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Among the most interesting of the
facts it brings out is that it never occurred to the "little woman" that there was anything about "Uncle Tom Cabin" in the least likely to precipitate a war. She wrote the book with the kindliest feelings to ward the south, and her aim was to be not only just but generous. To begin with, Mrs. Stowe was not of the extreme abolitionist type It was her firm belief that the better element in the south hated slavery, and that this element was much larger than was commonly supposed- Then, too, while she loathed the system with all her heart she was willing to be lieve that it took more often than not the kindly patriarchal form. She gave Uncle Tom three masters, and two of them were kind. She made one of her plantation owners detest slavery and free his slaves. She want ed to make the north understand that the best southeiners would co-operate with them in a reasonable attempt to do away with the evil. Never was a little lady more sur prised to find herself execrated. Her feeling had been when she first wrote the book that It would displease the abolitionists and bring sympathetic re sponse from the south—that is, if anybody ever read It at all, which she had doubted. When the book appeared the world turned topsy-turvy for her. Garrison, with whom she never quite agreed, wrote her that she was no longer abused—she had drawn, it all on her self. People fn the south who had not read the book, or who had read it with their minds made up beforehand, thought her tome sort of a monster. A cousin who lived 1n Georgia did not dare put the name of Mrs. Stowe on the envelope when she wrote to her. Mrs. Stowe found herself, in short, put in a class of agitators with whom she had never belonged, and the poor little dove of peace she had sent out came back with its feathers ruffled be yond recognition The question of slavery came Into her life at an early peried. It Is not true that she knew nothing of the "peculiar institution" at first hand She lived long in Cincinnati and met there many southerners, and it was on plantations where she visited that she got the color for the book she was to write many years after. She was hardly more than a girl when she visited the Kentucky planta tion which became afterward the home of Uncle Tom and Eliza, and about the same time she met To pay Topsy came to Cincinnati in the company of a wealthy Louisiana family which had libera led its slaves and it was in try ing to teach her religion that the famous conversation occurred- "Do you know who made you?" "Nobody as I knows on I 'spect I growed." In 1836 Cincinnati became the hot bed of anti-slavery talk. Mr. Theodore Weld of Lane Theological seminary led the movement. He had spent much of his life in the midst of slavery and was dedicating the remainder of his life to its overthrow. His ablest as sistant, the editor of an abolitionist paper, was Dr. Blrney, a slave owner from Alabama, who had freed his slaves, and come away to fight the system. It was natural that with these friends Mrs. Stowe should have had kindlly feelings toward the south, should have thought that it was rapidi ly wakening to the horror of slavery, and that the majority of its citizen* were anxiously trying to put an end to it. As far as the "cause" was con cerned her associations were with anti-slavery southerners rather thaji the northern abolitionists. Henry Ward Beecher edited in Cin cinnati a small daily paper, his siste/, now Mrs. Stowe, helping him. She records an incident of the agitation In Cincinnati that shows the flghti&g blood of the young man who was to become the great preacher. Dr. Blrney's abolitionist paper was wrecked by a mob, and she writes: "Many respectable citizens are in clined to wink at the outrage in con sideration of its moving in the line of their prejudices." Henry Ward Bencher did not wink. He feared an MMOT MMMM jHOi/jf MBftummcK.m.. WHERE "was rons ckbjm"wa& wdrr£n INlife JUNE of this year the one hundredth anniversary of the birth of Harriet Beecher Stowe will be widely celebrated- A new of the "little woman who made the great war," as Lincoln called her, is about to come from the press, written by her son, Charles Edward Stowe, and her grandson, Lyman Bee cher Stowe. HARRier jronr //ties/ attack on his own paper, and his sis ter found him one day making bul lets in the kitchen. She asked what he was making them for. "To Kill men with," he answered grimly, and Mrs. Stowe, telling her son about it years later, said. "I never saw Henry look so terrible. I did not like it, for I feared he was growing bloodthirsty." Professor Stowe helped at times the