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The War Fifty Years Ago Small Federal Garrison at Lexington, Mo., Besieged Ten Days by Large Force of Confederates Under General Sterling Price—Colonel James A. Mulligan's Heroic A FTEB winning the battle ot Wilson's Creek, Missouri, on Aug. 10. 1801. the Missouri Mulligan's Own Story. "On the night of the 30th of August, 1801," said Colonel Mulligan, "as the 'Irish brigade' (Twenty-third Illinois) lay at Jefferson, Mo., 1 received orders to cut my way through the enemy, go to Lexington and hold it at all haz ards. Next morning the brigade start ed with forty rounds of ammunition and three days' rations. We marched nlne days without meeting the enemy, 'foraging upon the country for sup port. The trouble was not so much In .getting into Lexington as In getting out. We found there Colonel Mar shall's cavalry regiment and 350 home guards. Colonel Peabody Joined us Sept. 10 with the Thirteenth Missouri, fie came into the trenches with Gen eral Sterling Price and 10,000 Confed erates at his heels. "I took command of the defense. We mustered 2.7S0 men, with seven •lx-poundcrs and forty rounds of rifle cartridges and but few rations. The enemy hod five batteries, numbering sixteen guns. We commenced throw ing up intrenchments on College hill, an eminence overlooking Leiingiuu and the broad Missouri. All day the 11th our men worked with pick and •hovel. That evening our pickets Were driven in. We waited until the •morning of the 12th, vigilant and (without sleep, and then a messenger irushed in, saying, 'Colonel, the enemy Ms pushing across the bridge in over whelming force.' With a glass we Could see them as they came, General (Price riding up and down the line? inrglng his men. Two companies oi [the Thirteenth Missouri, with Com |pany of the Irish brigade, drove (the enemy back and burned the Ibridge. "The enemy now made a detour and 'approached the town on the Independ ence road. Six companies of the Mis •ourlans and the cavalry met them in fcexlngton cemetery, and the fight rag Ad furiously over the dead. We suc ceeded in keeping the enemy in check and meanwhile had thrown up In trenchments three or four feet high. At 3 o'clock the engagement opened Arlth artillery. The contest raged half an hour, when a lucky shot knocked over the enemy's big gun and explod ed a powder caisson. The flgbt con tinued until dusk, and as the moon •rose the enemy retired to camp, two Biles away, and Lexington was our own again. Intrenching: Knee Deep In Mod. "On Friday, the 13th, it rained all •ay. and the men stood knee deep Defense-—His Own Modest Story of the Siege—Fu rious Fight In Town Cemetery—Surgeon Captured and Held by the Enemy—Hospital Also Taken. Hospital Retaken In Thrilling Charge—Mulligan Sur renders to Stop Slaughter. Captain GEORGE L. KILMER. Late U. S. V. ICopyrlght by American Press Associa tion, 191].] Coufudernt ^, led by Ueiuv.. Sterling Prii-e. took possession Springfield and controlled nearly tin whole of western Missouri as hi piorth as Lexington, which is on t!i (Jissouri river about 100 miles norih of Springfield. This post was occu pied by a small force of home guards only until re-enforccinents arrived on Bept. 0. Meanwhile Trice was hasten ing northward, joined at every step by recruit:-!, who flocked to his victorious standards. He reached Lexington oil the 12th. The garrison there assem bled was under command of Colonel James A. Mulligan of the Twenty- DOLONEIj JAMES A. MULLIGAN, HEBOID DE FENDER OF LEXINGTON, MO.—COL .iNF.1, MULLIGAN WAS KILLED AT THE BATTI.1 OF WINCHESTER, VA., THUKE XEAItS AFTEB THE LEXINGTON SIEGE. third Illinois. Mulligan fought for ten flays in the trenches at Lexington. Mo., then surrendered because his men had no water, no bread and no car tridges. Three years later he died like a hero at the battle of Winches ter. The following interesting story of the siege was told by himself, and It Is true: ID mud building intrenchments. A quan tity of powder was obtained, and our cisterns were filled with water. The men made cartridges and cast l.'t.. rounds of shot for the guns. All this time our pickets were engaged with the enemy. On the night of the IT:', we heard sounds of preparation fo' attack in the enemy's catnp. "At 9 o'clock tile IStli the drums be to arms, and the terrible struggle cum menced. The eneinyV forces had heer increased to 18.000 men. They caini on in one dark, moving mass. The planted two batteries in front, one the left, one on the right and one in the rear and opened with a