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By Captain GEORGE L.
U. S. V. The War Fifty Years Ago Fort Donelson, Tennessee, Bombarded and Captured. The Federal Fleet of Ironclads Beaten Off by the Guns of the Fort—The Confederates Sally Out of Their Works and Fight For a Road of Escape—A Brilliant Charge Led by General Lew Wallace and General C. F. Smith Compels Them to Return to the Fort—Division In the Confederate Councils—Two Commanders Abandon the Post. KILMER. Lite IGHT1NG at Fort Donelson. Tennessee, began fifty years years ago Feb. 13 with the at tack of the Federal warships upon the Confederate water batteries, had wrested It ended on the 15th with a brilliant charge by Federal infantry which de cided the day. The fort stood on high ground, some of it 100 feet aliove the river, and covered about 100 acres Upon each flank of the attacking ar my's approach there was a creek filled with backwater. Across the gap be tween the two streams General U. S. Grant deployed his force of over 27.000 men in three division. General J. A. McClernand held the right with one division. General Lew Wallace the cen ter and General C. F. Smith the loft. The Federal navy under Flag Olicer A. II. Foote was counted upon to re peat at Donelson its effective work at Fort Henry on the 0th. Four Ironclads were on hand, the Carondelet, St Louis (flagship), Louisville and Pitts burgh. The army got in position Lie fore the works on the 12th of Feb ruary, and on the 13th the Carondelet opened the bombardment from the safe berth of two and a half miles. Only one of the 200 shots fired damaged the fort. It was next to the Inst shot fired that day and entered an embrasure. disabling one gun and killing the Con federate chief of artillery. Captain Dixon. One shot pierced the Caronde let, but did but little damage. On the 14th the ships steamed up to within 400 yards, and the combatants on both sides were bent upon a test of guns and mettle. The onslaught by Foote's guns was terrific, and. the gunners in the water batteries of the fort began to desert their pieces. Then in an ln Btant all was changed. A solid shot tore through the pilot house of the St. Louis, killing the pilot and destroying the wheel. Flag Officer Foote was wounded by the side of the pilot. An other shot wounded the pilot of the Louisville and cut the tiller ropes. Ironclads Put Out of the Fight. Both injured ships dropped out of the fight, covered by the Carondelet and Pittsburgh. The Pittsburgh soon turned about, badly cut up, and the Carondelet faced the batteries alone for a time. The highest gun of the enemy's wa ter battery was in charge of a boy of IBAIi V. S. GRANT, TJ. S. A., FEDERAL OOMM ANDEU AT FORT DONELSON. the name of Frequa. War was fun to the lad, and when be saw the confu sion among the Federal ships he said to his mates, "See me take the tallest chimney." The chimney came down •nd with It the flag, and Frequa shout ed: "Come on! You are not at Fort Henry!" He landed a shot In a port hole of the Carondelet, and the entire fleet backed off out of range. The Confederates, Jubilant over the •uy repulse of the gunboats, sent a telegram to Richmond announcing a great victory, it was soon followed by one telling a different story, al though Grant retired to his blanket was danger that fhey would escape the trap he hoped to set for them. Gallant Charge to the Eoad. General Smith headed the attack to close the road which the Confederates from McClernand in their bold sortie Keai-hing the abatis in front of the Confederate works with his center brigade, he searched out a path through the entaglement. keep ing his cap on the poiut. of his uplifted sword in full view of the men. After passing the barrier he rode boldly up the ascent, followed by all who had lived through the terrible volleys which greeted his column from the fort and from the rifle pits in front- GENERAL G. 3. PILLOW, C. S. A., LEADER WHO ICSCAPED FROM THE DOOMED FORT, AND COLONEL N. B. FORREST, C. S. A WHO LED OUT 500 CAVALRY. He captured the outer lines of pits and held on in the face of a Confederate di vision which attempted to beat h: off. Under the cover of Smith's charge up to the fort Lew Wallace sent forward to the captured Charlotte road the demibrigade led by Colonel Morgan Smith. There were but two regiments In the column, the Eleventh Indiana, known as "Wallace's zouaves." and the Eighth Missouri. Both regiments had been trained as skirmishers. After ex plaining to the men the desperate na ture of the task Wallace told them to be governed by circumstances. His words were drowned by their cheers and cries of "Forward, forward!" As the skirmishers advanced up the slope the Confederates opened from a forest in front a terrible rifle fusillade. The zouaves and Missourians spread their line until it covered the whole battle front. Volleys were fired over their heads into the main line of battle. Knowing the field well, the Confed erates made a citadel of every tree and rock. Often antagonists took shelter behind the same object. Upon near lng the crest Wallace's men began fir lng steadily, and before the supports got well engaged the Confederates fell back to their intrenchments. Just then an order from Grant reached Wallace to suspend the attack but, believing he had the wedge well in, he ignored the order and pushed the skirmishers forward to the Charlotte road again, cutting off the way of escape. His men bivouacked within 150 rods of the enemy's gnus, lying on their arms ready for the expected counter assault. Inside the walls of Fort Donelson there was gloom the night of Feb. 15. The Confederates had been beaten in bat tle that day and were hemmed in on all sides. They had few boats plying the river flowing past the fort, and that night thinking he would have to jgree upon a mode of action. Floyd begin a long siege. Tbe troops bad no ^belter, and it was intensely cold. The •oldiers had recklessly thrown away' their overcoats and blankets, and it was risky to have fires within range of the guns of the fort Early on the IBtb Grant visited tbe wounded flag •fflcer on the St. Lo.uis and found that „the navy ha 1 been put out of the