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DELEGATH FROM W STATES MAPPING OI ItKJJKF PT.AXS FOK TION BY (XNGKKSS. Washington, D. C., April 14.— Lower transportation charges, econo my in taxation, equal treatment un der any tariff law and short time credits are among subjects represent atives of farmers in thirty states bet an discussing today, preliminary to making up a program of legisla tion to be asked of congress for re lief of the agricultural situation. The executive committee and delegates fro mthe associations of the Ameri can Farm Bureau federation began conferences which are expected to continue ten days, and which include a meeting with President Harding and is cabinet Wndn3sday In addition to receiving reports to day the committee was addressed by A. T. Fowler, member of the federal farm loan board, and held a round table discussion with Governor Har ding of the federal reserve board. Secretary Wallace is expected to meet with the delegates tomorrow to go over the tariff situation. Secretary Wallace announced today that a committee of live stock men in the west were taking up the ques tion of developing a marketing or ganization on the plan of the gram marketing cummittee of 17, which »va= latitied ait Chicago last week This outcome of the Chicago meet u£. Mi Wallace asserted, should b«* i eassuriiig" to those who had fear ed the farmers were trying "to de velop a corner on their own product." Ill fiJIHDSIMIOtf INTRODUCES RESOLUTIOM FOR PROBE—CONSOLIDATIOH Of* SYSTEMS. Washington, Aptil 14—Senator Al bert Cummins, of Iowa, by introduc ing Tuesday his resolution calling for a thorough investigation of the rail road crisis, hopes to lay all facts in the situation before the country, and to determine if possible, the causes that are threatening the breakdown of transportation. He says charges of mismanage ment an dineffieiency will be investi gated, together with charges of la bor inefficiency. •'We want all the facts," said Sen ator Cummins, "no matter who is hit. The expenses both for mainten ance and operation are too high. Giv ing all weight possible to the dimin ished traffic, it will not account for the negligible net income of the roads. "It is costing the railroads too much to earn the money which they are earning. This may be due to mis management or to inefficiency or to unreasonable compensation to those that operate the roads from presi dent down." Senator CummAns still declines to believe government ownership is in prospect. But he can conceive a sit uation where the government might be forced to step in, if present ten^ dencies are not checked. He declared his belief that government operation had proved a failure and was to be Bhunned. He said he believed economies could be affected which could save $600,000,000 or $700,000,000 yearly, mentioning the possible saving of $300,000,000 in the labor bill, $150, 000.000 in the coal and $75,000,000 in the bill for ties. Senator Cummins explained he was not in favor of wholesale wage cuts, but said he be lieved the saving could be made o u e a u s e n s w i o u greatly disturbing basic prices. Coupled with this he hopes a busi ness revival, increasing traffic, will swell the roads' income, and that the cost of materials and supplies will come down. He said he would endeavor to bring about consolidation of the roads into possibly 18 great systems and that meantime regional consoli dation as favored by Cummins is be ing prepared by the Interstate Com merce Commission. "The business of the country must know what it eosts to operate the tailroads," sal Senator Cummins. 'That is axiomatic. At the same time they must be operated efficient-! iv and in the best interests of the public. The people will note be con tent to tax themselves to maintain the roads." More Rescued From The Sea1 Beaumont, Texas. April 14.—Thir fppn more members of the crew of the ill fated Colonel Bowie were picked up eight miles off port of Tampico. according to a radio mess age received by port authorities. II and with (hp joint agricultural committees and other members of congress Friday night. REPORTS SHOW SEEIMNG OPER ATIONS WELL ODER WAY THROI CiHOUT STATE. Grand Forks, N. D., April 14.