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I Vol. 20 I£& a &|§| .Si U'k% Ki li®? M. FARMERS INSTITUTES. Plow Deep :4»y of V'or 9 1 •W- 11. 11. Stoner- Superintendent Farmers' Institutes.) |. No matter whether it he spring 'Or tall plowing, eatrly or ate, the laud should he plowed, deeply. There are .several reasons why thi.s should be done. In the first Jpla.ee tli'n soil is the home t' the roots of plants. I'pon filie de velopment of the root syslem of plant depends its power to oduce a erop. 'J'he jlant food ul the water whieh plants must liave are obtained wholly from the. jsuil. If a good root systetin is developed the plant is then in con dition to appropriate to its use lilnei.se two prepcrqitisites of crop product iioti. 'Plie roots of itlants j"i their search for plant. food ami water, must force their way] between the soil grains, anil it is evident to anyone after a moment tlhought, that it. i's easier for a ,i.ot »IJ a plant to foree its way between the grains oil' a isoil1 that is loose and mellow than, it would be to force its way between soil grains that have been closely piK Ic ed. In the iseeond place most of the available plant foods whieh th,o soiil contaijis are found' in the land turned over by the plow. ,One of the essential plant foods, nitrogen, becomes available for the use of plants only after iit has been exposed to the warming in fluence of Ihe slum aiwl air. The .roots of the plants obtain very littje nitrogen below the depth at which the land is plowed. Crop a the Dakotas suffer more often ifroiu the lack of ni,trogeii than from any ol" the other plant foods Tlie supply of available nitrogen can heri'fore be largely increased by exposing a larger voljume of .-oil to the sun and the air by deep p,lowing. In t/he next place, crop pro duction iin tlw northwestern country depends more often upon the moisture (content, oif the soil than any other one factor. 15s peciially in tilie western half of the Dakotas drought causes more crop losses than all other agen cies combined. If the land is plowed deeply, so that t/lie rains, when, they come, may go down in to the soiil instead of running off Into the creeks and gullies much .•an be done to forstall the ef fects of dry weather. The soil that has been talked about so much 'cjf. late will do no good, if there .is no moiisture in the soil. The first thing necessary in conserv ing moisture is to get the water •down into th.e so id. and the only way this can he done, under our limited rainfall, is to open up ,t lie soiil with the plow so that it will readily absorb the waiter and ^tlie next step is to spread a blanket of dry, pulverized soil on top of it to keep it there. The reprehensible practice of discing in small grain where small grain was grown the year before shoitlil be stopped and it should be stopped right now.. There is not an agricultural state in the union thai can stand up under that method of fanning, and the sooner we |iiit it the sooner wiill the state of South Dakota come into her own as an agricultural state. Rlow deep in order to provide good environment for tflie roots of plants, plow deep in order to release the plant foods of the soil, plow deep in order to con serve the moistftire that falls up on the land. Old Man Makes Sheriff Swanson Saturdav from Long Hike. returned last Fork, Minn.. where he had been to place |0. T. Norendahl in the ens tody of friends. N'oreiidahl. who is over SO years ot age. is irresponsible, a in! Mr. Swaiwou is his guardian. On Aug 'Jl. 1 old gentleman wandered nv:,.vj from his bonne in While Koelc. ,d 1 townshiip. and his guardian Juts 'been trying ever since to get 'track of li'ini. Mr. Sw.-uisun lo (cSted his charge at Clark. S. I)., last week, lie immediately went down and got him. and took him to Fork, where he was placed with the family of a mutual friend. Before he could be lo cated. Xor'endahl had walked more than 400 miles. The Standard for news. YEGGS VISIT WHITE ROCK. Unsuccessful Attempt to Rob First National Bank—Hard ware Store Looted. There wa.s great excitement at White Hock, Tuesday morning when it was iluoveied th.it G. Swanson hardware store had been broken into and looted, and to that an attempt had been madi rob the First National Hank. 