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The Madison daily leader. [volume] (Madison, S.D.) 1890-current, September 09, 1909, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99062034/1909-09-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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British Admiral Who Will Visit
This Country hi FaH
Admiral Dewey Had Warm Friendship
•nd Admiration For Gallant English
Sea Dog Who Was Prominent at Ma
nils and During the Great Boxer Re-
In China.
The choice of Sir E. Hobart Seymour
command Great Britain's fleet of
warships at the Hudson-Fulton cele
bration in New York has aroused fa
rorable comment on both sides of the
Ever 6ince Admiral Seymour stood
nobly nt Dewey's back at Manila
Americans have had an exceptionally
warm place in tlieir hearts for him.
Later when he commanded the allied
forces in a gallant but unsuccessful
attempt to relieve Peking in 1900 he
again endeared himself to all who
read the reports concerning the expe
At the time of the Boxer uprising,
when Seymour and his men were lost
to eight in thft country between Tien
tsin and Pekin, the London Mall print
ed the following extract from Admiral
Dewey's Chicago speech of May 1,
"My dear old friend. Sir Edward
Seymour, Is more than a brother to
me. 1 will remember his friendship
to the end. In Manila bay when I
was In a most trying position this
English commander stood loyally at
my back, if it had not been for his
moral support I cannot say what
might have happened."
At that time Admiral 8eymour was
in command of the China station. He
was already a4 old friend of Admiral
Dewey, and, though not at Manila
during hostilities, It was undoubtedly
because of his general orders that the
English ships backed Dewey so well.
After the battle of Manila, in which
Dewey wiped out the Spanish fleet,
the Germans mobilized at Manila a
stronger fleet than that under the
American commander's command, and
It was then that Seymour's friendship
was especially valuable. Their oflicers
and men displayed sympathy for the
Spaniards and showed disregard for
the blockade established. Serious fric
tion, which might have led to open
rupture, followed. On one occasion,
when Dewey learned that a cruiser
from the Germans had landed provi
sions at Man Ma. the American admiral
sent his flag lieutenant to Rear Ad
miral von Dioderich to Inform him of
this "extraordinary disregard of the
^sual courtesies of naval Intercourse"
and to say that "if he wants a fight
be can have it right now."
This notification was followed by a
disavowal of the action of the cruiser.
When the joint army and navy oper
ations against Manila began on Aug.
13, 1898. the German and French men
of-war occupied a position northwest
of the city, from which they command
ed the American station. The English
and Japanese lay off Cavite near the
•tue ricans.
Americana Feared Germans.
The Americans feared that the Ger
mans might tire on them during the
bombardment of the city. This fear
WAs quieted when Captain Chichester,
senior British naval oflicer, placed his
Ships between the German admiral and
Dewey. Captain Chichester undoubt
edly acted under general instructions
from Admiral Seymour. Later Cap
tain Chichester. In telling of his rela
tions with Admiral von Diederichs,
•'When the German admiral sent me
•word that he was coming aboard my
'•Hip to get me to join In a protest
Against Dewey's action I looked up In
ternational Inw and spread the books
Ollt OS my cabin table with the pages
•pen and marked, all in a row, and
s i
v& *aiJSUi'
When he came I said: 'What can I do?
This American admiral is so deadly
right, in all he has done and all ho
proposes to do that If we protest we
will merely show that we do not un
undorstand law.' Of course there was
nothing to be done, and I did it."
It may be said that during the en
tire war with Spain Admiral Seymour
.and the men under him acted as sec
onds for Dewey and his sailors. They
offered moral aid when Germany and
France were making things a trifle un
comfortable for the Americans.
In Tientsin in June, 1900. when the
Boxers had closed in on Pekin, Admi
ral Seymour, then In full command of
the British Asiatic fleet, was by agree
ment made leader of the British,
American, Japanese, Austrian, Rus
sian. Italian, German and French
sailors and marines who sought to
raise the siege of the capital city.
There were 2,066 officers and men
In all.
Medal For Heroic Deed.
On the right breast of Admiral Sey
mour !s pinned, among others, a medal
received when as a young naval officer
he plunged into a shark infested sea
at night in order to save a sailor from
Admiral Seymour was born In 184:
and entered the navy when twelve
years old. From the time of the Cri
mean war in 1854 until the Egyptian
war of 18S2 his life was one of con
tinual fighting. He was fourteen
years old and a midshipman on the
Furious at the bombardment of Odes
sa. He was present also at the bom
bardment of Sebastopol, one of the
worst battles of the kind in modern
Later he was commander of the
Growler and operated for several years
against pirates on the eastern coast of
Africa and on the Kongo river. He
was wounded severely in the leg dur
ing this later period.
