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By Captiin GEORGE L. KILMEIt. Late
U. S. V. W of the The only Clellan'a nearly York the tion The War fifty Years Ago Battle on the Bank of York River Two Federal Columns Start From Yorktown Toward Richmond. "Stonewall" Jackson Wins a Slight Victory at Mc Dowell, In the Shenandoah Valley -Confederates Hastily Evacuate Norfolk, Va., and the Ram Merri mac Is Destroyed by Her Own Crew- Spirited Naval Action on the Mississippi—Wooden Confederate Ships Sink One Federal Ironclad an Drive Another Ashore. HEN the Confederates sud denly evacuated Yorktown on May 4. 1802, the penin aula campaign of the Aruiy Potomac took on a new phase move made by the Confederate commander General J. E. Johnston surprised his own government and the southern people. It was expected of him that he would keep the Federal army at a safe distance from Rich mond. After abandoning his strong po sltlou on York river he could do so by opposing it In open field. Me- base was at Fortress Monroe, 100 miles from Richmond. The river bounds the peninsula on northwest and the James on the southeast. With either river open to Federal warships McClellan could get supplies by water as he advanced to ward Richmond. When the evacua- limits*!! ft Copyright by the Review of Reviews company. took pl: re It was expected iu., the rain w~" Merntuai wou.il make Federa navigation of those streams hanardoiis if not Impossible. Johnston had alioii 60,000 troops when he "ran away' from Yorktown. McClellan had about 80,000 in the field. There were more march of Richmond. 20.01XJ Confederates within a day's A general of Napoleonic boldness might have marched out of Yorktown and waited to get his enemy at a dis advantage near at hand should he pur sue too hastily and defeat him. In point of fact, McClellan believed that the evacuation was not a ruse of war. And he started on a vigorous pursuit by two routes. In doing so he violated one of the great maxims of generalship by dividing his army in the face of the enemy. Advance on Land and Water. One column pushed forward at the very heels of the Confederates and brought them to bay at Williamsburg, ten miles from the Yorktown lines While two divisions of McClellun'x army were battling there on May & four divisions were loaded upon steam transports to proceed up York river MM seize a landing place at West Point, near the month of the Pamun key river, a navigable tributary of the TOie tyipe had been within Confed •r^ t$5ritdry and i^,lilk even been w6pnnoiteNd by' tne Federals. A hllfldlng rainstorm raged all day on the :0th. ^e i^val commander refus ed to sail up the river to protect the transports "ttntfl tbe storm passed. Sany oa th* 6th the flotilla started uuQ (wehed West Point without mis- *t nightfall. The troops went 1 and wsre _j attacked on the i«nk river eeriy on the 7th. Having nwi to advance, the commander the expedition, General W. a held his ground and repulsed thi attack. The Confederates retreat- Two days later Franklin's column the troops which had fought at -, formed a Junction near Wfct frgtot. Bmwltod,the army pro ~'chmond without en -iu) op's' troops again nn •&*1!* OMfpdjirate capital Va. lactam wt W Marchn, 18Q8. Qader oeMnifeMam within leu miles of JacUsou's camp. I In the mountains, tpirty miles west, there were Federals led by Cieti eral W. H. Milroy ami General II. C. SchencU. On May 8 Jackson was on a bill uear McDowell with aliout 0.000 men. He planned to capture the road of retreat of the Federals, who were shut in by hills, with only one avenue of escape, the road north to Franklin. I The question for S. 'iein was how to get his force safely out of the presence of foes which outnumbered him. Jackson was believed to have 0,000 men at hand. Milroy wanted to await attack, but Schenck thought his best plan was to rake the initiative and strike at Jackson, then^qulckiy retire his force from the enemy's front. This plan was carried out. Milroy leading his brigade in a gallant manner up the face of the hill. The Confederates were sheltered by natural formation of the ground and by slight intrenchments. The battle which ensued was fought at close FEDERAL IRONCI.AD CINCINNATI, WHICH NARROWLY ESCAPED DESTRUCTION AT FORT PILLOW. quarters. Both sides were plucky and stubborn. After accomplishing his ob ject Milroy fell back to the main camp at McDowell. Early on the morning of the 0th the whole force marched away toward Franklin and was uot seriously molested by the Confederates The Ram Uerrimac Blown Up. While the siege of Yorktown by the Federal Army of the Potomac under General