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By C. C. Knappen SISSETON, SOUTH DAKOTA Why is a housefly, anyhow? Tli« merciful man la now very mer Stfal to his beast We know of some oats that mn Ml to cone back. Tbe Moros seem to be leae da* gerous than ice cream coses. There are 130,000 foreign waiters In London, all with palms extended. How aeronauts have cities at their mercy In mimic warfare is becoming amazing. With a new record every day it seems there Is no limit to the powers of an aeroplane. The Chicago woman whose ear was bitten off by her husband, probably didn't feed him enough. There Is a very bad $2 bill In circu lation. Insist on getting your changa In twenties and fifties. A Kansas judge rules that It is the duty of pedestrians to dodge automo biles. Also the necessity. Few horses are wearing bonnets this season, probably bccauso bonnets are absolutely out of style. If you can't swim stay near the shore. If you can swim ba satisfied to tell your frleads about It Two Phlladclphians have lost their lives running for trains. Such unusual hast* was sure to be fatal in Philadel phia. Just bottle up your weather grouch and strike a temperature average for the year on the 31st day of next De cember. It may soon be possible to telephone to England from the United States. Very well, but how about getting mon ey that way? Still there is an abiding of optimis tic faith that It will prove easier to dodge an aeroplane than an automo bile or motorcycle. It would seem that more people are giving their lives to the perfection of the aeroplane than to any former scientific achievement. In twenty-seven years the Klmber ley diamond mines have yielded $420, 000,000 worth of diamonds. Still our western cornfields do a lot better than that The man who Is earning his own Hy ing In these days, however mildly he may be going about it, is truly enough earning his bread by the sweat of his brow. Ylmorous males who are frightened at the way women are Invading men's occupations should take heart at the success some achieve in trimming hats. Going down to the sea in ships was the ancient Idea of peril. But it was common place safety beside going up In the air In the most modern style or ships. Ten or flrtoen deaths among the comparatively few aeronauts and avia tors in the last few months are not only depleting their ranks but showing up air flights as mighty dangerous pas timing. In printing the new passenger tick ets to be used on airship lines care should be taken to have it specified that stop-over privileges may be had when necessary without the signature of the conductor. Counterfeit buttermilk is being sold In some of the drug stores in the east, and the health authorities say it is yery dangerous. Will it never be pos sible to get a good thing that the coun terfeiters can't counterfeit? Farmers after experiment report that the cows yield their milk better when the phonograph is kept going in the barn at milking time. This seems to offer a grand scheme of relief In the form of moving all the -phono graphs to all the cow barns. Tbe oil-burning torpedo boat de stroyer Roe reached a speed of 31 knots an hour In a test off the Dela ware breakwater, although the con tract requirement was only 28 knots, and Is now acknowledged to be the fastest exclusively oll-burntng torpedo boat destroyer In the United States navy. The American shipbuilder has the reputation of cultivating a margin ot safety, and. tuning out boats which exceed the maximum requirements of contracts. When the automobile collides with the locomotive it Is seldom that tbe latter has to go to the repair shop. The work of a contributing edltc. Is sometimes made difficult by the friends who lnslst on coming around 4urlac office hours to talk politics and tell hunting stories. Having all the news about the hot gpeU that waa fit to print, and sa«e .Quit was not news, It seems that wo ht hats a Utto cool weather tot la tfeo MWS columns. *»y"C TO GIVE MILLION THOUSANDS AT SUNDAY MEET tNG APPROVE PLAN TO RE STORE CATHEDRAL. TRIBUTE TO NORSELAND Trordhjtm's Historic Structure May Regain Its Leet Glary.—Stirring Speeches in Norwegian Tan gue Mark Gathering. Hamline, Minnesota..