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LAST LEGISLATUE WIPED OUT SECTIONAL DIFFERENCES IN TRESPASS LAW ONE LAW EAST AND WEST Pull Text of Repealed Sections 10, 11, and 12, Chapter 244, Laws of 1907—There Were No Other Changes Pierre—The last legislature repealed three sections, 10, 11 and 12, Chapter 244, of the Session Laws of 1907, relat ing to damages for the trespass of animals. These three sections cover that feature of the law which exempt ed all that part of the state west of the Missouri river, the ranch and the range country of the state, to meet the demands of ranchmen and the prevail ing conditions at the time. The cut ting up of the range country, the in flux of settlers and the trans-state railraods, marked the passing of the range stock industry, and so the law of 1907 was changed the last session to meet the new conditions. The only change in the law was the repealing of the three following sections: The Repealed Sections Section 10. Not Applicable—Where) Whereas that portion of the state of South Dakota lying east of the Mis souri river is generally suitable for agricultural purposes and that portion' of said state lying west of the Mis souri river is more adapted in differ ent portions thereof to stock raising and mining industries and whereas a general law will not apily to this subject, this act shall not be operative lit or apnly to that portion of the state of juth Dakota lying west of the Missouri river, until by a ma jority vote of any county situated in said portion of the state, it shall be udogrted and declared applicable to said county, at a special election here inafter provided for or at any general election thereafter when such question may be ordered submitted to the vote of the people. Section 11. Question May he Sub mitted to a Vote) At any regular or special meeting of the board of county commissioners of any county situated in that portion of the state of South Dakota lying west of the Mis souri river during the year 1907, when a petition shall be presented to said 'board signed by a majority of the electors of said county as shown by the last vote for governor cast in said county and requesting the said board to call a special election in said county and submit to the electors thereof the question whether this law shall be come operative and apiply to that county, it shall be the duty of said board to immediately make an order for said election, at which such ques tion shall be submitted, and if at any time after the year 1907 such petition shall be presented to the board of county commissioners, they shall sub mit such question at the next general election held in said county. Section 12. Duty of County Com missioner) The Board of county com tmissiiraers at the time of ciiiiiug nald election shall provide judges of the same and the election shall' be held and the votes canvassed in the manner now provided by law for the holding of other elections and the canvass of the returns thereof and the county auditor of any county in which such election shall be held, shall certify the returns of the same to the secre tary of state within ten days after the canvass thereof. The Vanishing Range WJutswood—'With the passing of the range and the adoption of the herd law, many farmers who have been deriving a part of their living from the range cattle business, must turn their efforts into another source. It 'has long been recognized that the herd law for the whole state was but a question of time, yet some of the bId-Qme ranchers were loath to give up the range as long as the last ves tige of it survived, and clung to the range cattle business as to other fast vanishing customs of the old-time West. Now they are forced to change and those In a position to know, de clare that it can but result in general benefit to the country, for the small fanner who works his land on the intensive plan almost invariably gets large profits and picks up the loose ends. Hot Spring—Dr. B. A. Wade, well known in this section of the state for years, Is dead here, aged 81. Dr. Wade who was a native of Virginia, came here in 1892 and for some years (was urgeon here in the soldiers' home. Along the Cheyenne Pierre—John Mayer, a wolf trapper from the Cheyenne river country re cently put in a week near Van Meter, and in that week secured the scalps of thirteen coyotes, and three grey 'wolves, besides a large eagle. The in come: from his week trapping in that vicinity will net him about forty dol lars. Mayer has made wolf trapping liia business for years and makes a good income from that line of work. Aberdeen—In the roadway in a pool of blood within a few yards of his team hitched to a disc harrow, from which he had fallen when the seat }rok«, the body of Roy Gould, 23, a fanner living six miles south of Strat ford, was found this morning with an artery of his left foot severed. He ttffltoled to death. Gould, who lives With his mother, Mrs. Mdna Gould, left thft night before for Mansfield to buy a disc harrow. His mother was away visiting, and the hired man, suppos ing Gould would stay in town over night, made no investigation when he did not come home that night THE DEAR OLD FARM By Legislative Enactment Distinctive Names are Protected Pierre—Two acts of the last legis lative session, If carried out in their intent will give more individuality to school and farm life in this ctate, and the probability is that when the laws go into effect the first of July there will be a general movement to ward their observance. One of these is senate bill 122 by Weaver, which