The War Fifty Years Ag
Captain GEOR.GH L. KILMER,
U. S. V.
AFTER tin fc'nt of Montgom
ery's Confederate flotilla at
Memphis on tiie (itli of Juno,
1802, by tliu combined uaval
forces of Flag (Jlllier Davis and Colo
Del Ellet the Federal squadron an
chored ul. Memphis. Immediately
after tbe buttle l)avl» had formed the
project of sending ships up the Arkan
sas and White rivers to cut off the
Confederate gunlioiifs, which were
supposed to have taken refuge there,
among them the Van Dorn, the only
vessel of Montgomery's flotilla which
escaped destruction or capture on
June 0. There were two Confederate
gunboats In White river, the Maine
pas and the I'untcharfniin, which had
previously been In the Confederate flo
tllla at Island ,\'o. 10, the former uiider
Lieutenant Joseph Fry and the latter
under John W. Duniiinglon.
Oil June JO Davis received a telegram
from Washington urging hint to open
communications with a Federal col
umn under General S. It. Curl is, then
moving eastward through Arkansas for
the Mississippi shore. Davis accord-
Battle Between Federal Gunboats and Confederate
Land Batteries at St. Charles, Axk.---Fearful De
struction by a Confederate Shell—Crew of the Fed
eral Ironclad Mound City Nearly Annihilated by a
Well Aimed Shot—Federal Troops on Land Storm
and Carry the Confederate Works—First Attempt of
the Federals to Capture Chattanooga—The Town
Bombarded Confederates Evacuate Cumberland
Gap, One of the Passes to East Tennessee.
Copyright by iho Review of Reviews company.
Naval Guns on Land.
The expedition for the defense of tbe
bluff cousisted of the gunboats Pont
chartrain and Maurepas, wltb 100 men
on tbe ground and Colonel Allison Nel
son's Texas regiment on the way from
the Lone Star State to re-enforce nind
man where they could do the most
good. Thirty-five rifles were all the
weapons that could be scraped up for
the 100 men. The unarmed men were
set to work to obstruct the channel.
Captain Joseph Try of the Maurepas
was the Inspiring genius of the de
fense. Ho had served In the old Dnlt
«d States navy. Lieutenant J. W. Dun
nington was commander of the Pont
cbnrtrain. and Captain A. C. Williams
handled the land troops. Two thirty
two pounder rifles from the Pontcliar
train were placed in battery on the
bluffs to be worked by tbe crew of the
vessel. Down stream from Dunning
ton's battery Fry placed four guns
from his own ship, and still farther
down Williams stationed the thirty-flvc
riflemen as sharpshooters.
Just above the batteries tbe Confed
erates began a row of piles, hoping to
bring tbe attacking vessels to a stand
under the guns of the batteries. Tbe
sudden appearance of the Federal fleet
put an end to the work, but Fry scut
tled and sank the Maurepas, with two
transports, between the piles and the
bank on either side. Fry got news
of a formidable expedition coming up
the river, but every hour brought Nel
son's Texans nearer, and he decided to
wait and fight
Gunboats Begin to Shoot.
During the night of June 10 the Fed
eral ships anchored Just below the bat
teries. The fleet consisted of the Iron
clads Mount City and St Louis and
the wooden gunboats Conestoga and
Tyler. Colonel O. N. Fitch, whose reg
taunt, the Forty-sixth Indiana, was
on board, commanded the expedition,
and A. H. Kilty of the Mound City
was chief of the flotilla. Early on the
mmins of the
BteaijHMl ahead and tossed shell and
grape into the woods and bushes along
Fry's gun.-, dvpi silent until the
Mound Clly c.inie abreast of his lower
battery, the naval rifles from the Mau
repas. A broadside from these guns
drew the lire of all I he fleet upon the
batteries, anil af the same time Wil
liams' sharpslntulers were hunted out
Kiteh's skirmishers. Under cover of
the nunboai lire I'ili li pushed his men
up to the rear of the lower battery and,
after looking the ground over, signaled
to Kill.v thai lie would storm the place.
Kilty jtii-kly responded that the navy
would lake the contract alone.
Captain Kilty brought the Mound
City to directly in front of I'Yy's four
gun bat I cry and
for an hour. Meanwhile Dunnington
trained his guns upon the Mound City.
At that Kilty signaled the St. l.ouis
and her wooden consorts to steam up
close and engage the lower battery,
while the Mound City took care of the
upper one. Dunnington's guns proved
to he considerable distances apart.