— Seeding operations in North Dakota were reported well under way throughout the state today, when a survey of conditions in a general way was made through the offices of the county agents and the extension di vision of the North Dakota agricul tural college. In the extreme north eastern tier of counties, seeding can not be started for a week or 10 days as the result of the t»eavy snowfall last week, which l^ft th»* field* too wet for work. The acreage to be placed under cul tivation will approximate five per cent under 1^0. while the area to be dfvoted' to wheat will be about 15 per cent less than last year. In the northern part of the state the acreage will be reduced but alightly and reports from the south western district indicate that from 25 to 40 per cent less will be culti vated than in 1920. In that section the land is reported too dry, but in Golden Valley county and other dis tricts in the extreme western section, "There crop failures have been preva ?nt the last five years, conditions ave never been better. Reports from Beach in Golden Valley, also estimat ed the acreage at approximately the same as in 1920. County agents of northern North Dakota, in conference here with agri cultural and livestock experts from the state agricultural college, declar ed that the financial stringency in the u a o u n i i e s i s e s o n s i e the reduced acreage. Many farmers are attempting to do their spring seeding without outside assistance and, a« a result, have been forced to reduce the area put under cultivation. Wages throughout the state, rec ommended by the Farm Bureau fed eration, have been fixed at $35 and $40 a month. The supply of mar ried men. seeking labor for them selves and wives, has been too plenti ful. No district has reported a short age of labor. The influx of laboring men from the lumber camps of north ern Minnesota the last 10 days has placed the supply far above the de *n u t* Texas Town Des troyed By Tornado McKinnev. Texas, April 14.—With eight known dead and fifty injured, several seriously, relief parties con tinued to search the ruins in the town of Melissa which, with the ex ception of one or two buildings, was laid waste by a tornado late yester day. Dallas, Texas, April 14.—Ten are dead and probably seventy five in jured as a result of the tornado in Mellisaa, Texas. Appeals for relief reached here by courier. OtliT com munication is halted. Broker Lives With Two Wives MMr Hrk. April M.—Herbert Thorn ton Andrews, 30, a -prosperous Wall street broker, today promised full explanation of the strange cir cumstances under which he is resid ing with two women in a Jersey City apartment. Each one claims to be his wife. Maud Augusta Andrews paid he married Andrews in Port land. Maine, in 1912. Esther Marie Andrews said she married Andrews in Pittsburgh last January. The first Mrs. Andrews is the mother of two 'children, John, eight, and Harley, six. Andrews Ls said to claim that I the first woman was never legally his wife. There was frequent trouble between the two women but Andrews always smoothed it over. I WSIIICT MEETING IEDEKU6 SUCCESS OVER ONE WTXDTIED DELEGAT- EH ENTERTAINED IX HOME OF LOCAL MEMBERS. When the district meeting of Re bekahs opened their sessions at 2:30 p. m. yesterday there were more than a hundred delegates present repre senting Ramona, Howard, Fedora. Winfred, Carthage and Vilas. Many Si 'hat number made the drive to Madison by auto. At the depot in coming trains were met by a recep tion committee that assigned district ~nd assembly officers to certain Mia ison honn'.s for entertainment. In the afternoon there were pres ent as guests of honor Mrs. M. C. Orr-Elliot, grand assembly presi dent Mrs. Selen R. Fish, of Red field, past assembly president Mrs. Hattie Borland, assembly secretary and Mrs. Julif F. Ball, past assem bly president. Durins the course of tin' day these officers gave inierest ttic talks to th»* visiting delegates and slsn to the members of Hope Lodge No. 2. Mrs. George Matthews, of this city was the presiding officer. The principal feature of the dis trict meeting, aside fro mthe inner work, was the awarding of a banner to the lod*:e making the best show ing in secret work. The honors this lime w^nt to Carthage whose repre sentatives present appreciatively re ceived the distinction given their lodge. The regular meeting of the local lodg** occurred at 8:00 p. m. follow ing a two course dinner served to 250 people a( Odd Fellow hall The tables at the dinner wext. beautifully decorated with clusters of snapdra gons and soiiiax. Two Candidates were Initiated at last night's session after which a short, program was rendered. Fol lowing the opening song, "America," there were two solo selections by Miss Seligar, of Canova. A special orchestra, composed of three mem bers. Messrs. Henz, Mease and Shearer furnished lively string mu sic. Mrs. J. R. Westaby rendered a well applauded solo member with Miss Lila Palmer as accompanist. The