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AFFAIRS AT WASHINGTON Matters Concerning- the: Law Makers and Events of Impor tance at the National Capital. Washington. 1). I'.. May 9.— Tlu- house postoffice apppropri atiou hill brought out some great big questions in relation to the re sponsibility of the government to the people, ailel 1 he discussion cov ered extremely broad principles extending all the way I'roin pro posals for good roads t.o the price that should be allowed mail messengers for their lunches. In reference to the. latter subject! of mail's existence, Represent ati ve Foelit. of Pennsylvania, resisted! allowing fifteen cents to railway mail clerks for lunches. The sylvanian remarked Ihat amount might ""go a long in the light lunch business. of South Dakota, made a speech upon postoffice matters that created much favorable, com ment, taking the position that some of the proposals in the bil, were meritorious and should nut be loa'ded upon au appropriation bill, but should stand upon their individual merits. He de-1 clare'd in favor of the parcels post upon rural routes as a general pro.posit.iion. He pointe'd out the defects in a number -ot the bills that were pending for a general parcel pc^.t and said that he believed .the best solution of fered for the proposition as a whole was tliait by Mr. Martin. compelling the railroad companie I Shackh ford hers. ellll tllUS way but men who worked as hard and faithfully as these men do" need ed something more substantial th'.-n could be bought for .so nig gardly a price. Representative Keui.ki.ll of Iowa in the course of a strong .speech, told Ills fellow members of the house that.while.this.country was devoting $220,000,000 annually to our army and navy "1o render certain the 'discomfiture ot any foe who may assail us' that it was reasonable for the govern ment to apply "one-tenth ol that sum to our country highways, to multiply he conveniences of our population." lie made a strong fight for government highways, especially rai routes. aid for aloiii? the ru- Representative Morse, of Wis consin, specialized on the propos ition for mutual bonding of all government employees under the ^supervision of the government, anc cite'cl recommendations made last year by a commission of congress of which Tawney of Minnesota, Smith, of Iowa, Senator Curtis, of Kansas and others were mem bers. He showed the great pro fits thai were made by private corporations, and pointed out why the government should take care of this branch of its alt airs in a manner similar to that in prac tice ija many foreign countries. Mr. Murdock of Kansas made a plea for the railway mail clerks. Mr. Martin of South Dakota went deeply into the entire sub ject of tlu he reviewed parcels post, in which few days the whole proposi- advertise brist-' sition as a vital question ling with facts and theories. He resisted any attempt as a subter fuge that would load the appro priation blil 'down with a great political pro-position of this de scription. He resisted the idea of the government taking over the exress companies. Mr. Burke, aJso deck t[ie cap i'f Missouri anil A Pretty Good Democrat. One the bright young men of Washington, who has foi- year. furm.shed the country newspaper with red-hot 'ileinocratic litera tiire is Clyde 11. Tavenner, and 11is valuable ser\ :ce to his party has been recognized, by the '. 1.'Ii!• crats of t! iie Fourteenth Illinois congi-'.'.si.i.,nal ITst rit-i. who have selected hi.m as their candidate for congress. The personal ele ment wlfti-h sometimes over shadow iiings po*i ieal. is strong ly favorable to -Mr. Tavenner. wai-m friends that his chances of who, notwithstanding his a republican district, lias so many warm friends that his chanes election are fairly good. Noisy Economy The miniature pruning knife with which the democratic ma jority in (lie house deLights to play is again found in the report of the legislative, executive a.lld judicial appropriation bill, loc alizing that a good way t.o make a large sized noise is by abolish ing salaried positions, the demo crats propose to ilrop the heads of 40li Washington office-holders in to the refuse bag. The bill abo! ishes the coinage mints at San Francisco, New Oi lcans a.n'd Car son and also the assay offices at Boise, Charlotte, l)e.adwod. Hel ena, Seattle and Salt Lake. The Court of Commerce also gets the axe and a specific reduction of ten per cent