'I ihe first inkling the good citizens of White Rock had llliat a yeggman haul been working in their midst was at 7 o'clock Tues dav morning, when .Mr. tfwanson! opened up his hardware store am discovered that the building had been entered some time during .Monday night. Further in-| vestigation showed that the burglar Iliad opened the safe and secured a box containing 48,000 worth of notes and ac counts, and that lie had also car ried off a gold watch, automatic Remington shot gun and several pocket knive.s. Mr. Swanson ini mediately notified Deputy Sheriff Otto Radde, w|k at once started arunnd town to see if any other depredations had been committed What was his .surprise to find that the First National Hank had also been entered' during the night, entrance being effected through a window in the rear. The burglar or burglars had evidently made several attempts to crack the vault, but had been unsuccessful, and had been com pelled to retire without securing any loot. Had they been success ful in opening the vault, they would have been handsomely re paid'foi then night's work, as tile stii.ng box contained more than ..+ 10,0(10 in currency. Inquiry about the city reveal ed the faicl that several parties had seen a stranger alight from the southbound train, Monday evening, lie wa.s hatless and was described as being a.* hard-looking character. Geo. Haul, propri etor of a pool hall, remembered that lie stranger had come into the pcol hall just before he clos e.l up and borrowed some match es. That was all there was in the way of clues to work on. cj.vcept that the yegg haul left a portion of his kit at the bank when he made his getaway, and had supplied himself with a hat belonging to the cashier. About this time the north bound train arrived, and- Mr. Radde and Mr. Haul boarded it. the deputy sli-erift' having got ten it into his head that he wotuld find the yeggman at Black [mere, N. D., the next station to the north, and in case he found him. he wanted Mr. Haul along to identify the man. Subsequent events proved that Radde lias a nose foir criminals, and a level 'head, to boot. As 'tjlie train pulled- in to Blackmere, the deputy sheriff noticed a .man trying to get aboard the blind baggage. The fellow luid a shotgun in his hands, and Radde immediately jdccidcd that he had found li.is and effected an arrest, and Mr. 'man. He covered the suspect ._ Haul readily identified the pris oner as tbe man who had borrow ed matches from him at the pool hall tile previous night. He-sides the shotgun, the man had his pockets full of new knives, and the officer was certain that he had the fellow he was looking for. in fact, before the party trot back to White Rock, the prisoner had confessed that lie was implicated in the burglar lies. lie claimed to have had a pal. but this part of his story is thought to be a fabrication, lie a I so tok! the deputy sheriff it.liMt he would find the box con taining the note-s and accounts stien from the hardware store s:'i!e of tht- road about a mile south of /White where he (the prisoner,) •ft it when he found that it Hock, contained nothing of value to I him. The prisoner was arraigned ]Tuesday afternoon, before Jus It ice Murray. He gave his name as George Leonard, his age as 21. and told the court that lie had decided to waive examina tion. The justice bound him iover to the circuit court, and Deputy Sheriff Radde and Frank Murray arrived in Sisse ton with the prisoner yesterday SISSETON, ROBERTA COUNTY, iitternoon and placed him charge of Sherift Swanson.. Leonard says lie has spent lour \ei.-s ill the iv onnatory at Wa.upun. Wis., and that he has just tunshed doing time in the county jail at Moorhcad. Mmu. While in jail at White lvock. Wednesday, lie attempt i*d to make his escape, but was discovered before he bad car 11 led Ills scheme to a successful termination. Much credit is nine Deputy /Sherit Kadde lor Ins last and •ntelligenl work in effecting •t.he arrest ot Leonard, who is -undoubtedly a very bad voung man—too bitd. in tin t. to be permitted to remit in ,i' large LARGER YIELD NEEDED Profits in by mined Acre. Corn Raising Deter Increased Yield Per The dearth ol good seed corn this spring taught corn growers in this state a lesson that t'liey li'i'e not liable to forget soon. The same conditions .might pre vail again. The selection of seed (i-orn this tall. then, .should not be postponed. It may mean a big protit next year, where, per haps, a loss might otherwise be HH niTc-d- At the present