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ki 9 N DRUGGIST Complete Optical Room ISTORY OF OIL TRUST IN DETAIL 'Jrief of Government in Dis solution Suit CONSPIRACY IS ALLEGED Attorney* for United StatM Aek Fed eral Circuit Court to Revoke Char ter by Which Giant Octopus Is Au thorized to Do Business—Enormous Earnings Cited as One Evidence of an Existing Monopoly. St. Louts, April 6.—In Its brief filed In the federal circuit court for the pastern division of the Eastern ju dicial district of Missouri in the suit of the United States to dissolve the Standard Oil company of New Jersey the government reviews the history Of the company from its inception to the present time and the declaration is made that the testimony shows that the various defendants have from the first pursued a system of unfair competition against their competitors, whereby the independent companies (selling and marketing petroleum have either been driven out of business or their business so restricted that the Standard Oil company has practically controlled the prices and monopolized the commerce in the products of petro leum In the United States. This sys tem, it is contended, has taken the form of price cutting in various locali ties, while keeping up high prices or raising them still higher in other lo calities where no competition exists of paying rebates to customers as a part of their system of price cutting of obtaining secret information as to competitive business, largely through bribing railway employes, and using their secret information to procure the countermanding of orders of inde pendent producers and to facilitate the price cutting policy of the use of so called independent companies, that is, companies held out by the Stand ard Oil company as independent which are engaged in price cutting, while the Standard Oil company maintains the price through its well known com panies and other abusive competitive methods against the competitors. Markets Its Own Products. The Standard Oil company, the brief alleges, is particularly able to carry on this predatory competition for the 6 reason that it does not sell its product at central markets or through or dinary channels, as most other or dinary manufacturers. It markets its products to the retailer in every vll lage and community In the United v States and it sella directly to the con sumer*. It does from 85 to 90 per cent of the business of the United "•tat«& leaving about IB to. IS LOOM END SALE Bright and Snappy Bargain Array in WALL PAPFR We are over stocked and in order to clean up quickly will sell 2000 Double Rolls at from 5c to 10c Per Double Roll We have a few odd rolls that we will sell at a cent a roll. Come early and get your choice. S0 A N E S O N edit for nil its i iiipetitors. It is also held that Hi-' iihioiiy taken in the Standard Oil prosecutions shows that that company, through a company in which it owns a majority of the stock (the Qalena Signal Oil company) also controls about 97^ per cent of the lubrication of railroads throughout the United States and that it sells to most railroads at enormous profits. This is evidenced by the net earnings of the company, which in 1906 were about 112 per cent on the capital stock actually paid in and about 105 per cent on a liberal valuation of the capital used. It is also shown by the further fact that the prices to these railroads are substantially double the prices charged to a few favored lines, notably the Pennsylvania. For in stance, the brief says, the New York Central railroad for ten years has paid about 100 per cent per gallon more than the Pennsylvania. It is also stated that wherever the Stand ard can do ko it has made contracts whereby it has either marketed a part or all of the product of the independ ent refineries, or has limited the out put of the same. Enormous Earnings Cited. One of the evidences of the monop oly of the defendants, it is charged, is its enormous earnings. These earn ings are summarized as follows: The Standard Oil trust and the Standard Oil company, on an investment ot' $69,024,480, had earned up to the end of 190G $838,783,783. Adding the esti mated profits of 1907 and 1908 we have substantially, the brief states, $1,000,000,000 earned by this company in twenty-seven years with an original investment of about $69,000,000. Fur ther on the brief says: "It has usually been claimed for large corporations in this country that they have Increased business and de creased the cost to the consumer, but In the case of the Standard Oil oni pany it has during ten or fifteen years actually increased the price to the re Lailer and this a good deal more than the prices rf other products through out the country, although the price of its raw material and cost of manufac ture and sale during these years has |n reased very little, if any." The trief, which occupies nearly 200 printed pages, covers with much detail the history of the company from Its original organization to the present time and asserts that its methods have been in gross violation of law aud asks the court, in view of the circumstances of the case, to an nul the contracts under which the Standard Oil company operates and dissolve the corporation. CONFERENCE UNNECESSARY Will Settle Balkan Questions by Direct Negotiations. Paris, April 6.