terrible lire Our spies informed us that the enemy Intended to make one grand rout and Imry lis all in the trenches of Lexing ton. The batteries opened at 0 o'clock and for three days never ceased to pour deadly shot upon us. About noon out hospital was taken. It was outside tin intrenchments. I had taken it for granted that it was not necessary to build fortifications around the sick man's couch. Hut I was inexperienced They besieged the hospital, took it and from the balcony poured a deadly fire into our intrenchments. "The hospital contained our chaplain, surgeon and 120 wounded. It could not be allowed to remain in the posses sion of the enemy. Two companies of Missourlans were ordered in turn to retake the hospital, but both refused. The Montgomery guards. Captain Gleason, of the Irish brigade, were then ordered in. The commander, with a brief exhortation to uphold the historic name they bore, gave the word to charge. The distance was S0O yards. They started, first quick, then double quick, then on a run, tlien faster. The enemy poured a deadly shower of bullets upon them, but -on they went up the slope to the hospital door and, with irresistible bravery, drove the enemy before them. The hospital was retaken. Captain Gleason was shot through the arm and through the face. "Toward evening word came from the enemy that if the whole garrison did not surrender before next day they would hoist the black flag and give no quarter. We told them when we asked for quarter it would be time to settle that. We were In a terrible situation. The men caught rainwater in their blankets and ran It out into their can teens for drinking purposes. Our sur geon was held by the enemy against all the usages of war. Captain Mori arty went to the hospital and. with nothing but a razor, acted as surgeon. The Famous "Mulligan Charge." "On the morning of the 19th the fir ing was resumed and continued all day. The day was signalized by a BOTTOM LANO LEXINGTON Wk UNION. CONFEDERATE. fierce bayonet charge upon a regiment of the enemy which showed tliem that our men were not completely worried I out. The officers had told them to hola out until the 101h, when they would certainly be re-enforced. Through that day our little garrison stood with straining eyes, watching to see if some friendly flag was bearing aid to them. With straining ear awaiting the sound of a friendly cannonade. But no re enforcements appeared, and with the energy of despair they determined to do their duty at all hazards. The 19th was a horrid day. Our water cisterns had been drained, and we dare not leave the crown of the hill and make our Intrenchments on the bank of the river, for the enemy could plant his cannon on the hill and bury us. The day was burning hot, and as the men bit their cartridges their lips were parched and blistered. But not a word of murmuring. That night two wells were ordered dug. We took two ra vines and expected to reach water in hours of terror and had fallen on the field. Satlly we buried them in the trenches. "The morning of the 20th broke, but no re-enforcements appeared. Still the men fought on. The enemy had con structed movable breastworks of hemp bales, rolled them up the hill and ad vanced their batteries in a manner to command our fortifications. Heated shots were fired at them, but they had taken the precaution to soak the bales In the Missouri. The attack was urged with new vigor, and during the fore noon the outer breastworks were taken by a charge. The whole line was bro ken, and the enemy rushed in. At first the bales were dipped in the river to wet them, but the water so increas ed tlieir weight that the men could scarcely roll them to the crest of the hill where they were most needed. After a time they were rolled into po sition and then saturated. The Fed erals having a second time been dis lodged from the hospital height, the Confederates threw out from that po sition wings on the right and the left covered with the wet hemp bales. These furnished protection for several hundred men. The commander of the assailants at that point says that on the morning of the surrender he ad vanced his defense of hemp bales very near to the Federal intrenchments and opened lire with fatal effect. "Captain Fitzgerald, whom 1 had known in my younger days and whom we called by the familiar name of 'Saxy,' was then ordered to oppose his company to the assailants. As I gave the order, "Saxy, go in,' the gallant fel low, at the head of Company 1, with a wild yell rushed upon the enemy. The firing suddenly