphia to be presented to all American workmen on the present canal operations who can show a serv ice record extending over two years. Correspondence toward this end has been conducted for some time, and it Is expected the medals of honor will be ready for presentation In 1909. The fdea originated with President Roose velt on his visit to the canal zone. Large qualities of copper and tin have been !!v-icd from the useless French hinery for the purpose Of all sad words of tongue or pen—The saddest are these: ^"lt might have been CALUMET Baking Powder Avoid the mishapi the disappoint menu the "bad luck" in baking, bf avoiding Poor Baking OLD GOLDEN Coffee is thoroughly aged— ripened: it has the color and the flavor that you like so well, but none of the harsh taste often found in coffee. This is avoided by 0IJ) GOLDS* the thorough maturing of the berry, and by our special method of blending and roasting. OLD GOLDEN^ COFFEE is distinctly different from others its delicate aroma and smooth flavor will charm you. Grocers—25c Pound TONE BROS., Des Moines, Iowa. THREE INMATES PfcRISH Orphan's Home at Battle Creek, Mich., Destroyed by Fire. I Battle Creek, Mich., Feb. 6.—The Haskell Memorial home, a three and a half story brick orphanage located on the western boundary of this city, was destroyed by fire. Three of the thirty-seven little inmates were miss ing when the roll was counted after the fire. i In the panic that ensued when the children were awakened by the first I alarm seven little girls Jumped from a third story window, but it Is not thought that any of them were fatally hurt. James Armstrong, twelve years old, made a hero of himself by stand Ing on a shed under the windows from which the girls had to jump, directing them how to make their fall as easy as possible and actually catch ing two of the smaller girls in his arms. Mrs. R. S. Owen, who, with her husband, was In charge of the in stitution, fought her way down the main stairway while It was a mass of flames, carrying a six-weeks-old babe in her arms and two small children clinging to her skirts. FOREIGN LABORERS CLASH Race Animosity Responsible for Seri ous State of Affairs. Cincinnati, Feb. G.—Race feeling and anger because one of their num ber had been dismissed when he be came disorderly on being denied an increase in wages are responsible for a serious condition near Alexandria, Ky., where work on a natural gas pipe line to Cincinnati is under way. Hungarians, Italians and Bulgarians, who make up nearly all of the 400 la borers who are laying the pipe, clashed and in the general melee some revolver shots were fired. One of the Italians was shot In the leg, but net seriously injured. .praying Boy Is Suicide. Scranton, Pa., Feb. 6.—Kneeling as if in prayer and with his body heav ily pressing against the rope, one end of which was around his neck and the other tied to a rafter of the floor of the porch of a neighbor, twelve year-old Elmer Shrader, Bon of Mr. and Mrs. George Shrader, held that position until he strangled to death. His parents can give no cause for the suicide. Jury in Gow Case Disagrees. New York, Feb. 6.—The Brooklyn Jury before which William Gow, for merly president of the International i Trust company and director of the Borough bank of Brooklyn, was tried I on a charge of the larceny of $145,000 disagreed, -he vote standing eight for acquittal and four for conviction. Bankruptcy Law Stands. i Washington, Feb. K.-By a vote of 111 to "l !2 tl le hotter refused to repeal the national bankrui Ley law. I Powder the cheap, or big can kinds and the high price Trust brands. They are unreliable—they too often fail Don't trust them. Put your faith in Calumet—the only itrictly high-grad# baking powder Bold at a moderate cost* Wc absolutely guarantee that the results will please you. Giiuranl|li under all puic food luws—both Stale and National. Refuse substitutes—get Calumet. Received Highest Award World's Pure Food Exposition, Chicago, 1907 CHAS. B. KENNEDY PlttidH* v 883 K'( '()7(..)"().uPf [()-c o:o jjrpiaJJ THE s Madison State Bank MADISON, i D. 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It's no easy tl pick up and carry a PERFECTION Oil Healer (Equipped with Smokeless Device) In the room you want to heat—suitable lor any room in t|» house. It has a real smokeless device absolutely preventing smoke or smell—turn the wick as high as you can or as low as you like—brass font holds 4 quarts of oil that gives out glowing heat for 9 hours. Fin ished in japan and nickel—an ornament anywhere. Every heater warranted. U the lamp (or the student or reader. It gives a brilliant tfeady light that make* stud y a leaiura. Mad* ol braaa. nickel plated and equipped with the latest improved central drah burner. Every lamp warranted. [I you cannot obtain the Pefitciion Oil Heater or Rayo Lamp Ina your dealer write to our nearest agency lor dacnptivi circular, STANDARD OIL, COMPANY (Umpmtci) mntttummuM \\\\\\u\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\u\w\\\u GATARRH aas: C. L. KENNEDY, Vice President. 320 Acres of Wheat Land in WESTERN CANADA Will Make You Rich Fifty Bushels per Acre have been grown. General average is greater than in any other part of the Con tinent. Under New WtMi I if£ St.. New Ywfc Regulations it Is pos sible to secure a Homestead of 100 acres free and an addi tional 160 acres at |3 per acre. "The development of thecountry lias made marvel ous strides. It is a revelation, a record of conquest by settle ment that is remarkable." Ex tract from correspondence of a Missouri Editor, who visited Canada in August last. The urain crop of 1908 will not many laruierx S29 to S2& per acre. Gralu-ratnlncr. Mixed Fannin*, and Dairying- are tbe principal Industries. Climate la excellentl Social Conditions the beat RaU way Advantages aneqnaledi Schools, Churehea and Mirkeli clone at band. K* pampxuc and informationaa tohowtoi lowest of lm to tbe J. M. McLACHLAK, Box 116, W»tertown, 8. D.