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The Sisseton weekly standard. (Sisseton, Roberts County, S.D.) 1892-1929, May 10, 1912, Image 7

Image and text provided by South Dakota State Historical Society – State Archives

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn99062049/1912-05-10/ed-1/seq-7/

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he War Fifty Years
troops and speedily occupied ii.v
General Fitz-John Porter, commander
at the Federal trenches, said:
i:' "About ."on the moruing of the
4th, upon explosions and tires in the
ji enemy's works being reported to me. I
Mp. directed the generals of the trendies,
gH, General Jamison and Colonel Mc-
Quade of the Fourteenth New York, to
jiill ftosb forward force into the works
Tread en Hidden Torpedoes.
Kt The comiuands designated to enter
"fr? the town pushed forward rapidly. The
one on the left was 11 red upon. Those
". on the right experienced some losses
from shells planted in the ground.
which exploded when trod upon. Many
of these shells were concealed in the
Streets and houses of the town and ar
ranged to explode by treading on the
caps or pulling a wire attached to the
"Some injuries were inflicted and
several lives were lost before our men
learned to detect the hidden danger and
avoid it One of my military telegra
phers, a young Oliioan named Lnlhrop,
entered the town with the skirmishers
and hurried to the telegraph office to
test the circuit. The wires had been
cut and left dangling from a pole,
Lathrop sprang to the foot of the pole,
intending to climb and make a splice,
but landed upon a buried torpedo and
was so badly injured by the explosion
which followed that lie died in a few
hours. The incidents connected with
i-,, our advance were duly communicated
to Geueral McCiellan. and in a dis
patch to Secretary Stanton, sent the
evening after our occupation of the
stronghold, the general referred to the
subterra shelis, denouncing the prac
tlce severely. Ilis dispatch quickly
reached the headquarters of the Con
federate army through the medium of
the New York press, and au animated
correspondence resulted."
lorktown. Va., Suddenly Abando ed by Its Confcdrr
ate Garrrsan—Federal Troops Discover the F!ihi
[and Rush Into the Empty Forts Hidden Torpedo25
Encountered In the Streets The Confederate Gov
ernment Puts an Official Sanction Upon the Use of
Infernal Machines—Federal Csvalry Dashes Through
Yorktown In Hot Pursuit of the Retreating Army—A
Second Line of Fortifications Checks Their Advance.
Captain GEORGE I.. KILMER. Lite
U. S. V.
URING the nights of May 3 and
4, ISO-, tlie Confederate forti
fications at Yorktown were
quietly evacuated by the gar­
soldiers. The garrison nar­
escaped faciug a heavy bom-
Jtjitdiiient. Powerful batteries inumit
•lllg 100 a'id even 200 pounder rilled
Ctnnon, and-tliirteen inch mortars were
^established, and it was intended to
them all simultaneously upon the
^•Demy's works. Although the Federals
possession without tightin.tr. their
«ntranre to the abandoned forts was
attended with stirring personal adven
Such infernal devices as subter-
mines or shells were first used and
encountered by warring troops at York
Describing the first steps of the ad
of the front line into the town.
a 1
Copyright by the Patriot Publishing company.
The author of the innovation, Gen
eral Rains, C. S. A., was called to ac
count by his corps commander, General
Longstreet, who directed him to cease
the practice of putting out torpedoes
and shells on the retreat. Rains de
fended his conduct iu the Yorktown
affair and appealed to the war depart
ment over the head of Longstreet. The
commander of the southern army, Gen
eral Joseph E. Johnstou, then took the
matter up, using MeClellan's dispatch
and the facts reported at the time of
the advance. The case was taken to
the Confederate secretary of war.
Torpedoes Declared Legitimate
MeClellan's dl^patcli was printed in
the New York papers of May 6, 1802,
two days after the evacuation of York
[Extract From General MeClellan's Re
The rebels have been guilty of the most
murderous and barbarous conduct In
placing torpedous within the abandoned
works near wells and springs and near
flagstaff!!, magazines and telegraph of
fices, In carpetbags, barrels of flour, eta
We have not lost many men In this man
'ij make the pris­
oners .*e .. ..ci.i et il.c-ir own peril.
A!! Hi.- crs in hc» case were sent
to (.!. \V !:j i.lt:'iili. the Confederate
secretary i. who indorsed thereon
the rii.es roved. adopted at Rich
mond. rw.vr.i: e:u the following:
"V-'l.c !.(• planted ill roads or
parapits ,::e eiitrary to the usages of
war :e i: upon (hi' purpose with
Which ihe" used
"It N r.'.-i mliMNsihlc (iviliwij \v jr
fniv In .ko lift- \vi:h no othrr object
than Uio !os:n:tinn »»f llfo: home it is
Hia( niissiS»u* 10 shm-l soniim'is nud
l-crjiusc iicMunu is nttaitu'il
I .ii Uiv !csiru" inn nf lifo would
be admissible, however, to shoot
if *S
h% b, f...
genera!, he- ruse you not only take life.
but deprive an army of its head.
