Not long ago occurred the hundredth
mniversary of Doctor Draper's birth
»nd it was celebrated in the auditori
um of the university at Aqueduct ave
In these kodak days the directions
jhich Doctor Draper gave at this time
'-king a photograph are interest
m',* At first, he said, he had tried
feeing the face of a sister with white
'er, but he later found that this
is unnecessary. On a bright day
id with a sensitive plate, he an
(uuced, portraits could be obtained
the course of five or seven minutea.
"The hands of the sitter," he said
these directions to the camera
ids of that day, "should never rest
the chest, for the motion of res
ration disturbs them so much as to
ike them of a thick and clumsy ap
iranee, destroying also the repre
itation of the veins on the back,
ilch, if they are held motionless, are
ied with surprising beauty.
j"A person dressed in a black coat
open waistcoat of the same color
1st put on a temporary front of a
ib or flesh color or by the time that
face and the fine shadows of his
len clothing are evolved his shirt
1 be solarized and will be blue and
ick with a white halo around it.
[Owing to the circumstances thnt
low and yellowish browns require
ong time to impress the substance
the daguerrotype, persons whose
are freckled all over give rise to
most ludicrous results, a white
trait mottled with just as many
:k dots as the sitter has yellow
^n March 22, 1840, Doctor Draper
I from the roof of the building the
Photograph ever taken of the
In. His plate was exposed 20 min
the old building of the New York
university on Washington square,
the birthplace of the telegraph of
Morse, there was taken in 1839
the first photograph of the humcn
Tace. The photograph was that of
Miss Dorothy Catherine Draper, and
the man who took it was her brother,
tr. John William Draper, professor
of chemistry in the university. He
bad gone a step beyond Daguerre and
by this photograph he established him
Belf as one of the great inventors of
the nineteenth century.
One Hundred and Eighty-first
It was on the roof of the old build
ing on Washington place that there
™^as set -tip, in 1840, the first photo
fliraph gallery in the world. To this gal
ry there came to be amazed and de-
Jgited all the notables of the day, ln
iluding Theodore Frelinghuysen, the
sandidate for vice-president on the
*enry Clay ticket.
Professor Draper took the pictures,
lis camera was a cigar box and his
|ense the glass from a pair of spec
tacles. Doctor Draper's assistant in
his gallery, the man who posed the
itters and attended to the artistic de
ils, was Prof. S. F. B. Morse, who
•nly five years before and in the same
'Uilding had operated the first tele
The pictures taken in this gallery
ere developed by Professor Draper,
it was his experiments in regard
the chemical action of light that
enabled him to improve the proc
is of Daguerre almost as soon as the
itter discovery was made known,
was In 1839 that Daguerre gave his
ocess to the world, but It was not
len adaptable to landscapes or por
•aits. In the same year Professor
Iraper announced that he had found
le way to photograph the human face
id to overcome those obstacles which
lade the Frenchman's process imper
"ct and Impractical.
the in age was about an inch
The photograph was pre-
what was then the Lyceum
History. It created
not only here
ffriss Oorothy C. QrvjoeT^* ..
given to the photographic process for
many years after this.
The man whom New York univer
sity .is about to lienor as the* first
photographer and a great chemist was
born an EnglishmMf. He cable to this
country at the jige JOZ twenty-two.
graduated from* the University of
Pennsylvania in 1836 and was appoint
ed professor of natural philosophy,
chemistry and physiology at Hamp
den-Sydney college In Virginia. It was
from there that he was called' in 1839
to be professor of chemistry at New
York university, and he signalized his
change of residence by announcing
almost immediately thereafter his
photographic process. He was con
nected with the university until his
death in 1882.
Doctor Draper has frequently been
described as a pioneer in the science
of prismatic analysis. His discov
eries in this field covered a wide
range. He even anticipated the incan
descent light of Edison when he sug
gested as a standard for photometry
for white light a piece of platinum foil
of given area and thickness heated to
Incandescent by an electric current
of specified strength.
Capillary attraction was the subject
of his first researches and from them
arose his discovery as to how the
blood is purified, a mystery which had
baffled the scientists up to that time
It was in 1847 that he explained the
circulation and purification of the
blood in a work that attracted wide
Doctor Draper Is still remembered
at New York university as one of the
most prodigious workers ever known.
Besides his extensive research work
he found time to publish more than
a hundred books, monographs and ad
dresses. He wrote a history of the
Civil war in three volumes and his
"History of the Intellectual Develop
ment of Europe" was translated into
every civilized tongue.