In the Rgyptlan war of 1882 Admiral
Seymour commanded the Iris and the
Inflexible, lie was a captain at that
time. In October, 1905, Admiral Sey
mour visited Boston on board the Iver
nia. He was the naval officer of the
highest rank that had as yet visited
America, and his command over the
American sailors in China gave him a
unique position in the eyes of Ameri
There are few Instances when the
flag of an admiral of the fleet has been
flown at sea, and when coupled with
the fact that Admiral Seymour, who
will come here on the Inflexible, was
one of the two recipients of the Order
of Merit when it was first established
it will show the keen Interest which
England has in the coming celebration.
True Significance of Plan to Send
Cherry Trees to America.
In the daily press there has recently
appeared a little Item of news whose
full significance the American public
does not realize. Instead of sending
warships to participate in the IIudson
Fulton celebration, the emperor of
Japan has indicated his desire to con
vey to the New York authorities a gift
of 300 cherry trees, one for each year
the Hudson has been known to the
world, to be planted on both sides of
Riverside drive, New York, or in any
other spot the officials may determine.
The ordinary reader will Bimply be
struck with this intelligence as a very
nice thing for the emperor to do, and
people who do not believe much in mil
itary and naval display will perhaps
say in their hearts that the emperor
has chosen the better way to indicate
his felicitation. But only a very few
will know that, from the Japanese
standpoint, much more Is intended.
The cherry blossom is not only the
greatly beloved flower of the Japanese
people, sharing a place in their affec
tion with the chrysanthemum, the na
tional flower of the empire, but is &
symbol of the very soul of the man
hood of Japan. That Is why it has
been celebrated In song that is why
the people flock to the cherry gardens
in crowds, in order that while gazing
upon the outward beauty their souls
may be baptized afresh with a bap
tism of the real Japanese spirit
There Is nothing In the American life
to illustrate just what the cherry
means to the Japanese people. But If
we had some symbol of nature that
would embody all that Plymouth rock,
all that the Declaration of Independ
ence, all that the emancipation proc
lamation means of liberty, patriotism,
union, and then if our president should
select 300 of the choicest specimens of
this emblem and officially send them
as representing the felicitations of the
American people to a friendly power
at the time of some important celebra
tion they would surely be considered
to carry a message of good will.
Abruzzi to Be Rear Admiral.
The announced program of the Dnke
of the Abruzzi for some time to come
shows that a trip to America is com
pletely excluded. After leaving the
steamship Oceania, on which he Is re
turning to Italy, he will go to Racco
nlgi to visit King Victor Emmanuel
and Queen Elena. On returning to
Italy he will attend to the publication
of a book on his last expedition to the
Himalayas. After this work has been
completed he will resume his service
with the fleet, when, it is understood,
he will be promoted to the rank of
HNur admlnfe
England to Celebrate Bicenten
nial of Writer's Birth.
Actual House Remains In Lichfield
Where the Great Genius Was Born.
Old Three Crowns Inn Also Exists.
Sept. 18 the Big Day.
Shakespeare excepted, it is doubtful
If there is another great writer of the
past whose personality appeals more to
readers on both sides of the Atlantic
and to Americans in particular than
does that of Dr. Samuel Johnson, the
irascible English scholar and poet, re
nowned lexicographer and hero of the
most remarkable biography ever writ
Lichfield, the little city In Stafford
shire, England, where Dr. Johnson was
born, was his home for over thirty
years. This month Is likely to see
Lichfield thronged with Americans, for
It Is at this time that Johnson's city
will celebrate In a way worthy of his
fame the two hundredth anniversary
of Its great man's birth.
Preparations for the Johnson bicen
tenary celebration have been going on
for many months. Dr. Johnson en
tered this mundane sphere on Sept. IS,
1709, and on Sept. 16, 1909, the com
memoration exercises in his honor will
begin at Lichfield With an exhibition
of relics of the grouchy old philosopher
In the venerable house in Market square
where he first saw the light of day.
Authentic Birthplace.
Unlike a good many other literary
shrines, there Is no doubt about the
authenticity of Dr. Johnson's birth
place. Luckily for the lexicographer's
admirers, the quaint two storied house
with pillars where old .Michael John
son kept his bookshop became the
property of the corporation of Lich
field a few years ago. It then was in
sorry condition, but has been rever
ently restored and now is practically
as it was when Samuel Johnson lived
In it. Part of the exhibition of John
sonlana which visitors to the house
will see next September is a perma
nent collection which has been formed
and placed In the building since its ac
quisition by the corporation, but other
relics of the sage are to come from
many quarters. While examining these
and going through the house visitors
will be able to use their imaginations
and picture the famous moralist first
as a juvenile poet apostrophizing
"good master duck" and what not oth
er pets and later as a studious youth
filling his head with the contents of
the tomes In his father's bookshop.