ceased, and when the smoke arose from the field I saw the Michigan company, under its gal lant commander. Captain McDermott, also charging the enemy and driving them back. "Many of our good fellows were ly ing dead, our cartridges had failed and it was evident the fight would soon cease. It was now 3 o'clock, and all on a sudden an orderly came, say ing that the enemy had sent in a flag of truce. With the flag came the fol lowing note from General Price: 'Colonel, what has caused the cessa tion of the fight?' Surrender Stops Butchery. "I returned it with the following message written on the back: 'I hardly know, unless you have surrendered.' He took pains to assure me that was not the case. I learned soon after that that our home guard had hoisted a white flag. The lieuten ant who hail hoisted the flag was threatened with instant death unless he hauled it down. At that one of the officers exclaimed, 'This is butchery!' ""The conviction became general, and a council of war was held. The place was given up, and the enemy came pouring in. We were placed in (ile and led through the streets of Lexing ton. As we passed the ladies came from the houses and jeered us. We (the officers) were then taken to a ho tel with no proprietor and no rations. After we had boarded there for some time we started for 'the land of Dixie.' Thus ends Colonel Mulligan's story. When he and his field officers offered up their swords General Price said: "You gentlemen have fought so brave ly it would be wrong to deprive you of your swords. Keep them." When Mulligan entered Lexington he got possession of nearly $1,000,000 BOTTOM THE SIEGE OF LEXINGTON, SHOWING HOW FEDERAL FORCES UNDER COLONEL MULLIGAN WERE SURROUNDED ON COL LEGE HILL BY GENERAL PRICE. fl/ACKS0N belonging to the State Rank of Mis souri, $163,000 of the amount being gold. The treasure was buried in the principal fort under Mulligan's tent and remained there during the battle. Price gained nothing but glory and about 3,000 prisoners by capturing Lex ington, for General Fremont, com mander of the Federal army in Mis souri, advanced against him promptly and soon occupied Springfield, in Price's rear. Colonel Mulligan was held as a pris oner until the 30th of October, being accompanied by bis wife, who had been an eyewitness of the siege from the town. They Journeyed in General Price's private carriage and (Mrs. Mul ligan says) received "every possible courtesy from the general and his staff." They returned to St. Louis un- der abont thirty hours. During the night I ed to service in the Shenandoah val passed around the field, smoothed back the clotted hair and by the light of the moon shining through the trees recog nized here and there the countenances of my brave men who had fallen. Some were my favorites in the days gone past who had stood by me in those escort of forty men and a flag of truce. In Chicago and elsewhere Colo nel Mulligan was received with en thusiastlc honors. After his exchange Mulligan retain- ley. He fell at Winchester with three mortal wounds. Some of his officers attempted to carry him from the field, but be stopped them, saying, "Lay me down and save the flag." After obey ing his command they returned and carried him to the surgeon. CANADIANS SEE GROSSCUP TO THE PRESIDENT Cross Border to Join in Re ception at the Soo. IMMENSE CROWD ON HAND "Man Who Was Going to Annex Csn •da" Impresses Dominion Visitors With His Genial Smile and Hearty Handclasp—Review of Several Thou sand School Children One of the Features of the Program. Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., Sept. 20 President Taft and party arrived in this city at 11:25 a. m. The president was immediately taken on a brief tour about the city. Early in the day big crowds from Canada and Northern Michigan began to gather here to wel come President Taft. The weather was all that could be desired and the city was decorated in gala attire for the occasion. Such a crowd had never been seen In the Soo before and many had come by the special trains from great dis tances. A noticeable element in the assem bly was the great number of Cana dians who had crossed from the other side of the St. Marys river to see, as many of them humorously put it, "the man who was going to annex Canada." He produced a profound impression on them with his genial smile and hearty handshake as he said: "A gentleman from Canada? Glad to meet you, sir." The day's program included a brief tour ol the city by the president and a review of 2,500 school children in the government park, after which the president made a brief visit at the home of Governor Osborn. Elaborate plans were made for the luncheon at the armory tendered the chief executive shortly after noon by 500 residents of the city. Following the principal address of the day the entertainment committee arranged for a review of the troops at Fort Brady and an inspection of the locks. The president has accepted an in vitation of Chancellor Frank Strong of the University of Kansas to address the Y. M. C. A. of the university Sun day. ON CHARGE OF MONOPOLY Shoe Machinery Trust Indicted by Federal Grand Jury. Boston, Sept. 20.