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The Madison daily leader. [volume] (Madison, S.D.) 1890-current, June 09, 1921, Image 4

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99062034/1921-06-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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you're pip*
smoker. You'll
like SPUR C(*
arette* b«caun§
they have som«
good old Burlay
In them. That
^thafi 4 leaf blend
(a* post*)
Chr 2Milp JLraDer
a u i a
Sul Tll l'VKOTA
PHOni 3143
Entered at Madison poatofflce as second
clamm matter.
mail, y«ar |l#0
y mail, i month* 1.60
y Carrier,
J. F. ST A HI* Proprietor.
H. A. STAJIL. BualneaM sTana^er.
Yankton.—Tile father of Robert
J. Gordon, 18. Irene youth who lost
his life Saturday while swimming in
the Missouri river here, has offered
a reward of $50 to the person find
ing or giving information leading to
the recovery of the boy's body. With
the river high and the current swift
searchers thus far have made little
Bison.—Hundreds of ""people will
attend the annual sports day, to be
held here on Thursday, June 23. It
will also be in the nature of a home
coming, and many of the old-timers,
who now reside in other parts of the
country, are expected to be in at
tendance. There will be various
sports, including games and races,
bucking horse contests, ball games
and other features which go to m^ke
up a frontier celebration.
Highmore.—Elaborate plans have
been dame for the dedication on Fri
day of this week of the new Masonic
temple which has just been complet
ed in this city. The dedication ex
ercises will be followed by a ban
quet. It is expected that hundreds
of Masons from a wide scope of coun
try in this part of the state will be
present to assist in the dedication
of the new temple. Leading state
officers of the Masonic organisation
will be in attendance
Platte.—A dividend of harvest of
209,000.000 bushels last year. Fig
ures of the 19 20 oals harvest are
only slightly changed for 1921. the
acreage being placed at 43,150,000.
The condition is placed at
is the lowest June figure reported
for the Utst 10 years. It offers a
crop indication of 1,370,000.000
bushels, as against a production last
year of 1,526.000,000 bushels.
Pierre.—Tho.-'e who have been
waiting to secure copies of the ses
sion laws of 19 21 can now get them
on order to the secretary of state.
The bound copies are being delivered
as rapidly as possible and orders can
be filled practically without any de
lay from this time on. This is one
publication which the people of the
tit at
e look for with considerable in
terest each two years, as they want
to know just, what new laws there
are with the coming on July follow
ing each session.
Lake Andes.—Lake Andea ia to
celebrate her seventh fish day June
10. There will be the usual pro
gram of sports, Hon. E. E. Wagner,
of Sioux City, will be the orator of
the day, Colome and Wagner will
play ball, and 6.000 free fish dinners
will be served the visitors. Rest
rooms will be provided at the court
house for the women and all the wa
ter pleasures possible will be indulg
ed in on the lake. Rest Haven and
Lakeview Inn will care for many vis
Tiuu Txxax zs von
backache is a symptom of weak or
idlordered kidneys. Stiff and painful
joints, rheumatic aches, sore muscles,
|lur"finess under the eyes, are others.
Yeu need not suffer. Ben Richardson,
'Wlnitrove, W. Va., writes: "I praise
JTuittjr Kidney
Most Picturesque Body of Fight
mq Men the World Has
Ever Known.
Organization Dates Back to Time
When ths Lone Star Stat* Wii a
Separata Republic—Self-RMft
ant, Resourceful and Bravlb
Dallas.—Texas is the only state
which has the distinction, not to say
a privilege, of working out Its own ln
i mu'iU stltutl«»ns before becoming a member
of the Union, writes \V. P. Urbb of
i the history department of the Unlver-
U eity of Texas in the Dallas News.
This fact has givpn Texans a singular
feeling of independence and has en
shrined the state's institutions with
a peculiar interest for those within
and many without her borders. Her
flag, her presidents, her foreign am
bassadors, her army and navy, ail have
come In for a share of the song and
story, the history and tradition of
the Lone Star republic.
Of ail her institution*, however,
Texas has none which has attracted
more attention at home and abroad
than that organization fighting
rneu known as Texas Hangers.
Just what is the Texas Ranger?
The question can be answered best
by finding out what he has been, dis
covering his origin, tmdng his devel
opment and examining Ills duties. The
exact date of the origin the Rangers
Is lost In the obscurity of early Texas
history. Stephen F. Austin mentioned
them In his letters of 1H1W. nearly a
century ago Bancroft ascribed their
beginning to 1838, but In this he was
clearly wrong, for the Hungers hit(t
not only come into existence but had
acquired a legal status before that
Rangers Data Back «a 1BJB.