THE FEDERAL IRONCLAD MOUND CITY, TARGET OF A RECORD
SHOT AT ST. CHARLES, ARK.
Ingly directed that the expedition Captain Kilty passed the first under a
should confine its operations to the Rood headway without silencing it, and
White river. Ascending that stream, his sbip was soon between the Are of
the fleet arrived on tbe evening of the two heavy guns in point blank range
16th in the neighborhood of St. Charles,
ninety miles from tbe mouth.
General T. C. Illndmau commanded
What remained of the Confederate
forces in Arkansas and, surmising that
the warships might take the notion to
Inspect the Interior of bis bailiwick had
ordered the troops and vessels in White
river to make a stand at tbe bluffs be
low St. Charles.
landed his men below the bluffs and
•tarched alonc the heights to
WilUams* sharpshooter At thTsuC
tlme tee fleet, led by the Mound oK
A Record Breaking Shot.
For an hour and a half the ships
fought the batteries. Fitch's men at
the same time crowded the riflemen
back upon the bluffs. Fry took alarm
at tbe unexpected boldness of Fitch's
men and sent word to Dunnington.
urging him to send to the rear of the
bluffs every man that could be spared
from the guns. It was the crisis of
the fight, and Nelson's Texans were
not yet on hand. Dunnington stayed
by the gun farthest up stream. Hav
ing au unobstructed range of the dar
ing ironclad, he took careful aim and
landed a shell near her bow that for
destructiveness stands unrivaled in the
history of gunnery during the war.
The missile crashed through the plat
ing of the Mound City on the port side,
killed eight men at the gun nearest
Its track and then passed through the
steam drum fore and aft. Volumes of
scalding steam poured through the gun
chambers, and in an Instant the proud
ironclad became a ship of anguish and
death. The slowly turning wheel kept
on revolving until the bow of the ves
a a d
erate guns. Dunnington saw that his
shot bad torn through the vitals of bis
antagonist and ceased firing.
Fltcb anxiously watched the progress
of the gunboat fight from his position
on the bluff. Seeing the Mound City
moving blindly inshore and sailors
Jumping headlong through the ports
and from the decks Into the water,
with clouds of steam belching from the
hatches, be concluded that Kilty and
the ironclad were out of the fight.
First signaling the St Louis, Conesto
ga and Tyler to cease firing, he rushed
his men upon the batteries.
Fierce Struggle on Shore.
Williams' Confederate riflemen were
seen to be firing upon the struggling
sailors In tbe water, and Fitch' told his
best marksmen to pay attention to
tbem while tbe main body dashed for
the guns of the four gun battery—Dun
nington's. Fry, rallying what men he
could call around him, made a final
stand behind Dunnington's 'guns, but
was soon shot down and captured.
Wben ordered to stop firing by Fitcb
the commander of tbe St Louis steam
ed up and hooked on to the Mound
City. She had been deserted by all her
ablebodled men. KUty was severely
scalded and lost sn arm shot away.
His crew of 178 was reduced to twen
ty-three lit for duty. In the casemate
where the shot took effect eighty-three
were killed by the enemy's fro or by
scalding steam. In the water twenty
five wounded sailors were picked up
and also the bodies of forty-two who
livl jumped from tin ship. Some
these last were stru. 1c by the bullets
of the Confederate shjrpshooters.
In spite of the disaster Captain Kil
ty's boldness won the day. The gal
lant attack by his ships upon the but
teries took the enemy by
they let slip the opportunity given
by Dunnington's clever shot. Colonel
Fitch's Indianians carried the entire
bluff within an hour, but Nelson's Tes
ans were already within sound of the
firing, and an hour's delay might have
defeated the Federals and ended In the
toss of all their ships.
The expedition continued up White
river unopposed until falling water put
an end to progress. Meanwhile Ueu
erai Curtis marched through to Helena,
on the Mississippi, without getting in
touch with the gunboat expedition.
Other Events of the Week.
On the 21st skirmishes took place on
the Federal outposts in the vicinity of
Battle Creek, near Chattanooga. Tenn.
General O. M. Mitchel was in com
mand there. Immediately after the
battle of Siiiloh, in April, Mitchel had
marched a division of General D. 0. I
of their lair by the shell ind small shot Buell's armv from middle Tennessee to Colonel Roosevelt.,
from the minima
and the bullets of Huntsville, Ala. In this regiou he held On the quastioi
ut for weeks, carrying on a vigorous
campaign against Chattanooga, an In
cident of which was the Andrews rail
road raid, which resulted in the execu
tion of several Ohio soldiers as spies.