—An indictment has been returned against the officers of the United Shoe Machinery company and a second indictment was found against the company itself by the United States grand jury. The de fendants are charged with conducting business in restraint of trade. The individuals indicted are Presi dent Sidney W. Winslow, Edward P. Hard, George W. Brown, James Storrow, William Barbour and Elmer P. Howe, directors. Both indictments charge the de fendants with working through the instrumentality of the United Shoe Machinery company in a way to make them as individuals criminally liabie under the Sherman act. The indictments recite the story uf the oppressive uniform lease pro visions, requiring shoe manufacturers to patronize the United company ex clusively upon pain of having all their leases cancelled and all the United machinery removed from their fac tories. It is further charged that this pro cess drove other shoe machinery man ufacturers out of business and ef fectually put all shoe manufacturers at the mercy of the United company. One indictment making no mention of patents, charges that this whole transaction was monopolizing of the traile in shoe machinery and a con spiracy to monopolize the same. SUES THE POWDER TRUST Illinois Concern Asks Damages of Five Millions. Trenton, N. J., Sept. 20.—The Buck eye Powder company, which formerly manufacture:! pewder at Peoria, 111., has brought suit in the United States circuit court here for $5,000,000 dam ages against the E. I. Du Pont de Ne mours Powder company and a number of its subsidiary concerns, which are familiarly referred to as the "powder trust." The Buckeye company claims that Its business has been injured by the practices of the so called powder trust and places its actual damages at $1, 119,957 and also aeks for $500,000 pnnitive damages. Then again it asks that these damages be multiplied by three, as authorized under the Sher man act. Chicago Saloon Dynamited. Chicago, Sept. 20.—The explosion uf a dynamite bomb in the rear of Fred W. Bruder'g hotel and saloon partially wrecked the interior and blew Robert Kennedy, a bartender, through an open window. The residents in the neighborhood say that Bruder had in curred the «nmity of saloon keepers who boast ot •olioe proteotion and as result his place was dynamited. LEAVE BENCH Well Known Jurist Will Re tire Next Month. DESIRES MORE FREEDOM Greater Latitude Not Only as an In dividual but as a Citizen Given as the Reason for His Resignation. Will Re-Enter the Practice of Law, as He Considers an Idle Life an Unhappy One. Chicago, Sept. 20.—After serving nineteen years as a member of the federal judiciary in the Northern dis trict of Illinois. Peter S. Grosscup, judge of the United States circuit court and a member of the United States circuit court of appeals, has announced his intention of retiring to private life the first week in October. He will send his resignation to Presi dent Taft shortly after the meeting of the United States court of appeals, Oct.. 3. Judge Grosscup is fifty-nine years of age. A desire to enjoy more freedom as a citizen and resume the practice of law are given as reasons for his de cision. Judge Grosscup in announcing his intention of retiring said: "The court of appeals meets Oct. 3. As soon as matters under advisement can be disposed of, probably the first week in October, I shall send by resig nation to the president. "Some ol my personal friends will be surprised that in a matter of such consequence to myself I did not coun sel with them. The explanation is that I have counseled with no one. With the exception of my immediate family and one other, I have spoken to no one on the subject, for I have felt that whatever counsel I might JUDGE GROSSCUP. get from friends, the decision In the end lay wholly with myself. "Under tne new act of congress my work after Jan. 1 would be exclusive ly appellate and that, unlike planting a garden and then watching