"It is admissible to plant shells in a
parapet to repel an assault or in a road
to check pursuit, because the object Is
to save the work in one case and the
army in the other.
"it is not admissible to plant shells
merely to destroy life and without oth
er design than that of depriving your
enemy of a few men without material
ly injuring him.
"It is admissible to plant torpedoes
In a river or harbor, because they driv
o£T blockading or attacking Meets'
Confederates Expected a E^sh.
"The truth is that the tcipedoe* at
Yorktown were planted by ti.e Con fed
erates a night or two before thc\
four or Ave killed and perhaps
tb:ui tlle
"The Confederates had every reason
to expect a rush by us. for a day or
two before the evacuation notice was
{tent tn me that there was considerable
niMveiuent going on within the York
I town lines. and 1 ascended in Prcfe«-'ir
Lowe's bailcou fcr a liirdseve view of
their works. Pome troops were then
inarching out Yorktown. but they
soon turned and marched back, evi
dently to give me tlie impression that
Jhe garrison was being re enforced.
I'lieir artillerymen set up a sudden ac
tivity in lirii.g, and the shells si ruck
among the men holding the ropes of
my balloon. At one time I thought the
'ropes would be cut or the men holding
jtliem knocked over and that I would be
carried into Ihe enemy's lines. How
ever. I descended safely, reported what
I had seen and made preparations for
I pursuit, which was begun before day
light the morning of the 4tli."
1 It should be noted that the army tial
loon was in constant use throughout
I the siege of Yorktown. Genera! Porter
I ascended often, as did his engineer olli
cers. Bombarding it was daily
amusement for the Confederates
Once when Porier and Lowe were up
a Confederate shell passed through the
cordage supporting the car anil struck
the ground near where General Mc
iClcllan was standing. Another shell, a
sixty-four pounder, landed in a tent
where two soldiers were lying, hut for
Innately did not explode. One day the
aged General Ileintzelman ascended
«»d height niul loss
to IIOO feet was safe from shots
Battle at Williamsburg.
Pursuit of the retreating Confeder
ates was quick and rapid. Genera!
Stoneman's cavalry galloped through
the abandoned works and on toward
Richmond. Six miles from Yorktown
they were skirmishing with General
Stuart's Virginia troopers at noonday
These they drove back to a line of re
doubts which halted them at -I in
Here at Williamsburg the onfederates
had a second line of fortifications
stretching across the peninsula. In
the center stood Fort Magruder at the
junction of the roads from Yorktown
Two brigades of General Magruder's
division were in the works. Stuart
sent word forward to General Long
street. who Mad passed through the
town, that the Federals were crowding
things. longstreet marched back with
his own and General I. II. Hill's di
vision. Stoncman also sent word back
I to the infantry summoning General lv
V. Sumner with General \Y. F. Smith's
division. He arrived just at dark.
Farlv on the morning of the oth Gen
eral Joe Hooker's Federal division ar
rived and with great impetuosity at
tacked Fort Magruder.
Longstreet. with his own division
I and that of II. II. Hill, defend.this
point from early morning until noon.
infiieting heavy loss upon Hooker's
'column. Hooker called for help, but
none could be sent liim because Sum
tier, the chief in command, had begun
a new line of attack which would inn.
file Confederate left, if it succeeded
'Oil this Hank the old Confederate re
doubts were unoccupied. Sumner or
dered the brigade of General V»\ S.
Hancock to occupy two of these Han
cock did so and attempted to advance
still farther, but was checked by iroups
sent over from General ^mgst icet's
Seeing (lie danger ii
flank if Hancock ren.aine
he had seized. Genera!
brought forward fm rcgiiii'-nts
the works." continued Oeacrr.i s"rr
Copyright by the Patriot Publishing cotnj-any
in a review of the inc itlen "find they
were put there with ihe evhlent inten
tiou of checking a rusli tjv ray soldiers
Tliis is shewn ly I lie fact tlint some of
I ray soldiers liad advanced a day or twn
before the evucuaiion nearer to York
ijroiiiid where the tor
pedoes were etiouutereU on the 41li.
and they found none. They were
placed on reads and near roads an
other most accessible places for our
men to advance where they would do
harm in case of a rush upon the re
treating Confederates. There was a
stick attached to each torpedo, which
protruded above the ground to show
the Confederates where they were, so
they could avoid danger from them.
rid (re
r.ttempted to eak t'trough
line. Slowly retiring his front line
Hancock drew his cue my into a trap
and then opened a murderous fire of
musketry which staggered the Con
federates. Their lender feil. and Han
cock rushed his whole brigade forward
on a charge This was decisive, and
the Confederates gave way.