is made in the War Department. The total saving affected by skimping scmie of the most valuable work of the gov ernment is $2,608,01 f. This amount is a mere bagatelle to the vast sums squandered in playing polities in the house, through consuming months of time in the passage of tariff bills that even their authors know can never be come .laws aud the further great waste of millions created by in vestigations that have been abso lutely futile Farmer Senators Perhaps the fact that it is ap proaching election time has some thing to do with such declarations as those of Senator GaKlingor, who helped to plant a tree on the capitol grounds, remarking at the time: "I'm a fanner and tree planting is right in my line The greatest farmer in the senate is Mr. Martini' of New .Jersey, who used to make a speech every iu order that it might the fact that lie was a son of the soil. One day Mr. Mar tine came to grief when one of hi colleagues proved that he was a capitalist arid a great many other things that a farmer is not. How ever independent of whether they are fanners or not, Vice President Sherman, Senator Bacon and a lot more celebrities have been engag ing in the tree planting busines with a result that the coming gen eration will 'delight in reading.the inscriptions that will flank shade trees that are to come up and be it.ol lawn ^Halation That Is "Ahead to carrv- e.n the express business 1 under ihe control of the Inter- the newspapers, maga state Commerce Commission, whojzmes and periodicals, by compel shall have the same powers in mg the publications to publish reference t.o this cJ!a.?s of trap--j There was a generai! mix-up re garding the restrictions placed up on publishers, by which they were called upon by the house b:i!l to publish the names of the st' -k-1 1 0 1 l/UULISU III tr 1UMIIIV IJH* I called forth positive expn s- sions fronj. i-SKTn.X, UOBKKTS COI/NTY, S. ].. FRIDAY, MAY ef ^e Tunes" Some brand new legislation, strictly progressive, appears the postoffice bill as it has passed the house. Postmasters are no longer prevented from complain ing of their grievances to mem jbei-s of congress, the "gag" rule [having been '.limiriated. The bill attempted to "smoke out" some I of the interests suppo-se'd.to- stand to of their managing edi- arid steekhoklers who own than $-"r)0 worth of stock in Mr. Barn.liart. of Indiana and Mr the nairn portation as now exists in re la- tors, tion to transportation of freight mon. and passengers. the enterprise. 1 Allen, of Ohio for thesr fea are responsible tures in the postoffice bill, and it i.s also provided in the measure Itliat- all "paid reading matter ".ap holders an'd to label all reading Paring any pu blication ^miust that the complaining of govern matter, when it is paid for, as )e marked ad\^rtisement. "advertising." This phase of the I gence was shown by the govern bill the measure as ii pas.-i the house and it proposes a reduction even greater in sonic cases, than the house bill. It' provides free ores except lead an'd zinc. The general impression is that .Mr. Cummins has constructed his work along lilies that- be believes will re-es tablish what was known as the "unholy alliance," which, as will be remembered was a combina tion ol' progressive republicans and democrats that succeeded in passing tlie wool bill an'd other measures that were subsequently vetoed by President Tal'i. Cum mins' move marks the read' be ginning of the tariff fight in the seiia te. Everybody's Winning- It Now The refreshing thing about the presidential campaign is the con fident assurance which is always on tap at the different political hea-dqu-arters, and 110 matter whal the results are at any particular sta.ge of the game, a visitor at any one ot the half dozen cam paign educational establishments can be assured that the particu lar canddate being supported by the bureau is "sure to win." DECISION BY ELLIOTT Important Case Relative to In dians Recently Decided in Fed eral Court. Sioux Falls, May SI.