Finally, on June 7, General ,1. S.
Negley, whose Federal brigade had ad
vanced to the north bank of the Ten
nessee river, bombarded Chattanooga
pounded it with shot across the river. There were 3,000 Con
federates in and around the town, and
the Confederate commander of the de
partment. General Kirbv Smith, was
on the ground, having arrived from
Knoxvilie that day. General Negley
reached the conclusion that he could
take Chattanooga, but could not bold
it because he had no bridges, boats oi
supplies for the hazardous campaign.
Negley retired Into east Tennessee
and Mitchel remained at Battle Creek,
twenty miles away, doubtful, as he re
ported, whether he could even hold on
there in the face of Confederates press
ing him on the front. General Smith
was equally cautious. He feared Mitch
el as much as Mitchel feared him.
However, he decided to bold Chatta-
by tho Review of Reviews company.
GENERAL L. STKVENSON, C. S. A., COM
MANDKIt OP THE DKTUNSRS AT OU
LAND (JAP, T1SNN.
uooga. Tbat stop cost tbe Federals a
year of cuuipuiguiiig for tlie possession
of this great key to uorthern Georgia.
The Struggle For East Tennessee.
At this time fifty years ago tbe Con
federates were established at Knox
vtlle aud controlled east Tennessee.
Tbat regiou was rieb in food sup
plies aud also iu stalwart young men.
"good food for powder." There were
many Inhabitants who adhered to tbe
Federal cause, and for tbat reason tbe
north wished to get possession. Moun
tain locked, tbe only available pass
for the Federals to enter was Cum
berland Gap. near the Kentucky bor
der, north of Knoxvtlle-
From tbe beginning the Confederates
bad held Cumberland Gap. It was
well fortified and, at tbe time General
Smith was anxiously looking to tbe
defense of east Tennessee, seemed im
pregnable if manned by a small force.
There were four Confederate brigades
there under General C. L. Stevenson.
Nevertheless General Smith ordered
the gap evacuated, so that more troops
could be sent to Chattanooga. Steven
son marched out of tbe works on June
17, and on June 18 General O. W. Mor
gan marched in at tbe head of four
Federal brigades, who had tolled over
the mountains expecting to light for
tbe possession of the stronghold.
OLD GUARD MEN
Progressives Get Places on
STRONG SUFFRAGE PLANK
Votes for Women Occupies a Con.
spicuous Place in the Roosevelt
Platform to Be Presented for Con
sideration of the Convention.
Chicago?, June lit.—Woman's suffrage
occupies a conspicuous place in the
Roosevelt, platform Lhat will be pre
sented for the consideration of the
convention. The platform comes out
strongly on the subjucl along the lines
declaration recently made by
astion of the tariff it is
recommended that revisions shall bs
preceded by careful inquiries conduct
ed by a nonpartisan commission.
An industrial commission to delve
into the question of the tariff with a
view to ascertaining the precise effect
of customs duties on the various
classes of the population is also pro
In addition, the Roosevelt platform
recommends the creation of a commis
sion to exercise the same sort of juris
diction over industrial corporations as
is exercised in the case of railroads by
the interstate commerce commission.
The document is strongly progres
sive in lone. In this respect it pre
sents a contrast to the platform draft
ed by lilihu Hoot, Nicholas Murray
Butler and Charles W. Fairbanks, in
behalf of the Taft forces.
Tbe Taft platform is progressive in
some degree, but its recommendations
are expressed in generalities. This
platform is said to ba entirely satis
factory to such regulars as Rill Barnes
of New York, and for that reason is
looked upon with suspicion by the pro
gressive followers of Roosevelt, La
Follette and Cummins.
Significant Action Taken.
The most significant action yet taken
by the. Hooseveli forces was recorded
at. a meet ins held after midnight when
the Illinois delegation adopted the rule
"that no action shall bo taken by the
convention in any matter pertaining
to the temporary organization that is
not approved by r40 nncontosted and
untainted delegates." The Roosevelt
leaders sanctioned the pronunciamentc
and will endeavor to enforce it.
The revolution in the national or
ganization has set in. and many not
able figures who have towered high in
the national oommittee have been laid
low by the axe of the progressives,
such men as Scott of West Virginia,
Mulvane of Kansas, who is succeeded
by William Allen White Murphy of
New Jersey, Rosewater of Nebraska,
Nagel of Missouri- and Vorys of Ohio
go off the national committee and are
succeeded -by Roosevelt men.