Meanwhile Honker had just held hi'
own on the Federal left. lie-enforce
raents had come to him from Ye!'!:
town, but Fort Magruder still blocker
his progress when night put an end to
the combat. Next morning the Cmi
federates were miles uws.r from Wil
liamsburg. having left 400 wounded be
hind tlieiu in their hasty re!rent. The
Federal loss wa.s over 2,000 and fell
chiefly upon Hooker's column. The
Confederates lost about 1,200.
School Report.
port oi' Dist. No. (. .Minne
sota towiisliiji.
•No. of pupils elU'Oile'd. l!l.
Average dally atttcminnvf IS.
I'111 1 neither ali.se.nt nor t-arily
Kstlic!' anil llarolU .Mtmsicn. Xil
da Christian. Martin AVroi.stjiil.
S.'lma. Lu hviek ami Andrew 11am.
tnei-. 11 i-i,xi .i ii i- Kohsu.m. Amy.
Kenny and Chester Leon.
•Jl'LlA THOMPSON. Teacher.
Warrant Call.
All wararnts of Easter town
ship. up to and including No. 375
are hereby called for payment.
Interest ceases on this date. Pay
able at the Citizens National Hank
Sissetoii, S. D.
Mjiv 1, 1912.
—Casper Mellenhoi'f,
47 Treasurer.
Address: Route 1, Peever, S.
There is more Catarrnh in tJtis
section of the country tluui all
other diseases put together, and
until the last few years wa.s .sup
posed to be incurable. For a
{ire.it many doctors pronounced
a local disease and prescribed lo
cal remedies, and constantly fail
ing to cure with local tI'eatuiejit,
pronounced it incurable. Se.ieUce
proves Catarrh to be a constitu
tional di.sea.se, and therefore re
quieers constitutional treatment.
Hall's Catarrh Cure, iua.nufa.cttir
ed by F. -I. Cheney & Co., Tole'do
Ohio, is the only Const it tit ioaial
cure on the market. It is taken,
iiiteniitliy in doses form 1(1 drops
tca.spoonful. It acts direct ly
on, tin' b.loo'd and mwous sur
faces of t.lie system. They of
fer otic hundred dollars for
ease it fails to cure. Send
c-ircula-r.s and testinioaiials.
Address: F. ,1. Cheelley &
Toledo. Ohio.
Sol'd by J)ru»rjfLsts, 7.V.
Take Hall' Family I'ills
const i.pat ion.
The Sisseton Mill & Light Co..
are selling the best patent flour
to consumers at the reguln
wholesale price ifl.40 a sack. .Vow
the time to lay
a supply.
Bottled Milk and Cream
1 •!-. IVI-red 10 *11 pa.'l I't lilt My.
•j. Milk—() cents
I Oil fts a quart
Oniers for tieliv«.i*y ay he U-lt
at Hrni ett vV Morrill's
A. J. Hanson, Prop.
Ladies' and Children's
Large Assortment of these Shoes
on hand, in both black and tan,
which we are closing out at
Greatly Reduced Prices
Should also like to call your at
tention to our GOLDEN WEST
William Glasicr, M. D.
Physician and Surgeon
GiTice No. 146
Alxml Ii.
(tV(f pposite Cojvt Housr'
Sisseion, South Dakota
Phone Number siliK
Warrant Call.
All waj rant.s issued liy BossJso
civil township, up to and includ
ing Resistere'(j No. 2-14. are here
by called for payment,.au'd inter
est ceases on t.h.i.s date. I'.aya.Me
at the Citizens National Hank at
Si.ssetoii. S. D.
Dated Miiv 1. T.1112.
—L.'lsse .Mai'kesetll,
48 Trca-surer.
Eggs for Settings.
Rhode Island Red Hggs for
:"fettings.ir» for 50 cents or 100
for sj^.OO. Three blocks west, of
the water tower. -18p.
G. A. McDonald, Sisseton, S. I).
Laundry work—Plume 2!)!t—
and we will have a man call for
your work.
Solicits your flour trade
Dakota Pride
Bran per ton
Shorts per ton
We Sell Hard and Soft Goal
Effington, S. D.
Residence No. 205
Calls Answered Night or Day.
Leave AH Orders at Maldaner's
I'.' t«-r S*0
General Dray and Transfer
Kumltu ro 111.
1 Pi»m Vi"virj: Specially
(!a idciiH IMowcd i.tu) Harrowed*
BEN ECK, Prop.
Phone NO- 91.
Pniftin* All Courts
OHicc in HolMirts County Courthouse
Attorney-at- Law
ORhrc over Klrai Nation il Hank
frank ft. McKtfm*k
Rtbarh Ct.
Thai I. PaNar
firaat Ca.
Aito.'DQ.vs :iod Countselorn at Law
Now is the time to buy your
genuine (!rimm' Alfalfa Seed, at
Schimller Urois. (45-48)
Light Co.
per sack

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