A Lazy Man'* Job.
Tip, since his early wanderings on
the plains, has always said that the
softest lazy man's Job on earth was
raising sheep. Sheep are bush feed
ers. They will thrive on eating any
thing from dead sage-brush to railroad
snow fences. They will tunnel their
muzzles through snow to gat a stick
underneath for food. Of course they
eat the snow when they get thirsty.
Now Tip learns from an official gov
ernment report that an island off the
coast of Nova Scotia has been a great
success. Not an attendant with food,
not a copper cent of cost to the owfr
ers, and through two bitterly cold,
hard winters those sheep have fat
tened and flourished to splendid form
and fleece.—New York Press.
"And what is her reason for asking
for a divorce?"
"Because her huBband was in the
habit of throwing her dresnes all over
"That's a funny reason."
"Yes, but as a general thing she
was inside the dresses when he threw
God helps those that help them
TAFT DECLINES TO EXERCI6E
ANY KIND OF EXECUTIVE
MORSE AND J. R. WALSH
President Scores Convicted Financieri
—Both Used People's Money For
Their Own Gain, He
Washington, D. C. President
Taft denied the applications for the
pardon of Charles W. Morse of New
York and John R. Walsh, of Chicago,
the two most prominent bankers evei
convicted and sent to federal peniten
tiaries under the national banking
Not only did the president refuse to
nrdon either Morse or Walsh, but he
tilso declined at this time to exerclsc
any sort of executive clemency in
these cases, or to shorten the sen
tences imposed upon the two men by
the courts in which they were con
In denying the pardon the president
took the stand that the national bank
ing laws must be upheld when they
oft'ect the rich man even more than
when they affect the poor. The record
in the Walsh case, the president, said
in a long opinion, "shows moral turpi
tude of that insidious and dangerous
kind, to [funish. which the national
banking laws were especially enacted."
In considering the case of Morse,
the present said that "from a con-
Charles W. Morse.
slderation of the facts in each case, I
have no doubt that Morse should have
received a heavier sentence than
Walsh. Indeed, the methods taken by
Morse tend' to show that more keenly
than Walsh did he realize the evil of
what he was doing."
In his opinion in the Walsh case, the
president protested against the failure
to discriminate between legitimate
business and improper gain.
Honest Methods Beclouded.
"The truth is," he said, "that In
the mad rush for wealth in the last
few decades the lines between profit
from legitimate business and improper
gain from undue use of trust control
over other people's property and mon
ey has sometimes been dimmed and
the interest of society requires that
whenever opportunity oifers those
charged with the enforcement of the
law should emphasize the distinction
between honest business and dishonest
breaches of trust."
The president's denial of the pardon
applications of Morse and Walsh does
not mean that they must stay in prison
until the end of their terms. Walsh
began a sentence of five years In the
Leavenworth penitentiary in January,
1910, and under the federal parole law
is eligible for parole next September,
the president's action having no bear
ing whatever upon future application
for parole. Morse began his 15-year
term in the Atlanta penitentiary in
January, 1910, also. In denying his
application the president granted
leave to renew it after Jan. I, 1913.
Under the parole law Morse would
be eligible for release in 1915.
The pleas of ill health and reim
bursement of all depositors in the
Morse and Walsh banks were made in
DAILY MARKET REPORT8.
Twin City Markets.
Minneapolis, Ma~ ?%.—Wheat, July,
95£c Sept., 90%c No. 1 northern
98c No. 2 northern, 96%c No. 1
durum, 88c No. 3 corn, 52%c No.
3 white oats, 33c barley, malting,
94c No. 2 rye, 90c No. 1 flax, $2.34.
Duluth, May 25. Wheat, July,
98c Sept. 91%c No. 1 northern,
98%c No. 1 durum, 88%c.
South St. Paul, May 25. Cattle—
Steers, $5.00 @5.25 cows, $3.25 @3.85
calves, [email protected] hogs, [email protected]
sheep, yearlings, $3.50®4.50.
Chicago Live Stock.
Chicago, May tli Cattle—Market
weak to 10c lo 1 tSi beeves, [email protected]
western steers, [email protected] Btockers
and feeders, [email protected] cows and heif
ers, [email protected] calves, [email protected]
Hogs—Market shade lower light,
[email protected] mixed, [email protected]%
heavy, [email protected]% rough, $5.86®
5.555 good to choice heavy, $5.55
Sheep.—Market alow, 10c lower na*
tive, $3.30 @5.00 western, [email protected]
yearlings, $4.7505.70 lambs, nativ*
DUKE PLAYS FAIRY PRINCE
In Disguise Ernest of Hesse Goet
Among His Poorer Subjects
Darmstadt —The Grand Duke Ernst
Ludwig of Hesse delights to go among
his people in disguise. He was
strolling alone in the city park,
clothed almost shabbily, when he fell
into conversation with a young clerk
out of employment.