conclusion of the day's events came when four hundred people en joyed a midnight lunch. The visitors at the meeting just closed are grateful to local members for the hospitality afforded them dur ing their stay In the city. —o PASSED AWAY AFTESft All B#L BHM8 OF SEVERAL DAYS OS* PNEUMONIA. Mrs. Fred Uthe. aged 37 yetEB, of Lakeview township, died at 3:35 a. m. today of penumonia after an ill ness of a week or more. Deceased ic survived by husband and four young children, Mary, Adolph, George and Anna. Also father, John Heid enshield, of LeMars, la., two sisters, Mrs. Burt Uthe and Miss Mary Heid enshield, of Lake county an.d three brothers, Chas. Heidenshield. of Lake county, and William and Samuel, of LeMars. The funeral services will be held from the Methodist church in this city, but the date and the place of burial has not been decided upon, awaiting the arrival of the father. The family have resided in this county since 1909, coming here from Plymouth county, Iowa. For several years they resided on a«rented farm, but two years ago Mr. Uthe purchas ed a farm and is only now completing his building improvements. John Heidenshield, father of Mrs. Cthe, and son, Samuel arrived this afternoon from LeMars. The funeral will be held from the house at 2:30 'o'clock and from the M. E. church at 3 o'clock. Sunday afternoon. Burial in Graceland cemetery. o Pass Street Car Control Bill St. Paul. April 14.—The state sen ate today repassed the street car con trol bill giving the railroad ware house commission power to fix street car fares in Minnesota. The bill now goes to Governor Preufc Farm Machinery Prices Slashed Chicago, 111., April 14.—The first effect of the slash in steel prices was felt here today when a straight ten per cent cut in prices on farm ma- MADISON, SOUTH DAKOTA, THURSDAY, APRIL 14,1921. •hinery in ^hich steel is used wa.s announced 1)5 the International Ha vester Co. The reduction applies chiefly to harvesting machinery, cov e ring grail* binders, shockers, rea pers, mowers, hayrakes, side delivery i ikes, tenders, loaders, corn binders, ^uskers, pickers and silo fillers. A reduction of ten per cent in prices on all farm machinery composed prin cipally of wood and iron was an nounced last month by the Harvester cutufNtay. BILLS PLENTIFUL IS IE HOUSE AIMED lO COVKft IMPORTANT NATIONAL PROBLEMS. Washington, D. C., April 14.—Bill designer to cover some of the more important problems before congress were introduced today in the house. They included the emergency tariff, repeal of some war taxes and propos als for new ones, soldier bonus and soldier relief, federal budget, restric tion no immigration and federal road building. While the "five way" plan of vet eran organizations for deferred com pensation to the ex-service tyen be came house 4iU No. 1, the tax ques tion was foremost. Representative Longworth, of Ohio, proposed repeal of excess profits and war profits tax ation. The suggestion was repeated by Representative Baeharaeh. of New Jersey, and Molt, ui New York, who proposed imposition of groBS sales t&xeb at I per cent. The Bacharach mea~uie iidu suggested reduction of normal iucoiue rates to per cent, and application ou the surtax to incomes above $7,000, with a maxi mum rate of 40 per cent. Chairman Fordney, of the ways and means committee, presenting th^ service men's proposal, which provid es for alternatives between cash pay ments, and settlement, insurance, vo cational education and home build ing, left out taxation proposals, but Representative Gallivan, of Massa chusetts, put in a duplicate of the bill as it passed the house last sea^ sion. Representative Sweet, republican, of Iowa, introduced a bill to consoli date all boards and bureaus having to do with soldier rehabilitation, and Representative Fess, republican, of Ohio, suggested exemption from in come taxes of all payments to veter ans undergoing \ocational training. Immigration restrictions, decided on by the last congress in enacting a bill limiting annual entrance of aliens to 3 per cent of the total resi dent of each nationality as found by iii»- lylu census, was proposed by Chairman Johnson, of the immigra tion committee. His bill duplicated that which President Wilson gave a pocket veto. Representative Blanton, democrat, of Texas, whose battles with his as sociates in congress have attracted attention, suggested that congress be reduced from 435 members to 304, and he reapportioned according to the 1U20 census, but would provide for holding the membership to its pres ent limit. Mr. Blanton also propos ed elimination of the