McClellan was in progress, in April, 1802, the Confederates main tained a force of 15,000 men at Nor folk. In the language of military men the movement of the Army of the Poto mac up the peninsula from Yorktown toward Richmond "turned" the Con federate position at Norfolk, and It had to be given up. On the night of May 9 the Confederates under General Benjamin Huger evacuated the place. The year before the Federal authorities had evacuated It, after destroying a part of the old United States navy yard and burning several warships at the docks. During their year of occupancy the Confederates had utilized the resources of the navy yard, It was here that the famous Ironclad ram Merrlmac was constructed. She was about to see her finish close at hand. Qeneral Huger burned the navy ^yard and all the ves sels lying there. The Merrlmac at the time was at anchor off Craney Island, about Ave miles distant.. She was practically blockaded by several Federal warships, including the Monitor, which lay in Hampton Roads close to the guns of Fortess Monroe. Attempts to lighten the ram so she could pass over the sand bar at the mouth of James river failed, and •he was In danger of defeat and cap ture, provided she triad to cut her way oat'past the Federal ships. Her com mander at this time, Captain Joslah Tatnall, wanted to make a dash for freedom, but he was overruled by his chief at Richmond. Just before day light .on the 11th the UMrch was applied to the magaslnee, and the pioneer iron dad warship in American waters was Mown into a shapeless wreck by her own people. Chttboat Battle Bear FortPillow. Whlle Farragufs fleet was fighting tts way up the Misslseippi river it New Orleans In April. lMfc. *he federal taacladi In the upper Mississippi were —cMcally blockaded .sbme distance above Vlcksborg. He Confederates 1 pcetWiiac tor trouble from the -s weB aa Iran the south. Btet was the farthest tooth which •4m the Federal ships on Ihe upper MIs- 1 sissippi could sail. At that point the (Confederates had eight wooden rams, Tl:e.v depended upon these ships to I keep the vessels of the Federal fleet at a safe distance above the fort. I)aiiy a Federal mortar bout was towed down the river within range of the fort to throw shells at it. One of the ironclads remained near by in or der to protect the mortar vessel. Do the 10th of May the mortar boat reached her position at 5 a. m. The ironclad Cincinnati was close by. At tja. in. eight Confederate rams steamed at full speed up the river to capture the mortar boat. This was de fended for a time with great spirit by the crew, who fired the mortar eleven times. Danger was signaled to other Iron clads up the river, and the Carondelec started immediately to support the Cincinnati, the ironclads Mound City. Pittsburg and Benton following. The Confederate rams were led by the General Bragg. She in fide for the Cin cinnati and was fired upon by both the Carondelet and Mound City before she could strike. When she struck she knocked a great hole in the shell room below the water line. The Rams Spread Havoc. At this time the Cincinnati started to retreat then the ram General Price struck her again, and finally the Gen eral Sumter dealt her a blow which sent her ashore in a sinking condition. Meanwhile the Carondelet forged to the front and opened with bow and broadside guns upon the foremost rams. Three of those had already passed above her upstream. These opened fire upon the ironclad, which she returned with her stern guns, put ting a shot into the General Sumter I just forward of the wheelhouse. The '%%JS Mound City,,which had como down the river with the Carondelet, had been badly rammed by the Van Dorn nnd sank in shoal water. The upper deck of the Carondelet was swept with grnpeshot and fragments of broken shell, but she stayed in the fight until the rams took shelter under the guns of Fort Pillow. The Federal ship cap tains claimed that they could have cap tured some of the rams, only they had no means of towing them out of uc tion. The steam power of the iron clads was out of proportion to their bulk and weight. Farragut Forging Ahead. On May 12 Farragut's warships cov ered the landing of 1,400 Federal troops at Baton Rouge, La., the capital of the state. This incident marked .the second stage of the opening of the Mississippi river. Farragut's orders, which also applied to General But ler's land troops, who were to co operate with the navy, looked to the capture of all the Confederate land defenses on the river and the ultimate occupation of Jackson, Miss., the state capital, lying east of Vlcksburg. The navy had halted