The grand duke sympathized with
him. The stranger, taking his com
panion for a iellow clerk ,asked for
a little loan.
"You need not be afraid," he said.
"If you will lend me the 'tin' I can
Grand Duke of Hesse.
buy a suit and I will repay you out
fcf my first wages, because 1 cer
tainly can get a job."
The grand duke without replying
led the way towards the palace gates.
A gorgeously uniformed official ap
peared and asked: "What are your
The grand duke replied: "Take this
young man to my tailors and see
that he gets a suit and have the
bill sent to the palace." Then he said
a hearty good by-by to the out-of
TO STAY SINGLE TEN YEARS
Los Angeles Business Woman Will
Win Fortune by Sticking to
Los Angeles.- -Miss Leila M. Devine
of this city, auditor of a big retail
business house, has. agreed not to
marry for ten years,- the considera
tion being a large block of the cor
poration stock. Although the con
tract was signed four years ago,
when Miss Devine was twenty-four
years old, news of the agreement was
not made public until now. If Miss
Devine is unmarried when she is
thirty-four, the stock will be turned
over to her. Should she marry be
fore the agreement expires the stock
reverts to the company. Miss De
vine insists there Is not the slightest
danger of her losing the stock. A
Miss Leila M. Devine.
member of the firm recently said that
the young woman's services weit of
such value to the company that this
method was taken to retain them.
MISTAKES OF FRENCH MISS
Shy Little Creature Has Gone and Re
placed by Monkey With Pigtail,
Says Noted Lecturer.
Paris.—Monsignor Bolo, the talented
lecturer, who possesses a fame in
Paris only comparable with that of
Father Bernard Vaughan in England,
has lately been devoting his attention
to the French young girl. In the
course of an article in the Matin on
this subject he remarks:
"The little creature with a shy
laugh has disappeared from our nat
ural history another species is at
tempting to replace it, one which
Schopenhauer would have called the
'monkey with a pigtail.' This young
girl of today takes liberties like an
American, flirts like an English girl,
reads like a Norwegian, Is omnivorous
and versatile as a Russian, uses her
eyes like a Spaniard, and dresses like
Bird Purrs Like Tiger.
Comanche, Tex.—A tlgersuma that
purrs like a tiger and is said to be a
habitant of South America was cap
tured near Comanche'. The bird Is
striped and about the size of a hen,
has a small head and eyes and la of
a vicious disposition.
It Is believed to have been blown to
tea In a storm and found refuge In
PRINT WITHOUT INK
Englishman Makes Remarkable
Discovery by Accident.
3y Means of Electricity Inventor Can
Print a Newspaper in All Hues of
the Rainbow With One
London.—About two years ago- a fu
gitive paragraph drifting in the Eng
lisii press had for its subject a possi
ble "printing without ink."
Just now a semi-technical London
publication has succeeded in running
down the author of the discovery and
from him it has the story of the ex
periment up to date. The man is Ce
cil liembridge, Loudon address not
It was an accidental lead which Mr
llenibMdge picked up in his discovery
ol' iniliess printing. It was about 12
years «go that, working in his labora
tory with an electric battery, he had
spread a sheet of tin on the table and
on the tin plate he had laid a piece of
moist paper. The bare ends of the
copper wires from his battery trailed
over this sheet of wet paper which
had sluek fast to the plate of tin.
His experiment originally was to dis
cover a certain electro-metallurgical
action in connection with gold and for
the purpose of the experiment he
reached into his pocket for a gold coin.
As he brought a handful of miscellane
ous coins from his pocket, a gold
piece slipped through his fingers, roll
ed upon the table and in catching
at the coin, he clamped the sovereign
upon one of the connecting battery
wires and in firm contact with the
moist paper. In the effort at stop
ping the coin, too, the other wire
was pushed over until it lay in con
tact with the sheet of tin. Then came
the accidental discovery.
He reached for the coin and In pick
ing it up was surprised to'"iHid "upon
A Gold Piece Slipped Through His
the moist paper an absolutely clear
imprint of the coin in a brownish
black. He describes the print as even
clearer than If he had inked the coin
and applied the inked surface to the
paper by careful pressure.