— The nation al flag of Norway anil the StM-s and Stripos hanging together on the speaker's stand typified the spirit in which the raising of a 11,000,00# fund by the Norwegians ef America as a present te the land of their fathers was given its initial impetus at the •state fair grounds Sunday. An enormous crowd of Norwegians listened to addresses by Ben of their nationality prominent in political and educational circles, to songs in Nor wegian by the Twin City Male chorus, and to a poem written and recited by Angell Hanson, of Elbow Laka. Governor Eberhart, Senator Thorp, Prefessor D. Ristad, of Fergus Falls Lutheran college S. G. Ivorson, Chas. A. Dalby, Professor H. O. Hall, of the Norwegian-Danish Theological semin ary, Evanston, 111. and Prof. H. E. Stub, of Hamline university, were the speakers. The purpose of the "sterna" was te arouse Interest in the movement to raise a fund of $l,6t9,*00 among Nor weglan-Amerieans, part of whioh will be devoted te repairing and recon structing the famous Trondhjem oathe dral, and tke rest to be preserved as a permanent fuad, the proceeds to be applied as tbe Nerwogian storthing nay decide. Committee te Reise Meney. A national executive committee has been appointed to raise subscriptions. Executive cemraittees fer Ramsey and Hennepin counties have also been named to wcrk under the supervision of the national committee. It is hoped to raise the fund by 1914, and to turn It over to the Norwegian government as a token of the good will borne that country by her sons and daughters bere. "France presented the statue of Liberty In New York harbor to this country, and every returning Ameri can, when he first sees the statue, thinks gratefully of France," said Gov ernor Eberhart. "Every Norwegian or lover of Norway, when he gazes at the restored Trondhjem cathedral will think gratefully of the United States. Every purpose to which the proceeds of the permanent fund may be put will raise up a nost of well-wlehers for the United States in Norway. The bonds which unite these two great countries will thus be drawn closer and knit more firmly. It will bring us with great strides toward the am bition of all who have the welfare of mankind at heart, the" establishment of universal peace." Professor Ristad, in a Norwegian address, traced the analogy between the former splendor and power, the subsequent decay and the recent re storation of the vigor of Norway, and the same conditions in the Trondhjem cathcdral. Its Former Spiendor. "Three centuries ago," he said, "the cathedral of Yrondhjem was a magnifi cent pile, and the ecclesiastical au thority of its head was recognised through all Scandinavian countries. The power and splendor of Norway were also at their height. From then until 1814 the nation of Norway and the cathedral of Trondhjem fell Into decay. Since 1814 the cathedral has been partially restored and the nation has advanced with giant strideB in every form of development. "It is fitting that the American sons and daughters of Norway should assist in putting the cathedral in splendid condition again as they have, by fre quent contrbutlons of money and by sending back to Norway many of her sons who have gained progressive Ideas in this country, helped to re store the national vigor of Norway." With "America" as a benediction, the crowd dispersed, after having tes tified by tumults of applause their en thusiasm in the endeavor to raise the million dollar gift. Internal Revenue Collections. Washington, Aug. 16.—The govern ment derived $289,728,015 from collec tions of Internal revenue, including the corporation tax in the fiscal year ended June 30 last. This is an in crease of $43,515,296 over the previous fiscal year. Three Votes Make Nomination. Jefferson City, Missouri. Three votes received by A. A. Spear of Osage county at the state primary election August 2, made him the Republican pominee for congress from the Bightb Missouri district. The party bad no candidates for this office. Negro Excursion Train Wrecked. Raleigh, North Carolina.—A negro excursion train on the Southern rail way, returning from Durham, N. C., was wrecked in the union station. Sev eral negroes are dead and a number of others reported Injured. Armour Employe Indicted. Chicago, Illinois.: Thorn*# G. Lee of the dressed beef department of Armour & Co.. was indicted on a charge of perjury by the grand Jury which is Investigating the alleged com bination of packers. GAYNOR IS IMPROVING INFLAMMATION PAS8ED AND COUGH IS 8UBSIBINGU Law Is Urged Making Attempted As sassination of Public Officials Capital Offense. New York, Aug. 16.