underground railroad. He it was who took the original of Eliza and "Little Harry" to the house of the old Quaker when the master was pursuing the fugitives. It was not long after this that she wrote she felt keenly the need of an intermediate party which would oppose slavery without the vio lence of abolitionists. But, she said, if no such party was formed many people would be forced to join the abolitionists "In spite of their ex cesses.' In 1850 the Stowes left Cincinnati for Brunswick, Me. It was there that her great resolve was taken that she would use her pen to fight slavery. Already she was a successful author and deeply interested in the cause of the slave. Her brother wrote And put the proposition to her squarely: why did she not write about the subject nearest her heart and make people understand? It was in the little parlor of her Brunswick home. She read the letter aloud. As she finished the appeal she rose from her chair, crush ing the letter in her hand and said: "God helping me, I will write." The material for "Uncle Tom's Cabin" came from various sources, but she verified them all. The Ken tucky plantation she already knew. The slaves whom she had known in Cincinnati had talked freely, giving the light as well as the tragedy of their lot. Uncle Tom seems to have been drawn from Joshua Hoosen, a black man of great sweetness and piety, who told her appalling stories of life aa he had seen it The book, then, was published, with many misgivings, but none among them was that the south would fall to understand the friendliness of her spirit. Then she found herself the most famous and the most abused woman In the world Mrs. Stowe had that exaltation of character which lifts a soul above praise or blame. In the midst of the tumult she wrote poetry and planned a trip to England in the interest of the cause. It is typical of her in genuousness that she was much sur prised to find herself welcomed and feted on the other side of the ocean. Where she had expected to rest and see nobody, she discovered she was the talk of the country. When the war broke out Mrs. Stowe's son was among the first to go. She wrote afterward: "It was the will of God that the slave mothers whose tears nobody regarded should have with them a great company of weepers, north and south—Rachels weeping for their children and refus ing to be comforted." After the war Mrs. Stowe went south and lived for a time in Florida. The scheme was to raise cotton with free labor, but it failed disastrously. In other ways the stay in the south was a success, and everywhere Mrs. Stowe appears to have been treated with consideration. The era of abuse was over. After cotton they tried to raise oranges, but a frost spoiled that plan Mrs. Stowe lost $34,000 in this way, and then she founded the Christian Union with her brother, Henry Ward Beecher, and lost most of the rest of her money. She kept writing, not be cause ner fame tempted1 her, but be cause the monpy was needed. "Uncle Tom's Cabin," which made an many fortunes, never yielded ber more tha» a lew hundred dollars JS2K HUGE CONSPIRACY TO MAINTAIN HIGH PRICES AND VIOLATE LAW ALLEGED. 10 LUMBER CONCERNS INVOLVED Consumers Are Declared at Mercy of Organizations Throughout Coun try—Action First of a Series. New York. May 20. Sweeping tharges ot gigantic conspiracy to main tain high prices, to blacklist concerns not regarded as "proper" trade, and lo violate generally the Sherman anti trust law. are made in a government suit iUed by Attorney General Wicker sham in the United States court here against the so-called lumber trust. Ten trade organizations and more than 150 individuals are named as de fendants in this suit, which may be the first of several planned by the depart ment of justice against combinations of retailers iti staple commodities and the necessaries of life to prevent the ultimate consumer from buying any where except from local retailers. Sensational Charges. The government's suit is replete with sensational allegations and it. is asserted that builders and consumers of lumber the country over are at the mercy of the retailers' organizations in different sections oi the country. The suit filed is against Hie Eastern States Retail Lumber Dealers' Asso ciation, which is the central body of nine local organizations, covering five states, the District of Columbia, and the cities of Baltimore and Philadel phia. This evidence includes blacklists and reports of the various organizations branding wholesalers and retailers who have dared to violate the rules ot the association as "poachers," mavericks," "scalpers" and "illegiti mate dealers" to whom "short shift" must be applied. The government