authorizes owners of ranches and farms in the state to give them distinctive names, and have the same registered in the office of the clerk of courts of the county in which the farm or ranch is located. The registration Is to show the lo cality and name selected, and the name when registered gives the one registering an exclusive right to that name In the county in which he lives. While some land owners have given names to their farms, anyone else whose fancy might be attracted by such name could use the same causing confusion, but when a legal and ex clusive designation can be made no doubt most of the farms of tlie state will in the course of a year or two have a name by which it will be gen erally known in all thecommunity, and be as definitely located by name as any town or postoffice in the coun ty. Another act. house bill 92, by Par sons, allows the patrons of any school district of the state to select a dis tinctive name, and register the same •with the county superintendent of schools of the county, in a book to be kept for that purpose, and when a district so registers a name it lias an exclusive right to the same for the county in which it is located. This will also give a distinctive le gal name to the different school dis tricts, and most of them will be names which will attract by their pleasing euphony rather than the weired names which often attach to districts, and grow as time goes on, so strong that it is hard to shake them off. New Telephone Taxation Pierre—The telephone companies doing business in South Dakota will find themselves on a different tax ation basis from this time on, un der provisions of the new law fixing the manner of their assessment. Up to the present taxes have been levied against the telephone systems of the state at a flat rate equal to the aver age assessment over the state, and have run from 26 mills to 28 mills an nually on the valuation p'aced upon the companies by the state board. But from this time on the assessments against such property will be local and the companies will be called upon to pay the same taxation rate upon their property as do other property owners in the different taxing districts in which they operate. That is, in a town they will be taxed at just the same rate as is other property in that town: and in the country districts, whatever property they own within a separate taxing district will pay the same rates as all other property in that district. Missing Rancher Found Pierre—Fred Collen, the young rancher who was supposed to have lost his life in the range country north of Cheyenne river, has re-appeared at his location, arriving at the same time a searching party headed by his brother-in-law were ready to start out to make a thorough search for his body. He reported that he had gone to Sturgis to have his eyes treated, and was compelled to remain at that place several weeks longer than he expect ed to when he left his camp, and did not think it necessary to write to his relatives as to his .whereabouts as he did not think they would be in any way uneasy about him. Died of Shot Wound Belle Fourche—While carrying a shotgun on a tramp over the hills, Francis J. Quirk, a rancher west of here, stumbled and the gun in dis charging, sent a charge through his intestines, which a few hours later, caused his death. Quirk was found an hour after the accident happened by a cousin who had heard the shot and went to investigate and although everything was done for the injured man, who was brought here in an auto, he passed away. Quirk was 33 years old and is survived by a wife and six children. He was a native of Charlotte, la., and for some years liv ed at Mitchell. Murdo Wants Good Well Chamberlain—The town council ot Murdo has contracted for the sinking of an artesian well down as far as three thousand feet if necessary to secure the desired flow of water for the town. They sunk a well down fif teen hundred feet last year, and the new contract calls for the continua tion of this well to the desired depth. If three thousand feet is reached it will be the deepest well in the state outside of the Black Hills, the well at Edgemont in the southern hills go ing down below that in depth. Work on Queen Bee Mill Sioux Falls—There is quite a force of men at work in the Quen Bee mill, tearing out the old machinery and making the necessary alterations for the new machinery which is expected within a month or two. It looks good to see the signs of life about the old and famous institution. Rapid City—There Is more than a possibility that the McLaughlin tie road which runs west from here over into Wyoming, will be extended to Sundance. Committees of business men from both communities are now pushing this. W. E. Brockett, repre senting the Sundance business men, having interviewed the farmers along the proposed route, and finds them fa vorable. The distance for such an ex tension would be but 16 miles and the estimated cost is $260,000 but it would open up the virgin coal fields of that portion of Wyoming and for which there is a ready market here FOR EQUAL TAXES MINNEHAHA COUNTY BANK AS SESSMENT CASE CARRIED TO HIGHER COURT BANKERS AGAINST COUNTY They Brought Action to Have Tax, As sessment Against Them De clared Illegal—Case of General Interest Sioux Falls—State's Attorney Bergh has just filed notice of appeal to the supreme court of this state on behalf of Minnehaha county, in the action brought against the county some time ago by the Sioux Falls Savings bank and the State Banking & Trust com pany, of this city, to have a portion of