—France, in agree ment with Great Britain and Russia, has come to the conclusion that there is no use of calling a conference of the signatories of the Berlin treaty to consider the Balkan situation. It la expected that the abolition of article 29 of this treaty, which relates to Montenegro and the port of Antivari, will be arranged, as was the annexa tion by Austria Hungary of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by direct negotiations be tween the nowera. JEWELER A. F. Laity, Optician y MING SPEECH Ex-Governor Poynter of Ne braska Dies Sudden^. Lincoln, Neb., April 6.—W. A. Poyn ter, ex-governor of Nebraska, while making a speech in the office of Gov ernor Shallenberger at the hearing oT the daylight saloon bill, was stricken by apoplexy and died within a few minutes. Poynter had scarcely finished a calm, deliberate speech in favor ot the bill when he was stricken. The physicians were unable to induce even the faintest respiration. Immediately after it was known that the ex-governor was dead Gov ernor Shallenberger said there would be no further public hearing on t.be bill for the present. A large delegation of Omaha busi ness men, headed by Mayor Dahlmati, was on hand to urge the governor to veto the measure, which permits sa loons to remain open from 7 a. m. to 8 p. m. only. MOB DOES WORK RAPIDLY Takea Negro From Jail and Strings Him Up In Three Minutea. Pensacola, Fla., April 6.—Dave Al exander, a negro, was lynched here for the murder of Policeman Carter, whom the negro stabbed to death while resisting arrest in the negro section. While the police station was com paratively deserted a crowd of about twenty-five men, at the point of re volvers, took the black from his cell and hanged him from an electric light pole only half a block from the jai and Just opposite the postoffice. A' the body swayed and writhed in th* air forty or fifty bullets were fired into it The entire incident lasted CMly three minutes. C0RBETT AFTER JOHNSON •aya Negro Must Fight Him or Back Down. Chicago, April 6.—"Jack Johnson is not going to lead the simple life when I get to New York. He has got to fight or back down." This was the statement made by James J. Corbett before he departed on a trip which winds up his theat rical season for the spring. He has two weeks of engagements In Ohio and will then proceed directly to Gotham, where he says he will force the colored boxer into a meeting. "Johnson broke his word about cov ering my forfeit," said Corbett. "I posted the money and he ought to have come through with his. He claims to have $j,000 up Bomewhere, but it must be in cold storage, for no ana can find it." MADISON. SOUTH DAKOTA, T1ESDAY, APRIL 6, 1909 HOUSE VOTES ON TARJFFMIDAY Date Fixed by Rule From Rales Committed LIMIT TO AMENDMENTS Confined to "r and bar PW* Irrif. torted by Ways se'&nd to Lum id Barley Malt on Petroleum. Amendment if* Ad Valorem i—t Washington, April &—Final vote on the Payne tariff bill jWas fixed for lock next Friday id a rule reported to the house by the %ules committee. Tie order limits the amendments to tln^e coming from the ways and ith ins committee and to the lumber, hiilisa, barley and barley malt para graphs and provides for an amend ing essary. He declared, however, that on petroleum. When the rule was reported Mr. Dal zell explained it in detail. Mr. Underwood of Alabama, a mem ber of the committee on ways and means, said that he believed the con sensus was In favor of closing gen eral debate and that an }rder was not meat imposing 25 per cent ad valorem tli( only question of difference was as 0 how the bill itself should be con 1 red. He opposed voting en bloc n the amendments and the various provisions of the bill. To close debate on the tariff rule Mr Dalzell (Pa.) moved the previous iu« stion. Minority Leader Clark moved to recommit, which was over ruled. Democrats forced a roll call on the Dalzell motion. The motion for the previous ques tion, considered a test vote on the special order for amendment to the tariff bill, was adopted, 196 to 180. On a roll call forced by the Demo orats the order limiting debate on the tariff bill was adopted by the house, the vote being 194 ayes te 178 nays. ON QUESTION OF TARIFF Democratic Senators Not Governed by Denver Platform. Washington, April 6.—That the Democratic senators who have local interests which might be injuriously affected by a reduction of the tariff on them will not feel called upon to al low the declarations of the Denver platform to stand in the way of their opposing such reductions is made evi dent by a letter which Senator Sim mons of North Carolina has written on the subject of the tariff on lumber. He takes the position that the Dem ocratic pledge of a tariff for revenue only was made with reference to the whole tariff system and that, there fore, It does not apply to any individ ual article. He declares that the tar Iff for lumber is already low, as com pared with the duty on other building materials, such as steel, Iron and cement, and adds that even the pres ent duty of $2 Clothing Compaq on lumber is on the revenue basis and he promises to do all that he can to maintain the rate. TO FIGHT FOR FREE HIDES Leather Industries Open Headquar ters in Washington. Washington, April f.