—-In the federal court last week Ju'dge Kiliott handed 'down a decision of more than average interest. It was in the action of the Unitc'd States vs Thomas and John Maui and John Iron Hoy. The above mentioned defen dants are grandchildren of a,n Indian woman named Wakagewin This Indian woman U't't consider able property in the northern part of the state in Roberts coun ty. Something i^ke two yaers ago the Manis an'd .John Iron Boy brought an a-vtic.n to quiet Un title to this property. I11. .iu.!i. 1910. congress passed a: hill which had been introduced by Congress- man Burke which provided a means t.o probate estates of In dians, as prior to that time there was no established law. The action of the Manis and Iron Boy was heard by .Judge Carland and lie hold that as tne Burke bill lia.d been passed af ter the action had been, started that it had no effect 011 As stated above, before this law became effective the above action was brought and Judge OarlaniUdec'ided it without any regard to the new law. Prior to the decision of Judge Carland the federal judge of tlie Burke bill had become a law hat the action wais started the Burke vested the federal courts of all The defendants, the Manis and [Iron Boy, demurred on several grounds, principally that the es the case and he .ordered the quieting of the title iu favor of the plaintiffs in that action. The Burke bill provided that when a tract patent had been issued to an Indian, who afterwards 'died, the right of the heirs should lie determined by the 'department of Indian affairs. oari.anu tne tederaJ judge of the », district of Oregon had held that «u™m ^ors. th.s no matter how long before- the law was operative. This law di- it to the department of Indian af fairs. After the decision of Judge Carland had been certified to. the commissioner of Indian affairs, refused to recognize the decision ot Judge Carland and instructed the United States district attorney for South Dakota t.o pro ceed to have the Carland decree vacated upon the groun that the fedearal courts un der the Burke bill had no juris diction in the premises a.nd fur ther that the decree was renderd tliroug inadvertency and -mis take. Burke bill was unconstitutional. Judge Elliott in his decision this week sustained the demurrer of.the defendants upon the ground me Unholy Alliance Again. Mr. Mann, Mr. Ster- Senator Cummins has: introdue- case, and further holds that Car Ling and Mr. Madden of Illinois, ed in the Senate his bill for a land's decision in favor of the Mr. Anderson, of Minnesota, Mr. revision of the metal schedule. It Manis and Iron Boy is.binding on Lenroot of Wisconsin, Russc1!! an is in form of an amendment to [the government. 1 way tth uj/uu 1-liC Kl'-'Ulill nt does not show that due di.U- monit seeking a review of the ," ™, power in the matter and gave aH miles traveled (no limit.) for 1U. 1912—S l'ayes 1 iunit cle appearing :n the .lorgenson Prest wick.sheet..commonly, know 11 as tile newspaper with the odious nam... However, as the article does not refer to myself alone. I think it proper to state some facts but shall not resort to .such dirty and uncalled for insinua tions as are indulged in by the paper with the odious n.-yiiio. I will sign articles publish but the writer of the article referred to lias not the manhood to attach his signal lire. However, what everybody says is usually true, and everybody says that article was written by the same young man who brought seven cases in the last term of circuit court, all of which were dismiss*! by the Court without letting them go to the jury. This same young man is now running fo,r office 011 W sav COUnty ttbout 2i !1 1 t,K 1 An Open Letter Perhaps an apology is due for paying any attcuitoii to the arti tair nay wages that it is uMiali: rather than the take 111 the strength of his legal ability and past record as a lawyer. In t.hat connection the writer'd,id not ex plain that in the last term of court, three of the cases referred to were brought against Roberts county, and tlie expense incurred by Roberts county in 'defending these cases and in running court to try such cases amounted to more than the sheriff's fees for the blind pig cases in the la.st. ten years. The wniter of the article in the .Torgenson-Prestwick sheet with the odious name takes particular pains to be correct and explicit. He succeeds about- as jusua.l: in fact, he succeeds bet ter than usual. He states "this bill increases generally Ihe sher iff's mileage fee from 10 cents to 20 cents for the first -0 miles traveled". This has been fully explained in my last article and needs nu further comment. lie also sn.vs "this bill increas- the sheriff's mileage fee from cents to 20 cents per mile for all miles traveled (no limit) for summoning jurors when requir ed by law". But this unnamed writer was careful to forget to call attention to the fact