their taxes cancelled. These banks instituted proceedings in court last year to have the tax assessment against them for the year 1910 declared illegal, on the ground that the state board of equalization had assessed bank stock at 40 per cent of its value, while other personal prop erty in the state was assessed at 33 and one-third per cent of its value, claiming such assessment to be a vio lation of the laws requiring that all taxes shall be equal and uniform. The state's attorney demurred to the complaint of the banks, thus rais ing the legal issue as to the power and authority of the taxing officers in the premises, and a hearing on this question was had last month before Judge Jones in the circuit court, who overruled the demurrer of the county, thus holding to be illegal such portion of the bank stock assessment as now amounts to the difference between the two stated rates of percentage. This ditTerence in value of stock amounts to $51,000, and the tax there on is upwards of two thousand dol lars. The other four banks in this city have since brought action to have their assessments corrected according to the same contention made by the first two banks, but by agreement of attorneys, these cases will be allowed to rest, to abide the decision of the supreme court in the case now taken before it. The county contends that it had no choice in making the assessment as it did, for the basis of valuation of thn different kinds and classes of personal property was dictated in the instruc tions of the state board of assessment, adopted at its meeting last spring, after a full hearing and discussion of the subject. There are also provisions of the state laws, as well as decisions of the state supreme court on the subject, that appear to support this method of as sessment. This appeal is, therefore, brought for the purpose of having the Issue square ly passed upon by the court of last resort, and the controversy settled. Those cases according to Mr. Bergh, emphasize the difficulties encountered in taxation when all property in not taxed on a basis of its full value, as the law directs. The case here referred to. will be of great interest to every county in the state, inasmuch as all have follow ed the directions of the state board of equalization in assessing bank stock and other personal property on the same basis of valuation as is complain ed of in the present case. Alfalfa For Breakfast Hot Springs—Bread, cake, oatmeal and breakfast food, all containing from 60 to 80 per cent of the ground alfalfa, and alfalfa tea have been adopted by some of the residents of this place, who assert that alfalfa products will before long be recog nized as a leading food. NOTES FROM PIERRE Pierre—The coroner's jury at TJn pree exonerated Abe kaplant from blame in the killing of a strange gambler at that place with a blow of his fist. It appears that the stranger was forcing a fight and struck Laplant in the back of the head after he had agreed to call the quar rel ended, and Iaplant had started to leave the scene, and in resenting that blow Btruck the blow himself which caused the death of his antagonist. The new board of control of the soldiers' home met at this city Fri day evening and indorsed the action of the old board in selecting Thomas G. Orr as superintendent of the home Orr and his family will go to Hot Springs at once to take charge of the affairs of the home. Dr. Cook, food and drug commis sioner, has been appointed by Gover nor Vessey as the South Dakota rep resentative on the organization com mittee of the National Congress of Applied Chemistry, which meets in Washington during the summer of 1912. The state railway commission will hold a hearing in this city April 19 on the express rate schedules under the new law. The companies will be given a hearing before rates are an nounced as in effect. Aberdeen—The Milwaukee rialroad has established daily train service on the Cheyenne branch of the Puget Sound lin, but the towns along the branch still have to get along with a trl-weekly mail service. Protests haw been sent in to the post office depart ment, and it is believed a daily mail service will soon be established. Armour—The Dakota Gas, Electric Light and Power company that owned lighting plants' at this place, Platte, Geddes, Lake Andes, Wagner and Scot land, have sold out to the Interstate Power company. SUSPECT FIRES INCENDIARY Brookings Has Three Fires in Sam Locality That Look Queer Brookings—A firebug is suspected to be operating in this city, as three fires within two days, all apparently of in cendiary origin indicate. The first fire was in a new dwelling under construc tion by Louis Johnson for L. V. McCoy. The flames had a good start when dis covered, and the building was badly damaged. The loss will fall on the contractor. The next blaze was the barn of H. C. Johnson, which was gutted by the flames, but the walls were saved. The third mysterious fire was at the home of E. H. Goocli, where it broke out in some sheds ad joining the barn. The sheds and barn were destroyed and the house was sav ed with difficulty. Three horses, one of them being Joe Mix, a pacer of some note, perished in the burning barn. An automobile and much other valuable property was also burned. The three fires were in the same part of town. Guards have been placed in the neighborhood in the hope of cap turing the firebug if he resumes his work. Homesteaders Ordered Back Chamberlain People who have been living on lands in the west ern part of the stale and have proved lip and returned to their homes in this