travel allow ance of 20 cents a mile for members and substituting a payment of actu al expenses to be made out on sworn •ouchers. Representative Young, republican, of North Dakota, introduced the emergency agricultural tariff as it passed in February. Its effective period was fixed as six months after enactment instead of ten, as in the vetoed measure of the last session. Chairman Kahn, of the military affairs committee, again proposed separate air corps under a new ex ecutive bureau, to control military aviation, and a separate proposal for federal regulation of civilian aviation to accompany it. Chairman Good, of the appropria tions committee, introduced the fed eral budget bill, another vetoed meas ure. Abolition of the railroad labor board and repeal of sections of the transportation act under which It •operates was proposed by Represent atives Tincher, republican, of Kan sas. His bill would empower the in terstate commerce commission to per form functions now assigned to the beard. Fire Starts In Newspaper Office Johnstows, Pa., April 14.—Fire threatened destruction of block of buildings in the center of the busi ness district. All fire companies were called. Two men were over come. The fire started in tile office of the Morning Ledger. E BRADSTREETS WEEKLY REVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL AND COM- MER4 IAL SITUATION SHOWS BB'ROVEME**.. New York, April 14.—Trade and industry do not reflect any very arked changes from recent reports, it. there are enough signs of im provement in basic conditions to rob the general showing of some of its hitherto rather depressing atmos phere, according to this week's re view of trade by Bradstreet's. Cool weather, bad roads, cauttoto, even timid, buying and reduced pur chasing power in industrial and agri cultural regions, the latter the resuli of lessened earnings and low prices, keep trade distribution down to the barely fair point. Crop reports ar» favorable. Dam age by the recent freeze in winter wheat is reported as negligible. Hes sian fly is prevalent in Indiana. Illin ois and Michigan. Seeding of spring wheat is about completed in Iowa, well along in Minnesota and South Dakota, and starting in North Da kota. Indications point to a reduced acreage. Corn planting is progreasing in the southern and southwestern states, and corn is being cultivated in south Texas. Traffic on the western railroads in T! 1 March was 15 to 30 per cent below that of last year. Merchandise lead mgs are irown to be better than any other class with tne exception of grain. Traffic officials atrnbute this to the steady buying of distributors throughout ttM* eeuniry fur imme-i diate shipment. LAST WORM OF THE UTK FOR MER GERMAN EMPREflfc Berlin, April 14.—"I cannot bear to leave you all alone. What wiii become of you?" These were the last trembling words of the former German empr^s Augusta Victoria. A moment la ter her heart missed and, while fo mer Kaiser Wilhelm watched, a ph sician gave her an injection in tli• arm in an attempt to revive her, but the late German kaiserin did not r cowr consciousness a^ain. This is description of the death scene, More frequently she told her hus band that the reason she did not gi up and die sooner was because aft could not bear to think of leaving him alone. This thought obsessed her. Daily Market Report Huflspolto Grain Minneapolis, April 14.—Corn— Dead easier, prices lower com pared with futures. No. 3 yellow closed at 46 and 47c No. 3 mlxe! at 43 and 45c. Oats.—Firm, No. 3 whites 1 and I%c over May offerings small. No. 3 whites closed at 30 and 31c, No. 4 whites at 27^ and 28 ^c. Rye.—Weak, and premiums and 5c lower, No. 2 mainly 6c over May demand dull. No. 2 rye closed at $1.18% and $1.19%. Barley.—Market 1 and 2c lower, demand quiet. Prices closed at 4 2 and 82 c. Stout Otfcy live itwrlr. Sioux City, April 14.—Top ftflgs ranged from $7.35 to $8.30. 5 a ac cording to a- rogal persona who ar rived in Berlin this morn in* fnm Doom. The former kaiser spent a grea part of the days and nights at th e s i e o i s w i e a n e i s administered the medicines prescrih ed for her. The former kaiser and kaiserin held each other's hands for hours at a time, and the kaiser i died clasping him. When Wiihekn realized that the end had come he im mediately burst out crying, in which he was joined by his son. Prince Adalbert. It is declared that homesickness was and additional cause of the ka. serin's death. The last few days 8h» is reported to have said "Why must I never see my fcoti: again?" 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