Later still they will see Johnson, who
was described as "the best qualified
for Oxford of all the young men that
had ever gone there," home again
without his degree because of insuffi
cient means to continue his studies,
and finally they will figure him, after
the failure of his ill fated academy,
quitting Lichfield for London in com
pany with David Garrlck. who had
been one of his two pupils.
The second day of the Lichfield cele
bration will be devoted mainly to visits
to places of Interest associated with
Johnson and his friends. One of these
will be the old Three Crowns Inn,
which stands next door but one to the
Johnson homestead. Regarding its
claim to have housed the choleric
scholar and his biographer there Is no
question. Dr. Johnson, in fact, almost
invariably put up at the Three Crowns
when he came down to Lichfield from
London, and he first brought Boswell
with him In the historic year 177G.
The old Inn Is said to be practically
just as It was when Johnson and Bos
well drank innumerable cups of tea.
To Play
,W V \k
Stoope to Conquer."
On the afternoon of this day there
will be a lecture on "The Life and In
fluence of the Master at the Lichfield
Grammar School," where Johnson was
a pupil under Hunter, which peda
gogue he described as "very severe
and wrong headedly severe." On the
evening of the second day of the cele
bration there will be n performance
by local amateurs of Goldsmith's com
edy'"She Stoops to Conquer," which
was dedicated to Johnson.
Next day other places which are as
sociated with Johnson and his friends
will be visited. Among these will be
Edial, where the 111 starred "academy
for young gentlemen," in which the
scholar managed to sink most of his
wife's little fortune, was situated.
Kept. 18, Johnson's birthday, will,
however, be the big day of Lichfield's
celebration. On this date there wili
be a great gathering of citizens, visitors
and children In the Market square,
where stand statues of the doctor and
his faithful Boswell. Addresses will
be made by distinguished scholars,
hymns will be sung and medals pre
sented. Later the mayor of Lichfield
will hold a reception at the guildhall
and the annual meeting of the Johnson
club will be held. The evening will
witness a Johnson supper at the old
George hotel. Sunday. Sept. 19, will
Bee the end of the John»m celebration
with a service at the cafuedral, which
has been described as the "most chaste
and one of the most perfect in the
Results of Teste In California to Kill
Destructive Animal.
Interesting results were recently an
nounced by the forest service as a re
sult of the campaign conducted in
lout hern California by Stanley E.
riper, expert of the biological survey
of the department of agriculture, to ex
terminate ground squirrels and go
Extensive experiments were made to
ieterinine the best means of killing off
these destructive little animals, and it
was found that the most effective re
sults were obtained by using poisoned
green or ripening barley heads. The
squirrels are exceedingly fond of this
green herbage and eagerly ate the poi
soned food placed along their runways.
Tests were also made with oats, wheat,
barley, raisins, prunes, dried apples
and cracked corn, bat these did not
prove so successful.
While green barley proved most suc
cessful for poisoning ground squirrels,
yet the difficulty of procuring a suffi
cient supply In all localities led to
dried barley grain being tried. The
grain was treated with, strychnine sul
phate. saccharine and eggs, and, al
though this combination proved very
destructive to thfc squirrels, it had
practically no, effect upon dovm and
quail. In fact, a deliberate a empt
was made to poison these bl is at
their watering places, but no ef
fect resulted. The poisoned grn was
also used in fields grazed oi by
sheep and produced no ill effects what
The experiments also proved that
gophers were partial to raisins and
dried apples, and the^e were success
fully used In the poison experiment It
was found that by sprinkling the ap
ples or raisins with the strychnine so
lution as effective results were pro
duced as could be obtained by insert
ing the poison Into the fruit.
The experiments for exterrtination
of squirrels also resulted in the death
of a considerable number of rabbits,
and in other experiments it was found
that poisoned oats proved very effec
tive in killing both jacks and cotton
tails. Green alfalfa was also used with
good results for the same purpose.
Winner of World's Record For Dura
tion of Flight at Rheims Meet.
Louis Paulhan, the French aviator
who recently won the world's record
for durutiou of flight* at "le aviation
meet in Rheims, France, is twenty-six
years old. While still a mechanic in
the workshop where the dirigible Ville
de Paris was constructed two years
ago he won a prize for a toy aeroplane
at M. Lepine's toy exhibition. The
prize was an aeroplane offered by Vol
sin, and it was in this machine that
Paulhan made his great flight the other
When he won the prize Paulhan ex
hibited it to his friends, but as it had
no engine and he was not rich enough
to buy one it was of no use to him at
that time. A few friends, however,
formed a little company, bought a mo
tor and sent Paulhan out to give ex
hibition flights.