below only long enough to destroy the Confederate fleet after pksslng the forts covering New Orleans. The last Confederate ship to go down was the Governor Moore, which was beached by Captain Kennon, her commander, six miles above the forts. The Moore fought successively five Federal vessels, four of which be longed to the leading division of the fighting squadron led by Captain Theo dore Bailey. Bailey's flagship, the Cayuga, came out of the flght carrying forty-two shot holes In her hull. With the Moore in flames and wrecked on the beach the last enemy afloat had been disposed of. In spite of the wounds of his ship, Bailey steamed on toward New Or leans at the head of his division and, after running past the rams, gunboats and batteries, captured the post at Chalmette. below the city, with a regi ment of soldiers and all the guns. Farragut accorded to Bailey the honor of demanding the surrender of New Orleans. It was refused. The fleet remained Ih front of the city until General Butler had landed a force of troops and proclaimed martial law. It then continued up the river, reaching Baton Rouge on the 12th. This point remained the northern limit of Federal land occupation along the river for many inonths, although the navy con tinued to make demonstrations ag»in«f the Confederate fortifications farther upstream. POLITICAL ANNOUNCEMENTS Notices Under This Heading- Are $10.00—Payable Strictly in Ad vance. For State Senator. I hereby announce that I am a candidate for the office of state senator from Roberts county, sub ject to the will of the voters, at the primary ejection to be held on the 4th day of June. 1912. A. II. DAIIL, Vernon, S. D. For State Senator. I hereby announce that 1 ajn a candidate for State 'Senator, subject to the decision of the republican voters at the primar ies to be held June 4, 1912. ANDREW MARVICK. For Representative I hereby announce my candi dacy for the nomination to the office of Representative from Roberw County, South Dakota, subject to the will of the repub lican voters at the primary elec tion to be held on the first Tues day in June 1912. Very Respectfully, H. M. PELLBAUM. For Representative. I hereby announce that I am a candidate for the office of repre keulative from Roberts county, snl jfot to the will ol the repub lie an voters at the primary elec tion to be held on the 4th day of June, 1912. ALFRED N-ELSON. Peever, S. D. For Representative. I hereby announce that I am a candidate for the office of repre sentative from Roberts county, subject to the will of the repub lican voters at the primary ejec tion to be hold on the 4th day of June. 1912. ANDREW PETERSON, Summit, S.D. For Commissioner, 1st District. I hereby announce that. 1 am a candidate for re-election to the office of County Commissioner for the 1st Commissioner district of Roberts county, subject to the will of the republican voters at the primary election to be held on the first Tuesday in June 1912. M. L. SATURN. For County Treasurer. I hereby announce myself as a republican candidate for the of fice of County Treasurer of Rob erts coufliy, subject 1o the will of the voters at tlid primary election to be held on the firarf. Tuesday in June, 1912. IV ER J. JOHNSON. For County Auditor. I hereby announce myself as a republican candidate for the office of Auditor of Roberts county, subject to the will of the legal voters at the primaries to be held in thecounty on the first Tuesday in June, 1912. be held of O. E. LIEN. For Clerk of Court. I hereby announce myself as a republican candidate for the of fice of Clerk of Court, of Rob erts county, .subject to the. will of the voters at the primary elec tion to be held on June 4, 1912. ARTHUR O. OLSiON. ifeii ftsIVir Clerk of Court. I hereby announce myself as a republican candidate for the of fice of Clerk of Court of Roberta eoontjy, subject to the will of voter* at the the primary election to on the first Tuesday in Jnne.1912. D. P. STEVENS. For Clerk of Courts I hereby announce myself as a, reuiblican candidate for the of fice of clerk of ooutrs of Roberta county, subject to the will of the voters at the primary election to be held on the first Tuesday in June, 1912. If elected I will per sonally attend to the duties of the office. Sincerely, A. L.CASEY,' Peever, S. I For Register of Dtfeds. I hereby announce myself as ft republican candidate for Reg ister Deeds ty, S. of Roberts coun D., subject to the will of voters at the primaries to be heM on Jane 4, 1918. 