charges in brief that by an elaborate system of black listing not only individual consumers, but some of the largest industrial corporations, have been prevented from dealing directly with wholesal ers. By alleged unlawful agreements and acts, it is charged that all competi tion for the trade of the contractor, the builders, the manufacturer of fin ished lumber products and the indi vidual consumer has been thrown en tirely into the hands of the retailers in the Eastern States Lumber Dealers' Association and its constituent organi zations. The government's bill al leges that in some localities the whole saler selling to a consumer has either been heavily fined or expelled from the organization. Suit Most Important. Officials of the department of jus tice regard the suit as the mosL im portant in princinle of anv yet under taken by the government against al leged conspiracies said to affect the cost of living. It is believed that should the courts uphold the govern ment's contention that it is a viola tion of the Sherman anti-trust law to prevent the ultimate consumer from buying direct trom the producer other suits will be. started against combina tions of retailers alleged to be in con trol of the marketing of manv of the commodities of life. The defendants named in the suit and who are alleged, to have conspired among themselves, and, with the as sistance of the National Wholesale Lumber Dealers' Association have pre vented wholesalers from selling direct ly or indirectly to consumers are: The Eastern States Retail. Lumber Dealers' Association, a New York cor poration, with offices at No. 18 Broad way the New York Lumber Trade As sociation of New York City the Build ing Material Men's Association of Westchester county, New York: the Lumber Dealers' Association of Con necticut the Massachusetts Retail Lumber Dealers' Association the Lumber Dealers' Association of Rhode Island, and the Retail Lumbermen Association of Baltimore. The officers .and directors, trustees and members of the above are named as individual defendants, as well as the officers and directors and members of the three following voluntary or ganizations: The New Jersey Lumbermen's Pro tective Association. The Retail Lumbermen's Association of Philadelphia. The Lumber Exchange of the Dis trict of Columbia. The government asks for a perma nent injunction from continuing the conspiracy charged. RULING ON TWO-CENT FARE. Higher Prices for Interstate Than for Intrastate Travel. Washington, May 20.—Railways op erating in Central Passenger Associa tion territory—including Ohio, In diana, Illinois and Michigan—are per mitted by an order of the Interstate Commerce Commission to exact higher passenger fares for interstate than for intrastate business where state legis lature or state commissions have es tablished a 2-cent a mile rate. TORNADO III SOUTH OAKOTA VICINITY OF DELL RAPIDS HIT BY A TWISTER. Woman and Two Children Are Injured —At Least a Dozen Buildings Destroyed. Sioux Falls, S. D„ May 20.—A disas trous tornado visited the country in the vicinity of Dells Rapids. S. D., 10 miles north ot this city, injuring three persons and destroying at least a dozen buildings, most of them farm houses. In Dell Rapids ncarlv the entire population sought, refuge in cel lars and in this manner avoided in jury. First reports stated that the town had been destroyed. Dell Rap ids has a population of 1,500. The wind placed out of commission all rural telephone lines and only meager details are ootamable. Mrs. Frank Fonsback. who suffered the loss of her home and outbuildings, was caught in a hailstorm with her two children while returning from a scboolliouse and all three were badly bruised by hail. At Lyons, a small town near here, a large livery barn was wrecked and plate glass store fronts blown in. Cool Storm May Dispel Heat. Washington, Rlav 20.—All the way from tlie Rocky mountains to the At lantic coast stretched a hot wave, with temperatures almost breaking records in various cities and causing prostration* galore. From out of the north Pacific relief is coming in a storm with considerably cooler weath er in us wake. The heat wave is due to moderate in the eastern states Saturday or Sun day. Washington and Richmond were the hottest places on the weather map, their official record running up to 95 against Washington seasonal rec ord-breaking !)4 a week ago. Balti more and other cities, however, were close competitors. The street ther mometers in the shade here recorded 103, while one of the sun ran up to 103. FIRE SWEEPS STOCK YARDS. 1,000 Sheep Destroyed and One Block Burned in Kansas City. Kansas City, May 20.