—Steadily gain ing in strength and free so far from any trace ef blood poisoning, Mayor Gaynor is one step nearer recovery from the bullet wound inflicted on Tuesday by James J. Gallagher. He rested well Saturday nigkt, spent a satisfactory morning, took nourish ment at intervals with satisfaction, had his wound dressed early and was pronounced "looking fine" by tho phy sicians and was resting easily last night. During the day bis average tempera ture was Dii degrees, so near normal and so devoid of fluctuations that his surgeons are positive that no blood poisoning has developed. At the Hudson county jail in Jersey City, Gallagher attended morning mass, then spent an uneventful day in his cell. Prayers for the wounded mayor's re covery were offered throughout the city Sunday. Protestant, Catholic and Unitarian congregations bowed their heads while clergymen prayed that he might be spared. Rev. William Wil kinson, preaching on the grounds of the uncompleted Episcopal cathedral of St. John the Divine in the upper part of the city said in part: "A free people should make deadly assaults upon its officers a capital crime. Christian men and citizens of all classes should rise in resentment against lawlessness and against the carrrying of concealed weapons. With three presidents dead by violence and Mayor Gaynor alive by a miracle, the Church of God should teach and preach obedience to law." In an address made before a politi cal club former Coroner Julius Har berger announced that he would pre sent a bill to the next legislature mak ing an attempt on the life of a pub lic official punishable with death, or life imprisonment, and barring the de fense of insanity. DROUTH STOPS THRESHING. Farmers at East Grand Forks Have to Haul Water. East Grand Forks. The farm ers living northeast of this city after losing a good share of their crops be cause of heat and drouth, have run against another big problem. The continued drouth and heat has caused an unusual lack of water, and in some cases the farmers are unable to go ahead with their threshing until some arrangements are made for securing water. August Lietieg, a farmer liv ing near Key West, was In the city today, endeavoring to find some means of securing water so that he can do his threshing. A small stream, known as the Marais, is in that vicin ity but it has been entirely dried up, necessitating the hauling of water from Red Lake river below Mallory. This is an unusually long distance to haul water for some of the farmers in a nortbeast direction from this city, but it wil undoubtely have to be done if threshing operations are to con tinue. Farmers have to haul water for their cattle, being unable to get sufficient supply on farm land. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE DIES. "Angel of the Crimea" Passes Away At London Home. London, Eng. Florence Nightin gale, the famous nurse of the Crimean war, and the only woman who ever re ceived the Order of Merit, died at her London home. Although she had been an invalid for a long time, rarely leav ing her room, where she passed the time in a hlf recumbent position and was under the constant care of a physicion, her death was unexpected. An attack of heart failure brought the end. Her funeral wftl he very quiet. On May 12 she celebrated her nine tieth birthday and was the receipient of a congraulatory mesage from King George. FALLING WALL KILL8 RESCUER. El Paso Mayor Who Warns Firemen Loses Own Life. El Paso, Texas. W. E. Robinson mayor of El Paso, lost his life while endeavoring to warn firemen of immi nent danger from a tottering wall. Todd Ware, a fireman, was instantly killed and William Robinson and Dave Sulli van, firemen, were injured. The casualties followed a fire which broke out at 2 a. m. in a dry goods store. Mayor Robinson approached the building to instruct the fireman to stop further work on the unsafe walls. A large portion of the wall buckled and fell, crushing Robinson and Ware and knocking the other men down. Mrs Robinson witnessed the accident from the sidewalk. .. German Aviator Falls." Johannisthal, Germany. The Ger man aeroplanist. Helm, met with a ser ious accident at the. aviation meet h*re\ WhUe flying at a height of about 225 feet in a Wright machine one of the propellors broke. The oth er continued to run causing the craft to turn over several times. It fell with a crash and was completely de mollsked. Heim was carried off the field unconscious. Later he regained jonsciousness, but his injuries are con sldered very grave, and his recovery is considered doubtful. DAKOTA PROTEST GOVERNORS AND SOLONS PETI TiON PRESIDENT TO MODIFY EXECUTIVE ORDER. LANDS ALONG THE BORDER Dractic Ruling Seriously Menaces Lemmon District.