His experience accordingly dates
from the beginning of July of this
year, when after a very few practice
flights be exhibited his machine at
Douia, where he reached the record
height of 450 feet. He also flew for
1 hour 32 minutes. Later on he exhib
ited the aeroplane at Dunkirk, wherw
he won some $2,000 in prizes. Paul
han is married and has one child.
Parisian Councilman Wants City til
Promote Event.
Quentin Bauchart, an influential
member of the city council of Paris,
will ask for an appropriation of $20,
000 for an aeroplane race between
Paris and Bordeaux.
Paul Doumer, former president of
the chamber of deputies, reading the
lesson of IIhelms, declared that the
period of preliminaries was now past
and that the world's scientists and en
gineers slum Id set to work on the con
struction of aeroplanes that should be
practical as well as powerful.
Some of the French newspapers
especially Interested In aviation are
already agitating for a change of rules
for the international cup, which was
won by Glenn II. Ciytlss. They say u
twenty kilometer (twelve and two-fifths
miles) dash does not furnish an ade
quate test of the merits of the ma
chines and point out that when the
conditions were laid down twenty kilo
meters seemed a great achievement,
but this has already been outgrown.
It Is suggested that a change be made
tt 9 long distance endurance race.
World's Largest Picture.
Another record has been broken.
This time the size of a painting will
stand for the new record. Until now
it has been supposed that the Tinto
retto "Paradise" In the palace of the
doges, In Venice, which covers a
space equal to 1,000 square feet was
the largest work of that kind In ex
istence. Mnlo-Nord's creation for the
Paris court) 'use will have a surface
space of about 3.235 square feet and
will undoubtedly be the largest dec
orative painting in the world.
French Navy Department Investigates
a Musician's Remarkable Claim.
If the discovery of a musician at
Clermont, near Paris, be all that It is
claimed to be. ships In the future will
no longer be liable to sink, and sal
rage companies may liquidate their
business. He claims to have discov
fred one of nature's mysterious secrets,
but for the present declines to give the
slightest hint as to what It is.
For some time past the ministry of
the navy has been receiving letters
from a pianist at Clermont, who stated
that lie was ready to prove by con
[•lu: lvt» tests that he had a secret for
preventing battleships riddled with
shells and boats of every description
from sinking. Even If a ship were
cut up into several pieces he could
prevent it from going to the bottom.
Ore can imagine the frame of mind
with which the ofhclals nt the minis
try received these missives. But some
how or other, after returning again
and again to the clmrge. he succeeded
in inducing the'ministry to appoint a
representative to attend aonw experi
ments in a pond in the park of the
Chateau de Sarllevras.
A naval construction engineer, lie
sides a general, a colonel, a major and
a university professor, was present.
£l1i exact model of a submarine In zinc,
tome two yards long, and a similar
model of a battleship, representing its
compartments, turrets, guns and the
minutest details, were tried. All the
valves in the submarine were opened,
and It was allowed to sink. In a few
minutes It rose to the surface. The
miniature battleship was then riddled
with revolver shots, and Its hull was
ripped open, but it kept afloat. Noth
ing apparently could make It sink oue
Inch in the water.
The spectators looked on In wonder
ment. They came to the conclusion
that perhaps the pianist after all while
running his fingers over the scales and
playing Beethoven's souatas had dis
covered some valuable secrets. They
wanted to know what they were. The
Inventor at this point said that he
had shown them clearly enough that he
knew how to make ships unsinkable.
He wonkl not say another word until
a hard and fast contract had been
signed. He would then make experi
ments on a larger scale.
The spectators went away with a
rather mixed impression, not feeling
quite sure whether they had been mys
tified or had witnessed a promising
discovery. A report has been banded
In to the admiralty.
Plenty ef Dags, but Few Babies.
The canine population of France is
on the Inemise. although the human
birth rate has decreased. In 1891 there
w e e 2 8 4 0 o s I n 1 0 0 1 3
while in 1D08 their number exceeded
3,500.000. The tax on dogs brings more
than 10,000.000 francs annually to the
French budget. 1 franc 00 centimes
being levied on each of the 2.flt55..r.v
watchdogs nnd 0 francs 92 centimes
on 8S4.3J4 animals kept merely as pets
flew Varieties of Roses.
At pose competition in Paris re*
cently sixty-nine entirely ttfW varie
ties of roses were exhibited.
By Lydia E. Pinkham's
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health and kept me
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table. I will never be without this
medicine in the house."—Mrs. Sam'l
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Another Operation Avoided.
Adrian, Ga. "I suffered untold
misery from female troubles, and my
doctor said an operation was my only
chance, and I dreaded it almost as
much as death. Lydia E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound completely cured
me without an operation.'1—LEJS'A V.
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Phone 195
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