—Fire which for an hour endangered the entire Kansas Citv stockyards and the Live stock Exchange building, destroyed sheep pens covering an area of a block square, burned sheep estimated to number 1,000 and partly destroyed two mule barns. A fire station in the course ot construction was partly de stroyed. The hre started in a fertilizer plant at the south end of the yards and was swept in the sheep pens before a high south wind. Many of the sheep were Kinded in lanes and driven to safety in other parts of the yards. One goat was seen leading 75 sheep to safety through an open gate. Thirty goats which were used to lead the sheep to the packing houses perished. From the sheep pens the fire swept to a row of mule barns. Several thou sand mules were turned out and saved. Thousands of spectators who thronged the streets, stock lanes and fcnces were danger of their lives when the mules stampeded. The frightened animals finally were head ed into a stock pen. Sparks from the burning pens set hre to a school building live blocks away. The pupils already had been dismissed. The school building was saved. The damage is estimated at less than $50,000. Salem Fire Loss Is $300,000. Salem, Mass., May 20.—Fire which swept over the leather manufacturing district destroyed four large build ings and badly damaged several oth ers, causing a loss of more than $300, 000. The L. M. Tlgh leather factory and the Marrs Leather Embossing company's plant and the Cass & Daley leather storehouse were burned, while factories of the American Hide & 1.eat her company and of Cass & Daley were damaged. Spontaneous combus tion is believed to have caused the lire. Fire Menaces Range Location. Duluth, May 20.—The location at the section 30 mine on the Vermillion range was saved from destruction by forest fire only by the hard work of the first departments at Ely and W'inton. Two miles ot hose was laid to fight the fire from Fall Lake. Business Section Is Fire-Swept. Kalamazoo, Mich., May 20. Fire destroyed the business section of the village of Scotts. The loss is esti mated at between $75,000 and $100, OO'O. Pullman President Resigns. Chicago, May 20.—At a meeting of the directors of the Pullman company Robert T. Lincoln presented his resig nation as president and was elected chairman of the board. John S. Run nels was named president. CARSON ELECTED MODERATOR. Brooklyn, N. Y., Pastor Chosen by General Assembly. Atlantic City, May 20.—The election of Dr. John Carson, of the Central church of Brooklyn as moderator of the general assembly of the Presby terian church came after a spirited contest and was decided on the sec ond ballot. Backers of candidates boldly attacked methods employed by certain sections in grooming their favorites. a 1 HON. PETER NORBECK OF SPINK COUNTY IS OUT THE SUM OF $2,400. UNWILLING DONOR TO DAKOTA Spink County Senator is Unable to Recover on a Well Digging Contract Because of a Certain Law on thr Statute Books. Redfield.—It is not often that a man becomes a donor to the state, either willingly or unwillinglv, and it is in the latter that Hon. Peter Norbeck, ot Redlleld, state senator from Spink county, has just acquired some promi nence through his construction of the new artesian well at the state univer sity at Vermillion, and wlncn will cost Mr. Norbeck the sum of $2,400, all because he was unaware of a cer tain statute in the state of South Da kota. The legislature authorized the board of regents to dig a new well at the state university at Vermillion, and an appropriation was made to cover the cost of the project. This was done at the time that Mr. Norbeck was a mem ber ot the senate. When the time came to advertise for bids lor the con struction of the well the only one re ceived was from Mr. Norbeck for the sum of $2,400. The work was done in a way entirely satislactory to the board and Mr. Norbeck bill was approved by the board ot regents, but when it went to State Auditor Anderson to receive the cash he remembered the statute which prohibited any member ot the legislature, during the term for which he shall have been elected, or within one year thereafter, trom being interested, directly or indirectly, in any contract with the state or any county thereof, auhonzed by any law passed during the term for which he had been eelcted. Inasmuch as Mr. Norbeck was a member ol the senate at the time the law was passed authorizing the con struction of the well he comes under the provisions of the law in a very direct manner. SOUTH DAKOTA NEWS NOTES Marvin announces that the Fourth of July will be celebrated in that vil lage. The Huron postofflce will not make delivery of mails at the carriers win dows on Sunday from this time on. E. S. Sisson, an old soldier, commit