price, it can be said that every bushel raised in excess of the average yield of corn in this state represents a protit. It does not take much more time, attention or expense to raise a 10. ,0 or Mtbushel .'rop of corn than it does a bushel one. and, after the cost of production has been paid, the profits increase in direct proportion to tdie increase in yield. When you have spent the time •Hid money needed to raise an av erage corn crop, a 1 ill tie extra effort will greally increase yields and profits. There are certain luxed or overhead charges that joust he paid on every acre of corn raised. The Mnnncsota Ex perimeiit Station found that the ti\e-\car average cost of grow ing an acre of corn on the series ot selected' Minnesota farms was ifit'J.75. Tins in cludes charges for seed. 'hell ing. plowing, dragging, planting, cultivating, husking, cost of ma chinery, rent of land and general expenses. Most of these litems are little or no greater for a (ill-bushel crop than for one ol only 20 bushels. The extra effort iniay make the difference between just breaking even and milking a good profit How is this liigher yield to be obtained1,' There are several factors which must be tiiken in to consideration. Of course the germination t.est and cultivation should be carefully attended to. A very important factor, how tli.e .stand of corn ob- ever, i,s la.ined. is Dec plaiietd. most easily by careful fall. must his seed, and j-best be given the corn •field. This efforts that dends. fmd To obtain a good stand ssary that good send be Reliable seed can be •and surely obtaidled field selection ill the The good pay primary corn grower attention to this attention can in the fall, when still stands in is one of pay such the the big extra divi Resolutions. ai( .p 2195, Resolutions of sympathy ted by Sunhsime camp No. R. N. A., Effington, S. 1): Whereas, the angel of death has visited the home of onir be loved neighbor, Agnes E. .Gee, and taken from her a beloved 'fitlier, .John Egan therefore, be it Resolved, that we, t'he Neigh* bors of Sunshine Ca mp, R. N. A.. extend to the stricken neiighbor our heartfelt sympathy in her Lour of bereavement and trial: and be it further Resolved, that these lvsolu tions be spread upon t.he minutes of our camp and a copy sent, to Neighbor Ge also that they be I published in the local papers of Sissct.on. 1 1 Maud McGec Alice Class I Laura. Hugh Advertising firings r^&ults. Committee. in the Standrad FRIDAY, 8E L'T EM ER 21. 1912—N Pages WILL MAKE INSPECTION U. S. Engineer to Visit Lake Traverse and Decide on Im provements to Be Made There. "Wjhile in St. Haul, last week. sjind, A. W.. Liiuhiuist, ot Diamond, called :t the of cc of the I luted ••t.ites ellgi ncer to obtain mloimatmu as lo the u»e.s to be made ot the ijiT.olMI appropriation made by the last congress for improvements on Lake Traverse. This ap 'propria) ii was the result of a bill introduced by Congressman Hurke. and tile engineer informed nic that the money is already a a ill.I bit-, lit- assured me. also, that lie would personally visit LaLe lra\erse during the earlv iPart ol October, lor the pur pose ot inspecting the waterway and deciding upon what was nec essary to be done to improve the same. There is no doubt but that Lake Traverse will he one of the principal deep water ways ot tins part of the country, some dav. and whDie the present appropriation is small, it will be sufficient to start- the llee •essary work. and. as Mr Murke is heartily in favor of the pro posed improvement in the Lake Traverse waterway, there should and undoubtedly will he no dil'li. culty in seciii ing Ins co-operation in the matter ol an additional ap propriation by the next congress. pro\ ided he retains his seat in tihat. body, a.s lie is so richly en titled to do. "'While I llcer oft ice with him the establishment from Lake son Hay. which hits discussion for a good was in the cngiI I also discussed probability of the of a waterway I'l-.n verse to I laid cen under many years I lie project was originally lauiiched by Edgar M. Heiinett. at that, line a resident of Hi-g Stone it_\. The engineer in torined me filial #17.000 had beell appropriated by tile last congress for the purpose of making a. suney from Wahpeton. X. I), to ihe Canadian boundary7, with -i view to deepening and' straight (Uing the channel of title Red ii\er and cM-iiilishuig a system