fight. Returning to his camp, he was met by the news that during his absence the Confederates had opened the bail on tknd by driving McClernand's line back -i from tbe raul of retreat, and ther# Grant's troops had closed the only road of escape on land. The chieftains. General J. B. Floyd, General G. .1. Pil low and General S. B. Buckner, met in council of war. Various accounts of the scene have been given. Colonel N B. Forrest, the noted cavalry leader, was present. Confederate Leaders Disagree. Colonel Forrest was full of fight. He would not surrender and told Floyd that he would cut a path through the Federal lines at any point Floyd would designate, form a line of cavalry around the place of exit and keep the Federal soldiers back until the escaping garrison had passed through. The council could not decided to give It up, turned the com mand over to Pillow and took his own brigade out b.v boats. Pillow went away, leaving Buckner to share the hopeless fate of the garrison. Forrest »aid that he would go out If it was Jnly to save one man. A creek with swampy borders extended from the river close to the fort along the front of Grant's lines on the flank. For rest told his men of this swamp and gave them their choice to ford It or stay and be taken prisoners In tbfc morDlng. About 500 of his Tenuessee *¥& f* troopers agreed to follow their leader wherever be went, and they escaped by riding through the swamp with the water reaching their saddle skirts. Unconditional Surrender Demanded. Grant intended to push the fight on the morning of the Hith and capture the fort by storm if It did not haul dowu the flag. It was in this spirit that, he received before daylight the Kith a letter from General Buckner. written after Floyd and Pillow had abandoned him to his fate. The letter asked for an armistice until 12'o'clock noon. Buckner had said at the coun cil of war before he wrote to Grant that the troops of the garrison in Don elson had no tight in them. Some were already helpless from the cold. Grant's reply to the note was just suited to the temper of tilings in Donelson. It was as follows: Headquarters Army tr. the Field. Camp Near Donelson. Feb 16, 1862. General S. Buckner, Confederate Army: Sir— Yours of this date proposing an ar mistice and appointment of commissioners to settle upon terms of capitulation is just received. No terms except an uncondi tional surrender can be accepted. 1 pro pose to move Immediately upon your works. I am, se'v't, ob't sir, very respectfully your U. S. GRANT, Brigadier General. Meanwhile Buckner had sent notice to his troops on the front line that he had made a proposition to the enemy to surrender the fort and asked them to notify the Federal troops in front In the Keview of lteviews compan order to stop further fighting. White flags appeared all along the rifle pits, but none on the fort Itself. To Grant's message he replied that he was com pelled b.v circumstances to accept the "ungenerous and uncliivalrous terms" proposed. On receiving this second let ter Grant mounted his borse and rode along the lines toward tbe little vil lage of Dover, where the Confederate headquarters were located. Firing had ceased on both sides, and on reaching the Confederate outposts in front of Dover Grant was not challenged. He continued on to the little two story, unpalnted tavern which has become historic as the scene of the famous surrender and was surprised to find that General Lew Wallace was already In consultation with bis old enemy, Buckner. Wrallace commanded the Federal troops nearest to Dover and had had his soldiers astir before the break of day, intending to charge the Confed erate breastworks as soon as it became light enough to maneuver. The regi ments were forming for the purpose when a bugle blast across the lines an nounced the approach of a flag of truce. The truce officer stated that Buckner had decided to surrender (be fort and garrison, numbering 12,000 to 15.000 men, and asked that there be no more firing. Wallace gave orders to bis bri gade commanders to advance and take -X' Lease of Common School Lands. Notice is hereby given that on March 20th, 1912, all of the un leasc'd common school land In Robert* County will be offered for lease at public auction be tween tho hours of 10 o'clock a. fm. and 5 o'clock p. m. at the court house in said county. Dated at Pierre, January 15th. 1912. P. P. BRINKER, Commissioner of School and Public Lands. (30-38) The Standard job department is the most complete and up-to date in this part of South Dako ta. We guarantee our work to give entire satisfaction. GIRL WANTED—Apply to Mrs. A. M. Knight. 24tf Nothing is Better than Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain Pills They Give Relief Without Bad After-Effect*. "It gives me great pleasure to offer a word of recommendation for Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain Pills, as there are thousands suffering unnecessarily from headache. I was afflicted intermittently for years with headache and after other remedies failed, I tried Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain Pills. For the past ten years I have carried them constantly with me, getting instant relief by using one or two on the approach of headache. They are also effective for neu ralgia, giving immediate relief." C. "vl. BROWN, Estherville, la. For Sale by All Druggists. 25 Doses, 25 Cents. MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind. if if If if it the Review of Reviews company GENERAL S. B. fiOCKNEIt, C. 8. A., OONFED ERATIi LEADER WHO BUTtltPNDERED. possession of the enemy's works and himself rode with the Confederate Buc-kuer's quarters. Wallace sent his name in to tbe Con federate chieftain, who recognized in blm an acquaintance and ordered lie sentinel to admit him. After a general handshake between the Federal and the Confederate leader and staff all sat down to a breakfast of corn bread and coffee. During the meal Grant ar rived and at ouce ontered into friendly conversation with Buckner. whom he had known at Wpsi Point and in the regular army before the war ii Shorts r? 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