section of the state, are commencing to have trouble now '.lint they have left their lands. In a half dozen cases protests have been liled at the land office at Rapid City on land which has been proved up. The owners ha.e been notit'K by the land office that they will have to return to their land at once, and follow certain re quirements in furthering their proof. In each instance those persons who have proved up have had their money returned by the land office with the command to return to their claims. The owners are at loss to know the cause, nor are they able to ascer tain who is making the protest. In several of the cases only the wives completed the residence on the land, and it is understood that the real head of the house will have to live on the land also. Insane Over Range Law Murdo—Driven insane by the con troversy as to whether there should be a free range or closed range, a young man named Frank Durek, who for some time has resided in this vicinity, was taken into cus today and ordeed sent to the insane hospital at Yankton. He had been acting queerly for some time but did not become violent until recently, when he attempted to enforce the an ti-open range by shooting such stock as he found running at large. This stray stock was not injuring him, but in his insane condition lie decided to take the law into his own hands. When located and arrested he was engaged in skinning a colt belonging to a homesteader in the vicinity, he having shot and killed the colt only a few minutes before. Hired Girl Rescued Child Presho—While William Crane and wife, who live south of here were away from home for a half day, their house and all its contents were burned to the ground. A servant girl and their little daughter were left alone at the house, and the former lay down to rest for a short time. The child got possession of some matches and start ed a fire in the house. Befuie the girl awoke the fire had gained great head way and the house was filled with smoke. She hunted the house over for the child and finally found her hid in a remote part. She had to drag the little one unconscious from the house, being herself so weak that she could walk only with difficulty. There was no insurance. Competitive Oratory Mitchell—The high schools of tht state have organized a State Ora torical association, and the initial contest will be held in the latter part of May at a point to be de cided upon. The state has been divided into eight districts, with a certain number of counties in each district. The towns in the districts will hold local contests to select their representative for the district contests, and districts will sclect contestants to be sent to state meeting where there will be eight speakers. Gold, silver and bronze medals will be awarded the winners. Real Thing Blow Out Kimball—The high wind of a re cent storm took out the rear wall ol the Kimball garage. The building, a brick and cement structure, 40 by 80 feet in size, with a plate glass front, was built last summer. The building faces the north and the heavy front doors sprung the lock, swept open and permitted the wind to strike the rear wall with the effect of a battering ram and it was carried out bodily. No other damage was done. Bullet May be 'Pinging' Yet Ramona—Ignorance of that pro vision of the state game law which prohibits the killing of game birds with a rifle, cost C. M. Thurow, of this place, a fine of $10. He was arrested by Game Warden J. M. Par ry on the charge of hunting wild geese with a rifle. Game wardens throughout the state are paying par ticular attention to this feature of the law. White Horse Rider Saw Signal Belle Fourche—Becoming lost in the bad lands, forty miles northeast of here, Alonso H. Cook, for some years past a resident of Butte county, wan dered about until exhausted and final ly perished. The body was discovered by Amael and Joseph Flaigg, ranch ers, who were going through that sec tion of the country. Cook was found stretched out on his back, a red hand kerchief tied on a stick as a signal, and part of hip features had been de stroyed by magpies. He was 71 years of age and was on his way to ti}« home of his sons at Pierpont. RICH INDIAN IS DEAD Quanah Parker a Famous and Picturesque Chief. Noted Comanche Credited With Hav ing Killed Many White Men Haa Lately Lived Like a Lord In Oklahoma. Lawton, Ok.—One of the wealthiest and most picturesque American In dians passed away recently here, in the death of Quanah Parker, the fam ous chief of the Comanche tribe. He was credited with having killed hun dreds of white men in his early days, but for years he had lived a civilized life. Chief Quanah lived like a lord in a $6,000 mansion, and was the proprie tor of a great cattle ranch, besides 300 acres of farming land under excellent cultivation. 