—Resolution Urg ing Changes in Conservation Is Sent to Washington. Huron, S. D. Among those at tending the conference here to dis cuss recommendations to President Taft and Secretary Baliinger for mod ification of the rules governing an order withdrawing from homestead en try certain lands in Perkins and Hard ing counties claimed to be underlaid with lignite coal, were Governor Ves sey. Senators Crawford and Gamble, Congressman Martin, Governor Burk« of North Dakota, Logan Berry of Lem mon and D. P. Norton of Hettinger. The confercnce resulted In sending to Washington by Governor Vessey, Mr. Norton and Mr. Berry the follow ing recommendations: "We have been in conference in the city of Huron, upon the urgent request of 17 commercial and homestead clubs of the Lemmon land district In North Dakota and South Dakota, to consider the serious nature of tke situation in which homesteaders arc plaeed In that district in part as the result of the order of the department of the date of July 21 and executive order ef July 7, withdrawing from entry, sals aDd disposal certain lands in said dis trict and other districts similarly situ ated. "The situation from the standpoint of the homesteaders is really critical. Drouths have prevailed during the present season, resulting in wide spread crop failure, causing many more settlers than otherwise would have done so to offer commutation proof in order to obtain prompt titles to their land. Action upon several hundred of such proofs had been de layed theretofore in the department and now since the promulgation of ue executive order referred to the local land officers have adopted the prac tice of suspending all homestead fil ings and proofs until definite Instruc tions should be issued by the interior department as to the scope and effect of the orders referred to. Committee Makes Suggestions. "We have considered the various acts of congress and the said order with great care and as a result make the following suggestions and recom mendations: "First—That neither the order of withdrawal nor the law under which It Is made impair the rights of bona fide homestead settlers, such settlers have full right to make commutation proof and entry and to receive patent promptly unless their lands are classed as coal lands or are protested as con taining coal, In which case they can accept a patent reserving the coal to the United States "Second—That lands embraced in lawful homesteads initiated prior to the date of the order of withdrawal are expressly excepted from the force and effect of the withdrawal order by the terms of the conservation act of June 2.5, 19-10, and are in no way af fected thereby, that there is no au thority or Justification for the suspen sion of action on commutation proofs upon such homesteads. "Third—That it is manifestly un just to bona fide homestead settlers to suspend action on their homestead proofs if they are willing to accept the limited patent with coal reserva tion as provided in the act of June 22, 1910. It is also unjust to delay action indefinitely on final proofs protested for alleged coal character of the lands. Fourth That all final or commuta tion homestead proofs were protests have been made solely on the ground that the land contains coal and the homestead settlers have filed consent to accept title with coal reservation should be released immediately from suspension and be passed for examin ation and approval for patent. "Fifth—We recommend also that the classification contemplated by the president's withdrawal order of July 7 should be made with all possible speed and that an adequate force for this purpose should be put into the field immediately. (Signed) "John Burke, governor of the state of North Dakota. "R. S. Vessey, governor of the state of South Dakota. "Robert J. Gamble, United States senator from South Dakota. "Coe I. Crawford, United States senator from South Dakota. "Eben W. Martin, representative from South Dakota. "P. D. Norton, delegate commercial and homestead clubs, North Dakota. "Logan Berry, delegate commercial and homestead clubs, South Dakota." Chinese Students Are Coming. Washington, D. C. The United States minister to .China has informed the state department that seventy eight Chinesse students, who are to enter American schools and univer sities to be educated at the expense of their government, will reach San Fran cisco Sept. 10. They are a part of the students which China intends to educate in this country out of the Boxer indemnity money which tbe United States several years ago re mitted to the Chinese government, BELGIAN FAIR IS BURNED TWO KILLED, MANY HURT AS PEOPLE RUSH FOR GATE8. Thieves Ape Busy—-Wild Beasts Roast in Cages.