Senator Murray Crane, one of the
leading Taft nontenants, retains his
place as a member from Massachu
setts, but he had a time doing it.
Colonel New of Indiana is still an
other of the old guard who will not. be
on the new committae. Ha resigned.
Colonel Cecil Lyon of Texas, a red
hot Roosevelt man is among the fal
len. His scalp is one of the few cap
tured by the administration forces.
THINKS SENTIMENT SHIFTING
Ormsby McHarg Believes Roosevelt
Chicago, June J.9.—Ormsby McHarg
of New York city, who handled the
contests for R.oosavelt, declared lhat
the result of the light, on Root would
I not. ner.essarily forecast Taft's nomi
"It is almost impossible," he said,
"to deliver all tho delegates from th«
preferential primary states on every
proposition The result of the Hoot
vote is being given too great a sis
"The nomination by rights is ours.
We. have had all the lobbies since tho
adjournment of the national commit
tee. I believe the sentiment is shift
ing toward Roosevelt."
Mr. McHarg, however, was not near
ly as optimistic about the final results
as some of the other Roosevelt men
who have been making extreme claims
RESULT OF A CONFERENCE
Roosevelt Men Decide to Support Mc
Govern for Chairman.
Chicago, June 19.—Senator Borah
announced an hour before the conven
tion assembled that Qovernor McGov
ern of Wisconsin and not himself
would be the Roosevelt candidate for
temporary chairman. This decision
was reached at a conference Colonel
Roosevelt had with his leaders before
they left for the Coliseum.
The Wisconsin delegation at the
conclusion of a caucus that lasted
until 11:30 o'clock decided by a vote
of 15 to 11 that it could not preseul
a candidate tor temporary chairman.
As soon as the caucus adjourned a
rush was made for the convention
hall. Later it was announced that
Wisconsin would support Governor
MoQovern for temporary chairman.
In one year the aurora borealis was
seen one night as far south as Wilt
shire. The inhabitants of a certain
village assembled to witness the un
wonted spectacle. Many were the iu
quiries as to what it was when a wo
man exclaimed: "Do thee send for our
Jock. He's a schoiard. I'll be bound
he'll gie un a neame!" When Jock ar
rived he looked upward and said, "Oh,
it's only a phenomenon!" "There,"
said the delighted mother, "didn't I
tell 'ee be'd gie un a neame?"—Loo
don Notes and Queries.
Roman lamps were of many sizes,
but most of tbem very closely resem
bled what Is at present denominated a
sauce or gravy boat. At one end there
was a ring, through which the Anger
was passed wben the light Was carried.
The body of tbe vessel was filled with
oil, and at tbe other end there was a
small tube, through which a rag wick
was passed. Wben this was lighted
the smoke and odor df tbe rancid fat
employed were extremely offensive.
Many Roman poets mention the abom
inable effluvium sent out by tbe lamps
at the leasts.
Punishment For Poisoner*.
in ancient Rome poisoning was pun
ished by crucifixion, no matter what
the rank of the criminal, although this
penalty was usually reserved for slaves.
A Roman of respectable station, hav
ing been convicted of poisoning his
ward, was sentenced to be crucified,
but protested against the punishment
as unfit for a gentleman. Tbe emperor
thereupon ordered the cross to be
painted white and otherwise made
more presentable than those commonly
used. Whether the convict expressed
himself as better satisfied is not re
Rossini was one of the most indolent
men that ever lived, yet he wrote op
eras against time, as it were. "The
Barber of Seville," for instance, was
written and mounted in less than a
month, which fact gave rise to Doni
zetti's cogent witticism. Opon being
informed that Rossini had finished his
opera in thirteen days Donizetti re
plied: "It is very possible. He Is so
"Boy." said the man In No. 23 as the
page entered his room, "go over to No.
20 and find out if that lady is moaning
or singing. If she Is singing ask the
clerk to change my room if she's
moaning tell the clerk to send for a
No Use For Barbers.
Customer (In barber's chair)—So you
haven't heard Von Trumper, the world
famous pianist? Barber—No. Doze
bianlsts neffer batronlze me. an' so 1
neffer batronlze dem.—Exchange.
Not 80 Enjoyable.
Friend—Your wedding breakfast was
a delightful affair. Mr. Honeymoon
(with a sigh)—Yes, bat we're bad otit
Early and provident fear
mother ot safety.—Burke.
A band of Apache Indians who
have been La custody of tlie Uai
te'd States since 1894 are to be re
Leased from their semi-imprison
ment in Oklahoma and taken to
the Mescallero reservation in Nev,
Mexico, where they will be given
lands and restored to their rights.