1, NELSON WILCOX. For State Representative. Baing a candidate for represen tative to the state legislature, I respectfully solicit the support of the republican voters of Roberts county at the coming June pri maries. W. E. RAYMOND Summiit, S. D. For Register of Deeds. I hereby announce myself aa a candidate for nomination for the office of Register of Deeds of Roberts County, subject the will of the republican vot ers at the primaries to be held on June 4th, 1912, and prom ise if nominated and elected to give the duties of the office my personal attention and to execute them to the best of my ability. Very Respectfully, PRANK W. MURRAY. For Register of Deeds. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for the office of Regis ter of Deeds of Roberts County, S. D., subject to the will of th republican voters at the prim aries to be,held on June 4,1912 J. O. SWENUMSON, Peever, S. D. For Sheriff. I desire to announce to the peo ple of our county that I am a candidate for the office of sher iff of Roberts County, subject to the will of the voters at the re publican primary election to be hel'd on the first Tuesday in Jun 1912. Respectfully. FRANK HICKS. For Sheriff. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for Sheriff of Roberts County on the Republican ticket, subject to the will of the legal voters at the primaries to be held on Tuesday, .June 4th, 1912. John S. Swanson who has been the efferent Sheriff of Roberts County for the past three years retires from office on Dec. 31st, 1912. I have served under him tai the capacity of Deputy Sheriff, so feel competent to manage the of fice, and should I be nominated and elected I will faitfully ful fill the duties of the office as they come to me in a buiisness like manner. Respectfully, ORVTLLE A. JOHNSON, White Rook S. For Sheriff, I hereby announce myself as a eaiididate for sheriff of Roberts County on the republican ticket, *ub$ecti to the will of the vot-' era at the primary election to be held on the first Tuesday in June. 1912. W. D. WILSON. For Sheriff. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for sheriff of Roberts eminty on the republican ticket, •abject to the will of the legal voters at the primaries to be held on the first Tuesday in June 1912. ERNEST A. NYBERG, Corona, S. D. The Standard job department is the most complete and up-to date in this part of South Dako ta. We guarantee our work to give entire satisfaction. Fos Sheriff. I hereby announce myself as a candidate for sheriff of Rob erte county on the republican tic Ket, subject l-o the will of the le gal voters at the primaries to iui! 1M2, J. L. MINDER V.r imct, S. u. For Coroner. I hereby announce myself as candidate for coroner of Roberts county on the republican ticket subject to the will of the legal voters at the primaries to be held iQi 9 Tuesday in June, 1912. Dr. l\ :I BROW.V For States Attorney. I hereby announce my candi dacy for the nomination to the of "ice of state's attorney of Rob erts county, South Dakota sub ject to the will of the republi can voters at the primary electioi to be held the first Tuesday in June, 1912. PRANK R. McKENNA. For Staiteg Attorney. To The Voters of Robert* County. I do hereby announce that I am a republican candidate for States Attorney, subject, to your approval at the June primary. stand allied with no political machine or clique, but wholly up on my own merits a ad the pri mary law. If nominated and elected, I will ijciisige the duties of the office impartially. Yours Respectfully, THOMAS MANI. For County Judge. I hereby announce myself as a republican candidate for the of fice of County Judge of Roberts county, South Dakota, subject to the will of the voters at the primary election to be held on the first Tuesday in June, 1912. Respectfully, HAL M. KNIGHT. For County Judge. I announce myself as a repub lican. candidate for the office of County Judge for Roberts Coun ty, subject to the wiU of the vot ers at ithe Primaries, to be held on the first Tuesdf .y in Jutfft 1912. J. W. BARRINGTON. For County Judge. To the people of Roberts County: I desire to amnounce that I atn a oamdidate for re "election to the office of County Judge, subject to tithe choice of the republican voters at the June, 1912, primary. B. J. TURNER. For Superintendent Of Schools. I hereby announce that I am a opndidate for re "election to the office of County Superintendent °c Schools of Roberts County, subject to'the wiill of the voter at the Republican Primary Elec tion to be held June 4th, 1912. hope for the suppotr of all those who believe that by my admini stration of the duties of this of fice during my persent term, I merit the customary second term. 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