ol 'ocks, and it begins to look as though at least a portion of ,\I Hennctt's dream is about to home true, as the l\ S. engi neering torce will begin work on the survey this fall, and the Canadian government has already ordered a survey from ttlie mi teniatlonal boundary to Hudson May. I inipnrcd- as to whether or not it would lie possible to be gin the survey at Lake Traverse, and was told that it was impos sible it tints time, as the appro priation includes only tSic ter ritory lying between Wahpeton the Canadian boundary. I lie engineer wiis of the opinion, however, that there would be little diffi'iiity in getting a bill through congress extending the survey to Lake Traverse, and suggested that the people of Roberts county get busy with our representat iiVes ill congress and see that such a bill is introduced at the next session. And in uny oninion, this is what shoiuld and undoubtedly will be di.ile, a.s everyone who is famiiiar with till- proposition is a..vc 1o ti, advantages to be derived from the proposed international water wa v." Surprised Mrs. Bailey. The ladies of the Hresbytcr ian church perpetrated a surprise on Mrs. ('. B. Bailey, Wednesday evening, at the home of her daughter. Mrs. Jesse CotfiiigJiain. A delectable 'lunch, was served, and the evening was spent most pleasantly. Mrs. Bailey was pre sented -with .a set of cut glass sher bet cups, the presentation being made in a happy manner by Mrs. Howard Babcoek. German Day Celebration.. The German Alliance of South Dakota, in connection with tin citizens of Sioux Falls, has ar ranged for a big celebration of American citizens of German ex itract 2on at Si qui Falls on Oct. 10-12. The program contains a big parade, a fine entertainment at- the iiudiurn a, other at tractive features. Reduced rates on ail railroads from all points.. If you have an item of news tell the Standard about Lt. Death of A. H. Ingersoll. Alter a lingering illness of se\era.l months' duration Al bert II. Ingersoll. an old iiii'il- re spected citi/.cii of Roberts comity, passed away at Ins home in this itv on Saturday evening, Sep tember 21. Deceased was born at '•Waupun, W is., on Oct. 12, 1N"1, where lie resided until 20 years of age, when, he removed' to iowa and took up the profession of school teacher. lie later studied law, and was admitted to the bar at .Decorah. Iowa. -Mr. Ingersoll came to Roberts county in ISSN, settling at \V I mot. where he practiced law He became prominent in the politics of the county, and was elected states attorney annl. after ward county judge, filling both offices in a conscientious man ner. He was also prominent in a business way. and at the tunc of death was vice president of the Citizens National Bank of tins city. He was a member of the Knights of Hvthuis and of the Ancient Order of Fluted Work men. Kuncral services were held at the Ingersoll home at 2:.'0 Wed nesday afternoon, and were at tended by a large number of per sonal friends of the departed Re\. Shearer conducted the ser vices. Deceased is survived by a wife and several brothers and sis ters, who have the symnpthy of •ill in their hour of herenveuient The New Manager.. pre\ lously mentioned in columns, Ernesl E. Lieben is the new manager of the A.s these slein McGow an Lumber Co. local yard. The writer had ail oppor tunity of meeting Mr Liebcii stein, the first of the week, and found bun a very pleasant- gentle man to meet. Althonigh a young man, lie has had a long business experieinv, and is a graduate of the Cniversilty of Minnesota, law school. He decided on a busi ness career in preference to prac ticing law. however, and for tlm past, three years has been identi fied witili the lumber trade, dur ing winch time he Imis mastered practically every detail of the business. Mr. Liebensteiln is a brother oif] Geo. A. Liebenst:iin, general mainager of tile McGowan line of yards, and, before com ing here had spent, four months with Ins brother in the compa.nv lofficc and yard at Milbank As Ins name would indicate, lie is of German origin, but is a. native of Iowa, and has resifclnd. at Whit feniore. that state, for the past several years. Broke His Wrist. Ed Lund has been carryijng his rigiht arm in a cast, during the past week, where it is very likely to remain for a. week or two longer. While moving his threshing rilg, on Wednesday of last week, and wliiile driving the