When Texas revolted, iu 1S33. a
general council met, and, as a part of
Its work, authorized the first Ranger
force. This organization was to con
sist of three companies of 26 men
each, one to range east of the Trinity,
one between the Trinity and Brazos
ami the third between the Brazos and
the Colorado. The men were to serve
solely as protection against the In
dians, the remuneration being $1.25 a
Thus waa the Texas Ranger force
created in ihe midst of revolution, and
from that day to this it has existed
almost constantly in some form,
though under varying titles.
The first settlers from the Uaited
States were Introduced Into Texas by
Stephen F. Austin during the latter
part of 1821. now Just one century
ago. Why did the Mexican govern
ment permit an alien race to come In?
There are several reasons well known
to the historian, and It Is said that
one of them was the desire to place
some strong arm between the timorous
Mexicans, like those of San Antonio,
and the wild Indians. The Comanche's
horse might become too hard to hold.
Quien sabe? However this may be,
an examination of the lund grants
made to Americans will show that
their holdings tend to form a tier ly
ing roughly between the timber belt
and the prulrle region. In short, the
Americans from the United States
were to serve as a buffer between the
wild tribes and the Interior settle
ments, and on thetn was to devolve
tbe task of conquest at which both
Spain and Mexico had failed.
Mexico Unable to Cloae the Door,
once the door of Texas was open
the Americans pushed In with that
mighty surge which carried the Anglo
American civilization from the Atlan
tic to the Pacific during the tirst half
of the last century. Mexico, becom
ing alarmed, undertook to close the
door, but It was too late. The Tex
ans—for such the Immigrants had be
come—not only stood off the Indians,
but turned on the Mexicans and wrest
ed from them Texan Independence In
1838, just 15 years after they had en
tered the state.
This done, however, they found
themselves in a most precarious sit
uation. They were caught, as it were,
between the Jaws of a great vise.
One frontier—the Indian—extended
'1ong the edge of the great prairie
from the Rio Grande to the Red river,
i distance of !»()0 miles the other—
the Mexican—stretched from some
point on the Rio Gnintle to the mouth
of that stream, an approximate dis
tance of 31*) miles. The actual south
ern boundary of the settlements at
the time of the republic really eorre
spondeit with the Nueces.
It should also l*t observed that for
every mile that the Indian frontier
was pushed hack, the Mexican line
was lengthened by Just so much until
the two attained a combined length
of more than 1,K)» miles! Surely no
*t,ite was ever more desperately situ
ated than the young republic. Some
times she was at peace with one en
emy and sometimes with the other
but again she fought them both. War
was the rule, the commonplace of
dally life, and death was the price
of defeat, for the enemies of Teaaa
knew no mercy.
Devising a Fighting Force.
What *ort of fighting force would
Texas devise to meet this unhappy
situation? Had the state been popu
lous and wealthy, as she Is today, the
j^goKMftrafj answer would have bean simple. fig
those days her population w as less than
that of Dallas, and her promise to pay
was worth about 1H cents on the dollar
Hard money was a negligible quan
tity. These things ma0« a standing
army Impossible. Whatever fljfbtfn#
loroe was provided must be small and
inexpensive in order to be maintained
at all. It must rise In time of need
ami disperse when the danger had
passed. Sach are the circumstanced
of our early history out of which
evolved this peculiar fighting force.
These early Rangers were seml
mllltary in character, varied In forma
tion and organization, ununlformed
and undrllled, and Irregular In opera
tlons. They were, In a sense, indig
enous to Texas, having sprung from
the soil made fertile by the blood of
their kinsmen, and they soon became
the frontier fighting force par excel
lence of the world. They were the
forerunners of such organlzatlons as
the Northwest Mounted Police of Can
ada, the Cape of South Africa and
the Pennsylvania State, though unlike
any of them. They were the Anglo
American solution of the problem of
the frontier. The true character of
the Rangers becomes clear only In the
light of that knowledge which comes
from an acquaintanceship with the
nature and disposition of their foes,
the Mexicans on the one hand and the
Indians on the other.
From long experience with the Mex
icans the Texnns had come to distrust
every word and deed of the race.
They doubted their honor, feared their
morcy and despised their valor—les
sons dearly learned at the Alamo,
Goliad and San Jacinto. From the In
dians. whose position on the West
already been Indicated, they also
took hard lessons. The Comanche
warrior was a terrible foe, courageous,
cunning and cruel, an adept In all the
practices and subterfuges of purtisan"
warfare, and In order to meet him the
Ranger had to adopt his tactics. For
example, the Comanches always came
suddenly, mounted on the fleet prairie
mustangs, which they managed with
consummate skill, and which bore
them away with the speed of the wind.
Faced Torture and Death.