'Some estimates placed his wealth at $1,000,000. He had seven wives and Innumera ble children. Three of his sons stud ied at the Indian school at Carlisle, Pa., some years ago. The chief was a friend and admirer of Col. Roosevelt, with whom he had hunted, and was accustomed to tell with pride how when it was proposed to sell certain Comanche lands for $1.50 an acre, his protest to the col onel, who was then president, brought a prompt promise that the price should not be under $5 an acre. Parker had completely mastered an appetite for strong drink and he de spised gambling, a vice to which great numbers of his people were addicted. The chief was the son of a white woman, Cynthia Ann Parker, daugh ter of Gen. Isaac Parker, a distin guished Texas politician, who over 60 years ago lived in Parker county, that state. She waa captured when 4 years old by a marauding band of Co manches, which attacked the family home. The child grew up as an In dian, learning their language, and fin ally marrying Chief Quanah, one of the warriors of the tribe. When little Quanah was a small boy his mother was retaken by her friends and restored to her old home in Texas. But the new surroundings were in no way suited to the wild spirit she had Quanah Parker. Imbibed, and shs besought her friends to permit her to return to her tribe. This they refused to do, and she died of a broken heart. Quanah, then a youth, went back to his people and fought the whites until 1874, when he surrendered to Gen. MacKenzie at Fort Sue, Ok. After that Quanah became as good a citizen as he had been a soldier. The town of Quanah, Tex., was named for him, and he gave considerable sums of money to the public institu tions of the town. He accumulated property rapidly and he knew how to take care of it when he got It But he was generous, and had a host of friends among the whites, while among the Comanches he was looked up to as a sort of demi-god. AMUSING STORY OF RED TAPE Although Vouched for by Leading Ber lin Paper, It Is Hard to Believe. Berlin.—The following story of red tape, which is vouched for by a Ber lin publication, is hard to beat even In the very cradle of Prussian official dom. Not long ago the head mistress of a high school for girls notified the Authorities that there was a rat on the premises and asked that a man might be sent to kill it. The request was duly noted, but as the official rat catcher was not immediately available the head mistress was advised to feed the beast in the meantime so that the rat catcher should not make a fruit less Journey. This she did for some weeks, and as the rat killer did not put in an appearance she made a sec ond application. The original request, •he was informed, had been mislaid, but help would be sent in a few days! Weeks passed and one day the rat was found dead and was buried in the garden in the presence of the head mistress. A day or so later an offi cial carrying a bundle of documents "in the matter of the rat" brought a message to the effect that the head mistress should take steps to destroy the rat at her own expense, as the official rat catcher could not come be fore a certain future .time. Upon be ing Informed that the rat was dead and buried the official retired, but came back the next day asking for a written certificate to show that the rat was really dead. He got jtt, ami the administrative machltie'ltt a&ck more working smoothl* ToOet Its Beneficial Effect* Always Bu/ the Genuine SYRirflGS and nwnu&cturec) byihe Sold ly all leading Druggists One Size Only, 50i Battle PlocM&teShoes Easy (o Wear—Hard to Wear Oat Bee the shape—plenty of toe room allows (Ml to develop naturally aud so easy. Solea ara clear oak, geaulne Goodyear welts, and fall extension heels protecting uppers. Outlast two pairs off ordinary shoes. It's falsa economy to buy cheap for children. Get Pla.-MaiQ and yonr little ones will itdk easy, h»r« dry feet and never »'i corn or bunion. SUea 4 to 11. Button and laee. In all leathers. If not on sale at yoor dealers, sand us bli name with alse and- etjle at •hoe desired and. we will aee: thai you are quickly supplied. WILLIAMS, HOYT&CO. •1.78* $2.00 IOCBKSTEK, N. Y. ii its he Salve IN 1URS one cu A POLITICAL TALK. ".We've scoured the town for votes.1 1 "And now I suppose you expect a clean election." 5*. 8avlng Trouble. The husband of a fashionable wom an, whose gowns are at once the ad miration and despair of her feminine acquaintances, was discussing the cost of living with a friend at tha Union League the other night. "By the way," ventured the friend, **—er—don't you have a good deal of trouble keeping your wife dressed la the height of style?" The woman's husband smiled and then shook his head, emphatically. "Oh, no," he said, "nothing to speak of. Nothing—nothing to the trouble I'd have If I didu't." COFFEE HEART JI Very Plain In Some People. A great many people go on suffering ,'rom annoying ailments for a long time before they can get their own consent to give up the indulgence from which their trouble arises. A gentleman In Brooklyn describes his experience, as follows: "I became satisfied some months ago that I owed the palpitation of the heart from which I suffered almost daily, to the use of coffee, (I had been a coffee drinker for 30 years) but I found it very hard to give up the bev erage. "One day I ran across a very sen sible and straightforward presenta tion of the claims of Postum, and was so Impressed thereby that I con cluded to give it a trial. "My experience with it was unsat isfactory till I learned how it ought to be prepared—by thorough boiling for not less than 15 or 20 minutes. After I learned that lesson there was no trouble. "Postum proved to be a most palat able and satisfactory hot beverage, and I have used It ever since. "The effect on my health has been most salutary. The heart palpitation from which I used to suffer so much, particularly after breakfast, has dis appeared and I never have a return of It except when I dine or lunch away from home and drink the old kind of coffee because Postum Is not served. I find that Postum cheers and lnftg orates while It produces no hartiigfal stimulation.'* Name given by Posuini Co., Battle Craek, Mich. I Ten days' trial proves an eye opener to many. ,' Head the little book, "The Wellville," In pkgs. "There's 4* la tercet.