engine, as usual, the big macihiiic struck a rock. The steering 'wheel got away from Ed, the handle striking hiVn on t'he wrist ia.nd breaking one of the small bones. Although in considerable (pain.. Ed didn't suppose 'there 'were any bones broken, and (continued to run the engine until late Friday, when iie !canie to town and haid his in jured wrist examined by Dr. Brown. The break wa.s discov ered and set, and Ed expects to go back to work again a.s soon as tlito weather will perniij. Announces Himself for Sheriff. In this iissnie of tjhe Stand ard wiill be found the announce ment. of Ernest A Nyberg, of Corona, as an independent candi date for the office of sheriff of Roberts county. Mr. Nyberg is a young man with a whole lot of energy behind him and will undoubtedly give the regu lar nominees of the republicans and democrats a hard contest. He was a candidate for the same office in the primaries, and made an excellent stiowjfng, fin Kshfrig second in the race, in a field of five. Patronize the Standard jab de department. Particular printing for particular people is our spec ialty. The Standard for news. EFFINGTON. The infant son of Mr. and Mrs. A. «J. Kilness d,ied last Friday morning. Sept. 20. Inter Iment took place in tile »Synod cemetery, on Saturday Miss Forhton, of Minneapolis arrived here last Saturday and it.ook up her work as teacher in pi hi He schools. went to Browns for a load of c.ur Harry Burnett •.Valley. Monday goods for the tile Co Mrs. Geo. Walker was an El'. J'ngton shopper, Tuesday last. Mr. Boen, the hardware man, and Mr. Thompson, of the Jew ett Diiug Co., were dispalyiu.g their samples here, Tuesday O. A. Johnson, of Murray, N. |D.. was taking the sights of Ef't'ington, Saturday. Ada IleimIrickson and Lottio Paulson visited at- Ihe hVank builth home, Tuesday evening. Mrs. II. IIcndrickson visilted at the Otto Olson home, Wednesday. Ilciman Olson came down froiiu Brampton. N. I).. last Sunday. All who attended the dance at Ellington, Friday evenitiig, re port. a good time. Alma. Lund is visiting Olga Foreulahl, this week. Ada Ilciidriick.son, Mahlc Lurid and Lottie Haulson spent Sunday e\ ening at the Olson home Re\ .and Mis. Kiluess came up licin IVevcr, Sunday •Mr. and rs. A! »Hv- r, of Sis tseton. vitited at Harnett Mr. Siitre, of Appleton, Minn, is in this vicinity, looking after his farming interests. »/oe Class, who is threshing in this vicinity, went to Sisseton to spend Sunday with his family •Miss Lizzie Ilarn is stayinig with Mrs. McGcc a few days tllffs week. Mr. Griffith is teaching sclwiol tjlie VV. (!. Oliveir district Garret. Tcgler transacted l/uis-i. tness at the county seat, Satur day. Arch.ik.- Elli.sta.il was a, Sisseton visitor, Tuesidav. EASTER Mrs. R. L.. DcFrancc is en joy ing' a visit with her son Ray, in, Minneapolis. Miss Alvina Fonder guest of Mac Ilill last afternoon. 7* Morton Mercan- Bessie Ariieson was an Effing, ton visitor. Wodii' csday Louius Monson IniMii'd a lo'id ot merchandi.s' !r'iu S'sseton. Wednesday. f/i 'e/J s, Sat urday. on their way to W. C. Oli Iter's. Ihe so?ia 1 event of the season occurred Sunday at the Lutheran church, where the members had a splendid dibner party in honor of their pastor. Rev. Klevjord, the occasion being the 2«th anniver ijS'U'.v of his ti^vsf iking up the iwork of tjie miiiiistry. The church was appropriately idecora tod with potted pllants. wa.s a Sunday Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Wilcox of Sisseton were entertained at Kim ball's, Sunday, I Mae Hall was* a Hcever shop per Monday. Sylvester Kimbalil autoed to Hoever, Monday afternoon, oil a business mission. Mr. and Mrs. Sc!hamanski have recently moved onto the Jim Mc Gee place, formerly operated by H. J. Raw a nidi family. •lolin Fonder and Tom Barrett attended an auction sale at Se vert Nodland's, 'Wednesday aJ ternoon. Michael Harrett and Irene Kimball drove to lierger Berger son's, south of Peever, Sunday afternoon. Notice of Teachers' Ex amination. Notice fs hereby given that the next regular examination for teachers' primary certificates and certificates of second, and third gradio will be given in the court room at Sisseton, South Dakota, on Thursday and Friday, October 10 and 11, 1912, beginning at the hour of 8:30 o'clock Thursday morning. Bonnie Andrews, County Superintendent. 14-15 Roberts County, S. D. Have the StaifcLard print it.