that under the new law jur ors are now summoned by the clerk of courts. for which the clerk receives a fee of l- cents for each juror sumimoti ed an'd further that said jurors are now served by mail and that each juryman i.s required 1o mail t.o the clerk of courts his accep tance of this service five days lie fore the term of court, and if lie does not accept service, then the sheriff shall summon such juror and receive for his ser vices the sum of 20 cents per mile, which is required to be pai'd by the individual juror who re fused to accept service, as re quired Jiv law. It is very seldom that there is any occasion for tin 1 tht* also says "this bill increases sheriff's mileage fee from In Cf nts to 20 P«'1- m:ib- for summoning jurors under order of court." Again, this unnamed wri ter forgot to explain that jurors summoned under order of court are usually summoned either fn the court reiom or denvn town. from people found in th city. and the mileage fee is usually froim two to five miles and sel dom more than ten miles and the sheriff's fee for this ser vice, under the new law, is th." terrible sum of 40 cents. in justice court- in all criminal cases, whereas,.under/the.olid law: he could draw such per diem onl\ in felony cases" also "he can draw if in assault and battery and similar petty cases for a few moments appearance be. Ore the justice." Tlie unnamed writer may not know, but all lawyers do know that attendance in justice court is police work, not intended for the sher iff's office, and that where the sheriff is called, it is only just that he should have Novniber 113, 100!), and I im mediately set out to serve thoni. At that time a.severe blizzard was 011 and Ihe trains were blockeil and I did not reach White R.ock until .November 10th. in White Rock 1 searched four places where liquors were supposed to be illegally sol'd, seized liquors arrested three men and brought them back to Sisseton. .My bill, .$!!.lii, included my own IVcs for travel and services, my assistant or deputy for travel and services, my fees for making searches an'd issuing all papers, and the expense of transporting three prisoners from White R.ock to Ssiseton by wa.v of Ortofiivi.lle and Milbank, and the expense of bringing li quor sieze'd. 1 was engaged five days and three nights continuously in this service. After paying all the expenses and disbursements and settling with my assitant or deputy, there remained of this sum less than $.'i(),00 as my com pensation for five days and three n,ghts services. I might mention that, as a result of this trip, Roberts county received fines in the sum of ^loO'-O It is safe to say that neither the unnamed wri ter nor the editor of the paper ith the odious name ever did or ever will render a like erviec to Roberts county for less money. Again, this unnamed writer re fers to the sheriff's fees in the Bailly case as an illustration of the fees under the old and new law. O11 this trip the actual mileage traveled was :~i,410 miles. I'nder the old law, at 10 cents per mile, this.amounts to $041.(50 under the new law. so eon'demned by the paper with the odious name, the fee of the sheriff would have been for the first 1" miles and return $(5.00 for tin balance of this trip. W(J miles at 7 cents per mile, .*K77.02, to tal $383.02. or a net saving to the county by the new law of $158.f8. I might also the case of State vs. Mike Mead where I recently had occasion to go to Montana after Mike Mead. In this case the travel was ap proximately 1.800 Print NO. 4(». th for ll's time also he smaller cases makt felony cases hat new he ime in ju.M ice court. In telony cases the defendant al most always waives exsnninat io-n in the little cases the defendant usually lights. Iu this connec linn I call att.-iition 10 miles. Under the new law the sheriff's fees would amount to $129.90. under the old law to $180.00, making a saving by die new law of $50. 10. With rel'errin-c to my fees in the Bail!.