Again, the Comanches never per
mitted themselves to be made captive
and to become their prisoner meant
torture and death. Here were tha
ready-made rules by which the
Rangers had to fight. They were of
necessity superb horsemen, using their
legs mostly for mounting and sticking
on. They were sure marksmen, show
ing great preference for the revolving
six shooter. They were versed in wood
craft and possessed an uncanny sense
of direction, and they knew the lore
of the forest as well as that of tha
plain. Col. John S. Ford, himself a
Ranger, soldier and newspaper man,
summed up their qualities In these
"The Texas Ranger can ride like a
Mexican, trail like nn Indian, shoot
like a Tennesseean and fight like a
very devil." Above all, these frontier*
men were the embodiment of individ
ualism. It wa« their outstanding trait,
their chief characteristic. They were
self-reliant and resourceful, frequently
extricating themselves from difficul
ties, not hy fighting but by quick
thinking. Only one thing In warfare
they had forgotten In their long strug
gle with a dual foe, and that was to
surrender. They gave quarter—some
times—but never asked and never ex
pected It.
Their leaders were natural leaders,
men who possessed In a high degree
the qualities they admired In others
and found essential to themselves. A
few of these men were John C. Hays,
Ben McCulloch, John S. Ford and the
two Rosses. The ranks were filled
with those courageous ones who loved
action and adventure better than ease
and gain.
Did Valiant Servta*
In 1S4JS Texas Joined the Union. The
Mexican war followed Immediately,
during which the Rangers performed
such valiant service as scouts and
guerilla fighters with the armies of
Taylor and Scott that they were her
alded as heroes tlyoughout the nation.
In 1874 the Rangers were reorgan
ized, six companies of 75 men each.
But an Important change was made in
their status and duties, They were to
protect the frontier and fight Indians
as before, but. In addition, they were
given the power of peace officers. On
the northern border they fought Lone
Wolfe, Little Bull and other Comanche
warriors on the southwest they
guarded the Texas side of tbe Rio
Grande sgaLnst Cortina and his band
of cattle thieves In the Interior they
pursued and killed Sam Bass, broke
up the Sutton-Taylor feud and drove
the roed agents under cover.
When not more actively engaged,
they guarded prisoners, protected
courts and dispersed lynching parties.
The Rangers were busy men In those
days In their double capacity of sol
diers and peace officers they presented
a novel experiment In government, and
one which did not escupe criticism
In fact, all the criticism that has ev»
been brought against the Texif
Rangers ha« been brought again-"
them in their capacity as peace offi
cers. Be that as it may. during the
ten years following this reorganlza
tion the Rangers pushed the Indians
to the very limits of Texas, an-!
at the same time rendered the interior
a safe and decent place to live In.
The success of their work was due
largely to the high personal courage
and Indomitable spirit of the officers
and men.
With the passing of the Indian raids
the Rangers were relieved of further
purely military responsibility, and
from 1885 to the present they have
devoted themselves largely to the
maintenance of law and order within
the stalk
18-Year-OW Massachusetts High
School Boy Amazes Teachers.
Although he has proved his work
arithmetically, no proof has yet been
discovered geometrin»Ufr, and the
mathematics teachers at the school
will help Rogers to solve this.
Edwin Hoadlev, teacher, believes
the key will be found In the Pytha
goras theorem the square of the
hypotheneuse of a right triangle is
equal to the sum of the squares on
the other two sides. In addition to
trisecting an arc, Rogers has gone
further hy proving that he can divide
the arc Into any number of equal
purls. Rogers demonstrated his dis
mvery at the weekly meeting of the
Mathematics club, and Instructor Ar
thur Lord, a Phi Delta Kappu man
at Dartmouth, could find no error In
the work.
Rogers' method simply and briefly
outlined as follows: Starting with
any arc. draw a chord. Using the
chord as a diameter, describe a semi
circle. Using half the chord as a
radius, describe arcs from each end,
cutting the semicircle into three equal
parts. From the center of the circle
of which the original arc is a sec
tor. draw lines cutting the three tri
sectors of the second arc and the
original arc is trisected. The wlml*
theorem is based on "diainic sym
metry." a comparatively recent discov
ery regarding arcs and angles
Cheap Horses.
I..* Angeles, ral.—"Horaaa In Matt
,:n« are selling for $1 per head." de
•larod K. M. Gamble, a prominent
Iowa furuier, who was a visitor in tht
city recently.
Mr. Gamble asserted that be hat)
iust traveled through Montana and that
v. ners of ranches there hud offere-i
liim horses for $1 each If he woulc
ake them out of the state. Dtte
liiffh freight rates, the Montanu ranch
i s cannot dispose of their stock, he
(|. and as there Is no market In tin
.nthwest the ranches have become
cr- to with karats of from 900 ti
l,: 00 pounds.