ted suicide at Armour by cutting his throat from ear to ear. Despondency is the reason. The 29th annual convention of the South Dakota Dental society, in ses sion at Aberdeen, was largely attend ed by dentists lrom all sections of the state. The German Settlers' association has fixed June 20 as the date for the annual picnic and celebration of the organization, which will be held in Hartford. The annual picnic of the Illinois and Iowa Picnic association, which is lormed ot former residents of the two states, who now live in Scotland and vicinity, will be held on June 15. October 10 next has been fixed as the date for the annual meeting of the South Dakota Grange, wnlch will be held in Presho. An effort is being made to have the annual Lyman coun ty fair held there at the same time. The government Indian bureau has ordered closed the Indian school at Little Eagle in the Standing Rock res ervation as soon as the present term of school expires. The equipment will be removed to Fort Yates and the building sold. The committee in charge of Yank ton's summer Chautauqua has been definitely advised that Dr. Cook, of arctic notoriety, will be a feature of this summer's Chautauqua course, and it is predicted that this interesting speaker will be a great drawing card. Gen. S. J. Conklin of Clark, who has been dangerously ill for some time but is now improving, celebrated his 82d birthday anniversary and largo num bers ot his friends and neighbors of many years called upon him at his home to telicitato hun upon the occa sion. George Combs, aged 14, the adopt ed son of Valentine Peter, a farmer near Fairfax, was drowned while Dathlng with a hair dozen smaller companions in Vanousok's pond. It is thought that he either could not swim and dropped into a hole that had been dug out during the dry weather last year, or was subject to cramps. He was drowned almost before the other boys realized he was in danger. Trainmen, on the Northwestern pas senger train running into Hot Springs had an exciting experience with a burning car. A car of baled hay was but in between the engine and the head coach, and, after several miles, the car was found ablaze. The crew managed to detach it and set It on the siding, but the car burned completely. Steps have been taken at Hot Springs to organize what will be known as the Fall River County Sun day School asspciation. At a meeting to be held in June the organization will be perfected. J/ Evaporated is the handiest thing in the pan try. It is pure and always ready to use. There is no waste—use as much or as little as you need, and the rest keeps longer than fresh milk. Gives fine results in all cooking Tell your grocer to tend Libby'a Milk 'J&z Join In War Against Tuberculosis. From statistics published in the now tuberculosis directory of the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis it is as-: certalned that over GOO cities and• towns of the United States, besides about 100 In Canada, are engaged in the war against consumption, and that on April 1st there were nearly 1,500 different agencies at work in the cru sade, an increase of nearly 700 per cent, in the last seven years. The new directory lists 421 tuber culosis sanatoria hospitals, and day camps 511 associations and commit tees for the prevention of tubercul osis 342 special dispensaries 68 open air schools 98 hospitals for the insane and penal institutions, making special provision for their tuberculosis inmates besides giving an account of the anti-tuberculosis legislation in every state and in about 260 cities. The new directory is sold by the National Association for the Study and Prevention of Tuberculosis, 105 East Twenty-second street, New York city, at cost price, 50 cents postpaid. Chinese Educational Puzzle. It Is generally recognized that China has set to work at the wrong end of her education problem. China has begun at the top, has tried to establish universities without prepar ing students for them, and all the lower rungs of the ladder are so badly constructed that It is almost impossible for the student to mount by them.—National Review, Shanghai. Many a man succeeds because he's a good guesser. One Cook May make a cake "(it for the Qijecn," while another only succeeds in making a "pretty good cake" from the same materials. It's a matter of skill! People appreciate, who have once tasted. Post Toasties A delicious food made of White Corn—flaked and toasted to a delicate, crisp brown—to the "Queen's taste." Post Toasties are served direct from the package with cream or milk, and sugar if desired— A breakfast favorite! "The Memory Lingers" Pas turn Cereal Com] But* Cmk. Hi #8 4 -J i' •m 1® 4 'M 0P •tr- ijr, Ltd.