Following his questionings he pro
cured a few linotype lines of print,
assembled them, and placed the type,
face down, on a like sheet of moist
paper resting upon a like sheet of tin.
When the battery wires were connect
ed with the type metal and with the
tin sheet and current applied, every
letter showed from the type lines with
out blur or blemish.
Taking a sheet of zinc in lieu of the
tin, again the electrical influences
brought the same general effect,
though the crudest of hand methods
were used in applying the type to the
paper. Dry paper was cot affected
moisture was required for the proper
After proving to his satisfaction
that, regardless of the pressure upon
the paper in contact, the clearness
of the lettering was satisfactory, Mr.
Brembridge sought to discover a
chemical moistener for the paper
which would give the jet black effect
of ordinary printer's ink and at the
same time preserve the whiteness of
The great trouble was to secure per
manency in the electrical imprint
For ten years Mr. Bembrldge wrest
led with the solution of his problem.
Today he announces that everything
is accomplished and proved, not only
In the matter of a Jet black print with
out ink, but asserts that he is able to
print a newspaper in all hues of the
rainbow and with the one contact.
As explained by Mr. Bembrldge, his
long searchings into chemical com
binations for producing jet black
prints led him on into electro-pigmen
tary combinations producible by oxi
dizing processes. More than all of
this, however, tho assertion is made
that in treating the white paper some
of the cheapest of chemical elements
serve the purpose admirably and at a
cost far below that of the costly print
As for the presses for turning out
the newspaper, they are greatly sim
plified, the ink troughs and rollers
disappearing altogether. The stereo
type plate is used and In position on
the press is thoroughly insulated be
low, while the roller surface which
guides the moist paper also is Insu
lated. The paper rollers are connect
the positive magnetic pole,
while the stereotype plate la linked
negative and from
power that runs the press
tro-chemlcai action is
the Imprint as deslr
Thtl Makesth« Baking Battar
Panares at* almost Impouibla with
We kaaw that It will *lve you batter
We know thnt the baking will be parar
We know that it will be more evenly
And we know that Calumet Is more
economical, both in its use and cost.
We knew these things because we
have put the quality into it*—we have
seen It tried out in every way. It is
used now in millions of homes and its
•ales are growing daily. It is the
modem baking powder.
Have you tried it?
Calumet Is highest In Quality—
moderate in price.
Received Higlieet Award—
.World's Pure Feed Eaposltiee.
•Looking Out for Number One.
Sydney had been given some dis
carded millinery with which to amuse
herjgelf. She trimmed a marvelous
ilotikltig hat, and so arranged it that a
ostrich plume hung straight
down from the front of the brim, over
her baby face.
?J£ome here, Sydney," said her
n^th^r. "Let me tack that feather
back1*, out of your eyes."
"Oh, no, mother! I want it that
way, so I can see it myself. 'Most
always only other people can see the
feathers on my hats."—Judge.
Clean 8anitary Floors.
Varnish, which is commonly regard*
Bd only as a beautifier, is an efficient
lanltary agent. Varnished surfaces cah
ite cleaned by wiping, and the microbe
laden dust is thus kept out of the air.
A varnished floor is therefore not only
up to date, beautiful and easily clean
ed, but is wholesome. The National
Association of Varnish Manufacturers,
636 The Bourse, Philadelphia, Penn.,
are distributing free a booklet entitled
"Modern Floors," which tells how
floors may be made and kept whole
some and attractive. Send for one.
Varnish is cheaper than carpet and
far more satisfactory.
"What do you think of her figure?"'
"It looks to me liko a frame-up."
Mrs. Wfnulow'n Soothing Syrup for Children
teething, soflenn the kuuiu, reduced inflamma
tion, allays pain.
cures wind colic, 25c a bottle.
A man can lead any woman to talk,
but he can't always make her say
what he wants to hear.
Garfield Tea overcomes constipation.
Anyway, there is- nothing "rironoto
nous about the weather, svjrusSf
Cleanses the System
colds and Headaches
due to constipation.
Best for men, women
and children: younq
To qet its Beneficial
effects, always note the
name of the Company
plainly printed on the
front of every packaqe
of the Genuine
thousands have it and
don,t know lt If
want good results you
can make no mistake by using Dr. KIN
mar's Swamp-Root, the great kidney rem.
edy. At druggists ln fifty cent and dol
lar sizes. Sample bottle by mall free,
also pamphlet telling you how to find out
lt you have kidney trouble.
Address, Dr. Kilmer Oo., Biachaaton, N. I
-t- f* «sa
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