- ase. the unnamed lie. plain to he voters that this bill He also says "this bill in creases sheriff's per diem feesleral held the bill correct, and by allowing him $4.00 per 'diem tbe bill was paid by tin- county comm'ssieiners on the opinion «f the attorne-y general. for fees in the Bailly case was in ferred to the attorney general ef tli's st.. 1 e. and tin- atten-ney gen- The plain fact is that, under the sheriff, on a long thousand miles or slate senator tlie last misdemeanor ease, thai ol' State vs. I r. I-r'eseh. tried March lDtli and 2ihh ol this year, which case occupied the time of the court the greater part of two days. Ex cept in eases like thai one, never charge more than +2.1)0 for attendance in justice court. Again, the unnamed writer in the newspaper with the odious name has taiken particular pains to hunt up the only sheriff's hill I ever presented, which on its face looks unreasonable that in the case ot State vs. Carl Vedin arid two others at White Rock. These war rants were handed me for service 011 polit ieal capital out. of this aw is not only unjust and utilair, but is silly. Vet, it is Respectful] v, JOHN' 'S. SWAN SOX. Sisseton. S. I)., Mav 7, .1912. HUDSON IDENTIFIED Slayer of Sheriff Moody, of Rich land County, N. D., was For mer Inmate of Asylum. After a good deal of corres pondence, Sheriff Robbins has reliable information as to the identity of Bert Hudson, slayer of Sheriff Moody. Early, liist month S. W. Wil son, a deputy sheriff of Adams county, Nebraska, wrote Sheriff Robbu for a photo graph .of. A Bad Outfit. During the past year the Standard has been inserting oc casional free notices for an insti tutiein known as the Philadelphia meritieu School for Nurses, which claims to represent the Order of the In ternational Red Cross. That Red Cross business is what hooke'd us on the "free" proposition. The institution in question ad vertises "Free Scholarships for Nurses" anel offers many other inducements to young wonnen to enter. We are just in receipt of a letter from Dr. W. S. Iligbec, president of the Pennsylvania State Board of Examiners for writer suggests a question as, to whether 1 was entitled to these' Registration Nurses in which fees. however, forgot to the Nu things: of the matter old law. the trip of one more, received an excessive fee, while on a short Lrip which was relatively much more expensive, lie received too little. The new law undertook to remedy tbjs unfairness, and the fact that it did so remedy it is best evidence by the fact, that it passed the state sen ate bv a unanimous vote of all "SKS from all the in the lower as many voted II as those who The ,-iit.tempt, to count ies. and hat house scvei al time il, favor of he voted against it. Philadelphia School very ansaUsiactory rating, and says, among & 'tor.., v- 0/ rT AS': 110 men than can be expected from men of 1 he antecedents of those who are doing the writing for tin .lorgeiison-Prest wick sheet. In addition to the article re leiivd to in the last issue of the paper with the odious name, Mr. Prestwick 'devotes most of bis editorial space io the same sub ject. but I will not notice tins abuse which he heaps on me in an editorial way. I think the people still remember that this same Prestwick has twice been a candidate for tlu-office of coun ty superintendent- before the vot ers of this county and has twice been by the voters of this coun ty found unfit for the office. True, he olicc did hold the office by beating a woman out of it, a woman well qualified to hold the office, elected by the voters of Roberts county, and ousted so that this sa.me Prestwick could have a job. Abuse coming from such a. source i.s not worthy of notice. *5 Hud- sou, which was at once mailed to him. Wilson wrote back that he believed the man was a mem ber ot a family living at Doni phan in Hall county, tha.tst.ate, and since then Ihe photograph, has been pes-tively identified by the mother and sister of the 'dead (nan. Hi- !miI!. It seems, was in the insane asylum at Lincoln, Neb., stone three or four years ago. Ib- was released later and left home about two years a,go. Ilis mother. Mrs. Klmira Hudson, and a sister, Mrs. John Kerns, live at Doliphaii. A brother lives in Oregon and an uncle, Clark Hudson, lives at (leiieva. Wis. He has other relatives imar Hast ings, Neb. -Hankinsou (X. D.) News. other Tlie graduates of this school are not accepted by the American National Red Crass Society, .nor the nursing corps of the army and navy they are not admitted to the directory for nurses con nected with the College of Physi cla.ris, Philadelphia, nor are they recognized by the Pennsylvania State Board of Examiners for Registration of Nurses. In view of this informatioih, we should advise all ambitious young women who desire to take up the noble profession of nursing to steer clear of the Philadelphia School for Nurses. Have the Standard print it.