—$100^00,000 Probable Losa a Brussels, Belg. The white city of the world's fair as the Belgians called their 1910 exposition, is a mass of flames and smouldering ruins. A spark falling Into inflammable mate rial in the telegraph building, burst into flames which, driven by a high wind, swept rapidly In all directions. Soon tbe Belgian, English and French sections were destroyed. The firemen and detachments of soldiers, called to the scene, found themselves baffled by the gale, which oarried the burn ing embers to all parts of the grounds. The loss in tbe exposition Are is estimated at $100,000,0*0. To the left of the main building arose the picturesque roofs and spires of "Bruexelles* Kermesse," a Belgian Coney island. This place was alive with Sunday crowds, and before they could be gotten out the Kermesse was afire. The crowds became panic stricken, and men, women and chil dren fought to escape. The exits be came choked with the struggling masses and many were trampled un der foot and badly injured. An engine corps from Antwerp at tempted to dynamite the bridge of Mie French section, in the hope of checking the fire, but the flames leaped aoross and engulfed the Italian, Rus sian. Austrian, Japanese, Chinese and Norweciaa buildiags. Forty bouses en the avenue Solbosch. adjoining tbe exposition, were destroyed, At the time of the outbreak ef the flre not less than 100,#00 persoas were circulating in the grounds and the Kermesse. Troops were ordered out and came at double-quick to aid the police In clearing the grounds. This was accomplished in fair order, ex cept within the limits of the Ker messe, where the crowds became en tangled in an almost inextricable mass, fighting desperately to find an escape from the flames which swept viciously through the tinder-llke struc tures. Soon the enormous facade tnmbled in ruins. Considering the rapidity of the conflagration, the small death less Is marvelous. So far as is known only two are dead. The injured, as officially announced, number 30, but probably many hundreds received minor hurts. As the flames reached the menag erie, it was decided to shoot the beasts, but the heat drove back the soldiers and the animals were left to their fate. Bands of thieves engaged in pillage, and a soldier was stabbed while at tempting to arrest three men whom he found raiding a jowelry exhibit. Many jewel exhibitors were unin sured. In the French art section, the priceless Gobelins, paintings and sculpture, were ruined, as were the rich treasures in the English, Belgium and Turkish sections. All the archives burned and it will therefore be im possible to confer medals and diplo mas. The fire was due to a short circuit.. In addition to the panic that prevailed in the Kermesse there were several minor panics at other points within the grounds, and women and children were crushed down in the rush. Some of the wild animals escaped from their cages and added to the excite ment. It is believed several of them are still at large. LO, POOR INDIAN IS MARKED. Land Owned by Redskins Regarded as Legitimate Prey. Sulphur, Oklahoma. "Every inch of land owned by Indians is look ed upon as the legitimate prey of the land grabbers," This statement was made by a mem ber of the committee appointed by the house of representatives to investigate Indian land contracts. Besides the charges of Senator T. P. Gore, the committee Is inquiring into Indian land conditions. "Some of the land grabbers' schemes certainly will be called to the attention of congress," said a com mitteeman. "As there are in Oklahoma some thing like 20,000,000 acres of Indian lands it seems absolutely imperative that congress take prompt steps to prevent further land grabbing." Football Player Stabbed. Chattanooga, Tennessee. W. A. Wasmund, quarterback pf last year's Michigan football team, is in a hos pital here suffering from a score of knife wounds inflicted by .D. Barnes, a night watchman. Both are em ployed by a construction company. Wasmund found the watchman off his post of duty and reprimanded bim. A fight followed. Banker's Sentence Commuted. Washington, £. C. The president has commuted to three years, with al lowances,' the five-year sentence of George D. Harris, charged with misap plying the funds of the Hot Springs, S. D.. National bank, and with falsify ing accounts. Harris already has served two years of the sentence. Harris was an employe in a bank, one of whose depositors owed him $2,000. When the man made a heavy deposit, Harris is alleged to have subtracted the amount of the indebtedness, "if* 1* VJ* ^r/ij A MEMORIAL FUND FRIENDS OF SOUTH DAKOTA'S MISSIONARY BISHOP TO ERECT BIDDING IN HONOR Of BISHOP HARE Building to be on Spacious Grounds of All Saints School the Insti tution he Founded and Largely Funded Sioux Falls—The effort to raig» funds for the erection on the grounds of All Saints school of a memorial building in honor of the late Bishop Hare, has taken on new impetus and interest lately and the committee in charge of that work is encouraged to believe that the fund of $25,000 will be raised with much less