Hie Work Proves Up Arithmetically «5
Mid Geometric Proof Will Be Work
ed With Teachers' Assistance. E
Lynn, Mass.—Arthur Rogers, a
senior at Lynn Classic high school,
eighteen years old, has solved '.hree
methods of trisecting an arc or angle,
using only a straight edge and com
pass, professors at tbe school an
nounced. The feat of Rogers has
never been accomplished except with
measuring instruments, and those who
examined the youngster's work rould
find no flaw with It.
What a Heap of Huppinew* It Would
Bring to Madison Homes.
Hard to do housework with an
aching back.
Brings you hours of miaery a'
leisure or at work.
If women only knew the cauae—
Backache pains often come from
weak kidneys.
'Twould save much needless woe.
Doan'a Kidney Pills are for weak
kidneys. Ask your neighbors.
Read what a Madison citizen says
Mrs. Geo Gueffroy, 421 Lincoln
Ave, Madison says: "I am glad to
recommend Duan's Kidney Pills, for
I know what they are worth as a
kidney remedy. I have used them
and so have others in my family. At
one time my kidneys were weak and
didn't act right at all. I felt dull
and languid and my work was aw
fully hard. My kidneys acted irreg
ularly. too. I used Doaa's Kidney
Pills and they soon relieved me of
all kidney complaint."
Price 60c. at all dealers. Don't
simply ask for a kidney remedy'4—
get Doan's Kidney Pills—the same
that Mrs. Gueffroy had. Foster
Milburn Co., Mfrs., Buffalo, N. Y.
la as acute attack of Nasal Catsrrfc.
Those subject to frequent "colds is
the head" will find that the use of
Hall's Catarrh Medicine w'.ll build
up the System, cleanse the Blood and
render them l- ss liable to colds. Re
Repeated attacks of Acute Catarrh
may lead to Chronic Catarrh.
Hall's Catarrh Medicine Is takes
Internally and acts through tha
Blood on the Mucous Surfaces of tha
System, thus reducing tha Inflam
mation and restoring normal condi
All druggists. Circulars free.
F. J. Cheney ft Co.. Toledo, Ohio.
I Paris Green
100 lb. Lots
37c per pound
14 lb. Lots
41c per pound
Loescfi Bros.
Phone or Write Ui
d«Ma't carry
S I Z E S 2 4 -3 6
money mad waut
mtuura lorer clothing) ud wo will
•end you on* for tnaL PotUce prepa
D*pl. N 23 ln«| rUce New t.rk
Better Than Ever
Take Your Next Meal With Us
Don't take purgatives lor Con
stipation they act barshly
they overstrain the delicate
e a n e a n e a v e e
Bowels In worse condition
than beiort. 1|
y o u a 6
o u e
with Con
acbe, In*
•ch. Dizziness. Blllonsncss*
Nervousness, or loss ol Appe*
Utc-Ossl hmmltaim-Cmt bottf«
POLLS take one alter each
steal and oae at bedtime. A
lew days" treatment will pat
Sfomacib, fJvm* amd Bswtfa In
tal condition.
The Laws of Economy
apple bounced off Newton's head and inspired
him to evolve the Law of Gravity. The adver
tisements in this p^per can give you—no less forcefully
—the inside workings of the Laws of Economy.
As sure as the apple hit Newton, the advertisements
have a personal message of economy for you.
Merchants tell you of their bargains through adver
Almost every new opportunity is offered through an
Practically every unusual buy is advertised
You save time and trouble by choosing what you want
and where to get it from the advertisements instead of
hunting ail over town.
You save money by keeping up with every opportun
ity to get full value in buying.
Read the advertisements regularly!
TIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIHIIIIIIIII IllllllllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllUlllllllllllilllllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll
We sell Fords. We repair Fords. It is our
business to keep your Ford car running
smoothly at the least possible cost to you.
Genuine Ford parts always on hand to be put
into your car by Ford mechanics. This word
Genuine means a whole lot to yon. The
strength and wearing quality of genuine
Ford parts is far superior to the bogus Ford
parts that are on the market
Ford cars, trucks and tractors is our busi
ness. We are prepared to give service.
Parker Auto Co.
He nore yon smoke them Tbe better you'll like thai
Write for oar Premium Catalog No 4
Largest Ir.des^enticnt Cuar Factory the World.
Heal Cutt
Apply lots of antiseptic
Soothes and heals gently and quicks
DR. H. GILBERTSON Madison Electric Co.
NUNDA SOUTH DAKOTA iwemav* S. n«im

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