—The leather industries of the country have openwd headquarters in Washington for the purpose of making a fight before con gress to restore hides to the free list. The leather men say they are not de manding higher duties, but ask for free raw material. In the hearings before the ways and means committee tho Bhoe and leather men consented to a reduction of 50 per cent in the duties on shoes and leather if they could get the benefit of raw material free. PROTESTS READ IN SENATE Michigan Objects to Free Iron Ore and Minnesota to Free Barley. Washington, April 6. Protests against the Payne tariff bill were prominent in the proceedings of the senate. Senator William Alden Smith had read a vigorous declaration of some of the Iron ore interests of .Mich igan against placing that product on the free list and Senator Clapp pre sented an equally strong petition from bis constituents of Minnesota object ing to taking the protective tariff tax from harlev Wheeler's Nomination Withdrawn. Washington, April 6.—The presl dent has withdrawn the nomination of William G. Wheeler to be United States attorney for the Western dis trict of Wisconsin. Mr. Wheeler has accepted a more lucrative position as attorney for the Chicago and North western railway In Wisconsin. ADMIRAL CERVERA BURIED Body Carried to Grave on Shoulders of 8ailors and 8oldiers. Madrid, April 6.—The body of Vlco Admiral Cervera, who died Saturday afternoon, was buried here. The body was placed in a simple black coffin and was carried to the grave on the shoulders of sailors and soldiers. A salute of twenty-one volleys waa flrel ADMIRAL CERVERA. at the grave. Following out the ad miral'B request there were no flowers Admiral Cervera will be remerti bered as the commander of the Span Ish fleet that was defeated by the Americans at the entrance of Santiago harbor, Cuba, July 3,1898. NEW MARATHON CHAMPION St. Yves Only Twenty Years Old and Not Built Like a Runner. New York, April 6.—Waiter in a London restaurant and without a dol lar less than a year ago Henri St. I Yves is today acclaimed the greatest Marathon racer in the world through his victory in the Marathon Derby at the polo grounds here. The young Frenchman, who speaks little English as yet, but earned 5,000 American dollars in one afternoon, was about town receiving the con gratulations of his countrymen, par ticularly from a bunch of waiters in a down town restaurant, who seized the opportunity to back one of their kind at tho prevailing odds of 12 to 1 In appearance St. Yves does not look like a runner. He is short in stature and built like a wrestler, with powerful legs, broad shoulders, a deep #hest and muscular arms. But regard less of his appearance St. Yves showed the big crowd at the polo grounds that when It comes to speed and endurance there was not a Mara thon runner, professional or amateur, who could have taken his measure on the form he displayed. St. Yves Is not yet twenty-one years old, but he is regarded as the greatest long distance runner in the world. TWENTY-ONE ARE MISSING British Vessel 8trikes Derelict OfT South American Coast. London. April 6.—A dispatch to Lloyds from Punta Arenas, Chile, says that the British steamer Oak Branch atruck what is supposed to have been a derelict in the straits of Westmin ster and was abandoned in a sinking condition. The first officer and eight een of the crew and passengera were landed safely, but the captain and twenty persons are missing. The Oak Branch Is a vessel of 11,064 tons and sailed from Liverpool ft* We Invite Your Patronage^.. NEW SPRING CLOTHING AND FURNISHINGS The most Complete Line in the City We 3fts showing an immencc line of SUITS AND GRAVEN ETS, made by some of the leading manu facturers in the country, ranging in price from $12.50 to $27.50 FURNISHINGS This department represents the newest in everything. Every imaginable style in: HATS, CAPS, SHIRTS, NECKWEAR, HOSIERY, Etc. See our special line of Suits at $15, they are excep tional values. .* .* .• I i i- DB. H. GULSTINE, •DENTIST... naiad IF YOU WANT -i to save time and mon ey and get a square deal, now is the time to plan the Wall Dec orations for your home, your store* your office. O N W A I until you are ready to have the work done. Decide in advance on your color effects, and thus get what you want. I am ready to show you the swellest line of WALL PAPERS in the city, at prices that will surprise you. Remember, I carry the largest stock in the city and 1 make Saturday a special tales day, to .show and sell goods to everybody. I carry a full line of Kalsomine, Varnish, Room Mouldings and Plate Rails. When you come to town call and see what I have to offer you. BURT STACY, CHAS. B. KENNEDY MM* —THE'*— MADISON, S. FARM LOANS AT LOWEST POSSIBLE RATES PHONE 293 Office is Psataffke 6*. MAIMSON, S. DA* QR. O. ESTREM, Physician and OTFICE PHONE 293 HOUSE PHONE, Grata 4392 Offkt la Psstefkc Blh. MADISON. S. DAK fOLEftftWflNHR oa«the asa White Wyaadotte Eggs Seventy-five Cent# per Setting, or Three Dollars per Hundred Mrs. Geo. Porter. 1 I li 2 5 i i TW t. KENNEDY, VIM •r! •te.