work than would ordinarily be required in such an undertaking. The South Dakota Bishop Hare Memorial Fund is in charge of ths following named persons: Executive Committee—Bishop Fred erick F. Johnson, chairman Rev. George Biller, Sioux Falls, vice chair man J. Howard Gates( Sioux Falls, secretary Jesse A. Smith, Flandraau, treasurer Rev. B. S. McKenzie, R« George S. Kellar, Hon. Geo. W. Bunt side and Mrs. J. D. Anderson. In the letter to the people of the state, announcing the inauguration of tbe effort to raise the fund with which to erect ths Memorial, Bishop John* son says: "During his life time Bishop Hare made very few appeals to the people of the state for assistance in building or maintaining the school. Through long years of leanness in a new and undeveloped country, he was ever busy raising funds among his friends in the East in order that the daugh ters of his friends in the West might have the very best of educational ad vantages at prices which they could afford to pay. The years of leanness now are gone. The years are years of fatness. The time has surely come when the people of the state will wish in some substantial way to express their admiration of what Bishop Hare was, and their appreciation of what he did for South Dakota. "As a result of the untiring efforts of Bishop Hare during the past twen ty-five years, All Saints school has now a beautiful property, conserva tively valued at over $100,000. It i3 entirely free from debt and from liability to encumbrance of any de scription. It has an endowment of $93,000, and there is a movement fully under way at the East to raise an addition of $50,000 to the endowment fund as a memorial to Bishop Hare. "All Saints school is not a personal or private enterprise. The title to its lands and buildings is vested In an incorporated board of rust. Tn forming this corporation, care was taken that there should not be gath ered together in the hands of a few persons, resident in one city, the pow ers which ought to be distributed among many persons living In differ ent parts of the state. Nine different cities are represented in this incor porated board of trusts. "The earnest and loyal and helpful co-operation of every person In South Dakota who loved and admired Bishop Hare is asked toward raising ''The South Dakota Bishop Hare Memorial Fund." New Hospital For Sioux Falls Sioux Falls—This city Is talcing a long step In advance, In providing more hospital facilities for unfortun ates. The latest is the Samaritan hos pital, completely equipped with the most modern facilities and under the immediate charge of Doctors R. Stevens and N. J. Nessa, two young men who have had their training in some of the largest and best hospi tals of the east. Every device and ev ery convenience known to modern science is to be found here. The ar rangements of the operating room, the rooms for patients, the furnish ings, are all new, and the hospital building, one of the nicest properties In the city, is convenient to business and yet located where the noiee and bustle of the city will not disturb the unfortunates, who will surely conside(^ themselves fortunate Indeed if they fall into the hands of the good Sam aritans. County Division in Campaign Mitchell—It appears the division of Lyman county will be a big factor in the campaign this fall aside from the political end of the proposition. For the *art three or four years the division of the county has been up permost in the minds of those who have to travel over a hundred miles to the county seat at Oacoma, which is located In the extreme eastern part of the county. While division was vo ted on two years ago, it was defeated but the supporters ef the idea this year believe they will be able to win ou. Murdo has taken the lnilative in the county division matter, and a commltte consisting of Nicholas Mu] long, M. C. Burnham, F. J. Carpenter, E. B. Townsend and J. R. McLean has been appointed to have charge of the campaign. Lyman county is 1S6 miles long by thirty miles wide. Efforts have been made in the past two years to change the county seat to a more central point, but this was never suc cessful. Killed by Falling Rock Lead—Through a most peculiar ac cident which occurred on the 901-foot level of the Homestake workings, Benjamin D. Summers, aged 29, was instantly killed and J. B. Killoran and Charles Erbe were painfully but not^ seriously injured. The men were^ blockholing when some large rocks weighing about a ton eacb fell, one of them killing Summers and another exploding some dynamite that injured the othjer two men. Summers was a native of Oalena, Kan., and came hers la JNMUMT. He lsavss a wife.