it grow, le too much like merely weeding the garden. "The reason for my resignation a I all is that I wish more freedom, not only as an individual, but as a citizen. "The world politically is trying to oatch up with the world's radically changed economic conditions. The 'formative' period is approaching. Next year's presidential election will, I believe, be the last or.e on the old lines. A'id the settlement for the fu ture will come, not through the courts of law but through the court of public opinion. I wish no ollice, expect never again to hold office, but I wish greater freedom than the bench gives to do my part in this court of public opinion. I expect, of course, to ri-enter the practice of the law—an idle life would be an unhappy one—but to practice law in a not too strenuous way." SANBORN CASE IN OCTOBER Minnesota Rate Law Appeal to Come Up Shortly. Washington, gept. 20.—Many intri cate questions of interstate and intra state commerce promise to perplex the eupreme court of the United States during the first month of its approach ing session. More than twenty cases involving such problems have been advanced by the court for hearing as »oon after the opening of the term as possible. The question of the validity of the ••cent passenger laws in Minnesota and West Virginia will be fought out •hortly after the court convenes. The Minnesota case is an appeal from the widely discussed "Sanborn decision." The constitutionality of the lie Chord act of Kentucky, empowering the-railroad -commission to fix Intra state rates, also will be contested early. Killing Heat In Kentucky. Peducah, Ky., Sept. 20.—A tempera ture of 100 degrees and excessive hu midity caused one death and two heat proctr&tloBS here, J. T. Woo tan dying. Contemplating Matrimony? If so, let the Standard get out your wedding stationery. We carry a full line on hand all the time, and the duality of Oar Work Is Unexcelled. We'll get the engraved stationery for you, if you prefer it. The use of our wedding sta tionery Guarantees a Happy Married Life and that's really the principal reason why we want to do your work. PRICES? Always very reason able the cost is not worth considering. Dragging Roads With an Auto. The utilization of his auto mobile in dragging local high ways is an ingenious scheme of B. F. McMillan, a Wisconsin merchant and farmer. A King road drag ia attached to the rear of a five-passenger automobile. Excellent results have attended this practice of dragging, as a large amount of territory can be covered in a short time and at minimum expense by hitching the drag to the motor car. Where it is desired to cut deeper than ordinary, the drag is weight^ ed with reeks placed in an iron kettle which provides a stable ballast which cannot easily be shaken off. TW practical success of this expeditious device should at least invite a trial by auto owning farmers and others in whose locality the problem of road improvement is of special moment. Notice. A class in stenciling is being organized by Mrs. llarhmd L. Mossman, especially for girls in Uie school grades, who enjoy all forms of art work. A thorough knowledge of all materials and methods will be taught, with de coration of articles i'pr the home, or for Christinas gifts, iis the mothers may wish. The class lesson will be given Saturdays !'rom two Jto four o'clock, a term consisting of ten lessons. Those desiring to enter the class shoulrl .sec Mrs. Mossman. There Is niur fatai rh In this section of the country than a oilier disuses put together, and mill the last few yeair was supposed to bo uiru!abit-. For a ^reat many yearn doctors pronounced ila lot al disease and proscribed IOCJ I reim-die«, and by contantly failing to cure with local treatment, pronounced it in curable. Suit-nee has proven catarrh to be a constitutional disease und therefore requires constitutional treatment. Hull's Catarrh Cure, manufac tured by l-\ J. Cheney & Co.. .Toledo, Ohio, IF the only constitutional cure on the murket. It is taken internally In doses from lo drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly on the blood and mucous surfaces of the Hysiom. They ofl'er one hundred dollars for any case falls to cure. Send for circu lars and testimonials Address: P. J. rHKNEY «fc CO., Toledo. O. Sold by druggists 7."»c, Take Hair* Family lMUs for con stipatlon. Auction Bills Are you going to have an auction sale this fall If so, let the Standard print your sale bills. We are ex ceptionally well equip ped for this particular kind of work, and we can surely please you.