PETITION FOR DISCHARGE
In the District Court of the Uni
ted States, District of South
Dakota, Northern Division.
Iu tbe matter of
Andrew Hendrtckson. of Ortley in
county of Uoborta. and State of South'oSkiwS
in said district, respectfully represents
states that on the lGth day of March
wasduly adjudged bankrupt under iheaolS
ot Congress relating to bankruptcy that hs
has duly surrendered all his proper", .JS
and has fully VomViart
with alt acts and with all the requirements
has rully compiled
orders ot the court
said acts and with the orders of the
touching Ufa bankruptcy.
Wherefore he prays that
by the court to have a full discharge from all
debts against his estate, under tne i.aniZ,-.1banltnmi
prayifthiii, he may be decreed
court to have a full discharge from all
estate, under the
act. except such debts as are excepted ft
Dated this 18th day of May. A. u»r»
Aadersou & Waddel, '"^nkiupt,
Attorneys for Bankrupt.
Webster. S. D.
Order of Notice Thereon,
District of South Dakota—ss:
is 27tb day of May. A. D. l»12. on read
ing the foregoing petition, it is ordered lis
the court, that a bearing be liud upon the
same on the 5th day of August A. D. 1912 be
fore said court, at Sioux Falls, in said district
at ten o'clock in the forenoon and lhat notice
thereof be published twice In The Sisseton
Standard, :i newspaper printed at Sisseton
in said district, md that all known creditors
hlul other persons in interest may appear at
the suid time and place :ind show cause, It
any they have, why the prayer of the said
petitioner should nit be granted.
Atld it is further oidered by the court that
the clerk shall, upon payment by the bauk
rupt, or bis attorney, of the actual expense
thereof, send by mail to all known cred
itors copies of said petition and tlik order, ad
dressed to them at their places of residence
Witness the Honorable James D. F.iliotl,
judfie ot the said court, and the seal thereof,
at Sioux falls, in said district, on tlie 27th
day of May, A. D. 11)12.
1 have a Buffalo Pitts Outfit For
Sale. 25-Jiorse engine with heavy
gear, 38 58 steel frame separator,
2 tanks and one main belt—in fact,
complete in every respect. The rig
is as good as new, having been run
only about 50 days all told. It will
be sold at a bargain on three years'
SISSETON, S. D.
Olivers. IVnUar. Clerk
By Odin It. 1 lavis. Deputy. :2-1)
Notice of Foreclosure Sale.
State of Sout'.j Dakota,
County of Robert*
IU Circuit Court, otti Judicial Circuit.
The Uuiou Ceutral Lite Insurance Company,
a corporation, IMulntltT.
A. W. Luulquldt. M. Kdna Lindiju:t. 0. E.
K.yiv. G. 11. Knappon. ami Fred Hunting
ton. Trustees in Uunkruptcv of tbe Kstatc
of Andy LtudquUt. C'li ir!«\s O. Limhjuist
and Krt Lindquist as co partner.-, and in
NOTICE IS IIKKKHV GIVEN, that by vir
tue of a judgment of foreclosure and sale in
the above entitled actiou rendered on tlie
lltli day of May. A. D, 191*2. and an edition
issued uoon said judgment, the sub^ nber,
.John S.Swansou. MieriiT within and lor Rob
erts county. South Dakota for that purpose
appointed, will sell at public auction at tbe
front door of the Court House in the city of
Sisseton. County of Roberts and Slut-' of
South Dakota, on the 13th day of July A. D.
19111 at 2 o'clock in the afternoon o' that day.
the real estate ami mortgaged premises iiw
ate in the County of Roberts and SiuD' of
South Dakota and directed in said judgment
and execution to be sold, and therein de
scribed as follows:
The Southeast quarter of section seventeen
(.17) in township one hundred twouty-thrw
(123). north of range forty nine (49). west o.
the 5th t'. M. containing IG0 acres moru^r
less according to the government sur.ey
thereof, or so much thereof as may he suffi
cient to satisfy said judgment and cists,
amounting all to the sum of Two Thou
sand One Hundred Forty-one dollars and
thirty cents, with interest thereon from the
date of said judgement, and ail accruing
costs of sale.
Dated June 5th, 1912.
ohn s. swanson
")Kt) Sheriff of Roberta County, S. D,
Came to my place 2Vi miles
southeast oi Vig, on May 31, one
bay mare. Owner can have same
by paying for keeping and cost oi
(40p) —George Monson.
The Standard for News.
A A I N
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